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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30516715/the-relationship-between-serum-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-klotho-and-lumbar-spine-bone-mineral-density-in-northern-chinese-postmenopausal-women
#1
Wen Han, Xiao-Juan Bai, Lu-Lu Han, Xue-Feng Sun, Xiang-Mei Chen
OBJECTIVES: Changes in serum protein levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and Klotho resulting from bone metabolism are still controversial. The purpose of this study was to observe the relationship between FGF23 and Klotho serum proteins and lumbar spine bone mineral density (LBMD) in northern Chinese postmenopausal women. METHODS: This was a community-based cross-sectional study carried out in Shenyang, a northern Chinese city. The study included 355 postmenopausal women with an average age of 62...
December 3, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30516305/the-prevalence-and-protective-factors-for-resilience-in-adolescent-aboriginal-australians-living-in-urban-areas-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Christian Young, Jonathan C Craig, Kathleen Clapham, Sandra Banks, Anna Williamson
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and determine protective factors for resilience in urban Aboriginal adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data was collected from 119 Aboriginal adolescents participating in the Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health (SEARCH). Resilience was defined as having 'low-risk' Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire scores on the total difficulties (range: 0-40) or the prosocial scale (range: 0-10)...
December 5, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515401/response-of-sclerostin-and-bone-turnover-markers-to-high-intensity-interval-exercise-in-young-women-does-impact-matter
#3
R Kouvelioti, N Kurgan, B Falk, W E Ward, A R Josse, P Klentrou
This study examined potential exercise-induced changes in sclerostin and in bone turnover markers in young women following two modes of high intensity interval exercise that involve impact (running) or no-impact (cycling). Healthy, recreationally active, females (n=20; 22.5±2.7 years) performed two exercise trials in random order: high intensity interval running (HIIR) on a treadmill and high intensity interval cycling (HIIC) on a cycle ergometer. Trials consisted of eight 1 min running or cycling intervals at ≥90% of maximal heart rate, separated by 1 min passive recovery intervals...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513117/relationship-between-maximal-respiratory-pressures-and-multiple-childbearing-in-brazilian-middle-aged-and-older-women-a-cross-sectional-community-based-study
#4
Ingrid Guerra Azevedo, Saionara Maria Aires da Câmara, Catherine McLean Pirkle, Álvaro Campos Cavalcanti Maciel, Elizabel de Souza Ramalho Viana
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies show that multiparity and a number of chronic conditions are correlated among women. Also, low respiratory muscle strength has been associated to adverse health outcomes such as chronic lung disease and early mortality. This study aimed to investigate associations between the number of lifetime pregnancies and maximal inspiratory/expiratory pressures. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 204 women ages 41-80 years-old, from the rural community of Santa Cruz, Brazil, provided data regarding demographics, socioeconomic characteristics, health behaviors, and number of lifetime pregnancies (≤3, 4-6 or ≥7)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30512984/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension-in-older-people-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Cunjin Wu, Yibo Wang, Weili Zhang, Xin Li, Lin Wang, Rutai Hui
The prevalence and associated risk factors of apparent treatment-resistant hypertension (aTRH) in older people in China is unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of aTRH in older people and describe the characteristics of older patients with aTRH. Using two-stage random clustering sampling, 3774 patients with hypertension aged ≥60-75 years were recruited between July 2012 and December 2015. The patients were divided into two groups: aTRH and non-aTRH groups according to their blood pressure (BP) levels, and whether or not they reached goal BP value...
December 4, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30510428/noncardiac-lebanese-hospitalized-adult-patients-awareness-of-their-coronary-artery-disease-risk-factors
#6
Fatima Ghaddar, Pascale Salameh, Nadine Saleh, Firas Farhat, Ramez Chahine, Nathalie Lahoud, Mira Hleyhel, Rouba K Zeidan
Background: Noncommunicable diseases are the leading cause of death in Lebanon, with cardiovascular diseases accounting for almost half of the annual deaths. Purpose: We aimed to determine awareness of noncardiac Lebanese hospitalized patients for their coronary artery disease risk factors, their level of adherence to medications or lifestyle modifications, and assess factors associated with awareness. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 14 hospitals with a total of 382 patients...
2018: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509277/ast-to-alt-ratio-and-arterial-stiffness-in-non-fatty-liver-japanese-population-a-secondary-analysis-based-on-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
REVIEW
Yongmei Liu, Peiling Zhao, Mingliang Cheng, Lei Yu, Zhuo Cheng, Linda Fan, Chi Chen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed that triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio (henceforth TG/HDL-C) is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and metabolism syndrome. However, there are fewer investigations of the correlations between the aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio and brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between the AST to ALT ratio and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in a Japanese population...
December 3, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508195/cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-long-term-juvenile-dermatomyositis-a-controlled-cross-sectional-study-of-active-inactive-disease
#8
Kristin Schjander Berntsen, Elisabeth Edvardsen, Bjørge Herman Hansen, Berit Flatø, Ivar Sjaastad, Helga Sanner
Objectives: To compare cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) expressed as maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) between patients with long-term JDM and controls and between patients with active and inactive disease, as well as to explore exercise limiting factors and associations between CRF and disease variables. Methods: JDM patients (n = 45) and age- and gender-matched controls (n = 45) performed a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) on a treadmill until exhaustion. Physical activity was measured by accelerometers...
November 30, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507580/spatial-navigation-in-the-elderly-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Marcos Zanco, Jessica Plácido, Valeska Marinho, José Vinicius Ferreira, Felipe Oliveira, Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior, Maria Lage Barca, Knut Engedal, Jerson Laks, Andrea Deslandes
BACKGROUND: Spatial navigation is a fundamental cognitive ability that allows an individual to maintain independence by facilitating the safe movement from one place to another. It emerges as one of the first deficits in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE: To compare spatial navigation performance in the healthy elderly and AD patients through use of the Floor Maze Test (FMT)- an easy-to-apply two-dimensional (2D) maze- and determine which cognitive and functional capacities were associated with performance in this task...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507350/examining-experiential-avoidance-as-a-mediator-of-the-relation-between-anxiety-sensitivity-and-depressive-symptoms
#10
Aliza T Stein, Johnna L Medina, David Rosenfield, Michael W Otto, Jasper A J Smits
Initial evidence suggests that experiential avoidance (EA) mediates the relation between anxiety sensitivity (AS) and depression. We examined the AS-EA-depression pathway, examining both concurrent, and prospective (cross-lag), mediation models. Utilizing data from a study that examined the effects of exercise on AS (N = 60), we modeled depressive symptoms, EA, and AS over four time points. Time-varying predictors were disaggregated into between-subjects (each person's mean level of the predictor) and within-subjects change (each person's deviations, at each time point, from their mean level on the predictor) components...
December 3, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507325/french-translation-and-validation-of-the-exercise-induced-leg-pain-questionnaire
#11
Charlotte Beaudart, Thibaut Hagelstein, Julien Van Beveren, Bernard Godon, Olivier Bruyère, Jean-François Kaux
OBJECTIVE: The "Exercise-Induced Leg Pain" questionnaire was developed (in German) for the evaluation of the severity of symptoms and sports ability in individuals with exercise-induced leg pain. The purpose of the present study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt this questionnaire into French and to study the reliability and validity of this French-language version. METHODS: The translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the original "Exercise-Induced Leg Pain" was performed according to established guidelines...
December 3, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507267/ingesting-a-12-carbohydrate-electrolyte-beverage-before-each-half-of-a-soccer-match-simulation-facilitates-retention-of-passing-performance-and-improves-high-intensity-running-capacity-in-academy-players
#12
Paola Rodriguez-Giustiniani, Ian Rollo, Oliver C Witard, Stuart D R Galloway
This study investigated the influence of ingesting a 12% carbohydrate plus electrolyte (CHO-E) solution providing 60 g of carbohydrate before each half of a 90-min soccer match simulation (SMS) protocol on skill performance, sprint speed and high-intensity running capacity. Eighteen elite academy (age 18±2 y) soccer players ingested two 250 mL doses (pre-exercise and at half-time) of a 12% CHO-E solution or electrolyte placebo administered in a double-blind randomised cross-over design. During an indoor (artificial grass pitch) SMS, dribbling, passing and sprint performance were assessed, and blood was drawn for glucose and lactate analysis...
December 3, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30506889/critical-reflexivity-in-indigenous-and-cross-cultural-psychology-a-decolonial-approach-to-curriculum
#13
Emily Castell, Jonathan Bullen, Darren Garvey, Nicola Jones
Critical reflexivity is a mechanism for working toward decoloniality in higher education, with the potential to prompt students' to critique the contexts in which they are embedded, and facilitate transformative learning. We present a critical examination of the tensions surrounding decoloniality and critical reflexivity in an undergraduate unit on Indigenous and cross-cultural psychology at a large Australian university. We invited students in the unit to participate in a written reflexive exercise at the beginning (N = 44) and end of semester (N = 23) and analyzed these reflections qualitatively for level (four-category scheme for coding) and content (causal layered analysis) of reflection...
December 2, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30506015/a-health-needs-assessment-of-the-filipino-american-community-in-the-greater-las-vegas-area
#14
Saruna Ghimire, Prescott Cheong, Lawrence Sagadraca, Lung-Chang Chien, Francisco S Sy
Purpose: The number of Filipino Americans in Las Vegas, Nevada, is growing considerably, but no research to date has assessed the specific health needs of this burgeoning population. Thus, this study aims to assess health behaviors, perceived community health problems, and self-reported diseases/conditions among Filipino Americans in the Greater Las Vegas area and evaluate any difference by gender. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 Filipino American adults residing in the Greater Las Vegas area using a prevalidated instrument...
2018: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30501955/health-belief-model-scale-and-theory-of-planned-behavior-scale-to-assess-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-injury-prevention-program-participation-an-exploratory-factor-analysis
#15
Emily H Gabriel, Matthew C Hoch, Robert J Cramer
OBJECTIVES: To examine the psychometric properties of the Health Belief Model Scale (HBMS) and Theory of Planned Behavior Scale (TPBS), and determine construct validity by evaluating which subscales were most associated with intention to participate in an Exercise-related Injury Prevention Program (ERIPP) within physically active adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty-four physically active individuals volunteered to participate in this study and completed the HBMS and TPBS on one occasion...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30500865/a-cross-sectional-study-of-national-outpatient-gastric-acid-suppressant-prescribing-in-the-united-states-between-2009-and-2015
#16
Hannah Bustillos, Kelsey Leer, Amanda Kitten, Kelly R Reveles
PURPOSE: Gastric acid suppressants are commonly used in the United States, and while generally well-tolerated, long-term use has been associated with infection, bone fractures, and nutrient malabsorption. The purpose of this study was to describe national trends in gastric acid suppressant use over a 7-year period. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2009 to 2015. Gastric acid suppressant use was defined as any outpatient visit with a documented prescription for a proton pump inhibitor or histamine-2 receptor antagonist documented during the outpatient visit...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30500785/supervised-threshold-based-heart-sound-classification-algorithm
#17
Wei Han, Zuyuan Yang, Jun Lu, Shengli Xie
OBJECTIVE: Deep classification networks have been one of the predominant methods for classifying heart sound recordings. To satisfy their demand for sample size, the most commonly used method for data augmentation is that which divides each heart sound instance into a number of segments, with each segment labelled as the same category as its origin and used as a new sample for training or forecasting. However, performing this poses a crucial issue as to how to determine the category of a predicted heart sound instance from its segments' prediction results...
November 30, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30500720/management-of-thoracic-spine-pain-and-dysfunction-a-survey-of-clinical-practice-in-the-uk
#18
Nicola R Heneghan, S Gormley, C Hallam, Alison Rushton
BACKGROUND: The thoracic spine (TS) is relatively under-researched compared to the neck and low back. As the challenge of managing spinal pain persists, understanding current physiotherapy clinical practice for TS pain and dysfunction is necessary to inform future research in this area. OBJECTIVE: To investigate physiotherapy practice for managing thoracic spine pain and dysfunction (TSPD) in the UK, with a secondary focus on examining differences across settings and expertise...
November 22, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499423/sex-specific-association-between-serum-uric-acid-and-elevated-alanine-aminotransferase-in-a-military-cohort-the-chief-study
#19
Jia-Wei Lin, Kun-Zhe Tsai, Kai-Wen Chen, Fang-Ying Su, Yi-Hwei Li, Yen-Po Lin, Chih-Lu Han, Felicia Lin, Yu-Kai Lin, Chung-Bao Hsieh, Gen-Min Lin
AIM: The study was conducted in order to examine the sex-specific association of serum uric acid (SUA) levels with elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in a Taiwanese military cohort. METHODS: We made a cross-sectional examination of the sex-specific relationship using 6728 men and 766 women, aged 18-50 years from a large military cohort in Taiwan. SUA levels within the reference range (<7.0 mg/dL for men and <5.7 mg/dL for women respectively) were divided into quartiles and SUA levels greater than the upper reference limits were defined as hyperuricemia...
November 29, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498823/nutrition-daily-walking-and-resilience-are-associated-with-physical-function-in-the-oldest-old-men
#20
S K Jyväkorpi, A Urtamo, K H Pitkälä, T E Strandberg
BACKGROUND: Maintaining good physical functioning in old age is of utmost importance for healthy and active aging. We examined physical function and associated factors in the oldest-old men. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The participants of this cross sectional analysis of a longitudinal study were the oldest old men( n=394, mean age 88 years, range 82-97 years) from the Helsinki Business Men cohort who responded to a postal health and nutrition survey in 2016. Physical function was defined using the respective subscale (Physical Function, PF) in the RAND-36 health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instrument...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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