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Nutrition lipid

Stephanie B Oliveira, Conrad R Cole
Medical management of children with Intestinal failure continues to evolve. The development of specialized teams focused on the management of these children has made the most significant impact in improving outcomes. Medical management strategies are centered on the provision of adequate fluid electrolytes and calories to allow for appropriate growth and neurological development. Enteral therapy and drugs are required to enhance bowel adaptation while parenteral nutrition is the main source of nutrients, electrolytes and fluid...
August 2018: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Kathleen M Gura, McGreggor Crowley
Intravenous lipid emulsions are an integral part of nutrition therapy in the intestinal failure patient. In addition to being a concentrated source of non-protein calories, they provide the essential fatty acids necessary for growth and development. Depending upon the oil source used in these products, complications such as intestinal failure associated liver disease (IFALD) can occur. This review will discuss the risks and benefits associated with these products, especially as they relate to the pediatric intestinal failure patient...
August 2018: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Zhaojun Zheng, Xubiao Wei, Tingting Shang, Yan Huang, Cong Hu, Rijun Zhang
BACKGROUND: As the protein-laden by-product, red blood cells (RBCs) from poultry blood is a potential source of protein used as food and feed ingredient. However, RBC was currently underutilized. Therefore, it is an urgent need to develop feasible and cost-effective methods for converting poultry waste into nutritional and functional products. RESULTS: To take full advantage of this poultry waste, peptide hydrolysate was produced by deep controllable bioconversion of RBC, by means of synergistic combination of neutrase and flavourzyme...
October 20, 2018: BMC Biotechnology
Yu Wang, Hongjing Zhao, Dongxue Fei, Yizhi Shao, Juanjuan Liu, Guangshun Jiang, Mingwei Xing
Different distributions of 28 elements and 17 amino acids in pectoralis, wing biceps brachii and leg gastrocnemius of chicken upon CuSO4 (300 mg/kg) exposure for 90 days were investigated. Accompanied by copper accumulation, pathological injuries were observed in those three kinds of skeletal muscles using histological and ultrastructural methods. Based on data obtained, we analyzed leg gastrocnemius displayed the most increases (P < 0.000) in all three kinds of elements detected, including macroelements (131%), essential microelements (129%) and toxic microelements (179%) than the other two skeletal muscles...
October 17, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Daiana A De Souza, Osman Kaftanoglu, David De Jong, Robert E Page, Gro V Amdam, Ying Wang
The effect of larval nutrition on female fertility in honey bees is a focus of both for scientific studies and for practical applications in beekeeping. In general, morphological traits are standards for classifying queens and workers and for evaluating their quality. In recent years, in vitro rearing techniques have been improved and used in many studies; they can produce queen-like and worker-like bees. Here, we questioned whether queens and workers reared in vitro are the same as queens and workers reared in a natural hive environment...
October 19, 2018: Biology Open
Babar Shahzad, Mohsin Tanveer, Abdul Rehman, Sardar Alam Cheema, Shah Fahad, Shamsur Rehman, Anket Sharma
Nickel (Ni) is becoming a toxic pollutant in agricultural environments. Due to its diverse uses from a range of common household items to industrial applications, it is essential to examine Ni bioavailability in soil and plants. Ni occurs in the environment (soil, water and air) in very small concentrations and eventually taken up by plants through roots once it becomes available in soil. It is an essential nutrient for normal plant growth and development and required for the activation of several enzymes such as urease, and glyoxalase-I...
October 13, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Jun-Wei Lim, Siti-Nuraini Mohd-Noor, Chung-Yiin Wong, Man-Kee Lam, Pei-Sean Goh, J J A Beniers, Wen-Da Oh, Khairulazhar Jumbri, Noraini Abd Ghani
The black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) have been widely extolled for the application in managing various solid organic wastes. Owing to the saprophagous nature of BSFL, a rapid valorization of solid organic wastes can be accomplished with the simultaneous production of valuable biochemical compounds derived from larval biomass. In the present works, the mixed waste coconut endosperm (w-CE) and soybean curd residue (SC-r) substrates with increasing protein nutritional constituent were administered to BSFL. The correlations between protein from larval feed substrates and nutritional profiles of BSFL biomasses were ultimately unveiled...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Yufeng Wang, Xiaojie Ren, Jiangjuan Shao, Jinxia Jia, Baohua Li
Umbilicaria esculenta possesses nutritional properties, such as antioxidant, antithrombotic and lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity. The immune effects of its polysaccharide (Umbilicaria esculenta polysaccharide, UEP) on murine macrophages RAW264.7 were investigated for the first time. UEP promoted their proliferation and phagocytic activity obviously. At the concentration of 600 μg mL-1 , UEP stimulated their proliferation and phagocytosis to 1.4 and 2.5 times, respectively, as compared with the negative group...
October 16, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Jian Zhang, Shengjie Tan, Ai Zhao, Meichen Wang, Peiyu Wang, Yumei Zhang
AIM: To investigate the association between patterns of nutrient intake and serum lipids in Chinese women aged 18-80 years. METHODS: In the present study, cross-sectional data were analysed from 2886 female participants aged 18-80 years from the China Health and Nutrition Survey wave 2009. Nutrient patterns were identified using factor analysis combined with cluster analysis based on the data of nutrient intake for three consecutive days. Multivariate linear regression models were used to estimate the association of nutrient patterns with serum lipids...
October 19, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
Jie-Hua Chen, Xu Lin, Cuihong Bu, Xuguang Zhang
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), a group of compounds that are formed by non-enzymatic reactions between carbonyl groups of reducing sugars and free amino groups of proteins, lipids or nucleic acids, can be obtained exogenously from diet or formed endogenously within the body. AGEs accumulate intracellularly and extracellularly in all tissues and body fluids and can cross-link with other proteins and thus affect their normal functions. Furthermore, AGEs can interact with specific cell surface receptors and hence alter cell intracellular signaling, gene expression, the production of reactive oxygen species and the activation of several inflammatory pathways...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
Junhui Xie, Shuhong Hu
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (LDL-C) always underestimates the true cholesterol burden in diabetic patients. We aimed to explore the impact of the inclusion of apolipoprotein B (apoB) or non-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (non-HDL-C), which are alternative markers of LDL-related risk, results in a better classification of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)-defined diabetic patients into different dyslipidemic phenotypes.We used data from the nationwide China Health and Nutrition Survey 2009 in which standardized HbA1c was measured...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tihana Žugčić, Radhia Abdelkebir, Francisco J Barba, Anet Rezek-Jambrak, Fernando Gálvez, Sol Zamuz, Daniel Granato, José M Lorenzo
Physicochemical parameters (pH, colour and texture), proximate composition (moisture, protein, lipid and ash content), amino acid content, and taste profile of beef patties elaborated with soy (control), pulses (pea, lentil and bean) and microalgal ( Chlorella and Spirulina ) proteins were assessed. The pH, colour, ash content, total, essential and non-essential amino acids and amino acid content were significantly different among the beef patties studied. In this regard, beef patties prepared with pea protein presented the highest values for pH; whereas beef patties manufactured with pea also showed the highest values for lightness and patties elaborated with bean the highest values for redness...
November 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Mariusz Szymczak, Katarzyna Felisiak, Barbara Szymczak
Brines after herring marinating pose a serious financial problem to the industry and natural environment. Paradoxically, the brine waste containing biological active compounds like proteases and peptides being responsible for marinade quality is discarded with sewage. Results show that the reuse of brine without filtration is not possible because of increase in the bacterial count and lipid oxidation in marinated herring. The desired parameters of marinades were achieved using brine permeate-50 µm free of the suspension and lipids...
November 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Ebba Brakenhielm, Kari Alitalo
The lymphatic vasculature, which accompanies the blood vasculature in most organs, is indispensable in the maintenance of tissue fluid homeostasis, immune cell trafficking, and nutritional lipid uptake and transport, as well as in reverse cholesterol transport. In this Review, we discuss the physiological role of the lymphatic system in the heart in the maintenance of cardiac health and describe alterations in lymphatic structure and function that occur in cardiovascular pathology, including atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction...
October 17, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
Zeng Wang, Yunsong Peng, Xinjun Cai, Yingying Cao, Guonong Yang, Ping Huang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Abdominal surgery significantly affects the structure and function of the gastrointestinal system of patients, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is an important nutrition support method for postoperative patients. However, in the process of TPN practice, the excessive fat emulsion and compound amino-acid prescriptions ratio are often prescribed by doctors. To address the problem, we developed the computerized TPN prescription management system to promote the personalized provision of TPN...
October 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Valeria Di Onofrio, Francesca Gallé, Mirella Di Dio, Patrizia Belfiore, Giorgio Liguori
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with a prion diminished quality of life, especially due to the severe complications that it implicates. Changing dietary habits is an absolute priority, as well as implementing nutritional motivational programs. The aim of this study was to verify the effectiveness of a nutritional intervention in improving the health of patients affected by T2D. METHODS: A total of 69 patients participated in a nine-months motivational program focused on the principles of the Mediterranean diet, the classes of nutrients, the distribution of the meals during the day and the dietary choices...
October 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
Debora Collotta, Laura Lucarini, Fausto Chiazza, Alessia Sofia Cento, Mariaconcetta Durante, Silvia Sgambellone, Jacopo Chini, Francesca Baratta, Manuela Aragno, Raffaella Mastrocola, Emanuela Masini, Massimo Collino
Background: D-tagatose is an isomer of fructose and is ~90% as sweet as sucrose with less caloric value. Nowadays, D-tagatose is used as a nutritive or low-calorie sweetener. Despite clinical findings suggesting that D-tagatose could be beneficial in subjects with type 2 diabetes, there are no experimental data comparing D-tagatose with fructose, in terms of metabolic derangements and related molecular mechanisms evoked by chronic exposure to these two monosaccharides. Materials and methods: C57Bl/6j mice were fed with a control diet plus water (CD), a control diet plus 30% fructose syrup (L-Fr), a 30% fructose solid diet plus water (S-Fr), a control diet plus 30% D-tagatose syrup (L-Tg), or a 30% D-tagatose solid diet plus water (S-Tg), during 24 weeks...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Cindy Romain, Antonio Piemontese, Simone Battista, Franco Bernini, Alice Ossoli, Arianna Strazzella, Sylvie Gaillet, Jean-Max Rouanet, Julien Cases, Ilaria Zanotti
The development of nutraceutical ingredients has risen as a nutritional solution for health prevention. This study evaluated the effects of Oleactiv® , an ingredient developed for the prevention of atherogenesis, in hypercholesterolemic hamsters. Oleactiv® is a polyphenol-rich ingredient obtained from artichoke, olive and grape extracts as part of fruit and vegetables commonly consumed within the Mediterranean diet. A total of 21 Golden Syrian hamsters were divided into three groups. The standard group (STD) was fed a normolipidemic diet for 12 weeks, while the control group (CTRL) and Oleactiv® goup (OLE) were fed a high-fat diet...
October 15, 2018: Nutrients
Sara Moukarzel, Roger A Dyer, Cyrielle Garcia, Alejandra M Wiedeman, Guilaine Boyce, Joanne Weinberg, Bernd O Keller, Rajavel Elango, Sheila M Innis
Human milk contains nutritional, immunoprotective and developmental components that support optimal infant growth and development. The milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) is one unique component, comprised of a tri-layer of polar lipids, glycolipids, and proteins, that may be important for brain development. MFGM is not present in most infant formulas. We tested the effects of bovine MFGM supplementation on reflex development and on brain lipid and metabolite composition in rats using the "pup in a cup" model...
October 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
M V Rohit, S Venkata Mohan
Microalgae are gaining commercial interests in the areas food, feed and biofuel sector. They have intrinsic ability to harness energy from sunlight and photosynthetically valorize CO2 into various bio-based products viz., triacylglycerols (TAGs), mono/poly-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFA, PUFA), pigments etc. Microalgae have adapted to grow in various nutritional environments due to their metabolic versatility and resilience. Strategic evaluation of newly isolated strain Chlorella sp. from a residential lake was performed...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
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