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Arkiath Veettil Raveendran, Anjali Deshpandae, Shashank R Joshi
Yoga originated in India more than 5,000 years ago and is a means of balancing and harmonizing the body, mind, and emotions. Yoga practice is useful in the management of various lifestyle diseases, including type 2 diabetes. Psycho-neuro-endocrine and immune mechanisms are involved in the beneficial effects of yoga on diabetes. Incorporation of yoga practice in daily life helps to attain glycaemic control and reduces the risk of complications in people with diabetes. In this review, we briefly describe the role of various yoga practices in the management of diabetes based on evidence from various clinical studies...
August 14, 2018: Endocrinology and Metabolism
Carla M Patist, Nicolas J C Stapelberg, Eugene F Du Toit, John P Headrick
Major depressive disorder (MDD) and obesity are dominant and inter-related health burdens. Obesity is a risk factor for MDD, and there is evidence MDD increases risk of obesity. However, description of a bidirectional relationship between obesity and MDD is misleading, as closer examination reveals distinct unidirectional relationships in MDD subtypes. MDD is frequently associated with weight loss, although obesity promotes MDD. In contrast, MDD with atypical features (MDD-AF) is characterised by subsequent weight gain and obesity...
August 15, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
Karin Persson, Margareta Östman, Karin Ingvarsdotter, Fredrik Hjärthag
Treatment and support of people diagnosed with severe mental illness in Sweden takes place in out-patient psychiatric services or municipality services. Most of the responsibility for support in daily life are provided by the close family. One crucial matter is how to support these families. This research project aimed to investigate the Swedish construction with shared responsibility between county psychiatric care and municipality social care for consumers with severe mental illness affects actions in municipalities in relation to family support...
August 14, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Elvis Enowbeyang Tarkang, Lilian Belole Pencille
Introduction: A significant proportion of road construction workers are migrants and prone to HIV infection. This study investigated the psychosocial predictors of consistent condom use among migrant road construction workers in the South-west region of Cameroon using the Health Belief Model (HBM) as the theoretical framework. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of a stratified sample of 254 road construction workers was conducted at construction sites along the Kumba-Mamfe road in the South-west region of Cameroon in December 2015...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Heide Götze, Sabine Taubenheim, Andreas Dietz, Florian Lordick, Anja Mehnert
PURPOSE: Our study provides a detailed overview of comorbid conditions and health-related quality of life of long-term cancer survivors and analyses the impact of demographic, disease- and treatment-related characteristics. METHODS: We present data obtained from 1000 survivors across mixed tumour entities 5 and 10 years after cancer diagnosis in a cross-sectional study. We analyse the prevalence of physical symptoms and health conditions via self-report and health-related quality of life using the EORTC QLQ-C30 in comparison to gender- and age-matched reference values of the general population...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Šemsa Šabanović, Selvira Draganović
INTRODUCTION: Mental health services after the war 1992-1995 in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B-H) are primarily reduced to the public care, though, there are not enough professionals in existing conditions, and they are not able to respond to cover all the cases. This leaves the room to non governmental organizations (NGO) and private mental health care professionals in providing psycho-social services to vulnerable populations. Islamic Relief World Wide (IRWW), United Kingdom (UK) based humanitarian organisation, whose personal working within Orphans department, took part in this mission to contribute B-H citizens wellbeing...
July 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
M A Benítez-Rosario, T Morita
PURPOSE: To explore the consistency in international expert opinions about palliative sedation. METHODS: A modified electronic-Delphi procedure was carried out in two rounds. On hundred nine eligible experts were identified from their publications in MEDLINE related with terminal delirium, dyspnea and palliative sedation in the last 3 years. Delphi study included three vignettes of cancer patients and two non-cancer patients, with an estimated survival of days and severe suffering secondary to refractory complications...
August 10, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Ana Mihailescu, Anca Labunet, Alexandrina Muntean, Andreea Kui, Radu Septimiu Campian
Background and aims: This survey evaluated the psycho-social impact of oral health on the quality of life in Romanian teenage and young adult orthodontic patients. Methods: Of the 300 standard questionnaires distributed in four dental offices, 125 questionnaires were returned. Each questionnaire contained 110 items, focusing on aspects like patients' satisfaction, self-confidence, school/work performances and aesthetic concern, in relation to oral health. The patients were 16-25 years of age and all were undergoing or had undergone orthodontic treatment in the previous two years...
July 2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
Livia de Freitas Keppeke, Teresa Helena Schoen
Visual-motor skill forms an important psycho diagnostic component and is associated with psycho-neurological aspects. The Bender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test, widely used for the evaluation of this area, is meant for children up to 11 years. In adolescence, the changes associated with puberty generate nonlinear anthropometric development resulting in mild and temporary incoordination. This study investigated the relation between visual-motor development measured by the Bender test and pubertal changes according to the Tanner scale...
August 8, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Frederike Neumann, Judith Nestler, Claudia Lührs da Silva, Marc Allroggen
Clinical diagnostics of psycho-social and cognitive standard of performance in youth with mental disabilities. Abstract. The clinical diagnostics of cognitive limitations and the resulting problems of social development occurring in childhood and adolescence are essential for further stimulation as well as for possible treatment strategies for comorbid mental diseases. This complex process should be carried out on several levels and with different methods. The resulting praxis-oriented question is defined via the pros and cons of the current procedure for the recording of psycho-social and cognitive stage of development of young people with mental disabilities...
August 7, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
Charlotte Jaite, Betteke Maria van Noort, Timo D Vloet, Erika Graf, Viola Kappel, Julia Geissler, Andreas Warnke, Christian Jacob, Silke Groß-Lesch, Klaus Hennighausen, Barbara Haack-Dees, Katja Schneider-Momm, Alexandra Philipsen, Swantje Matthies, Michael Rösler, Wolfgang Retz, Susann Hänig, Alexander von Gontard, Esther Sobanski, Barbara Alm, Sarah Hohmann, Alexander Häge, Luise Poustka, Michael Colla, Laura Gentschow, Christine M Freitag, Katja Becker, Thomas Jans
OBJECTIVE: We examined predictors and moderators of treatment outcome in mothers and children diagnosed with ADHD in a large multicentre RCT. METHOD: In total, 144 mother-child dyads with ADHD were randomly assigned to either a maternal ADHD treatment (group psychotherapy and open methylphenidate medication, TG) or to a control treatment (individual counselling without psycho- or pharmacotherapy, CG). After maternal ADHD treatment, parent-child training (PCT) for all mother-child dyads was added...
August 7, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
Claudia König, Mette V Skriver, Kim M Iburg, Gillian Rowlands
Background. Alcohol misuse is a global public health priority, with a variation in prevalence and impact between countries. Alcohol misuse in adolescence is associated with adverse psychological, social and physical health. Adolescents in Denmark have higher alcohol consumption and problematic alcohol use than adolescents in other European countries. Associations between social determinants of health (SDH), psycho-social factors and alcohol consumption are complex and influenced by national context and cultures...
August 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Flavia Faccio, Chiara Renzi, Chiara Crico, Eleni Kazantzaki, Haridimos Kondylakis, Lefteris Koumakis, Kostas Marias, Gabriella Pravettoni
In the last decade, clinicians have started to shift from an individualistic perspective of the patient towards family-centred models of care, due to the increasing evidence from research and clinical practice of the crucial role of significant others in determining the patient's adjustment to cancer disease and management. eHealth tools can be considered a means to compensate the services gap and support outpatient care flows. Within the works of the European H2020 iManageCancer project, a review of the literature in the field of family resilience was conducted, in order to determine how to monitor the patient and his/her family's resilience through an eHealth platform...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Hideki Onishi, Mayumi Ishida, Hiroshi Kagamu, Yoshitake Murayama, Kunihiko Kobayashi, Izumi Sato, Nozomu Uchida, Tatsuo Akechi
OBJECTIVE: Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is a neuropsychiatric disorder caused by thiamine deficiency. It is recognized in various stages of the cancer trajectory but has not previously been recognized during nivolumab treatment. METHOD: From a series of WE patients with cancer, we report a lung cancer patient who developed WE during treatment with nivolumab.ResultA 78-year-old woman with lung cancer was referred to our psycho-oncology clinic because of depressed mood...
August 3, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
Maxi Sacher, Jürgen Meixensberger, Wolfgang Krupp
INTRODUCTION: Patients who are diagnosed with high-grade gliomas (HGG) have poor prognoses and often experience rapid declines in functional and cognitive status, which makes caring for them particularly stressful. We conducted a prospective study to investigate the factors influencing the quality of life of HGG patients and their informal caregivers and analyzed their reciprocal impacts. Based on our results, we elaborated a screening model to identify patients and caregivers in need of psychooncological support...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Darshan D Ruikar, Ravindra S Hegadi, K C Santosh
Precise simulators can replicate complete understanding of the models. In this survey, we focus on orthopedic simulators that are not only in replicating real-world models but also in educating with complete procedure: surgical, for instance. It covers 18 hip replacement, three-knee replacement, three facial surgeries, one spine surgery and six orthopedic psycho-motor skills training and assessment-based simulators. We also provide comparative studies and highlight current trends and possible challenges. We observed that orthopedic training methodologies have undergone a paradigm shift...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Stéphanie Vieira, Fabrice Chéruel, Hélène Sancho-Garnier
BACKGROUND: In France smoking initiation rates amongst 11 to 16 year-olds are worryingly high. Several studies show that early initiation to psycho-active substances is a strong predictor of tobacco addiction. Decreasing the age at which tobacco use starts represents a key challenge for reducing tobacco usage. Implementing an intervention trial using educational workshops based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and covering the 4 years of secondary school could be effective. METHODS: "PEPITES" is an interventional research, using a cluster randomized design...
July 31, 2018: BMC Public Health
Cecilia H S Chan, Amy S C Ha, Johan Y Y Ng, David Revalds Lubans
Associations between fundamental movement skills (FMS), perceived competence, enjoyment and physical activity (PA) have not been widely investigated among Chinese school children. We hypothesised that FMS would be directly related to self-reported and objectively measured PA, and indirectly related to these outcomes via perceived physical and movement skill competence, and enjoyment. Participants were 763 primary school children (age = 9.3 ± 1.7 years; 474 girls) across grades. FMS were measured for a subsample (n = 603) using Test of Gross Motor Development-2...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
L C Miccio-Fonseca
The article provides a conceptual framework of variables likely interconnected to protective factors for sexually abusive youth associated with the Family Lovemap Aggregate of MEGA♪ , a risk assessment tool for sexually abusive youth. Family Lovemap Aggregate is composed of the ingredients family's familial bio-physio-neuro-psycho-sexio-social history and culture including transmissible predispositions related to erotic development. Intimacy deficits are discussed, specifically their association to erotically related protective factors extrapolated from a variety of data points and sources...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
J Tayama, T Saigo, S Ogawa, A Takeoka, T Hamaguchi, K Inoue, H Okamura, J Yajima, K Matsudaira, S Fukudo, S Shirabe
BACKGROUND: Attention bias modification normalizes electroencephalographic abnormalities in alpha and beta power percentages related to attention in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Yet, it is unknown whether ABM contributes to the normalization of event-related potentials (ERP) in these patients. We hypothesized that ERP related to attention deficit would be normalized after ABM implementation in individuals with IBS. METHODS: Thirteen patients with IBS and 10 control subjects completed a 2-month intervention that included five ABM sessions...
July 30, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
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