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Jinrui Shi, Bruce J Drummond, Jeffrey E Habben, Norbert Brugiѐre, Ben P Weers, Salim M Hakimi, H Renee Lafitte, Jeffrey R Schussler, Hua Mo, Mary Beatty, Gina Zastrow-Hayes, Dennis O'Neill
Ethylene plays a critical role in many diverse processes in plant development. Recent studies have demonstrated that overexpressing the maize ARGOS8 gene reduces plant response to ethylene by decreasing ethylene signaling, enhancing grain yield in the transgenic maize plants. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of ethylene on the development of nodal roots which are primarily responsible for root lodging resistance in maize. Exogenously applied ACC, the ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid, was found to promote nodal root emergence...
October 16, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Jessica Krebs, Sonja Wasner, Sainab Egloffstein, Michael P Lux, Eva Morawa, Matthias W Beckmann, Yesim Erim
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to find out about psychological distress, fear of progression, and resilience levels in patients with breast cancer and gynecological tumors asking for a second opinion concerning their oncological treatment. METHODS: 158 female cancer patients were assessed for those parameters in a questionnaire survey comprising SOC-13, FoP-Q-SF, and the NCCN distress thermometer. RESULTS: 16.2% of the breast cancer patients and 20...
October 16, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Eva Lehtonen, Harshadkumar Patel, Sierra Phillips, Martim Correia Pinto, Sameer Naranje, Ashish Shah
INTRODUCTION/AIM: Recent comparisons of suture versus metal staple skin closure on the rates of wound complications in orthopaedic surgeries have yielded conflicting results. Several studies have since started to approach this question based on anatomic location, comparing suture versus staple closure in total hip and knee arthroplasty and acetabulum fracture surgery. Ankle fractures are one of the most commonly treated fractures by orthopaedic surgeons with unique challenges to skin closure due to the lack of subcutaneous support...
August 22, 2018: Foot
Megan G Lorenz, Jodie M Plumert
This investigation examined how prototypicality affects mother-child communication about relative proximity. In the first two experiments, mothers of 2.5-, 3.0-, and 3.5-year-old children verbally disambiguated a target hiding container from an identical non-target hiding container when the two containers were placed at a smaller (more prototypical) or larger (less prototypical) distance from a landmark. Children then searched for the hidden object. When the absolute distance was smaller, mothers used more consistent frames of reference in their directions and even 2...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Haisong Yang, Ximing Xu, Jiangang Shi, Yongfei Guo, Jingchuan Sun, Guodong Shi, Yuan Wang
OBJECTIVE: The object of this study is to observe postoperative morphology of dura mater and analyze the probability of epidural haematoma (EH) after anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF). METHODS: Sixty-three patients diagnosed as ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and degenerative kyphosis and stenosis (DKS) underwent ACAF from 2016 to 2017. All these patients had undergone cervical plain films, CT and MRI. The operation duration, blood loss and hospital stay were estimated...
October 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Felix J Hüttner, Pascal Probst, Hannes G Kenngott, Phillip Knebel, Thilo Hackert, Alexis Ulrich, Markus W Büchler, Markus K Diener
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) remains a frequent problem especially after distal pancreatectomy. The application of 2-octyl cyanoacrylate showed promising results in the reduction of POPF after pancreatoduodenectomy prompting an expansion of this technique to distal pancreatectomy. Thus, the objective of the current study was to assess safety, feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an intraoperative 2-octyl cyanoacrylate application after distal pancreatectomy. METHODS: Between April 2015 and June 2016 adult patients scheduled for elective distal pancreatectomy were considered eligible for the study...
2018: PloS One
Naja Hulvej Rod, Agnete Skovlund Dissing, Alice Clark, Thomas Alexander Gerds, Rikke Lund
BACKGROUND: Round-the-clock use of smartphones holds a potential for awakenings and/or shorter sleep duration, which may have adverse health consequences. We aim to describe overnight smartphone activity among young adults and to characterize those with smartphone interrupted sleep in terms of sleep impairment and mental and physical health indicators. METHODS: We use unique objective high-resolution information on timing of smartphone activity (based on >250,000 phone actions) continuously monitored over a four-week period among 815 young adults combined with indicators of mental and physical health...
2018: PloS One
Carine Claeys, Vijayalakshmi Chandrasekaran, José García-Sicilia, Roman Prymula, Javier Díez-Domingo, Jerzy Brzostek, Josep Marès-Bermúdez, Federico Martinón-Torres, Andrew J Pollard, Renata Růžková, Alfonso Carmona Martinez, Angels Ulied, Mariano Miranda Valdivieso, Saul N Faust, Matthew D Snape, Damien Friel, Thierry Ollinger, Jyoti Soni, Anne Schuind, Ping Li, Bruce L Innis, Varsha K Jain
BACKGROUND: It has not yet been demonstrated whether two doses of inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine (IIV4) prime a booster response in infants. We evaluated the anamnestic immune response to an IIV4 in children aged 17-48 months. METHODS: Children were randomized to two doses of IIV4 or control in the primary phase III study (NCT01439360). One year later, in an open-label revaccination extension study (NCT01702454), a subset of children who received IIV4 in the primary study (primed group) received one IIV4 dose and children who received control in the primary study (unprimed) received two IIV4 doses 28 days apart...
October 15, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Sravisht Iyer, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Henry Ofori Duah, Kwadwo Poku Yankey, Rufai Mahmud, Irene Wulff, Henry Osei Tutu, Harry Akoto
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Review of Prospective Cohort OBJECTIVE.: We sought to examine the role of halo gravity traction (HGT) in reducing pre-operative surgical risk SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: The impact of HGT on procedure choice, preoperative risk factors and surgical complications has not been previously described. METHODS: Patients treated with HGT before primary surgery were included. The FOCOS Score (FS) was used to quantify operative risk. FS was calculated using patient-factors (PtF; ASIA, BMI, Etiology), procedure-factors (PcF; osteotomy planned, # of levels fused, etc...
October 15, 2018: Spine
Diana Medeiros Andrade, Gabriela Fernandes, Renato Miranda, Danilo Reis Coimbra, Maurício G Bara Filho
Andrade, DM, Fernandes, G, Miranda, R, Reis Coimbra, D, and Bara Filho, MG. Training load and recovery in volleyball during a competitive season. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The objective of this study was to analyze the training load (TL) and recovery status (RS) of a volleyball team in different periods of the season. Fifteen male athletes participated in the study. Training load was quantified through the rate of perceived exertion of session. The total weekly TL of the preparatory period (PP), competitive period I (CPI), and competitive period II (CPII) was calculated...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Yue Guan, Debra L Roter, Lori H Erby, Jennifer L Wolff, Laura N Gitlin, J Scott Roberts, Robert C Green, Kurt D Christensen
The objective of this study was to identify how features of Alzheimer's disease (AD) genetic risk disclosure communication relate to patient and visit companion satisfaction. We conducted secondary analyses of 79 session recordings from the fourth REVEAL Study, a randomized-controlled trial of AD genetic risk disclosure among patients with mild cognitive impairment. Patient and companion satisfaction were ascertained from postdisclosure surveys. The Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS) was used to code triadic communication between the counselor, patient, and companion...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
Salvador Vilar Correia Lima, Evandilson Guenes Campos de Barros, Fabio de Oliveira Vilar, Flavia Cristina Morone Pinto, Thomé Décio Pinheiro Barros, José Carlos Truzzi, Luiz Gustavo M de Toledo, Francisco Kanasiro, João Luiz Amaro
PURPOSE: The objective of the present study is to test the efficiency and practicality of a new artificial sphincter "BR - SL - AS - 904" in the control of urinary incontinence in post - PR patients and to evaluate their complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with incontinence after one year of radical prostatectomy were included prospectively. All patients underwent artificial urethral sphincter (AUS) implant "BR - SL - AS - 904" according to established technique...
September 20, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Yeong Bin Kim, Kwang Won Seo, Hye Young Jeon, Suk-Kyung Lim, Haan Woo Sung, Young Ju Lee
Enterococcus faecalis is a ubiquitous intestinal bacterium in human and animals that can easily acquire antimicrobial resistance, which allows it to play the role of an antimicrobial resistance indicator. The objectives of this study were to characterize erythromycin and tetracycline-resistant E. faecalis isolated from retail chicken meats. A total of 149 among 335 E. faecalis isolates from 7 integrated broiler operations showed the simultaneous resistance to erythromycin and tetracycline, and more than 50% among 149 isolates showed multidrug resistance...
October 15, 2018: Poultry Science
Helen Tilbrook, Laura Clark, Liz Cook, Martin Bland, Hannah Buckley, Ian Chetter, Jo Dumville, Chris Fenner, Rachael Forsythe, Rhian Gabe, Keith Harding, Alison Layton, Ellie Lindsay, Catriona McDaid, Christine Moffatt, Debbie Rolfe, Illary Sbizzera, Gerard Stansby, David Torgerson, Peter Vowden, Laurie Williams, Robert Hinchliffe
BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers (VLUs) are the most common cause of leg ulceration, affecting 1 in 100 adults. VLUs may take many months to heal (25% fail to heal). Estimated prevalence is between 1% and 3% of the elderly population. Compression is the mainstay of treatment and few additional therapies exist to improve healing. Two previous trials have indicated that low-dose aspirin, as an adjunct to standard care, may improve healing time, but these trials were insufficiently robust. Aspirin is an inexpensive, widely used medication but its safety and efficacy in the treatment of VLUs remains to be established...
October 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Gianni Virgili, Mariacristina Parravano, Jennifer R Evans, Iris Gordon, Ersilia Lucenteforte
BACKGROUND: Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is a common complication of diabetic retinopathy. Antiangiogenic therapy with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) can reduce oedema, improve vision and prevent further visual loss. These drugs have replaced laser photocoagulation as the standard of care for people with DMO. OBJECTIVES: The 2014 update of this review found high-quality evidence of benefit with anti-VEGF modalities, compared to laser photocoagulation, for the treatment of DMO...
October 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
M L V Larsen, H M-L Andersen, L J Pedersen
Tail damage within the production of finisher pigs is an animal welfare problem. Recent research suggests that removal of known risk factors may not be enough to eliminate tail biting, especially in undocked pigs, thus a different strategy is worth investigating. This could be early detection of tail biting, using behavioural changes observed before tail damage. If these early stages of tail biting can be detected before tail damage occurs, then tail damage could be prevented by early interventions. The first step in developing such a strategy is to identify the types of behaviour changes that emerge during early stages of tail biting...
October 16, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Christina Luckhardt, Anne Kröger, Leyla Elsuni, Hannah Cholemkery, Stephan Bender, Christine M Freitag
Abnormalities in neurophysiological correlates of social perception are a well-known feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, little is known if and how ASD specific behavioral interventions may affect neural processing in ASD. The aim of the current study was to investigate for the first time, whether the group-based social skills training SOSTA-FRA would elicit changes in neurophysiological correlates of social perception in high-functioning ASD individuals aged 8-17 years. Event-related potentials (ERPs) of a facial emotion recognition (FER) and a biological motion perception task were examined...
October 15, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Malgorzata Szumacher-Strabel, Anna Stochmal, Adam Cieslak, Martyna Kozłowska, Dawid Kuznicki, Mariusz Kowalczyk, Wieslaw Oleszek
BACKGROUND: Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is an important legume used in animal feed. The primary objective in this study was to analyze and trace the individual saponins in fresh and ensiled alfalfa of ten varieties, with the aim of evaluating the structural changes undergone by saponins during ensiling. A secondary objective was to examine whether any of the changes in saponin content were associated with changes in the basic nutrient composition of the ensiled alfalfa. RESULTS: The total saponin concentration increased when the fresh alfalfa was processed into silage...
October 16, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Sanne Schreurs, Jennifer Cleland, Arno M M Muijtjens, Mirjam G A Oude Egbrink, Kitty Cleutjens
CONTEXT: Resources for medical education are becoming more constrained, whereas accountability in medical education is increasing. In this constrictive environment, medical schools need to consider and justify their selection procedures in terms of costs and benefits. To date, there have been no studies focusing on this aspect of selection. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine and compare the costs and benefits of two different approaches to admission into medical school: a tailored, multimethod selection process versus a lottery procedure...
October 15, 2018: Medical Education
Kuo-Tai Yang, Yi-Ling Lin, Yu-Xuen Lin, Sheng-Yao Wang, Yi-Hsieng Samuel Wu, Chung-Hsi Chou, Shih-Guei Fu, Yi-Chen Chen
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction is highly related to some human chronic diseases. There are approximately 400 metric tons of chalazae produced yearly after the processing of the liquid-egg production, which are disposed as waste. The objectives of this study were to look for the optimal production condition of antioxidant crude chalaza hydrolysates and evaluate the in vivo antioxidant capacity via a chronic alcohol-consumption mouse model. RESULTS: Antioxidant crude chalaza hydrolysates (CCH-As) could be produced by protease A at 1:100 ratio (w/w) and 0...
October 16, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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