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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30552817/inflammatory-response-under-zinc-deficiency-is-exacerbated-by-dysfunction-of-the-th2-lymphocyte-m2-macrophage-pathway
#1
Takamasa Kido, Kenji Ishiwata, Machi Suka, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa
Nutritional zinc deficiency leads to immune dysfunction and aggravates inflammation. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. In this study, the relationship between macrophage subtypes (M1 and M2) or helper T lymphocytes (Th1 and Th2) were investigated using the spleen from rats fed zinc-deficient or standard diet. In experiment I, five-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed zinc-deficient diet (without zinc additives) or standard diet (containing 0.01% zinc) for 6 weeks. In experiment II, the rats were divided into four groups: one group was fed a standard diet for 6 weeks; two groups were fed zinc-deficient diet and were injected three times a week with either saline or interleukin (IL)-4 (zinc-deficient/IL-4 i...
December 15, 2018: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30552769/feasibility-study-on-direct-fermentation-of-soybean-meal-by-bacillus-stearothermophilus-under-non-sterile-conditions
#2
Ping Wu, Yiting Guo, Moses Kwaku Golly, Haile Ma, Ronghai He, Shilong Luo, Cheng Zhang, Liuping Zhang, Jinhua Zhu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility of high-temperature solid-state fermentation using soybean meal (SBM) during the non-sterile process, Bacillus stearothermophilus was employed to assess the nutritional quality and bioactivity of SBM after fermentation. RESULTS: The fermented SBM (FSBM) without autoclaving showed significant improvements in nutritional quality and bioactivity. The contents of peptides and, crude and soluble proteins increased by 131.21%, 5...
December 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30552735/effects-of-isoquinoline-alkaloids-from-macleaya-cordata-on-physiological-immunological-and-inflammatory-parameters-in-healthy-beagles-alkaloids-in-dog-nutrition
#3
B Faehnrich, A Pastor, C Heide, S Kröger, J Zentek
The aim of the study was to investigate nutritional, physiological and immunological effects of a plant-derived blend of isoquinoline alkaloids (Sangrovit® Extra) in healthy dogs. Two groups of healthy, adult beagles (N = 10) were tested in a cross-over experiment, lasting two consecutive three-week periods. The experimental group received 1.2 g additive/kg feed, according to the recommendation of 10-20 mg/kg live weight per day. The control group received the same feed without additive. Complete blood count, immunological parameters and amino acid concentrations in serum were assessed...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551845/candida-albicans
#4
Duncan Wilson
Pathogens often face zinc restriction due to the action of nutritional immunity - host processes which restrict microbial access to key micronutrients such as zinc and iron. Candida albicans scavenges environmental zinc via two pathways. The plasma membrane transporter Zrt2 is essential for zinc uptake and growth in acidic environments. Neutralisation to pH 7 severely decreases the solubility of ionic Zn2+ ; this increase in pH triggers expression and activity of a second zinc scavenging system, the zincophore...
December 11, 2018: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551704/feather-and-skin-development-of-ostriches-struthio-camelus
#5
Tertius S Brand, Werné J Kritzinger, Daniel A Van der Merwe, Anieka Muller, Louw C Hoffman, Gert J Niemann
Information on feather and skin growth is important for the development of mathematical optimisation nutritional models for ostriches. Ostriches (n = 65) were subjected to a four-stage formulated growth diet programme (pre-starter, starter, grower and finisher), with declining protein and energy content. Nine birds were weighed, stunned, exsanguinated, defeathered, skinned and eviscerated at 1, 54, 84, 104, 115, 132 and 287 days of age. Feathers from four pre-selected locations on the body were harvested and weighed...
December 5, 2018: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551119/why-do-current-strategies-for-optimal-nutritional-therapy-neglect-the-microbiome
#6
Stephen A McClave, Robert G Martindale
Strategies for providing optimal nutritional therapy have evolved over time, with the emphasis on specific directives (such as route, use of immunonutrition, high protein, organ-specific formulas, etc.), achieving variable degrees of success for improving outcomes in the intensive care unit. As the largest immune organ in the body comprising the largest interface between the host and the external environment, the gut can have an amplifying effect on a pattern of dysbiosis, immune dysregulation, and multiple organ failure seen in the critically ill patient...
October 5, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550036/-fsgs-collapsing-variant-during-anabolic-steroid-abuse-case-report
#7
Marta Flachi, Viola Menghi, Maria Rita Moschella, Paola De Giovanni, Marcello Montevecchi, Davide Cerretani, Daniela Grimaldi, Olga Baraldi, Benedetta Fabbrizio, Gaetano La Manna, Angelo Rigotti
Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS) is an hormone family whose use has considerably increased among body-builders during the last decades. The AAS abuse, especially associated with other drugs or nutritional supplements and protein loads, may cause a variety of pathologies to several organs with a mechanism related to dosage, timing and substance. The kidney is the main metabolizer of these drugs and it can be acutely or chronically damaged with ESKD. The literature reports some cases of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in body-builders who abused of AAS...
December 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30549200/climate-change-impact-and-adaptation-for-wheat-protein
#8
Senthold Asseng, Pierre Martre, Andrea Maiorano, Reimund P Rötter, Garry J O'Leary, Glenn J Fitzgerald, Christine Girousse, Rosella Motzo, Francesco Giunta, M Ali Babar, Matthew P Reynolds, Ahmed M S Kheir, Peter J Thorburn, Katharina Waha, Alex C Ruane, Pramod K Aggarwal, Mukhtar Ahmed, Juraj Balkovič, Bruno Basso, Christian Biernath, Marco Bindi, Davide Cammarano, Andrew J Challinor, Giacomo De Sanctis, Benjamin Dumont, Ehsan Eyshi Rezaei, Elias Fereres, Roberto Ferrise, Margarita Garcia-Vila, Sebastian Gayler, Yujing Gao, Heidi Horan, Gerrit Hoogenboom, R César Izaurralde, Mohamed Jabloun, Curtis D Jones, Belay T Kassie, Kurt-Christian Kersebaum, Christian Klein, Ann-Kristin Koehler, Bing Liu, Sara Minoli, Manuel Montesino San Martin, Christoph Müller, Soora Naresh Kumar, Claas Nendel, Jørgen Eivind Olesen, Taru Palosuo, John R Porter, Eckart Priesack, Dominique Ripoche, Mikhail A Semenov, Claudio Stöckle, Pierre Stratonovitch, Thilo Streck, Iwan Supit, Fulu Tao, Marijn Van der Velde, Daniel Wallach, Enli Wang, Heidi Webber, Joost Wolf, Liujun Xiao, Zhao Zhang, Zhigan Zhao, Yan Zhu, Frank Ewert
Wheat grain protein concentration is an important determinant of wheat quality for human nutrition that is often overlooked in efforts to improve crop production. We tested and applied a 32-multi-model ensemble to simulate global wheat yield and quality in a changing climate. Potential benefits of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration by 2050 on global wheat grain and protein yield are likely to be negated by impacts from rising temperature and changes in rainfall, but with considerable disparities between regions...
January 2019: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548993/peripheral-fat-distribution-versus-waist-circumference-in-metabolic-syndrome-for-predicting-mortality
#9
Chen-Jung Wu, Tung-Wei Kao, Yuan-Yuei Chen, Hui-Fang Yang, Wei-Liang Chen
Objective To elucidate whether the PF-combined definition of metabolic syndrome (MetS) would show a better predictive ability for cause-specific mortality than the common MetS. Methods The data were derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 through 2002. We investigated three types of MetS including WCMetS, PFMetS, and PF-combined definition MetS. The main outcome was to evaluate the predictive ability of the newly defined MetS for time to cause-specific mortality. The secondary outcomes were the relationships between the PF percentage and C-reactive protein (CRP) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) to clarify the gender discrepancy...
December 13, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548612/enzymatic-assisted-development-of-biofunctional-polyphenol-enriched-buckwheat-protein-physicochemical-property-in-vitro-digestibility-and-antioxidant-activity
#10
Xiao-Wei Chen, Ya-Jun Chen, Jin-Yu Li, Yong-Hui Wang, Xiao-Quan Yang
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, buckwheat is reported to have biological activities and functional properties. The present study investigated the high-polyphenol buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) protein prepared by dual-enzymatic hydrolysis assisting and its physicochemical property, in vitro digestibility and antioxidant activity. RESULTS: Results showed that the polyphenols of the buckwheat protein (E-BWP) from a synergistic enzymatic action of 1.08U/mg α-amylase and 1...
December 12, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548426/pi3k-akt-foxo1-pathway-targeted-by-skeletal-muscle-microrna-to-suppress-proteolytic-gene-expression-in-response-to-carbohydrate-intake-during-aerobic-exercise
#11
Lee M Margolis, Claire E Berryman, Nancy E Murphy, Christopher T Carrigan, Andrew J Young, John W Carbone, Stefan M Pasiakos
Ingesting protein and carbohydrate together during aerobic exercise suppresses the expression of specific skeletal muscle microRNA and promotes muscle hypertrophy. Determining whether there are independent effects of carbohydrate and protein on microRNA will allow for a clearer understanding of the mechanistic role microRNA serve in regulating skeletal muscle protein synthetic and proteolytic responses to nutrition and exercise. This study determined skeletal muscle microRNA responses to aerobic exercise with or without carbohydrate, and recovery whey protein (WP)...
December 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547663/-critically-ill-patient-enteral-nutrition-in-the-21st-century
#12
Sergio Ruiz Santana
In order to make estimations on the evolution and near future of enteral nutrition in critically ill adult patients, we have revised the current clinical practices based on the latest guidelines for the provision and assessment of enteral nutrition support therapy. Once revised the suggested guideline recommendations we proceed to discuss the major recently published studies concerning these guidelines. Finally, we commented on several uncertainty areas highlighting priorities for clinical research in the near future...
April 3, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547660/-innovation-in-the-incorporation-of-macronutrients-to-enteral-nutrition-formulas
#13
Ángel Gil Hernández
Enteral nutrition consists of the administration of chemically defined nutrients which are partially or fully metabolised in the intestinal tract, by the oral route or through a tube, to get an adequate and efficient nutritional supply. Enteral nutrition is the first option when one needs artificial nutrition, keeping parenteral nutrition only for those cases for which enteral nutrition would be insufficient or impossible. Enteral nutrition formulas are classified according to their composition with complete or uncompleted supply of nutrients, administration route, and protein content, energy density and type and content of fibre, and in second term according to general or special purposes utilization...
April 3, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30546973/relationship-between-thyroid-hormone-levels-and-mean-platelet-count-and-volume-quantitative-assessment
#14
Sardar H Ijaz, Shakeel M Jamal, Rehan Qayyum
Background The hormones of the hypophysis-thyroid axis (HTA), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) and 3, 3', 5-L-triiodothyronine (T3), modulate the metabolism, differentiation, and proliferation of almost every cell in the body. Several studies have examined the effect of HTA hormones on platelet count and mean platelet volume (MPV), but have reported inconsistent results. Our aim was to examine the association between HTA hormones and platelet count and MPV in a large cohort of the adult population of the United States...
October 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545247/impact-of-an-energy-and-nutrient-reduced-diet-containing-10-lignocellulose-on-animal-performance-body-composition-and-egg-quality-of-dual-purpose-laying-hens
#15
Ilen Röhe, Julia Urban, Albert Dijkslag, Jan Te Paske, Jürgen Zentek
In response to ethical concerns regarding the killing of day-old male chicks of layer breeds, the use of dual purpose chickens is increasingly discussed in public while data on nutritional requirements of dual purpose laying hens are not available. The present study examined the impact of an energy- and nutrient-reduced diet containing lignocellulose on performance, body composition and egg quality of dual purpose hens. Female Lohmann Dual chicks were allocated to 12 pens and fed two different diets for 52 weeks: a control (CON) and a treatment diet (LC), based on CON but diluted with 10% lignocellulose...
December 14, 2018: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545233/-critically-ill-patient-enteral-nutrition-in-the-21st-century
#16
Sergio Ruiz Santana
In order to make estimations on the evolution and near future of enteral nutrition in critically ill adult patients, we have revised the current clinical practices based on the latest guidelines for the provision and assessment of enteral nutrition support therapy. Once revised the suggested guideline recommendations we proceed to discuss the major recently published studies concerning these guidelines. Finally, we commented on several uncertainty areas highlighting priorities for clinical research in the near future...
April 3, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545230/-innovation-in-the-incorporation-of-macronutrients-to-enteral-nutrition-formulas
#17
Ángel Gil Hernández
Enteral nutrition consists of the administration of chemically defined nutrients which are partially or fully metabolised in the intestinal tract, by the oral route or through a tube, to get an adequate and efficient nutritional supply. Enteral nutrition is the first option when one needs artificial nutrition, keeping parenteral nutrition only for those cases for which enteral nutrition would be insufficient or impossible. Enteral nutrition formulas are classified according to their composition with complete or uncompleted supply of nutrients, administration route, and protein content, energy density and type and content of fibre, and in second term according to general or special purposes utilization...
April 3, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545125/effectiveness-of-the-nutritional-app-mynutricart-on-food-choices-related-to-purchase-and-dietary-behavior-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Cristina Palacios, Michelle Torres, Desiree López, Maria A Trak-Fellermeier, Catherine Coccia, Cynthia M Pérez
OBJECTIVE: To pilot test the effectiveness of "MyNutriCart", a smartphone application (app) that generates healthy grocery lists, on diet and weight. METHODS: A pilot randomized trial was conducted to test the efficacy of using the "MyNutriCart" app compared to one face-to-face counseling session (Traditional group) in Hispanic overweight and obese adults. Household food purchasing behavior, three 24-h food recalls, Tucker's semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and weight were assessed at baseline and after 8 weeks...
December 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545104/cryptic-diversity-in-colombian-edible-leaf-cutting-ants-hymenoptera-formicidae
#19
Pepijn W Kooij, Bryn M Dentinger, David A Donoso, Jonathan Z Shik, Ester Gaya
Leaf-cutting ants are often considered agricultural pests, but they can also benefit local people and serve important roles in ecosystems. Throughout their distribution, winged reproductive queens of leaf-cutting ants in the genus Atta Fabricius, 1804 are consumed as a protein-rich food source and sometimes used for medical purposes. Little is known, however, about the species identity of collected ants and the accuracy of identification when ants are sold, ambiguities that may impact the conservation status of Atta species as well as the nutritional value that they provide to consumers...
December 12, 2018: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30544913/evaluation-of-dietary-supplement-use-in-wheelchair-rugby-athletes
#20
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, David Legg, Jill A Parnell
Wheelchair rugby is a rapidly growing Paralympic sport; however, research remains predominantly in the realms of physiology and biomechanics. Currently, there is little investigation into nutrition and dietary supplement use among wheelchair rugby athletes (WRA). The aim of this study was to assess the types of dietary supplements (DS) used, the prevalence of usage, and the reasons for use among WRA. The secondary aim was to report utilized and preferred sources of nutritional information among this population...
December 11, 2018: Nutrients
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