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Military surgery

M Wang, L M Zheng, Q Q He, F Yu, P Zhou, G Wang, T Yue, D Y Zhuang, Z Y Fan, J Zhu, X F Dong, D Wang, X L Li, L Hou
Objective: To discuss the effect of obesity on the operation of thyroid gland surgery and surgical results. Method: The clinical data of 446 patients who underwent robot thyroid surgery through bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) from the General Hospital of Jinan Military region from February 2014 to November 2017 were analyzed retrospectively, and the patients were divided into BMI<25 kg/m²; group, BMI 25-30 kg/m²; group and BMI>30 kg/m²; group according to body mass index (BMI). The operative complications were compared between the three groups of benign and malignant patients, such as operation time, postoperative lead flow, postoperative hospitalization time, tumor size (malignant), lymph node metastasis (malignant), cosmetic satisfaction score, laryngeal nerve injury and parathyroid function decrease...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Rafael De Ayala-Hillman, Nelson A Crespo-Martínez, Omar García-Rodríguez, Ediel O Ramos-Meléndez, Pablo Rodriguez-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: Temporary intravascular shunts (TIVSs) are commonly used as a damagecontrol procedure in trauma settings. Currently, there is scarce literature in the civilian field, and what there is is limited to large trauma centers with multiple resources. Therefore, we aimed to describe TIVS usage, and the outcomes of that usage, at Puerto Rico Trauma Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a case series conducted from 2009 to 2013 with 32 patients who suffered vascular trauma, of which 13 needed TIVSs...
December 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVEActive-duty neurosurgical coverage has been provided at Bagram Air Force Base in Afghanistan since 2007. Early operative logs were reflective of a large number of surgical procedures performed to treat battlefield injuries. However, with maturation of the war effort, the number of operations for battlefield injuries has decreased with time. Consequently, procedures performed for elective neurosurgical humanitarian care (NHC) increased in number and complexity prior to closure of the Korean Hospital in 2015, which resulted in effective termination of NHC at Bagram...
December 1, 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVEIn combat and austere environments, evacuation to a location with neurosurgery capability is challenging. A planning target in terms of time to neurosurgery is paramount to inform prepositioning of neurosurgical and transport resources to support a population at risk. This study sought to examine the association of wait time to craniectomy with mortality in patients with severe combat-related brain injury who received decompressive craniectomy.METHODSPatients with combat-related brain injury sustained between 2005 and 2015 who underwent craniectomy at deployed surgical facilities were identified from the Department of Defense Trauma Registry and Joint Trauma System Role 2 Registry...
December 1, 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVEAdult spinal deformity surgery is an effective way of treating pain and disability, but little research has been done to evaluate the costs associated with changes in health outcome measures. This study determined the change in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and the cost per QALY in patients undergoing spinal deformity surgery in the unique environment of a military healthcare system (MHS).METHODSPatients were enrolled between 2011 and 2017. Patients were eligible to participate if they were undergoing a thoracolumbar spinal fusion spanning more than 6 levels to treat an underlying deformity...
December 1, 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVESymptomatic cervical spondylosis with or without radiculopathy can ground an active-duty military pilot if left untreated. Surgically treated cervical spondylosis may be a waiverable condition and allow return to flying status, but a waiver is based on expert opinion and not on recent published data. Previous studies on rates of return to active duty status following anterior cervical spine surgery have not differentiated these rates among military specialty occupations. No studies to date have documented the successful return of US military active-duty pilots who have undergone anterior cervical spine surgery with cervical fusion, disc replacement, or a combination of the two...
December 1, 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
John D Johnson, Laura A Chachula, Ryan J Bickley, Claude D Anderson, Paul M Ryan
Introduction: Literature on functional outcomes after ankle surgery is for the most part limited to return to sport studies. The purpose of this study was to determine occupational and functional outcomes following operative treatment of unstable ankle fractures in the active duty military population. Materials and Methods: All ankle fractures treated with open reduction internal fixation at a single institution from 2013 to 2015 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria included active duty personnel with a single-sided injury requiring operative management...
December 4, 2018: Military Medicine
M M Hasan, Y Zhen-Lin, M Jun-Yong
Biliary leakage is a postoperative complication of liver resection which may have considerable consequences. The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of post hepatectomy biliary leakage and to find out the preventive measures by systemic literature reviews. This observational study was conducted on 500 patients who required various forms of hepatic resection at the Department of Hepatic Surgery - 4, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital of The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China from September 2014 to July 2016...
October 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Z F Xia, S C Xiao, S D Ge
This paper briefly described the establishment and development of Department of Burn Surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Military Medical University (the former Changhai Hospital of the Second Military Medical University) over the past 60 years. After several generations of hard work and innovative development, our department has accumulated a wealth of experience and outstanding treatment effects in the treatment of severe burn and trauma patients. We have made great achievements in clinical practice, scientific development, and talent cultivation, as well as making important contribution to the development of burn and trauma medicine in Shanghai and even in China...
November 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Maj Andrew Hall, Darrin Speegle, Cdr Jacob Glaser
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this paper is to create a model to predict the amount of trauma experience at a level 1 trauma center a visiting surgeon can expect to obtain with near certainty, in a specific amount of time, to maintain trauma skills. DESIGN: The trauma database of level 1 trauma center (Saint Louis University Hospital, a military civilian partnership site) was examined to identify all urgent trauma cases between 1 October 2015 and 30 September 2017...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Peter Charles Rhee
Wide-awake hand surgery is versatile and can be performed in a variety of settings for various pathologies. The benefits associated with wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet hand surgery can be extremely beneficial in the military health care system. Military medicine focuses on supporting soldiers in areas of combat, providing humanitarian care to local nationals, and to delivering health care to active duty soldiers and veterans in the domestic setting. The ability to perform hand surgery without general or sedating anesthesia conserves limited anesthetic resources and allows patients to maintain situational awareness perioperatively...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
Sarah B Placek, Brenton R Franklin, E Matthew Ritter
OBJECTIVE: Higher emotional Intelligence (EI) is linked to improved doctor-patient relationships, empathy, teamwork, communication skills, stress management, and leadership in medicine. This study analyzes the effects of age, postgraduate year (PGY), gender, and prior military experience on EI in military general surgery residents, and compares these to the general population and civilian surgery residents. DESIGN: This is a retrospective, observational study. Results were analyzed using independent sample t test and linear regression to compare general surgery residents with the normative population and civilian general surgery residents...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Muhammad Jamil, Rashid Usman, Kishwar Ali
BACKGROUND: Patients with end stage renal disease need an accurate and effective vascular access for haemodialysis. This study was conducted to postulate a hypothesis that proximal arterio venous fistula (AVF) creation should be a gold standard in Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) patients with multiple co morbidities.. METHODS: A total of 230 patients reporting to Vascular Surgery Clinic in Combined Military Hospital Lahore and Peshawar from January 2014 to January 2016 for AVF creation, were included and equally divided into two groups by random draw method...
July 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Christine F W Vermeulen, Peter J Keijzers, Erik H W M Fredriks, Peter van der Hee, Oscar J F Van Waes, Rigo Hoencamp
INTRODUCTION: The Combined Joined Task Force - Operation Inherent Resolve is the military intervention of Iraq and Coalition Forces in the battle against Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Al Assad Airbase (AAAB) is one of the key airbases. It contains a Role 2 Medical Treatment Facility, primarily to perform Damage Control Surgery in Coalition Forces, Iraqi National Security Forces and Local Nationals. We present a six month medical exposure in order to provide insight into the treatment of casualties and to optimize medical planning of combat operations and (pre-/post-) deployment training...
November 3, 2018: Injury
Mohamed Said Belhamidi, Mohamed Sinaa, Abdessamad Kaoukabi, Hicham Krimou, Mohamed Menfaa, Farid Sakit, Abdelkrim Choho
Colorectal cancer is classified among the most common cancers in the world (after breast cancer and prostate cancer) and it is the second digestive tract cancer in Morocco after stomach cancer. However, its incidence in our country is lower than that of western countries (2.5 to 3.3 / 100 000 ha) but it coincides with that of Maghreb countries where this cancer affects young subjects in 27% of cases. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the best examples of multistep carcinogenesis. Knowing the anatomopathological characteristics of CRC will certainly affect our therapeutic approaches...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Dawei Zhang, Z Li, X Cao, B Li
INTRODUCTION: The Chinese Role 2 Hospital (CHN-Role 2H) Medical Treatment Facility (MTF) was founded in July 2013 as part of the Chinese commitment to Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). It provides medical care for approximately 5200 personnel of the whole Sector East of MINUSMA including UN military personnel, UN police and UN civilian staff. The aim of this study was to determine the orthopaedic surgical activity over a 4-year period to facilitate the training of future Chinese military surgical teams...
November 14, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Mark P. DaCambra, Raymond L. Kao, Christopher Berger, Vivian C. McAlister
Background: The Canadian Armed Forces deployed a Role 2 Medical Treatment Facility (R2MTF) to Iraq in November 2016 as part of Operation IMPACT. We compared the multinational interoperability required of this R2MTF with that of similar facilities previously deployed by Canada or other nations. Methods: We reviewed data (Nov. 4, 2016, to Oct. 3, 2017) from the electronic Disease and Injury Surveillance Report and the Daily Medical Situation Report. Clinical activity was stratified by Global Burden of Diseases category, ICD-10 code, mechanism of injury, services used, encounter type, nationality and blood product usage...
December 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
D E Alekseev, E D Alekseev, D V Svistov
The need in replacement of a dura mater (DM) defect occurs in more than 40% of cerebral interventions. Various artificial DM substitutes facilitate solving this problem; however, their efficacy compared to that of patient autogenous tissues has been poorly understood. AIM: We aimed to study the efficacy of various substitutes in repair of dura mater defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included patients with various intracranial pathologies who were operated on at the Neurosurgery Clinic of the Military Medical Academy in the period between 2010 and 2017, and who underwent repair of the DM during surgery...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
William Arroyo, Jennifer Misenhimer, Eric J Cotter, Kevin C Wang, Kenneth Heida, Mark P Pallis, Brian R Waterman
This study evaluated the role of anchor position in persistence of pain and/or revision biceps tenodesis after arthroscopic repair of type II superior labrum anterior and posterior (SLAP) lesions and assessed for patient- and injury-specific variables influencing clinical outcomes. Active-duty service members who underwent arthroscopic repair of type II SLAP lesions between March 1, 2007, and January 23, 2012, were identified. Patients with less than 2-year clinical follow-up; type I, III, and IV SLAP lesions; and primary treatment with biceps tenodesis and/or rotator cuff repair at the time of index surgery were excluded...
November 7, 2018: Orthopedics
Rachel M Russo, Joseph M Galante, John B Holcomb, Warren Dorlac, Jason Brocker, David R King, M Margaret Knudson, Thomas M Scalea, Michael L Cheatham, Raymond Fang
Care during mass casualty events (MCE) has improved during the last 15 years. Military and civilian collaboration has led to partnerships which augment the response to MCE. Much has been written about strategies to deliver care during an MCE, but there is little about how to transition back to normal operations after an event. A panel discussion entitled The Day(s) After: Lessons Learned from Trauma Team Management in the Aftermath of an Unexpected Mass Casualty Event at the 76th Annual American Association for the Surgery of Trauma meeting on September 13, 2017 brought together a cadre of military and civilian surgeons with experience in MCEs...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
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