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Nutrition protein

Ana Yibby Forero, Jenny Alexandra Hernández, Sandra Milena Rodríguez, Jhon Jairo Romero, Gina Emely Morales, Gabriel Ángel Ramírez
Introduction: Type II diabetes mellitus (DMII) is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality both worldwide and in Colombia. It mainly affects men and women over 45 years of age. Inadequate control of this disease can generate greater health complications making it one of the most costly diseases in the country. Treatment includes activities other than glycemic control and requires constant monitoring by medical personnel and educational processes directed at the patient and his or her family. Objective: To characterize the feeding of patients with DMII in three public hospitals of Cundinamarca...
September 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Bat-El Bar Aluma, Lucy Norcliffe-Kaufmann, Ifat Sarouk, Adi Dagan, Moshe Ashkenazi, Yael Bezalel, Daphna Vilozni, Avishay Lahad, Ori Efrati
OBJECTIVES: Familial dysautonomia (FD) is a rare hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy characterized by chronic lung disease and cyclic vomiting due to hyper-adrenergic crises. Most FD patients are in a depleted nutritional state; however the phenotype of the disease is quite different between patients, as for the severity of lung disease and the intensity and frequency of these pathognomonic crises. In this study we wanted to investigate whether resting energy expenditure (REE) levels are increased in this population, and if correlations exist between REE levels and phenotype severity...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
S Beavan, R Baker, H Sadler, A Collinson
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition affects up to 33.6% of hospitalised patients, with consequences that are detrimental for both patients and healthcare providers. In 2015, an audit demonstrated inadequate nutritional provision and consumption by hospitalised patients, comprising a major risk factor for malnutrition. This re-audit evaluates whether patients are meeting recommended energy and protein standards and estimated individual requirements, subsequent to food service improvements since 2015...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Yoshinaga Okugawa, Yuji Toiyama, Akira Yamamoto, Tsunehiko Shigemori, Ayame Kitamura, Takashi Ichikawa, Shozo Ide, Takahito Kitajima, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Hiromi Yasuda, Yoshiki Okita, Junichiro Hiro, Toshimitsu Araki, Donald C McMillan, Chikao Miki, Masato Kusunoki
BACKGROUND: The systemic inflammatory response (SIR) via host-tumor interactions has been termed the seventh hallmark of cancer, and several studies demonstrated that SIR might be a pivotal mediator for progression of cancer cachexia. The objective of this study was to clarify the correlation between sarcopenia and SIR in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: A total of 308 patients with CRC were enrolled in this study. Preoperative psoas muscle mass index and intramuscular adipose tissue content were evaluated using preoperative computed tomographic images, and the correlation between body composition status and several SIR markers, including C-reactive protein (CRP), serum albumin level, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-lymphocyte ratio, and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) was assessed using statistical methods...
October 18, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Edgar Jacoby, J B Brown
Following the elucidation of the human genome, chemogenomics emerged in the beginning of the twenty-first century as an interdisciplinary research field with the aim to accelerate target and drug discovery by making best usage of the genomic data and the data linkable to it. What started as a systematization approach within protein target families now encompasses all types of chemical compounds and gene products. A key objective of chemogenomics is the establishment, extension, analysis, and prediction of a comprehensive SAR matrix which by application will enable further systematization in drug discovery...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Tihana Žugčić, Radhia Abdelkebir, Francisco J Barba, Anet Rezek-Jambrak, Fernando Gálvez, Sol Zamuz, Daniel Granato, José M Lorenzo
Physicochemical parameters (pH, colour and texture), proximate composition (moisture, protein, lipid and ash content), amino acid content, and taste profile of beef patties elaborated with soy (control), pulses (pea, lentil and bean) and microalgal ( Chlorella and Spirulina ) proteins were assessed. The pH, colour, ash content, total, essential and non-essential amino acids and amino acid content were significantly different among the beef patties studied. In this regard, beef patties prepared with pea protein presented the highest values for pH; whereas beef patties manufactured with pea also showed the highest values for lightness and patties elaborated with bean the highest values for redness...
November 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Mariusz Szymczak, Katarzyna Felisiak, Barbara Szymczak
Brines after herring marinating pose a serious financial problem to the industry and natural environment. Paradoxically, the brine waste containing biological active compounds like proteases and peptides being responsible for marinade quality is discarded with sewage. Results show that the reuse of brine without filtration is not possible because of increase in the bacterial count and lipid oxidation in marinated herring. The desired parameters of marinades were achieved using brine permeate-50 µm free of the suspension and lipids...
November 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Zeng Wang, Yunsong Peng, Xinjun Cai, Yingying Cao, Guonong Yang, Ping Huang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Abdominal surgery significantly affects the structure and function of the gastrointestinal system of patients, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is an important nutrition support method for postoperative patients. However, in the process of TPN practice, the excessive fat emulsion and compound amino-acid prescriptions ratio are often prescribed by doctors. To address the problem, we developed the computerized TPN prescription management system to promote the personalized provision of TPN...
October 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Simon Snoeck, Nicky Wybouw, Thomas Van Leeuwen, Wannes Dermauw
The two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae is an important pest with an exceptionally broad host plant range. This generalist rapidly acclimatizes and adapts to a new host, hereby overcoming nutritional challenges and a novel pallet of constitutive and induced plant defenses. Although recent studies reveal that a broad transcriptomic response upon host plant transfer is associated with a generalist life style in arthropod herbivores, it remains uncertain to what extent these transcriptional changes are general stress responses or host-specific...
October 17, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Valeria Di Onofrio, Francesca Gallé, Mirella Di Dio, Patrizia Belfiore, Giorgio Liguori
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with a prion diminished quality of life, especially due to the severe complications that it implicates. Changing dietary habits is an absolute priority, as well as implementing nutritional motivational programs. The aim of this study was to verify the effectiveness of a nutritional intervention in improving the health of patients affected by T2D. METHODS: A total of 69 patients participated in a nine-months motivational program focused on the principles of the Mediterranean diet, the classes of nutrients, the distribution of the meals during the day and the dietary choices...
October 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
Paolo Cotogni, Taira Monge, Maurizio Fadda, Antonella De Francesco
BACKGROUND: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) can improve survival, quality of life, nutritional and functional status in cancer patients. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a non-invasive, validated method to assess body composition. The objective of this prospective single-arm study was to investigate the impact of HPN in advanced cancer patients receiving chemotherapy assessed by BIA, clinical and laboratory measures. METHODS: Adult malnourished cancer outpatients with solid tumors receiving anticancer treatments who were candidates for daily HPN were enrolled...
October 17, 2018: BMC Cancer
Tamanna Anwar, Gourinath Samudrala
Entamoeba histolytica is an invasive, pathogenic parasite causing amoebiasis. Given that proteins involved in transmembrane (TM) transport are crucial for the adherence, invasion, and nutrition of the parasite, we conducted a genome-wide bioinformatics analysis of encoding proteins to functionally classify and characterize all the TM proteins in E. histolytica . In the present study, 692 TM proteins have been identified, of which 546 are TM transporters. For the first time, we report a set of 141 uncharacterized proteins predicted as TM transporters...
October 16, 2018: Genes
Christine H Foyer, Kadambot H M Siddique, Amos P K Tai, Sven Anders, Nandor Fodor, Fuk-Ling Wong, Ndiko Ludidi, Mark A Chapman, Brett J Ferguson, Michael J Considine, Florian Zabel, P V Vara Prasad, Rajeev K Varshney, Henry T Nguyen, Hon-Ming Lam
The superior agronomic and human nutritional properties of grain legumes (pulses) make them an ideal foundation for future sustainable agriculture. Legume-based farming is particularly important in Africa, where small-scale agricultural systems dominate the food production landscape. Legumes provide an inexpensive source of protein and nutrients to African households as well as natural fertilization for the soil. While the consumption of traditionally grown legumes has started to decline, the production of soybeans (Glycine max Merr...
October 17, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
Shan Li, Kunsong Chen, Don Grierson
Understanding the regulation of fleshy fruit ripening is biologically important, provides insights and opportunities for controlling fruit quality, enhancing nutritional value for animals and humans and improving storage and waste reduction. The ripening regulatory network involves master- and downstream transcription factors (TFs) and hormones. Tomato is a model for ripening regulation, which requires ethylene and master TFs including NAC-NOR and the MADS-box protein MADS-RIN. Recent functional characterization showed the classical RIN-MC gene fusion, previously believed to be a loss-of-function mutation, is an active transcription factor with repressor activity...
October 17, 2018: New Phytologist
G S Castañeda-Ramírez, M Rodríguez-Labastida, G I Ortiz-Ocampo, P G González-Pech, J Ventura-Cordero, R Borges-Argáez, J F J Torres-Acosta, C A Sandoval-Castro, C Mathieu
Nutraceutical plants provide nutrients for the animal as well as secondary compounds that can affect the biology and survival of gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN). Current screening of nutraceutical plants is based on in vitro evidence of anthelmintic (AH) activity against different life stages of GIN, but nutritional information is omitted or scarce. This study proposes an integral in vitro screening protocol to identify the nutraceutical value of the foliage from plant species consumed by small ruminants, using Haemonchus contortus as a biological model...
October 16, 2018: Parasitology Research
Rita Ostan, Giulia Guidarelli, Enrico Giampieri, Catia Lanzarini, Agnes A M Berendsen, Olga Januszko, Amy Jennings, Noëlle Lyon, Elodie Caumon, Rachel Gillings, Ewa Sicinska, Nathalie Meunier, Edith J M Feskens, Barbara Pietruszka, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Miriam Capri, Claudio Franceschi, Aurelia Santoro
Methods for measuring diet composition and quantifying nutrient intake with sufficient validity are essential to study the association between nutrition and health outcomes and risk of diseases. 7-day food records provides a quantification of food actually and currently consumed and is interesting for its use in intervention studies to monitor diet in a short-term period and to guide participants toward changing their intakes. The objective of this study is to analyze the correlation/association between the daily intake of selected nutrients (collected by a 7-day food records plus a mineral/vitamin supplementation questionnaire) and estimates of energy expenditure as well as blood and urine biomarkers of dietary intakes in 1,140 healthy elderly subjects (65-79 years) at baseline of the NU-AGE intervention study (NCT01754012, clinicaltrials...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Isabela Solar, Larissa Ariel Oliveira Santos, Luciana Miyuki Yamashita, Jacqueline S Barret, Cristiane Kibune Nagasako, Ciro Garcia Montes, Marcela Lanzoni Louzada, Marcela Silva Calsa, Ana Carolina Junqueira Vasques
This study investigated the association between fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) intake, problematic foods, body adiposity, and gastrointestinal symptoms in 44 women with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Around 84% reported to have excluded some food from their diet. Adiposity was not associated with the frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and IBS severity. Controlling for BMI, there were significant correlations between number of problematic foods versus waist circumference (r = 0...
October 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Huong Trinh Thi, Michel Simioni, Christine Thomas-Agnan
Vietnam is undergoing a nutritional transition like many middle-income countries. This transition is characterized by an increase in per capita total calorie intake resulting from an increase in the consumption of fat and protein while the carbohydrate consumption decreases. This paper proposes to highlight the sociodemographic drivers of this transition over the period 2004-2014, using Vietnam Household Living Standard Survey data. We implement a method of decomposition of between-year differences in economic outcomes recently proposed in the literature...
September 19, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
Julio Federico Camperio Ciani, Jorge Guerrel, Eric Baitchman, Rigoberto Diaz, Matthew Evans, Roberto Ibáñez, Heidi Ross, Eric Klaphake, Bradley Nissen, Allan P Pessier, Michael L Power, Caitlin Arlotta, Donna Snellgrove, Brad Wilson, Brian Gratwicke
Spindly Leg Syndrome (SLS) is a persistent animal welfare issue associated with the rearing of amphibians in captivity. We conducted two experiments to investigate the effects of diet, water composition and overfeeding on prevalence of SLS in newly metamorphosed harlequin frogs (Atelopus spp.). In our first experiment, we offered 400 full-sibling tadpoles of Atelopus certus isocaloric diets in treatments of 31%, 37%, 42% and 48% crude protein respectively. Tadpoles fed higher protein diets metamorphosed faster, but the incidence of SLS exceeded 80% in all treatments leading to the conclusion that variation in dietary protein was not responsible for causing SLS...
2018: PloS One
Tara Rendo-Urteaga, Augusto César Ferreira de Moraes, Francisco Leonardo Torres-Leal, Yannis Manios, Frederic Gottand, Michael Sjöström, Anthony Kafatos, Kurt Widhalm, Stefaan De Henauw, Dénes Molnár, Ascensión Marcos, Marcela González-Gross, Marika Ferrari, Heráclito B Carvalho, Luis A Moreno
Background Adolescents having early puberty (EP) are more likely to have obesity and increased cardiometabolic and inflammatory markers and atherosclerosis risk. We aimed to assess the indirect and mediated effects of leptin and adiposity on the relation between EP and cardiometabolic and inflammatory markers in European adolescents. Methods A sample of 511 adolescents with EP (12.5-17.5 years) from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) cross-sectional study was studied. To assess whether leptin levels and adiposity mediate the relation between EP and several biomarkers, linear regression models for mediation analyses were performed...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
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