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Nutrition hemodialysis

Ye Eun Ko, Taeyoung Yun, Hye Ah Lee, Seung-Jung Kim, Duk-Hee Kang, Kyu Bok Choi, Yon Su Kim, Yong-Lim Kim, Hyung Jung Oh, Dong-Ryeol Ryu
Although subjective global assessment (SGA) is a widely used representative tool for nutritional investigations even among dialysis patients, no studies have examined gender-specific differences in the ability of SGA to predict mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. A total of 2,798 dialysis patients were enrolled from clinical research center for end-stage renal disease (CRC for ESRD) between 2009 and 2015. The cohort was divided into two groups based on nutritional status as evaluated by SGA: 'good nutrition' and 'mild to severe malnutrition'...
December 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Inkyong Hur, Yong Kyu Lee, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Yoshitsugu Obi
BACKGROUND: Residual kidney function (RKF) is often expected to inevitably and rapidly decline among hemodialysis patients and, hence, has been inadvertently ignored in clinical practice. The importance of RKF has been revisited in some recent studies. Given that patients with end-stage renal disease now tend to initiate maintenance hemodialysis therapy with higher RKF levels, there seem to be important opportunities for incremental hemo-dialysis by individualizing the dose and frequency according to their RKF levels...
December 11, 2018: Cardiorenal Medicine
Irina Mihaela Abdulan, Mihai Onofriescu, Ramona Stefaniu, Alexandra Mastaleru, Veronica Mocanu, Ioana-Dana Alexa, Adrian Covic
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to objectively and precisely describe, in elderly dialysis patients from a single center, the prevalence of malnutrition and severe cognitive/functional impairment and to establish the prognostic role of malnutrition assessment for patient's severe cognitive/functional status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A single dialysis center from north-eastern Romania. SUBJECTS: Eighty-one elderly ambulatory hemodialysis patients...
December 4, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Ban-Hock Khor, Karuthan Chinna, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Zaki Morad, Ghazali Ahmad, Sunita Bavanandam, Ravindran Visvanathan, Rosnawati Yahya, Bak-Leong Goh, Boon-Cheak Bee, Tilakavati Karupaiah
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the situational capacity for nutrition care delivery in the outpatient hemodialysis (HD) setting in Malaysia by evaluating dietitian accessibility, nutrition practices and patients' outcomes. METHODS: A 17-item questionnaire was developed to assess nutrition practices and administered to dialysis managers of 150 HD centers, identified through the National Renal Registry. Nutritional outcomes of 4362 patients enabled crosscutting comparisons as per dietitian accessibility and center sector...
December 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Ilia Beberashvili, Olga Baskin, Ada Azar, Anna Katkov, Leonid Feldman, Oleg Gorelik, Kobi Stav, Shai Efrati
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential side effects of common phosphate binders are gastrointestinal in practice. We hypothesized that regular use of phosphate binders may be associated with decreased appetite, dietary intake and consequently, poor nutritional status. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This was cross-sectional study of 78 patients (mean age 67.5±13.0, 34.6% women) undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) treatment. Participants were divided into three equal groups - sevelamer (n=25), lanthanum (n=24) and the control group (n=29)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Marta Esgalhado, Julie A Kemp, Renata Azevedo, Bruna R Paiva, Milena B Stockler-Pinto, Carla J Dolenga, Natália A Borges, Lia S Nakao, Denise Mafra
An imbalance of gut microbiota is considered a new cardiovascular risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, since it is directly associated with increased uremic toxin production, inflammation and oxidative stress. Strategies such as prebiotic supplementation have been suggested to mitigate these complications. We hypothesized that prebiotic-resistant starch could ameliorate uremic toxins levels, oxidative stress, and inflammatory states in hemodialysis (HD) patients. This pilot study evaluated 31 HD patients assigned to either resistant starch (16 g of resistant starch Hi-Maize® 260) or placebo (manioc flour) supplementation, which they received for 4 weeks on alternate days through cookies on dialysis days and powder in a sachet on non-dialysis days...
November 23, 2018: Food & Function
B Guida, S Parolisi, M Coco, T Ruoppo, R Veccia, M di Maro, R Trio, A Memoli, M Cataldi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Here we describe a dietary intervention for hyperphosphatemia in dialysis patients based on the partial replacement of meat and fish, which are one of the main sources of alimentary phosphorous, with egg white, a virtually phosphorous-free protein source. This intervention aims to reduce phosphorous intake without causing protein wasting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: As many as 23 hyperphosphatemic patients (15 male and 8 female, mean age 53.0 ± 10...
September 28, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Jeroen P Kooman, Len A Usvyat, Marijke J E Dekker, Dugan W Maddux, Jochen G Raimann, Frank M van der Sande, Xiaoling Ye, Yuedong Wang, Peter Kotanko
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) experience unique patterns in their lifetime, such as the start of dialysis and renal transplantation. In addition, there is also an intricate link between ESRD and biological time patterns. In terms of cyclic patterns, the circadian blood pressure (BP) rhythm can be flattened, contributing to allostatic load, whereas the circadian temperature rhythm is related to the decline in BP during hemodialysis (HD). Seasonal variations in BP and interdialytic-weight gain have been observed in ESRD patients in addition to a profound relative increase in mortality during the winter period...
November 16, 2018: Blood Purification
Rong-Shao Tan, Dan-Hua Liang, Yan Liu, Xiao-Shi Zhong, Dong-Sheng Zhang, Jing Ma
OBJECTIVE(S): To explore the validity of using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA)-derived 50 kHz phase angle (PhA) in predicting protein-energy wasting (PEW) in Chinese maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: The design was a cross-sectional study. A total of 173 of MHD patients and 173 healthy adults were enrolled in the study. The prevalence of PEW in patients was performed by the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism criteria...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
F X Su, J Wu, C M Zhou, Q Li, S S Hu, X Lin, J J Da, Y Zha
Objective: To examine the relationship between low serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and protein-energy wasting (PEW) in patients who underwent maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) treatment. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in MHD patients between June 2015 and August 2017 in 11 MHD centers from Guizhou province. Body composition and physical parameters were measured, clinical data and other related laboratory values were collected according to the medical record system. Participants were assigned to low serum PTH group (PTH<150 ng/L), target PTH group (150 ng/L≤ PTH ≤300 ng/L) and high serum PTH group (PTH>300 ng/L)...
November 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Lu Cai, Jianwen Yu, Jing Yu, Yuan Peng, Habib Ullah, Chunyan Yi, Jianxiong Lin, Xiao Yang, Xueqing Yu
BACKGROUND: Inflammation-based prognostic scores have been used as outcome predictors in patients with cancer or on hemodialysis. However, their role in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the prognostic value of inflammation-based composite scores for mortality in CAPD patients. METHODS: This study was conducted in CAPD patients enrolled from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2014 and followed until December 31, 2016...
October 26, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Stefano Murtas, Roberto Aquilani, Maria Luisa Deiana, Paolo Iadarola, Romina Secci, Mariella Cadeddu, Stefano Salis, Doriana Serpi, Piergiorgio Bolasco
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to quantify the loss of total amino acids (TAAs), nonessential amino acids, essential amino acids, and branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) produced by high-efficiency hemodialysis (HEHD), postdilution hemodiafiltration (HDFpost), and predilution hemodiafiltration (HDFpre) using high ultrafiltration volumes; and to define the specific AA losses registered in HEHD, HDFpost, and HDFpre; to identify a potential metabolic and nutritional decline into protein energy wasting; to compare AA analysis of arterial blood samples taken from healthy controls and patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Marisa Danielle Juarez
Children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis are at increased risk for malnutrition. Aggressive nutrition intervention such as intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) should be considered to prevent further co-morbidities and mortality associated with malnutrition when other interventions fail. IDPN is a non-invasive method of providing nutrition to malnourished hemodialysis (HD) patients via the HD access throughout the HD treatment. Although the evidence on the long-term benefits of IDPN is scant in pediatrics, there is evidence that it improves metabolic parameters and nutritional status...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
I-H Lin, T-C Wong, S-W Nien, H-H Wang, Y-J Chiang, S-H Yang
BACKGROUND: The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) is a useful predictor of prognosis in older patients and those receiving hemodialysis. However, the predictive value of the GNRI in renal transplant recipients (RTRs) is unclear. In this study we investigated the correlation between the GNRI and muscle function, as indicated by handgrip strength (HGS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on 42 RTRs (50% women), with a mean age of 49.0 ± 10.8 years...
October 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Tokuharu Tanaka, Kei Nishiyama, Osamu Yamamura, Hiroko Watase, Yoshinari Yokoyama, Takayasu Horiguchi, Takashi Konishi, Hiroyuki Hayashi
AIM: The target Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) for patients on chronic maintenance hemodialysis is unclear. We aimed to determine the relationship between the GNRI and independent walking ability in such patients. METHODS: In the present retrospective cohort study, 90 patients receiving chronic maintenance hemodialysis were included. Logistic regression analyses were carried out to evaluate the relationship between the GNRI and independent walking ability...
October 11, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Daniela Viramontes Hörner, Nicholas M Selby, Maarten W Taal
OBJECTIVE: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are uremic toxins that result from hyperglycemia, oxidative stress, and systemic inflammation. AGEs are also formed in food during cooking. On the other hand, malnutrition may contribute to AGE formation through its association with oxidative stress and inflammation. AGE accumulation can be measured by skin autofluorescence (SAF) and elevated SAF is independently associated with higher mortality on hemodialysis (HD). We aimed to investigate associations between SAF, dietary AGE intake, and markers of malnutrition in persons receiving HD...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Jutta Dierkes, Helene Dahl, Natasha Lervaag Welland, Kristina Sandnes, Kristin Sæle, Ingegjerd Sekse, Hans-Peter Marti
BACKGROUND: Poor nutritional status of patients with renal disease has been associated with worsening of renal function and poor health outcomes. Simply measuring weight and height for calculation of the body mass index does however not capture the true picture of nutritional status in these patients. Therefore, we measured nutritional status by BMI, body composition, waist circumference, dietary intake and nutritional screening in three groups of renal patients. METHODS: Patients with chronic kidney disease not on renal replacement therapy (CKD stages 3-5, n = 112), after renal transplantation (n = 72) and patients treated with hemodialysis (n = 24) were recruited in a tertiary hospital in Bergen, Norway in a cross-sectional observational study...
October 11, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Cristina Caetano, Ana Valente, Telma Oliveira, Cristina Garagarza
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages worldwide. However, fluid intake restriction is an important and difficult challenge for hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of coffee intake on hydration and nutritional parameters of HD patients. METHODS: This was an observational, cross-sectional, multicenter study where 373 HD patients from 8 dialysis centers in Portugal were enrolled. A face-to-face questionnaire was applied and patient's clinical and body composition parameters were analyzed...
October 8, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Louise Nielsen, Lurilyn Gendrot, Antioco Fois, Emanuela Cataldo, Gianfranca Cabiddu
There is no simple way to prescribe hemodialysis. Changes in the dialysis population, improvements in dialysis techniques, and different attitudes towards the initiation of dialysis have influenced treatment goals and, consequently, dialysis prescription. However, in clinical practice prescription of dialysis still often follows a "one size fits all" rule, and there is no agreed distinction between treatment goals for the younger, lower-risk population, and for older, high comorbidity patients. In the younger dialysis population, efficiency is our main goal, as assessed by the demonstrated close relationship between depuration (tested by kinetic adequacy) and survival...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Hiroyuki Tominaga, Manei Oku, Yoshiya Arishima, Toru Ikeda, Yasuhiro Ishidou, Satoshi Nagano, Masato Minami, Akio Ido, Setsuro Komiya, Takao Setoguchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hemodialysis patients are at risk for bone loss and sarcopenia, characterized by reduced muscle mass and limited mobility/function. Osteoporosis and sarcopenia both increase the risk of hospitalization and death in affected individuals. Malnutrition also occurs as a complication of hemodialysis and has been identified as a risk factor for osteoporosis and sarcopenia. In this study, we examined the relationship between osteoporosis, muscle volume, walking ability, and malnutrition in hemodialysis patients...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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