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Preoperative nutrition hepatobiliary surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26718329/the-assessment-and-management-of-older-cancer-patients-a-siog-surgical-task-force-survey-on-surgeons-attitudes
#1
F Ghignone, B L van Leeuwen, I Montroni, M G Huisman, P Somasundar, K L Cheung, R A Audisio, G Ugolini
AIM: The Surgical Task Force at SIOG (International Society of Geriatric Oncology) designed this survey to explore the surgical oncologists' approach toward elderly cancer patients. METHODS: A web-based survey was sent to all members of ESSO (European Society of Surgical Oncology) and SSO (Society of Surgical Oncology). RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-one surgeons responded (11% response rate) with a main interest on breast (62.1%), colorectal (43%) and hepatobiliary (27...
February 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26693742/preoperative-nutritional-risk-index-to-predict-postoperative-survival-time-in-primary-liver-cancer-patients
#2
Yacong Bo, Mingjie Yao, Ling Zhang, Wolde Bekalo, Weiquan Lu, Quanjun Lu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We designed this study to determine the predictive value of Nutritional Risk Index (NRI) for postoperative survival time of patients who had undergone hepatectomy for primary liver cancer. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The 620 patients who underwent hepatectomy for primary liver cancer (PLC) in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Cancer Hospital of Henan Province, Zhengzhou, China from December 1, 2008 to December 1, 2012 were followed up...
2015: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26187429/evaluation-of-inflammation-based-prognostic-scores-in-patients-undergoing-hepatobiliary-resection-for-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#3
Masataka Okuno, Tomoki Ebata, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Tsuyoshi Igami, Gen Sugawara, Takashi Mizuno, Junpei Yamaguchi, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: Inflammation-based prognostic scores have prognostic value in several kinds of cancer. However, little is known about their value in perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. We evaluated whether inflammation-based prognostic scores are associated with survival of patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Inflammation-based scores (i.e., the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-lymphocyte ratio, and prognostic nutritional index) were retrospectively evaluated in 534 patients who underwent resection for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma...
February 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25197193/analysis-of-bile-in-various-hepatobiliary-disease-states-a-pilot-study
#4
Ajay Verma, Veereshwar Bhatnagar, Shyam Prakash, Abhay Kumar Srivastava
AIM: Our study aims to find various enzymatic and biochemical components of bile and their clinical or prognostic correlation with regard to progression and severity of hepatobiliary diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a cross-sectional study where all the patients suffering from choledochal cyst (CDC), extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO), and infantile obstructive cholangiopathy undergoing diagnostic preoperative cholangiogram; and patients with history of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) undergoing surgery for some other condition were included in the study...
July 2014: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23323003/prealbumin-is-predictive-for-postoperative-liver-insufficiency-in-patients-undergoing-liver-resection
#5
Liang Huang, Jing Li, Jian-Jun Yan, Cai-Feng Liu, Meng-Chao Wu, Yi-Qun Yan
AIM: To investigate the risk factors for postoperative liver insufficiency in patients with Child-Pugh class A liver function undergoing liver resection. METHODS: A total of 427 consecutive patients undergoing partial hepatectomy from October 2007 to April 2011 at a single center (Department of Hepatic SurgeryI, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Shanghai, China) were included in the study. All the patients had preoperative liver function of Child-Pugh class A and were diagnosed as having primary liver cancer by postoperative histopathology...
December 21, 2012: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21174712/-present-state-and-views-of-nutritional-management-in-abdominal-surgery-5-pre-and-postoperative-nutritional-management-of-various-diseases-b-hepatobiliary-pancreatic-disease
#6
Ryota Higuchi, Masakazu Yamamoto
The field of hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery involves performing hepatectomy, pancreatectomy, and hepatopancreatoduodenectomy, which are all very invasive procedures. Since bile and pancreatic juice are associated with the etiology of disease, appropriate management is necessary for patients with chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, obstructive jaundice, deteriorating internal and external secretory function of the pancreas and digestive organs, and absorption disorders. Because malnutrition increases the risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality, it is important for patients to maintain good nutritional status during the perioperative period to improve the postoperative outcome...
November 2010: Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18648132/nutritional-and-anthropometric-assessment-of-the-scope-for-dietary-optimization-during-staging-prior-to-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#7
Kolitha S Goonetilleke, Harsha R Hathurusinghe, Sorrell Burden, Ajith K Siriwardena
CONTEXT: Although several studies have examined peri-operative nutritional supplementation in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy all provided support at various timepoints with a variety of protocols. OBJECTIVE: This study undertakes a detailed nutritional and anthropometric assessment of patients due to undergo pancreaticoduodenectomy with particular reference to pre-operative nutritional status and peri-operative outcome. PATIENTS: Twenty-six patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy...
July 10, 2008: JOP: Journal of the Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7772912/the-preoperative-nutritional-assessment-of-surgical-patients-with-hepatic-dysfunction
#8
T Higashiguchi, H Yokoi, T Noguchi, Y Kawarada, R Mizumoto, P O Hasselgren
The precise influence of malnutrition on postoperative complications in patients with hepatic dysfunction is not well known. In phase I of the present study, we evaluated the nutritional status of 102 patients with hepatic dysfunction who were admitted for elective hepatobiliary or pancreatic surgery, and a model for the prediction of postoperative complications was developed using a computer-based stepwise regression procedure. The equation for this Prognostic Nutritional Index for Surgery (PNIS) was calculated by [-0...
1995: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2830417/nutritional-risk-factors-in-major-hepatobiliary-surgery
#9
A W Halliday, I S Benjamin, L H Blumgart
Preoperative nutritional assessment was performed for 32 patients undergoing surgery for malignant hepatobiliary and pancreatic disease. Weight, mid-arm circumference, total body potassium (TBK), and skin test reactivity were significantly reduced in the seven patients who died after operation (p less than .05, Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test). Analyses of major life-threatening complications indicated that those who had a complicated postoperative course (17 patients) had a significantly lower TBK (p less than ...
January 1988: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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