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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116363/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjunct-in-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-during-gynecological-laparoscopy
#1
Yurong Xue, Hui Yuan, Yongquan Chen
Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for abdominal surgery has been widely studied in clinical settings. However, dexmedetomidine as an adjunctive analgesic combined with TAP block has been rarely reported. The present study evaluated the efficacy of TAP block combined with dexmedetomidine adjunct for gynecological laparoscopy. In brief, 90 patients were randomly divided into three groups: Group I, which received post-operative intravenous analgesia only after general anesthesia; Group II, which received a TAP block with 20 ml 0...
August 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112435/data-on-preschool-children-s-math-patterning-and-spatial-knowledge
#2
Bethany Rittle-Johnson, Erica L Zippert, Katherine L Boice
Initial participants were 79 children who were recruited from six preschool programs in the U.S. Full assessment data was available for 73 children (average age of 4 years 7 months), including demographic data (gender, ethnicity, financial need, language(s) spoken at home and special education status). Children׳s math, repeating patterning, spatial and verbal skills were assessed at the beginning of the pre-kindergarten year. Assessments included the brief version of the Research-Based Early Mathematics Assessment, two measures of repeating patterning skills, three measures of spatial skills (the Block Design subtest of the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence , the Position in Space subtest of the Developmental Test of Visual Perceptio n, and a Corsi Block Tapping Task), the Picture Vocabulary Test from the NIH Toolbox app and a backward letter span task...
October 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111598/female-perception-of-copulatory-courtship-by-male-titillators-in-a-bushcricket
#3
Nadja C Wulff, Stefan Schöneich, Gerlind U C Lehmann
Males of the bushcricket Metrioptera roeselii bear paired titillators that are spiny genital structures supposedly functioning as copulatory courtship devices. During copulation, the male inserts its titillators into the female's genital chamber, where they rhythmically tap on the sensilla-covered dorsal surface of the genital fold. Here, we investigated the stimulatory function of male titillators during mating in M. roeselii Tracer backfills of presumptive mechanosensory sensilla at the female genital fold revealed a thick bundle of sensory axons entering the last unfused abdominal ganglion (AG-7)...
August 15, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111216/optimal-concentration-of-the-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-for-patients-of-advanced-age-undergoing-laparoscopic-rectal-cancer-surgery
#4
Ping-Chen, Qing-Song Lin, Xian-Zhong Lin
Objective The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block ameliorates visual analogue scale scores and decreases morphine requirements, but its role remains unclear. Patients of advanced age are susceptible to local anesthetic intoxication. We aimed to identify an optimal concentration that can be used in enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) without compromising analgesic efficacy. Methods In total, 120 patients aged ≥65 years undergoing laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery received general anesthesia combined with a TAP block using 0...
August 15, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104830/comparison-of-dermatomal-sensory-block-following-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-by-the-lateral-and-posterior-approaches-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Tomonori Furuya, Jitsu Kato, Yusuke Yamamoto, Noriya Hirose, Takahiro Suzuki
Background and Aims: Ultrasound (US)-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is used as a part of a multimodal analgesic regimen in the postoperative period. Lateral approach TAP block (LTAP) has been widely used for postoperative analgesia after lower abdominal surgeries. Posterior approach TAP block (PTAP), which is achieved by more posterior blockade of the anterior ramus of the spinal nerve, also provides profound postoperative analgesia after transverse lower abdominal incision...
April 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096490/the-effect-of-reward-on-listening-effort-as-reflected-by-the-pupil-dilation-response
#6
Thomas Koelewijn, Adriana A Zekveld, Thomas Lunner, Sophia E Kramer
Listening to speech in noise can be effortful but when motivated people seem to be more persevering. Previous research showed effects of monetary reward on autonomic responses like cardiovascular reactivity and pupil dilation while participants processed auditory information. The current study examined the effects of monetary reward on the processing of speech in noise and related listening effort as reflected by the pupil dilation response. Twenty-four participants (median age 21 yrs) performed two speech reception threshold (SRT) tasks, one tracking 50% correct (hard) and one tracking 85% correct (easy), both of which they listened to and repeated sentences uttered by a female talker...
July 27, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095242/executive-function-predicts-the-visuospatial-working-memory-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Zengjian Wang, Jin Jing, Kazue Igarashi, Lijun Fan, Siyuan Yang, YongMei Li, Yu Jin
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) always show working memory deficits. However, research findings on the factors that affected the working memory in ASD and ADHD were inconsistent. Thus, we developed the present study to investigate the association of executive function (EF) with the visuospatial working memory (VSWM) in ASD and ADHD. Three groups of participants were examined: 21 children with ASD, 28 children with ADHD and 28 typically developing (TD) children as the controls...
August 10, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093350/diminished-modulation-of-motor-cortical-reactivity-during-context-based-action-observation-in-schizophrenia
#8
Virupakshappa Irappa Bagewadi, Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta, Shalini S Naik, Ramajayam Govindaraj, Shivarama Varambally, Shyam Sundar Arumugham, C Naveen Kumar, Jagadisha Thirthalli
BACKGROUND: Deficient mirror neuron system (MNS)-activity is associated with social cognition deficits in schizophrenia. However, it is not known how socio-emotional contexts modulate the MNS-response. In a Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)-experiment, we aimed to compare putative MNS-responses to action observation stimuli with and without a context, in patients with schizophrenia and healthy subjects. METHOD: TMS-evoked motor cortical reactivity was measured by single and paired [short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and facilitation (ICF)] pulse-paradigms in schizophrenia patients (n = 39) and healthy subjects (n = 28) while they observed three experimental-blocks: a static image, a neutral hand action (NA) and a context-based hand action (CA)...
August 7, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089712/platelet-targeted-dual-pathway-antithrombotic-inhibits-thrombosis-with-preserved-hemostasis
#9
Donny Hanjaya-Putra, Carolyn Haller, Xiaowei Wang, Erbin Dai, Bock Lim, Liying Liu, Patrick Jaminet, Joy Yao, Amy Searle, Thomas Bonnard, Christoph E Hagemeyer, Karlheinz Peter, Elliot L Chaikof
Despite advances in antithrombotic therapy, the risk of recurrent coronary/cerebrovascular ischemia or venous thromboembolism remains high. Dual pathway antithrombotic blockade, using both antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy, offers the promise of improved thrombotic protection; however, widespread adoption remains tempered by substantial risk of major bleeding. Here, we report a dual pathway therapeutic capable of site-specific targeting to activated platelets and therapeutic enrichment at the site of thrombus growth to allow reduced dosing without compromised antithrombotic efficacy...
August 9, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30080586/ultrasonic-modification-of-carbonate-scale-electrochemically-deposited-in-tap-water
#10
G Vasyliev, S Vasylieva, A Novosad, Y Gerasymenko
Influence of the ultrasound intensity (28 kHz, 1.1-7.5 W/cm2 ) on CaCO3 nucleation-growth on the surface of a cylinder mild steel electrode rotating at 500 rpm was studied in tap water. The deposition kinetics was analyzed by chronoamperometry; the calcareous layer was characterized by gravimetry, scanning electron microscopy and XRD. Application of ultrasound to calcium carbonate crystallization affects nucleation site density, mass-transport rate and cavitation erosion of the deposits. Lower intensity ultrasound reduces scale porosity and area density by increasing nucleation site density and accelerating the mass transport...
November 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078851/comparison-of-ultrasound-guided-bilateral-subcostal-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-and-port-site-infiltration-with-bupivacaine-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#11
Indu Suseela, Krishnadas Anandan, Arun Aravind, Suvarna Kaniyil
Background and Aims: Many patients experience moderate-to-severe pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We aimed to compare the efficacy of ultrasound-guided bilateral subcostal transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with port-site infiltration for post-operative analgesia after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia were divided into two groups of 40 each to receive ultrasound-guided bilateral subcostal TAP block (T) with 0...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064006/preemptive-analgesia-in-migs
#12
REVIEW
Jaime B Long, Kristin Bevil, Dobie Giles
Preemptive analgesia is an intervention provided prior to initiating painful stimuli which may reduce or prevent subsequent pain. This systematic review examines the evidence supporting the practice of preemptive analgesia in minimally invasive gynecologic surgery (MIGS). We searched PubMed, Cochrane Register for Controlled Trials and Embase from inception through 2/26/18. The search was limited to human and English-language studies. A total of 324 studies were identified. The abstracts were screened for relevance for minimally invasive gynecologic surgery and preemptive analgesia...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30032679/effect-of-the-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-on-postoperative-pain-and-recovery-in-patients-with-hepatic-echinococcosis
#13
Wenjie Su, Xiaofan Deng, Xiangkui Li, Jia Deng, Peng Li, Mengchang Yang
Objectives Hepatic echinococcosis (HE) is a severe parasitic disease that occurs worldwide, and radical surgery is the recommended therapy. This study was performed to investigate the efficacy of using a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block during surgery on postoperative pain and recovery of patients with HE under the guidelines of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol. Methods Fifty-eight patients from the Tibetan plateau who underwent surgery for treatment of HE by the same surgeons under the guidance of ERAS were included in the present study...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028478/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-subcostal-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-on-acute-and-subacute-pain-development-following-inguinal-herniography-randomized-clinical-study
#14
Çiğdem Akyol Beyoğlu, Aylin Özdilek, Emre Erbabacan, Elif Aybike Özmumcu, Birsel Ekici, Güniz Köksal, Fatiş Altıntaş, Sevim Purisa
OBJECTIVES: The effect of subcostal transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block on postoperative pain is contradictive. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of subcostal TAP block on subacute pain in patients who have undergone inguinal herniography. METHODS: Patients aged between 18 and 75 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists 1-3 and who were to undergo elective unilateral inguinal herniography with mesh under general anesthesia were included...
July 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013856/stop-signals-delay-synchrony-more-for-finger-tapping-than-vocalization-a-dual-modality-study-of-rhythmic-synchronization-in-the-stop-signal-task
#15
Leidy J Castro-Meneses, Paul F Sowman
Background: A robust feature of sensorimotor synchronization (SMS) performance in finger tapping to an auditory pacing signal is the negative asynchrony of the tap with respect to the pacing signal. The Paillard-Fraisse hypothesis suggests that negative asynchrony is a result of inter-modal integration, in which the brain compares sensory information across two modalities (auditory and tactile). The current study compared the asynchronies of vocalizations and finger tapping in time to an auditory pacing signal...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30004714/effects-of-spreading-conditions-on-the-aggregation-behavior-of-a-symmetric-diblock-copolymer-polystyrene-block-poly-methyl-methacrylate-at-the-air-water-interface
#16
Mingming Gao, Gangyao Wen, Liang Wang
Langmuir monolayers and Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films of a symmetric diblock copolymer polystyrene- block-poly(methyl methacrylate) (PS- b-PMMA) were characterized by the film balance technique and tapping mode atomic force microscopy, respectively. Effects of both the spreading solution concentration and the surface concentration on the aggregation behavior of PS- b-PMMA at the air/water interface and the morphologies of its LB films were studied in detail. When the monolayers spread in different concentrations (≤0...
August 7, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985039/individual-differences-in-mixing-costs-relate-to-general-executive-functioning
#17
Louisa L Smith, Marie T Banich, Naomi P Friedman
The ability to enact cognitive control under changing environmental demands is commonly studied using set-shifting paradigms. While the control processes required for task set reconfiguration (switch costs) have been studied extensively, less research has focused on the control required during task repetition in blocks containing multiple tasks as compared to those containing a single task (mixing costs). We investigated how individual differences in mixing costs related to other executive functions (EFs) in a large sample (N = 749) of young adults...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980989/laparoscopic-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-as-part-of-multimodal-analgesia-in-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-within-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-program-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Alejandro Garcia, Carlos Ferrigni, Juan Gonzalez, Cesar Levano-Linares, Montiel Jimenez-Fuertes, Carolina Llavero, Manuel Duran
BACKGROUND: Despite the ultrasound guidance of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks has allowed greater precision of needle placement in the desired tissue plane, visualization of the abdominal wall muscles can be hindered by morbid obesity and could lead to failed regional anesthesia. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and effect of laparoscopic-guided TAP block in patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and to compare it with port-site infiltration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized clinical trial was performed...
July 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978298/ultrasound-guided-left-lateral-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-combined-with-rectus-sheath-block-in-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-placement
#19
Wei Dai, Yao Lu, Jia Liu, Lili Tang, Bin Mei, Xuesheng Liu
This study assessed the utility of ultrasound-guided lateral transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block combined with rectus sheath (RS) block for peritoneal dialysis catheter placement surgery. Thirty consecutive patients with end-stage renal disease scheduled to have peritoneal dialysis catheter placement received a left lateral TAP block combined with RS block performed under ultrasound guidance. The TAP and RS blocks were, respectively, conducted with 15 ml of 0.5% ropivacaine and 10 ml of 0.5% ropivacaine...
August 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966753/the-influence-of-age-in-women-in-visuo-spatial-memory-in-reaching-and-navigation-tasks-with-and-without-landmarks
#20
A Perrochon, S Mandigout, S Petruzzellis, N Soria Garcia, M Zaoui, A Berthoz, J C Daviet
Spatial memory and navigation capabilities tend to decline in normal aging, but few studies have assessed the impact of landmarks on route learning in a large-scale environment. The objectives were to examine age-related effects on visuo-spatial working memory capabilities in various environments and to determine the impact of landmarks in navigation skills in normal aging. 42 young women (23.6 ± 4.9 years) and 37 older women (70.7 ± 4.7 years) with no cognitive impairment have performed three visuo-spatial working memory tests: one in reaching space (computerized Corsi-Block-Tapping test) and two in locomotor navigation space (a condition without landmarks: Virtual Walking Corsi Test and a condition with landmarks: Virtual Room Walking Test)...
June 30, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
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