Read by QxMD icon Read


Emerson Tavares de Sousa, Vanessa Feitosa Alves, Fabiana Barros Marinho Maia, Marinês Nobre-Dos-Santos, Franklin Delano Soares Forte, Fábio Correia Sampaio
This research aimed to determine the influence of fluoridated groundwater and 1,100 ppm fluoride dentifrice on biomarkers of exposure to fluoride in preschoolers. A cross-sectional study was performed on thirty preschoolers recruited from naturally fluoridated and non-fluoridated areas (n=15). Total Daily Fluoride Intake (TDFI) from diet and dentifrice, and Daily Urinary Fluoride Excretion (DUFE) was measured over 24 h. Nails samples were collected twice during 30 days. Fluoride analyses were performed using a fluoride-ion-specific electrode...
September 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Haluk Çelik, Adnan Kara, Yavuz Sağlam, İsmail Türkmen, Serkan Aykut, Mehmet Erdil
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the comparative effectiveness of the use of single fluoroscopy versus double fluoroscopy during intramedullary nailing in the oblique position for intertrochanteric femur fractures in terms of surgery and radiation time. METHODS: Fifty-two patients (20 men, 32 women; average age: 78.2 years; range: 69-88 years) were included in the study. While double fluoroscopy was used for 25 patients, single fluoroscopy was used for the remaining 27 patients...
November 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Sefa Giray Batıbay, İsmail Türkmen, Sedat Duman, Savaş Çamur, Necdet Sağlam, Sevilay Batıbay
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine if the use of tranexamic acid (TXA) during intramedullary reaming treatment for tibial diaphyseal fractures was safe, reduced blood loss, or affected cost effectiveness. METHODS: A total of 70 patients with a tibia diaphysis fracture were randomized into 2 groups and prospectively followed for data on blood loss, thrombosis, and fracture healing. Preoperative TXA was administered intravenously to Group A, and Group B served as the control group...
November 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Nissar Shaikh, Zia Mahmood, Syed Imran Ghuori, Arshad Chanda, Adel Ganaw, Qazi Zeeshan, Moad Ehfeda, Ali O Mohamed Belkhair, Muhammad Zubair, Sayed Tarique Kazi, Umaiz Momin
BACKGROUND: Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a multi-organ dysfunction caused by the fat emboli. The diagnostic of FES remains a challenge for clinicians. The clinical criteria including those of Gurd's and Wilson's although universally used for its diagnosis are not specific. Different methods of imaging are increasingly performed in the patients with presumed FES. The objective of this study is to determine whether there is a correlation between the clinical parameters and the imaging findings in confirming the FES diagnosis...
2018: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
Zhen Lai, Shi-Yuan Shi, Jun Fei, Gui-He Han, Sheng-Ping Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of preoperative percutaneous drainage in lumbar tuberculosis with psoas abscess, through compare the clinical efficacy of two different methods. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with lumbar tuberculosis complicated with psoas abscess in corresponding with the inclusion criteria were admitted in Zhejiang Province Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital from January 2015 to January 2017. The patients were divided into group A and group B according to the different therapeutic methods...
November 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Beti Vidmar, Maša Vodovnik
Keratin is a complex and structurally stable protein found in human and animal hard tissues, such as feathers, wool, hair, hoof and nails. Some of these, like feathers and wool, represent one of the main sources of protein-rich waste with significant potential to be transformed into value-added products such as feed, fertilizers or bioenergy. A major limitation impeding valorization of keratinous substrates is their recalcitrant structure and resistance to hydrolysis by common proteases. However, specialized keratinolytic enzymes produced by some microorganisms can efficiently degrade these substrates...
September 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Angela L Hewlett, Heather Hohenberger, Caitlin N Murphy, Lindsay Helget, Heidi Hausmann, Elizabeth Lyden, Paul D Fey, Rodney Hicks
BACKGROUND: Acrylic nails harbor more bacteria than natural nails, and wear is not recommended for health care workers (HCWs). Little is known about the new and popular gel nail products. This study sought to evaluate the bacterial burden of gel nails, standard nail polish, and natural nails on the hands of HCWs. METHODS: The study was conducted at 3 health centers. Nails on the dominant hand of 88 HCWs were painted with gel polish and standard polish. Cultures were obtained on days 1, 7, and 14 of wear and before and after hand hygiene with alcohol hand gel...
December 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
Flávia F Veiga, Lidiane V de Castro-Hoshino, Francielle Sato, Amanda Bombassaro, Vânia A Vicente, Vanessa Mendes, Mauro L Baesso, Melyssa Negri, Terezinha Ie Svidzinski
AIM: To evaluate and characterize the etiopathogenesis of the fusarial onychomycosis in an ex vivo study through fragments of sterile human nail, without the addition of any nutritional source. MATERIALS & METHODS: The infection and invasion of Fusarium oxysporum in the nail were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), CFU, matrix, histopathology and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer coupled to an equipment with diamond accessory (FTIR-ATR). RESULTS: F...
December 3, 2018: Future Microbiology
Zhao Zhe, Zhu Jianjin, Song Fei, He Dawei, Deng Jiuzheng, Chen Fang, Pan Yongwei
OBJECTIVES: Intramedullary (IM) nailing is the preferred method for treatment of femoral shaft fractures. However, for the surgical staff and the patients, exposure to large dose of X-rays is inevitable during the procedure. In this paper, a new technique based on ultrasound is proposed to guide the reduction of femoral fractures, reducing radiation exposure. METHODS AND RESULTS: By means of particular continuous transverse and multiplanar longitudinal scanning, the deformity pattern information of the fracture could be efficiently acquired...
December 3, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Amiya Kumar Mukhopadhyay
In the early and mid-nineteenth century Europe, ringworm of the scalp was a vexing problem. It affected children in such numbers that the famous Hôpital Saint-Louis of Paris had a separate Tinea School. Before advent of radiation method of epilation, painful method of peeling was the mainstay of management. A family bearing title Mahon with no conventional medical training and qualification developed a secret method of epilation which was far superior to the existing method of treatment. Two brothers of this family, whose identity is obscure in the history of dermatology, were given the charge of treatment of such cases in various hospitals of France...
November 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Kinjal D Rambhia, Vidya Kharkar, Sunanda Mahajan, Uday S Khopkar
Schopf-Schulz-Passarge syndrome (SSPS) is a rare type of ectodermal dysplasia that has autosomal recessive inheritance. It is characterized by palmoplantar keratoderma, hypodontia, hypotrichosis, nail dystrophy, and multiple periocular and eyelid apocrine hidrocystomas. A 36-year-old male presented with multiple eyelid and periocular apocrine hidrocystomas, ichthyosis, palmoplantar keratoderma, hypodontia, nail dystrophy, and thin scalp hair. Skin biopsy from a periocular lesion revealed cyst lined with smooth, thin epithelium, and few areas revealed foci of decapitation secretion consistent with apocrine hidrocystoma...
November 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Chander Grover, Shikha Bansal
Nail unit is a complex skin appendage offering natural barrier to drug penetration by virtue of its unique anatomy. This is the reason why topical as well as oral therapies can be largely ineffective when dealing with nail diseases. Intralesional (injectable therapies) offer a practical solution in this scenario. This review aims to summarise the role of different injectable drugs in various nail unit disorders. Various types of intralesional therapies in the nail unit, their techniques of administration, appropriate drugs to be used and optimum treatment protocols are summarised...
November 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Obada Hasan, Aly Zaheer Pathan, Hammad Naqi, Talal Aqueel, Pervaiz Hashmi, Riaz Hussain Lakdawala
Background: Osteopetrosis (OP) is a group of rare inheritable genetic disorders which show increased bone radiodensity on radiography. As no cure exists, careful symptomatic treatment is the mainstay in management due to brittle bone and frequent complications. We would like to present a case series of OP patients, their management, a review of literature about this rare disease and its genetic and inheritance patterns. Materials and methods: Retrospective case series of 6 patients with OP seen at our institution from 2010 to January 2018...
December 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Flavia Franco Veiga, Maiara Ignacio Costa, Érika Seki Kioshima Cótica, Terezinha Inez Estivalet Svidzinski, Melyssa Negri
Onychomycosis is a fungal nail infection, considered as a public health problem because it is contagious and it interferes with the quality of life. It has long and difficult treatment, with many side effects and high cost. Propolis extract (PE) is a potential alternative to conventional antifungal agents because it has low cost, accessibility, and low toxicity. Herein, we report the favorable response of PE in onychomycosis in three elderly patients.
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Mary Vineetha, S Sheeja, M I Celine, M S Sadeep, Seena Palackal, P E Shanimole, S Saranya Das
Background: The incidence of dermatophytosis is increasing over the last few years and there are many cases which are recurrent and chronic. Aim: The aim was to study the host and pathogen factors in dermatophytosis, to identify the species responsible, and to study the histopathological features of chronic dermatophytosis. Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive study conducted in the Department of Dermatology for a period of 1 year and all patients who were clinically diagnosed as dermatophytosis were included...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Mustafa Umut Somuncu, Seda Tukenmez Karakurt, Huseyin Karakurt, Nail Guven Serbest, Mehmet Serkan Cetin, Umit Bulut
The additive effect of hypertension on carotid atherosclerosis in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is well-established; however, the effect of the nondipping pattern has not yet been evaluated. In this study, we aim to assess the effect of the nondipping pattern on carotid atherosclerosis, which is quantified as carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and on the high-risk carotid profile in normotensive patients with OSA. We included 189 patients with OSA in this cross-sectional study. We followed a 2 × 2 factorial design to create groups according to the presence of OSA and nondipping pattern...
November 30, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Maile E Curbo, Kwan J Park, Landon D Brown, Stephen J Incavo
Nail-patella syndrome (NPS) or hereditary onycho-osteodyaplasia is a rare genetic condition involving a mutation in the LMX1B gene affecting nails, elbows, knees, and pelvis. Due to the regulatory functions of the gene in many developmental processes through the body, patients with NPS experience wide-ranging musculoskeletal problems including patellar instability, fingernail anomalies, iliac exostoses/horns, and elbow abnormalities. The patellar changes often involve aplasia, hypoplasia, and chronic dislocation...
November 29, 2018: Knee
Jordi Salvador, Samer Amhaz-Escanlar, Pablo Castillón, Iban Clares, Saioa Quintas, Martí Bernaus, Francesc Anglés, Alberto Jorge-Mora
PURPOSE: Antegrade intramedullary nailing is an alternative for humeral shaft fracture treatment. This surgical technique can be especially demanding in some fracture patterns, leading to problems like malunion and non-union. The purpose of our study is to demonstrate that the use of a nail with cerclage wires could be a safe procedure that facilitate reduction, specially in fractures with abduction of the proximal fragment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six patients were included, from January 2007 to March 2016...
November 24, 2018: Injury
Abeba Mengist, Yibeltal Aschale, Alemayehu Reta
Background: Food handlers with untrimmed finger nails could contribute or serve as a vehicle for the transmission of food poisoning pathogens. Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of bacteria and intestinal parasites among food handlers and antibiotic susceptibility profile of the isolated bacteria in Debre Markos University, Ethiopia. Materials and Methods: This laboratory-based cross-sectional study involved 220 food handlers working in food service establishments in Debre Markos University between 1st January 2015 to 31th June 2016...
2018: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Jia Xu, Gen Wen, Yimin Chai
Thumb reconstruction has been a very challenging issue for hand surgeons. In this report, we present a case of thumb reconstruction with combination of the wrap-around flap prefabricated by the medialis pedis perforator flap with phalanx and nail bed banked from the amputated thumb. A 22-year-old man suffered from the left thumb amputation as well as large soft tissue defect of hand and comminuted fracture in wrist due to a crush accident. The distal phalanx and nail bed of left thumb were exposed and no suitable vessels for microsurgical anastomosis could be found, resulting in the great difficulty of replantation...
November 29, 2018: Microsurgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"