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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776365/nutrient-intake-disparities-in-the-us-modeling-the-effect-of-food-substitutions
#1
Zach Conrad, LuAnn K Johnson, James N Roemmich, WenYen Juan, Lisa Jahns
BACKGROUND: Diet quality among federal food assistance program participants remains low, and little research has assessed the diet quality of food insecure non-participants. Further research is needed to assess the extent to which food substitutions can improve the nutritional status of these vulnerable populations. Substituting egg dishes for other commonly consumed dishes at certain eating occasions may be an effective strategy for improving the daily nutrient intake among these groups...
May 17, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775173/healthcare-barriers-and-supports-for-american-indian-women-with-cancer
#2
Jessica L Liddell, Catherine E Burnette, Soonhee Roh, Yeon-Shim Lee
Although American Indian (AI) women continue to experience cancer at higher rates and have not seen the same decline in cancer prevalence as the general U.S. population, little research examines how interactions with health care providers may influence and exacerbate these health disparities. The purpose of the study was to understand the experiences of AI women who receive cancer treatment, which is integral for eradication of AI cancer disparities among women. A qualitative descriptive methodology was used with a sample of 43 AI women with breast, cervical, colon, and other types of cancer from the Northern Plains region of South Dakota...
May 18, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763754/determinants-of-cancer-treatment-and-mortality-in-older-cancer-patients-using-a-multi-state-model-results-from-a-population-based-study-the-incapac-study
#3
Angéline Galvin, Catherine Helmer, Gaëlle Coureau, Brice Amadeo, Pierre Joly, Camille Sabathé, Alain Monnereau, Isabelle Baldi, Muriel Rainfray, Pierre Soubeyran, Fleur Delva, Simone Mathoulin-Pélissier
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have reported disparities in the care management and survival of older cancer patients. The aim of our study was to identify determinants of treatment administration in this population of cancer patients aged over 65 years taking into account competing risks of death. METHODS: The INCAPAC study is a population-based study. Four cancer registries and three prospective cohort studies on older subjects (age ≥65 years) from Gironde, a French department, were merged to identify older cancer patients...
May 12, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763483/melanoma-in-us-hispanics-recommended-strategies-to-reduce-disparities-in-outcomes
#4
Valerie M Harvey
Cutaneous melanoma is the most fatal form of skin cancer and presents a considerable public health concern in the United States. Although the age-adjusted incidence of melanoma among US Hispanics is lower than that of non-Hispanic whites (NHWs), Hispanics who are diagnosed with melanoma are more likely to present with thicker primary tumors, metastatic disease, and lower 5-year melanoma-specific survival rates than NHWs. Melanoma risk factors and reasons for late presentation among Hispanics are not completely understood...
April 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757939/heterogeneity-in-the-relationship-between-disinfection-by-products-in-drinking-water-and-cancer-a-systematic-review
#5
Tarik Benmarhnia, Ianis Delpla, Lara Schwarz, Manuel J Rodriguez, Patrick Levallois
The epidemiological evidence demonstrating the effect of disinfection by-products (DBPs) from drinking water on colon and rectal cancers is well documented. However, no systematic assessment has been conducted to assess the potential effect measure modification (EMM) in the relationship between DBPs and cancer. The objective of this paper is to conduct a systematic literature review to determine the extent to which EMM has been assessed in the relationship between DBPs in drinking water in past epidemiological studies...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757872/pattern-of-care-health-care-disparities-and-their-impact-on-survival-outcomes-in-stage-ivb-cervical-cancer-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Randa J Jalloul, Shelly Sharma, Celestine S Tung, Barrett OʼDonnell, Michelle Ludwig
OBJECTIVE: Although locally advanced cervical cancer can be cured, patients with stage IVB disease have poor prognosis with limited treatment options. Our aim was to describe the pattern of care and analyze health disparity variables that may account for differences in treatment modalities and survival in this population. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for patients diagnosed between 2004 and 2013 with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the cervix...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757007/a-community-based-qualitative-assessment-of-knowledge-barriers-and-promoters-of-communicating-about-family-cancer-history-among-african-americans
#7
Anne F Rositch, Rebkha Atnafou, Melinda Krakow, Gypsyamber D'Souza
Family cancer history (FCH) can shape prevention and early detection behaviors to decrease cancer risk. However, many individuals are unaware of increased risk for cancers based on family patterns. For some African-American communities, communication about FCH is rare and barriers have not been well studied. To optimize the use of FCH, it is crucial to understand how patients gather and share FCH with relatives and healthcare providers. We conducted four focus groups (n = 40) and seven key informant interviews (n = 9) to investigate knowledge, experiences, and barriers/promoters of FCH in the East Baltimore African-American community...
May 14, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756287/racial-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-oncogenic-oral-human-papillomavirus-infection-types-in-the-united-states-adult-population
#8
Samantha Raymond, Bian Liu, Emanuela Taioli
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of oral human papillomavirus (HPV) types according to race and to examine risk factors for oral HPV infection in United States adults. METHODS: Using 2009-2014 data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 13 981 subjects were examined. Prevalence of oral HPV and individual oncogenic HPV types were described according to race. Multivariable logistic and linear regressions were used to examine the risk factors for infection and coinfection...
May 13, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753147/occupational-exposure-and-consequent-health-impairments-due-to-potential-incidental-nanoparticles-in-leather-tanneries-an-evidential-appraisal-of-south-asian-developing-countries
#9
REVIEW
Fiza Sarwar, Riffat Naseem Malik, Chung Wai Chow, Khan Alam
The incidental nanoparticles' (INPs) emission at work and the consequent health impairments is a burning issue of occupational toxicology. The present study is a thorough review of available literature marking an assortment of indicators on INPs generation at leather tanneries and measurable occupational ailments. The literature reported evidences unleash a similarity between the mechanisms of leather tannery induced health damages and toxico-kinetics of incidental nanoparticles in human body. The data on physico-chemical characterization of leather tannery surface dust presents presence of stressors like heavy metals, microbes, animal fur and fibers along with organic and inorganic chemicals...
May 9, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747405/development-of-a-national-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-cancer-framework-a-shared-process-to-guide-effective-policy-and-practice
#10
Jenny Brands, Gail Garvey, Kate Anderson, Joan Cunningham, Jennifer Chynoweth, Isabella Wallington, Bronwyn Morris, Vikki Knott, Samantha Webster, Lauren Kinsella, John Condon, Helen Zorbas
Indigenous Australians experience a substantially higher cancer mortality rate than non-Indigenous Australians. While cancer outcomes are improving for non-Indigenous Australians, they are worsening for Indigenous Australians. Reducing this disparity requires evidence-based and culturally-appropriate guidance. The purpose of this paper is to describe an initiative by Cancer Australia and Menzies School of Health Research (Menzies) to develop Australia’s first National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cancer Framework using a process of co-design with relevant stakeholders...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746187/queensland-youth-cancer-service-a-partnership-model-to-facilitate-access-to-quality-care-for-young-people-diagnosed-with-cancer
#11
Natalie K Bradford, Roslyn Henney, Rick Walker, Euan Walpole, Glen Kennedy, Wayne Nicholls, Ross Pinkerton
Global recognition of the need to improve outcomes for adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer has led to the development of specific oncology programs and services. In Australia, Youth Cancer Services (YCS) are now established across the country. While each service has been shaped by nationally agreed principles, program development has been influenced by local policy and geographic differences. Queensland is a vast state with a widely dispersed population; coordination of cancer services for young people across this landscape presents unique challenges...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746178/head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-survivorship-patterns-and-disparities
#12
Sai D Challapalli, Matthew C Simpson, Eric Adjei Boakye, Jay S Pannu, Dary J Costa, Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters
PURPOSE: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) head and neck cancer (HNC) patients require longer term follow-ups as they age; yet, little is known about factors associated with survivorship in this population. We aimed to describe nonclinical factors associated with HNC survivorship among AYAs. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results 18 database from 2007 to 2014 was queried. Eligible cases were 15-39-year-old primary HNC patients with known cause of death (n = 1777)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738190/recruiting-and-engaging-african-american-men-in-health-research
#13
Schenita Randolph, Tanya Coakley, Jeffrey Shears
BACKGROUND: Improving the health of black and minority ethnic (BME) men in the US continues to be a public health priority. Compared with men of other races and ethnicities, African-American men have higher rates of mortality and morbidity from chronic illness and diseases including cancer, heart disease, prostate cancer, diabetes and HIV/AIDS. One way to address these disparities is to include African-American men in health research, to elicit their perspectives on health risks and protective factors...
May 8, 2018: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737912/an-overview-of-disparities-in-childhood-cancer-report-on-the-inaugural-symposium-on-childhood-cancer-health-disparities-houston-texas-2016
#14
Michael E Scheurer, Philip J Lupo, Joachim Schüz, Logan G Spector, Joseph L Wiemels, Richard Aplenc, M Monica Gramatges, Joshua D Schiffman, Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira, Jun J Yang, Julia E Heck, Catherine Metayer, Manuela A Orjuela-Grimm, Kira Bona, Paula Aristizabal, Mary T Austin, Karen R Rabin, Heidi V Russell, David G Poplack
The Inaugural Symposium on Childhood Cancer Health Disparities was held in Houston, Texas, on November 2, 2016. The symposium was attended by 109 scientists and clinicians from diverse disciplinary backgrounds with interests in pediatric cancer disparities and focused on reviewing our current knowledge of disparities in cancer risk and outcomes for select childhood cancers. Following a full day of topical sessions, everyone participated in a brainstorming session to develop a working strategy for the continued expansion of research in this area...
May 8, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733543/disparities-in-breast-cancer-a-multi-institutional-comparative-analysis-focusing-on-american-hispanics
#15
Zeina Nahleh, Salman Otoukesh, Hamid Reza Mirshahidi, Anthony Loc Nguyen, Gayathri Nagaraj, Gehan Botrus, Nabeel Badri, Nabih Diab, Andres Alvarado, Luis A Sanchez, Alok K Dwivedi
Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of cancer death in Hispanic/Latino women nationwide. Hispanic women are more likely to be presented with advanced disease and adverse prognosis subtypes. The aim of this study is to describe the clinico- pathological characteristics and disparities in breast cancer in this group at two tertiary care University-based medical centers. After IRB approval, Cancer registry was used to analyze the variables of 3441 patients with breast cancer diagnosed and treated consecutively at two large tertiary University based medical and cancer center database centers in El Paso, TX and Loma Linda, CA between 2005 and 2015...
May 7, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731164/influence-of-wellness-education-on-first-line-icotinib-hydrochloride-patients-with-stage-iv-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-their-family-caregivers
#16
Li Yanwei, Fang Minghui, Quan Manman, Yan Zhuchun, Liu Dongying, Pan Zhanyu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the effects of wellness education (WE) intervention on the behavioral change, psychological status, performance status on patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing icotinib hydrochloride treatment and their relationships with family caregivers. METHODS: We conducted an intervention study involving 126 individuals with confirmed activating epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive stage IV NSCLC who received icotinib hydrochloride as first-line therapy between January 2014 and January 2016; their caregivers were also included in the study...
April 11, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730551/inpatient-care-expenditure-of-the-elderly-with-chronic-diseases-who-use-public-health-insurance-disparity-in-their-last-year-of-life
#17
Worawan Chandoevwit, Phasith Phatchana
The Thai elderly are eligible for the Civil Servant Medical Benefit Scheme (CS) or Universal Coverage Scheme (UCS) depending on their pre-retirement or their children work status. This study aimed to investigate the disparity in inpatient care expenditures in the last year of life among Thai elderly individuals who used the two public health insurance schemes. Using death registration and inpatient administrative data from 2007 to 2011, our subpopulation group included the elderly with four chronic disease groups: diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiovascular disease, heart disease, and cancer...
April 28, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729855/addressing-potential-health-disparities-in-the-adoption-of-advanced-breast-imaging-technologies
#18
REVIEW
Randy C Miles, Tracy Onega, Christoph I Lee
With the advent of new screening technologies, including digital breast tomosynthesis, screening ultrasound, and breast magnetic resonance imaging, there is growing concern that existing disparities among traditionally underserved populations will worsen. These newer screening modalities purport improved cancer detection over mammography alone but are not offered at all screening facilities and often require a larger co-pay or out-of-pocket expense. Thus, the potential for worsening disparities with regard to access and appropriate utilization of supplemental screening technologies exists...
May 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729514/the-framework-of-urban-exposome-application-of-the-exposome-concept-in-urban-health-studies
#19
Xanthi D Andrianou, Konstantinos C Makris
Horizontal challenges, such as climate change or the growing populations, and their manifestations require the development of multidisciplinary research synergies in urban health that could benefit from concepts, such as the human exposome. Cities are composed of interconnected systems which are influenced, by global trends, national policies and local complexities. In this context, the exposome concept could be expanded having the city setting in its core, providing the conceptual framework for the new generation of urban studies...
May 2, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728104/disparities-in-cervical-screening-participation-a-comparison-of-russian-somali-and-kurdish-immigrants-with-the-general-finnish-population
#20
Esther E Idehen, Päivikki Koponen, Tommi Härkänen, Mari Kangasniemi, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Tellervo Korhonen
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is currently ranked as the fourth commonly diagnosed cancer in women globally. A higher incidence has been reported in low- and-middle-income countries, and the disease poses significant public health challenges. Evidence suggests that this disease is preventable by means of regular screening using the Papanicolaou (Pap) test. However, limited knowledge exists about disparities in cervical screening participation among immigrants compared with non-immigrants, in countries with universal cervical screening programmes...
May 4, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
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