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Modes of Mechanical ventilation 2017

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30439312/-comparison-of-the-effect-of-cpap-pps-mode-and-cpap-asb-mode-in-weaning-on-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#1
Chengfen Yin, Xinjing Gao, Zhibo Li, Jie Zhang, Lei Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different appropriate modes of weaning from mechanical ventilation (MV) in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). METHODS: Patients with AECOPD and mechanically ventilated by orotracheal intubation, suitable for continuous positive airway pressure+proportional pressure support (CPAP+PPS) and CPAP+assisted spontaneous breath (ASB) ventilation mode for weaning from MV, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Tianjin Third Central Hospital form January 1st, 2016 to December 31st, 2017 were enrolled...
October 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30237974/outcomes-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-adult-patients-with-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure-refractory-to-mechanical-ventilation
#2
Elisabet Periche Pedra, Melinda Rita Koborzan, Fabrizio Sbraga, Arnau Blasco Lucas, David Toral SepĂșlveda
Introduction: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a mode of extracorporeal life support that has been used to support cardiopulmonary disease refractory to conventional therapy. The experience with the use of ECMO in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure is still limited. The aim of this study was to report clinical outcomes in adult patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure refractory to mechanical ventilation treated with ECMO. Methods: Between July 2011 and October 2017, 18 adult patients with hypoxemic respiratory failure refractory to mechanical ventilation were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of an acute care tertiary hospital in Barcelona, Spain...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210024/-a-comparative-study-of-two-ventilation-modes-in-the-weaning-phase-of-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#3
Wen-Qiang Liu, Yan Xu, Ai-Min Han, Ling-Jian Meng, Jun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy between synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) and pressure support ventilation with volume guarantee (PSV+VG) in the weaning phase of preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: Forty preterm infants with RDS who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between March 2016 and May 2017 were enrolled as subjects. All infants were born at less than 32 weeks' gestation and received mechanical ventilation...
September 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898763/non-invasive-high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-versus-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-multi-center-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Xing-Wang Zhu, Yuan Shi, Li-Ping Shi, Ling Liu, Jiang Xue, Rangasamy Ramanathan
BACKGROUND: Invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) is associated with the development of adverse pulmonary and non-pulmonary outcomes in very premature infants. Various modes of non-invasive respiratory support are increasingly being used to decrease the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The aim of this trial is to compare the effect of non-invasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (NHFOV) and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) as a primary non-invasive ventilation support mode...
June 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594463/traumatic-brain-injury-in-indian-children
#5
REVIEW
Krishna Chaitanya, Archana Addanki, Rajendra Karambelkar, Rakesh Ranjan
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and adolescents is a community-based medical and educational challenge world-over due to increasing urbanization and motorization. In India, children between 1 to 15 years constitute significant proportion of the total population, who are vulnerable for TBI. In developed countries, pediatric trauma mortality still represents more than half of all childhood fatalities, which is 18 times more common than brain tumors. In this study, we attempted to analyze epidemiological factors, management, and outcome of TBI in children at a tertiary care center in Pune, Maharashtra...
June 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276865/high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-versus-conventional-mechanical-ventilation-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ahmed El-Nawawy, Azza Moustafa, Hassan Heshmat, Ahmed Abouahmed
El-Nawawy A, Moustafa A, Heshmat H, Abouahmed A. High frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional mechanical ventilation in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome: A randomized controlled study. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 130-143. The aim of this prospective randomized study is to compare the outcomes of the early use of either high frequency oscillation (HFO) or conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in patients with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS). We allocated two hundred PARDS patients over 5 years in 1:1 ratio to either mode...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077984/neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-compared-to-other-forms-of-triggered-ventilation-for-neonatal-respiratory-support
#7
REVIEW
Thomas E Rossor, Katie A Hunt, Sandeep Shetty, Anne Greenough
BACKGROUND: Effective synchronisation of infant respiratory effort with mechanical ventilation may allow adequate gas exchange to occur at lower peak airway pressures, potentially reducing barotrauma and volutrauma and development of air leaks and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. During neurally adjusted ventilatory assist ventilation (NAVA), respiratory support is initiated upon detection of an electrical signal from the diaphragm muscle, and pressure is provided in proportion to and synchronous with electrical activity of the diaphragm (EADi)...
October 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039883/volume-targeted-versus-pressure-limited-ventilation-in-neonates
#8
REVIEW
Claus Klingenberg, Kevin I Wheeler, Naomi McCallion, Colin J Morley, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Damage caused by lung overdistension (volutrauma) has been implicated in the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Modern neonatal ventilation modes can target a set tidal volume as an alternative to traditional pressure-limited ventilation (PLV) using a fixed inflation pressure. Volume-targeted ventilation (VTV) aims to produce a more stable tidal volume in order to reduce lung damage and stabilise the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2 ). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether VTV compared with PLV leads to reduced rates of death and death or BPD in newborn infants and to determine whether use of VTV affected outcomes including air leak, cranial ultrasound findings and neurodevelopment...
October 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743339/-predictive-value-of-ultrasonic-diaphragm-thickening-fraction-on-successful-weaning-for-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis-crisis
#9
Qiang Sun, Feng Shan, Hai Dong, Yan Jiang, Yongmei Sun, Yunbo Sun
OBJECTIVE: To confirm the predictive value of diaphragm thickening fraction (DTF) on successful weaning by bedside ultrasound in patients with myasthenia gravis crisis. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted. The patients with myasthenia gravis crisis undergoing mechanical ventilation admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from March 2015 to February 2017 were enrolled. All patients underwent a low level pressure support mode of spontaneous breathing test (SBT), and rapid shallow breathing index (RSBI) was recorded...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645964/the-predictive-value-of-serial-changes-in-diaphragm-function-during-the-spontaneous-breathing-trial-for-weaning-outcome-a-study-protocol
#10
Pengmin Zhou, Zhongheng Zhang, Yucai Hong, Huabo Cai, Hui Zhao, Peifeng Xu, Yiming Zhao, Shengping Lin, Xuchang Qin, JiaWei Guo, Yun Pan, Junru Dai
INTRODUCTION: There is a variety of tools being used in clinical practice for the prediction of weaning success from mechanical ventilation. However, their diagnostic performances are less than satisfactory. The purpose of this study is to investigate the value of serial changes in diaphragm function measured by ultrasound during the spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) as a weaning predictor. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective observational study conducted in a 10-bed medical emergency intensive care unit (EICU) in a university-affiliated hospital...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
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