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Pharmacology in dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093804/current-perspectives-regarding-the-application-and-incorporation-of-silver-nanoparticles-into-dental-biomaterials
#1
REVIEW
Mihai Flaviu Şuhani, Grigore Băciuţ, Mihaela Băciuţ, Raluca Şuhani, Simion Bran
Introduction: The key idea of nanotechnology is to construct and preserve functional structures by means of exploiting atoms and molecules. Nanotechnology has proven to be crucial in pharmacological medicine, tissue engineering, clinical diagnosis, long term conservation of biological tissues in a cryogenic state, protein detection, tumor destruction and magnetic resonance imaging.The aim of this paper is to review the literature on the specific characteristics of nanostructured materials, their applications and advantages that they bring to dentistry...
July 2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29976791/polypharmacy-and-off-label-drug-use-in-dentistry-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-california-dental-hygienists
#2
Kristen M Stephens, Tara Johnson, JoAnn R Gurenlian
Purpose: This study examined the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of dental hygienists, licensed in the state of California, regarding polypharmacy and off-label drug use for purposes in dentistry. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) related to off-label drug use and polypharmacy via an online survey tool. The study sample included licensed dental hygienists, who were members of the Long Beach and Tri-County Dental Hygienists' Associations located in Southern California (n=360)...
June 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858259/is-maximal-dosage-for-local-anesthetics-taught-consistently-across-u-s-dental-schools-a-national-survey
#3
Dean M DeLuke, Darriel Cannon, Caroline Carrico, B Ellen Byrne, Daniel M Laskin
Administration of safe and effective local anesthesia is a cornerstone of dental practice, but there is some discrepancy in recommendations for maximum doses, with the Council on Dental Therapeutics and American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry's guidelines differing from the guidelines of manufacturers and contemporary textbooks. The aim of this study was to determine the level of uniformity across U.S. dental schools in teaching maximal safe doses for commonly used local anesthetics. Faculty members primarily responsible for teaching local anesthesia to dental students at all 62 U...
June 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695896/complex-interrelations-between-self-reported-oral-health-attitudes-and-behaviors-the-oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#4
Alexandra Lucia Vigu, Dorin Stanciu, Lucia Maria Lotrean, Radu Septimiu Campian
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a moderated mediation model that was able to describe the relationships between oral health-related attitudes and behaviors, oral health status (OHS), and oral health-related quality of life. The hypothesized relations corresponded to research questions such as "is a person's oral health predicted by the actions that person takes in order to prevent oral health conditions?" and "do individuals with better oral health also have higher levels of oral health-related quality of life?"...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437842/relationship-between-dental-hygiene-students-performance-in-an-oral-radiology-course-and-the-national-board-dental-hygiene-examination-a-retrospective-study
#5
Hui Liang, Janice P DeWald, Eric S Solomon
Dental hygiene students' performance in oral radiology courses may give an early indication of their readiness prior to taking the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between dental hygiene students' performance in an oral radiology lecture course and their performance on the NBDHE. Data were collected for all 117 dental hygiene students at Texas A&M University College of Dentistry from 2006 to 2009 who took the NBDHE during their second year of the program...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400625/undisclosed-conflicts-of-interest-among-biomedical-textbook-authors
#6
Brian J Piper, Drew A Lambert, Ryan C Keefe, Phoebe U Smukler, Nicolas A Selemon, Zachary R Duperry
BACKGROUND: Textbooks are a formative resource for health care providers during their education and are also an enduring reference for pathophysiology and treatment. Unlike the primary literature and clinical guidelines, biomedical textbook authors do not typically disclose potential financial conflicts of interest (pCoIs). The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the authors of textbooks used in the training of physicians, pharmacists, and dentists had appreciable undisclosed pCoIs in the form of patents or compensation received from pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies...
April 2018: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#7
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196905/oncology-curricula-in-postgraduate-general-dentistry-programs-a-survey-of-residency-program-directors
#8
Evan B Rosen, Alexander Drew, Joseph M Huryn
Management of patients undergoing treatment for cancer requires a multidisciplinary team including general dentistry providers; however, the relative knowledge and training of general dentists in the management of this patient population are relatively unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the oncology curricula of postgraduate general dentistry training programs, from the perspective of the program directors, to better understand the opportunities for and/or barriers to dental care for cancer patients...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947693/-oral-healthcare-for-the-persons-with-special-needs
#9
Ichijiro Morisaki
The field of special care dentistry is rapidly gaining recognition as a service that should be provided to the persons with physical, mental or intellectual disabilities by general practitioner, pediatric or geriatric dentists as well as dental hygienists. Because the oral healthcare and dental treatments are given in the narrow space of oral cavity and also accompanying technical difficulties with high risk of injury, the special needs patients are treated under being controlled their behavior or body motion by applying psychological, physical or pharmacological techniques...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913645/local-analgesia-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-of-techniques-and-pharmacologic-agents
#10
REVIEW
G Klingberg, K Ridell, S Brogårdh-Roth, M Vall, H Berlin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evidence supporting effects and adverse effects of local analgesia using different pharmacological agents and injection techniques during dental treatment in children and adolescents aged 3-19 years. METHODS: A systematic literature search of databases including PubMed, Cochrane, and Scopus was conducted in November 2016. The PRISMA-statement was followed. Two review authors independently assessed the selected randomised control trials for risk of bias and quality...
October 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866015/chitosan-as-biomaterial-in-drug-delivery-and-tissue-engineering
#11
REVIEW
Saad M Ahsan, Mathai Thomas, Kranthi K Reddy, Sujata Gopal Sooraparaju, Amit Asthana, Ira Bhatnagar
Chitin is one of the most abundant polysaccharide found on earth. The deacetylated form of chitin viz. chitosan has been reported for its various important pharmacological properties and its role in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine is also well documented. Chitosan based bone graft substitutes are biocompatible, biodegradable, osteoconductive, osteoinductive and structurally similar to bone, with excellent mechanical strength and cost effectiveness. Chitosan based hydrogels and wound healing bandages have also found a great market in the field of medicine...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847300/analgesics-in-pregnancy-an-update-on-use-safety-and-pharmacokinetic-changes-in-drug-disposition
#12
Hayley R Price, Abby C Collier
BACKGROUND: Although medications should only be prescribed in pregnancy if benefits to the mother outweigh the risk to the fetus, drug use in pregnancy especially prescribed and over-the-counter analgesics, is very common. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to present an update on known changes in analgesic disposition in pregnancy caused by pharmacokinetic mechanisms. METHOD: Herein, we discuss a wide range of medical, biomedical and scientific literature that includes reports from the fields of dentistry, general medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, pharmacology and toxicology to provide an update on the use (including indications, contraindications and concerns) of major classes of analgesics during human pregnancy...
2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840947/the-conceptualization-of-childhood-in-north-american-pediatric-dentistry-texts-a-discursive-case-study-analysis
#13
Nora Makansi, Franco A Carnevale, Mary Ellen Macdonald
BACKGROUND: In recent years, conceptions of childhood have been evolving towards an increased recognition of children as active agents, capable of participating in the determination of their wellbeing. In pediatric dentistry, the extent to which these conceptions are being discursively endorsed is not well known. AIM: The aim of this investigation was to examine the discursive construction of childhood in seminal North American pedagogical dentistry materials. DESIGN: We conducted a qualitative discourse analysis of a sample of prominent texts using a sociological discourse analysis approach...
March 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821522/evidence-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-management-of-dental-fear-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
REVIEW
Stefano Cianetti, Luigi Paglia, Roberto Gatto, Alessandro Montedori, Eleonora Lupatelli
INTRODUCTION: Several techniques have been proposed to manage dental fear/dental anxiety (DFA) in children and adolescents undergoing dental procedures. To our knowledge, no widely available compendium of therapies to manage DFA exists. We propose a study protocol to assess the evidence regarding pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to relieve dental anxiety in children and adolescents. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In our systematic review, we will include randomised trials, controlled clinical rials and systematic reviews (SRs) of trials that investigated the effects of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to decrease dental anxiety in children and adolescents...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691744/dentists-attitudes-towards-acute-pharmacological-pain-management-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Henrik Berlin, Thomas List, Karin Ridell, Gunilla Klingberg
AIM: This study aimed to investigate Swedish dentists' attitudes regarding pain management strategies for treating children and adolescents. It assessed recommendations for pre- and postoperative analgesics, and use of local anaesthesia, and whether application of these strategies differs between general dental practitioners (GDPs) and specialists in paediatric dentistry (SPDs). DESIGN: We invited all GDPs (n = 807) in southern Sweden (Region Skåne), and all registered SPDs (n = 122) working in Sweden (929 actively practising dentists under age 65 years) to participate in a postal survey on pain management in paediatric dental care...
March 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511093/hypoxia-based-strategies-for-regenerative-dentistry-views-from-the-different-dental-fields
#16
REVIEW
Anna Sonja Müller, Klara Janjić, Bledar Lilaj, Michael Edelmayer, Hermann Agis
The understanding of the cell biological processes underlying development and regeneration of oral tissues leads to novel regenerative approaches. Over the past years, knowledge on key roles of the hypoxia-based response has become more profound. Based on these findings, novel regenerative approaches for dentistry are emerging, which target cellular oxygen sensors. These approaches include hypoxia pre-conditioning and pharmacologically simulated hypoxia. The increase in studies on hypoxia and hypoxia-based strategies in regenerative dentistry highlights the growing attention to hypoxia's role in regeneration and its underlying biology, as well as its application in a therapeutic setting...
September 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223859/histatin-peptides-pharmacological-functions-and-their-applications-in-dentistry
#17
REVIEW
Zohaib Khurshid, Shariq Najeeb, Maria Mali, Syed Faraz Moin, Syed Qasim Raza, Sana Zohaib, Farshid Sefat, Muhammad Sohail Zafar
There are many human oral antimicrobial peptides responsible for playing important roles including maintenance, repairing of oral tissues (hard or soft) and defense against oral microbes. In this review we have highlighted the biochemistry, physiology and proteomics of human oral histatin peptides, secreted from parotid and submandibular salivary glands in human. The significance of these peptides includes capability for ionic binding that can kill fungal Candida albicans. They have histidine rich amino acid sequences (7-12 family members; corresponding to residues 12-24, 13-24, 12-25, 13-25, 5-11, and 5-12, respectively) for Histatin-3...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163484/the-newer-aspect-of-dexmedetomidine-use-in-dentistry-as-an-additive-to-local-anesthesia-initial-experience-and-review-of-literature
#18
Prashant Kumar, Manju Thepra, Amrish Bhagol, Kannu Priya, Virendra Singh
INTRODUCTION: Despite the availability of a wide variety of pharmacological agents in the field of anesthesia, there has always been a continuous search for newer local anesthetic agents with improved efficacy, potency, and better handling properties. Dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonist, is an emerging agent for provision of additive local anesthetic effect if used with conventional local anesthetics, which can be implicated in dentistry for performing many minor oral surgical procedures...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031603/blended-learning-for-reinforcing-dental-pharmacology-in-the-clinical-years-a-qualitative-analysis
#19
Prashanti Eachempati, K S Kiran Kumar, K N Sumanth
OBJECTIVES: Blended learning has become the method of choice in educational institutions because of its systematic integration of traditional classroom teaching and online components. This study aims to analyze student's reflection regarding blended learning in dental pharmacology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College among 3(rd) and 4(th) year BDS students. A total of 145 dental students, who consented, participate in the study...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875053/pharmacological-reversal-agents-in-dental-practice-keys-to-patient-safety
#20
REVIEW
Mark Donaldson, Jason H Goodchild
Though uncommon, medical emergencies in the dental office are harrowing occurrences that can be the result of adverse drug reactions. Pharmacological antagonists have been developed for administration as reversal agents in emergency situations in which patients may have an untoward effect, typically caused by too much medication. Dental practitioners should be familiar with these agents to keep patients safe and help mitigate drug-induced medical emergencies. This article reviews the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic principles of pharmacological antagonists; it emphasizes six specific reversal agents as they relate to the clinical practice of dentistry: naloxone, flumazenil, epinephrine, diphenhydramine, phentolamine, and atropine...
November 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
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