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Enikő Bóna, Zsuzsanna Szél, Dániel Kiss, V Anna Gyarmathy
AIM: In the present study, we aim to assess the prevalence and certain psychological and other correlates of orthorexic tendencies: health and exercise behaviors and demographic variables among gym attendees in Hungary. METHODS: Altogether, responses of 207 gym attendees who filled out an online questionnaire (03/2017-10/2017) were analyzed. The mean age was 31.9 years; most were female and college educated, and about half resided in the capital city. Frequencies and means were calculated for the sample; and univariate linear regression and ANOVA were carried out...
October 20, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Matthew J McAllister, Steven A Basham, Hunter S Waldman, JohnEric Smith, Joni A Mettler, Matthew B Butawan, Richard J Bloomer
PURPOSE: Those engaged in high stress occupations such as firefighters and military personnel are exposed to a variety of psychological and physiological stressors. The combination of mental and physical stress [i.e., dual stress challenges (DSC)] results in significant increases in stress hormones, which causes oxidative stress (OS) and contributes to elevated risk for cardiovascular disease. However, data are needed to determine the impact of DSC on markers of OS in exercise-trained individuals...
October 17, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Shirley Kartaram, Marco Mensink, Marc Teunis, Eric Schoen, Gerrit Witte, Lonneke Janssen Duijghuijsen, Martie Verschuren, Karin Mohrmann, Laura M'Rabet, Karen Knipping, Harriet Wittink, Ardy van Helvoort, Johan Garssen, Renger Witkamp, Raymond Pieters, Klaske van Norren
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Plasma citrulline concentration is considered to be a marker for enterocyte metabolic mass and to reflect its reduction as may occur during intestinal dysfunction. Strenuous exercise can act as a stressor to induce small intestinal injury. Our previous studies suggest that this comprises the intestinal ability to produce citrulline from a glutamine-rich protein bolus. In this study we investigated the effects of different exercise intensities and hydration state on citrulline and iFABP levels following a post-exercise glutamine bolus in healthy young men...
September 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Rasaq Adisa, Olumide Ayodeji Ilesanmi, Titilayo Oyelola Fakeye
BACKGROUND: Treatment adherence play important roles in blood pressure control leading to reduction in morbidity and mortality. This study therefore assessed adherence to pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies among ambulatory hypertensive patients. Reasons for treatment non-adherence, and association between adherence and blood pressure were also investigated. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire-guided interview and retrospective review of medical records of 605-patients from two-tertiary healthcare institutions in Sokoto, Northwestern Nigeria...
October 19, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Nikki Milne, Michael J Simmonds, Wayne Hing
With accumulating evidence that exercise capacity decreases all-cause mortality independent of adiposity, benefits may be gained by developing cardiorespiratory fitness measures that are specifically and sensitively designed for use with pediatric populations when cardiorespiratory fitness may be a contributing factor for obesity. This study aimed to examine the criterion validity of the Modified Shuttle Test-Paeds (MSTP) as a measure of cardiorespiratory fitness in children, against the gold-standard reference; VO₂peak, compared to the commonly used field-test; 20-m Multi-Stage-Shuttle-Run-Test (20-m MSRT)...
October 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Matteo Fiorenza, Thomas P Gunnarsson, Thomas S Ehlers, Jens Bangsbo
AIM: To examine whether hypertensive individuals exhibit altered muscle mitochondrial turnover and redox homeostasis compared with healthy normotensive counterparts, and whether the antihypertensive effect of high-intensity exercise training is associated with improved mitochondrial quality and enhanced anti-oxidant defence. METHODS: In a cross-sectional and longitudinal parallel design, 24 essential hypertensive (HYP) and 13 healthy normotensive (NORM) men completed six weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT)...
October 19, 2018: Acta Physiologica
Audur Ketilsdottir, Brynja Ingadottir, Tiny Jaarsma
AIMS: There are indications that economic crises can affect public health. The aim of this study was to describe characteristics, health status, and socio-economic status of outpatient heart failure (HF) patients several years after a national economic crisis and to assess whether socio-economic factors were associated with patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). METHODS AND RESULTS: In this cross-sectional survey, PROMs were measured with seven validated instruments, as follows: self-care (the 12-item European Heart Failure Self-Care Behaviour scale), HF-related knowledge (Dutch Heart Failure Knowledge Scale), symptoms (Edmonton Symptom Assessment System), sense of security (Sense of Security in Care-'Patients' evaluation'), health status (EQ-5D visual analogue scale), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) (Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire), and anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale)...
October 18, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
Ahmad Shahzad, Muhammad Masood Ahmad, Ijaz Anwer, Noor Ijaz, Maheen Shahzad, Muhammad Usman
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is an emerging public health concern. The aim of this study was to assess the gender-specific knowledge of patients about diabetes mellitus, its complications, and its management. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in outpatient clinics of Faisalabad, Pakistan, from November 2017 to March 2018. Consecutive patients with diabetes, aged >18 years, were administered a validated questionnaire related to knowledge of diabetes, its complications, and its management...
August 8, 2018: Curēus
Whitley J Stone, James W Navalta, T Scott Lyons, Mark A Schafer
Since its inception, the mission of the International Journal of Exercise Science (IJES) has been to engage student researchers, to provide an outlet for peer-review and possible publication of their work, and to grant an opportunity for them to gain experience as peer-reviewers. The Editors of IJES take pride in providing these opportunities for student involvement, and we are constantly seeking new and innovative ways to enhance students' professional development. As our readership has expanded across the globe and our scope has broadened to cross many Kinesiology related disciplines, we believe it is timely to revisit the purpose of peer-review, give advice on best practices, and provide a template for reviews...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Hugo de L Corrêa, Heitor S Ribeiro, Áthila T D Maya, Rodrigo P Neves, Milton R de Moraes, Ricardo M Lima, Otávio T Nóbrega, Aparecido P Ferreira
de L. Corrêa, H, Ribeiro, HS, Maya, ÁTD, Neves, RP, de Moraes, MR, Lima, RM, Nóbrega, OT, and Ferreira, AP. Influence of the ACTN3 genotype and the exercise intensity on the respiratory exchange ratio and excess oxygen consumption after exercise. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study aimed to assess the respiratory exchange ratio (RER) and excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) after high-intensity interval training and continuous moderate-intensity aerobic training in accordance with the ACTN3 genotype...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Rebecca L Kelly, James R Walsh, Jennifer D Paratz, Stephanie T Yerkovich, Scott C McKenzie, Norman R Morris
BACKGROUND: Whilst exercise capacity improves postheart transplantation (HTx), it remains unclear if the level of physical activity (PA) shows similar improvement. The purpose of this study was to (1) describe PA levels and (2) identify factors which may be associated with levels of PA post-HTx. METHODS: A prospective observational cross-sectional study was conducted at a single centre HTx outpatient clinic. Medically stable adult recipients ≥6months post-HTx were recruited...
October 17, 2018: Transplantation
Vitor DE Salles Painelli, Kleiner Márcio Nemezio, Ana Jéssica Pinto, Mariana Franchi, Isabel Andrade, Luiz Augusto Riani, Bryan Saunders, Craig Sale, Roger Charles Harris, Bruno Gualano, Guilherme Giannini Artioli
PURPOSE: Cross-sectional studies suggest that training can increase muscle carnosine (MCarn), although longitudinal studies have failed to confirm this. A lack of control for dietary β-alanine intake or muscle fiber type shifting may have hampered their conclusions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on MCarn. METHODS: Twenty vegetarian men were randomly assigned to a control (CON) (n = 10) or HIIT (n = 10) group...
November 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Craig Moore, Andrew Leaver, David Sibbritt, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: Headache management is common within chiropractic clinical settings; however, little is yet known about how this provider group manage headache sufferers. The aim of this study is to report on the prevalence of headache patients found within routine chiropractic practice and to assess how chiropractors approach key aspects of headache management applicable to primary care settings. METHODS: A 31-item cross-sectional survey was distributed to a national sample of chiropractors (n = 1050) to report on practitioner approach to headache diagnosis, interdisciplinary collaboration, treatment and outcome assessment of headache patients who present with recurrent headache disorders...
October 17, 2018: BMC Neurology
Manabu Akagawa, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Yuji Kasukawa, Yuichi Ono, Yusuke Yuasa, Itsuki Nagahata, Chiaki Sato, Hiroyuki Tsuchie, Hiroyuki Nagasawa, Michio Hongo, Yoichi Shimada
Diabetes mellitus causes secondary osteoporosis and muscle atrophy. The ability of alfacalcidol (ALF) and exercise (Exe) to inhibit osteoporosis and muscle atrophy in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) model rats was examined. Twenty-week-old Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats were randomized to ALF (orally 0.1 μg/kg/day), Exe (treadmill exercise at 10 m/min, 60 min/day, 5 days/week), Comb (ALF and Exe), and Cont (T2DM control treated with vehicle and no exercise) groups (n = 8-10 per group). Sedentary Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka rats were used as a non-hyperphagic control...
2018: PloS One
V M Arakelian, C L Goulart, R G Mendes, F C Caruso, V Baldissera, R Arena, A Borghi-Silva
The objective of this study was to assess cardiovascular, respiratory, and metabolic responses during a commonly used dynamic leg press resistance exercise until exhaustion (TEx) at different intensities and compare with critical load (CL). This was a prospective, cross-sectional, controlled, and crossover study. Twelve healthy young men (23±2.5 years old) participated. The subjects carried out three bouts of resistance exercise in different percentages of 1 repetition maximum (60, 75, and 90% 1RM) until TEx...
October 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Abdullah Hussain, Rohina Khizer Mufti, Maryam Shahid
OBJECTIVE: To find the frequency and determinants of patients preferring complementary and alternative medicine over registered medical doctors.. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Services Hospital, Mayo Hospital and Jinnah Hospital in Lahore, Pakistan, from June 8 to August 20, 2017.A pre-tested self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis. . RESULTS: Of the 385 subjects, 200(51...
June 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Keisuke Shibata, Kazuki Takizawa, Kazunori Nosaka, Masao Mizuno
Shibata, K, Takizawa, K, Nosaka, K, and Mizuno, M. Effects of prolonging eccentric phase duration in parallel back-squat training to momentary failure on muscle cross sectional area, squat one repetition maximum, and performance tests in university soccer players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study aimed to compare 2 squat training programs repeated until momentary failure with different eccentric phase duration (2 seconds vs. 4 seconds) on the changes in muscle cross-sectional area, squat 1 repetition maximum (1RM), squat jump (SJ), and countermovement jump (CMJ) height, agility (T-test), and Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (YY-IR2)...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jen Jen Chen, Dan M Cooper, Fadia Haddad, Anna Sladkey, Eliezer Nussbaum, Shlomit Radom-Aizik
Introduction: Cross-infection risk from contact exposure limits exercise opportunities in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of a new live-streamed platform which delivered supervised and interactive group exercise sessions to CF children via digital devices while avoiding contact exposure. Methods: Ten CF children participated in a 6-week tele-exercise program. The program consisted of three 30-min sessions per week for a total of 18 sessions and included aerobic, resistance, and flexibility exercises...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Rainer Kiss, Simon Schedler, Thomas Muehlbauer
Background: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to quantify and statistically compare correlations between types of balance performance in healthy individuals across the lifespan. Methods: Literature search was performed in the electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science, and SPORTDiscus. Studies were included if they investigated healthy individuals aged ≥6 years and reported measures of static/dynamic steady-state, proactive, and/or reactive balance. The included studies were coded as follows: age group, gender, and balance type, test, parameter...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Lorraine T Dean, Emily A Knapp, Sevly Snguon, Yusuf Ransome, Dima M Qato, Kala Visvanathan
BACKGROUND: Credit scores have been identified as a marker of disease burden. This study investigated credit scores' association with chronic diseases and health behaviours that are associated with chronic diseases. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included data on 2083 residents of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA in 2015. Nine-digit ZIP code level FICO credit scores were appended to individual self-reported chronic diseases (obesity, diabetes, hypertension) and related health behaviours (smoking, exercise, and salt intake and medication adherence among those with hypertension)...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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