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Maples, A.

Martin Wolf, Victoria Klang, Tatjana Stojcic, Carola Fuchs, Michael Wolzt, Claudia Valenta
Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) and nano-sized emulsions based on monoacyl-phosphatidylcholine (MAPL) were tested for their effect on physiological skin parameters in vivo during daily application over four weeks. The influence of the basic formulations on transepidermal water loss (TEWL), skin hydration, sebum content and pH was determined once per week and after a recovery period of three weeks. In addition, confocal Raman spectroscopy was employed to evaluate natural moisturising factor and urea content...
August 9, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Yuankan Fang, Sheng Ran, Weiwei Xie, Shen Wang, Ying Shirley Meng, M Brian Maple
We report anomalous physical properties of high-quality single-crystalline FeSi over a wide temperature range of 1.8-400 K. The electrical resistivity ρ(T) can be described by activated behavior with an energy gap Δ = 57 meV between 150 and 67 K, below which the estimated energy gap is significantly smaller. The magneto-resistivity and Hall coefficient change sign in the vicinity of 67 K, suggesting a change of dominant charge carriers. At ∼19 K, ρ(T) undergoes a cross-over from semiconducting to metallic behavior which is very robust against external magnetic fields...
August 6, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Courtland S Hyatt, Chelsea E Sleep, Joanna Lamkin, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Constantine Sedikides, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller
Similarity between narcissism and self-esteem seems intuitive, as both capture positive perceptions of the self. In the current undertaking, we provide a broad comparison of the nomological networks of grandiose narcissism and explicit self-esteem. Pooling data from 11 existing samples (N = 4711), we compared the relations of narcissism and self-esteem to developmental experiences, individual differences, interpersonal functioning, and psychopathology. Both constructs are positively related to agentic traits and assertive interpersonal approaches, but differ in relation to agreeableness/communion...
2018: PloS One
Richard E Marinos, Emily S Bernhardt
Reductions in acid precipitation across North America and Europe have been linked to substantial declines of soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks in temperate forests, but the mechanisms underlying these declines remain poorly understood. As forests recover from acid precipitation, soil pH and calcium fertility are both expected to increase, and these changes in soil chemistry may drive altered SOC dynamics. Here, we performed a year-long pot experiment on acid-impacted soils to test the independent and interactive effects of increased soil pH and Ca fertility on SOC solubility, microbial activity and sugar maple (Acer saccharum) sapling growth...
July 28, 2018: Ecology
Yuesheng Wang, Zimin Feng, Wen Zhu, Vincent Gariépy, Catherine Gagnon, Manon Provencher, Dharminder Laul, René Veillette, Michel L Trudeau, Abdelbast Guerfi, Karim Zaghib
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are in the spotlight because of their potential use in large-scale energy storage devices due to the abundance and low cost of sodium-based materials. There are many SIB cathode materials under investigation but only a few candidate materials such as carbon, oxides and alloys were proposed as anodes. Among these anode materials, hard carbon shows promising performances with low operating potential and relatively high specific capacity. Unfortunately, its low initial coulombic efficiency and high cost limit its commercial applications...
July 26, 2018: Materials
Kimberly A Chapman, Gwendolyn Gramer, Sarah Viall, Marshall L Summar
Incidence for the branched-chain intoxication-type disorders, maple syrup urine disease, propionic acidemia and methlymalonic aciduria is dependent on the population screened. Here newborn screening results from three world regions, state screening laboratories in the United States, a region in Germany and Kuwait provides new incidence numbers. Maple syrup urine disease incidence in the United States was calculated to be 1: 220219, in South-West Germany 1: 119573 (Germany nationwide 1:177978), and in Kuwait 1: 59426...
June 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
José Luis Zepeda-Batista, Gaspar Manuel Parra-Bracamonte, Rafael Núñez-Domínguez, Rodolfo Ramírez-Valverde, Agustín Ruíz-Flores
Heritable abnormalities can cause a reduction in productive performance, structural defects, or death of the animal. There are reports of hereditary abnormalities in Braunvieh cattle from several countries, but no evidence was found on their existence in Mexico. In this study, 28 genes associated with hereditary diseases were screened with the GGP-LD 30K array (GeneSeek® ) in 300 Mexican registered Braunvieh animals. Allelic frequencies of the markers associated with illness were obtained for the following: citrullinaemia, spinal dysmyelination, spinal muscular atrophy, Brows Swiss fertility haplotype 2, congenital muscular dystonia, epidermolysis bullosa, Pompes, maple syrup urine, syndactyly, Weaver syndrome, crooked tail, deficiency of uridine monophosphate synthase, hypotrichosis, Marfan syndrome, and weak calf syndrome...
July 17, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Eliza Szuch, Jeanna Auriemma
Acute onset of encephalopathy is often due to infections or intoxications, but a high index of suspicion should exist for metabolic or autoimmune causes particularly in recurrent cases. A 6-year-old previously healthy Caucasian male presented with confusion and somnolence. He had several days of fever, myalgia, headaches, and rhinorrhea and was influenza-A positive. He was noted to have new urinary incontinence, inability to follow commands, and was responsive only to noxious stimuli. His neurological examination revealed bilateral ankle clonus...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Ayse Zengin, Louise J Maple-Brown, Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Jacqueline R Center, Sandra Eades, Peter R Ebeling
INTRODUCTION: Research on non-communicable diseases (NCD) in Indigenous Australians has mostly focused on diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney or cardiovascular disease. Osteoporosis, characterised by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue, and sarcopenia, the age-related loss of muscle mass and strength, often co-exist with these common NCDs-the combination of which will disproportionately increase bone fragility and fracture risk and negatively influence cortical and trabecular bone...
July 14, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Laura Loucks, Carly Yasinski, Seth D Norrholm, Jessica Maples-Keller, Loren Post, Liza Zwiebach, Devika Fiorillo, Megan Goodlin, Tanja Jovanovic, Albert A Rizzo, Barbara O Rothbaum
This initial feasibility study examined the use of virtual reality exposure therapy (VRE) in the treatment of MST-related PTSD, with newly developed content tailored to MST. Participants included 15 veterans (26% male) with MST-related PTSD. Assessment of PTSD, depression, and psychophysiological indicators of distress occurred at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 3-month follow-up. Treatment included 6-12 VRE sessions. There were significant reductions in pre- to post-treatment PTSD (CAPS severity: t(10) = 3...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Brice Hanberry
Historical GIS involves applying GIS to historical research. Using a unique method, I recovered historical tree survey information stored in bar chart figures of a 1956 publication. I converted PDF files to TIF files, which is a format for a GIS layer. I then employed GIS tools to measure lengths of each bar in the TIF file and used a regression ( R 2  = 97%) to convert bar lengths to numerical values of tree composition. I joined this information to a spatial GIS layer of Indiana, USA. To validate results, I compared predictions against an independent dataset and written summaries...
2018: PeerJ
John Stephenson Thomas, Ingrid K Maple, William Norcross, Virginia C Muckler
PURPOSE: This article describes the implementation of a postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) risk prediction and prophylaxis protocol. DESIGN: This is a retrospective pre/post implementation quality improvement project. METHODS: This project used chart reviews to assess the impact of the implemented PONV assessment and prophylaxis in a sample population of adult females undergoing gynecologic surgical procedures. FINDINGS: The mean number of prophylactic antiemetics administered significantly increased during the postimplementation period from 3...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Sonia D Hudson, Charles A Sims, Asli Z Odabasi, Thomas A Colquhoun, Derek J Snyder, Jennifer J Stamps, Shawn C Dotson, Lorenzo Puentes, Linda M Bartoshuk
Taste and flavor (retronasal olfaction) interact in the brain. The rules of that interaction are not well understood. This study uses 2 taste modifiers that alter sweet to examine the effects on flavors. Subjects used the Global Sensory Intensity Scale to assess the aroma, sweetness, sourness, and flavor of 10 foods. As previous work had shown, miracle fruit added sweetness to acids, which secondarily reduced sourness (mixture suppression) and Gymnema sylvestre reduced sweetness in sweet foods as well as the sweetness induced by miracle fruit...
June 14, 2018: Chemical Senses
Udayakumar Navaneethan, Nirav Thosani, Adam Goodman, Michael Manfredi, Rahul Pannala, Mansour A Parsi, Zachary L Smith, Shelby A Sullivan, Subhas Banerjee, John T Maple
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: VideoGIE: an official video journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Antonella Somma, Robert F Krueger, Kristian E Markon, Serena Borroni, Andrea Fossati
To assess the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the 100-item short form of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5-SF), 2,143 community-dwelling adults (59.6% female), and 706 adult clinical participants (52.4% female) were administered the Italian translation of the PID-5. Clinical participants were also administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-II), and the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+ (PDQ-4+). Item response theory analysis showed that all proposed PID-5-SF items showed adequate item discrimination parameters in both community-dwelling adults and clinical adults...
June 1, 2018: Assessment
Maham Hayat, Sultan Mahmood, John T Maple
A 62-year-old male with long-standing esophageal reflux underwent endoscopy at an outside institution that reported multiple polypoid lesions in upper esophagus and a small focal area of nodular mucosa at the gastroesophageal junction(GEJ). Biopsies of the proximal esophageal polyps demonstrated hyperplastic mucosa with ulceration, reactive epithelial changes, and focal intestinal metaplasia. Biopsies from the nodular GEJ mucosa were described as Barrett's esophagus with low grade dysplasia. An upper endoscopy performed at our medical center found multiple semi-pedunculated esophageal polyps between 18-24 cm from the incisors (Figure A)...
June 11, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Anjaneya S Kathait, Paulo Puac, Mauricio Castillo
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare autosomal-recessive disorder that affects branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolism. It is characterized by accumulation of BCAAs and corresponding branched-chain keto acids of leucine, isoleucine, and valine in plasma, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid. Leucine is toxic to brain cells, leading to cytotoxic edema affecting the myelinated white matter, and involving the corticospinal tracts, thalami, globus palladi, midbrain, dorsal brain stem, and cerebellum. We present a neonate with the classic subtype of MSUD and its imaging features on magnetic resonance imaging...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Lars Hellström, Linus Carlsson, Daniel S Falster, Mark Westoby, Åke Brännström
Branch formation in trees has an inherent tendency toward exponential growth, but exponential growth in the number of branches cannot continue indefinitely. It has been suggested that trees balance this tendency toward expansion by also losing branches grown in previous growth cycles. Here, we present a model for branch formation and branch loss during ontogeny that builds on the phenomenological assumption of a branch carrying capacity. The model allows us to derive approximate analytical expressions for the number of tips on a branch, the distribution of growth modules within a branch, and the rate and size distribution of tree wood litter produced...
July 2018: American Naturalist
Rachel R Anfang, Kris R Jatana, Rebecca L Linn, Keith Rhoades, Jared Fry, Ian N Jacobs
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Ingestion of button batteries (BB) can rapidly lead to caustic esophageal injury in infants and children, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. To identify novel mitigation strategies, we tested common weakly acidic household beverages, viscous liquids, and Carafate® for their ability to act as protective esophageal irrigations until endoscopic removal of the BB. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric and live animal model. METHODS: Apple juice, orange juice, Gatorade®, POWERADE®, pure honey, pure maple syrup, and Carafate® were screened using a 3 V lithium (3 V-CR2032) BB on cadaveric porcine esophagus...
June 11, 2018: Laryngoscope
Kabwe Nkongolo, Gabriel Theriault, Paul Michael
Knowledge of regulation of genes associated with metal resistance in higher plants is very limited. Many plant species have developed different genetic mechanisms and metabolic pathways to cope with metal toxicity. The main objectives of this study were to 1) assess gene expression dynamics of A. rubrum in response to nickel (Ni) stress and 2) describe gene function based on ontology. Certified A. rubrum genotypes were treated with 1,600 mg of Ni per 1 Kg of soil corresponding to a soil total nickel content in a metal-contaminated region in Ontario, Canada...
May 2018: Ecology and Evolution
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