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Lucyna Tomaszek, Grażyna Dębska, Grażyna Cepuch, Marlena Kulpa, Lidia Pawlik, Elżbieta Broniatowska
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a chronic disease that has an impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). OBJECTIVES: To identify demographic and clinical factors associated with HRQoL in adolescents and young adults with CF. METHODS: The sample comprised adolescent and young adult patients with CF. They completed the Cystic Fibrosis Quality of Life (CFQoL) questionnaire, which includes Physical, Social, Treatment, Chest Symptoms, Emotional Functioning, Future Concerns, Relationships, Body Image, and Career dimensions...
October 10, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
Livia de Freitas Keppeke, Juliana Molina, Vanessa Bugni Miotto E Silva, Maria Teresa de Sande E Lemos Ramos Ascensão Terreri, Gerson Dierley Keppeke, Teresa Helena Schoen, Claudio Arnaldo Len
BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment for chronic diseases is lower in children than in adults, less extensively studied in children and is associated with multiple related factors. The aim of this study is to perform a descriptive analysis of psycho-cognitive aspects of primary caregivers of pediatric patients with chronic rheumatic diseases, as well as socioeconomic and clinical factors, family functioning and treatment satisfaction. METHODS: Primary caregivers of 90 patients were included...
October 12, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Sarah van de Berg, Niesje Jansen-Aaldring, Gerard de Vries, Susan van den Hof
BACKGROUND: Patient support during tuberculosis treatment is expected to be more often available and more customized in low tuberculosis incidence, high-resource settings than in lower-resource settings. The aim of this systematic review is to provide an overview of tuberculosis patient support interventions implemented in low-incidence countries and an evaluation of their effects on treatment-related outcomes as well as their acceptability by patients and providers. METHODS: PubMed, Social Science Citation Index and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health and Literature were searched for the period 01...
2018: PloS One
Margaretha Strandmark K, GullBritt Rahm, Ingrid Rystedt, Gun Nordström, Bodil Wilde-Larsson
AIM: The purpose of this article was to explore workplace routines and strategies for preventing and managing bullying in the context of health and elderly care. BACKGROUND: Bullying is a serious problem in workplaces with consequences for the individual, the organisation and the quality of care. METHOD: Open-ended interviews were conducted with 12 participants, including managers and specialists within one hospital and three municipalities...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
Polly H X Ma, Zenobia C Y Chan, Alice Yuen Loke
Stigma is a primary concern for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS (PLWHA), and has great impact on their and their family members' health. While previous reviews have largely focused on the public stigma, this systematic review aims to evaluate the impact of HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related self-stigma reduction interventions among PLWHA and their families. A literature search using eight databases found 23 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. Five types of intervention approaches were identified: (1) psycho-educational intervention, (2) supportive intervention for treatment adherence (antiretroviral therapy), (3) psychotherapy intervention, (4) narrative intervention, and (5) community participation intervention...
October 8, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
Mukesh Prabhuswamy
Problematic school refusal that is child motivated is a serious but common presentation and a child psychiatric emergency. Mental health professionals, paediatricians, educators and parents are often required to work in tandem to alleviate concerns due to this. Prolonged absence from school may lead to immediate (educational backwardness) and far-reaching effects (psycho-social and educational maladjustment). Psychiatric morbidity is high in school-refusing children presenting to secondary and tertiary services and is associated with temperamental, family and environmental adversities...
October 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
M Y González-Alonso, A C Matía Cubillo
INTRODUCTION: As the life expectancy has increased in individuals with cerebral palsy, this has led to being able to assess the changes in the bio-psycho-social dimensions of their health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe the characteristics of individuals with cerebral palsy and to evaluate their functional situation. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted on a sample of 26 individuals between 27 and 65 years old with cerebral palsy...
October 2, 2018: Semergen
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Psycho-oncology
Manuel Torres-Gutiérrez
The decision to become a living kidney donor is full of conflicts. It is generally believed that the candidates are aware of their reasons, that they have thought long about it, and have even asked questions about it. Thus it is surprising that, in many cases, they are only vaguely aware of their reasons and their validity. Sometimes, it is an impulsive decision guided by their emotions and entrusted to their luck or faith. Sometimes, they are undecided and put under pressure due to various circumstances. The mental health assessment should help to clarify their reasons, and to put them into words...
October 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Jochen Ernst, Hermann Faller, Uwe Koch, Elmar Brähler, Martin Härter, Holger Schulz, Joachim Weis, Norbert Köhler, Andreas Hinz, Anja Mehnert
BACKGROUND: A significant number of oncological patients are heavily burdened by psychosocial stress. Doctors recommending or referring their patients to psycho-oncologists in the course of routine consultations can positively influence psycho-oncological care. The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency and predictors of such recommendations and to examine the use of these services by patients. METHODS: 4,020 cancer patients (mean age 58 years; 51% women) were evaluated in a multicenter, cross-sectional study in Germany...
2018: PloS One
Md Serajul Islam
Haematological malignancies can have devastating effects on the patients' physical, emotional, psycho-sexual, educational and economic health. With the improvement of therapies patients with these malignancies are living longer, however significant proportion these patient show poor quality of life (QoL) due to various physical and psychological consequences of the disease and the treatments. Health-related QoL (HRQoL) is multi-dimensional and temporal, relating to a state of functional, physical, psychological and social/family well-being...
July 4, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Andreas Ströhle, Jochen Gensichen, Katharina Domschke
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental illness in Europe, with a 12-month prevalence of 14% among persons aged 14 to 65. Their onset is usually in adolescence or early adulthood. The affected patients often develop further mental or somatic illnesses (sequential comorbidity). METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed. RESULTS: The group of anxiety disorders includes generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), phobic disorders, panic disorders, and two disorders that are often restricted to childhood-separation anxiety and selective mutism...
September 14, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Sue Fletcher-Watson, Sarah Hampton
One challenge to the development of effective interventions to support learning and behavioural change in neurodevelopmental disorders is a lack of suitable outcome measures. Eye-tracking has been used widely to chart cognitive development and clinically-relevant group differences in many populations. This proof-of-concept study investigates whether it also has the potential to act as a marker of treatment effects, by testing its sensitivity to differential change over a short period of exposure to an iPad app in typically developing children...
October 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Charis Lengen, Christian Timm, Thomas Kistemann
The ability to remember, recognize and reconstruct places is a key component of episodic autobiographical memory. In this respect, place forms an essential basis for the unfolding of experiences in memory and imagination. The autobiographical memory is seen to contribute to a sense of self and place identity. The aim of this study was to concertedly analyze paintings, autobiographical narrations and places of birth and life of clients under treatment at a psychiatric clinic in Switzerland who were manifesting psychiatric disorders, e...
September 22, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Joachim Weis, Klaus Hönig, Corinna Bergelt, Hermann Faller, Anette Brechtel, Beate Hornemann, Barbara Stein, Martin Teufel, Ute Goerling, Yesim Erim, Franziska Geiser, Alexander Niecke, Bianca Senf, Martin Wickert, Claudia Schmoor, Angelika Gerlach, Dieter Schellberg, Antje Büttner-Teleaga, Katharina Schieber
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess cancer patients' use of psychological care and its correlates in a large sample of cancer patients in Comprehensive Cancer Centers (CCCs) in Germany. METHODS: In a multicenter study in Germany, cancer patients with various diagnoses were evaluated for self-reported use of psychological support. We measured psychological distress, depression and anxiety, quality of life and social support with standardized questionnaires and analyzed its association with the utilization of psychological care using multivariable logistic regression...
October 1, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Augusta Silveira, Eurico Monteiro, Teresa Sequeira
Head and neck cancer includes a wide range of tumors that occur in several areas of the upper aerodigestive tract. Most head and neck cancer patients report treatment-related late effects (both physical and psycho-social). High-quality and patient-centered care in head and neck cancer depend on the understanding of the continuum patient's experience-the disease pathway. Healthcare has been improved by involving patients more actively in the disease process, and a few reports support that patient-reported outcomes-built around the patient's experience-given in a timely manner to oncologists are extremely valuable in oncology clinical care...
October 1, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Vishvanath Pise, Balaram Pradhan, Manmath Gharote
The children with intellectual disabilities show disorders at motor development and coordination. Hence, the objective of this study was to see the effect of yoga practices on psycho-motor abilities of intellectually disabled children. Seventy intellectually disabled children were divided into experimental group and control group. Both experimental and control group were assessed on the first day and after 12 weeks of the yoga intervention for static balance, eye hand coordination, agility and reaction time...
August 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Stefania Marzocco, Gholamreza Fazeli, Lucia Di Micco, Giuseppina Autore, Simona Adesso, Fabrizio Dal Piaz, August Heidland, Biagio Di Iorio
BACKGROUND: In end-stage renal disease (ESRD), gut-derived uremic toxins play a fundamental role in the systemic inflammation and oxidative stress promoting the excess morbidity and mortality. The biochemical derangement is in part a consequence of an insufficient generation of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) due to the dysbiosis of the gut and an insufficient consumption of the fermentable complex carbohydrates. AIM OF THE STUDY: The primary end-point was to evaluate the potential efficacy of SCFA (specifically, sodium propionate (SP)) for patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) on systemic inflammation...
September 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Thao-Ly T Phan, Jared M Tucker, Robert Siegel, Amy L Christison, William Stratbucker, Lloyd N Werk, Jobayer Hossain, George Datto, Douglas A Gentile, Sam Stubblefield
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of severe obesity and electronic game use among youth has increased over time. METHODS: We administered a survey assessing gaming and psycho-demographic characteristics to youth aged 11-17 attending five weight management programs. We conducted chi-square and logistic regression analyses to describe the association between class 3 severe obesity and gaming characteristics. RESULTS: Four hundred twelve youth (51% female, 26% Black, 25% Hispanic, 43% White, and 44% with class 3 severe obesity) completed the survey...
September 29, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Hans-Peter Kapfhammer
Traumata, by definition, refer to exterior events that expose a person to experiences of overwhelming threat and catastrophe and elicit feelings of death anxiety, panic, horror, helplessness, loss of personal control, and intractability. Most affected persons respond with at least some distressing symptoms of trauma-related memory intrusions, autonomic hyperarousal, dissociation, and depression in the acute aftermath. Fortunately, the majority of traumatized individuals succeed in coping with this major stress quite well during the following weeks and months unless the process of recovery is hampered by additional adverse psychosocial circumstances, psychological disposition or biological vulnerability...
September 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
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