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Genital warts

Hannah Trøstrup, Steen H Matzen
INTRODUCTION: Verrucous carcinoma is an uncommon variant of low-grade squamous cell malignancy with a low malignant potential but a high risk of recurrence. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a Human Papilloma Virus negative local verrucous carcinoma in the perianal area of a 45-year old otherwise healthy female. The tumor presented clinically as a persistent genital wart not responding to usual dermatologic local therapy. The patient was referred to the Department of Plastic Surgery and Breast Surgery after primary excision in a private practice setting of a general surgeon...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Laura M Mann, Eloisa Llata, Elaine W Flagg, Jaeyoung Hong, Lenore Asbel, Juli Carlos-Henderson, Roxanne P Kerani, Robert Kohn, Preeti Pathela, Christina Schumacher, Elizabeth A Torrone
Background: Approximately 90% of genital warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. In the US, HPV vaccination has been recommended for females ≤26 years; and since 2011, males ≤21 years and gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) ≤26 years. Methods: Data were obtained from 27 clinics participating in the STD Surveillance Network (SSuN). Trends in the annual prevalence of anogenital warts (AGW) from 2010-2016 were described by sex and sex of sex partners...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Reza Malekpour Afshar, Negin Balar, Hamid Reza Mollaei, Seyed Alimohammad Arabzadeh, Maryam Iranpour
Breast cancer is the first of the most important causes of the deaths of women in the world and in Iran. There are various causes and causes of this cancer, one of which has recently been described as a cause of breast cancer, is the human papillomavirus (HPV). The HPV is transmitted through sexual contact and skin lesions. There are more than 100 types of HPV that can influence different parts of the body. Some types of HPV can cause cancer (such as cervical or anal cancer) and others can cause warts (such as genital or plantar warts)...
November 29, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Maryam Dadar, Sandip Chakraborty, Kuldeep Dhama, Minakshi Prasad, Rekha Khandia, Sameer Hassan, Ashok Munjal, Ruchi Tiwari, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Deepak Kumar, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Wanpen Chaicumpa
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a viral infection with skin-to-skin based transmission mode. HPV annually caused over 500,000 cancer cases including cervical, anogenital and oropharyngeal cancer among others. HPV vaccination has become a public-health concern, worldwide, to prevent the cases of HPV infections including precancerous lesions, cervical cancers, and genital warts especially in adolescent female and male population by launching national programs with international alliances. Currently, available prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines are expensive to be used in developing countries for vaccination programs...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
W Bühmann
Vaccination qualifies as the most effective medical procedure worldwide. Using the example of human papillomavirus(HPV)-associated benign and malignant diseases, the incidence, diagnostics, treatment, particularly however, the option of sustainable elimination of all these entities by achieving herd immunity by a gender balanced inoculation quota of 80% at the age of 9-17 years are shown.
November 15, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Sinja Kristiansen, Åke Svensson, Linda Drevin, Ola Forslund, Christian Torbrand, Carina Bjartling
Studies on risk factors for penile intraepithelial neoplasia have been small in size, have not distinguished penile intraepithelial neoplasia from invasive cancer, and have relied on self-reported information. This study investigated risk factors for penile intraepithelial neoplasia in a cohort of 580 penile intraepithelial neoplasia cases and 3,436 controls using information from 7 Swedish registers. Cases with penile intraepithelial neoplasia had increased odds ratios (ORs) for inflammatory skin diseases (14...
November 14, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
William Mendes Lobão, Fernanda Gross Duarte, Jordan Danielle Burns, Carlos Antonio de Souza Teles Santos, Maria Conceição Chagas de Almeida, Arthur Reingold, Edson Duarte Moreira
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has recommended the introduction of HPV vaccines into national immunization programme (NIP), but vaccination coverage remains low worldwide. We assessed the coverage and the parental acceptance of female and male HPV vaccination in Brazil after its introduction into the NIP. METHODS: We conducted a random-digit-dial survey of parents in seven major Brazilian cities from July-2015 to October-2016. A knowledge, attitude and practices questionnaire was developed and validated by expert analysis, semantic analysis, and pre-testing...
2018: PloS One
Lisa T Wigfall, Shalanda A Bynum, Heather M Brandt, Neethu Sebastian, Marcia G Ory
Background: People living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and, men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by genital warts and cancers caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). We assessed community-based HIV/AIDS service organizations' (ASOs) staff awareness, knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about HPV and effective cancer prevention tools, namely HPV vaccination, Pap, and HPV tests. The potential engagement of ASO staff in future efforts to reduce the disproportionate burden of genital warts and HPV-related cancers among HIV-positive women and MSM was explored...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
Sheng-Yun Huang, Jeng-Hsiu Hung, Li-Yu Hu, Min-Wei Huang, Shyh-Chyang Lee, Cheng-Che Shen
Depressive disorder is a severe mental disorder associated with functional and cognitive impairment. Numerous papers in the literature investigated associations between sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and psychiatric illnesses. However, the results of these studies are controversial.We explored the relationship between depressive disorder and the subsequent development of STIs including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, primary, secondary, and latent syphilis, genital warts, gonorrhea, chlamydial infection, and trichomoniasis...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Launcelot McGrath, Christopher K Fairley, Eoin F Cleere, Catriona S Bradshaw, Marcus Y Chen, Eric P F Chow
OBJECTIVE: In mid-2017, the Victorian Government funded a free time-limited human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination catch-up programme for gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (MSM) aged up to 26 years through sexual health clinics or other immunisation centres. We aimed to examine the uptake of the HPV vaccine among young MSM attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre (MSHC). METHODS: MSM aged ≤26 attending MSHC between 27 April 2017 and 31 December 2017 were included in the analysis...
November 8, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Chia-Chun Lin, Ming-Chang Hsieh, Hung-Chang Hung, Shih-Ming Tsao, Shiuan-Chih Chen, Hao-Jan Yang, Yuan-Ti Lee
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with cancer and can be prevented through vaccination. Few studies from Taiwan have reported on HPV infection among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected subjects. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of HPV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) with and without HIV infection in Taiwan, and explore the behavioral risk factors thereof.We conducted a cross-sectional study in Taiwan during 2013 to 2016 to collect data on MSM aged 20 years or older...
November 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Macey L Murray, Jade Meadows, Caroline J Doré, Andrew J Copas, Lewis J Haddow, Charles Lacey, Mark Jit, Kate Soldan, Kate Bennett, Michelle Tetlow, Mayura Nathan, Richard Gilson
BACKGROUND: Anogenital warts are the second most common sexually transmitted infection diagnosed in sexual health services in England. About 90% of genital warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 or 11, and half of episodes diagnosed are recurrences. The best and most cost-effective treatment for patients with anogenital warts is unknown. The commonly used treatments are self-administered topical agents, podophyllotoxin (0.15% cream) or imiquimod (5% cream), or cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen...
November 6, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
John Berry, Sean C Glasgow
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is responsible for 4.3% of the global cancer burden. Since 2006, current HPV vaccines have reduced the prevalence of the virus in adolescent girls, reduced the prevalence of genital warts, and been proven to reduce the progression of anal intraepithelial neoplasia in men. Herein, we review the epidemiology, virology, and immunology behind the prophylactic HPV vaccines and current recommendations for its use. We also review future immune therapies being trialed for use against HPV-related cancers including anal cancer...
November 2018: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Patricia J García, Cesar P Carcamo, Maria Valderrama, Sayda La Rosa, Cerise James, Raul Gutiérrez, Brianna R Lindsay
Genital warts (GW) are mucosal or skin lesions caused by sexual transmission of human papillomavirus (HPV). This study estimates the frequency of GW cases in physicians' clinics and physicians' usual practices of GW referral and diagnosis in Peru. Participants in this study were a convenience sample of 100 physicians in five specialties: primary care (17), gynecology (37), urology (10), dermatology (31), and infectious diseases (5). Physicians completed a survey and daily log of all patients aged 18-60 years seen over ten days in their offices located in Peru...
November 5, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Anna R Giuliano, Bradley Sirak, Martha Abrahamsen, Roberto J C Silva, Maria L Baggio, Lenice Galan, Ricardo C Cintra, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Luisa L Villa
Background: Genital wart (GW) incidence is high among men. The percentage and rate at which subsequent GW events occur are understudied. The purpose of this study was to describe the rate of subsequent GWs, associated human papillomavirus (HPV) types, and time to subsequent GW event among unvaccinated men. Methods: The study was nested within a multinational prospective HPV natural history study of men aged 18-70 years in the United States, Mexico, and Brazil, examined every 6 months for a median follow-up of 50...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Thaynara Ferreira de Amorim, Sheila Araujo Teles, Luciene Carneiro Moraes, Marcos André de Matos, Megmar Aparecida Dos Santos Carneiro, Douglas José Nogueira, Luana Rocha da Cunha Rosa, Grazielle Rosa da Costa E Silva, Karlla Antonieta Amorim Caetano
We used a cross-sectional study in 2011 to estimate prevalence and risk behaviors for self-reported symptomatic sexually transmitted infections (STI) in rural settlers in Midwestern Brazil. There were 353 individuals recruited who had been living in the settlement for more than 6 months. The endpoint variable was having reported vaginal discharge, urethral discharge, genital ulcers, or anogenital warts in the previous 12 months. Univariate and multivariate Poisson regressions were performed to identify STI correlates...
November 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
Stephen K Tyring, Theodore Rosen, Brian Berman, Nathan Stasko, Todd Durham, Tomoko Maeda-Chubachi
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO), a free radical gas, is endogenously produced in human cells. In high concentration, NO neutralizes many disease-causing microbes. The topical investigational drug SB206 releases NO and has the potential to treat skin diseases caused by viruses. Genital warts (condyloma acuminata) are primarily caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. Available treatments have low tolerability and efficacy rates and are inconvenient for the patient. Genital warts can recur if HPV is incompletely eradicated during treatment...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Marc Steben
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Matthew Hum, Eunice Chow, Nan Schuurmans, Marlene Dytoc
Condyloma acuminata, also known as anogenital warts, represent a cutaneous infection caused by sexual transmission of the human papilloma virus. We present a case of overwhelming condyloma acuminata that was treated successfully without surgery using only topical imiquimod 3.75% cream. The patient, a 66-year-old female, was referred to Dermatology for large protruding verrucous plaques that covered the entire surface of her external vulva, perineum and perianal area. These lesions developed after being treated for genital warts with cantharidin...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Aline Lopes Ribeiro, Amanda Schiersner Caodaglio, Laura Sichero
Human papillomavirus infection is associated with the development of malignant and benign neoplasms. Approximately 40 viral types can infect the anogenital mucosa and are categorized into high- and low-risk oncogenic human papillomavirus, depending on their association with the development of cervical carcinoma. High-risk human papillomavirus 16 and 18 are detected in 55% and 15% of all invasive cervical squamous cell carcinomas worldwide, respectively. Low-risk human papillomavirus 6 and 11 are responsible for 90% of genital warts and are also associated with the development of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis...
October 11, 2018: Clinics
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