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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30120039/absolute-risk-and-predictors-of-the-growth-of-acute-spontaneous-intracerebral-haemorrhage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data
#1
Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Joseph Frantzias, Robert J Lee, Patrick D Lyden, Thomas W K Battey, Alison M Ayres, Joshua N Goldstein, Stephan A Mayer, Thorsten Steiner, Xia Wang, Hisatomi Arima, Hitoshi Hasegawa, Makoto Oishi, Daniel A Godoy, Luca Masotti, Dar Dowlatshahi, David Rodriguez-Luna, Carlos A Molina, Dong-Kyu Jang, Antonio Davalos, José Castillo, Xiaoying Yao, Jan Claassen, Bastian Volbers, Seiji Kazui, Yasushi Okada, Shigeru Fujimoto, Kazunori Toyoda, Qi Li, Jane Khoury, Pilar Delgado, José Álvarez Sabín, Mar Hernández-Guillamon, Luis Prats-Sánchez, Chunyan Cai, Mahesh P Kate, Rebecca McCourt, Chitra Venkatasubramanian, Michael N Diringer, Yukio Ikeda, Hans Worthmann, Wendy C Ziai, Christopher D d'Esterre, Richard I Aviv, Peter Raab, Yasuo Murai, Allyson R Zazulia, Kenneth S Butcher, Seyed Mohammad Seyedsaadat, James C Grotta, Joan Martí-Fàbregas, Joan Montaner, Joseph Broderick, Haruko Yamamoto, Dimitre Staykov, E Sander Connolly, Magdy Selim, Rogelio Leira, Byung Hoo Moon, Andrew M Demchuk, Mario Di Napoli, Yukihiko Fujii, Craig S Anderson, Jonathan Rosand
BACKGROUND: Intracerebral haemorrhage growth is associated with poor clinical outcome and is a therapeutic target for improving outcome. We aimed to determine the absolute risk and predictors of intracerebral haemorrhage growth, develop and validate prediction models, and evaluate the added value of CT angiography. METHODS: In a systematic review of OVID MEDLINE-with additional hand-searching of relevant studies' bibliographies- from Jan 1, 1970, to Dec 31, 2015, we identified observational cohorts and randomised trials with repeat scanning protocols that included at least ten patients with acute intracerebral haemorrhage...
August 14, 2018: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119252/reduction-of-cisplatin-induced-renal-and-hepatic-side-effects-in-rat-through-antioxidative-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-malva-sylvestris-l-extract
#2
Zeynab Mohamadi Yarijani, Aliashraf Godini, Seyed Hamid Madani, Houshang Najafi
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin is widely used in the chemotherapy of solid organ cancers. However, its application is associated with serious side effects in various organs including the kidneys and liver. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of mallow extract on the side effects of cisplatin in the kidneys and liver. METHODS: Hydroalcoholic extract of mallow, at doses of 200, 400, and 600 mg/kg BW, was administered to the animals for seven days intraperitoneally (ip)...
July 31, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119228/phytochemicals-withaferin-a-and-carnosol-overcome-pancreatic-cancer-stem-cells-as-c-met-inhibitors
#3
Shima Aliebrahimi, Shideh Montasser Kouhsari, Seyed Shahriar Arab, Amir Shadboorestan, Seyed Nasser Ostad
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are pharmaceutically attractive targets due to their fundamental role in tumor formation. The hallmark of pancreatic cancer is its high mortality rate attributed to the existence of cancer stem cell (CSC) subpopulations which result in therapy resistance and recurrence. c-Met is a known pancreatic CSC marker that belongs to the family of RTKs. To surmount the hurdles related to ligand-independent c-Met activation, we aimed to elucidate the inhibitory mechanisms of withaferin A (WA) and carnosol (CA) as two hit phytochemicals against c-Met kinase domain...
July 25, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119155/the-impact-of-donor-and-recipient-kir-genes-and-kir-ligands-on-the-occurrence-of-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-and-graft-survival-after-hla-identical-sibling-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#4
Seyed Ahmad Hoseinian, Davood Jafari, Mehdi Mahmoodi, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Mohammadreza Ostadali, Azita Talebzadeh Bonakdar, Arron Munggela Foma, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Ali Akbar Amirzargar
Background/aim: After allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), donor natural killer (NK) cells trigger alloreactions against potential recipient cells by their killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs). This study investigated whether KIR/HLA genotypes and KIR haplotypes of donors and recipients exhibit a critical function in the prevalence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and persistence of the graft after HLA-identical sibling allo-HSCT for patients with hematological malignancies...
August 16, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118457/effect-of-sequential-therapy-on-treatment-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-children
#5
Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Afsaneh Nazari, Hazhir Javaherizadeh
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection which plays a major role in the etiology of chronic gastritis and duodenal ulcers in children and adults is one of the commonest chronic infection worldwide. Cure of the infection leads to healing of gastric inflammation and prevention of peptic ulcer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the sequential therapy for treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 40 children with symptoms of H...
April 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118456/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-children-a-single-center-study-at-tertiary-hospital-iran
#6
Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Mahmood Haghighat, Farideh Nematollahi, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Naser Honar, Maryam Bahmanyar, Maryam Ataollahi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate complications after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy among children who underwent percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in Nemazee hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All children who underwent percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy were included in the current study. Place of the study was department of pediatric gastroenterology of Nemazee children hospital of Shiraz university of medical sciences. Duration of the study was 5 year starting from 2008...
April 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117960/second-order-interferometric-autocorrelation-for-measuring-group-velocity-dispersion-and-pulse-broadening-of-femtosecond-pulses
#7
Mojtaba Narimousa, Mohammad Sabaeian, Seyed Mehdi Mousavi Ghahfarrokhi, Omid Panahi
Femtosecond pulse broadening and group velocity dispersion (GVD) were measured using a second-order interferometric autocorrelation technique. Two reference laser pulses of 36 fs and 55 fs were generated first in a Ti:sapphire oscillator and then passed through the optical elements of Ti:sapphire crystal and BK7 and fused silica glasses. For rectangular Ti:sapphire crystal and BK7 and fused silica slabs, material dispersion, and for fused silica prisms, material as well as angular dispersions were systematically measured...
June 20, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117027/water-quality-assessment-of-the-most-important-dam-latyan-dam-in-tehran-iran
#8
Anoushirvan Mohseni-Bandpei, Saeed Motesaddi, Mohsen Eslamizadeh, Mohammad Rafiee, Mohsen Nasseri, Masoud Montazeri Namin, Yalda Hashempour, Yadollah Mehrabi, Seyed Mohammad Riahi
A pattern of water quality affected by the input regime and site specification is one of the most important issues in water supply resources and demand management. The present study aims to assess the water quality of Latyan dam, the important reservoir that supplies drinking water of Tehran, the capital city of Iran. Monthly water sampling was performed at four depths of the dam. The physical and chemical properties of water including temperature, pH, turbidity, total dissolved solids (TDS), electrical conductivity (EC), hardness, as well as Ca2+ , Mg2+ , Na+ , K+ , Cl- , SO4 2- , silica, ammonium, nitrate, nitrite, and total phosphorus (TP) concentration, were monitored from May 2014 to January 2017...
August 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116282/a-rare-report-of-lung-metastasis-of-the-common-non-melanotic-skin-cancer
#9
Mohsen Shafiepour, Arda Kiani, Kimia Taghavi, Sharareh Seifi, Mitra Sadat Rezaie, Seyed Mohammad Reza Hashemian, Atefeh Abedini
Basal cell carcinoma is a common non-melanotic skin cancer with a prevalence of 74.5%-82.6% in the Iranian population. BCC rarely metastasizes. However, metastasis can cause significant morbidity. The prevalence of metastatic basal cell carcinoma varies between 0.0028% and 0.55% of all cases. We describe a case of lung metastasis of basal cell carcinoma of the scalp.
January 2018: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116279/effect-of-family-empowerment-on-asthma-control-in-school-age-children
#10
Zahra Kashaninia, Zahra Payrovee, Reza Soltani, Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani
Background: Recent surveys have showed that asthma control still remains suboptimal. Family members have an extensive impact on the level of asthma control in school-age children. Family empowerment has a positive impact on the quality of life of school-age children with asthma. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of family empowerment on asthma control in school-age children. Materials and Methods: Forty-five children with asthma (6-12 years) and their parents were enrolled in a pediatric asthma clinic during their follow-up visits...
January 2018: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116275/analgesic-effects-of-ketamine-magnesium-sulfate-and-sodium-thiopental-on-propofol-injection-pain-a-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Hooshang Akbari, Ebrahim Nasiri, Attieh Nikkhah, Seyed Hossein Ardehali
Background: Propofol is one of the most frequently used medications for inducing and maintaining anesthesia. However, propofol injection causes pain and discomfort in more than 70% of patients. This study was performed to determine the comparative effects of ketamine, sodium-thiopental, and magnesium sulfate on reducing pain at the onset of anesthesia induced by propofol injection. Materials and Methods: This single-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on a population of patients, requiring nonemergency surgeries...
January 2018: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115608/glutathione-s-transferase-omega-gene-polymorphism-as-biomarker-for-human-papilloma-virus-and-cervical-cancer-in-iranian-women
#12
Sara Zamani, Amir Sohrabi, Marjan Rahnamaye-Farzami, Seyed Masoud Hosseini
OBJECTIVE: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is an important sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Persistent infections with different high-risk HPV genotypes may cause cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase omega (GSTO) 1 and 2 play an important role in cancer progression. This study aims to evaluate GSTO gene polymorphism influence on women's susceptibility to low-risk or high-risk HPV infections and also risk of cervical cancer development...
August 6, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115056/social-network-and-hiv-risk-behaviors-in-female-sex-workers-a-systematic-review
#13
Zahra Jorjoran Shushtari, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Homeira Sajjadi, Yahya Salimi, Carl Latkin, Tom A B Snijders
BACKGROUND: Social network characteristics have an important role in understanding HIV transmission among female sex workers. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize and critically appraise the existing studies on the social network characteristics and HIV risk behaviors among female sex workers. METHOD: A systematic review was performed using predefined eligibility criteria through searching electronic databases. Two independent reviewers assessed the methodological quality of studies...
August 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114547/ssvep-recognition-by-modeling-brain-activity-using-system-identification-based-on-box-jenkins-model
#14
Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Safi, Mohammad Pooyan, Ali Motie Nasrabadi
The steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) based brain-computer interface (BCI) has received increasing attention in recent years. The present study proposes a new method for recognition based on system identification. The method relies on modeling the electroencephalogram (EEG) signals using the Box-Jenkins model. In this approach, the recorded EEG signal is considered as a combination of an SSVEP signal evoked by periodic visual stimulation and a background EEG signal whose components are modeled by a moving average (MA) process and an auto-regressive moving average (ARMA) process, respectively...
August 11, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113859/comparative-effectiveness-study-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-using-instrumental-variable-analysis
#15
Hamed Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Seyed Massood Nabavi, Ali Asghar Akhlaghi, Jaleh Gholami, Kazem Mohammad, Reza Majdzadeh
Randomized clinical trials are considered the ideal source for generation of robust evidence for clinical and public health decision making. Estimation of treatment effect in observational studies is always subject to varying degrees of bias due to lack of random allocation, blindness, precise definition of intervention, as well as the existence of potential unknown and unmeasured confounding variables. Unlike other conventional methods, instrumental variable analysis (IVA), as a method for controlling confounding bias in non-randomized studies, attempts to estimate the treatment effect with the least bias even without knowing and measuring the potential confounders in the causal pathway...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113855/predictors-of-long-term-major-adverse-cardiac-events-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-the-elderly
#16
Hassan Aghajani, Paniz Nezami, Akbar Shafiee, Arash Jalali, Alireza Nezami, Younes Nozari, Hamidreza Pourhosseini, Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian, Mojtaba Salarifar, Alimohammad Hajzeinali, Alireza Amirzadegan, Mohammad Alidoosti, Ebrahim Nematipour
BACKGROUND: We aimed to recognize the predictors of long-term major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in the elderly candidates for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at our center. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed the data of the elderly (age ≥65 years) candidates for elective PCI who met our study criteria, at Tehran heart center between 2004 and 2013. Demographic, anthropometric, clinical, angiographic, procedural and follow-up data of the enrolled patients were retrieved from the angiography/PCI databank of our center...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113242/introducing-a-new-standardized-nanomaterial-environmental-toxicity-screening-testing-procedure-iso-ts-20787-aquatic-toxicity-assessment-of-manufactured-nanomaterials-in-saltwater-lakes-using-artemia-sp-nauplii
#17
Seyed Ali Johari, Kirsten Rasmussen, Mary Gulumian, Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari, Norihisa Tetarazako, Shosaku Kashiwada, Saba Asghari, June Woo Park, Il Je Yu
This paper introduces a new standardized testing procedure for nanomaterial environmental toxicity (International Organization for Standardization/Technical Specification (ISO/TS) 20787): "aquatic toxicity assessment of manufactured nanomaterials in saltwater lakes using Artemia sp. nauplii" intended to generate more reliable and repeatable aquatic toxicity data testing manufactured nanomaterials, using Artemia sp., to evaluate their possible ecotoxicity in saltwater lake ecosystems. The principles behind testing with Artemia sp...
August 16, 2018: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112158/enteroviruses-and-adenoviruses-in-stool-specimens-of-paralytic-children-can-they-be-the-cause-of-paralysis
#18
Maryam Yousefi, Ahmad Nejati, Seyed Mohsen Zahraei, Sussan Mahmoudi, Najmeh Parhizgari, Seyed Mohammad Jazayeri Farsani, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Rakhshandeh Nategh, Shohreh Shahmahmoodi
Background and Objectives: Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a complicated clinical syndrome with a wide range of potential etiologies. Several infectious agents including different virus families have been isolated from AFP cases. In most surveys, Non-polio Enteroviruses (NPEVs) have been detected as main infectious agents in AFP cases; however, there are also some reports about Adenovirus isolation in these patients. In this study, NPEVs and Adenoviruses in stool specimens of AFP cases with or without Residual Paralysis (RP) with negative results for poliovirus are investigated...
June 2018: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112156/pcr-dgge-analysis-of-fungal-community-in-manufacturing-process-of-a-traditional-iranian-cheese
#19
Mohaddeseh Ramezani, Seyed Masoud Hosseini, Seyed Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli, Mohammad Ali Amozegar, Javad Fakhari
Background and Objectives: The microbial communities of traditional milk-based food are of great importance in its manufacturing process, especially when using raw milk with natural cultures. Liqvan (Lighvan or Levan) is a traditional Iranian buried cheese, which is made from raw ewe's milk without a starter addition. The aim of this study was to explore the fungal active population during this cheese manufacturing process by comparing DNA and RNA based culture independent method Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE)...
June 2018: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112152/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-and-enteropathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-patients-with-acute-diarrhea
#20
Saeid Bouzari, Elham Farhang, Seyed Mostafa Hosseini, Mohammad Yousef Alikhani
Background and Objectives: Diarrheal disease is still a major health problem in developing countries, where it is considered as one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality especially in children. Escherichia coli is one of the important enteropathogenic bacteria which causes diarrhea in people. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), and Enteropathogenic E...
June 2018: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
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