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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077948/cellulose-nanowhiskers-decorated-with-silver-nanoparticles-as-an-additive-to-antibacterial-polymers-membranes-fabricated-by-electrospinning
#1
Cristiane Spagnol, Elizângela H Fragal, Antonio G B Pereira, Celso V Nakamura, Edvani C Muniz, Heveline D M Follmann, Rafael Silva, Adley F Rubira
Antimicrobial films based on distinct polymer matrices, poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) or poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm), and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) immobilized onto cellulose nanowhiskers (CWs) were successfully prepared by either casting or electrospinning. CWs were first functionalized with carboxylate groups (labeled as CWSAc) and later they were immersed in a silver nitrate solution (AgNO3 ). After Ag+ ions anchored in the COO- groups are chemically reduced to produce AgNPs. The CWSAc/AgNPs biological activity was evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus (S...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577286/antimicrobial-carvacrol-in-solution-blow-spun-fish-skin-gelatin-nanofibers
#2
Fei Liu, Furkan Türker Saricaoglu, Roberto J Avena-Bustillos, David F Bridges, Gary R Takeoka, Vivian C H Wu, Bor-Sen Chiou, Delilah F Wood, Tara H McHugh, Fang Zhong
Carvacrol is a volatile monoterpenic phenol and main component of oregano essential oil that shows nonspecific antimicrobial activity against foodborne pathogenic bacteria. Fish-skin gelatin (FSG) nanofibers encapsulating carvacrol (15%, 20%, 25%, and 30%, w/w FSG) were successfully prepared via solution blow-spinning (SBS) technique using lecithin (2.475% wb) as the surfactant. FSG emulsions with lower carvacrol ratios (5% and 10%) showed higher values in particle size and surface tension as well as lower values in viscosity and modulus, which led to failure of maintaining nanofibers shape...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574078/a-novel-dressing-for-the-combined-delivery-of-platelet-lysate-and-vancomycin-hydrochloride-to-chronic-skin-ulcers-hyaluronic-acid-particles-in-alginate-matrices
#3
S Rossi, M Mori, B Vigani, M C Bonferoni, G Sandri, F Riva, C Caramella, F Ferrari
The aim of the present work was to develop a medication allowing for the combined delivery of platelet lysate (PL) and an anti-infective model drug, vancomycin hydrochloride (VCM), to chronic skin ulcers. A simple method was set up for the preparation of hyaluronic acid (HA) core-shell particles, loaded with PL and coated with calcium alginate, embedded in a VCM containing alginate matrix. Two different CaCl2 concentrations were investigated to allow for HA/PL core-shell particle formation. The resulting dressings were characterized for mechanical and hydration properties and tested in vitro (on fibroblasts) and ex-vivo (on skin biopsies) for biological activity...
June 15, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336874/electrospun-nanofibres-containing-antimicrobial-plant-extracts
#4
REVIEW
Wanwei Zhang, Sara Ronca, Elisa Mele
Over the last 10 years great research interest has been directed toward nanofibrous architectures produced by electrospinning bioactive plant extracts. The resulting structures possess antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant activity, which are attractive for biomedical applications and food industry. This review describes the diverse approaches that have been developed to produce electrospun nanofibres that are able to deliver naturally-derived chemical compounds in a controlled way and to prevent their degradation...
February 15, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612753/development-of-hydrocolloid-bi-layer-dressing-with-bio-adhesive-and-non-adhesive-properties
#5
M Iqbal H Khan, Jahid M M Islam, Wasifa Kabir, Ataur Rahman, Maria Mizan, M Fizur Rahman, Jakia Amin, Mubarak A Khan
Bio-active bi-layer thin film having both bio-adhesive and non-adhesive end composed of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and gelatin/chitosan/polyethylene glycol (PEG) blend was developed for biomedical applications especially as an alternative of advanced tissue scaffold. The developed composite film was subjected to mechanical, thermal and physico-chemical characterization such as tensile strength (TS) and elongation at break (Eb), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), fluid drainage capacity and biocompatibility...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498416/novel-nanocomposites-with-selective-antibacterial-action-and-low-cytotoxic-effect-on-eukaryotic-cells
#6
Kumari Shweta, Kanakaraju Manupati, Amitava Das, Harit Jha
In the present study we synthesized lignin-tetra ethoxysilane (TEOS) nanocomposite and characterized it using UV-spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Field Emission-Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). XRD spectra and SEM micrographs confirmed a relatively high degree of crystallinity (peaks located at lower angle, 2θ=12° and 2θ=22.0°) and porous nature of nanocomposite. The lignin-TEOS nanocomposites depicted antibacterial activity against the test microorganisms (Pseudomonas aerugenosa MTCC 741, Escherichia coli MTCC 739, Bacillus subtilis MTCC 441 and Staphylococcus aureus MTCC 96) whereas at the same concentration did not show any significant cytotoxicity against various tissue-specific cancer cell lines such as breast cancer: MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468, BT-549; lung cancer: A-549; prostate cancer: PC-3, Du-145; as well as primary control cells-Human hepatic stellate cells (HHSteCs)...
November 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151695/antimicrobial-coatings-based-on-zinc-oxide-and-orange-oil-for-improved-bioactive-wound-dressings-and-other-applications
#7
Marius Rădulescu, Ecaterina Andronescu, Andreea Cirja, Alina Maria Holban, LaurenŢiu Mogoantă, Tudor Adrian Bălşeanu, Bogdan Cătălin, Tiberiu Paul Neagu, Ioan Lascăr, Denisa Alexandra Florea, Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu, Bianca Ciubuca, Veronica Lazăr, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc, Alexandra Bolocan
This work presents a novel nano-modified coating for wound dressings and other medical devices with anti-infective properties, based on functionalized zinc oxide nanostructures and orange oil (ZnO@OO). The obtained nanosurfaces were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), differential thermal analysis-thermogravimetry (DTA-TG), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The obtained nanocomposite coatings exhibited an antimicrobial activity superior to bare ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) and to the control antibiotic against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, as revealed by the lower minimal inhibitory concentration values...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129441/antibacterial-applications-of-graphene-based-nanomaterials-recent-achievements-and-challenges
#8
REVIEW
Haiwei Ji, Hanjun Sun, Xiaogang Qu
Graphene has emerged as a novel green broad-spectrum antibacterial material, with little bacterial resistance and tolerable cytotoxic effect on mammalian cells. It exerts its antibacterial action via physical damages such as direct contact of its sharp edges with bacterial membranes and destructive extraction of lipid molecules. These damages also include wrapping and photothermal ablation mechanisms. Alternatively, chemical damage of bacteria is caused by oxidative stress with the generation of reactive oxygen species and charge transfer...
October 1, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26682457/silver-nanoparticles-stabilized-using-chitosan-films-preparation-properties-and-antibacterial-activity
#9
K Kolarova, V Vosmanska, S Rimpelova, P Ulbrich, V Svorcik
In this work we present silver nanoparticles coated with chitosan films synthesized by a simple, environmentally friendly method. Silver nanoparticles were prepared and stabilized by reduction of silver nitrate with chitosan without addition of harmful reduction agents. The presence of silver nanoparticles in the solid films was studied by the X-ray diffraction spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Solid films were dissolved and the solution was observed by the ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy...
December 2015: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26257798/the-effects-of-discharge-training-and-counseling-on-post-discharge-problems-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#10
Masoumeh Akbari, Sevilay Senol Celik
BACKGROUND: Advances in coronary artery surgery have reduced morbidity, mortality, and rates of graft occlusion. Discharge programs are important services for the continuity of treatment and must encompass physical, psychological, and social aspects of individual patient care. This study aimed at investigating the effect of planned discharge training and counseling on the problems experienced by patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A semi-experimental study was performed on 100 patients undergoing CABG surgery in the surgery department...
July 2015: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25193100/synthesis-of-antimicrobial-nisin-phosphorylated-soybean-protein-isolate-poly-l-lactic-acid-zro2-membranes
#11
Suwei Jiang, Hualin Wang, Chenjiang Chu, Xingkong Ma, Min Sun, Shaotong Jiang
Electrospinning technique was used to fabricate the model drug Nisin loaded phosphorylated soybean protein isolate/poly(l-lactic acid)/zirconium dioxide (Nisin-PSPI/PLLA/ZrO2) nanofibrous membranes. The average diameter of drug carrier PSPI/PLLA/ZrO2 nanofibers increased with the increase of content PSPI and some spindle-shape beads appeared when PSPI content reached 25 wt%. The loading dosage of Nisin caused no significant changes in the size and morphology of nanofibers when Nisin content was below 9 wt%...
January 2015: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24211443/all-natural-composite-wound-dressing-films-of-essential-oils-encapsulated-in-sodium-alginate-with-antimicrobial-properties
#12
Ioannis Liakos, Loris Rizzello, David J Scurr, Pier Paolo Pompa, Ilker S Bayer, Athanassia Athanassiou
We present natural polymeric composite films made of essential oils (EOs) dispersed in sodium alginate (NaAlg) matrix, with remarkable anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties. Namely, elicriso italic, chamomile blue, cinnamon, lavender, tea tree, peppermint, eucalyptus, lemongrass and lemon oils were encapsulated in the films as potential active substances. Glycerol was used to induce plasticity and surfactants were added to improve the dispersion of EOs in the NaAlg matrix. The topography, chemical composition, mechanical properties, and humidity resistance of the films are presented analytically...
March 25, 2014: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23218280/controlled-antiseptic-release-by-alginate-polymer-films-and-beads
#13
Ioannis Liakos, Loris Rizzello, Ilker S Bayer, Pier Paolo Pompa, Roberto Cingolani, Athanassia Athanassiou
Biodegradable polymeric materials based on blending aqueous dispersions of natural polymer sodium alginate (NaAlg) and povidone iodine (PVPI) complex, which allow controlled antiseptic release, are presented. The developed materials are either free standing NaAlg films or Ca(2+)-cross-linked alginate beads, which properly combined with PVPI demonstrate antibacterial and antifungal activity, suitable for therapeutic applications, such as wound dressing. Glycerol was used as the plasticizing agent. Film morphology was studied by optical and atomic force microscopy...
January 30, 2013: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15976689/-cell-therapy-product-dermagen-for-treatment-of-hard-to-heal-skin-wounds
#14
D Vacher
Epidermal sheets were developed for the treatment of hard-to-heal skin wounds. Products currently marketed in France, e.g. Epibase, are very efficient but not totally satisfactory in cases of very deep dermal injury which often occurs in burn victims. A function dermis or "dermis equivalent" association a three-dimensional matrix (dermal substrate) and allogenic dermal fibroblasts able to secrete numerous cytokines, growth factors, and protease inhibitors, was developed in our biotechnology laboratory using good manufacturing standards (ISO9000)...
June 2005: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
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