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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30275948/nutrition-and-listeriosis-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
L J Moran, Y Verwiel, M Bahri Khomami, T J Roseboom, R C Painter
Listeriosis is a rare but severe foodborne illness which is more common in populations such as pregnant women, and can result in serious complications including miscarriage, prematurity, maternal and neonatal sepsis, and death in the newborn. Population recommendations exist for specific foods and food preparation practices to reduce listeriosis risk during pregnancy. The aim of the present systematic review was to assess the association between listeriosis and these practices during pregnancy to confirm appropriateness of these recommendations...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30241875/deprescribing-guidelines-an-international-symposium-on-development-implementation-research-and-health-professional-education
#2
Barbara Farrell, James Conklin, Lisa Dolovich, Hannah Irving, Malcolm Maclure, Lisa McCarthy, Frank Moriarty, Kevin Pottie, Lalitha Raman-Wilms, Emily Reeve, Wade Thompson
Deprescribing is a clinically important and feasible innovation that ensures medication efficacy, reduces harms, and mitigates polypharmacy. It involves reducing doses or stopping medications that are not useful, no longer needed, or which may be causing harm. It may also involve changing to a safer agent or using non-pharmacological approaches for care instead. Clinical guidelines combined with behaviour changes (of health care providers (HCPs), the public, and health care decision-makers) are needed to integrate deprescribing into routine practice...
September 18, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121241/interventional-therapy-versus-medical-therapy-for-secundum-atrial-septal-defect-a-systematic-review-part-2-for-the-2018-aha-acc-guideline-for-the-management-of-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart
#3
Matthew Oster, Ami B Bhatt, Elisa Zaragoza-Macias, Nandini Dendukuri, Ariane Marelli
Secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) is the most common adult congenital heart defect and can present with wide variation in clinical findings. With the intention of preventing morbidity and mortality associated with late presentation of ASD, consensus guidelines have recommended surgical or percutaneous ASD closure in adults with right heart enlargement, with or without symptoms. The aim of the present analysis was to determine if the protective effect of secundum ASD closure in adults could be qualified by pooling data from published studies...
August 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121238/medical-therapy-for-systemic-right-ventricles-a-systematic-review-part-1-for-the-2018-aha-acc-guideline-for-the-management-of-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical
#4
Elisa Zaragoza-Macias, Ali N Zaidi, Nandini Dendukuri, Ariane Marelli
Patients with systemic morphological right ventricles (RVs), including congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries and dextro-transposition of the great arteries with a Mustard or Senning atrial baffle repair, have a high likelihood of developing systemic ventricular dysfunction. Unfortunately, there are a limited number of clinical studies on the efficacy of medical therapy for systemic RV dysfunction. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs), beta blockers, and aldosterone antagonists in adults with systemic RVs...
August 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452202/effectiveness-of-indoor-allergen-reduction-in-asthma-management-a-systematic-review
#5
Brian F Leas, Kristen E D'Anci, Andrea J Apter, Tyra Bryant-Stephens, Marcus P Lynch, Janice L Kaczmarek, Craig A Umscheid
BACKGROUND: This review will inform updated National Asthma Education and Prevention Program clinical practice guidelines. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of allergen reduction interventions on asthma outcomes. METHODS: We systematically searched the "gray literature" and 5 bibliographic databases. Eligible studies included systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, and nonrandomized interventional studies...
May 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634117/to-assess-the-effects-of-parathyroidectomy-tptx-versus-tptx-at-for-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-chronic-renal-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Miao-E Liu, Nian-Cun Qiu, Si-Luo Zha, Zhi-Peng Du, Yi-Fan Wang, Qiang Wang, Qi Chen, Xiao-Xia Cen, Ying Jiang, Qiong Luo, Cheng-Xiang Shan, Ming Qiu
BACKGROUND: Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) requiring parathyroidectomy (PTX) occurs more commonly in patients with progressive chronic kidney disease and in those on long-term lithium therapy. Successful PTX often results in a dramatic drop of parathyroid hormone level, relieves the patient from clinical symptoms, and reduces mortality. However, there is an ongoing debate on the optimal surgical treatment of SHPT. Currently, no clinical guidelines or trials have definitely answered the question of whether Total Parathyroidectomy (TPTX) is superior or equal to Total Parathyroidectomy with Autotransplantation (TPTX + AT)...
August 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592406/factors-influencing-practice-variation-in-the-management-of-nephrotic-syndrome-a-qualitative-study-of-pediatric-nephrology-care-providers
#7
Susan M Samuel, Rachel Flynn, Michael Zappitelli, Allison Dart, Rulan Parekh, Maury Pinsk, Cherry Mammen, Andrew Wade, Shannon D Scott
BACKGROUND: Treatment protocols for childhood nephrotic syndrome are highly variable between providers and care centres. We conducted a qualitative study to understand the complex multilevel processes that lead to practice variation and influence provider management of nephrotic syndrome. METHODS: Focus groups with multidisciplinary pediatric nephrology care providers ( n = 67) from 10 Canadian pediatric nephrology centres that had more than 1 pediatric nephrologist were conducted between September 2013 and April 2015...
June 7, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288056/ottawa-criteria-for-appropriate-transfusions-in-hepatectomy-using-the-rand-ucla-appropriateness-method
#8
Sean Bennett, Alan Tinmouth, Daniel I McIsaac, Shane English, Paul C Hébert, Paul J Karanicolas, Alexis F Turgeon, Jeffrey Barkun, Timothy M Pawlik, Dean Fergusson, Guillaume Martel
OBJECTIVE: Create practice guidelines for the appropriate use of red blood cell transfusions in hepatectomy. BACKGROUND: Hepatectomy is associated with a high prevalence of transfusions. A transfusion can be life-saving, but can be associated with important adverse effects. Given the prevalence, the potential for benefit and harm, and the difficulty in conducting clinical trials, transfusion in hepatectomy is well-suited for a study of appropriateness. METHODS: Using the RAND/UCLA appropriateness method, an international, multidisciplinary expert panel in hepatobiliary surgery, anesthesia, transfusion medicine, and critical care rated a series of 468 perioperative scenarios for transfusion appropriateness...
April 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183213/the-ottawa-panel-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-part-two-strengthening-exercise-programs
#9
REVIEW
Lucie Brosseau, Jade Taki, Brigit Desjardins, Odette Thevenot, Marlene Fransen, George A Wells, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Karine Toupin-April, Marie Westby, Inmaculada C Álvarez Gallardo, Wendy Gifford, Lucie Laferrière, Prinon Rahman, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Sabrina Cavallo, Shirin Mehdi Shallwani, Ala' Aburub, Kim L Bennell, Martin Van der Esch, Milena Simic, Sara McConnell, Alison Harmer, Glen P Kenny, Gail Paterson, Jean-Philippe Regnaux, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Linda McLean
OBJECTIVE: To identify effective strengthening exercise programs and provide rehabilitation teams and patients with updated, high-quality recommendations concerning traditional land-based exercises for knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A systematic search and adapted selection criteria included comparative controlled trials with strengthening exercise programs for patients with knee osteoarthritis. A panel of experts reached consensus on the recommendations using a Delphi survey...
May 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183194/the-ottawa-panel-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-part-three-aerobic-exercise-programs
#10
REVIEW
Lucie Brosseau, Jade Taki, Brigit Desjardins, Odette Thevenot, Marlene Fransen, George A Wells, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Karine Toupin-April, Marie Westby, Inmaculada C Álvarez Gallardo, Wendy Gifford, Lucie Laferrière, Prinon Rahman, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Sabrina Cavallo, Shirin Mehdi Shallwani, Ala' Aburub, Kim L Bennell, Martin Van der Esch, Milena Simic, Sara McConnell, Alison Harmer, Glen P Kenny, Gail Paterson, Jean-Philippe Regnaux, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Linda McLean
OBJECTIVES: To identify effective aerobic exercise programs and provide clinicians and patients with updated, high-quality recommendations concerning traditional land-based exercises for knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A systematic search and adapted selection criteria included comparative controlled trials with strengthening exercise programs for patients with knee osteoarthritis. A panel of experts reached consensus on the recommendations using a Delphi survey. A hierarchical alphabetical grading system (A, B, C+, C, D, D+, or D-) was used, based on statistical significance ( P < 0...
May 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183188/the-ottawa-panel-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-part-one-introduction-and-mind-body-exercise-programs
#11
REVIEW
Lucie Brosseau, Jade Taki, Brigit Desjardins, Odette Thevenot, Marlene Fransen, George A Wells, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Karine Toupin-April, Marie Westby, Inmaculada C Álvarez Gallardo, Wendy Gifford, Lucie Laferrière, Prinon Rahman, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Sabrina Cavallo, Shirin Mehdi Shallwani, Ala' Aburub, Kim L Bennell, Martin Van der Esch, Milena Simic, Sara McConnell, Alison Harmer, Glen P Kenny, Gail Paterson, Jean-Philippe Regnaux, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Linda McLean
OBJECTIVE: To identify effective mind-body exercise programs and provide clinicians and patients with updated, high-quality recommendations concerning non-traditional land-based exercises for knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A systematic search and adapted selection criteria included comparative controlled trials with mind-body exercise programs for patients with knee osteoarthritis. A panel of experts reached consensus on the recommendations using a Delphi survey...
May 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932265/ottawa-panel-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-structured-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#12
REVIEW
Sabrina Cavallo, Lucie Brosseau, Karine Toupin-April, George A Wells, Christine A Smith, Arlanna G Pugh, Jennifer Stinson, Roanne Thomas, Sara Ahmed, Ciarán M Duffy, Prinon Rahman, Inmaculada C Àlvarez-Gallardo, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Annette Majnemer, Isabelle J Gagnon, Désirée Maltais, Marie-Ève Mathieu, Glen P Kenny, Susan Tupper, Kristi Whitney-Mahoney, Sarah Bigford
OBJECTIVE: To create guidelines focused on the use of structured physical activity (PA) in the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted using the electronic databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), and Physiotherapy Evidence Database for all studies related to PA programs for JIA from January 1966 until December 2014, and was updated in May 2015...
May 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585691/development-and-alpha-testing-of-a-stepped-decision-aid-for-patients-considering-nonsurgical-options-for-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-management
#13
Karine Toupin April, Tamara Rader, Gillian A Hawker, Dawn Stacey, Annette M O'Connor, Vivian Welch, Anne Lyddiatt, Jessie McGowan, J Carter Thorne, Carol Bennett, Jordi Pardo Pardo, George A Wells, Peter Tugwell
OBJECTIVE: To develop an innovative stepped patient decision aid (StDA) comparing the benefits and harms of 13 nonsurgical treatment options for managing osteoarthritis (OA) and to evaluate its acceptability and effects on informed decision making. METHODS: Guided by the Ottawa Decision Support Framework and the International Patient Decision Aid Standards, the process involved (1) developing a decision aid with evidence on 13 nonsurgical treatments from the 2012 American College of Rheumatology OA clinical practice guidelines; and (2) interviewing patients with OA and healthcare providers to test its acceptability and effects on knowledge and decisional conflict...
October 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166205/safety-and-use-of-anticoagulation-after-aortic-valve-replacement-with-bioprostheses-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Haris Riaz, Shehab Ahmad Redha Alansari, Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Talha Riaz, Sajjad Raza, Faraz Khan Luni, Abdur Rahman Khan, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Richard A Krasuski
BACKGROUND: The American College of Cardiology guidelines recommend 3 months of anticoagulation after replacement of the aortic valve with a bioprosthesis. However, there remains great variability in the current clinical practice and conflicting results from clinical studies. To assist clinical decision making, we pooled the existing evidence to assess whether anticoagulation in the setting of a new bioprosthesis was associated with improved outcomes or greater risk of bleeding. METHODS AND RESULTS: We searched the PubMed database from the inception of these databases until April 2015 to identify original studies (observational studies or clinical trials) that assessed anticoagulation with warfarin in comparison with either aspirin or no antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy...
May 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098125/regional-versus-general-anaesthesia-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-hip-fracture-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Joyce Yeung, Vanisha Patel, Rita Champaneria, Janine Dretzke
BACKGROUND: With an ageing population, the incidence of hip fractures requiring surgery is increasing. Post-operative delirium is common following hip fracture surgery. Delirium is associated with high mortality and morbidity, poor long-term functional outcomes and institutionalisation. There is some evidence to suggest that perioperative intervention, specifically the anaesthetic technique employed, may reduce the incidence of delirium in this population. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the impact of anaesthesia type on post-operative delirium...
April 21, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26707409/ottawa-panel-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-foot-care-in-the-management-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#16
REVIEW
Lucie Brosseau, Karine Toupin-April, George Wells, Christine A Smith, Arlanna G Pugh, Jennifer N Stinson, Ciarán M Duffy, Wendy Gifford, David Moher, Catherine Sherrington, Sabrina Cavallo, Gino De Angelis, Laurianne Loew, Prinon Rahman, Rachel Marcotte, Jade Taki, Jacinthe Bisaillon, Judy King, Andrea Coda, Gordon J Hendry, Julie Gauvreau, Martin Hayles, Kay Hayles, Brian Feldman, Glen P Kenny, Jing Xian Li, Andrew M Briggs, Rose Martini, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Désirée B Maltais, Susan Tupper, Sarah Bigford, Marg Bisch
OBJECTIVE: To create evidence-based guidelines evaluating foot care interventions for the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: An electronic literature search of the following databases from database inception to May 2015 was conducted: MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), Cochrane CENTRAL, and clinicaltrials.gov. STUDY SELECTION: The Ottawa Panel selection criteria targeted studies that assessed foot care or foot orthotic interventions for the management of JIA in those aged 0 to ≤18 years...
July 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26682677/impact-of-a-clinical-decision-support-tool-on-adherence-to-the-ottawa-ankle-rules
#17
Patricia C Silveira, Ivan K Ip, Siobhan Sumption, Ali S Raja, Shahein Tajmir, Ramin Khorasani
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to determine impact of a clinical decision support (CDS) tool on documented adherence to the Ottawa Ankle Rules (OAR) and utilization and yield of ankle/foot radiography, for emergency department patients with acute ankle injury. METHODS: This is a before-and-after intervention study conducted at a 793-bed, quaternary care, academic hospital from August 2012 to October 2013. Emergency department visits from adults with acute ankle injury 6 months before and 8 months after the intervention were included...
March 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26485456/rotational-vaginal-delivery-with-kielland-s-forceps-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-effectiveness-and-safety-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Bassel H Al Wattar, Baihas Al Wattar, Ioanis Gallos, Alexander M Pirie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The use of Kielland's forceps has declined significantly in the last three decades. There is a lack of quality evidence on potential benefits and harms associated with using these forceps. We have performed a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis to assess the safety and efficacy of using Kielland's forceps. RECENT FINDINGS: We have searched electronic databases for all clinical studies reporting primary data on using Kielland's forceps and assessed their risk of bias using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
December 2015: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26400851/ottawa-panel-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-therapeutic-exercise-in-the-management-of-hip-osteoarthritis
#19
Lucie Brosseau, George A Wells, Arlanna G Pugh, Christine Am Smith, Prinon Rahman, Inmaculada C Àlvarez Gallardo, Karine Toupin-April, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Sabrina Cavallo, Jade Taki, Rachel Marcotte, Marlene Fransen, Gabriela Hernandez-Molina, Glen P Kenny, Jean-Philippe Regnaux, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Sydney Brooks, Lucie Laferriere, Linda McLean, Guy Longchamp
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to identify effective land-based therapeutic exercise interventions and provide evidence-based recommendations for managing hip osteoarthritis. A secondary objective is to develop an Ottawa Panel evidence-based clinical practice guideline for hip osteoarthritis. METHODS: The search strategy and modified selection criteria from a Cochrane review were used. Studies included hip osteoarthritis patients in comparative controlled trials with therapeutic exercise interventions...
October 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25935824/acr-appropriateness-criteria-acute-trauma-to-the-foot
#20
REVIEW
Laura W Bancroft, Mark J Kransdorf, Ronald Adler, Marc Appel, Francesca D Beaman, Stephanie A Bernard, Michael A Bruno, Molly E Dempsey, Ian B Fries, Viviane Khoury, Bharti Khurana, Timothy J Mosher, Catherine C Roberts, Michael J Tuite, Robert J Ward, Adam C Zoga, Barbara N Weissman
This ACR Appropriateness Criteria article offers imaging triage guidance for several variants of patients presenting with acute foot trauma. Patients meeting inclusion criteria for the Ottawa Rules should undergo a 3-view radiographic series. Diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy should undergo radiography, even though they do not meet the Ottawa Rules inclusion criteria. Patients with suspected midfoot and/or Lisfranc injury should undergo 3-view radiographs with weight bearing on at least the anterior-posterior view...
June 2015: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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