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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335219/post-plasma-siox-coatings-of-metal-and-metal-oxide-nanoparticles-for-enhanced-thermal-stability-and-tunable-photoactivity-applications
#1
Patrick Post, Nicolas Jidenko, Alfred P Weber, Jean-Pascal Borra
The plasma-based aerosol process developed for the direct coating of particles in gases with silicon oxide in a continuous chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process is presented. It is shown that non-thermal plasma filaments induced in a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) at atmospheric pressure trigger post-DBD gas phase reactions. DBD operating conditions are first scanned to produce ozone and dinitrogen pentoxide. In the selected conditions, these plasma species react with gaseous tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) precursor downstream of the DBD...
May 13, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320780/thiosemicarbazones-functioning-as-zinc-metallochaperones-to-reactivate-mutant-p53
#2
Xin Yu, Adam R Blanden, Ashley Tsang, Saif Zaman, Yue Liu, John Gilleran, Anthony F Bencivenga, S David Kimball, Stewart N Loh, Darren R Carpizo
Small molecule restoration of wild type structure and function to mutant p53 (so - called mutant reactivation) is a highly sought after goal in cancer drug development. We previously discovered small molecule zinc chelators called zinc metallochaperones (ZMCs) reactivate mutant p53 by restoring zinc binding to zinc deficient p53 mutants. The lead compound identified from the NCI-60 human tumor cell lines screen, NSC319726 (ZMC1), belongs to the thiosemicarbazone (TSC) class of metal ion chelators that bind Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, and other transition metals...
March 20, 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292675/removal-of-several-pesticides-in-a-falling-water-film-dbd-reactor-with-activated-carbon-textile-energy-efficiency
#3
Patrick Vanraes, Houria Ghodbane, Dries Davister, Niels Wardenier, Anton Nikiforov, Yannick P Verheust, Stijn W H Van Hulle, Oualid Hamdaoui, Jeroen Vandamme, Jim Van Durme, Pieter Surmont, Frederic Lynen, Christophe Leys
Bio-recalcitrant micropollutants are often insufficiently removed by modern wastewater treatment plants to meet the future demands worldwide. Therefore, several advanced oxidation techniques, including cold plasma technology, are being investigated as effective complementary water treatment methods. In order to permit industrial implementation, energy demand of these techniques needs to be minimized. To this end, we have developed an electrical discharge reactor where water treatment by dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) is combined with adsorption on activated carbon textile and additional ozonation...
March 6, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278107/plasma-treatment-of-polyethersulfone-membrane-for-benzene-removal-from-water-by-air-gap-membrane-distillation
#4
Sara Pedram, Hamid Reza Mortaheb, Farzaneh Arefi-Khonsari
In order to obtain a durable cost-effective membrane for membrane distillation (MD) process, flat sheet polyethersulfone (PES) membranes were modified by an atmospheric pressure nonequilibrium plasma generated using a dielectric barrier discharge in a mixture of argon and hexamethyldisiloxane as the organosilicon precursor. The surface properties of the plasma-modified membranes were characterized by water contact angle (CA), liquid entry pressure, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy...
March 13, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276658/safety-and-outcomes-in-100-consecutive-donation-after-circulatory-death-liver-transplants-using-a-protocol-that-includes-thrombolytic-therapy
#5
H Bohorquez, J B Seal, A J Cohen, A Kressel, E Bugeaud, D S Bruce, I C Carmody, T W Reichman, N Battula, M Alsaggaf, G Therapondos, N Bzowej, G Tyson, S Joshi, R Nicolau-Raducu, N Girgrah, G E Loss
Donation after circulatory death (DCD) liver transplantation (LT) reportedly yields inferior survival and increased complication rates compared with donation after brain death (DBD). We compare 100 consecutive DCD LT using a protocol that includes thrombolytic therapy (late DCD group) to an historical DCD group (early DCD group n=38) and a cohort of DBD LT recipients (DBD group n=435). Late DCD LT recipients had better 1 and 3 year graft survival rates than early DCD LT recipients (92% vs. 76.3%, p=0.03 and 91...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258222/molecular-mechanism-and-structural-basis-of-gain-of-function-of-stat1-caused-by-pathogenic-r274q-mutation
#6
Ryoji Fujiki, Atsushi Hijikata, Tsuyoshi Shirai, Satoshi Okada, Masao Kobayashi, Osamu Ohara
Gain of function (GOF) mutations in the STAT1 gene are critical for the onset of chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) disease. However, the molecular basis for the gain of STAT1 function remains largely unclear. Here, we investigated the structural features of STAT1 GOF residues to better understand the impact of these pathogenic mutations. We constructed STAT1 alanine mutants of the α3 helix residues of the coiled-coil domain (CCD), which are frequently found in CMC pathogenic mutations, and measured their transcriptional activities...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243603/miniature-dielectric-barrier-discharge-nonthermal-plasma-induces-apoptosis-in-lung-cancer-cells-and-inhibits-cell-migration
#7
Surya B Karki, Eda Yildirim-Ayan, Kathryn M Eisenmann, Halim Ayan
Traditional cancer treatments like radiotherapy and chemotherapy have drawbacks and are not selective for killing only cancer cells. Nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasmas with dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) can be applied to living cells and tissues and have emerged as novel tools for localized cancer therapy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the different effects caused by miniature DBD (mDBD) plasma to A549 lung cancer cells. In this study, A549 lung cancer cells cultured in 12 well plates were treated with mDBD plasma for specified treatment times to assess the changes in the size of the area of cell detachment, the viability of attached or detached cells, and cell migration...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236773/irf9-as-a-negative-regulator-involved-in-trif-mediated-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-a-teleost-fish-miichthys-miiuy
#8
Xueyan Zhao, Qing Chu, Junxia Cui, Ruixuan Huo, Tianjun Xu
Proinflammatory cytokines and type I IFNs were produced by TLR signaling and these responses are crucial for host defensive responses against pathogens. In order to avoid harmful and inappropriate inflammatory responses, there are multiple mechanisms to negatively regulate TLR signaling. In this paper, we have firstly studied IRF9 functions as a negative regulator involved in TRIF-mediated NF-κB pathway. Moreover, we found inhibitory effect of IRF9 primary depends on DBD domain. Interestingly, we also demonstrated that else mutants of IRF9, except for IRF9-ΔDBD, have different inhibitory effects upon TRIF-mediated NF-κB pathway...
February 22, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225083/antitumorigenic-effect-of-atmospheric-pressure-dielectric-barrier-discharge-on-human-colorectal-cancer-cells-via-regulation-of-sp1-transcription-factor
#9
Duksun Han, Jin Hyoung Cho, Ra Ham Lee, Woong Bang, Kyungho Park, Minseok S Kim, Jung-Hyun Shim, Jung-Il Chae, Se Youn Moon
Human colorectal cancer cell lines (HT29 and HCT116) were exposed to dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma at atmospheric pressure to investigate the anticancer capacity of the plasma. The dose- and time-dependent effects of DBDP on cell viability, regulation of transcription factor Sp1, cell-cycle analysis, and colony formation were investigated by means of MTS assay, DAPI staining, propidium iodide staining, annexin V-FITC staining, Western blot analysis, RT-PCR analysis, fluorescence microscopy, and anchorage-independent cell transformation assay...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216490/-expression-and-purification-of-foxo1-dna-binding-domain-and-its-dna-properties
#10
Yinuer Ha, Jun Li, Yongheng Chen, Lin Chen, Zhuchu Chen
To express and purify FOXO1 DNA binding domain (DBD) and to evaluate its DNA binding properties.
 Methods: Gene sequence of FOXO1-DBD was optimized and the recombinant strains were induced at low temperature to obtain soluble protein of FOXO1-DBD. Then, FOXO1-DBD protein was purified through Ni affinity chromatography and cation exchange. Finally, the DNA binding properties of FOXO1-DBD was evaluated by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA).
 Results: Most of soluble proteins were obtained by optimizing its genes sequence and induction at 21 ℃...
January 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207629/short-and-long-term-outcome-after-lung-transplantation-from-circulatory-dead-donors-a-single-center-experience
#11
David Ruttens, An Martens, Sofie Ordies, Stijn E Verleden, Arne P Neyrinck, Robin Vos, Marc Boada Collado, Bart M Vanaudenaerde, Geert M Verleden, Dirk Van Raemdonck
BACKGROUND: Donation after cardiac death (DCD) to overcome the donor organ shortage is well accepted in the clinical setting, although long-term outcome after DCD lung transplantation (LTx) remains largely unknown. METHODS: In this retrospective study, DCD LTx recipients (n=59) were compared with a cohort of donation after brain-death (DBD) LTx recipients (n=331) transplanted between February 2007 and September 2013; follow-up was until January 1st 2016. Short-term (duration of mechanical ventilation, ICU stay, hospital stay and highest PGD score within 72 hours) and long-term (CLAD-free and overall survival) follow-up were compared over a median follow-up of 50...
February 15, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192915/portable-dielectric-barrier-discharge-atomic-emission-spectrometer
#12
Na Li, Zhongchen Wu, Yingying Wang, Jing Zhang, Xiangnan Zhang, Hengnan Zhang, Wenhai Wu, Jing Gao, Jie Jiang
This paper describes the first demonstration of a portable dielectric barrier discharge-atomic emission spectrometer (DBD-AES). The instrument primarily consists of a miniature electro-thermal vaporizer (ETV), DBD, and optical signal acquisition units. It weighs only 4.5 kg and is powered by a 24 V DC battery with a maximum power consumption of 37 W. The accompanying software can be operated on a laptop computer. A specially designed quartz tube integrates the ETV unit with the DBD chamber. The effects of experimental parameters were investigated...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181368/diamond-burr-debridement-vs-grid-keratotomy-in-canine-scced-with-scanning-electron-microscopy-diamond-burr-tip-analysis
#13
Chloe B Spertus, Josef M Brown, Elizabeth A Giuliano
OBJECTIVES: (i) Compare the outcome of canine SCCED treated with grid keratotomy (GK) or diamond burr debridement (DBD); (ii) Serially evaluate morphologic and elemental composition changes to diamond burr tips. ANIMALS STUDIED: A total of 91 eyes of 88 canine SCCED patients treated at the University of Missouri (2005-2015); 75 fresh cadaver porcine globes. PROCEDURES: (i) Medical records were reviewed retrospectively. Data were analyzed for age, sex, breed, procedure performed, eye(s) on which the procedure was performed, time to healing after a single surgical procedure, performance of a second surgical procedure, contact lens placement, and postprocedural complications...
February 9, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168148/protein-functionalized-dna-nanostructures-as-tools-to-control-transcription-in-zebrafish-embryos
#14
Alessandro Angelin, Olivier Kassel, Sepand Rastegar, Uwe Strähle, Christof M Niemeyer
The unique structure-directing properties of DNA origami nanostructures (DONs) show great potential to specifically manipulate intracellular processes. We report an innovative concept to selectively activate the transcription of a single gene in the developing zebrafish embryo. We reason that engineering a designer transcription factor in which a rigid DON imposes a fixed distance between the DNA-binding domain (DBD) and the transactivation domain (TAD) would allow the selective activation of a gene harboring the same distance between the corresponding transcription factor binding site and the core promoter...
February 2017: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166240/involvement-of-multiple-stressors-induced-by-non-thermal-plasma-charged-aerosols-during-inactivation-of-airborne-bacteria
#15
Nachiket D Vaze, Sin Park, Ari D Brooks, Alexander Fridman, Suresh G Joshi
A lab-scale, tunable, single-filament, point-to-point nonthermal dieletric-barrier discharge (DBD) plasma device was built to study the mechanisms of inactivation of aerosolized bacterial pathogens. The system inactivates airborne antibiotic-resistant pathogens efficiently. Nebulization mediated pre-optimized (4 log and 7 log) bacterial loads were challenged to plasma-charged aerosols, and lethal and sublethal doses determined using colony assay, and cell viability assay; and the loss of membrane potential and cellular respiration were determined using cell membrane potential assay and XTT assay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163377/destruction-of-biological-particles-using-non-thermal-plasma
#16
REVIEW
Akira Mizuno
Mechanism of inactivation of bio-particles exposed to non-thermal plasma (NTP), namely, dielectric barrier discharge (DBD), and plasma jet (PJ), has been studied using E. coli, B. subtilis spore, S. cerevisiae and bacteriophages. States of different biological components were monitored during the course of inactivation. Analysis of green fluorescent protein, GFP, introduced into E. coli. or B. subtiles spore cells proved that radicals generated by NTP penetrate into microbes, destroying the cell membrane and finally damage the genes...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139537/are-childhood-externalizing-disorders-the-harbinger-of-early-onset-alcohol-dependence
#17
Abhishek Ghosh, Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The subtyping of alcohol dependence (AD) into early-onset (EO) and late-onset (LO) subgroups has been shown to have clinical and biological validity. As externalizing disorders (EDs) predate AD, the link of ED with age of onset of alcohol dependence needs to be investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of EDs such as disruptive behaviour disorder (DBD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with age at onset of AD in a sample of male subjects...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126403/binding-of-amphipathic-cell-penetrating-peptide-p28-to-wild-type-and-mutated-p53-as-studied-by-raman-atomic-force-and-surface-plasmon-resonance-spectroscopies
#18
Sara Signorelli, Simona Santini, Tohru Yamada, Anna Rita Bizzarri, Craig W Beattie, Salvatore Cannistraro
BACKGROUND: Mutations within the DNA binding domain (DBD) of the tumor suppressor p53 are found in >50% of human cancers and may significantly modify p53 secondary structure impairing its function. p28, an amphipathic cell-penetrating peptide, binds to the DBD through hydrophobic interaction and induces a posttranslational increase in wildtype and mutant p53 restoring functionality. We use mutation analyses to explore which elements of secondary structure may be critical to p28 binding...
April 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111805/ureteric-complications-in-recipients-of-kidneys-from-donation-after-circulatory-death-donors
#19
Trina-Jo Mah, Dermot H Mallon, Oliver Brewster, Kourosh Saeb-Parsy, Andrew J Butler, J Andrew Bradley, Vasilis Kosmoliaptsis
A large increase in the use of kidneys from donation after circulatory death (DCD) donors prompted us to examine the impact of donor type on the incidence of ureteric complications (UCs; ureteric stenosis, urinary leak) after kidney transplantation. We studied 1072 consecutive kidney transplants [DCD n=494, live-donor (LD) n=273, donation after brain death (DBD) n=305] performed during 2008 to 2014. Overall, there was a low incidence of UCs after kidney transplantation (3.5%). Despite a trend towards higher incidence of UCs in DCD (n=22, 4...
January 23, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087460/identification-of-the-doublesex-protein-binding-sites-that-activate-expression-of-lozenge-in-the-female-genital-disc-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#20
Shunsuke Wagamitsu, Dan Takase, Fugaku Aoki, Masataka G Suzuki
Normal sexual differentiation in the genital organs is essential for the animal species that use sexual reproduction. Although it is known that doublesex (dsx) is required for the sexual development of the genitalia in various insect species, the direct target genes responsible for the sexual differentiation of the genitalia have not been identified. The lozenge (lz) gene is expressed in the female genital disc and is essential for developments of spermathecae and accessory glands in Drosophila melanogaster...
January 10, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
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