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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437868/early-mortality-and-overall-survival-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-based-on-facility-type
#1
Vijaya R Bhatt, Valerie Shostrom, Smith Giri, Krishna Gundabolu, K M Monirul Islam, Frederick R Appelbaum, Lori J Maness
Cancer health disparities may exist based on the facility type. We aimed to determine the association between the academic status of centers and outcomes of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Using the National Cancer Data Base, we compared one-month mortality and longer-term overall survival (OS) of 60,738 patients with AML, who received first course treatment between 2003-2011 at academic or non-academic centers (community cancer program, comprehensive community cancer program, and others). Multivariate analysis was done using logistic regression for one-month mortality and Cox regression with backward elimination approach for OS...
April 24, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436011/is-prostate-cancer-different-in-black-men-answers-from-3-natural-history-models
#2
Alex Tsodikov, Roman Gulati, Tiago M de Carvalho, Eveline A M Heijnsdijk, Rachel A Hunter-Merrill, Angela B Mariotto, Harry J de Koning, Ruth Etzioni
BACKGROUND: Black men in the United States have substantially higher prostate cancer incidence rates than the general population. The extent to which this incidence disparity is because prostate cancer is more prevalent, more aggressive, and/or more frequently diagnosed in black men is unknown. METHODS: The authors estimated 3 independently developed models of prostate cancer natural history in black men and in the general population using an updated reconstruction of prostate-specific antigen screening, based on the National Health Interview Survey in 2005 and on prostate cancer incidence data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program during 1975 through 2000...
April 24, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435785/impact-of-a-brief-intervention-on-cervical-health-literacy-a-waitlist-control-study-with-jailed-women
#3
Megha Ramaswamy, Jaehoon Lee, Joi Wickliffe, Molly Allison, Amanda Emerson, Patricia J Kelly
Jailed women are four-five times more likely to have had cervical cancer compared to women without criminal justice histories. Previous research has shown that an important contributor to cervical cancer risk, and perhaps lack of follow-up, is incarcerated women's low health literacy about broader reproductive health issues. Little work has been done to address this disparity. Thus, the objective of this study was to test the effectiveness of an intervention to improve incarcerated women's cervical health literacy and ultimately address cervical cancer disparities...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435757/beyond-the-ability-to-pay-the-health-status-of-native-hawaiians-and-other-pacific-islanders-in-relationship-to-health-insurance
#4
Ashley K Morisako, Maile Tauali'i, Adrian Jacques H Ambrose, Kelley Withy
Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI) suffer from a number of poor health outcomes, such as high rates of overweight status, obesity, hypertension, and high rates of asthma and cancer mortality. In addition to a disproportionate burden of illness, barriers to health care access and utilization also exist. This study examines the effect of health insurance coverage on the health status of NHOPI in comparison to Asians. To analyze this relationship, the study uses the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) 2012 data and logistic regression...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432548/prostate-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-in-black-college-men-a-qualitative-study
#5
Krista Mincey, Brian L Turner, Khila Anderson, Sheldon Maurice, Rachel Neal, Camille White
This qualitative study explores prostate cancer knowledge and risk in Black college men. Using the Health Belief Model as a guide, focus groups and interviews were conducted with 35 Black males at a historically black college and university. Thematic analysis was conducted and general themes were found. Results indicate that Black college males have very little knowledge and understanding of what their prostate is and what it does. They are also unaware of their risk of developing prostate cancer. Additionally, while many believe prostate cancer is severe, few believe they are susceptible to getting it...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430705/disparities-in-female-breast-cancer-stage-at-diagnosis-in-new-jersey-a-spatial-temporal-analysis
#6
Lisa M Roche, Xiaoling Niu, Antoinette M Stroup, Kevin A Henry
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in early detection of breast cancer, disparities persist in stage at diagnosis, which is an important prognostic factor. METHODS: We used the space-time scan statistic in SaTScan to identify geographic areas and time periods with significantly elevated proportions of female breast cancer diagnosed at the in situ or distant stage in New Jersey. The analyses were conducted with census tracts as the geographic unit of analysis, elliptical spatial windows, 3-year temporal windows, and Poisson models...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430396/patient-and-caregiver-perspectives-on-decision-support-for-symptom-and-quality-of-life-management-during-cancer-treatment-implications-for-ehealth
#7
Mary E Cooley, Manan M Nayak, Janet L Abrahm, Ilana M Braun, Michael S Rabin, Jane Brzozowski, Christopher Lathan, Donna L Berry
OBJECTIVES: Adequate symptom and quality-of-life (SQL) management is a priority during cancer treatment. eHealth is a timely way to enhance patient-engagement, facilitate communication and improve health outcomes. The objectives of this study were to describe patient and caregivers' perspectives for providing, processing and managing SQL data to enhance communication and identify desired components for decision support. METHODS: Data were collected from 64 participants through questionnaires and focus groups...
April 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429426/age-related-health-care-disparities-in-multiple-myeloma
#8
Mathieu Puyade, Gautier Defossez, François Guilhot, Xavier Leleu, Pierre Ingrand
Age is a well-known factor in solid tumours linked to lower adherence to guidelines. Scarce data exist for haematologic malignancies such as multiple myeloma (MM). The aim of the study was to investigate the relationships among age, adherence to guidelines in MM, and overall survival (OS).The Poitou-Charentes cancer registry has exhaustively registered incident cases of MM from 2008 to 2010. Diagnosis, staging, prognosis, and first-line treatment were compared to the international guidelines. Three hundred and sixty-seven patients aged 36 to 93 years were included...
April 21, 2017: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424184/demographic-lifestyle-and-genetic-determinants-of-circulating-concentrations-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-vitamin-d-binding-protein-in-african-american-and-european-american-women
#9
Song Yao, Chi-Chen Hong, Elisa V Bandera, Qianqian Zhu, Song Liu, Ting-Yuan David Cheng, Gary Zirpoli, Stephen A Haddad, Kathryn L Lunetta, Edward A Ruiz-Narvaez, Susan E McCann, Melissa A Troester, Lynn Rosenberg, Julie R Palmer, Andrew F Olshan, Christine B Ambrosone
Background: Vitamin D may have anticancer activities. The high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in African Americans (AAs) may be a contributing factor to the cancer health disparities between AAs and European Americans (EAs).Objectives: We compared concentrations of 25(OH)D and vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) in AA and EA women and investigated determinants of the vitamin D-biomarker concentrations in both populations.Design: We used data and biospecimens from 909 AA and 847 EA healthy control subjects from the Carolina Breast Cancer Study (CBCS) and the Women's Circle of Health Study (WCHS) in the African American Breast Cancer Epidemiology and Risk Consortium...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413829/prioritizing-us-cervical-cancer-prevention-with-results-from-a-geospatial-model
#10
Jonathan K Kish, Alicia I Rolin, Zhaohui Zou, James E Cucinelli, Zaria Tatalovich, Mona Saraiya, Sean F Altekruse
PURPOSE: To determine if differences in screening and vaccination patterns across the population may accentuate ethnic and geographic variation in future burden of disease. METHODS: Using Cancer in North America data provided by the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, county cervical cancer incidence trends from 1995 to 2009 were modeled for the entire United States using ecologic covariates. Rates for health service areas were also modeled by ethnicity...
October 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410139/exosomes-based-biomarker-discovery-for-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-prostate-cancer
#11
Gati Krushna Panigrahi, Gagan Deep
African American men in the United States have higher incidence and mortality rates due to prostate cancer (PCa) compared to other races. In 2016 alone, nearly 30,000 cases of PCa in African American men were diagnosed and 4,450 men died from PCa. The underlying reasons for this health disparity in PCa are complex and include social, economic, and biologic determinants. To reduce or eliminate this health disparity, we must better understand the biology of the disease in African Americans and then develop novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers useful for timely and effective treatment decisions...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409331/igf-1-has-sexually-dimorphic-pleiotropic-and-time-dependent-effects-on-healthspan-pathology-and-lifespan
#12
Nicole M Ashpole, Sreemathi Logan, Andriy Yabluchanskiy, Matthew C Mitschelen, Han Yan, Julie A Farley, Erik L Hodges, Zoltan Ungvari, Anna Csiszar, Sixia Chen, Constantin Georgescu, Gene B Hubbard, Yuji Ikeno, William E Sonntag
Reduced circulating levels of IGF-1 have been proposed as a conserved anti-aging mechanism that contributes to increased lifespan in diverse experimental models. However, IGF-1 has also been shown to be essential for normal development and the maintenance of tissue function late into the lifespan. These disparate findings suggest that IGF-1 may be a pleiotropic modulator of health and aging, as reductions in IGF-1 may be beneficial for one aspect of aging, but detrimental for another. We postulated that the effects of IGF-1 on tissue health and function in advanced age are dependent on the tissue, the sex of the animal, and the age at which IGF-1 is manipulated...
April 13, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402398/the-health-system-and-policy-implications-of-changing-epidemiology-for-oral-cavity-and-oropharyngeal-cancers-in-the-united-states-from-1995-to-2016
#13
Charles W LeHew, Darien J Weatherspoon, Caryn E Peterson, Abigail Goben, Karolina Reitmajer, Herve Sroussi, Linda M Kaste
Oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers are typically grouped under the general term, "oral cancer." Yet, the incidence of oropharyngeal cancers is increasing in the United States, while the incidence of oral cavity cancers has declined. These 2 distinct but conflated groups of oral cancers are attributed to different risk factors. Incidence and survival trends were examined across US population groups and by anatomical subsite. Disparities in incidence and survival by sex, race/ethnicity, and subsite were identified...
April 11, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400635/oral-and-cutaneous-lymphomas-other-than-mycosis-fungoides-and-s%C3%A3-zary-syndrome-in-a-mexican-cohort-recategorization-and-evaluation-of-international-geographical-disparities
#14
Amparo Hernández-Salazar, Jorge Andrés García-Vera, Yann Charli-Joseph, Guadalupe Ortiz-Pedroza, Silvia Méndez-Flores, Rocío Orozco-Topete, Ana Lilia Morales-Leyte, Judith Domínguez-Cherit, Carmen Lome-Maldonado
BACKGROUND: Nonmycosis fungoides/Sézary syndrome (non-MF/SS) primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCL) are currently categorized under the 2005-World Health Organization/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (WHO-EORTC) classification for PCL. These differ in behavior from secondary cutaneous lymphomas (SCL) and to lymphomas limited to the oral cavity (primary oral lymphomas [POL]) both categorized under the 2016-WHO classification for lymphoid neoplasms. AIMS: This study aims to report the first series of non-MF/SS PCL, SCL, and POL in a Mexican cohort, examine the applicability of current classification systems and compare our findings with those from foreign cohorts...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400354/usability-of-a-novel-mobile-health-ipad-app-by-vulnerable-populations
#15
David P Miller, Kathryn E Weaver, L Doug Case, Donald Babcock, Donna Lawler, Nancy Denizard-Thompson, Michael P Pignone, John G Spangler
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in mobile technologies have created new opportunities to reach broadly into populations that are vulnerable to health disparities. However, mobile health (mHealth) strategies could paradoxically increase health disparities, if low socioeconomic status individuals lack the technical or literacy skills needed to navigate mHealth programs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether patients from vulnerable populations could successfully navigate and complete an mHealth patient decision aid...
April 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398847/traceback-a-proposed-framework-to-increase-identification-and-genetic-counseling-of-brca1-and-brca2-mutation-carriers-through-family-based-outreach
#16
Goli Samimi, Marcus Q Bernardini, Lawrence C Brody, Charlisse F Caga-Anan, Ian G Campbell, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Fergus J Couch, Michael Dean, Joanne A de Hullu, Susan M Domchek, Ronny Drapkin, Heather Spencer Feigelson, Michael Friedlander, Mia M Gaudet, Marline G Harmsen, Karen Hurley, Paul A James, Janice S Kwon, Felicitas Lacbawan, Stephanie Lheureux, Phuong L Mai, Leah E Mechanic, Lori M Minasian, Evan R Myers, Mark E Robson, Susan J Ramus, Lisa F Rezende, Patricia A Shaw, Thomas P Slavin, Elizabeth M Swisher, Masataka Takenaka, David D Bowtell, Mark E Sherman
In May 2016, the Division of Cancer Prevention and the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, convened a workshop to discuss a conceptual framework for identifying and genetically testing previously diagnosed but unreferred patients with ovarian cancer and other unrecognized BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers to improve the detection of families at risk for breast or ovarian cancer. The concept, designated Traceback, was prompted by the recognition that although BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are frequent in women with ovarian cancer, many such women have not been tested, especially if their diagnosis predated changes in testing guidelines...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398629/treatment-experiences-of-latinas-after-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer
#17
Steven J Katz, Lauren P Wallner, Paul H Abrahamse, Nancy K Janz, Kathryn A Martinez, Dean A Shumway, Ann S Hamilton, Kevin C Ward, Kenneth A Resnicow, Sarah T Hawley
BACKGROUND: The authors examined racial/ethnic differences in patient perspectives regarding their breast cancer treatment experiences. METHODS: A weighted random sample of women newly diagnosed with breast cancer between 2013 and 2015 in Los Angeles County and Georgia were sent surveys 2 months after undergoing surgery (5080 women; 70% response rate). The analytic sample was limited to patients residing in Los Angeles County (2397 women). RESULTS: The pattern of visits with different specialists before surgery was found to be similar across racial/ethnic groups...
April 11, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395243/impact-of-community-disadvantage-and-air-pollution-burden-on-geographic-disparities-of-ovarian-cancer-survival-in-california
#18
Verónica M Vieira, Carolina Villanueva, Jenny Chang, Argyrios Ziogas, Robert E Bristow
Ovarian cancer survival varies geographically throughout California. The objective of this study is to determine the impact of living in disadvantaged communities on spatial patterns of survival disparities. Including a bivariate spatial smooth of geographic location within the Cox proportional hazard models is an effective approach for spatial analyses of cancer survival. Women diagnosed with advanced Stage IIIC/IV epithelial ovarian cancer (1996-2006) were identified from the California Cancer Registry. The impact of living in disadvantaged communities, as measured by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment cumulative CalEnviroScreen 2...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392171/disparities-in-cancer-screening-practices-among-minority-and-underrepresented-populations
#19
REVIEW
Tamryn F Gray, Joycelyn Cudjoe, Jeanne Murphy, Roland J Thorpe, Jennifer Wenzel, Hae-Ra Han
OBJECTIVES: To review current evidence about cancer screening challenges that lead to cancer health disparities in minority populations. DATA SOURCES: Research reports, published journal articles, web sites, and clinical practice observations. CONCLUSION: There are significant disparities that exist in cancer screening practices among racial and ethnic minority and underrepresented populations, resulting in disproportionately higher cancer mortality rates in these populations...
April 6, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381227/social-determinants-of-breast-cancer-in-the-caribbean-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Catherine R Brown, Ian R Hambleton, Shawn M Hercules, Miriam Alvarado, Nigel Unwin, Madhuvanti M Murphy, E Nigel Harris, Rainford Wilks, Marlene MacLeish, Louis Sullivan, Natasha Sobers-Grannum
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the Caribbean and accounts for >1 million disability adjusted life years. Little is known about the social inequalities of this disease in the Caribbean. In support of the Rio Political Declaration on addressing health inequities, this article presents a systematic review of evidence on the distribution, by social determinants, of breast cancer risk factors, frequency, and adverse outcomes in Caribbean women...
April 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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