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Anxiety AND medication

Sang Min Lee, Won Sub Kang, Ah-Rang Cho, Tae Kim, Jin Kyung Park
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the immediate stress and psychological impact experienced by quarantined patients undergoing hemodialysis and university hospital workers who treated patients Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) during its outbreak. DESIGN: The group of subjects consisted of 1800 hospital practitioners and 73 quarantined patients undergoing hemodialysis. The Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R) was administered to the practitioners twice, once during the hospital shutdown and again one month after the shutdown...
October 13, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Anja W Dynesen, Charlotte A Gehrt, Sabine E Klinker, Lisa B Christensen
It is well known that early signs of eating disorders (EDs), such as dental erosion and enlarged salivary glands, may be recognized in the dental clinic. Dentists acknowledge that approaching a patient to discuss the suspicion of an ED is difficult. However, little is known about how persons with EDs experience and manage dental visits. Therefore, this study aimed to uncover knowledge, experience, and attitude of oral health and oral health behavior among persons with EDs. The study design was cross-sectional and 260 persons with EDs completed an electronic questionnaire...
October 19, 2018: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Amy K Otto, Emily C Soriano, Scott D Siegel, Stefanie T LoSavio, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is associated with greater health care utilization (HCU) in early-stage breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Three hundred early-stage breast cancer survivors diagnosed within the past 7 years reported on FCR as well as calls and visits to oncology providers and primary care providers during the preceding 3 months. Participants also reported on use of mental health services and psychotropic medications since diagnosis...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Abigail R A Aiken, Elisa Padron, Kathleen Broussard, Dana Johnson
BACKGROUND: In Northern Ireland, abortion is illegal except in very limited circumstances to preserve a woman's life or to prevent permanent or long-term injury to her physical or mental health. Abortions conducted outside the law are a criminal offence punishable by imprisonment. We assessed the impacts of Northern Ireland's abortion laws on women's decision-making and experiences in accessing abortion. METHODS: Between April 2017 and February 2018 we interviewed 30 women living in Northern Ireland who had sought abortion by travelling to a clinic in Great Britain or by using online telemedicine to self-manage a medication abortion at home...
October 19, 2018: BMJ sexual & reproductive health
M Maternik
BACKGROUND: Monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) is a common paediatric condition, caused by the interaction of multiple physiological mechanisms. The condition can lead to psychiatric comorbidities that are detrimental to quality of life but is under-recognised and misunderstood by society and healthcare providers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to gather information from non-specialist physicians on their understanding of enuresis in selected European countries and from patients about the prevalence of MNE, its relationship with comorbidities and the burden of the condition...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
S Buyle-Bodin, A Amad, F Medjkane, S Bourion-Bedes, P Thomas, T Fovet
BACKGROUND: In France, on the first of January 2018, 772 underage persons were in jail or about 1.1 % of the incarcerated population. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders among those inmates is high. As a result psychiatric care (and particularly full-time hospitalization) is essential for this population. The unités hospitalières spécialement aménagées (UHSA) are full-time inpatient hospitalization units for inmates in France. Adults but also underage inmates can be admitted to UHSA for voluntary or involuntary hospitalization...
October 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
Audur Ketilsdottir, Brynja Ingadottir, Tiny Jaarsma
AIMS: There are indications that economic crises can affect public health. The aim of this study was to describe characteristics, health status, and socio-economic status of outpatient heart failure (HF) patients several years after a national economic crisis and to assess whether socio-economic factors were associated with patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). METHODS AND RESULTS: In this cross-sectional survey, PROMs were measured with seven validated instruments, as follows: self-care (the 12-item European Heart Failure Self-Care Behaviour scale), HF-related knowledge (Dutch Heart Failure Knowledge Scale), symptoms (Edmonton Symptom Assessment System), sense of security (Sense of Security in Care-'Patients' evaluation'), health status (EQ-5D visual analogue scale), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) (Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire), and anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale)...
October 18, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
Giovanni Biglino, Sofie Layton, Matthew Lee, Froso Sophocleous, Susannah Hall, Jo Wray
The arts can aid the exploration of individual and collective illness narratives, with empowering effects on both patients and caregivers. The artist, partly acting as conduit, can translate and re-present illness experiences into artwork. But how are these translated experiences received by the viewer-and specifically, how does an audience respond to an art installation themed around paediatric heart transplantation and congenital heart disease? The installation, created by British artist Sofie Layton and titled Making the Invisible Visible , was presented at an arts-and-health event...
October 18, 2018: Medical Humanities
Galina Velikova, Linda Jane Williams, Sarah Willis, J Michael Dixon, Juliette Loncaster, Matthew Hatton, Jacqueline Clarke, Ian H Kunkler, Nicola S Russell
BACKGROUND: Postmastectomy radiotherapy in patients with four or more positive axillary nodes reduces breast cancer mortality, but its role in patients with one to three involved nodes is controversial. We assessed the effects of postmastectomy radiotherapy on quality of life (QOL) in women with intermediate-risk breast cancer. METHODS: SUPREMO is an open-label, international, parallel-group, randomised, controlled trial. Women aged 18 years or older with intermediate-risk breast cancer (defined as pT1-2N1; pT3N0; or pT2N0 if also grade III or with lymphovascular invasion) who had undergone mastectomy and, if node positive, axillary surgery, were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive chest wall radiotherapy (50 Gy in 25 fractions or a radiobiologically equivalent dose of 45 Gy in 20 fractions or 40 Gy in 15 fractions) or no radiotherapy...
October 15, 2018: Lancet Oncology
Catherine Haighton, Jess Kidd, Amy O'Donnell, Graeme Wilson, Karen McCabe, Jonathan Ling
BACKGROUND: Concurrent alcohol and medication use can result in significant problems especially in mid to later life. Alcohol is often used instead of medication for a number of health-related conditions. This novel qualitative study explored concurrent alcohol and medication use, as well as the use of alcohol for medicinal purposes, in a sample of individuals in mid to later life. METHODS: Twenty-four interviews (12 men/12 women, ages 51-90 years) and three focus groups (n = 27, 6 men/21 women, ages 50-95 years) from three branches of Age UK and two services for alcohol problems in North East England...
2018: PloS One
S Tucker Price, Alexei O DeCastro, Clive D Brock
Sport-related concussions in youth and adolescent athletes most commonly resolve within one week without residual symptoms, with athletes resuming full participation following return to play guidelines. A small percentage of athletes have persistent symptoms that cause significant morbidity, some of whom are ultimately diagnosed with post-concussion syndrome. In these athletes, symptoms in the emotional domain can be more prolonged than other domains, with athletes reporting anxiety and depression months to years following injury...
October 18, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Anna Klaudia Bollmann, Balázs Fábián, Judit Molnár
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis of cancer elicits greater distress than any other diagnosis. The prevalence of psychological difficulties is high in cancer, and resources of the medical staff are limited. The development of efficient screening measures is therefore of utmost importance. Sleep is vital to all psychological functioning and poor sleep is a known problem in cancer. AIM: The main goal of the present study was testing of visual analogue scales assessing sleep quality and fatigue...
October 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Saliha Baykal, Melih Nuri Karakurt, Mahmut Çakır, Koray Karabekiroğlu
High stress levels and impairment of physical/mental health in parents can delay early and effective intervention in autism. The purpose of this study was to examine relations between the clinical characteristics of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and caregiver burden, and anxiety and depression levels. Seventy cases under monitoring at the Namık Kemal University Medical Faculty Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Polyclinic with a diagnosis of ASD, and their principal caregivers, were included in the study...
October 17, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Yaping Chen, Yanni Zeng
To investigate the influential factors for depression and anxiety in patients with chronic wounds, and the relationship between depression and anxiety and social support or quality of life.
 Methods: We used convenience sampling method to enroll 150 patients with chronic wounds. Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) were used to assess the level of depression and anxiety, quality of life, and social support in patients with chronic wounds...
September 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Lisha Dai, Yi Zhou, Jing Hu, Yunlong Deng
According to the cognitive behavior theory and meta-cognitive theory of health anxiety, to examine the association between alexithymia, cognition factors or meta-cognition factors and health anxiety.
 Methods: A total of 1 164 medical students were investigated by the Short Health Anxiety Inventory, the Health Cognitions Questionnaire, the Meta-cognitions about Health Questionnaire and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale.
 Results: 1) Correlation analysis showed that alexithymia, dysfunctional beliefs, meta-cognition were significantly positively correlated with health anxiety (r=0...
September 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Marjan Mahjour, Arash Khoushabi
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a pigmentary disorder characterizing by white macules due to loss of melanocytes. Vitiligo affects about 1 to 4% of people around the world. The treatment of vitiligo has a high cost and the long process of treatment in spite of no complete remedy. It has various psychological side-effects such as depression and anxiety affecting the quality of life seriously. Avicenna in his Canon treated these patients over a thousand years ago. This study aimed to introduce some herbal drugs in vitiligo based on the Canon of Avicenna besides the conventional medical treatments...
October 16, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
João Moreira de Sousa, Cátia A Moreira, Diogo Telles-Correia
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in Portuguese medical students compared to students of other faculties, and the possible impact those symptoms have on academic performance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 750 students: 512 medical students and 238 nonmedical students. All students anonymously completed a socio-demographic survey and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
September 28, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Carolina V R D'Aurea, Dalva Poyares, Giselle S Passos, Marcos G Santana, Shawn D Youngstedt, Altay A Souza, Juliana Bicudo, Sergio Tufik, Marco T de Mello
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of resistance exercise and stretching on sleep, mood, and quality of life in chronic insomnia patients. METHODS: Three 4-month treatments included: resistance exercise (n=10), stretching (n=10), and control (n=8). Sleep was evaluated with polysomnography, actigraphy, and questionnaires. Mood and quality of life were assessed with the Profile of Mood States (POMS) and the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36), respectively...
October 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Amgad H Hanna, Davinder Ramsingh, Whitney Sullivan-Lewis, Sarah Cano, Patrick Leiter, Desiree Wallace, Gerald Andrews, Briahnna Austin, Richard L Applegate
BACKGROUND: Anxiety associated with pediatric surgery can be stressful. Midazolam is a well-accepted anxiolytic in this setting. However, there are cases in which this medication is not effective. Zolpidem is a short-acting nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic drug that is administered orally and has quick onset of action (~15 minutes), and 2-3 hour duration. AIMS: Based on the theory that impaired perception following oral zolpidem administration would suppress the development of anxiety, we sought to compare zolpidem to midazolam for pediatric preoperative anxiety...
October 17, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Ahmed Aber, Aoife Howard, Helen Buckley Woods, Georgina Jones, Jonathan Michaels
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify themes that determine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with carotid artery stenosis and identify the patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) that best cover the identified themes. METHODS: A systematic review of the main six databases from inception to September 2018 was undertaken to identify primary qualitative studies reporting on the HRQoL of patients with carotid artery stenosis. The quality of studies was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) criteria...
October 17, 2018: Patient
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