Read by QxMD icon Read

Youth athletic development

Sarah J Ozinga, Susan M Linder, Mandy Miller Koop, Tanujit Dey, Richard Figler, Andrew N Russman, Richard So, Alan H Rosenthal, Jason Cruickshank, Jay L Alberts
CONTEXT:   Annually, more than 1 million youth athletes in the United States receive or are suspected of receiving a concussion. The Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) is the most commonly used clinical balance evaluation designed to provide a better understanding of the motor-control processes of individuals with concussion. Despite the widespread use of the BESS, a fundamental gap exists in applying this tool to young athletes, as normative values are lacking for this population...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Ausra Lisinskiene
The purpose of this intervention study was to develop an educational program for coaches to strengthen the coach⁻athlete interpersonal relationship in individual youth sport. To obtain data in the qualitative interpretative phenomenology phase, 10 youth sports coaches took part in semi-structured, in-depth interviews. The educational program was developed by integrating psychological, educational and social skills into the educational coaching sessions. The program involved a detailed video analysis, theoretical classes, and individual consultations...
July 29, 2018: Sports
Stein G P Menting, Marco J Konings, Marije T Elferink-Gemser, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To gain insight into the development of pacing behaviour of youth athletes in 1500-m short-track speed skating competition. METHODS: Lap times and positioning of elite short-track skaters during the seasons 2011/2012 - 2015/2016 were analysed (n=9715). The participants were grouped into age groups; under 17 (U17), under 19 (U19), under 21 (U21) and senior. The difference between age groups, the difference between the sexes and the stages of competition within each age group were analysed through a MANOVA (p<0...
July 24, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Toby M Enniss, Khaled Basiouny, Brian Brewer, Nikolay Bugaev, Julius Cheng, Omar K Danner, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster, Gregory Hawryluk, Hee Soo Jung, Felix Lui, Rishi Rattan, Pina Violano, Marie Crandall
Background: Awareness of the magnitude of contact sports-related concussions has risen exponentially in recent years. Our objective is to conduct a prospectively registered systematic review of the scientific evidence regarding interventions to prevent contact sports-related concussions. Methods: Using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology, we performed a systematic review of the literature to answer seven population, intervention, comparator, and outcomes (PICO) questions regarding concussion education, head protective equipment, rules prohibiting high-risk activity and neck strengthening exercise for prevention of contact sports-related concussion in pediatric and adult amateur athletes...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
Julia S Malmborg, M Charlotte Olsson, Stefan Bergman, Ann Bremander
Objectives: In youth sports, musculoskeletal pain is often studied from the standpoint of sports injuries, but little is known about pain conditions in which athletes still participate. The aim was to study the frequency of pain and associations with maturity offset, health status and sports performance in 14-year-old sport school students. Methods: Cross-sectional design. One hundred and seventy-eight students (108 boys and 70 girls) completed anthropometric measures for maturity offset (height, weight and sitting height), questionnaires (pain mannequin and EQ-5D for health status) and sports performance tests (sprint, agility, counter-movement jump and grip strength)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Jennifer Kosoy, Ronald Feinstein
Learning about concussion diagnosis and management is important for all individuals who will be taking care of young athletes. There are about 1.7million reported concussions per year, and, of these, about 20% are sports related. There are risks in all sports, but the highest rates of concussions are from football, rugby, and hockey, with soccer being the highest cause for girls. An on-field assessment includes evaluating airway, breathing, and circulation, followed by cervical spine assessment. Then, concussion evaluation tools can be used to aid in making the diagnosis...
July 14, 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Zachary Y Kerr, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Emily Kroshus, Vivian Go, Paula Gildner, K Hunter Byrd, Stephen W Marshall
Behavioral interventions to increase disclosure and proper management of concussion in youth sports have unrealized potential when it comes to preventing concussion. Interventions have focused on changing individual athlete behavior and have fallen short of the potential for sustained systemic behavioral change. One potentially critical reason for this shortfall is that other key determinants of risk behaviors at all levels of the socio-ecological model (e.g. interpersonal, community, policy) are not addressed in extant programming...
July 9, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
S Schneider, J Sauer, G Berrsche, C Löbel, D K Sommer, H Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Joint pain may be an early indicator of biomechanical stress. During adolescence the physical development, including the development of the musculoskeletal system, is still ongoing and joint pain requires special attention, especially among young athletes. OBJECTIVE: Young athletes from the highest national basketball leagues in Germany were questioned about prevalence, location, context and coping strategies concerning joint pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were derived from the German "Adolescents' and Childrens' Health in Elite Basketball study" (ACHE study)...
June 27, 2018: Der Schmerz
Sean Scantlebury, Kevin Till, Tom Sawczuk, Padraic Phibbs, Ben Jones
Scantlebury, S, Till, K, Sawczuk, T, Phibbs, P, and Jones, B. Validity of retrospective session rating of perceived exertion to quantify training load in youth athletes. J Strength Cond Res 32(7): 1975-1980, 2018-Youth athletes frequently participate in multiple sports or for multiple teams within the same sport. To optimize player development and minimize undesirable training outcomes (e.g., overuse injuries), practitioners must be cognizant of an athlete's training load within and outside their practice. This study aimed to establish the validity of a 24-hour (s-RPE24) and 72-hour (s-RPE72) recall of session rating of perceived exertion (s-RPE) against the criterion measure of s-RPE collected 30 minutes' post training (s-RPE30)...
July 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Christine L MacDonald, Jason Barber, Jason Wright, David Coppel, Nina De Lacy, Steve Ottinger, Suzanne Peck, Chris Panks, Samantha Sun, Kody Zalewski, Nancy Temkin
This study longitudinally assessed 10-14-year-old patients with sports and recreational concussion (n=22) who remained symptomatic 3-4 weeks post-injury compared to typically developing controls (n=24). Examination by multimodal MRI and multidomain clinical outcome measures was completed at 1-month and 6-months post-injury. Concussion patients showed evidence of improvement by 6-month follow up in domains of cognitive function while measures of psychological health were less resolved with patients exhibiting sustained symptoms of depression, behavior impairment, and concussion symptoms...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
Ben William Strafford, Pawel van der Steen, Keith Davids, Joseph Antony Stone
Analyses of talent development in sport have identified that skill can be enhanced through early and continued involvement in donor sports which share affordances (opportunities for action) with a performer's main target sport. Aligning key ideas of the Athletic Skills Model and ecological dynamics theory, we propose how the sport of parkour could provide a representative and adaptive platform for developing athletic skill (e.g. coordination, timing, balance, agility, spatial awareness and muscular strength)...
May 24, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
Susan M Linder, Sarah J Ozinga, Mandy Miller Koop, Tanujit Dey, Richard Figler, Jason Cruickshank, Jay L Alberts
INTRODUCTION: Despite the widespread utilization of the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) in the evaluation of concussion, it has been criticized for its error-based scoring that is susceptible to floor and ceiling effects and substantial inter-rater variability. A biomechanical outcome, Cleveland Clinic-Postural Stability Index (CC-PSI), has been developed as an alternative to subjective BESS scoring. The CC-PSI utilizes inertial sensor data within a mobile device to provide an objective measure of postural sway during the BESS...
May 3, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Fieke Rongen, Jim McKenna, Stephen Cobley, Kevin Till
Talent identification and development systems (TIDS) are commonly used in professional sport to convert youth athletes into sporting stars of the future. Acknowledging that only a few athletes can "make it," the necessity and healthiness of TIDS have recently been questioned based on their increased professionalism, high training, and competition volumes, but limited effectiveness. In this short communication, we suggest that the key issues associated with TIDS are not due to their overall concept, but with how they are designed and implemented...
May 22, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
Allison M Ezzat, Mariana Brussoni, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To understand the influence of the injury experience on current attitudes and beliefs about physical activity (PA) and the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in youth and young adults 3-10 years after a sport-related knee injury. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: University Sports Medical/Research Center. PARTICIPANTS: 20 young adults 3-10 years subsequent to intra-articular knee injury...
July 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
M Alison Brooks, Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Daniel A Schaefer, Daniel M Wichman, Andrew M Watson, Timothy A McGuine, David R Bell
Background: There are a variety of proposed motivations for sport specialization, such as improving sport skills to an elite level, making all-star or travel teams, or receiving a scholarship or professional contract. However, there has not been a quantitative examination of the attitudes and beliefs that may be contributing to the trend of sport specialization and year-round sport participation. Purpose: The primary aim was to describe the attitudes and beliefs of youth club sport athletes regarding sport specialization and sport participation...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Katherine J Harmon, Scott K Proescholdbell, Johna Register-Mihalik, David B Richardson, Anna E Waller, Stephen W Marshall
BACKGROUND: Sports and recreational activities are an important cause of injury among children and youth, with sports-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) being of particular concern given the developing brain. This paper reports the characteristics of sport and recreation-related (SR) emergency department (ED) visits among school-age children and youth in a statewide population. METHODS: This study included all injury-related visits made to all North Carolina 24/7 acute-care civilian hospital-affiliated EDs by school-age youth, 5-18 years of age, during 2010-2014 (N = 918,662)...
May 15, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
Balin Cupples, Donna O'Connor, Stephen Cobley
Contemporary models of athlete development (e.g., Development Model of Sport Participation) suggest attainment benefits from early age multi-sport "sampling" behaviour before progressive transition into "invested" single-sport involvement in teenage years compared to intensive early-age specialisation. However, specific examinations of these development patterns across a number of team sports and cultural contexts remains limited. This study involved a large sample of professional Australian Rugby League (RL) players (N = 224) who progressed along the RL system pathways...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Philip E Kearney, Philip R Hayes
Enhancing our understanding of athlete development would be valuable for coaches, parents and administrators to set realistic performance expectations and to advance youth sport policy. To this end, a database of track and field performances was examined. Records of 134,313 performances by athletes aged between 12 and 35 years in sprinting, throwing, jumping and middle distance events were analysed. Results revealed that a minority (Male, 9%; Female, 13%) of top 20 ranked senior athletes were also ranked in the top 20 at Under 13 (U13)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Yetsa A Tuakli-Wosornu, Evgeny Mashkovskiy, Taylor Ottesen, Mark Gentry, Daniel Jensen, Nick Webborn
Sport-related injury patterns among Para athletes have been described with increasing frequency. This review summarizes musculoskeletal injuries in Para athletes. Seated Para athletes sustain upper extremity injuries more commonly; ambulant Para athletes frequently sustain lower extremity injuries. The upper extremity is the most commonly injured anatomic area in all Para athletes, unlike able-bodied athletes. Advanced age and spinal cord injury may increase the risk of upper extremity injury. Injury data for recreational and youth Para athletes are sparse...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Julianne D Schmidt, Katherine Rizzone, Nicole L Hoffman, Michelle L Weber, Courtney Jones, Jeff Bazarian, Steven P Broglio, Michael McCrea, Thomas W McAllister
BACKGROUND: Individuals who sustain their first concussion during childhood may be at greater risk of sustaining multiple concussions throughout their lifetime because of a longer window of vulnerability. This article aims to estimate the association between age at first concussion and number of subsequent concussions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 23,582 collegiate athletes from 26 universities and military cadets from three military academies completed a concussion history questionnaire (65% males, age 19...
April 2018: Pediatric Neurology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"