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Health disparity cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099330/clarifying-the-debate-on-population-based-screening-for-breast-cancer-with-mammography-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-on-mammography-with-bayesian-meta-analysis-and-causal-model
#1
Tony Hsiu-Hsi Chen, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Jean Ching-Yuan Fann, Paula Gordon, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Chen-Yang Hsu, King-Jen Chang, Won-Chul Lee, Khay Guan Yeoh, Hiroshi Saito, Supannee Promthet, Chisato Hamashima, Alimin Maidin, Fredie Robinson, Li-Zhong Zhao
BACKGROUND: The recent controversy about using mammography to screen for breast cancer based on randomized controlled trials over 3 decades in Western countries has not only eclipsed the paradigm of evidence-based medicine, but also puts health decision-makers in countries where breast cancer screening is still being considered in a dilemma to adopt or abandon such a well-established screening modality. METHODS: We reanalyzed the empirical data from the Health Insurance Plan trial in 1963 to the UK age trial in 1991 and their follow-up data published until 2015...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099072/re-cigarette-smoking-and-breast-cancer-risk-in-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women-the-breast-cancer-health-disparities-study-by-conner-et-al-j-womens-health-larchmt-2016-25-299-310
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097472/proceedings-of-the-third-international-molecular-pathological-epidemiology-mpe-meeting
#3
REVIEW
Peter T Campbell, Timothy R Rebbeck, Reiko Nishihara, Andrew H Beck, Colin B Begg, Alexei A Bogdanov, Yin Cao, Helen G Coleman, Gordon J Freeman, Yujing J Heng, Curtis Huttenhower, Rafael A Irizarry, N Sertac Kip, Franziska Michor, Daniel Nevo, Ulrike Peters, Amanda I Phipps, Elizabeth M Poole, Zhi Rong Qian, John Quackenbush, Harlan Robins, Peter K Rogan, Martha L Slattery, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Mingyang Song, Tyler J VanderWeele, Daniel Xia, Emily C Zabor, Xuehong Zhang, Molin Wang, Shuji Ogino
Molecular pathological epidemiology (MPE) is a transdisciplinary and relatively new scientific discipline that integrates theory, methods, and resources from epidemiology, pathology, biostatistics, bioinformatics, and computational biology. The underlying objective of MPE research is to better understand the etiology and progression of complex and heterogeneous human diseases with the goal of informing prevention and treatment efforts in population health and clinical medicine. Although MPE research has been commonly applied to investigating breast, lung, and colorectal cancers, its methodology can be used to study most diseases...
January 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094601/recruiting-newly-referred-lung-cancer-patients-to-a-patient-navigator-intervention-paco-lessons-learnt-from-a-pilot-study
#4
Trille Kristina Kjær, Anders Mellemgaard, Marianne Stensøe Oksen, Bo Andreassen Rix, Randi Karlsen, Christoffer Johansen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of and survival from lung cancer are associated with socioeconomic position, and disparities have been observed in both curative and palliative treatment for lung cancer. 'Patient navigation' is valuable in addressing health disparity, with timely treatment and transition to care. We conducted a pilot study to test the feasibility of a patient navigator program (PAtient COach) for newly diagnosed lung cancer. We present the trial, the findings from the pilot study and discuss factors that might have affected recruitment rates...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093703/african-american-and-caribbean-born-men-s-perceptions-of-prostate-cancer-fear-and-facilitators-for-screening-behavior-a-pilot-study
#5
Ewan K Cobran, Jori N Hall, William D Aiken
This study describes how a concurrent exploratory mixed methodology (CEMM) approach was used to investigate perceptions of prostate cancer (CaP) fear and facilitators of screening behavior in African-American (AA) and Caribbean-born (CB) black men for instrument development. A quantitative paper-based questionnaire was modified, adapted, and administered to participants from the Personal Integrative Model of Prostate Cancer Disparity Survey and the Powe Fatalism Inventory. Focus groups and individual interviews were conducted and analyzed using thematic analysis...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086983/mailed-hpv-self-sampling-for-cervical-cancer-screening-among-underserved-minority-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Erin Kobetz, Julia Seay, Anthony Amofah, Larry Pierre, Jordan Baeker Bispo, Dinah Trevil, Martha Gonzalez, Martine Poitevien, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Olveen Carrasquillo
BACKGROUND: Underserved ethnic minority women experience significant disparities in cervical cancer incidence and mortality, mainly due to lack of cervical cancer screening. Barriers to Pap smear screening include lack of knowledge, lack of health insurance and access, and cultural beliefs regarding disease prevention. In our previous SUCCESS trial, we demonstrated that HPV self-sampling delivered by a community health worker (CHW) is efficacious in circumventing these barriers. This approach increased screening uptake relative to navigation to Pap smear screening...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074269/varied-exposure-to-carcinogenic-mutagenic-and-reprotoxic-cmr-chemicals-in-occupational-settings-in-france
#7
Nathalie Havet, Alexis Penot, Magali Morelle, Lionel Perrier, Barbara Charbotel, Béatrice Fervers
PURPOSE: To explore varied exposure to carcinogenic, mutagenic, and reprotoxic chemicals (CMR) for French employees. METHODS: Our study assessed data from the French national cross-sectional survey of occupational risks (SUMER) that was conducted in 2010 in a national representative sample of employees. We selected 28 CMR agents that were classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer or European Union as being known or presumed to have CMR potential in humans...
January 10, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073892/socioeconomic-and-ethnic-inequities-within-organised-colorectal-cancer-screening-programmes-worldwide
#8
C M de Klerk, S Gupta, E Dekker, M L Essink-Bot
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programmes can reduce CRC mortality. However, the implementation of a screening programme may create or exacerbate socioeconomic and ethnic health inequities if participation varies by subgroup. We determined which organised programmes characterise participation inequities by socioeconomic and ethnic subgroups, and assessed the variation in subgroup participation among programmes collecting group-specific data. DESIGN: Employing a literature review and survey among leaders of national or regional screening programmes, this study identified published and unpublished data on participation by socioeconomic status and ethnicity...
January 10, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069989/incomplete-diagnostic-follow-up-after-a-positive-colorectal-cancer-screening-test-a-systematic-review
#9
A R H Dalton
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using faecal occult blood or faecal immunological testing (FOBT/FIT) involves completion of a screening test-then if required a follow-up diagnostic test. METHODS: A systematic review, of EMBASE, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar, of studies up to 2016. Studies explored characteristics behind, reasons for and interventions to reduce incomplete diagnostic testing after a positive FOBT/FIT in CRC screening...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060469/social-determinants-of-health-a-framework-for-studying-cancer-health-disparities-and-minority-participation-in-research
#10
Matthew Asare, Marie Flannery, Charles Kamen
The theory of social determinants of health (SDH) posits that the health of people and communities is affected by social and economic factors (i.e., economic stability, education, neighborhood and built environment, health and health care, and social and community context). These interrelated constructs may negatively affect minority patients’ ability to participate in cancer research. Understanding SDH can help nurse researchers assess and address barriers to research participation, as well as design trials to improve minority patients’ cancer-related health...
2, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058203/do-recommendations-by-healthcare-providers-family-members-friends-and-individual-self-efficacy-increase-uptake-of-hepatitis-b-screening-results-of-a-population-based-study-of-asian-americans
#11
Xiaoxiao Lu, Hee-Soon Juon, Sunmin Lee
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection disproportionately affects Asian Americans but HBV screening rates among Asian American are substantially low. This study examines the impact of multiple recommendations and self-efficacy on HBV screening uptake among Asian Americans. METHODS: Data for this study were from 872 Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese recruited for a liver cancer prevention program in the Washington D.C - Baltimore metropolitan area. RESULTS: 410 (47%) respondents reported previous HBV screening...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055103/cancer-statistics-2017
#12
Rebecca L Siegel, Kimberly D Miller, Ahmedin Jemal
Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths that will occur in the United States in the current year and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival. Incidence data were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data were collected by the National Center for Health Statistics. In 2017, 1,688,780 new cancer cases and 600,920 cancer deaths are projected to occur in the United States...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052823/social-networks-across-common-cancer-types-the-evidence-gaps-and-areas-of-potential-impact
#13
L J Rice, C H Halbert
Although the association between social context and health has been demonstrated previously, much less is known about network interactions by gender, race/ethnicity, and sociodemographic characteristics. Given the variability in cancer outcomes among groups, research on these relationships may have important implications for addressing cancer health disparities. We examined the literature on social networks and cancer across the cancer continuum among adults. Relevant studies (N=16) were identified using two common databases: PubMed and Google Scholar...
2017: Advances in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052821/micrornas-and-their-impact-on-breast-cancer-the-tumor-microenvironment-and-disparities
#14
A Evans-Knowell, A C LaRue, V J Findlay
Breast cancer is a worldwide health issue as it represents the leading cause of cancer in women and the second-leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women, with an increasing incidence. Nothing speaks more clearly to the shocking breast cancer health disparities than the fact that African American (AA) women are as likely to get breast cancer as Caucasian American (CA) women, yet have a higher breast cancer death rate. It is becoming increasingly apparent that racial disparity in cancer exists due to molecular differences in tumor biology as well as, or in addition to, socioeconomic and standard of care issues (Albain, Unger, Crowley, Coltman, & Hershman, 2009)...
2017: Advances in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052820/disparities-in-obesity-physical-activity-rates-and-breast-cancer-survival
#15
M E Ford, G Magwood, E T Brown, K Cannady, M Gregoski, K D Knight, L L Peterson, R Kramer, A Evans-Knowell, D P Turner
The significantly higher breast cancer (BCa) mortality rates of African-American (AA) women compared to non-Hispanic (NHW) white women constitute a major US health disparity. Investigations have primarily focused on biological differences in tumors to explain more aggressive forms of BCa in AA women. The biology of tumors cannot be modified, yet lifestyle changes can mitigate their progression and recurrence. AA communities have higher percentages of obesity than NHWs and exhibit inefficient access to care, low socioeconomic status, and reduced education levels...
2017: Advances in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052818/the-role-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-cancer-disparity
#16
D P Turner
While the socioeconomic and environmental factors associated with cancer disparity have been well documented, the contribution of biological factors is an emerging field of research. Established disparity factors such as low income, poor diet, drinking alcohol, smoking, and a sedentary lifestyle may have molecular effects on the inherent biological makeup of the tumor itself, possibly altering cell signaling events and gene expression profiles to profoundly alter tumor development and progression. Our understanding of the molecular and biological consequences of poor lifestyle is lacking, but such information may significantly change how we approach goals to reduce cancer incidence and mortality rates within minority populations...
2017: Advances in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051150/prostate-cancer-mortality-to-incidence-ratios-are-associated-with-cancer-care-disparities-in-35-countries
#17
Sung-Lang Chen, Shao-Chuan Wang, Cheng-Ju Ho, Yu-Lin Kao, Tzuo-Yi Hsieh, Wen-Jung Chen, Chih-Jung Chen, Pei-Ru Wu, Jiunn-Liang Ko, Huei Lee, Wen-Wei Sung
The variation in mortality-to-incidence ratios (MIRs) among countries reflects the clinical outcomes and the available interventions for colorectal cancer treatments. The association between MIR of prostate cancer and cancer care disparities among countries is an interesting issue that is rarely investigated. For the present study, cancer incidence and mortality rates were obtained from the GLOBOCAN 2012 database. The rankings and total expenditures on health of various countries were obtained from the World Health Organization (WHO)...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050886/evaluation-of-cortisol-and-telomere-length-measurements-in-ethnically-diverse-women-with-breast-cancer-using-culturally-sensitive-methods
#18
Julio Ramirez, May Elmofty, Esperanza Castillo, Mindy DeRouen, Salma Shariff-Marco, Laura Allen, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Anna María Nápoles, Leticia Márquez-Magaña
The under-representation of ethnic minority participants, who are more likely to be socially disadvantaged in biomedical research, limits generalizability of results and reductions in health disparities. To facilitate investigations of how social disadvantage "gets under the skin," this pilot study evaluated low-intensity methods for collecting hair and saliva samples from multiethnic breast cancer survivors (N = 70) and analysis of biomarkers of chronic stress (cortisol levels) and biological age (telomere length)...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045631/head-and-neck-cancer
#19
Peter F Svider, Michael A Blasco, S Naweed Raza, Mahdi Shkoukani, Ammar Sukari, George H Yoo, Adam J Folbe, Ho-Sheng Lin, Andrew M Fribley
Despite a considerable expansion in our therapeutic repertoire for management of other malignancies, mortality from head and neck cancer (HNC) has not significantly improved in recent decades. Upon normalizing National Institutes of Health-awarded R01 and R01-equivalent grants by incidence, thyroid cancer ($214) and HNC ($1329) received the fewest funding dollars. Upon adjusting funding totals by mortality, HNC was 7th out of 9 cancers evaluated ($6138). These findings highlight HNC as an underfunded disease versus other cancers...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045347/depression-treatment-among-elderly-medicare-beneficiaries-with-incident-cases-of-cancer-and-newly-diagnosed-depression
#20
Monira Alwhaibi, Suresh Madhavan, Thomas Bias, Kimberly Kelly, Jamie Walkup, Usha Sambamoorthi
OBJECTIVE: Depression treatment can improve the health outcomes of elderly cancer survivors. There is a paucity of studies on the extent to which depression is treated among elderly cancer survivors. Therefore, this study estimated the rates of depression treatment among elderly cancer survivors and identified the factors affecting depression treatment. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study design was adopted, and data were obtained from the linked Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) and Medicare database...
January 3, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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