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Home oxygen in preterm infants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30534411/reinforcing-kangaroo-mother-care-uptake-in-resource-limited-settings
#1
Subhashchandra Daga
Background: The national and global coverage of kangaroo mother care (KMC) remains low. Hence, adjuncts to KMC may be necessary, especially on day1 of life when neonatal mortality is high. It is important to provide warmth and reduce mortality in preterm low birth weight (LBW) infants in the community/hospital setting. In this manuscript, the outcome of using a Styrofoam box (SB) for LBW infants in various situations in India, such as in a home-setting in tribal/extra-remote areas, at a primary health center in tribal/extra-remote areas and at a referral hospital, is presented...
2018: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107239/the-optimization-of-home-oxygen-weaning-in-premature-infants-trial-design-rationale-methods-and-lessons-learned
#2
Alexander Procaskey, Heather White, Tregony Simoneau, Nadav Traeger, Thomas Lahiri, Elie G Abu Jawdeh, Ted Kremer, Catherine Sheils, Kathleen Meyer, Ted Rosenkrantz, Sankaran Krishnan, Tyler Hartman, Henry Feldman, Lawrence Rhein
Improved survival among preterm infants has led to an increase in diagnosis of chronic lung disease and infants discharged home from the NICU on supplemental oxygen. Despite this increased prevalence, no clearly defined guidelines for the management of home oxygen therapy (HOT) exist. This lack of consensus leads to significant variability in the duration of home oxygen therapy and a general paucity of evidence-based practice. Our team has identified recorded home oxygen therapy (RHO) as a potential new resource to guide clinical decision making in the outpatient pulmonology clinic...
August 11, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944776/neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-in-extremely-low-birthweight-infants
#3
Arata Oda, Yoshiya Kamei, Takehiko Hiroma, Tomohiko Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is expected to improve respiratory outcomes in preterm infants, but it has not yet been evaluated. We investigated whether NAVA could improve respiratory outcomes and reduce sedation use in extremely low-birthweight infants (ELBWI). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted based on patient charts at the Nagano Children's Hospital neonatal intensive care unit, Japan. Infants who were born at <27 weeks' gestation were included...
September 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762884/the-use-of-overnight-oximetry-in-neonates-a-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Anndrea Flint, Mark W Davies
There is much debate between neonatologists and paediatricians about appropriate oxygen saturation targets for babies with chronic neonatal lung disease (CNLD). Overnight oximetry is used to guide the fraction of inspired oxygen to use. We did this literature review to examine the current literature on the use of overnight oximetry in term infants, preterm infants and babies with CNLD (especially relevant to ex-preterm babies with CNLD going home on oxygen). We reviewed the literature from January 1990 to October 2017 by searching the following databases: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, The Joanna Briggs Institute, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus, EMBASE, ProQuest and Science Direct...
July 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679045/trends-in-the-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-among-preterm-infants-from-2003-2012-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-japan
#5
Hidehiko Nakanishi, Hideyo Suenaga, Atsushi Uchiyama, Yumi Kono, Satoshi Kusuda
OBJECTIVES: To determine the trends in mortality and the prevalence of abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes among preterm Japanese infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective multicenter cohort of 30,793 preterm infants born at a gestational age ≤32 weeks, between 2003 and 2012, in the Neonatal Research Network, Japan, was evaluated in the primary analysis. Finally, 13,661 infants were followed-up until 3 years of age and evaluated for neurodevelopmental outcomes, including cerebral palsy (CP), home oxygen therapy (HOT) use, and visual, hearing, and cognitive impairments...
July 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610158/lung-volume-reduction-surgery-for-respiratory-failure-in-infants-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#6
Bongyeon Sohn, Samina Park, In Kyu Park, Young Tae Kim, June Dong Park, Sung-Hye Park, Chang Hyun Kang
Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) can be performed in patients with severe emphysematous disease. However, LVRS in pediatric patients has not yet been reported. Here, we report our experience with 2 cases of pediatric LVRS. The first patient was a preterm infant girl with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia, pulmonary hypertension, and hypothyroidism. The emphysematous portion of the right lung was removed via sternotomy and right hemiclamshell incision. The patient was discharged on full-time home ventilator support for 3 months after the surgery...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558222/high-frequency-jet-ventilation-in-preterm-infants-experience-from-western-australia
#7
Ajay P Anvekar, Piyush S Shah, Elizabeth A Nathan, Dorota A Doherty, Sanjay K Patole, Karen N Simmer
OBJECTIVE: To assess if high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) is associated with reduced odds of death or discharge home on oxygen in preterm infants. METHODS: A case control study (1 February 2010 - 1 June 2014) comparing the primary outcome as "death or discharge home on oxygen" in preterm infants who needed HFJV (Cases) versus those who did not (Controls). Controls were matched to cases (1:1) on gestation, birthweight, gender, place of birth, growth status, antenatal glucocorticoids, and dexamethasone as treatment for severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514655/respiratory-morbidity-through-the-first-decade-of-life-in-a-national-cohort-of-children-born-extremely-preterm
#8
Kaia Skromme, Maria Vollsæter, Knut Øymar, Trond Markestad, Thomas Halvorsen
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal care have markedly increased the prospects of survival for infants born extremely preterm (EP). The aim of this study was to investigate hospitalisation rates and respiratory morbidity from five to 11 years of age in a prospective national cohort of EP children born in the surfactant era. METHODS: This was a national prospective cohort study of all children born in Norway during 1999 and 2000 with gestational age (GA) < 28 weeks or birth weight < 1000 grams, and of individually matched term-born controls recruited for a regional subsample...
March 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476622/24-hour-oxygen-saturation-recordings-in-preterm-infants-editing-artefact
#9
Grace Wellington, Dawn Elder, Angela Campbell
AIM: To create editing guidelines for artefact removal in preterm infant pulse oximetry recordings. METHODS: 38 preterm infants ready for discharge home from the neonatal intensive care unit underwent 24-hour pulse oximetry recording using the Masimo® Rad-8 device. An expert panel determined editing rules based on clinical protocols. For each recording, three reports were generated, 'raw' no editing, 'auto' using the software editing feature and 'manual' reviewed and edited according to the rules...
August 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453434/post-ligation-cardiac-syndrome-is-associated-with-increased-morbidity-in-preterm-infants
#10
Timothy J B Ulrich, Taylor P Hansen, Kimberly J Reid, Michael A Bingler, Steven L Olsen
OBJECTIVE: The influence of post-ligation cardiac syndrome (PLCS), a complication of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligations, on neonatal outcomes is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the risks of PLCS on severe pulmonary morbidity and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of infants who underwent a PDA ligation between 2006 and 2015. Data were collected on patients with and without PLCS. The primary outcome was the difference in severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) between groups...
May 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298856/persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn-in-extremely-preterm-infants-a-japanese-cohort-study
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Hidehiko Nakanishi, Hideyo Suenaga, Atsushi Uchiyama, Satoshi Kusuda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) in extremely preterm infants and its impact on neurodevelopmental outcomes at 3 years of age. DESIGN: A retrospective multicentre cohort study. SETTINGS: 202 tertiary perinatal centres registered in the Neonatal Research Network of Japan (NRNJ). PATIENTS: Infants born at <28 weeks of gestational age (GA), between 2003 and 2012, were extracted from tertiary perinatal centres participating in NRNJ...
November 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063594/late-7-days-systemic-postnatal-corticosteroids-for-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants
#12
REVIEW
Lex W Doyle, Jeanie L Cheong, Richard A Ehrenkranz, Henry L Halliday
BACKGROUND: Many preterm infants who survive go on to develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia, probably as the result of persistent inflammation in the lungs. Corticosteroids have powerful anti-inflammatory effects and have been used to treat individuals with established bronchopulmonary dysplasia. However, it is unclear whether any beneficial effects outweigh the adverse effects of these drugs. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relative benefits and adverse effects of late systemic postnatal corticosteroid treatment (> 7 days) for preterm infants with evolving or established bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
October 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973344/effect-of-inhaled-nitric-oxide-on-survival-without-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shabih U Hasan, Jim Potenziano, Girija G Konduri, Jose A Perez, Krisa P Van Meurs, M Whit Walker, Bradley A Yoder
Importance: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) occurs in approximately 40% of infants born at younger than 30 weeks' gestation and is associated with adverse pulmonary and neurodevelopmental outcomes. Objective: To test whether administration of inhaled nitric oxide to preterm infants requiring positive pressure respiratory support on postnatal days 5 to 14 improves the rate of survival without BPD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This intent-to-treat study was a randomized clinical trial performed at 33 US and Canadian neonatal intensive care units...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796690/human-metapneumovirus-infection-and-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-during-pregnancy
#14
Alina Fuchs, Rodney McLaren, Paul Saunders, Scarlett Karakash, Howard Minkoff
BACKGROUND: Human metapneumovirus has recently been recognized as an important cause of severe respiratory viral infections and of viral infections in patients admitted to intensive care units. Little is known about the course of this infection in pregnancy. CASE: A late-preterm primigravid woman was admitted to the intensive care unit for acute respiratory distress syndrome and subsequently diagnosed with human metapneumovirus. Because of worsening maternal respiratory status, she was intubated and a primary cesarean delivery was performed...
September 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711234/sleep-related-breathing-disorders-and-indications-for-polysomnography-in-preterm-infants
#15
REVIEW
Koen Joosten, Robbin de Goederen, Angelique Pijpers, Karel Allegaert
There is a range of breathing problems which occur and may persist in preterm infants, such as central apneas, obstructive apneas and periodic breathing. Preterm infants may also suffer from respiratory distress syndrome and chronic lung disease necessitating prolonged use of oxygen therapy after discharge from the hospital. Due to these persistent breathing pattern abnormalities in preterm infants, there is a higher risk of altered sleep and apparent life threatening events. Polysomnography can be a helpful tool to identify those infants who have abnormalities in their breathing pattern, to identify those infants who have an increased risk to get a sleep related breathing event at home and to decide about the discontinuation of oxygen therapy...
October 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355511/docosahexaenoic-acid-and-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carmel T Collins, Maria Makrides, Andrew J McPhee, Thomas R Sullivan, Peter G Davis, Marta Thio, Karen Simmer, Victor S Rajadurai, Javeed Travadi, Mary J Berry, Helen G Liley, Gillian F Opie, Kenneth Tan, Kei Lui, Scott A Morris, Jacqueline Stack, Michael J Stark, Mei-Chien Chua, Pooja A Jayagobi, James Holberton, Srinivas Bolisetty, Ian R Callander, Deborah L Harris, Robert A Gibson
BACKGROUND: Studies in animals and in humans have suggested that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid, might reduce the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, but appropriately designed trials are lacking. METHODS: We randomly assigned 1273 infants born before 29 weeks of gestation (stratified according to sex, gestational age [<27 weeks or 27 to <29 weeks], and center) within 3 days after their first enteral feeding to receive either an enteral emulsion providing DHA at a dose of 60 mg per kilogram of body weight per day or a control (soy) emulsion without DHA until 36 weeks of postmenstrual age...
March 30, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003553/economics-of-home-monitoring-for-apnea-in-late-preterm-infants
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Brian L Montenegro, Michael Amberson, Lauren Veit, Christina Freiberger, Dmitry Dukhovny, Lawrence M Rhein
BACKGROUND: Apnea of prematurity affects a small proportion but large absolute number of late preterm infants, with out-patient management variably utilized despite relative clinical equipoise and potential for improved cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Over a 5-y period, from 2009 to 2013, infants born at ≥34 weeks gestational age at a level IIIB academic center in Boston, Massachusetts, with discharge-delaying apnea, bradycardia, and desaturation (ABD) events were identified...
January 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760764/bnp-troponin-i-and-ykl-40-as-screening-markers-in-extremely-preterm-infants-at-risk-for-pulmonary-hypertension-associated-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#18
Kai König, Katelyn J Guy, Claudia A Nold-Petry, Charles P Barfield, Geraldine Walsh, Sandra M Drew, Alex Veldman, Marcel F Nold, Dan M Casalaz
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is often complicated by pulmonary hypertension (PH). We investigated three biomarkers potentially suitable as screening markers for extremely preterm infants at risk of BPD-associated PH. In this prospective observational cohort study conducted in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit, 83 preterm infants with BPD born <28-wk gestation and still inpatients at 36-wk corrected age received an echocardiogram and blood tests of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), troponin I, and YKL-40...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716811/risk-factors-and-clinical-outcomes-in-preterm-infants-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#19
Joseph M Collaco, Gul H Dadlani, Melanie K Nies, Jenny Leshko, Allen D Everett, Sharon A McGrath-Morrow
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a significant cause of morbidity in preterm infants, but no screening guidelines exist. We sought to identify risk factors and clinical outcomes associated with PH in preterm infants to develop a PH risk score. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of two separate populations of preterm infants (NICU cohort n = 230; Clinic registry n = 580). RESULTS: 8.3% of the NICU cohort had PH after 4 weeks of age, while 14...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439632/neonatal-outcomes-after-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-before-24-weeks-gestation
#20
Linda M McLaughlin, Glenn J Gardener
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine neonatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM) before 24 weeks' gestation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of medical records over a 5-year period (2007-2011) at Mater Health Services, South Brisbane, Australia. Data relating to the antenatal and perinatal course of pregnancies complicated by PROM before 24 weeks' gestation were collected. Data were also collected on neonatal diagnoses, management and outcomes for all liveborn infants resulting from these pregnancies...
July 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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