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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330754/systematic-review-of-mammography-screening-educational-interventions-for-hispanic-women-in-the-united-states
#1
REVIEW
John S Luque, Ayaba Logan, Grace Soulen, Kent E Armeson, Danielle M Garrett, Caroline B Davila, Marvella E Ford
In the United States (U.S.), Hispanics experience breast cancer disparities. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among Hispanic women, and Hispanic women receive mammography screening at lower rates than some other ethnic groups. This low rate of screening mammography is associated with increased risk for possible late-stage diagnosis and lower survival rates. Educational interventions could play a role in increasing screening mammography rates among Hispanic women. This systematic review synthesized the current literature on educational interventions to increase mammography screening among Hispanic women...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329960/the-future-of-lgbt-cancer-care-practice-and-research-implications
#2
REVIEW
David Rice, Matthew B Schabath
OBJECTIVES: To synthesize state of the knowledge collected in this volume and propose future directions for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) cancer practice, education, research, and advocacy. DATA SOURCES: Current and extant literature. CONCLUSION: Health care disparities that are known but not yet fully elucidated in the LGBT population carry into the cancer arena. Substantially more effort is required in the domains of patient care, nursing practice, nursing and patient-facing services provider education, patient education, nursing and interprofessional research, governmental commitment, professional organization action, and patient advocacy...
January 9, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329691/communication-disparity-between-bereaved-and-others-what-hurts-them-and-what-is-unhelpful-a-nationwide-study-of-the-cancer-bereaved
#3
EMayumi Ishida, Hideki Onishi, Tatsuya Morita, Yosuke Uchitomi, Megumi Shimizu, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
CONTEXT: The importance of communication between the cancer bereaved and others has been emphasized, but little is known about the more problematic aspects of this communication such as "unhelpful communication". OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish which types of communication are perceived by the bereaved to be unhelpful. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, anonymous, nationwide survey at 103 certified hospice facilities/palliative care units in Japan...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329156/impact-of-integrated-health-care-delivery-on-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-pancreatic-cancer
#4
Jonathan I Chang, Brian Z Huang, Bechien U Wu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether disparities in pancreatic cancer diagnosis, treatment, and survival are reduced in an integrated health system. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study (2006-2014) among patients with pancreatic cancer from Kaiser Permanente Southern California. Racial ethnic groups included non-Hispanic whites (NHW), non-Hispanic blacks (NHB), Hispanics, and Asians. We used multivariable and Cox regression analyses to evaluate disparities in diagnosis and treatment utilization (oncology care, surgery, time to surgery, chemotherapy) and overall survival, respectively...
January 12, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325817/cancer-screening-considerations-and-cancer-screening-uptake-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-persons
#5
REVIEW
Marc Ceres, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Matthew Loscalzo, David Rice
OBJECTIVES: To describe the current state of cancer screening and uptake for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons and to propose cancer screening considerations for LGBT persons. DATA SOURCES: Current and historic published literature on cancer screening and LGBT cancer screening; published national guidelines. CONCLUSION: Despite known cancer risks for members of the LGBT community, cancer screening rates are often low, and there are gaps in screening recommendations for LGBT persons...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325816/lgbt-cultural-competence-and-interventions-to-help-oncology-nurses-and-other-health-care-providers
#6
REVIEW
Asa Radix, Shail Maingi
OBJECTIVES: To define and give an overview of the importance of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) cultural competency and offer some initial steps on how to improve the quality of care provided by oncology nurses and other health care professionals. DATA SOURCES: A review of the existing literature on cultural competency. CONCLUSION: LGBT patients experience cancer and several other diseases at higher rates than the rest of the population...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320336/knowledge-gaps-of-the-health-benefits-of-beans-among-low-income-women
#7
Shelly Palmer, Donna M Winham, Christine Hradek
OBJECTIVES: We determined knowledge of the health benefits of consuming beans, and assessed if awareness varied by acculturation status among Hispanic and non-Hispanic low-income women. METHODS: We used a self-administered survey with Iowa women aged 18-65 years who were eligible to receive income-based services through 2 healthcare clinics, a WIC clinic, and Extension Outreach. Chi-square and ANOVA were used to compare bean health benefit knowledge, demographics, health-risk factors, nutrition information seeking, and self-efficacy by acculturation categories...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319331/-simple-and-easy-providers-and-latinos-perceptions-of-the-fecal-immunochemical-test-fit-for-colorectal-cancer-screening
#8
Claudia X Aguado Loi, Dinorah Martinez Tyson, Enmanuel A Chavarria, Liliana Gutierrez, Lynne Klasko, Stacy Davis, Diana Lopez, Tracy Johns, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening efforts have effectively reduced CRC morbidity and mortality, yet screening remains relatively low among Latinos. The study's purpose was to document the awareness/knowledge of Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) among Latinos, gain better understanding of patient and health care provider perceptions about FIT, and explore the feasibility of adoption/uptake. DESIGN/METHODS: The study was guided by qualitative, ethnography design and methods...
January 10, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315497/health-care-disparities-among-octogenarians-and-nonagenarians-with-stage-iii-lung-cancer
#9
Richard J Cassidy, Xinyan Zhang, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Pretesh R Patel, Joseph W Shelton, Sibo Tian, Ronica H Nanda, Conor E Steuer, Rathi N Pillai, Taofeek K Owonikoko, Suresh S Ramalingam, Felix G Fernandez, Seth D Force, Theresa W Gillespie, Walter J Curran, Kristin A Higgins
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, the practice patterns for patients aged more than 80 years with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not well known. The purpose of the current study was to investigate factors predictive of and the impact on overall survival (OS) after concurrent chemoradiation (CRT) among patients aged ≥80 years with American Joint Committee on Cancer stage III NSCLC in the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB). METHODS: In the NCDB, patients aged ≥80 years who were diagnosed with stage III NSCLC from 2004 to 2013 with complete treatment records were identified...
January 8, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313949/cancer-statistics-2018
#10
Rebecca L Siegel, Kimberly D Miller, Ahmedin Jemal
Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths that will occur in the United States and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival. Incidence data, available through 2014, were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data, available through 2015, were collected by the National Center for Health Statistics...
January 4, 2018: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312566/trends-in-colorectal-cancer-mortality-in-hispanics-a-seer-analysis
#11
Afsaneh Barzi, Dongyun Yang, Sayedamin Mostofizadeh, Heinz-Josef Lenz
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality among Hispanics is lower than Non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). If Hispanics receive equitable care and achieve the same degree of health benefit, their trend of better survival should be maintained. This study assesses mortality trends among Hispanics overtime to compare their survival improvement with NHW. Methods: We used the Incidence-Based Mortality database of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) to assess the mortality gap, which is defined as the difference in stage-specific mortality between NHWs and Hispanics, and currently has an advantage for Hispanics...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310606/ethnic-disparities-in-breast-cancer-survival-in-new-zealand-which-factors-contribute
#12
Sandar Tin Tin, J Mark Elwood, Charis Brown, Diana Sarfati, Ian Campbell, Nina Scott, Reena Ramsaroop, Sanjeewa Seneviratne, Vernon Harvey, Ross Lawrenson
BACKGROUND: New Zealand has major ethnic disparities in breast cancer survival with Māori (indigenous people) and Pacific women (immigrants or descended from immigrants from Pacific Islands) faring much worse than other ethnic groups. This paper identified underlying factors and assessed their relative contribution to this risk differential. METHODS: This study involved all women who were diagnosed with primary invasive breast cancer in two health regions, covering about 40% of the national population, between January 2000 and June 2014...
January 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309234/the-san-francisco-cancer-initiative-a-community-effort-to-reduce-the-population-burden-of-cancer
#13
Robert A Hiatt, Amanda Sibley, Laura Fejerman, Stanton Glantz, Tung Nguyen, Rena Pasick, Nynikka Palmer, Arnold Perkins, Michael B Potter, Ma Somsouk, Roberto A Vargas, Laura J van 't Veer, Alan Ashworth
The great potential for reducing the cancer burden and cancer disparities through prevention and early detection is unrealized at the population level. A new community-based coalition, the San Francisco Cancer Initiative (SF CAN), focuses on the city and county of San Francisco, where cancer is the leading cause of death. SF CAN is an integrated, cross-sector collaboration launched in November 2016. It brings together the San Francisco Department of Public Health; the University of California, San Francisco; major health systems; and community coalitions to exert collective impact...
January 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307388/effect-of-hpv-vaccination-and-cervical-cancer-screening-in-england-by-ethnicity-a-modelling-study
#14
Helen C Johnson, Erin I Lafferty, Rosalind M Eggo, Karly Louie, Kate Soldan, Jo Waller, W John Edmunds
BACKGROUND: Health equality is increasingly being considered alongside overall health gain when assessing public health interventions. However, the trade-off between the direct effects of vaccination and herd immunity could lead to unintuitive consequences for the distribution of disease burden within a population. We used a transmission dynamic model of human papillomavirus (HPV) to investigate the effect of ethnic disparities in vaccine and cervical screening uptake on inequality in disease incidence in England...
January 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304322/epidemiological-patterns-of-leukaemia-in-184-countries-a-population-based-study
#15
Adalberto Miranda-Filho, Marion Piñeros, Jacques Ferlay, Isabelle Soerjomataram, Alain Monnereau, Freddie Bray
BACKGROUND: Leukaemia is a heterogeneous group of haemopoietic cancers that comprises a number of diverse and biologically distinct subgroups. We examine the leukaemia burden worldwide and highlight the distinct incidence patterns in order to elucidate explanatory factors that may support preventive measures and health resource planning. We aimed to estimate the global burden of leukaemia incidence according to the four major subtypes stratified by age and sex. METHODS: In this population-based study, we assessed leukaemia incidence for the major subtypes using the Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Volume X (CI5-X), which includes data from 290 cancer registries in 68 countries covering the diagnostic period 2003-07, for all ages and both sexes...
January 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300382/proposed-outcomes-measures-for-state-public-health-genomic-programs
#16
Debra Lochner Doyle, Mindy Clyne, Juan L Rodriguez, Deborah L Cragun, Laura Senier, Georgia Hurst, Kee Chan, David A Chambers
PurposeTo assess the implementation of evidence-based genomic medicine and its population-level impact on health outcomes and to promote public health genetics interventions, in 2015 the Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine formed an action collaborative, the Genomics and Public Health Action Collaborative (GPHAC). This group engaged key stakeholders from public/population health agencies, along with experts in the fields of health disparities, health literacy, implementation science, medical genetics, and patient advocacy...
January 4, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275016/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-survivorship
#17
REVIEW
Charles Kamen
OBJECTIVE: To discuss lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)-specific survivorship issues including: integrating sexual and gender minority identities with cancer survivor identities; coordinating medical care and disclosing identities to health care providers; dealing with late effects of treatment; and addressing LGBT family and relationship issues. DATA SOURCES: Published articles, quotes from an online survey of 311 LGBT survivors. CONCLUSION: The transition from active cancer treatment to survivorship presents challenges, and LGBT cancer survivors may face additional challenges as they enter the survivorship phase...
December 20, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258470/health-and-healthcare-disparities-among-u-s-women-and-men-at-the-intersection-of-sexual-orientation-and-race-ethnicity-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#18
Mai-Han Trinh, Madina Agénor, S Bryn Austin, Chandra L Jackson
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that sexual minorities (SMs) (e.g. lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals), compared to their heterosexual counterparts, may engage in riskier health behaviors, are at higher risk of some adverse health outcomes, and are more likely to experience reduced health care access and utilization. However, few studies have examined how the interplay between race and sexual orientation impacts a range of health measures in a nationally representative sample of the U...
December 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247578/interventions-developed-with-the-intervention-mapping-protocol-in-the-field-of-cancer-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Marion Lamort-Bouché, Philippe Sarnin, Gerjo Kok, Sabrina Rouat, Julien Péron, Laurent Letrilliart, Jean-Baptiste Fassier
OBJECTIVES: The Intervention Mapping (IM) protocol provides a structured framework to develop, implement and evaluate complex interventions. The main objective of this review was to identify and describe the content of the interventions developed in the field of cancer with the IM protocol. Secondary objectives were to assess their fidelity to the IM protocol and to review their theoretical frameworks. METHODS: Medline, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Pascal, Francis, and BDSP databases were searched...
December 16, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247085/temporal-trend-in-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-uptake-of-cancer-screening-programmes-in-france-between-2005-and-2010-results-from-the-cancer-barometer-surveys
#20
David Mark Kelly, Carla Estaquio, Christophe Léon, Pierre Arwidson, Hermann Nabi
OBJECTIVES: Cancer screening is a form of secondary prevention for a disease which is now the leading cause of death in France. Various socioeconomic indicators have been identified as potential factors for disparities in breast, cervical and colorectal cancer screening uptake. We aimed to identify the socioeconomic inequalities, which persisted in screening uptake for these cancers, and to quantify these disparities over a 5-year period. SETTING: The Cancer Barometer was a population-based-survey carried out in 2005 and 2010 in France...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
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