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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145512/impact-of-the-surgical-strategy-on-the-incidence-of-c5-nerve-root-palsy-in-decompressive-cervical-surgery
#1
Theresa Krätzig, Malte Mohme, Klaus C Mende, Sven O Eicker, Frank W Floeth
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify the impact of different surgical strategies on the incidence of C5 palsy. BACKGROUND: Degenerative cervical spinal stenosis is a steadily increasing morbidity in the ageing population. Postoperative C5 nerve root palsy is a common complication with severe impact on the patients´ quality of life. METHODS: We identified 1708 consecutive patients who underwent cervical decompression surgery due to degenerative changes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142629/a-prospective-study-with-cage-only-or-cage-with-plate-fixation-in-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-interbody-fusion-of-one-and-two-levels
#2
Sam Yeol Kim, Seung Hwan Yoon, Dokeun Kim, Chang Hyun Oh, Seyang Oh
Objective: The authors prospectively analyzed the effect of one-level or two-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), comparing stand-alone cages and cage-with-plate fixation constructs with respect to clinical outcomes and radiologic changes. Methods: A total of 84 patients who underwent one-level (n=52) or two-level ACDF (n=32) for cervical disc disease and who completed 2 years of follow-up were included in this study. The patients were divided by cervical level and grouped into ACDF-Cage-only and ACDF-Cage-with-plate groups...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142627/a-comparison-of-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-versus-fusion-combined-with-artificial-disc-replacement-for-treating-3-level-cervical-spondylotic-disease
#3
Seo-Ryang Jang, Sang-Bok Lee, Kyoung-Suok Cho
Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 3-level hybrid surgery (HS), which combines fusion and cervical disc replacement (CDR), compared to 3-level fusionin patient with cervical spondylosis involving 3 levels. Methods: Patients in the anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) group (n=30) underwent 3-level fusion and the HS group (n=19) underwent combined surgery with fusion and CDR. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the visual analogue scale for the arm, the neck disability index (NDI), Odom criteria and postoperative complications...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142619/the-formation-of-extragraft-bone-bridging-after-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-finite-element-analysis
#4
Shin Won Kwon, Chi Heon Kim, Chun Kee Chung, Tae Hyun Park, Su Heon Woo, Sung-Jae Lee, Seung Heon Yang
Objective: In addition to bone bridging inside a cage or graft (intragraft bone bridging, InGBB), extragraft bone bridging (ExGBB) is commonly observed after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with a stand-alone cage. However, solid bony fusion without the formation of ExGBB might be a desirable condition. We hypothesized that an insufficient contact area for InGBB might be a causative factor for ExGBB. The objective was to determine the minimal area of InGBB by finite element analysis...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137073/incidence-of-c5-nerve-root-palsy-after-cervical-surgery-a-meta-analysis-for-last-decade
#5
Tao Wang, Hui Wang, Sen Liu, Wen-Yuan Ding
PURPOSE: We aim to perform a meta-analysis on incidence of C5 nerve root palsy (C5 palsy) for patients after cervical surgery. METHODS: An extensive search of the literature was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane library, CNKI, and WANFANG databases on incidence of C5 palsy from January 2007 to January 2017. Prevalence of C5 palsy related to different surgery methods was calculated and data analysis was conducted with STATA 12.0. RESULTS: A total of 61 studies containing 721 patients with C5 palsy in total 11,481 patients (6...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128581/trends-in-resource-utilization-and-rate-of-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-and-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-throughout-the-united-states-from-2006-to-2013
#6
Comron Saifi, Arielle Fein, Alejandro Cazzulino, Ronald Lehman, Frank M Phillips, Howard S An, K Daniel Riew
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The typically accepted surgical procedure for cervical disc pathology has been the anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), although recent trials have demonstrated equivalent or improved outcomes with cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA). Trends for these two procedures regarding utilization, revision procedures, along with other demographic information have not been sufficiently explored. PURPOSE: To provide data regarding ACDF and CDA from 2006-2013 in the U...
November 8, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107718/rapid-progression-of-opll-after-acdf
#7
Tarush Rustagi, Fernando Alonso, Cameron Schmidt, Rod Oskouian, Jens R Chapman, R Shane Tubbs, Christian Fisahn
BACKGROUND: Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) has a reported incidence of 1.9 - 4.3%. Disease progression is associated with surgery, with most studies focusing on OPLL progression following laminoplasty. It is believed the continued range of motion following surgery places strain on adjacent levels, driving calcification of the ligament. We present a case of marked progression of OPLL at levels adjacent to a previous anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF)...
October 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101314/clinical-and-radiological-analysis-of-bryan-cervical-artificial-disc-replacement-for-skip-multi-segment-cervical-spondylosis-long-term-follow-up-results
#8
Zikun Shang, Yingze Zhang, Di Zhang, Wenyuan Ding, Yong Shen
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the clinical and radiological efficacy of Bryan cervical artificial disc replacement (ADR) for "skip" multi-segment cervical spondylosis (SCS). MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 49 patients with SCS treated with either Bryan cervical ADR (18 cases) or ACDF (31 cases). Each case was evaluated preoperatively and at more than 48 months postoperatively in follow-up using the JOA, NDI, and VAS. Cervical sagittal curvature, total cervical ROM, and degree of middle segments of motion were also evaluated...
November 4, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094007/soft-tissue-swelling-incidence-using-demineralized-bone-matrix-in-the-outpatient-setting
#9
Kingsley R Chin, Fabio J R Pencle, Jason A Seale, Juan M Valdivia
AIM: To assess use of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) use in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in outpatient setting. METHODS: One hundred and forty-five patients with prospectively collected data undergoing single and two level ACDF with DBM packed within and anterior to polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages. Two groups created, Group 1 (75) outpatients and control Group 2 (70) hospital patients. Prevertebral soft tissue swelling (PVSTS) was measured anterior to C2 and C6 on plain lateral cervical radiographs preoperatively and one week postoperatively and fusion assessed at two years...
October 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069938/influence-of-plate-fixation-on-cervical-height-and-alignment-after-one-or-two-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#10
Jaecheon Yu, Yoon Ha, Jun Jae Shin, Jae Keun Oh, Chang Kyu Lee, Keung Nyun Kim, Do Heum Yoon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of plate fixation on cervical alignment after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using a stand-alone cage (ACDF-CA), compared to ACDF performed using a cage and plate fixation (ACDF-CP) and ACDF using autologous iliac bone graft and plate fixation (ACDF-AP), for the treatment of one- or two-level cervical degenerative disease. A second objective was to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes between the groups. METHODS: A total of 247 patients underwent ACDF and were divided into three groups: those who underwent ACDF-CA (n = 76), ACDF-CP (n = 82) or ACDF-AP (n = 89)...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066708/survivorship-analysis-of-clinical-adjacent-segment-pathology-after-single-level-cervical-fusion
#11
Lingde Kong, Qinghua Ma, Kunlun Yu, Junming Cao, Linfeng Wang, Yong Shen
BACKGROUND Clinical adjacent-segment pathology (CASP) is an important problem after anterior cervical surgery. The purpose of this study was to predict prevalence of CASP and determine the possible risk factors for CASP after single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed a series of patients who underwent single-level cervical discectomy and fusion surgery (ACDF). Both basic and radiographic data of patients were collected. Life-table method and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to calculate prevalence of CASP and disease-free survival rate...
October 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058045/anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-review-and-update-for-radiologists
#12
REVIEW
Kimia Khalatbari Kani, Felix S Chew
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this article are to describe the various types of interbody grafts and anterior cervical plating systems, techniques for optimizing evaluation of cervical spine metallic implants on CT and MR imaging, expected appearance and complications of ACDF on postoperative imaging and imaging assessment of fusion. Optimization for optimizing metal induced artifacts. CONCLUSION: Currently, ACDF is the most commonly performed surgical procedure for degenerative cervical spine disease...
October 23, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057356/anterior-cervical-spine-surgery-associated-complications-in-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#13
REVIEW
Anastasia Tasiou, Theofanis Giannis, Alexandros G Brotis, Ioannis Siasios, Iordanis Georgiadis, Haralampos Gatos, Eleni Tsianaka, Konstantinos Vagkopoulos, Konstantinos Paterakis, Kostas N Fountas
Anterior cervical spine procedures have been associated with satisfactory outcomes. However, the occurrence of troublesome complications, although uncommon, needs to be taken into consideration. The purpose of our study was to assess the actual incidence of anterior cervical spine procedure-associated complications and identify any predisposing factors. A total of 114 patients undergoing anterior cervical procedures over a 6-year period were included in our retrospective, case-control study. The diagnosis was cervical radiculopathy, and/or myelopathy due to degenerative disc disease, cervical spondylosis, or traumatic cervical spine injury...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057338/single-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-acdf-using-self-locking-stand-alone-polyetheretherketone-peek-cage-evaluation-of-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#14
Stylianos Kapetanakis, Tryfon Thomaidis, George Charitoudis, Pavlos Pavlidis, Panagiotis Theodosiadis, Grigorios Gkasdaris
BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) constitutes the conventional treatment of cervical disc herniation due to degenerative disc disease (DDD). ACDF with plating presents a variety of complications postoperatively and stand-alone cages are thought to be a promising alternative. The aim of this study was firstly, to analyze prospectively collected data from a sample of patients treated with single ACDF using C-Plus self-locking stand-alone PEEK cage system, without the use of plates or screws, in order to evaluate pain levels of patients, utilizing Neck and Arm Pain scale as an expression of visual analogue scale (VAS)...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055221/cage-with-anterior-plating-is-advantageous-over-the-stand-alone-cage-for-segmental-lordosis-in-the-treatment-of-two-level-cervical-degenerative-spondylopathy-a-retrospective-study
#15
Paolo Perrini, Federico Cagnazzo, Nicola Benedetto, Riccardo Morganti, Carlo Gambacciani
OBJECTIVES: To compare retrospectively the clinical and radiological outcomes in cervical spinal alignment after two consecutive levels PEEK cage-assisted ACDF when performed with or without plate fixation PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight patients underwent two consecutive levels PEEK cage-assisted ACDF without plating (56 patients) or supplemented with plating (22 patients). The average clinical follow-up was 31.40±12.98months. The authors compared clinical parameters (Neck disability index and Robinson criteria), perioperative parameters (hospital stays, complications), and radiological parameters (global lordotic curvature, segmental lordosis, segmental height)...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050891/is-stand-alone-peek-cage-the-gold-standard-in-multilevel-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-acdf-results-of-a-minimum-1-year-follow-up
#16
You-Sub Kim, Jae-Young Park, Bong Ju Moon, Sang-Deok Kim, Jung-Kil Lee
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical and radiologic results of stand-alone synthetic polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages for two- or three-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), with a focus on subsidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a total of 68 patients who underwent two- or three-level ACDF with a stand-alone PEEK cage between April 2005 and August 2016. Radiologic parameters were assessed on lateral radiographs, and fusion was assessed on computed tomography scans...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049131/comparison-of-surgical-outcomes-narcotics-utilization-and-costs-after-an-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-stand-alone-cage-versus-anterior-plating
#17
Ehsan Tabaraee, Junyoung Ahn, Daniel D Bohl, Michael J Collins, Dustin H Massel, Khaled Aboushaala, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of a prospectively maintained registry. OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical outcomes, narcotic utilization, and costs between a stand-alone (SA) cage and anterior plating (AP) with an interbody device for 1-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF with a SA cage has gained popularity as a potential alternative to anterior cervical plating. Few studies have compared the surgical outcomes, narcotic utilization, and costs of ACDF utilizing a SA cage versus AP with an interbody device...
November 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042769/bioabsorbable-self-retaining-pla-nano-sized-%C3%AE-tcp-cervical-spine-interbody-fusion-cage-in-goat-models-an-in-vivo-study
#18
Lu Cao, Qian Chen, Li-Bo Jiang, Xiao-Fan Yin, Chong Bian, Hui-Ren Wang, Yi-Qun Ma, Xiang-Qian Li, Xi-Lei Li, Jian Dong
STUDY DESIGN: This is an experimental animal study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare an anterior cervical discectomy and interbody fusion of a novel polylactide/nano-sized β-tricalcium phosphate (PLA/nβ-TCP) bioabsorbable self-retaining cervical fusion cage (BCFC) with an autologous bone graft and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages. BACKGROUND: Although PLA cervical cages have potential advantages compared with traditional materials, they are not currently routinely used in spine surgery because of undesirable effects such as the lack of osteoconductivity and osteolysis around the implant...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027895/changes-in-foraminal-area-with-anterior-decompression-versus-keyhole-foraminotomy-in-the-cervical-spine-a-biomechanical-investigation
#19
Jacqueline Nguyen, Bryant Chu, Calvin C Kuo, Jeremi M Leasure, Christopher Ames, Dimitriy Kondrashov
OBJECTIVE Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with or without partial uncovertebral joint resection (UVR) and posterior keyhole foraminotomy are established operative procedures to treat cervical disc degeneration and radiculopathy. Studies have demonstrated reliable results with each procedure, but none have compared the change in neuroforaminal area between indirect and direct decompression techniques. The purpose of this study was to determine which cervical decompression method most consistently increases neuroforaminal area and how that area is affected by neck position...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021668/influence-of-prevertebral-soft-tissue-swelling-on-dysphagia-after-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-using-a-rectangular-titanium-stand-alone-cage
#20
Toru Yamagata, Kentaro Naito, Masaki Yoshimura, Kenji Ohata, Toshihiro Takami
BACKGROUND: Postoperative oropharyngeal complications such as dysphagia after anterior cervical spine surgery are some of the least discussed surgery-related complications. The purpose of this retrospective study is to investigate the incidence and possible risk factors for 30-day postoperative dysphagia after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 152 consecutive patients who underwent 1- or 2-level ACDF using a rectangular titanium stand-alone cage in our institutes...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
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