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Cerumen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30461396/reliability-of-the-home-hearing-test-implications-for-public-health
#1
Cornetta L Mosley, Lauren M Langley, Adrian Davis, Catherine M McMahon, Kelly L Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The projected increase in the aging population raises concerns about how to manage the health-care needs in a cost-effective way. Within hearing health care, there are presently too few audiologists to meet the expected demand, and training more professionals may not be a feasible way of addressing this problem. For this reason, there is a need to develop different ways of assessing hearing sensitivity that can be conducted accurately and inexpensively when a certified audiologist and/or sound-attenuated booth is unavailable...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30449272/efficacy-of-fluralaner-plus-moxidectin-bravecto%C3%A2-plus-spot-on-solution-for-cats-against-otodectes-cynotis-infestations-in-cats
#2
Janina Taenzler, Christa de Vos, Rainer K A Roepke, Anja R Heckeroth
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of the fixed combination of fluralaner plus moxidectin for the treatment of Otodectes cynotis infestations was evaluated in cats after topical application. METHODS: Sixteen cats experimentally infested with O. cynotis were allocated randomly to two groups of 8 cats each. One group was treated topically with the fixed combination of fluralaner plus moxidectin at the minimum dose rate of 40 mg fluralaner and 2 mg moxidectin/kg body weight...
November 19, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368375/hearing-loss-in-preschool-children-from-a-low-income-south-african-community
#3
Shouneez Yousuf Hussein, De Wet Swanepoel, Faheema Mahomed-Asmail, Leigh Biagio de Jager
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine and describe hearing loss among preschool children in a South African community representative of typical low- and middle income countries (LMIC). METHOD: Children between the ages of 3-6 years received a hearing screening at their early childhood development (ECD) center. If a child failed the hearing screening, he/she was seen for a follow-up rescreen and diagnostic assessment if necessary at their ECD center or closest referral clinic...
December 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30277727/cerumen-impaction-diagnosis-and-management
#4
Charlie Michaudet, John Malaty
Cerumen production is a normal and protective process for the ear canal. However, cerumen should be removed when it causes symptoms (e.g., hearing loss, itching, pain, tinnitus) or prevents assessment of the external auditory canal, the tympanic membrane, or audiovestibular system. Cerumen should also be removed when it limits examination in patients who cannot communicate their symptoms, such as those with dementia or developmental delay, nonverbal patients with behavioral changes, and young children with fever, speech delay, or parental concerns...
October 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30267085/individual-reliability-of-the-standard-clinical-method-vs-patient-centered-tinnitus-likeness-rating-for-assessment-of-tinnitus-pitch-and-loudness-matching
#5
Sylvie Hébert
Importance: Current individualized sound therapies for tinnitus rely on tinnitus pitch assessment, which is commonly derived from the standard clinical 2-alternative forced-choice (2-AFC) approach driven by the examiner. However, this method is limited by lack of individual test-retest reliability and focuses on a single rather than multiple tinnitus frequencies. Objective: To assess individual test-retest reliability of the 2-AFC, with a single final frequency (and corresponding loudness), and the tinnitus likeness rating (TLR), with the participant exposed to the entire audible frequency spectrum, from which 3 dominant frequencies and corresponding loudness were extracted...
September 27, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106851/patient-positioning-during-in-office-otologic-procedures-impacts-physician-ergonomics
#6
Nandini Govil, William M DeMayo, Barry E Hirsch, Andrew A McCall
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of patient positioning on physician ergonomics during in-office otologic procedures. A previous simulation study suggested that placing patients supine during in-office otology procedures is ergonomically favorable. This study aims to substantiate these findings during the routine care of patients in an otolaryngology practice setting. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Outpatient otology clinic within tertiary care facility...
October 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043448/ear-drops-for-the-removal-of-ear-wax
#7
REVIEW
Ksenia Aaron, Tess E Cooper, Laura Warner, Martin J Burton
BACKGROUND: Ear wax (cerumen) is a normal bodily secretion that can become a problem when it obstructs the ear canal. Symptoms attributed to wax (such as deafness and pain) are among the commonest reasons for patients to present to primary care with ear trouble.Wax is part of the ear's self-cleaning mechanism and is usually naturally expelled from the ear canal without causing problems. When this mechanism fails, wax is retained in the canal and may become impacted; interventions to encourage its removal may then be needed...
July 25, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040525/smartphone-otoscopy-performed-by-parents
#8
Nora Erkkola-Anttinen, Heikki Irjala, Miia K Laine, Paula A Tähtinen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Aino Ruohola
INTRODUCTION: Implementation of pediatric telemedicine has been emphasized. We examined whether parents could perform smartphone otoscopy for the diagnosis of otitis media. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included children (6-35 months) attending day care with at least one episode of acute otitis media (AOM) within 90 days of the study entry. The timing for a teaching intervention was randomized. In the immediate teaching group, parents were taught smartphone otoscopy and cerumen was removed at the first visit...
July 24, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040120/withdrawn-ear-drops-for-the-removal-of-ear-wax
#9
REVIEW
Martin J Burton, Carolyn Doree
BACKGROUND: Problems attributed to the accumulation of wax (cerumen) are among the most common reasons for people to present to their general practitioners with ear trouble. Treatment for this condition often involves use of a wax softening agent (cerumenolytic) to disperse the cerumen, reduce the need for, or facilitate syringing, but there is no consensus on the effectiveness of the variety of cerumenolytics in use. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of ear drops (cerumenolytics) for the removal of symptomatic ear wax...
July 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895431/novel-use-of-video-glasses-during-binocular-microscopy-in-the-otolaryngology-clinic
#10
Judd H Fastenberg, Christina H Fang, Nadeem A Akbar, Waleed M Abuzeid, Howard S Moskowitz
INTRODUCTION: The development of portable, high resolution video displays such as video glasses allows clinicians the opportunity to offer patients an increased ability to visualize aspects of their physical examination in an ergonomic and cost-effective manner. The objective of this pilot study is to trial the use of video glasses for patients undergoing binocular microscopy as well as to better understand some of the potential benefits of the enhanced display option. METHODS: This study was comprised of a single treatment group...
September 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869562/practice-patterns-of-south-african-audiologists-in-cerumen-management-a-pilot-study
#11
Mukovhe Phanguphangu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the training, self-reported competence and practice patterns of South African audiologists (SAAs) regarding cerumen management (CM). DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional survey. An online questionnaire was completed by SAA between July and September 2016. The questionnaire addressed sections on educational training, experience and practice patterns of SAAs regarding CM. STUDY SAMPLE: Three hundred and fifty-six SAAs responded to an email invitation sent to 382 actively-practicing audiologists...
September 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519185/canal-wall-down-procedure-with-soft-posterior-meatal-wall-reconstruction-in-acquired-cholesteatoma-focus-on-postoperative-middle-ear-status
#12
Tomoyasu Tachibana, Shin Kariya, Yorihisa Orita, Michihiro Nakada, Takuma Makino, Yasutoshi Komatsubara, Yuko Matsuyama, Yuto Naoi, Kazunori Nishizaki
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed surgical results of canal wall-down tympanoplasty (CWDT) with soft posterior meatal wall reconstruction (SWR) for acquired cholesteatoma (AC), and identified factors associated with surgical outcomes. METHODS: Results from 119 ears with AC (pars flaccida, n = 99; pars tensa, n = 20) that underwent CWDT with SWR were retrospectively reviewed. We defined postoperative balloon-like retraction (PBR) with web formation, which needed reoperation to clean accumulated cerumen, as postoperative deep retraction pocket (PDRP)...
August 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466046/impact-of-synthetic-canine-cerumen-on-in-vitro-penetration-of-auricular-skin-of-dogs-by-florfenicol-terbinafine-and-betamethasone-acetate
#13
Sarah Ehling, Ronald E Baynes, Wolfgang Bäumer
OBJECTIVE To determine the pharmacokinetics of florfenicol, terbinafine, and betamethasone acetate after topical application to canine auricular skin and the influence of synthetic canine cerumen on pharmacokinetics. SAMPLE Auricular skin from 6 euthanized shelter dogs (3 females and 3 neutered males with no visible signs of otitis externa). PROCEDURES Skin adjacent to the external opening of the ear canal was collected and prepared for use in a 2-compartment flow-through diffusion cell system to evaluate penetration of an otic gel containing florfenicol, terbinafine, and betamethasone acetate over a 24-hour period...
March 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426243/external-auditory-canal-dimensions-age-and-cerumen-retention-or-impaction-in-persons-with-down-syndrome
#14
Alexander Edward S Dy, José Florencio F Lapeña
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between age, external auditory canal (EAC) dimensions, and cerumen retention/impaction among persons with Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated EAC dimensions, cerumen retention/impaction, and middle ear status with pneumatoscopy after extraction in 130 persons with DS. Descriptive and inferential statistics correlated age, presence of impacted/retained cerumen, and EAC diameter. RESULTS: Of 260 ears in 67 males and 63 females with average age of 9...
April 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232394/external-auditory-exostoses-in-the-xuchang-and-xujiayao-human-remains-patterns-and-implications-among-eastern-eurasian-middle-and-late-pleistocene-crania
#15
Erik Trinkaus, Xiu-Jie Wu
In the context of Middle and Late Pleistocene eastern Eurasian human crania, the external auditory exostoses (EAE) of the late archaic Xuchang 1 and 2 and the Xujiayao 15 early Late Pleistocene human temporal bones are described. Xujiayao 15 has small EAE (Grade 1), Xuchang 1 presents bilateral medium EAE (Grade 2), and Xuchang 2 exhibits bilaterally large EAE (Grade 3), especially on the right side. These cranial remains join the other eastern Eurasian later Pleistocene humans in providing frequencies of 61% (N = 18) and 58% (N = 12) respectively for archaic and early modern human samples...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224754/prevalence-of-chronic-ear-disease-among-hiv-children-in-sub-saharan-africa
#16
David C Ianacone, Alden F Smith, Margaretha L Casselbrant, Robbert J H Ensink, Farrel Buchinsky, Abebe Melaku, Glenn Isaacson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of chronic ear disease in HIV+, highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART)-treated children and compare this to the prevalence in healthy children of similar age living in a similar setting. INTRODUCTION: From previous clinical work in Ethiopia, we suspected that chronic middle ear disease was common both in the general pediatric population and especially among children with HIV/AIDS. Few studies have examined the prevalence of chronic ear disease in HIV + children, particularly in those treated with HAART...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180914/insights-into-cerumen-and-application-in-diagnostics-past-present-and-future-prospective
#17
REVIEW
Engy Shokry, Nelson Roberto Antoniosi Filho
Cerumen or earwax is an emerging bio-fluid in clinical diagnosis that has been very little exploited during the past decades in spite of its high diagnostic potential. It is highly abundant in diagnostic biomarkers such as genetic material, lipids, proteins, chemical elements, internal and external metabolites ( e.g. hormones, volatile organic compounds, amino acids, xenobiotics etc. ) reaching earwax from the blood circulation. Thus, it is able to reflect not only physiology, pathophysiology of the human body but can also detect recent and long term exposure to environmental pollutants, without the need of invasive blood tests and in the same time overcoming many disadvantages faced by using other diagnostic biological fluids...
October 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152746/referral-patterns-from-emergency-department-to-otolaryngology-clinic
#18
Jonathan C Garneau, Isaac Wasserman, Neeraja Konuthula, Benjamin D Malkin
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with various otolaryngologic disorders are frequently referred to an otolaryngologist for follow-up care. Our aim was to further characterize this group as it has not been well described in the literature. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective study. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of patients seen during an 18-month period in an urban public hospital trauma center adult ED and referred to an otolaryngology clinic for follow-up care...
May 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925660/cerumen-impaction-an-updated-guideline-from-the-aao-hnsf
#19
Lisa Hauk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919799/maple-syrup-urine-disease-mechanisms-and-management
#20
REVIEW
Patrick R Blackburn, Jennifer M Gass, Filippo Pinto E Vairo, Kristen M Farnham, Herjot K Atwal, Sarah Macklin, Eric W Klee, Paldeep S Atwal
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inborn error of metabolism caused by defects in the branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex, which results in elevations of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) in plasma, α-ketoacids in urine, and production of the pathognomonic disease marker, alloisoleucine. The disorder varies in severity and the clinical spectrum is quite broad with five recognized clinical variants that have no known association with genotype. The classic presentation occurs in the neonatal period with developmental delay, failure to thrive, feeding difficulties, and maple syrup odor in the cerumen and urine, and can lead to irreversible neurological complications, including stereotypical movements, metabolic decompensation, and death if left untreated...
2017: Application of Clinical Genetics
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