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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683999/normothermic-ex-vivo-kidney-perfusion-reduces-warm-ischemic-injury-of-porcine-kidney-grafts-retrieved-after-circulatory-death-dcd
#1
Matyas Hamar, Peter Urbanellis, Moritz Johann Kaths, Dagmar Kollmann, Ivan Linares, Sujani Ganesh, Aryn Wiebe, Jun Yu Cen, Paul M Yip, Rohan John, Ana Konvalinka, Istvan Mucsi, Anand Ghanekar, Darius Bagli, David R Grant, Lisa A Robinson, Markus Selzner
BACKGROUND: Cold storage is poorly tolerated by kidney grafts retrieved after Donation after Circulatory Death (DCD). It has been determined that normothermic ex vivo kidney perfusion (NEVKP) preservation decreases injury by minimizing cold ischemic storage. The impact of NEVKP on warm ischemic injury is unknown. METHODS: We compared pig kidneys retrieved after 30minutes warm ischemia and immediate transplantation (no-preservation) with grafts that were exposed to 30min of warm ischemia plus 8hr NEVKP or plus 8hr SCS...
April 21, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679833/the-contribution-of-cattle-urine-and-dung-to-nitrous-oxide-emissions-quantification-of-country-specific-emission-factors-and-implications-for-national-inventories
#2
D R Chadwick, L M Cardenas, M S Dhanoa, N Donovan, T Misselbrook, J R Williams, R E Thorman, K L McGeough, C J Watson, M Bell, S G Anthony, R M Rees
Urine patches and dung pats from grazing livestock create hotspots for production and emission of the greenhouse gas, nitrous oxide (N2 O), and represent a large proportion of total N2 O emissions in many national agricultural greenhouse gas inventories. As such, there is much interest in developing country specific N2 O emission factors (EFs) for excretal nitrogen (EF3, pasture, range and paddock) deposited during gazing. The aims of this study were to generate separate N2 O emissions data for cattle derived urine and dung, to provide an evidence base for the generation of a country specific EF for the UK from this nitrogen source...
April 18, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677080/corm-401-reduces-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-an-ex-vivo-renal-porcine-model-of-the-donation-after-cardiac-death
#3
Rabindra N Bhattacharjee, Mahms Richard-Mohamed, Qizhi Sun, Aaron Haig, Ghaleb Aboalsamh, Peter Barrett, Richard Mayer, Ibrahim Alhasan, Karen Pineda-Solis, Larry Jiang, Hajed Alharbi, Manujendra Saha, Eric Patterson, Alp Sener, Gediminas Cepinskas, Anthony M Jevnikar, Patrick P W Luke
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) inhalation protects organ by reducing inflammation and cell death during transplantation processes in animal model. However, using CO in clinical transplantation is difficult due to its delivery in a controlled manner. A manganese-containing CORM-401 has recently been synthesized which can efficiently deliver 3 molar equivalents of CO. We report the ability of this anti-inflammatory CORM-401 to reduce ischemia reperfusion injury associated with prolonged cold storage of renal allografts obtained from donation after cardiac death in a porcine model of transplantation...
April 19, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656792/training-children-aged-5-10-years-in-manual-compliance-control-to-improve-drawing-and-handwriting
#4
Geoffrey P Bingham, Winona Snapp-Childs
A large proportion of school-aged children exhibit poor drawing and handwriting. This prevalence limits the availability of therapy. We developed an automated method for training improved manual compliance control and relatedly, prospective control of a stylus. The approach included a difficult training task, while providing parametrically modifiable support that enables the children to perform successfully while developing good compliance control. The task was to use a stylus to push a bead along a 3D wire path...
April 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643992/description-of-organ-specific-phenotype-and-functional-characteristics-of-tissue-resident-lymphocytes-from-liver-transplantation-donor-and-research-on-immune-tolerance-mechanism-of-liver
#5
Yunpeng Shi, Ping Zhang, Guangyi Wang, Xingkai Liu, Xiaodong Sun, Xin Zhang, Haijun Li, Jun Qi, Lei Ding, Ting Li, Ruoyan Zhang, Yuguo Chen, Jianpeng Zhou, Guoyue Lv, Zhengkun Tu
Aim: Prior to transplantation, Donation after Cardiac Death (DCD) liver transplantation livers are perfused with preservation solution. Therefore, this provides an abundant source of human liver lymphocytes, as well as mesenteric lymph node and spleen for the study of lymphocyte subset diversity in the peripheral blood, lymph node, spleen and liver. Methods: Lymphocyte subsets were isolated and purified from peripheral blood, lymph node, spleen and liver perfusion, the phenotypic and functional analysis of the tissue resident lymphocyte were performed by flow cytometry...
March 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628909/interhemispheric-cortical-inhibition-is-reduced-in-young-adults-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#6
Jason L He, Ian Fuelscher, Peter G Enticott, Wei-Peng Teo, Pamela Barhoun, Christian Hyde
Introduction: While the etiology of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is yet to be established, brain-behavior modeling provides a cogent argument that neuropathology may subserve the motor difficulties typical of DCD. We argue that a number of the core behavioral features of the DCD profile (such as poor surround inhibition, compromised motor inhibition, and the presence of mirror movements) are consistent with difficulties regulating inhibition within the primary motor cortex (M1)...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623050/linear-and-nonlinear-analyses-of-the-cardiac-autonomic-control-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-case-control-study
#7
Jorge L Cavalcante Neto, Antonio R Zamunér, Bianca C Moreno, Ester Silva, Eloisa Tudella
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) and children at risk for DCD (r-DCD) present motor impairments interfering in their school, leisure and daily activities. In addition, these children may have abnormalities in their cardiac autonomic control, which together with their motor impairments, restrict their health and functionality. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the cardiac autonomic control, by linear and nonlinear analysis, at supine and during an orthostatic stimulus in DCD, r-DCD and typically developed children...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611868/health-related-quality-of-life-and-peer-relationships-in-adolescents-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Deborah Dewey, Anna Volkovinskaia
AIM: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and peer relationships were investigated in adolescents with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: Adolescents with DCD (n=9), ADHD (n=9), DCD and ADHD (n=10), and typically developing adolescents (n=16) completed the following questionnaires: KIDSCREEN-52 Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire and Peer Relations Questionnaire for Children. Twenty-five participants took part in semi-structured interviews...
April 3, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605507/developmental-dysgraphia-is-often-associated-with-minor-neurological-dysfunction-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-dcd
#9
Clémence Lopez, Cherhazad Hemimou, Bernard Golse, Laurence Vaivre-Douret
OBJECTIVES: Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are particularly affected by handwriting disorders, which remain poorly understood and are not clearly defined. The aim of our study is to provide a better understanding of handwriting disorders, and specifically of dysgraphia in children with DCD. METHODS: Sixty-five children with DCD (5-15 years), enrolled according to DSM-5, were assessed with handwriting testing and standardized assessments of neuropsychological, neurovisual, MRI and neuropsychomotor functions, with special attention paid to muscular tone examination...
March 28, 2018: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604237/expanding-the-donor-pool-donation-after-circulatory-death-and-living-liver-donation-does-not-compromise-the-results-of-liver-transplantation
#10
Dagmar Kollmann, Gonzalo Sapisochin, Nicolas Goldaracena, Bettina E Hansen, Ramraj Rajakumar, Nazia Selzner, Mamatha Bhat, Stuart McCluskey, Mark S Cattral, Paul D Greig, Les Lilly, Ian D McGilvray, Anand Ghanekar, David R Grant, Markus Selzner
By cause of the shortfall between the number of patients listed for liver transplantation (LT) and available grafts, strategies to expand the donor pool have been developed. Donation after Circulatory Death (DCD) and Living donor (LD) grafts are not universally used due to the concerns of graft failure, biliary complications and donor risks. In order to overcome the barriers for the implementation of using all three types of grafts, we compared outcomes after LT of DCD, LD and donation after brain death (DBD) grafts...
March 31, 2018: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602202/renal-resistance-trend-during-hypothermic-machine-perfusion-is-more-predictive-of-postoperative-outcome-than-biopsy-score-preliminary-experience-in-35-consecutive-kidney-transplantations
#11
Massimiliano Bissolati, Paolo Giovanni Gazzetta, Rossana Caldara, Giovanni Guarneri, Olga Adamenko, Fabio Giannone, Michele Mazza, Giulia Maggi, Deborah Tomanin, Riccardo Rosati, Antonio Secchi, Carlo Socci
Hypothermic machine perfusion (HPM) grants a better postoperative outcome in transplantation of organs procured from extended criteria donors (ECDs) and donors after cardiac death (DCD). So far, the only available parameter for outcome prediction concerning those organs is pretransplant biopsy score. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether renal resistance (RR) trend during HPM may be used as a predictive marker for post-transplantation outcome. From December 2015 to present, HMP has been systematically applied to all organs from ECDs and DCD...
March 30, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579864/outcomes-of-liver-transplantation-using-older-donors-after-circulatory-death-and-the-super-rapid-technique-14-cases
#12
P Ramirez, D Ferreras, B Febrero, M Royo, P Cascales, J M Rodriguez, A Rios, J A Fernandez, M R González, F Sanchez-Bueno, R Robles, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) has increased in the last decade, although a slight increase in surgical complications has been reported in liver transplantation (LT). Therefore, DCD is not recommended with donors aged 60 years or more because it entails an added risk. However, donation after brain death (DBD)-LT with donors aged 70 years or more shows acceptable results. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze the characteristics and complications of DCD-LT with donors aged 70 years or more (DCD-70)...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579845/results-of-controlled-donation-after-circulatory-death-in-a-third-level-hospital
#13
N Palomo-López, L Martín-Villén, Á J Roldán-Reina, Z Ruiz de Azúa-López, D X Cuenca-Apolo, M Adriaensens-Pérez, Y Corcia-Palomo, J J Egea-Guerrero
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics and evolution of controlled donation after circulatory death (DCD) type III. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational and retrospective study of controlled DCD type III of donors conducted from 2014 to 2016. Clinical data, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, cause of death, warm ischemia time, and total time were collected. Delayed graft function (DGF) and survival of renal transplant were also registered. Qualitative variables are described as frequencies and absolute values and quantitative variables as medians and interquartile ranges...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579844/postoperative-care-in-kidney-transplantation-a-comparison-between-controlled-and-uncontrolled-donation-after-circulatory-death
#14
Á J Roldán-Reina, J J Egea-Guerrero, N Palomo-López, D X Cuenca-Apolo, M Adriaensens-Pérez, M Porras-López, Z Ruiz de Azúa-López, Y Corcia-Palomo, L Martín-Villén
Recent research in kidney transplantation has revealed differences in the evolution of renal function among patients transplanted from 2 alternative programs for donation after circulatory death (DCD). A retrospective, observational, single-center study was carried out from 2013 to 2016 at a level III hospital intensive care unit (ICU) to assess the progression of kidney recipients after transplants from uncontrolled DCD (uDCD) or controlled DCD (cDCD). The following variables were collected for data analysis: demographics, comorbidities, type of donation, lactate, hemoglobin and glucose levels at ICU admission, creatinine concentration at ICU admission, at-hospital ward transfer, at-hospital discharge, radioisotope imaging results, ICU and in-hospital length of stay, and mortality...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579767/donation-after-brain-death-versus-donation-after-circulatory-death-lung-donor-management-issues
#15
Gregory I Snell, Bronwyn J Levvey, Kovi Levin, Miranda Paraskeva, Glen Westall
Lung transplantation (LTx) has traditionally been limited by a lack of suitable donor lungs. With the recognition that lungs are more robust than initially thought, the size of the donor pool of available lungs has increased dramatically in the past decade. Donation after brain death (DBD) and donation after circulatory death (DCD) lungs, both ideal and extended are now routinely utilized. DBD lungs can be damaged. There are important differences in the public's understanding, legal and consent processes, intensive care unit strategies, lung pathophysiology, logistics, and potential-to-actual donor conversion rates between DBD and DCD...
April 2018: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578996/role-of-pediatric-physical-therapists-in-promoting-sports-participation-in-developmental-coordination-disorder
#16
Imke L J Adams, Wenke Broekkamp, Peter H Wilson, Christine Imms, Anneloes Overvelde, Bert Steenbergen
PURPOSE: To explore the role of pediatric physical therapists (PPT) in promoting sports participation in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and identify associated barriers and facilitators. METHODS: Questionnaires were provided to 243 PPTs. Qualitative, semistructured, in-depth interviews were administered with the PPTs, children with DCD, and parents. RESULTS: Approximately 67% of questionnaires were returned. Approximately 46% of PPTs were active in guiding children with DCD to sports clubs...
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570164/the-benefits-of-hypothermic-machine-preservation-and-short-cold-ischemia-times-in-deceased-donor-kidneys
#17
Jjhfm Kox, C Moers, D Monbaliu, A Strelniece, J Treckmann, I Jochmans, Hgd Leuvenink, Lwe Van Heurn, J Pirenne, A Paul, R J Ploeg
BACKGROUND: Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) of deceased donor kidneys is associated with better outcome when compared to static cold storage (CS). Nevertheless, there is little evidence whether kidneys with short cold ischemia time (CIT) also benefit from HMP and whether HMP can safely extend CIT. METHODS: We analysed prospectively collected data from the Machine Preservation Trial, an international randomized controlled trial. 752 Consecutive renal transplants were included: 1 kidney of each of the 376 donors was preserved by HMP, the contralateral organ was preserved by CS...
March 22, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563924/an-asparagine-rich-protein-nbnrp1-modulate-verticillium-dahliae-protein-pevd1-induced-cell-death-and-disease-resistance-in-nicotiana-benthamian-a
#18
Yingbo Liang, Shichun Cui, Xiaoli Tang, Yi Zhang, Dewen Qiu, Hongmei Zeng, Lihua Guo, Jingjing Yuan, Xiufen Yang
PevD1 is a fungal protein secreted by Verticillium dahliae . Our previous researches showed that this protein could induce hypersensitive responses-like necrosis and systemic acquired resistance (SAR) in cotton and tobacco. To understand immune activation mechanisms whereby PevD1 elicits defense response, the yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) assay was performed to explore interacting protein of PevD1 in Arabidopsis thaliana , and a partner AtNRP (At5g42050) was identified. Here, AtNRP homolog in Nicotiana benthamiana was identified and designated as Nbnrp1...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559417/wrist-position-sense-acuity-and-its-relation-to-motor-dysfunction-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#19
Yu-Ting Tseng, Chia-Liang Tsai, Fu-Chen Chen, Jürgen Konczak
This study obtained objective measures of wrist position sense to verify that children with DCD have proprioceptive deficits. In addition, it examined the relationship of wrist proprioceptive impairment with fine motor and balance function. Twenty children with DCD and thirty typically developing children (TD) aged 10-11 years old were recruited and screened using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC-2). The DCD group had total MABC-2 score below 5th percentile, and TD group was above 25th percentile...
March 17, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556211/deficits-in-visuo-motor-temporal-integration-impacts-manual-dexterity-in-probable-developmental-coordination-disorder
#20
Satoshi Nobusako, Ayami Sakai, Taeko Tsujimoto, Takashi Shuto, Yuki Nishi, Daiki Asano, Emi Furukawa, Takuro Zama, Michihiro Osumi, Sotaro Shimada, Shu Morioka, Akio Nakai
The neurological basis of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is thought to be deficits in the internal model and mirror-neuron system (MNS) in the parietal lobe and cerebellum. However, it is not clear if the visuo-motor temporal integration in the internal model and automatic-imitation function in the MNS differs between children with DCD and those with typical development (TD). The current study aimed to investigate these differences. Using the manual dexterity test of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (second edition), the participants were either assigned to the probable DCD (pDCD) group or TD group...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
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