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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231500/silver-nanoparticle-embedded-graphene-oxide-methotrexate-for-targeted-cancer-treatment
#1
Raj Kumar Thapa, Jae Hee Kim, Jee-Heon Jeong, Beom Soo Shin, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
Combination therapies are widely investigated cancer treatment modalities. Carbon based systems such as graphene oxide (GO), plasmonic nanoparticles such as silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), and the folate analog, methotrexate (MTX), have been separately studied for their potential anticancer effects. In this study, we combined these systems to develop AgNPs-embedded GO with conjugated MTX (MTX-GO/AgNPs) and studied their folate receptor-targeted anticancer effects. Results revealed successful formation of AgNPs on GO along with MTX conjugation as suggested by UV/visible, TEM, AFM, FTIR, and XRD analysis...
February 13, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231498/bone-specific-poly-ethylene-sodium-phosphate-bearing-biodegradable-nanoparticles
#2
Yuya Hirano, Yasuhiko Iwasaki
Chemotherapy is the most reliable treatment for osteoporosis and osseous metastases. To facilitate better drug delivery for bone treatments, a novel preparation of polymeric nanoparticles with high affinity to bone has been prepared. Two-step synthesis of cholesteryl-functionalized poly(ethylene sodium phosphate) (Ch-PEPn·Na) was performed via ring-opening polymerization of cyclic phosphoesters and the demethylation. The molecular weight of Ch-PEPn·Na could be well controlled by changing the ratio of cholesterol and cyclic phosphoesters...
February 16, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230871/an-in-situ-tem-study-of-the-surface-oxidation-of-palladium-nanocrystals-assisted-by-electron-irradiation
#3
Dejiong Zhang, Chuanhong Jin, He Tian, Yalin Xiong, Hui Zhang, Peisheng Qiao, Jie Fan, Ze Zhang, Z Y Li, Jixue Li
The surface oxidation of palladium nanocrystals plays an important role in changing the active sites and subsequently influencing the catalytic reactivity. Such a microscopy study on surface oxidation, down to the atomic scale, is essential for understanding the structure-property correlations of palladium nanocrystal based catalysts. Herein, we present an in situ atomic scale study on the surface oxidation behavior of palladium nanocrystals, which is induced by electron beam irradiation under low oxygen partial pressure and at room temperature inside an environmental transmission electron microscope...
February 23, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230805/preparation-of-photoirradiation-molecular-imprinting-polymer-for-selective-separation-of-branched-cyclodextrins
#4
Haoran Fan, Jinpeng Wang, Qingran Meng, Xueming Xu, Tianming Fan, Zhengyu Jin
In the present study, photoirradiation molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) with azobenzene was used as a functional monomer for the selective separation of the branched cyclodextrins. The functional monomer 4-methacryloyloxy azobenzene (MAA) and the molecular template 6-O-α-d-maltosyl-β-cyclodextrin (G2-β-CD) were implemented for the molecular imprinting. The core-shell structure of photoirradiation MIP was visualized by the transmission electron microscopy (TEM). With Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), we identified that G2-β-CD was imprinted into the polymer and removed from the MIP...
February 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230494/application-of-tem-techniques-for-the-study-of-vascular-calcification-monitoring-extracellular-vesicles-and-nanogold-immunodetection-of-fetuin-a-grp-and-cd9
#5
Rute Morais, Carla S B Viegas, Dina C Simes, António P A Matos, Anjos L Macedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230339/simultaneously-enhanced-efficiency-and-stability-of-polymer-solar-cells-by-employing-solvent-additive-and-upside-down-drying-method
#6
Qianqian Sun, Fujun Zhang, Qiaoshi An, Miao Zhang, Xiaoling Ma, Jian Zhang
The morphology of active layer plays an important role in determining the power conversion efficiency (PCE) and stability of polymer solar cells (PSCs), which strongly depends on the dynamic drying process of active layer. In this work, an efficient and universal method was developed to let active layer undergo upside-down drying process in a covered glass petri dish. For the PSCs based on PTB7-Th:PC71BM, the champion PCEs were improved from 8.58% to 9.64% by mixing 3 vol% DIO, further to 10.30% by employing upside-down drying method...
February 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228971/exfoliation-of-graphene-sheets-via-high-energy-wet-milling-of-graphite-in-2-ethylhexanol-and-kerosene
#7
Al-Sayed Al-Sherbini, Mona Bakr, Iman Ghoneim, Mohamed Saad
Graphene sheets have been exfoliated from bulk graphite using high energy wet milling in two different solvents that were 2-ethylhexanol and kerosene. The milling process was performed for 60 h using a planetary ball mill. Morphological characteristics were investigated using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). On the other hand, the structural characterization was performed using X-ray diffraction technique (XRD) and Raman spectrometry. The exfoliated graphene sheets have represented good morphological and structural characteristics with a valuable amount of defects and a good graphitic structure...
May 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228169/characterization-of-sulfur-and-nanostructured-sulfur-battery-cathodes-in-electron-microscopy-without-sublimation-artifacts
#8
Barnaby D A Levin, Michael J Zachman, Jörg G Werner, Ritu Sahore, Kayla X Nguyen, Yimo Han, Baoquan Xie, Lin Ma, Lynden A Archer, Emmanuel P Giannelis, Ulrich Wiesner, Lena F Kourkoutis, David A Muller
Lithium sulfur (Li-S) batteries have the potential to provide higher energy storage density at lower cost than conventional lithium ion batteries. A key challenge for Li-S batteries is the loss of sulfur to the electrolyte during cycling. This loss can be mitigated by sequestering the sulfur in nanostructured carbon-sulfur composites. The nanoscale characterization of the sulfur distribution within these complex nanostructured electrodes is normally performed by electron microscopy, but sulfur sublimates and redistributes in the high-vacuum conditions of conventional electron microscopes...
February 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225588/self-assembled-and-one-step-synthesis-of-interconnected-3d-network-of-fe3o4-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanosheets-hybrid-for-high-performance-supercapacitor-electrode
#9
Rajesh Kumar, Rajesh Kumar Singh, Alfredo R Vaz, Raluca Savu, Stanislav A Moshkalev
In the present work, we have synthesized three dimensional (3D) reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (rGO NSs) containing iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) hybrids (3D Fe3O4/rGO) by one-pot microwave approach. Structural and morphological studies reveal that the as-synthesized Fe3O4/rGO hybrids were composed of faceted Fe3O4 NPs induced into the interconnected network of rGO NSs. The morphologies and structures of the 3D hybrids have been characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS)...
February 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225126/carborane-layered-double-hydroxide-nanohybrids-for-potential-targeted-and-magnetically-targeted-bnct-applications
#10
Ahmet Nedim Ay, Hande Akar, Adnana Zaulet, Clara Viňas, Francesc Teixidor, Birgul Zumreoglu-Karan
Carborane-intercalated layered double hydroxide nanohybrids (CB-LDH) and a magnesium ferrite (MF) supported-CB-LDH core-shell nanocomposite (CB-LDH@MF) are reported. The preparation of nanohybrids were carried out by exchanging the interlayer nitrate groups of Mg-Al-NO3-LDH with monothiol-o-carborane (SCB), 1-methyl-2-carboxyl-o-carborane (MeCB), 1-phenyl-2-carboxyl-o-carborane (PhCB) and 1,12-dicarboxyl-p-carborane (COOHCB) molecules. A magnetic core-shell nanocomposite was further prepared by supporting the COOHCB-LDH nanohybrid on MF nanoparticles...
February 22, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224892/construction-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-enzyme-nanoreactors-based-on-carboxymethyl-chitosan-for-arginine-deprivation-in-cancer-therapy
#11
Tian Zeng, Yi Zhang, Qiongjiao Yan, Zhijun Huang, Ling Zhang, Xiaozhe Yi, Junrong Chen, Guanghua He, Yihua Yin
In this study, a pH-induced morphological transition from micelles to vesicles for an amphiphilic photo cross-linkable biocopolymer (Az-NaCMCS), synthesized by mixing azidobenzaldehyde (Az) and an aqueous solution of carboxymethyl chitosan sodium salt (NaCMCS), was used for encapsulation of l-arginine deiminase (ADI). The aqueous solution of enzyme-loaded vesicles obtained was followed by UV-irradiation to result in shell cross-linked enzyme nanoreactors. The nanoreactors were characterized by TEM and DLS. Its encapsulation efficiency and loading capacity were determined...
April 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224430/edaravone-enhances-the-viability-of-ischemia-reperfusion-flaps
#12
Dong-Yi Zhang, Shen-Song Kang, Zheng-Wen Zhang, Rui Wu
The purpose of the experiment was to study the efficacy of edaravone in enhancing flap viability after ischemia/reperfusion (IR) and its mechanism. Forty-eight adult male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group (n=16), IR group (n=16), and edaravone-treated IR group (n=16). An island flap at left lower abdomen (6.0 cm×3.0 cm in size), fed by the superficial epigastric artery and vein, was created in each rat of all the three groups. The arterial blood flow of flaps in IR group and edaravone-treated IR group was blocked for 10 h, and then the blood perfusion was restored...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224162/preferential-site-occupancy-of-eu-3-ions-in-strontium-hydroxyapatite-nanocrystalline-sr10-po4-6-oh-2-structural-and-spectroscopic-characterisation
#13
Katarzyna Zawisza, Rafal J Wiglusz
Strontium hydroxyapatite (Sr10(PO4)6(OH)2) nanopowders doped with Eu(3+) ions were synthesized via a microwave-stimulated hydrothermal method and were heat-treated in the temperature range of 450-650 °C for 3 h. The concentration of Eu(3+) ions was set in the range of 0.5-5 mol% to investigate the site occupancy preference. The structural and morphological properties of the obtained samples were determined via XRD (X-ray powder diffraction) and TEM (transmission electron microscopy) techniques, as well as IR (infrared) and Raman spectroscopy...
February 22, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224153/synthesis-and-characterization-of-a-series-of-novel-perovskite-type-lamno3-keggin-type-polyoxometalate-hybrid-nanomaterials-for-fast-and-selective-removal-of-cationic-dyes-from-aqueous-solutions
#14
Saeed Farhadi, Farzaneh Mahmoudi, Mostafa M Amini, Michal Dusek, Marketa Jarosova
In this paper, Keggin-type heteropoly acids H3PMo12O40 (PMo12), H3PW12O40 (PW12) and H4SiW12O40 (SiW12) were successfully supported on silica-coated perovskite type LaMnO3 nanoparticles by a simple acid-base reaction. These novel hybrid nanomaterials (denoted as LaMnO3@SiO2/PMo12 (1), LaMnO3@SiO2/PW12 (2), and LaMnO3@SiO2/SiW12 (3)) were characterized by means of FT-IR, PXRD, inductively coupled plasma (ICP) spectrometry, SEM, EDX, TEM and BET surface area analysis. Furthermore, the adsorption abilities of 1-3 were tested towards cationic methylene blue (MB) and anionic methyl orange (MO) dyes...
February 22, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223861/biogenic-nanoparticles-bearing-antibacterial-activity-and-their-synergistic-effect-with-broad-spectrum-antibiotics-emerging-strategy-to-combat-drug-resistant-pathogens
#15
Syed Baker, Azmath Pasha, Sreedharamurthy Satish
The present study emphasizes on synthesis of bimetallic silver-gold nanoparticles from cell free supernatant of Pseudomonas veronii strain AS41G inhabiting Annona squamosa L. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using hyphenated techniques with UV-Visible spectra ascertained absorbance peak between 400 and 800 nm. Possible interaction of biomolecules in mediating and stabilization of nanoparticles was depicted with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). X-ray diffraction (XRD) displayed Bragg's peak conferring the 1 0 0, 1 1 1, 2 0 0, and 2 2 0 facets of the face centered cubic symmetry of nanoparticles suggesting that these nanoparticles were crystalline in nature...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222361/biological-and-catalytic-applications-of-green-synthesized-fluorescent-n-doped-carbon-dots-using-hylocereus-undatus
#16
Velusamy Arul, Thomas Nesakumar Jebakumar Immanuel Edison, Yong Rok Lee, Mathur Gopalakrishnan Sethuraman
In this work, a simple hydrothermal route for the synthesis of fluorescent nitrogen doped carbon dots (N-CDs) is reported. The Hylocereus undatus (H. undatus) extract and aqueous ammonia are used as carbon and nitrogen source, respectively. The optical properties of synthesized N-CDs are analyzed using UV-Visible (UV-Vis) and fluorescence spectroscopy. The surface morphology, elemental composition, crystallinity and functional groups present in the N-CDs are examined using high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, respectively...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222304/fabrication-of-novel-visible-light-driven-agi-g-c3n4-composites-with-enhanced-visible-light-photocatalytic-activity-for-diclofenac-degradation
#17
Wei Zhang, Li Zhou, Jun Shi, Huiping Deng
A visible-light-driven heterostructured AgI/g-C3N4 was prepared by a deposition-precipitation method. The composition, structure, morphology, and optical properties of the photocatalyst were characterized by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method (BET), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscope (TEM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), UV-vis diffused reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL), photocurrent, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), respectively...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221765/design-of-macroscopically-ordered-liquid-crystalline-hydrogel-columns-knitted-with-nanosilver-for-topical-applications
#18
Sudha Janardhanan Devaki, Reshma Lali Raveendran, Nishanth Kumar Sasidharan
Design of liquid crystalline hydrogels knitted with silver nanoparticles in macroscopic ordering are becoming subject of research interest due to their promising multifunctional applications in biomedical and opto-electronic applications. The present work describes the development of liquid crystalline Schiff-based hydrogel decorated with silver nanoparticles and demonstration of its antifungal applications. Schiff base was prepared from polyglucanaldehyde and chitosan and the former was prepared by the oxidation of amylose (polyglucopyranose) isolated from abundantly available unutilised jackfruit seed starch...
February 21, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221025/synergistic-effects-of-stabilizing-the-surface-structure-and-lowering-the-interface-resistance-in-improving-the-low-temperature-performances-of-layered-lithium-rich-materials
#19
Shi Chen, Lai Chen, Yitong Li, Yuefeng Su, Yun Lu, Liying Bao, Jing Wang, Meng Wang, Feng Wu
Layered lithium-rich cathode material, Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 was successfully synthesized by a sol-gel method followed by coating with different amount of Li3-BO3 (LBO, 1wt %, 3wt %, 5wt %). The effects of LBO coating layer on the structure, morphology and low-temperature (-30 °C) electrochemical properties of these materials are investigated systematically. The morphology, crystal structure and grain size of the Li-rich layered oxide are not essentially changed after surface modification; and according to the TEM results, the Li-B-O coating layer exists as an amorphous layer with a thickness of 5~8 nm when the amount is 3wt %...
February 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221016/preparation-and-rate-capability-of-carbon-coated-lini1-3co1-3mn1-3o2-as-cathode-material-in-lithium-ion-batteries
#20
Chaofan Yang, Xiaosong Zhang, Mengyi Huang, Junjie Huang, Zebo Fang
LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 (NCM) is regarded as a promising material for next-generation lithium ion batteries due to the high capacity, but its practical applications are limited by the poor electronic conductivity. Here, a one-step method is used to prepare carbon coated LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 (NCM/C) by applying active carbon as reaction matrix. TEM shows LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 particles are homogeneously coated by carbon with a thickness about 10 nm. NCM/C delivers the discharge capacity of 191.2 mAh g-1 at 0.5 C (85 mA g-1) with a columbic efficiency of 91...
February 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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