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Superhydrophobic Membrane

Michael Z Hu, Chaiwat Engtrakul, Brian L Bischoff, Mi Lu, Mussie Alemseghed
Surface wettability-tailored porous ceramic/metallic membranes (in the tubular and planar disc form) were prepared and studied for both vapor-phase separation and liquid pervaporative separations of water-ethanol mixtures. Superhydrophobic nanoceramic membranes demonstrated more selective permeation of ethanol (relative to water) by cross-flow pervaporation of liquid ethanol⁻water mixture (10 wt % ethanol feed at 80 °C). In addition, both superhydrophilic and superhydrophobic membranes were tested for the vapor-phase separations of water⁻ethanol mixtures...
October 12, 2018: Membranes
Xiaoying Qiao, Chunyan Yang, Qian Zhang, Shengke Yang, Yangyang Chen, Dan Zhang, Xiaoyu Yuan, Wenke Wang, Yaqian Zhao
In order to prepare parabolic superhydrophobic materials, copper meshes were used as the substrate and ultrasonic etching and oxidative corrosion were carried out with FeCl₃ solution and H₂O₂ solution, respectively, and then the surface was modified with stearic acid (SA). The topological structure and surface wettability of the prepared mesh were characterized by fluorescence microscope, scanning electron microscopy and contact angle measurement. Finally, the as-prepared copper meshes were applied to oil-water separation...
October 9, 2018: Materials
Samuel Cheeseman, Stephanie Owen, Vi Khanh Truong, Denny Meyer, Soon Hock Ng, Jitraporn Vongsvivut, Denver Linklater, Mark J Tobin, Marco Werner, Vladimir A Baulin, Pere Luque, Richard Marchant, Saulius Juodkazis, Russell J Crawford, Elena P Ivanova
Dragonfly wings are of great interest to researchers investigating biomimetic designs for antiwetting and antibacterial surfaces. The waxy epicuticular layer on the membrane of dragonfly wings possesses a unique surface nanoarchitecture that consists of irregular arrays of nanoscale pillars. This architecture confers superhydrophobic, self-cleaning, antiwetting, and antibiofouling behaviors. There is some evidence available that suggests that lifestyle factors may have influenced the evolution of the wing nanostructures and, therefore, the resulting properties of the wings; however, it appears that no systematic studies have been performed that have compared the wing surface features across a range of dragonfly species...
June 30, 2018: ACS Omega
Navaladian Subramanian, Adnan Qamar, Ahmad Alsaadi, Adair Gallo, Muhammed Ghifari Ridwan, Jung-Gil Lee, Sreekiran Pillai, Sankara Arunachalam, Dalaver Anjum, Felix Sharipov, Noreddine Ghaffour, Himanshu Mishra
HYPOTHESIS: Direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) processes exploit water-repellant membranes to desalt warm seawaters by allowing only water vapor to transport across. While perfluorinated membranes/coatings are routinely used for DCMD, their vulnerability to abrasion, heat, and harsh chemicals necessitates alternatives, such as ceramics. Herein, we systematically assess the potential of ceramic membranes consisting of anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) for DCMD. EXPERIMENTS: We rendered AAO membranes superhydrophobic to accomplish the separation of hot salty water (343 K, 0...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Tao Fan, Qinghe Qian, Zhihui Hou, Yiping Liu, Ming Lu
Successful fabrication of smart membrane based on cellulose fabric for controllable oil/water separation was reported. Sheet hexagonal ZnO was in situ synthesized on surface of cellulose fibers using NaOH/urea and ZnCl2 aqueous solution which were also exploited to fix ZnO steadily due to their swelling and dissolving effects on cellulose. Reversible wettability transition between superhydrophobicity/superoleophilicity and superhydrophilicity/superoleophobicity underwater was manipulated easily by dipping into a lauric acid ethanol solution and NaOH/ethanol water solution in turn for 2min...
November 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Chao Yang, Na Han, Weijing Wang, Wenxin Zhang, Changye Han, Zhenyu Cui, Xingxiang Zhang
Separation of emulsified water/oil mixtures is a worldwide concern. However, poor chemical and solvent resistance of general polymeric membranes limit these membranes for application in the separation process. In this study, a poly(phenylene sulfide) (PPS) porous membrane with a rough concave topographic feature was fabricated, which exhibited excellent superoleophilicity and under-oil superhydrophobicity. The membrane is capable of separating both surfactant-free and surfactant-stabilized emulsions with a high flux...
September 11, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Liang Cheng, Da-Ming Wang, Abdul Rajjak Shaikh, Li-Feng Fang, Sungil Jeon, Daisuke Saeki, Lei Zhang, Cui-Jing Liu, Hideto Matsuyama
Efficient treatment of difficult emulsified oil-water wastes is a global challenge. Membranes exhibiting unusual dual superlyophobicity (combined underwater superoleophobicity and underoil superhydrophobicity) are intriguing to realize high-efficiency separation of both oil-in-water and water-in-oil emulsions. For the first time, a robust polymeric membrane demonstrating dual superlyophobicity to common apolar oils was facilely fabricated via a simple one-step phase separation process using an aliphatic polyketone (PK) polymer, thanks to a conjunction of intermediate hydrophilicity and re-entrant fibril-like texture upon the prepared PK membrane...
September 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yingchao Dong, Lining Ma, Chuyang Y Tang, Fenglin Yang, Xie Quan, David Jassby, Michael J Zaworotko, Michael D Guiver
Membrane distillation (MD) is a promising process for the treatment of highly saline wastewaters. The central component of MD is a stable porous hydrophobic membrane with a large liquid-vapor interface for efficient water vapor transport. A key challenge for current polymeric or hydrophobically modified inorganic membranes is insufficient operating stability, resulting in some issues such as wetting, fouling, flux, and rejection decline. This study presents an overall conceptual design and application strategy for a superhydrophobic ceramic-based carbon nanotube (CNT) desalination membrane having specially designed membrane structures with unprecedented operating stability and MD performance...
August 13, 2018: Nano Letters
Wenjing Ma, Juntao Zhao, Olayinka Oderinde, Jingquan Han, Zhongche Liu, Buhong Gao, Ranhua Xiong, Qilu Zhang, Shaohua Jiang, Chaobo Huang
Marinepollution andindustrial wastewater have caused serious environmental pollution, thereby resulting into an alarming damage to public health in the past decades, hence the high demand for, cost effective, energy-efficient oil-water separation technologies for the removal of oil contaminants from such water. Herein, we report a facile method to fabricate superhydrophobic/superoleophilic membrane by immersing a polyimide (PI)-based nanofibrous membrane into a water/ethanol/ammonia/dopamine mixture, followed by modification with 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorodecanethiol (PFDT)...
December 15, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Kang Liu, Zhi Huang, Ali Hemmatifar, Diego I Oyarzun, Jun Zhou, Juan G Santiago
Efficient water removal from a cool surface during condensation is critically important to the enhancement of a variety of heat transfer applications. Previous work has focused on the fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces which promote water droplets and removal via droplet shedding or jumping. Here, we report a novel strategy with a droplet self-cleaning surface which spontaneously transports all of the droplets from the condensation surface to the back side. We fabricate the self-cleaning surface by simply tailoring the wettability of the two sides of a porous membrane and demonstrate that the hydrophobic side is effective in clearing off droplets of a wide range of diameters...
August 8, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Gaoshuo Jiang, Liqiang Luo, Lu Tan, Jinliang Wang, Shenxiang Zhang, Feng Zhang, Jian Jin
Superhydrophobic membranes with extreme liquid water repellency property are good candidates for waterproof and breathable application. Different from the mostly used strategies through either mixing or postmodifying base membranes with perfluorinated compounds, we report in this work a facile methodology to fabricate superhydrophobic microporous membranes made up of pure poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) via a high-humidity induced electrospinning process. The superhydrophobic property of the PVDF microporous membrane is contributed by its special microsphere-fiber interpenetrated rough structure...
August 22, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Tiantian Li, Fu Liu, Shaofei Zhang, Haibo Lin, Jianqiang Wang, Chuyang Y Tang
Janus membranes with asymmetric wettability have attracted intense attention in oil/water separation, membrane distillation, liquid/fog collection, liquid diode, etc. Facile manipulation of the paradoxical wetting/antiwetting property on opposite surfaces of a 2D membrane is challenging. Different from most postmodification methods, herein, we propose one single-step unidirectional segregation strategy to fabricate a polymeric Janus membrane with extremely opposite wetting surfaces showing almost a 150° contact angle difference for the first time...
July 25, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mohamed Khayet, Rong Wang
The electrospinning technique was used successfully to fabricate nanofibers of polysulfone (PSF) in which polytetrafuoroethylene nanoparticles (PTFE NPs) were embedded. The size of the PTFE NPs is only 1.7 to 3.6 times smaller than the nanofiber diameter. The transition from hydrophobic to superhydrophobic character of the bead-free PSF electrospun nanofiber mats occurred with a PTFE NPs loading in the range 12-18% of the PSF weight. Transmission electron microscopy images revealed protruding nanosized asperities on the fiber surface due to the embedded PTFE NPs in the PSF matrix...
July 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xiaoxia Ye, Le Ke, Yaping Wang, Kaiyang Gao, Yiwen Cui, Xiaoling Wang, Xin Huang, Bi Shi
Superhydrophobic materials hold great promise in emulsion separation, but they have inherent mechanical weakness and are ineffective to separate mixed surfactant-stabilized emulsions. Herein, we combined the adhesion ability of polyphenol-Fe3+ bis-complexes with the high mechanical strength of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to construct a mechanically robust and superhydrophobic coating on a collagen fiber membrane (CFM). We demonstrated that both CNTs and polyphenolic complexes competed with the surfactants adsorbed onto the emulsion droplets, serving as efficient demulsifiers to various mixed surfactant-stabilized emulsions...
August 1, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Minxiang Zeng, Pingmei Wang, Jianhui Luo, Baoliang Peng, Bin Ding, Lecheng Zhang, Ling Wang, Dali Huang, Ian Echols, Ehab Abo Deeb, Eric Bordovsky, Chang-Hyun Choi, Carlos Ybanez, Patricia Meras, Evan Situ, M Sam Mannan, Zhengdong Cheng
We demonstrate a facile route to in situ growth of lyotropic zirconium phosphate (ZrP) nanoplates on textiles via an interfacial crystal growing process. The as-prepared hybrid membrane shows a hierarchical architecture of textile fibers (porous platform for fluid transport), ZrP nanoplatelets (layered scaffolds for chemical barriers), and octadecylamine (organic species for superhydrophobic functionalization). Interestingly, such a hybrid membrane is able to separate the oily wastewater with a high separation efficiency of 99...
July 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hu Zhou, Miaoxin Zhang, Chang Li, Chunlei Gao, Yongmei Zheng
Inspired by a cactus spine and trichomes integrated fog collection system, a strategy is presented to design a micro/nanostructured conical spine and Janus membrane integrative system (MNCS+JM). In this strategy, the surface of conical spine can be covered with rough micro and nanostructure (MNCS), so that the tiny fog-droplets can be captured, coalesced, and transported. Janus membrane (JM) with inside hydrophobic surface and outside hydrophilic surface is further used to control the water collection in process of droplet transport when the Janus membrane is vertically placed with different positions on the MNCS, thus MNCS+JM propel the droplet continuously for transport-coalescence-transport in a circle of droplet transport and collection...
July 2018: Small
Mohammad Rezaei, David M Warsinger, John H Lienhard V, Mikel C Duke, Takeshi Matsuura, Wolfgang M Samhaber
Membrane distillation (MD) is a rapidly emerging water treatment technology; however, membrane pore wetting is a primary barrier to widespread industrial use of MD. The primary causes of membrane wetting are exceedance of liquid entry pressure and membrane fouling. Developments in membrane design and the use of pretreatment have provided significant advancement toward wetting prevention in membrane distillation, but further progress is needed. In this study, a broad review is carried out on wetting incidence in membrane distillation processes...
August 1, 2018: Water Research
Manxiang Wang, Guicheng Liu, Hyunjin Yu, Sang-Hyup Lee, Lei Wang, Jianzhong Zheng, Tao Wang, Yanbin Yun, Joong Kee Lee
The vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) is a promising technology for lots of applications. To solve the membrane fouling and wetting problems, in this paper, a novel ZnO nanorods 1 H,1 H,2 H,2 H-perfluorodecyltriethoxysilane (PDTS) modified poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membrane with a micro/nanoscale hierarchical structure and a superhydrophobic surface has been prepared and applied to the VMD process for distilling highly salty water, for the first time. Among these, a pyrolysis-adhesion method is created to obtain the ZnO seeds and fasten them on the PVDF substrate firmly...
April 25, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Deke Li, Xuelian Gou, Daheng Wu, Zhiguang Guo
The wide application of superhydrophobic membranes has been limited due to their complicated preparation technology and weak durability. Inspired by the mechanical flexibility of nanofibrous biomaterials, nanofibrils have been successfully generated from Kevlar, which is one of the strongest synthetic fibers, by appropriate hydrothermal treatment. In this study, a robust superhydrophobic PDMS/PVDF@KNFs membrane is prepared via a simple one-step process and subsequent curing without combination with inorganic fillers...
April 5, 2018: Nanoscale
Fan Yang, Johnson E Efome, Dipak Rana, Takeshi Matsuura, Christopher Lan
Among other applications, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are slowly gaining grounds as fillers for desalination composite membranes. In this study, superhydrophobic poly(vinylidene fluoride) nanofibrous membranes were fabricated with MOF (iron 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate) loading of up to 5 wt % via electrospinning on a nonwoven substrate. To improve the attachment of nanofibers onto the substrate, a substrate pretreatment method called "solvent basing" was employed. The iron content in the nanofiber, measured by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, increased proportionally with the increase of the MOF concentration in the spinning dope, indicating a uniform distribution of MOF in the nanofiber...
April 4, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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