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Object Relation

Dario Cecilio-Fernandes, Wouter Kerdijk, André J Bremers, Wytze Aalders, René A Tio
PURPOSE: It is assumed that case-based questions require higher order cognitive processing, whereas questions that are not case-based require lower order cognitive processing. In this study, we investigated to what extent case-based questions and questions that are not case-based, relate to Bloom's taxonomy. METHODS: In this article, 4800 questions of the Progress Test were classified whether it was a case-based question and the level of Bloom's taxonomy. Lower-order questions require students to remember or/and basically understand the knowledge...
2018: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Guilherme F Mendes, Daniel R Stuginski, Selene M C Loibel, Karen de Morais-Zani, Marisa Maria T da Rocha, Wilson Fernandes, Sávio S Sant'Anna, Kathleen F Grego
Envenoming and deaths resulting from snakebites are a particularly important public health problem in rural tropical areas of Africa, Asia, Latin America and New Guinea. In 2015 The Lancet highlighted snake-bite envenoming as a neglected tropical disease and urged the world to increase antivenom production. In Brazil around 20,000 snakebites occur per year affecting mostly agricultural workers and children, of which 1% are caused by coral snakes (Micrurus sp). Although human envenoming by coral snakes are relatively rare due to their semifossorial habits and non-aggressive behavior, they are always considered severe due to the neurotoxic, myotoxic, hemorrhagic and cardiovascular actions of their venom, which is highly toxic when compared to the venom of other Brazilian venomous snakes as Bothrops sp (pit vipers), Crotalus sp (rattlesnakes) and Lachesis sp (bushmasters)...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Adam G Rouse, Marc H Schieber
Neural population space analysis was performed to assess the dimensionality and dynamics of the neural population in the primary motor cortex (M1) during a reach-grasp-manipulation task in which both the reach location and the object being grasped were varied. We partitioned neural activity into three components: (1) general task-related activity independent of location and object, (2) location- and/or object-related activity, and (3) noise. Neural modulation related to location and/or object was only one-third the size of either general task modulation or noise...
December 11, 2018: Cell Reports
Daniel A Shock, David L Renaud, Steven M Roche, Robert Poliquin, Merle E Olson
Parturition is a painful event experienced by cows at the onset of lactation. This pain could lead to a reduced feed intake, altered metabolic and immunological status, and a host of other diseases that could seriously limit her productive herd lifespan. The objective of the current study was to assess the effect of administration of a single dose of oral meloxicam, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), on the production and health status of cows during their lactation. A total of 2,653 (1,009 meloxicam-treated and 1,644 untreated control) cows were enrolled across 20 herds in the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, Canada...
2018: PloS One
Raffaele De Caterina, Peter Kelly, Pedro Monteiro, Jean Claude Deharo, Carlo de Asmundis, Esteban López-de-Sá, Thomas W Weiss, Johannes Waltenberger, Jan Steffel, Joris R de Groot, Pierre Levy, Ameet Bakhai, Wolfgang Zierhut, Petra Laeis, Paul-Egbert Reimitz, Paulus Kirchhof
AIM: Edoxaban, a nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant, is an oral factor Xa inhibitor approved for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in adult patients with atrial fibrillation and for the treatment and secondary prevention in adult patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study details the design of the Edoxaban Treatment in routiNe clinical prActice for patients with Atrial Fibrillation in Europe (ETNA-AF-Europe) study - a postauthorization observational study, which is part of the postapproval plan for edoxaban agreed with the European Medicines Agency...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Romain Barthélémy, Arthur Neuschwander, Fatou Dramé, Maximilien Redouté, David Ditchi, Jules Stern, Alexandre Mebazaa, Romain Pirracchio, Benjamin G Chousterman
BACKGROUND: The ability of the pressure recording analytical method (PRAM) in tracking change in cardiac output (ΔCO) after a fluid challenge in ICU needs to be evaluated with the most contemporary comparison methods recommended by experts. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to report the trending ability of PRAM in tracking ΔCO after a fluid challenge in ICU and to compare this with oesophageal Doppler monitoring (ODM). DESIGN: Prospective, observational study...
December 11, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Antti J K Väisänen, Marko Hyttinen, Sampsa Ylönen, Lauri Alonen
The aim of this study was to measure the concentrations of gaseous and particulate contaminants originated from additive manufacturing operations and post-processes in an occupational setting when plastics were used as feedstock materials. Secondary aims were to evaluate the concentration levels based on proposed exposure limits and target values and to propose means to reduce exposure to contaminants released in additive manufacturing processes. Volatile organic compounds were sampled with Tenax® TA adsorption tubes and analyzed with thermo desorption gas chromatography-mass spectrometry instrument...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
D Ezra, R Shulhani, I Bar Ya'akov, R Harel-Beja, D Holland, D Shtienberg
Heart rot, caused by Alternaria alternata, is a major pomegranate disease that impacts production worldwide; most fruits in orchards are colonized by A. alternata but, nevertheless, symptoms are apparent on only a small proportion of the colonized fruits. During the years of our previous research it was noticed that within individual orchards, the incidence of pomegranate fruits exhibiting heart rot symptoms was related to the visual appearance of the trees: trees that appeared visually frail bore more diseased fruits than robust trees...
December 12, 2018: Plant Disease
Margareth Zanchetta, Christian Mesenge, Arel Hanel, Marie Petuelle Elisme
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to analyze how graduates, coming from low income Francophone countries, of the Master in International Health and Nutrition Policies program at the Senghor University are a new human capital bringing an original contribution to the global development of African communities. METHODS: A secondary analysis of qualitative findings responded to the research question about the evidences of the impact of this new human capital over the community development of countries where the graduates worked...
October 22, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Claudemiro Quireze Junior, Andressa Machado Santana Brasil, Lúcio Kenny Morais, Edmond Raymond Le Campion, Eliseu José Fleury Taveira, Matheus Castrillon Rassi
BACKGROUND: Liver metastases from colorectal cancer are an important public health problem due to the increasing incidence of colorectal cancer worldwide. Synchronous colorectal liver metastasis has been associated with worse survival, but this prognosis is controversial. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the recurrence-free survival and overall survival between groups of patients with metachronous and synchronous colorectal hepatic metastasis...
July 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Cláudio José de Souza, Zenith Rosa Silvino
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the production of the Professional Master's Program in Nursing Care Management of the Federal University of Santa Catarina, between 2013 and 2016. METHOD: electronic documental research. After data collection, we analyzed the numbers of defenses in relation to what was predicted by the respective public notices; as well as sex, training time and professional area of the authors; scenario, context and research line; general objective, analysis support model, methodological approach, instruments/techniques of data collection, and technique of analysis; and, finally, technological productions...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Julia Penna-Coutinho, Anna Cc Aguiar, Antoniana Ursine Krettli/
BACKGROUND The main strategy to control human malaria still relies on specific drug treatment, limited now by Plasmodium falciparum-resistant parasites, including that against artemisinin derivatives. Despite the large number of active compounds described in the literature, few of them reached full development against human malaria. Drug repositioning is a fast and less expensive strategy for antimalarial drug discovery, because these compounds are already approved for human use. OBJECTIVES To identify new antimalarial drugs from compounds commercially available and used for other indications...
December 6, 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Eduardo Henrique Pirolla, Gabriel Pavani Patriota, Fernanda Junqueira Cesar Pirolla, Felipe Piccarone Gonçalves Ribeiro, Marina Guitton Rodrigues, Layla Riva Ismail, Raquel Mezzalira Ruano
INTRODUCTION: Inguinal hernia is one of the most frequent surgical diseases. Currently, with the advantages of minimally invasive surgery, new questions arise: what will be the best approach for correction of inguinal hernia? Is there real benefit to the robotic approach? OBJECTIVE: To compile results of the published studies that used the robot-assisted technique in the repair of inguinal hernia, analyzing its limitations, complications and comparing it with those of the pre-existing techniques...
December 6, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Francesco Sulla, Melania Lachimia, Lucrezia Barbieri, Antonella Gigantiello, Concetta Iraci, Giulia Virgili, Giovanna Artioli, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Numerous negative outcomes of inadequate pain management among children have been cited in the literature. Inadequate pain management may be particularly detrimental to children and adolescents facing life-threatening injury or illness on a Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). It is therefore absolutely necessary that professionals utilize effective and efficient tools in order to evaluate a person's sensations of pain in the most objective way possible...
December 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Alejandro Camacho Alpuente, Francisca Anaya Cintas, Chiara Foà, Chiara Cosentino
BACKGROUND: Thousands of caregivers around the world take care of impaired people, with negative repercussions on their physical, psychological, social and economic resources. The need to promote caregivers' wellbeing is internationally recognized, thus reducing health inequalities. Mindfulness is a powerful tool, directly related to the reduction of stress, able to increase skills and attitudes promoting well-being. The basis of this project of community development based on active health, is the self-care achieved through mindfulness...
December 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Dimpymoni Saikia, Sultana Jesmin Ahmed, Hiranya Saikia, Ratna Sarma
Background: Body mass index (BMI) is one of the most commonly used indices to measure the weight status of an individual. However, it takes only height and weight of individual into account. The relative body composition can be calculated regardless of height and weight by body fat percentage (BF%). Objectives: The objectives of the study are (1) To assess the prevalence of obesity using BMI and BF% among early adolescents studying in schools of Dibrugarh. (2) To assess the relationship between BMI and BF%...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Rong Huang, Juan Ma, Bo Niu, Jin Li, Jian Chang, Yanrui Zhang, Peng Liu, Xinping Luan
Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability globally and has been regarded as a major public health problem. Understanding the mechanism of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced oxidative stress injury may provide new treatment for ischemic stroke. Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)/ NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/ antioxidant response elements (ARE) signaling pathway has been considered to be the major cellular defense against oxidative stress. In the present study, our objective is to evaluate the molecular mechanism of miR-34b/Keap1 in modulating focal cerebral I/R induced oxidative injury...
January 2019: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Rebecca J Baer, Vincenzo Berghella, Louis J Muglia, Mary E Norton, Larry Rand, Kelli K Ryckman, Laura L Jelliffe-Pawlowski, Monica R McLemore
Objective Evaluate risk of preterm birth (PTB, < 37 completed weeks' gestation) among a population of women in their second pregnancy with previous full term birth but other adverse pregnancy outcome. Methods The sample included singleton live born infants between 2007 and 2012 in a birth cohort file maintained by the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. The sample was restricted to women with two pregnancies resulting in live born infants and first birth between 39 and 42 weeks' gestation...
December 11, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kathleen Huth, Sarah Schwartz, Shelly-Anne Li, Natalie Weiser, Sanjay Mahant, Christopher P Landrigan, Nancy D Spector, Amy J Starmer, Daniel C West, Maitreya Coffey, Zia Bismilla
Direct observation of clinical skills is central to assessment in a competency-based medical education model, yet little is known about how direct observation is experienced by trainees and observers. The objective of the study is to explore how direct observation was experienced by residents and faculty in the context of the I-PASS Handoff Study. In this multi-center qualitative study, we conducted focus groups and semi-structured interviews of residents and faculty members at eight tertiary pediatric centers in North America that implemented the I-PASS Handoff Bundle...
December 11, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Ashima Pyngottu, Helene Werner, Phaedra Lehmann, Christian Balmer
The absence of cardiac symptoms, the improved exercise tolerance and the increased life expectancy are the advantages of a successful cardiac device therapy. Nevertheless, the fact of a lifelong device dependency, the inherent possibility of device malfunction and the progression of the underlying heart disease may impact the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the psychological adjustment of these individuals. To date, an overview of findings on these topics is lacking. The objective of this study was to evaluate and summarize the current evidence on generic and disease-specific HRQoL and psychological adjustment in paediatric patients with a pacemaker (PM) or an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)...
December 11, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
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