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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966955/paget-schroetter-syndrome-as-a-result-of-1st-rib-stress-fracture-due-to-gym-activity-presenting-with-urschel-s-sign-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Vipul Garg, Glenys Poon, Aprine Tan, Kein Boon Poon
BACKGROUND: Paget-Schrotter Syndrome (PSS) also known as "effort thrombosis" is a form of primary thrombosis in the subclavian vein at the costoclavicular junction is usually seen in younger patients after repeated strenuous activity of the shoulders and arms. When occurring in younger patients, PSS presents itself with predisposing factors such as unilateral dull, aching pain in the shoulder or axilla and swelling of the arm and hand. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a rare case of unusual left axillo-subclavian vein thrombosis following narrowing of thoracic outlet due to stress injury of rib fracture likely during gym activity in absence of other clear risk factors and a negative hypercoagulable workup in a 27-year-old man who was admitted as left deltoid rupture 5 days after his usual gym...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671210/indian-ginseng-withania-somnifera-supplementation-ameliorates-oxidative-stress-and-mitochondrial-dysfunctions-in-experimental-model-of-stroke
#2
Abhilasha Sood, Arpit Mehrotra, Devinder K Dhawan, Rajat Sandhir
Stroke is an increasingly prevalent clinical condition and second leading cause of death globally. The present study evaluated the therapeutic potential of Indian Ginseng, also known as Withania somnifera (WS), supplementation on middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) induced mitochondrial dysfunctions in experimental model of ischemic stroke. Stroke was induced in animals by occluding the middle cerebral artery, followed by reperfusion injury. Ischemia reperfusion injury resulted in increased oxidative stress indicated by increased reactive oxygen species and protein carbonyl levels; compromised antioxidant system; in terms of reduced superoxide dismutase and catalase activity, along with reduction in GSH levels and the redox ratio, impaired mitochondrial functions and enhanced expression of apoptosis markers...
August 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231471/-penetration-acupuncture-at-baxie-ex-ue-9-combined-with-rehabilitation-for-swelling-hand-of-post-stroke-shoulder-hand-syndrome
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chunshui Huang, Wenchao Fan, Ansheng Yu, Xiao Cui, Ji Wu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects between penetration acupuncture at Baxie (EX-UE 9) combined with rehabilitation and simple rehabilitation for swelling hand in post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group,30 cases in each one. Penetration acupuncture at Baxie (EX-UE 9) combined with rehabilitation were used in the observation group,and the acupoints were the affected Baxie (EX-UE 9) and Wailaogong (EX-UE 8)...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930819/recovery-of-an-injured-corticobulbar-tract-in-a-patient-with-stroke-a-case-report
#4
Sungho Jang, Jonghoon Kim, Yousung Seo, Soyoung Kwak
RATIONALE: The corticobulbar tract (CBT) is known to be involved in the motor function of the non-oculomotor cranial nuclei and controls the muscles of the face, head, and neck. Several studies have reported injury of the CBT in patients with brain injury, however, little is known about recovery of the injured CBT. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old right-handed male underwent decompressive craniectomy for management of brain swelling and intracerebral hemorrhage following an infarction in the left middle cerebral artery territory...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337356/cervical-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-lymphedema-of-all-four-extremities-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Livia Maria Pereira de Godoy, Paula Pereira de Godoy Capeletto, José Maria Pereira de Godoy, Maria de Fátima Guerreiro Godoy
Aim. The aim of this study is to report on the use of cervical stimulation as monotherapy to reduce swelling and normalize the size of limbs in two children with lymphedema of all four extremities. Case Presentation. One child also had hemifacial edema. In both cases, the mothers were trained to perform cervical stimulation under professional supervision. The cases of two girls, one of eight months and the other of six months, with primary congenital lymphedema are described. Outcome. After clinical diagnosis, the patients started treatment with cervical stimulation three times per week...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495051/is-poststroke-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-the-combination-of-shoulder-pain-and-soft-tissue-injury-of-the-wrist-a-prospective-observational-study-strobe-of-ultrasonographic-findings-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#6
Yong Wook Kim, Yoon Kim, Jong Moon Kim, Ji Seong Hong, Hyun Sun Lim, Hyoung Seop Kim
Patients with poststroke complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) show different symptoms compared to other types of CRPS, as they usually complain of shoulder and wrist pain with the elbow relatively spared. It is thus also known by the term "shoulder-hand syndrome."The aim of this study is to present a possible pathophysiology of poststroke CRPS through ultrasonographic observation of the affected wrist before and after steroid injection at the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) tendon in patients suspected with poststroke CRPS...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26821518/a-rare-complication-of-a-rare-disease-stroke-due-to-relapsing-polychondritis
#7
Eda Kiliç Çoban, Elmir Xanmemmedov, Melek Çolak, Aysun Soysal
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is an episodic and progressive inflammatory disease of cartilaginous structures. Its diagnosis is based primarily on clinical features such as laboratory parameters, biopsy. Neurological complications occur in 3% of the cases and are classified as an important cause of death. The cranial nerve disorders are most common but hemiplegia, ataxia, myelitis, polyneuritis, seizures, confusion, hallucination and headache can also happen. The aetiology of central nervous system involvement is still unknown...
November 30, 2015: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25943440/the-effect-of-upper-extremity-aerobic-exercise-on-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-type-i-a-randomized-controlled-study-on-subacute-stroke
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Asli Topcuoglu, Nilufer Kutay Ordu Gokkaya, Halil Ucan, Dilek Karakuş
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Complex regional pain syndrome type I (CPRS I), is a complex of symptoms characterized by diffuse pain usually with associated swelling, vasomotor instability, and severe functional impairment of the affected extremity in stroke patients. Pain is a prominent feature and is often refractory to variety of treatment. METHODS: To investigate the clinical, functional, and psychosocial effects of upper extremity aerobic exercise (UEAE) and compare the effect of aerobic exercise with that of conventional physiotherapy in patients with CPRS type I following stroke as a randomized controlled assesor blinded 4  week-study...
August 2015: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23879307/multimodal-physical-therapy-management-of-a-48-year-old-female-with-post-stroke-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#9
Sudarshan Anandkumar, Murugavel Manivasagam
This case report describes a 48-year-old female who presented with complaints of right shoulder pain, hyperesthesias and swelling of the hand along with added symptoms of pain centralization following a cerebrovascular accident. On clinical evaluation, the patient satisfied the Budapest diagnostic criteria for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) type-1. Physical therapy management (1st three sessions) was initially focused on pain neurophysiology education with an aim to reduce kinesiophobia and reconceptualise her pain perception...
January 2014: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23218119/platelet-derived-growth-factor-cc-isoform-is-associated-with-hemorrhagic-transformation-in-ischemic-stroke-patients-treated-with-tissue-plasminogen-activator
#10
Raquel Rodríguez-González, Miguel Blanco, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez, Octavio Moldes, José Castillo, Tomás Sobrino
OBJECTIVE: Platelet derived growth factor-CC (PDGF-CC) isoform is activated by tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) regulating blood brain barrier permeability after ischemia. We aimed to study the association of PDGF isoforms serum levels with hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and edema after thrombolytic treatment in ischemic stroke. METHODS: We studied 129 patients with ischemic stroke treated with tPA within the first 4.5 h (h) from stroke onset. CT was performed on admission and at 24-36 h...
January 2013: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23208475/clinical-features-of-sickle-cell-anaemia-in-northern-nigerian-children
#11
J P Ambe, Y Mava, R Chama, G Farouq, Y Machoko
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a more common and severe disease in Africa. Nigeria the most populous black nation in Africa has the largest number of sickle cell anaemia (SCA) patients in the world. Borno and Yobe State has the largest number of sickle cell trait in Nigeria with prevalence of 27.9% and 32.6% respectively. Sickle cell anaemia survival to adulthood in Africa was reported to be 10-15% in the first decade of life, with the death rate of about 5% during subsequent decades...
April 2012: West African Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23185727/efficacy-of-ultrasonography-guided-stellate-ganglion-blockade-in-the-stroke-patients-with-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#12
Seung Don Yoo, Sang Soo Jung, Hee-Sang Kim, Dong Hwan Yun, Dong Hwan Kim, Jinmann Chon, Dong Whan Hong
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of ultrasonography guided stellate ganglion block (US-SGB) with that of blind SGB in management of the stroke patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) type 1. METHOD: Forty-two patients with post-stroke CRPS were randomly assigned to either US-guided SGB (22 patients) or blind SGB group (20 patients). The mean age of US-guided SGB and blind SGB groups was 61.3±5.6 years and 59.1±4.5 years. We performed two blockades at 7-day intervals on the affected side of patients with CRPS...
October 2012: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21305234/prevalence-and-impact-of-joint-symptoms-in-people-with-stroke-aged-55-years-and-over
#13
Chamila Hettiarachchi, Philip Conaghan, Alan Tennant, Bipin Bhakta
OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence and patterns of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms in community-dwelling stroke survivors and their impact on common activities of daily living. METHODS: Analysis of data from two consecutive postal surveys in northern England. Data on overall joint pain, swelling or stiffness and difficulties with daily living tasks were obtained from 16,222 individuals aged ≥ 55 years (a response rate of 86%). Information on stroke-specific impairments was obtained from the 415 individuals who reported a stroke...
February 2011: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20878046/thickening-of-finger-extensor-tendons-in-affected-hands-among-patients-with-stroke-prevalence-and-sonographic-features
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nai-Hsin Meng, Li-Wei Chou, Pei-Yu Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and sonographic characteristics of thickened finger extensor tendons in affected hands of patients with stroke. DESIGN: Observational survey. SUBJECTS: Thirty-six patients (12 women, 24 men) admitted for rehabilitation because of stroke. CONTROL GROUP: 30 right-handed healthy volunteers. METHODS: We used an 8-16 or a 6-12 MHz sonographic transducer to measure tendon thickness of the extensor digitorum communis of the middle (EDCiii) and ring (EDCiv) fingers at the wrist level...
October 2010: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19284397/laser-therapy-of-painful-shoulder-and-shoulder-hand-syndrome-in-treatment-of-patients-after-the-stroke
#15
Azra Karabegović, Suada Kapidzić-Duraković, Farid Ljuca
The common complication after stroke is pain and dysfunction of shoulder of paralyzed arm, as well as the swelling of the hand. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of LASER therapy and to correlate with electrotherapy (TENS, stabile galvanization) in subjects after stroke. We analyzed 70 subjects after stroke with pain in shoulder and oedema of paralyzed hand. The examinees were divided in two groups of 35, and they were treated in the Clinic for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in Tuzla during 2006 and 2007...
February 2009: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17646563/acute-stroke-with-high-dose-intravenous-immune-globulin
#16
David A White, Mandy C Leonard
PURPOSE: A case of acute stroke in a patient who was receiving high-dose intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) for dermatomyositis is reported. SUMMARY: A 43-year-old woman presented with overwhelming proximal weakness and myalgias, swelling in her hands, facial and knee rash, generalized fatigue, numbness in her left arm, and lower-back pain. Physical examination revealed that she had symptoms consistent with dermatomyositis. The patient was initially treated with prednisone but developed a severe adverse drug reaction to the medication...
August 1, 2007: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17540642/flushing-and-increase-of-serum-tryptase-after-mechanical-irritation-of-a-solitary-mastocytoma
#17
Caroline Bussmann, Tobias Hagemann, Julia Hanfland, Gerhard Haidl, Thomas Bieber, Natalija Novak
Solitary mastocytomas are infiltrates of mast cells in the upper corium, appearing at any side of the body as brownish-reddish plaques in the first months of life. Their course is benign with a spontaneous regression in most cases. A 5-month-old boy presented a 5 x 3 cm sized brownish-yellow plaque on the back of his right hand. His parents reported repeated episodes of swelling and blistering of the skin lesion as well as recurrent systemic flush-reactions. General laboratory parameters were without pathological findings including a normal serum tryptase (5...
July 2007: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16813269/-upper-limb-pain-and-limited-mobility-in-the-patients-after-stroke
#18
Andrzej Zyluk, Beata Zyluk
Pain in the paretic upper limb is a common complaint in the post-stroke patients. It usually affects shoulder joint and, less frequently, wrist and hand. Pain is usually accompanied by limited mobility of the shoulder and sometimes by swelling of the hand and wrist. The aetiology of these complaints remains unclear. The objective of the study was to evaluate the incidence of pain, limited mobility, swelling and other signs that appear in the paretic limb within the first year after stroke. Forty-five stroke patients treated in the Department of Neurology in 2000 who answered the questionnaire concerning type, localization and intensity of the complaints from paretic upper limb were included...
2006: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16689201/complex-regional-pain-syndrome-after-transradial-cardiac-catheterization
#19
Chih-Jou Lai, Chen-Liang Chou, Tcho-Jen Liu, Rai-Chi Chan
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a disease with unclear pathophysiology. The condition is characterized by pain, soft tissue change, vasomotor change, and even psychosocial disturbance. It may affect the upper more than the lower extremities, and the distal more than the proximal. The trigger factors include carpal tunnel release, Dupuytren's repair, tendon release procedures, knee surgery, crush injury, ankle arthrodesis, amputation, and hip arthroplasty. Rarely, it has been associated with stroke, mastectomy, pregnancy, and osteogenesis imperfecta...
April 2006: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16645138/persistent-infarct-hyperintensity-on-diffusion-weighted-imaging-late-after-stroke-indicates-heterogeneous-delayed-infarct-evolution
#20
Carly S Rivers, Joanna M Wardlaw, Paul A Armitage, Mark E Bastin, Trevor K Carpenter, Vera Cvoro, Peter J Hand, Martin S Dennis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Some infarcts have persistently hyperintense areas on diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) even at 1 month after stroke, whereas others have become isointense to normal brain. We hypothesized that late DWI hyperintensity reflected different infarct evolution compared with areas that were isointense by 1 month. METHODS: We recruited patients prospectively with ischemic stroke, performed DWI and perfusion-weighted MRI (PWI) on admission, at 5 days, 14 days, and 1 month after stroke, and assessed functional outcome at 3 months (Rankin Scale)...
June 2006: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
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