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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089075/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-pregnancy-and-lactation-and-infant-growth
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daniel E Roth, Shaun K Morris, Stanley Zlotkin, Alison D Gernand, Tahmeed Ahmed, Shaila S Shanta, Eszter Papp, Jill Korsiak, Joy Shi, M Munirul Islam, Ishrat Jahan, Farhana K Keya, Andrew R Willan, Rosanna Weksberg, Minhazul Mohsin, Qazi S Rahman, Prakesh S Shah, Kellie E Murphy, Jennifer Stimec, Lisa G Pell, Huma Qamar, Abdullah Al Mahmud
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether maternal vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy and lactation improves fetal and infant growth in regions where vitamin D deficiency is common. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in Bangladesh to assess the effects of weekly prenatal vitamin D supplementation (from 17 to 24 weeks of gestation until birth) and postpartum vitamin D supplementation on the primary outcome of infants' length-for-age z scores at 1 year according to World Health Organization (WHO) child growth standards...
August 9, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056389/-t-rial-of-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-routine-low-dose-aspirin-versus-e-arly-s-creening-t-est-indicated-aspirin-for-pre-eclampsia-prevention-test-study-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Fionnuala Mone, Cecilia Mulcahy, Peter McParland, Fionnuala Breathnach, Paul Downey, Dorothy McCormack, Marie Culliton, Alice Stanton, Fiona Cody, John J Morrison, Sean Daly, John Higgins, Amanda Cotter, Alyson Hunter, Elizabeth C Tully, Patrick Dicker, Zarko Alfirevic, Fergal D Malone, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of routine aspirin in low-risk women, compared with screening-test indicated aspirin for the prevention of pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction. DESIGN: Multicentre open-label feasibility randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Two tertiary maternity hospitals in Dublin, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 546 low-risk nulliparous women completed the study. INTERVENTIONS: Women underwent computerised randomisation to: Group 1-routine aspirin 75 mg from 11 until 36 weeks; Group 2-no aspirin and; Group 3-aspirin based on the Fetal Medicine Foundation screening test...
July 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30011404/first-trimester-combined-screening-test-for-aneuploidies-in-brazilian-unselected-pregnancies-diagnostic-performance-of-fetal-medicine-foundation-algorithm
#3
Laila Pinheiro Abi Abib, Renato Augusto Moreira de Sá, Fernando Maia Peixoto-Filho
OBJECTIVE:  The main objective of this study was to examine the diagnostic performance of the first-trimester combined test for aneuploidies in unselected pregnancies from Rio de Janeiro and compare it with the examples available in the literature. METHODS:  We investigated 3,639 patients submitted to aneuploidy screening from February 2009 to September 2015. The examination is composed of the Fetal Medicine Foundation risk evaluation based on nuchal translucency evaluation, mother's age, presence of risk factors, presence of the nasal bone and Doppler of the ductus venous in addition to biochemical analysis of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) markers...
July 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29975770/twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-screening-and-diagnosis-in-the-united-states-a-triangulation-design-of-patient-experiences
#4
Rebecca Fischbein, Lauren Nicholas, Julie Aultman, Kristin Baughman, Lynn Falletta
OBJECTIVE: Using patient-reported experiences, this study: 1) quantitatively evaluated TTTS screening trends, 2) examined screening and diagnostic experiences using a mixed methods approach, and 3) determined gaps in clinical care experiences. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. Data was collected using a self-report, retrospective survey. A triangulation design was used to validate quantitative survey data with thematically analyzed qualitative data. SETTING: Participants were recruited through social media and national foundations and completed the survey online...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939354/igf2-derived-mir-483-3p-contributes-to-macrosomia-through-regulating-trophoblast-proliferation-by-targeting-rb1cc1
#5
Jing Li, Ziqiang Fu, Hua Jiang, Liping Chen, Xian Wu, Hongjuan Ding, Yankai Xia, Xinru Wang, Qiuqin Tang, Wei Wu
STUDY QUESTION: What is the role of insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2)-derived miR-483-3p in macrosomia? SUMMARY ANSWER: IGF2-derived intronic miR-483-3p is overexpressed in macrosomia placentas, and miR-483-3p prompts HTR-8/SVneo extravillous trophoblast cell line proliferation through down-regulation of its target RB1 inducible coiled-coil 1 (RB1CC1). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Macrosomia is a common pregnancy-associated disease and causes a number of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes...
June 25, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934544/the-asd-living-biology-from-cell-proliferation-to-clinical-phenotype
#6
REVIEW
Eric Courchesne, Tiziano Pramparo, Vahid H Gazestani, Michael V Lombardo, Karen Pierce, Nathan E Lewis
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has captured the attention of scientists, clinicians and the lay public because of its uncertain origins and striking and unexplained clinical heterogeneity. Here we review genetic, genomic, cellular, postmortem, animal model, and cell model evidence that shows ASD begins in the womb. This evidence leads to a new theory that ASD is a multistage, progressive disorder of brain development, spanning nearly all of prenatal life. ASD can begin as early as the 1st and 2nd trimester with disruption of cell proliferation and differentiation...
June 22, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917286/quality-assessment-of-uterine-artery-doppler-measurement-in-first-trimester-combined-screening-for-pre-eclampsia
#7
Daniel L Rolnik, Fabricio da Silva Costa, Daljit Sahota, Jon Hyett, Andrew McLennan
AIM: To assess the quality of mean uterine artery pulsatility index (UtAPI) measurement in a first trimester pre-eclampsia screening program. METHODS: Consecutive patients attending first trimester screening for fetal chromosomal abnormalities also had combined screening for pre-eclampsia based on the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) algorithm, in a large practice in Sydney, Australia, from May 2014 to February 2017. Distributions of mean UtAPI multiples of the median (MoM) on the logarithmic scale were plotted in relation to the normal median with 95% confidence interval (CI) for each operator and for each month...
June 19, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786509/-targeted-screening-for-pre-eclampsia-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-at-toulouse-university-hospital
#8
A Genoux, P Guerby, M Morin, B Perret, C Vayssière, S M Hamdi
GOALS: Preeclampsia (PE) is a leading cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Early treatment by aspirin has been shown to significantly reduce PE risk before 37weeks supporting the implementation of first-trimester screening. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A targeted screening was recently implemented at Toulouse University Hospital for women in their first pregnancy or those with personal or familial history of PE. It uses Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) algorithm that combines maternal characteristics, clinical, biophysical and biochemical (PAPP-A, Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein-A, and PlGF, Placental Growth Factor) data...
June 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700870/the-cost-effectiveness-of-first-trimester-screening-and-early-preventative-use-of-aspirin-in-women-at-high-risk-of-early-onset-pre-eclampsia
#9
Dayne Ortved, T Lee-Ann Hawkins, Jo-Ann Johnson, Jon Hyett, Amy Metcalfe
OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclampsia (PE) remains a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. A first trimester screening algorithm predicting the risk of early onset PE has been developed and validated. Early prediction coupled with initiation of aspirin at 11 to 13 weeks in women identified as high risk is effective at reducing the prevalence of early onset PE. The aim of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of this first trimester screening program coupled with early use of low-dose aspirin in women at high risk of developing early onset PE versus current practice...
April 27, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696704/fetal-medicine-foundation-fetal-and-neonatal-population-weight-charts
#10
K H Nicolaides, D Wright, A Syngelaki, A Wright, R Akolekar
OBJECTIVE: To develop fetal and neonatal population weight charts. The rationale was that, while reference ranges of estimated fetal weight (EFW) are representative of the whole population, the traditional approach of deriving birth-weight (BW) charts is misleading, because a large proportion of babies born preterm arise from pathological pregnancy. We propose that the reference population for BW charts, as in the case of EFW charts, should comprise all babies at a given gestational age, including those still in utero...
July 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381473/low-dose-aspirin-for-preventing-fetal-growth-restriction-a-randomised-trial
#11
Anca-Daniela Stanescu, Roxana Banica, Romina-Marina Sima, Liana Ples
The purpose of this study was to investigate when in pregnancy to stop the administration of low dose aspirin (150 mg/daily) so as to prevent fetal growth restriction (FGR) A randomised, placebo-controlled study was designed. The patients were all screened positive using the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) early pregnancy screening test for preeclampsia (PE) and FGR prediction. One hundred and fifty patients were enrolled and divided equally into three groups: A - the controls who received placebo treatment; B - those who received aspirin till 32 weeks of gestation and C - those who received aspirin till 36 weeks of gestation...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380918/aspre-trial-incidence-of-preterm-pre-eclampsia-in-patients-fulfilling-acog-and-nice-criteria-according-to-risk-by-fmf-algorithm
#12
L C Poon, D L Rolnik, M Y Tan, J L Delgado, T Tsokaki, R Akolekar, M Singh, W Andrade, T Efeturk, J C Jani, W Plasencia, G Papaioannou, A R Blazquez, I F Carbone, D Wright, K H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence of preterm pre-eclampsia (PE) in women who are screen positive according to the criteria of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), and compare the incidence with that in those who are screen positive or screen negative by The Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) algorithm. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data from the ASPRE study. The study population consisted of women with singleton pregnancy who underwent prospective screening for preterm PE by means of the FMF algorithm, which combines maternal factors and biomarkers at 11-13 weeks' gestation...
June 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315690/joint-position-statement-from-the-international-society-for-prenatal-diagnosis-ispd-the-society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-smfm-and-the-perinatal-quality-foundation-pqf-on-the-use-of-genome-wide-sequencing-for-fetal-diagnosis
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082782/how-do-maternal-factors-impact-preeclampsia-prediction-in-brazilian-population
#14
Karina Bilda de Castro Rezende, Antônio José Ledo Alves da Cunha, Cristos Pritsivelis, Edson Chaves Faleiro, Joffre Amim Junior, Rita Guérios Bornia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impacts of maternal risk factors described by the Fetal Medicine Foundation's 2012 algorithm (FMF2012) in a Brazilian population. METHODS: All singleton pregnancies submitted to first-trimester preeclampsia (PE) screening using the FMF2012 algorithm were considered for study inclusion. Maternal factors, recorded via a patient questionnaire, were described and compared between PE outcome groups. A Gaussian regression model was derived to measure the effects of maternal factors, and to identify factors that contributed significantly (p < ...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032578/first-trimester-screening-for-pre-eclampsia-in-chinese-pregnancies-case-control-study
#15
Yky Cheng, T Y Leung, L W Law, Y H Ting, K M Law, D S Sahota
OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential of screening for pre-eclampsia (PE) in a Chinese population. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Teaching hospital in Hong Kong. POPULATION: A total of 3330 women having a viable singleton pregnancy attending first-trimester Down-syndrome screening. METHODS: Mean arterial pressure (MAP), bilateral uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI), and placental growth factor (PlGF) were measured...
March 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975128/specification-of-change-mechanisms-in-pregnant-smokers-for-malleable-target-identification-a-novel-approach-to-a-tenacious-public-health-problem
#16
Suena H Massey, Jean Decety, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren S Wakschlag
Maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) continues to be a leading modifiable risk factor for perinatal complications and a range of neurodevelopmental and cardio-metabolic outcomes across the lifespan. Despite 40 years of intervention research less than one in five pregnant smokers who receive an intervention quit by delivery. Within this context, recognition of pregnancy is commonly associated with abrupt suspension or reduction of smoking in the absence of intervention, yet has not been investigated as a volitional target...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961562/maternal-death-due-to-amniotic-fluid-embolism-a-national-study-in-france
#17
Marie-Pierre Bonnet, Diane Zlotnik, Monica Saucedo, Dominique Chassard, Marie-Hélène Bouvier-Colle, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux
BACKGROUND: A structured definition of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) based on 4 criteria was recently proposed for use in research by the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) and the Amniotic Fluid Embolism Foundation. The main objective of this study was to review all AFE-related maternal deaths in France during 2007-2011 according to the presence or not of all these 4 diagnostic criteria. METHODS: Maternal deaths due to AFE were identified by the national experts committee of the French Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths during 2007-2011 (n = 39)...
January 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960414/intraobserver-and-interobserver-reproducibility-of-third-trimester-uterine-artery-pulsatility-index
#18
Laura Marchi, Claudia Gaini, Chiara Franchi, Federico Mecacci, Caterina Bilardo, Lucia Pasquini
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the study was to investigate intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility of uterine artery (UtA) pulsatility index (PI) in the third trimester of pregnancy. The secondary aim of the study was to examine whether high maternal body mass index (BMI) or gestational age (GA) influence the reliability of this measurement. METHODS: Singleton pregnancies in women with known BMI were recruited between 30+0 and 40+0  weeks. UtA PI Doppler measurements were performed prospectively, independently, and blindly by 2 Fetal Medicine Foundation-accredited operators...
December 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889785/validation-of-fetal-medicine-foundation-algorithm-for-prediction-of-pre-eclampsia-in-the-first-trimester-in-an-unselected-brazilian-population
#19
Guilherme Antonio Rago Lobo, Paulo Martin Nowak, Ana Paula Panigassi, Angélia Iara Felipe Lima, Edward Araujo Júnior, Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza, David Baptista Silva Pares
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the predictive performance of the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) algorithm for prediction of preeclampsia (PE) between 11 and 14 weeks of gestation in an unselected Brazilian population. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study with 617 singleton pregnancies of unselected risk. Biophysical markers (mean pulsatility index, mean arterial pressure) and biochemical markers (placental growth factor (PLGF) and PAPP-A) were inserted into the FMF software and converted into multiples of the median (MoM)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871576/first-trimester-combined-screening-for-preeclampsia-and-small-for-gestational-age-a-single-centre-experience-and-validation-of-the-fmf-screening-algorithm
#20
Beatrice Mosimann, Chantal Pfiffner, Sofia Amylidi-Mohr, Lorenz Risch, Daniel Surbek, Luigi Raio
AIM OF THE STUDY: Preeclampsia (PE) is associated with severe maternal and fetal morbidity in the acute presentation and there is increasing evidence that it is also an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease later in life. Therefore, preventive strategies are of utmost importance. The Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) London recently developed a first trimester screening algorithm for placenta-related pregnancy complications, in particular early onset preeclampsia (eoPE) requiring delivery before 34 weeks, and preterm small for gestational age (pSGA), with a birth weight <5th percentile and delivery before 37 weeks of gestation, based on maternal history and characteristics, and biochemical and biophysical parameters...
2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
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