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Food Industries

Amy L Skibiel, Bethany Dado-Senn, Thiago F Fabris, Geoffrey E Dahl, Jimena Laporta
Earth's rising temperature has substantial repercussions for food-producing animals by increasing morbidity and mortality, diminishing reproductive potential, and reducing productivity. In the dairy industry this equates to massive losses in milk yield, which occur when cows are exposed to heat stress during lactation or during the non-lactating period between lactations (i.e. dry period). Furthermore, milk yield is significantly lower in first-lactation heifers that experienced fetal heat stress. The mechanisms underlying intrauterine effects of heat stress on the offspring's future lactation have yet to be fully elucidated...
2018: PloS One
Umakanta Sarker, Shinya Oba
BACKGROUND: Amaranthus tricolor is a unique source of betalain (β-cyanin and β-xanthin) and a source of natural antioxidants, such as leaf pigments, vitamins, polyphenols, and flavonoids in leafy vegetables. It has substantial importance for food industry, since these compounds detoxify ROS in humans and are involved in defense against several diseases. In addition, previous research has shown that salt stress elevates these compounds in many leafy vegetables. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of salinity stress on these compounds...
October 16, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Fug Akogou, T S Canoy, App Kayode, Hmw den Besten, A R Linnemann, V Fogliano
BACKGROUND: The "clean label" trend is pushing the food industry to replace synthetic colorants by plant-based colorants. However, technological efficacy and undesirable side effects restrict the use of plant-based colorants in industrial applications. This research studied the production of fermented maize dough coloured by apigeninidin-rich red sorghum biocolorant, as practiced for centuries in West Africa, as a model to assess the impact of the biocolorant on nutritional and sensorial quality of foods...
October 16, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Adekemi Titilayo Adesulu-Dahunsi, Kumaraswamy Jeyaram, Abiodun Isiaka Sanni, Kolawole Banwo
Lactobacillus plantarum YO175 and OF101 isolates from Nigerian traditional fermented cereal gruel ' ogi' , were investigated on the basis of their capability to produce exopolysaccharide (EPS) on sucrose modified deMan Rogosa Sharpe medium (mMRS). Functional groups analysis of the EPSs produced (EPS-YO175 and EPS-OF101) by Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy revealed the presence of -OH, C=O and C-H groups. The chemical composition of EPS-YO175 and EPS-OF101 showed the presence of 87.1% and 80.62% carbohydrates and 1...
2018: PeerJ
Yao Wang, Yuxuan Qin, Qing Xie, Ying Zhang, Jinrong Hu, Pinglan Li
Bacteriocins are ribosomally synthesized peptides or proteins possessing antibacterial activity against foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria. A novel bacteriocin, plantaricin LPL-1 was determined as a class IIa bacteriocin according to the YGNGV motif, and producer strain Lactobacillus plantarum LPL-1 was identified based on physio-biochemical characteristics and 16S rDNA sequence. The novel bacteriocin, plantaricin LPL-1 was purified by salt precipitation, cation exchange, gel filtration, and reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Huixian Tong, Juxiang Liu, Xiaohui Yao, Haiyan Jia, Jianchao Wei, Donghua Shao, Ke Liu, Yafeng Qiu, Zhiyong Ma, Beibei Li
The mcr-1 gene is a plasmid-borne and globally distributed colistin-resistance gene, which threatens the last-line role of colistin in treatment of infections caused by multi-drug resistant(MDR) Gram-negative bacteria in humans. The aim of this study was to obtain a comprehensive understanding of mcr-1 prevalence in the pig industry in China. A total of 600 faecal samples were collected from 60 swine farms in 18 provinces of China. Faecal DNA was extracted and subjected to PCR screening to detect the presence of mcr-1...
November 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Yukun Huang, Lei Mei, Xianggui Chen, Qin Wang
The increasing demand for high food quality and safety, and concerns of environment sustainable development have been encouraging researchers in the food industry to exploit the robust and green biodegradable nanocomposites, which provide new opportunities and challenges for the development of nanomaterials in the food industry. This review paper aims at summarizing the recent three years of research findings on the new development of nanomaterials for food packaging. Two categories of nanomaterials (i.e., inorganic and organic) are included...
October 13, 2018: Nanomaterials
Bruno Garcia Montagnini, Karine Vandressa Pernoncine, Lorena Ireno Borges, Nathalia Orlandini Costa, Estefânia Gastadello Moreira, Janete Aparecida Anselmo-Franci, Ana Carolina Inhasz Kiss, Daniela Cristina Ceccatto Gerardin
Triclosan (TCS) is a phenolic compound with antimicrobial action widely used in cosmetics and other personal care products and other industry segments. Its widespread use over the decades has made TCS one of the most commonly detected compounds in wastewater and effluent worldwide already being found in human urine, plasma and milk. In this study, the (anti)estrogenicity of TCS was evaluated in the uterotrophic assay in 18-day old female Wistar rats. In a second protocol, female rats were evaluated for the reproductive effects of TCS in a two-generation reproduction toxicity study...
October 12, 2018: Toxicology
Styliani Avraamidou, Aaron Milhorn, Owais Sarwar, Efstratios N Pistikopoulos
While the importance of the Food-Energy-Water Nexus (FEW-N) has been widely accepted, a holistic approach to facilitate decision making in FEW-N systems, along with a quantitative index assessing the integrated FEW-N performance is rather lacking. In this work, we propose a FEW-N metric along with a framework to facilitate decision making for FEW-N process systems through a FEW-N integrated approach. The framework and metric are illustrated through a case study on a dairy production and processing plant. The dairy industry is a significant user of water and energy, with water being a top issue for most dairy industries and organizations worldwide...
2018: ESCAPE
Katharina Waldbauer, Günter Seiringer, Christina Sykora, Verena M Dirsch, Martin Zehl, Brigitte Kopp
Pomace, the press residue from different fruits accumulating as waste product in food industry, contains high amounts of secondary metabolites that could be utilized for health-related applications. This study aims at evaluating the potential of pomaces of apricot, bilberry, and elderberry to serve as a source for endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-activating compounds. Five extracts obtained from the lyophilized pomace of apricot and elderberry with solvents of different polarity were found to enhance A23187-stimulated eNOS activity when tested at 50 μg/mL in an [14 C]-l-arginine to [14 C]-l-citrulline conversion assay in the human endothelium-derived cell line EA...
September 30, 2018: ACS Omega
Monika Kordowska-Wiater, Urszula Lisiecka, Krzysztof Kostro
Arabitol is used in the food industry as a low-calorie sweetener. It is produced by yeasts during the biotransformation process of l-arabinose. Genome shuffling was performed in Candida parapsilosis DSM 70125, an efficient producer of arabitol, to obtain fusants with improved arabitol production ability. Four mutants from the parental library were used for the first round of genome shuffling. The best fusants, GSI-1 and GSI-10A, were subjected to a second round of genome shuffling. Finally, two fusants, GSII-3 and GSII-16, produced concentrations of arabitol that were 50% higher than that of the wild-type strain during selection culture...
October 2018: Food Science and Biotechnology
Alex Fiori Silva, Anabela Borges, Efstathios Giaouris, Jane Martha Graton Mikcha, Manuel Simões
Foodborne microbial diseases are still considered a growing public health problem worldwide despite the global continuous efforts to ensure food safety. The traditional chemical and thermal-based procedures applied for microbial growth control in the food industry can change the food matrix and lead to antimicrobial resistance. Moreover, currently applied disinfectants have limited efficiency against biofilms. Therefore, antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has become a novel alternative for controlling foodborne pathogenic bacteria in both planktonic and sessile states...
October 14, 2018: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
Jessica J Learey, Shona Crawford-Clark, Benjamin J Bowen, Colin J Barrow, Jacqui L Adcock
The detection of biogenic amines is of significant interest to the food industry, as they can be used as indicators of food spoilage and they are potentially toxic. Because of their importance, there is a need for automated methods suitable for industry use that can detect a wide range of biogenic amines at sufficient levels for food analysis. In this work, optimised conditions for the automated determination of biogenic amines (histamine, putrescine, cadaverine, spermine, spermidine, tyramine and tryptamine) derivatised with dansyl chloride are presented...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
Aaydha C Vinayaka, Tien A Ngo, Krishna Kant, Pia Engelsmann, Vivek P Dave, Mohammad-Ali Shahbazi, Anders Wolff, Dang D Bang
Foodborne salmonellosis remains a major economic burden worldwide and particularly for food industries. The diverse and complexity of food matrices pose great challenges for rapid and ultra-sensitive detection of Salmonella in food samples. In this study, combination of pathogen pre-concentration with rapid molecular identification is presented to overcome these challenges. This combination enabled effective real-time PCR detection of low levels of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium without culture enrichment...
September 26, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Yabing Wei, Qian Zhao, Qiangqiang Wu, Hui Zhang, Weibao Kong, Junyu Liang, Jian Yao, Ji Zhang, Junlong Wang
Exploring new solvents or catalysts has great prospect for the derivatization of poorly soluble natural polysaccharides as bio-resources which were extracted from food or industrial waste residue, as compared to traditional reaction system. In this work, selenized Artemisia sphaerocephala polysaccharide (SePAS) was synthesized by using imidazolium-based acidic ionic liquids (AILs) as catalyst. The results showed the highest Se content increased to 20438 μg/g compared to conventional method (1703 μg/g), indicating AILs could enhance selenylation reactivity and Se content was controlled by the acidity due to the protonation effect of H2 SeO3 by AILs...
January 1, 2019: Carbohydrate Polymers
A Halmemies-Beauchet-Filleau, M Rinne, M Lamminen, C Mapato, T Ampapon, M Wanapat, A Vanhatalo
Ruminant-based food production faces currently multiple challenges such as environmental emissions, climate change and accelerating food-feed-fuel competition for arable land. Therefore, more sustainable feed production is needed together with the exploitation of novel resources. In addition to numerous food industry (milling, sugar, starch, alcohol or plant oil) side streams already in use, new ones such as vegetable and fruit residues are explored, but their conservation is challenging and production often seasonal...
October 15, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Tania Paul, Abhijit Mondal, Tarun Kanti Bandyopadhyay
BACKGROUND: L-ASNase (L-asparagine aminohydrolase EC is used for the conversion of L-asparagine to L-aspartic acid and ammonia and also it was found as an agent of chemotherapeutic property. It is known as an anti-cancer agent and recently it has received an immense attention. The various microorganisms have ability to secrete the L-ASNase. It is famous world-wide as anti-tumour medicine for acute lymphoblastic leukemia and lymphosarcoma. L-ASNase helps in deamination of Asparagine and Glutamine...
October 12, 2018: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
Ankur Jaiswal, Arpit Verma, Pallavi Jaiswal
Environmental pollution has posed a major threat to flora as well as fauna for the past few decades. Industries release effluents into the environment which act as the major source of pollution. The hazardous effects of heavy metals released from these industries impact the soil and due to bioaccumulation of these compounds in the food chain, they ultimately result in a serious human health hazard. The concentration of metals like chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), titanium (Ti), cobalt (Co), and several others in plants as well as in aquatic animals is above permissible limits according to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) guidelines...
2018: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Ignacio Niizawa, Brenda Y Espinaco, Susana E Zorrilla, Guillermo A Sihufe
Nowadays, consumers are more conscious about healthier products consumption benefits. Astaxanthin obtained from the microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis represents a natural ingredient for the nutraceutical and functional food industries. It is claimed that astaxanthin has much stronger antioxidant activity than vitamin E and β-carotene, providing different health benefits. However, the unstable structure of the molecule limits its application in functional foods development. Therefore, the present study evaluates the effect of five independent formulation and process variables for natural astaxanthin oleoresin encapsulation using an external ionic gelation technique...
October 11, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Qiao Niu
Aluminum is a type of ubiquitously existing naturally and widely used metal in our world. It is combined with other elements and forms different compounds. In different pH and due to other conditions, it can be released into ions of different valence states. Our century is an "aluminum age"; aluminum is used in many fields of our daily life, such as vaccine adjuvant, antacids, food additives, skin care products, cosmetics, and cooking wares, and may be as elements or contaminants appeared in a lot of foods, including infant formulae, milk products, juice, wine, sea foods, and tea...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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