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Michael Z Hu, Chaiwat Engtrakul, Brian L Bischoff, Mi Lu, Mussie Alemseghed
Surface wettability-tailored porous ceramic/metallic membranes (in the tubular and planar disc form) were prepared and studied for both vapor-phase separation and liquid pervaporative separations of water-ethanol mixtures. Superhydrophobic nanoceramic membranes demonstrated more selective permeation of ethanol (relative to water) by cross-flow pervaporation of liquid ethanol⁻water mixture (10 wt % ethanol feed at 80 °C). In addition, both superhydrophilic and superhydrophobic membranes were tested for the vapor-phase separations of water⁻ethanol mixtures...
October 12, 2018: Membranes
Yamini Satyawali, David Fernandes Del Pozo, Pieter Vandezande, Ingmar Nopens, Winnie Dejonghe
Hydrophobic pervaporation, allowing for the separation of an organic component from an aqueous stream, was investigated for in-situ acetone removal from a transamination reaction. A PDMS (PolyDiMethylSiloxane) membrane was applied in a coupled enzymatic process at 5 L scale. Among the four components, there was no loss of donor and product amines through pervaporation which was highly desirable. However, in addition to removal of acetone, there was also an unwanted loss of acetophenone (substrate ketone) due to pervaporation...
October 13, 2018: Biotechnology Progress
Changlong Zou, Li-Chiang Lin
Molecular dynamics simulations are employed to demonstrate the potential of zeolite nanosheets as pervaporation membranes for ethanol extraction. Our results show that zeolite nanosheets can provide orders of magnitude higher fluxes compared to currently available membranes and achieve outstanding separation factors. The dominant role of membrane surfaces in determining the separation performance is also identified and explored at an atomic level. Developing nanosheet membranes with hydrophobic surfaces and/or with a minimal surface silanol density represents the keys to enable highly selective separation processes...
October 11, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Jürgen Caro, Xiaocao Wu, Wei Wan, Jianwen Jiang, Aisheng Huang
Separation of p-xylene (kinetic diameter of ~0.58 nm) from its bulkier isomers (o-xylene and m-xylene, ~0.68 nm) is challenging, but substantially important in petrochemical industry. In the present work, we developed a highly selective and stable metal-organic framework MIL-160 membrane for selective separation of p-xylene from its isomers by pervaporation. Attributing to the suitable pore size (0.5 ~ 0.6 nm), MIL-160 membrane selectively allows p-xylene to pass through, while excluding the bulkier o-xylene and m-xylene...
September 24, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Thomas La Rocca, Emilie Carretier, Thomas Clair, Martial Etienne, Philippe Moulin
The regeneration of volatile organic solvents via dehydration tests, from 90 wt %, was evaluated by pervaporation using an on-line near-infrared (NIR) spectrometer. Experiments were performed using a bis(triethoxysilyl)methane (BTESM)-based ceramic HybSi® membrane at temperatures of 20, 30 and 40 °C. The presence of an on-line NIR allows continuous monitoring of the process without sampling, and quickly estimates mass fractions of species in the retentate. Dehydration tests were performed at 30 °C in order to confirm the on-line NIR reproducibility, and closely matched results obtained with an off-line densimeter...
September 4, 2018: Membranes
Zongli Xie, Derrick Ng, Manh Hoang, Jianhua Zhang, Stephen Gray
Desalination by pervaporation is a membrane process that is yet to be realized for commercial application. To investigate the feasibility and viability of scaling up, a process engineering model was developed to evaluate the energy requirement based on the experimental study of a hybrid polyvinyl alcohol/maleic acid/tetraethyl orthosilicate (PVA/MA/TEOS) Pervaporation Membrane. The energy consumption includes the external heating and cooling required for the feed and permeate streams, as well as the electrical power associated with pumps for re-circulating feed and maintaining vacuum...
September 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Decai Yang, Dongxu Tian, Chuang Xue, Fei Gao, Yang Liu, Hong Li, Yongming Bao, Jingjing Liang, Zongbin Zhao, Jieshan Qiu
Synthetic membranes usually suffer from a ubiquitous trade-off between permeability and selectivity. Carbon nanotube (CNT)-based hybrid materials have shown attractive properties in high-performance membrane preparation; however, the aggregation of random CNTs in polymer remains a great challenge. Herein, the aligned and open-ended CNT/(polydimethylsiloxane) PDMS membranes are controllably fabricated to form a hamburger-like structure that possesses nanochannels (∼10 nm) in the intermediate layer as well as angstrom cavities in the embedded PDMS...
August 27, 2018: Nano Letters
Ebrahim Ataeivarjovi, Zhigang Tang, Jian Chen
In this present work, a novel approach has been proposed by which a solvent absorption and membrane desorption methods can significantly reduce the carbon dioxide (CO2 ) emission and energy consumption. In this method, the CO2 capture processing is based on the combination of membrane and physical solvent. Here, dimethyl carbonate and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-SiO2 nanocomposite were used as the physical solvent and desorption membrane, respectively. However, the main focus of this research was on the CO2 desorption behavior of PDMS-SiO2 hybrid membrane...
August 29, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hoda Azimi, Arian Ebneyamini, F Handan Tezel, Jules Thibault
The pervaporation separation of organic compounds from acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation model solutions was studied using activated carbon (AC) nanoparticle-poly (dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) mixed matrix membranes (MMM). The effects of the operating conditions and nanoparticle loading content on the membrane performance have been investigated. While the separation factor increased continuously, with an increase in the concentration of nanoparticles, the total flux reached a maximum in the MMM with 8 wt % nanoparticle loading in PDMS...
July 10, 2018: Membranes
Faten Hassan Hassan Abdellatif, Jérôme Babin, Carole Arnal-Herault, Laurent David, Anne Jonquieres
Membranes made from cellulose acetate grafted with imidazolium or ammonium ionic liquids (ILs) containing different anions were considered for ethyl tert-butyl ether biofuel purification by pervaporation. The new cellulosic materials were obtained after bromide (Br- ) exchange by different anions (Tf2 N- , BF4 - , AcO- ). IL structure-membrane property relationships revealed that the membrane properties were strongly improved by varying the anion structure, molecular size and hydrogen bonding acceptor ability β in the Kamlet-Taft polarity scale...
September 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Weibin Liang, Lin Li, Jingwei Hou, Nicholas D Shepherd, Thomas D Bennett, Deanna M D'Alessandro, Vicki Chen
Composite membranes with defective metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) connect the emerging fields of MOF topological modification, MOF-polymer interfacial engineering and composite material functionalization. Although defective MOFs can be fabricated via thermal or chemical treatment, the relationship between hierarchical MOF structure and their performance in a polymeric membrane matrix has so far not been investigated. Here we show how a modulator fumarate-based MIL-53(Al) microwave synthesis process results in defective MOFs...
April 14, 2018: Chemical Science
Siddhartha Moulik, Vani Bukke, S Chandrasekhar Sajja, Sridhar S
Present work reports the synthesis of a novel Chitosan-Polytetrafluoroethylene composite membrane with solvent resistant property for efficient separation of methanol/toluene mixture by pervaporation. The composite was crossed with tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) to prevent or reduce membrane swelling and improve the separation factor. The synthesized membranes were characterized by SEM, FTIR and DSC analysis. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and computational fluid dynamics were coupled to predict the structural and diffusive properties besides concentration profile inside the membrane...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Ezra L Clark, Alexis T Bell
The electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide is sensitive to electrolyte polarization, which causes gradients in pH and the concentration of carbon dioxide to form near the cathode surface. It is desirable to measure the concentration of reaction-relevant species in the immediate vicinity of the cathode because the intrinsic kinetics of carbon dioxide reduction depend on the composition of the local reaction environment. Meeting this objective has proven difficult because conventional analytical methods only sample products from the bulk electrolyte...
June 6, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Chao Zhu, Lijie Chen, Chuang Xue, Fengwu Bai
Background: Butanol derived from renewable resources by microbial fermentation is considered as one of not only valuable platform chemicals but alternative advanced biofuels. However, due to low butanol concentration in fermentation broth, butanol production is restricted by high energy consumption for product recovery. For in situ butanol recovery techniques, such as gas stripping and pervaporation, the common problem is their low efficiency in harvesting and concentrating butanol. Therefore, there is a necessity to develop an advanced butanol recovery technique for cost-effective biobutanol production...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Mashallah Rezakazemi, Azam Marjani, Saeed Shirazian
This work presents purification of cyclohexane using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes in pervaporation (PV) process. The PDMS is a rubbery polymer and appropriate as membrane material for purification of cyclohexane. PV which is a low-energy separation process was chosen for purification of cyclohexane due to its superior advantages compared to other processes. Effect of feed concentration on separation factor was investigated in order to optimize the process. It was indicated that dehydration of 80 wt% cyclohexane mixture at a temperature of 300 K and a vacuum pressure of 10 mmHg could be effectively achieved and high separation factor of 2500 was obtained...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jie Liu, Jiding Li, Quan Chen, Xiaoduan Li
Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) composite membranes were fabricated and subsequently applied in ethanol recovery from an ethanol-water mixture by pervaporation (PV) using fractional condensation. The effects of feed temperature and feed flow velocity on the pervaporative properties of PDMS/PVDF composite membranes were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results showed that PDMS was coated uniformly on the surface of porous PVDF substrate, and the PDMS separation layer was dense with a thickness of 1...
April 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Inês T Meireles, Rosa M Huertas, Cristiana A V Torres, Isabel M Coelhoso, João G Crespo
The purpose of this work is the development and characterisation of new hybrid polysaccharide (FucoPol) membranes. These membranes were prepared by incorporation of a SiO2 network homogeneously dispersed by using a sol-gel method with GPTMS as a crosslinker silica precursor. They were further crosslinked with CaCl2 for reinforcement of mechanical properties and improvement of their permeation performance. They were characterised in terms of their structural, mechanical and thermal properties. They presented a dense and homogeneous structure, resistant to deformation, with a Tg of 43 °C and a thermal decomposition between 240 and 251 °C...
July 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Anna Dawiec-Liśniewska, Antoni Szumny, Daria Podstawczyk, Anna Witek-Krowiak
The first article of a two-article series presents pervaporation (PV) of volatile aroma compounds from fruit juice hydrolates (plum, apple, blackcurrant and cherry). The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of fruit juice hydrolates separation on a laboratory scale (inert gas flow pervaporation system) and semi-technical (vacuum pervaporation system) by means of pervaporation. To create precise matrices for hydrolates before and after pervaporation for each of the separated systems, solid phase microextraction (SPME) technique and the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was applied...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Hwi-Min Jung, Ju Yeon Lee, Jung-Hyun Lee, Min-Kyu Oh
A process of isobutanol production from sugarcane bagasse hydrolysates in Enterobacter aerogenes was developed here with a pervaporation-integrated procedure. Isobutanol pathway was overexpressed in a mutant strain with eliminated byproduct-forming enzymes (LdhA, BudA, and PflB). A glucose-and-xylose-coconsuming ptsG mutant was constructed for effective utilization of lignocellulosic biomass. Toxic effects of isobutanol were alleviated by in situ recovery via a pervaporation procedure. Compared to single-batch fermentation, cell growth and isobutanol titer were improved by 60% and 100%, respectively, in the pervaporation-integrated fermentation process...
July 2018: Bioresource Technology
Baojin Ma, Jing Han, Shan Zhang, Feng Liu, Shicai Wang, Jiazhi Duan, Yuanhua Sang, Huaidong Jiang, Dong Li, Shaohua Ge, Jinghua Yu, Hong Liu
Controllable osteoinduction maintained in the original defect area is the key to precise bone repair. To meet the requirement of precise bone regeneration, a hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanobelt/polylactic acid (PLA) (HAp/PLA) Janus membrane has been successfully prepared in this study by coating PLA on a paper-like HAp nanobelt film by a casting-pervaporation method. The Janus membrane possesses dual functions: excellent osteoinduction from the hydrophilic HAp nanobelt side and barrier function originating from the hydrophobic PLA film...
April 15, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
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