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B Yu, B M Ding, X J Zhu, H Shen
Objective: Analysis of occupational poisoning character and laws in Jiangsu Province from 2006-2015, so as to provide scientific basis for the formulation of effective intervention measures and prevention strategies. Methods: According to the data of Jiangsu province occupational poisoning cases reports of year 2006 to 2015, by EXCEL arranged, using SPSS software to do epidemiological data statistical analysis. Results: In the past ten years, the number of occupational poisoning cases reported in Jiangsu province increased first and then declined...
August 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
X Feng, X F Shi
Hepatitis B remains a worldwide health problem with a high mortality rate associated with end-stage liver diseases. The Model for End-Stage Liver Disease and Child-Pugh score is still widely used as the prognostic model for liver cirrhosis and inflammatory reaction, B-type natriuretic peptide and portal vein thrombosis are independent risk factors. Many new models have been proposed for liver failure, including a new model HINAT ACLF. HINAT ACLF is better than its preceding models and increased neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is a single factor to promote thyroid hormone, cholinesterase, and antiviral treatment response in this model...
August 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
B Y Huang, Q X Wang, X Ma
IgG4-relaed hepatobiliary diseases (IgG4-HBD) are the hepatobiliary manifestations of IgG4-related disease, a multisystem fibro-inflammatory disorder. Previous studies on the pathogenesis of genetics and immunology have provided significant assistance in understanding the disease, rational diagnosis and treatment, but there are still many unknowns and challenges. The current research progress summarizes several factors influencing fibrosis and inflammation in the pathogenesis of disease.
June 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
B Liu, Y X Zhang, W H Zhang, Y P Han, J Li
Objective: To analyze the changing trends in etiologies of hospitalized patients with liver disease and provide clinical basis for the formulation of medical policy. Methods: Patients who were hospitalized in the Department of Infectious Diseases from 2006 to 2014 were selected as the research subjects. Data of patients with liver diseases were retrospectively analyzed to determine the proportion of main causes of infection, the proportion of different viral infections in viral hepatitis, and the changing trends in proportion of hepatitis B in different age groups...
June 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Everett F McGuinty, Brian M Bird, John Nelson, Jazlyn L McGuinty, Andrew Cashin
TOPIC: The Brief Services psychotherapy paradigm has evolved to produce cost-effective and clinically significant outcomes in children's mental health. Though its clinical evaluation is still in its infancy, it has been utilized to a much lesser degree with autism spectrum disorders, which typically require a longer-term approach to psychotherapy treatment. PURPOSE: The current paper introduces a novel, four-session intervention that aims to decrease anxiety experienced by clients presenting with high-functioning autism...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Kai Xu, Ying Feng
Long noncoding RNA HOXD cluster antisense RNA 1 (HOXD-AS1) has been found to play a crucial role in the tumorigenesis and progression of human cancer. However, the role of HOXD-AS1 in papillary thyroid cancer is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical value and biological function of HOXD-AS1 in papillary thyroid cancer. The results showed HOXD-AS1 is overexpressed in papillary thyroid cancer tissues and cell lines compared with matching nontumor tissue specimens and normal thyroid cell line, respectively...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Irem Dogan Turacli, Funda Demirtas Korkmaz, Tuba Candar, Abdullah Ekmekci
BACKGROUND: There is still no clinically approved agent for mutant KRAS, which is the most common alteration in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Flavopiridol is a semisynthetic flavonoid that inhibits cell growth through cyclin-dependent kinases in G1/S or G2/M of the cell cycle and induces apoptosis. In this study, we evaluated its effect on cellular apoptosis, survival, and metastasis mechanisms on KRAS mutant A549, Calu-1, and H2009 cell lines. METHODS: The cytotoxic effects of flavopiridol on NSCLC cells were determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide cell viability test...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Kun Li, Chunmei Xiu, Qiang Zhou, Li Ni, Jun Du, Tingting Gong, Meng Li, Saijilafu, Huilin Yang, Jianquan Chen
Osteoblasts, the chief bone-forming cells, are differentiated from mesenchymal stromal/stem cells. Disruption of this differentiation process can cause osteoporosis, a bone disease characterized by low bone mass and deteriorated bone structure. Cholesterol has been implicated in pathogenesis of osteoporosis, and was recently identified as an endogenous activator of Hedgehog (Hh) signaling. However, its pathological and physiological roles in osteoblast differentiation are still poorly understood. Moreover, it is unclear whether these potential roles played by cholesterol are related to its capability to modulate Hh pathway...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Xiangcheng Xiao, Qiongjing Yuan, Yusa Chen, Zhihua Huang, Xi Fang, Haixia Zhang, Ling Peng, Ping Xiao
Although long noncoding RNA (LncRNA) are important players in the initiation and progression of many pathological processes, the role of LncRNAENST00000453774.1 (LncRNA 74.1) in renal fibrosis still remains unclear. Lentivirus mediated LncRNA 74.1 overexpressing HK2 cells and overexpression mice models were constructed. HK2 cells induced by transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) in vitro, and the mice UUO model in vivo were used to simulate renal fibrosis. The expression of LncRNA 74.1 was significantly downregulated in the TGF-β-induced HK-2 cell fibrosis and clinical renal fibrosis specimens...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Majid Ahmadi, Mahnaz Ghaebi, Samaneh Abdolmohammadi-Vahid, Sanaz Abbaspour-Aghdam, Kobra Hamdi, Sedigheh Abdollahi-Fard, Shahla Danaii, Parisa Mosapour, Ladan Koushaeian, Sanam Dolati, Reza Rikhtegar, Farnaz Dabiri Oskouei, Leili Aghebati-Maleki, Mohammad Nouri, Mehdi Yousefi
BACKGROUND: Recurrent miscarriage (RM) has a multifactorial etiology mainly due to chromosomal abnormalities and immunological factors. Treating RM has remained to be a challenging issue and the role of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in treating RM is still controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study aimed to evaluate the changes in natural killer (NK) cells' frequency and cytotoxicity in patients with RM who received the IVIG therapy. A total of 78 women with a history of three or more recurrent miscarriages were included and their peripheral blood was drawn in case of positive pregnancy test...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Shima Hadifar, Abolfazl Fateh, Mohammad Hadi Yousefi, Seyed Davar Siadat, Farzam Vaziri
Today, diagnosis, vaccination, and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) remain major clinical challenges. Therefore, an introduction of new diagnostic measures and biomarkers is necessary to improve infection control. The ideal biomarker for TB infection can be defined as a host or pathogen-derived biomolecule, which is potent for identifying infection and determining its clinical stage. Exosomes, defined as cell-derived nanovesicles released into biological fluids, are involved in cell-cell communication and immune modulation...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Jaesung Seo, Garam Guk, Seung-Ho Park, Mi-Hyeon Jeong, Ji-Hoon Jeong, Ho-Geun Yoon, Kyung-Chul Choi
The role of histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) is to repress the expression of various genes by eliminating acetyl group from histone. Thus, the regulation of HDAC3 activity is essential to maintain cellular homeostasis. In this study, we found that HDAC3 interacts with c-Src kinase. However, the interaction between HDAC3 and c-Src was previously reported, it has still been ambiguous whether c-Src phosphorylates HDAC3 and affects the function of HDAC3. First, we confirmed that HDAC3 directly binds to c-Src, and c-Src identified to interact with C-terminal domain (277-428 a...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Nirmaljeet Kaur, Prachi Gupta, Vikram Saini, Sandeep Sherawat, Sanjeev Gupta, Anita Dua, Vinod Kumar, Elisha Injeti, Ashwani Mittal
Skeletal muscle atrophy/wasting is associated with impaired protein metabolism in diverse physiological and pathophysiological conditions. Elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), disturbed redox status, and weakened antioxidant defense system are the major contributing factors toward atrophy. Regulation of protein metabolism by controlling ROS levels and its associated catabolic pathways may help in treating atrophy and related clinical conditions. Although cinnamaldehyde (CNA) enjoys the established status of antioxidant and its role in ROS management is reported, impact of CNA on skeletal muscle atrophy and related pathways is still unexplored...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Renato Chaves Souto Branco, Rafael Ludemann Camargo, Thiago Martins Batista, Jean Franciesco Vettorazzi, Camila Lubaczeuski, Lucas Henrique Montes Bomfim, Leonardo Reis Silveira, Antônio Carlos Boschero, Cláudio Cesar Zoppi, Everardo Magalhães Carneiro
Nutrient malnutrition, during the early stages of development, may facilitate the onset of metabolic diseases later in life. However, the consequences of nutritional insults, such as a high-fat diet (HFD) after protein restriction, are still controversial. We assessed overall glucose homeostasis and molecular markers of mitochondrial function in the gastrocnemius muscle of protein-restricted mice fed an HFD until early adulthood. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed a control (14% protein-control diet) or a protein-restricted (6% protein-restricted diet) diet for 6 weeks...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Manoj P Dandekar, Ashwini Saxena, Giselli Scaini, Joo Hyun Shin, Agata Migut, Vijayasree Vayalanellore Giridharan, Yuzhi Zhou, Tatiana Barichello, Jair C Soares, Joao Quevedo, Albert J Fenoy
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) displays a promising antidepressant effects in patients with treatment-refractory depression; however, a clear consensus on underlying mechanisms is still enigmatic. Herein, we investigated the effects of MFB-DBS on anhedonic-like behavior using the Froot Loops® consumption in a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUS) model of depression, biochemical estimation of peripheral and central inflammatory cytokines, stress hormone, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)...
October 13, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Alessandro Inno, Sandro Barni, Antonio Ghidini, Alberto Zaniboni, Fausto Petrelli
INTRODUCTION: One year is the standard duration of adjuvant trastuzumab for human epidermal receptor-2 (HER2) positive (HER2+) breast cancer (BC). Indeed, a shorter duration of trastuzumab can reduce cardiotoxicity and the costs involved and could provide the same benefit as a one-year treatment. We evaluated the available evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) by comparing 1 year versus a shorter duration of adjuvant trastuzumab for HER2+ BC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library and conference proceedings was carried out in order to identify the RCTs that investigated a standard versus a shorter duration of adjuvant trastuzumab in HER2+ BC patients...
October 13, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Beatrice De Felice, Renato Bacchetta, Nadia Santo, Paolo Tremolada, Marco Parolini
A growing number of studies have highlighted the contamination and the effects towards organisms of diverse microplastics (μPs) in the marine environment. Surprisingly, although the main sources of μPs for marine environments are inland surface waters, the information on the occurrence and the effects of μPs in freshwater ecosystems is still scant. Thus, the aim of the present work is to investigate the ingestion and possible adverse effects due to the exposure to polystyrene μPs (PSμPs; Ø = 3 μm) on tadpoles of the Amphibian Xenopus laevis...
October 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mor Peleg, Wojtek Michalowski, Szymon Wilk, Enea Parimbelli, Silvia Bonaccio, Dympna O'Sullivan, Martin Michalowski, Silvana Quaglini, Marc Carrier
Poor patient compliance to therapy results in a worsening condition that often increases healthcare costs. In the MobiGuide project, we developed an evidence-based clinical decision-support system that delivered personalized reminders and recommendations to patients, helping to achieve higher therapy compliance. Yet compliance could still be improved and therefore building on the MobiGuide project experience, we designed a new component called the Motivational Patient Assistant (MPA) that is integrated within the MobiGuide architecture to further improve compliance...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Katharina Kerschan-Schindl, Gerold Ebenbichler, Wolfgang Gruther, Ursula Föger-Samwald, Stefan Kudlacek, Janina Patsch, Andreas Gleiss, Peter Jaksch, Walter Klepetko, Peter Pietschmann
Recipients of lung transplantation (LuTx) may experience impaired muscle function and bone metabolism even after rehabilitation. We investigated the potential use of musculoskeletal markers in identifying the impairment of muscle function and bone function in these patients. Biochemical parameters, bodily functions, and lung function of 37 LuTx recipients were evaluated at the time of their discharge from the hospital stay and about 6 months later. The biomarkers were also assessed in 30 healthy age and gender distribution-matched controls...
October 13, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Weiwei Shan, Yue Shi, Qin Zhu, Bingyi Yang, Liying Xie, Bing Li, Chengcheng Ning, Qiaoying Lv, Yali Cheng, Bingying Xie, Mingzhu Bai, Yuhui Xu, Xiaojun Chen, Xuezhen Luo
OBJECTIVES: Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare condition and the recognition of this condition is limited. Here we report five cases of uterine PEComa to add to the limited understanding of this rare condition. METHODS: Five cases from Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University were diagnosed as uterine PEComas. We collected the patients' clinical and pathological data as well as their outcomes. RESULTS: All the five cases were diagnosed post-operationally...
October 13, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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