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Zhe Tu, Yuan Yuan Jia, Tao Wang, Hang Qu, Jun Xi Pan, Jie Jie, Xiao Yan Xu, Hai Yang Wang, Peng Xie
Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is mediated by chronic dysregulation of complex neural circuits, particularly the specific neurotransmitters or other neural substrates. Recently, both increases and decreases in resting-state functional connectivity have been observed in patients with MDD. However, previous research has only assessed the functional connectivity within a specific network or some regions of interests, without considering the modulatory effects of the entire brain regions...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Carolette R Norwood
Who will revere the Black woman? Who will keep our neighborhoods safe for Black innocent womanhood? Black womanhood is outraged and humiliated. Black womanhood cries for dignity and restitution and salvation. Black womanhood wants and needs protection, and keeping, and holding. Who will assuage her indignation? Who will keep her precious and pure? Who will glorify and proclaim her beautiful image? To whom will she cry rape? Abbey Lincoln, 1970.
2018: Frontiers
Randal D Koster, Wade T Crow, Rolf H Reichle, Sarith P Mahanama
Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Level-2 soil moisture retrievals collected during 2015-2017 are used in isolation to estimate 10-day warm-season precipitation and streamflow totals within 145 medium-sized (2,000-10,000 km2 ) unregulated watersheds in the conterminous United States. The precipitation estimation algorithm, derived from a well documented approach, includes a locally-calibrated loss function component that significantly improves its performance. For the basin-scale water budget analysis, the precipitation and streamflow algorithms are calibrated with two years of SMAP retrievals in conjunction with observed precipitation and streamflow data and are then applied to SMAP retrievals alone during a third year...
July 2018: Water Resources Research
Vaclav Kremen, Benjamin H Brinkmann, Inyong Kim, Hari Guragain, Mona Nasseri, Abigail L Magee, Tal Pal Attia, Petr Nejedly, Vladimir Sladky, Nathanial Nelson, Su-Youne Chang, Jeffrey A Herron, Tom Adamski, Steven Baldassano, Jan Cimbalnik, Vince Vasoli, Elizabeth Fehrmann, Tom Chouinard, Edward E Patterson, Brian Litt, Matt Stead, Jamie Van Gompel, Beverly K Sturges, Hang Joon Jo, Chelsea M Crowe, Timothy Denison, Gregory A Worrell
Brain stimulation has emerged as an effective treatment for a wide range of neurological and psychiatric diseases. Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, and essential tremor have FDA indications for electrical brain stimulation using intracranially implanted electrodes. Interfacing implantable brain devices with local and cloud computing resources have the potential to improve electrical stimulation efficacy, disease tracking, and management. Epilepsy, in particular, is a neurological disease that might benefit from the integration of brain implants with off-the-body computing for tracking disease and therapy...
2018: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
Nicholas P Greene, Elise Kaplan, Allister Crow, Vassilis Koronakis
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.00950.].
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Jason Han, Hao Xiang, William E Ridley, Lloyd J Ridley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Hao Xiang, Jason Han, William E Ridley, Lloyd J Ridley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Kyle T Gabriel, Leila Kartforosh, Sidney A Crow, Christopher T Cornelison
Fungal pathogens are a growing worldwide concern. Declines in a number of economically and agriculturally important plant and animal species pose a significant threat to both biodiversity and food security. Although many effective antifungal agents have been identified, their toxicity often precludes their use with food products or sensitive animal species. This has prompted the exploration of natural products as effective treatment compounds. In the present study, several essential oils were tested for their capacity to limit the growth of the fungal pathogens Ascosphaera apis and Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the causative agents of chalkbrood disease among honey bee larvae and white-nose syndrome among bats, respectively...
October 10, 2018: Mycopathologia
A M English, D A Kenny, C J Byrne, H Sauerwein, C Urh, M A Crowe, C Staub, S M Waters, S Fair
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of nutrition during the first 18 weeks of life on the physiological and transcriptional functionality of the hypothalamic (arcuate nucleus region), anterior pituitary and testes in Holstein–Friesian bull calves. Holstein–Friesian bull calves with a mean (±S.D.) age and bodyweight of 19 (±8.2) days and 47.5 (±5.3) kg, respectively, were assigned to either a HIGH (n = 10) or LOW (n = 10) plane of nutrition, to achieve an overall target growth rate of 1...
October 1, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Sorena Lo, Lee Ann MacMillan-Crow, Nirmala Parajuli
Identification of renal cold storage (CS)-related pathways that lead to renal damage after transplantation (Tx) will help us design new pathway-specific therapies to improve graft outcome. Our recent report showed that mitochondrial function was compromised after CS alone, and this was exacerbated when CS was combined with Tx (CS/Tx). The goal of this study was to determine whether proteasome pathways are involved with exacerbation of mitochondrial dysfunction after CS/Tx. Kidneys of male rats and NRK cells were exposed to CS/Tx or rewarming (CS/RW), respectively...
October 10, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Peihui Wu, Qiaoli Liu, Ming Fu, Zhiqi Zhang, Suiwen He, Weiming Liao, Yan Kang
OBJECTS: To investigate the value of CT-based 3D templating software for pre-operative planning in patients with acetabular dysplasia undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a single surgeon's cohort of patients with Crowe I to III developmental dysplastic hip (49 hips in 41 patients) who underwent cementless primary THA and were available for follow-up at a mean of 2.7 years after THA...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
A L Schaefer, K Ominski, S Thompson, G Crow, C Bench, J Colyn, A Rodas-Gonzalez, D Maharjan, R Bollum, N J Cook, J Basarab, H von Gaza
The efficiency by which animals utilize dietary energy is fundamental to the cost of production for protein of animal origin and to the carbon footprint an animal industry has. Hence, the development of cost effective methodology for determining these measurements of efficiency is important. The objective of the present study was to investigate the use of infrared thermography in a rapid, non-steady state method for measuring energy loss in cattle. Data from 241 yearling bulls and steers as well as heifers and mature cows are presented...
October 2018: Heliyon
Emeir M McSorley, Alison J Yeates, Maria S Mulhern, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Katherine Grzesik, Sally W Thurston, Toni Spence, William Crowe, Philip W Davidson, Grazyna Zareba, Gary J Myers, Gene E Watson, Conrad F Shamlaye, J J Strain
PROBLEM: Maternal methylmercury (MeHg) exposure may be associated with immune response during pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY: In the high fish-eating Seychelles Child Development Study Nutrition Cohort 2, we examined the association between maternal MeHg, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and immune markers (Th1:Th2; TNF-α, IL-1β, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, MCP-1, TARC, sFlt-1, VEGF-D, CRP and IL-6) at 28 weeks' gestation. Linear regression examined associations between MeHg exposure and immune markers with and without adjustment for PUFA...
September 17, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Jun-Ichi Fukushi, Ichiro Kawano, Goro Motomura, Satoshi Hamai, Ken-Ichi Kawaguchi, Yasuharu Nakashima
BACKGROUND: In total hip arthroplasty (THA), placing the cup in an anatomic position is not always possible in case of deformities related to developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Thus far, the influence of a hip center on the abductor moment after THA has not been clearly elucidated. Therefore, we performed a retrospective study to assess (1) how abductor muscle moment recovers postoperatively in THA and (2) whether acetabular cup position affects the recovery of abductor moment...
October 3, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Ashley H Ng, Timothy C Crowe, Kylie Ball, Bodil Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is marked by transitions that impact diabetes self-management behaviors, which require ongoing diabetes education and support. Traditional diabetes education programs and services currently do not meet the needs of many young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) as they continue to fall through the cracks of clinical services. Age-centered diabetes education programs and services present an opportunity for young adults to meet in a supportive environment and gain a better understanding about diabetes management...
November 30, 2017: JMIR diabetes
Sheikh Tahajjul Taufique, Abhilash Prabhat, Vinod Kumar
Our previous studies have shown that light at night (LAN) impaired cognitive performance and affected neurogenesis and neurochemistry in the cognition-associated brain regions, particularly the hippocampus (HP) and lateral caudal nidopallium (NCL) of Indian house crows (Corvus splendens). Here, we examined the cytoarchitecture and mapped out the morphology of neurons and glia-neuron density in HP and NCL regions of crows that were first entrained to 12-hr light (LL): 12-hr darkness (LD) and then exposed to the light regime in which 12-hr darkness was either replaced by daytime light (i...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Matthew Fisher, Colin MacDougall, Patrick Harris, Dennis McDermott, Dora Marinova
INTRODUCTION: A well-established body of literature demonstrates that health and equity are strongly influenced by the consequences of governments' policy and resultant actions (or inactions) outside the health sector. Consequently, the United Nations, and its agency the WHO, have called for national leadership and whole-of-government action to understand and address the health impacts of policies in all sectors. This research responds to that call by investigating how policymaking in four sectors-urban planning, justice, energy and environment-may influence the social determinants of health and health equity (SDH/HE)...
October 4, 2018: BMJ Open
Michael B Lewis
Botulinum toxin (BTX) injections reduce muscle mobility and are commonly used to treat the appearance of glabellar frown lines. Research shows that this cosmetic treatment leads to a reduction in depression. This reduction is consistent with the theory of embodied emotions because patients have a reduced ability to frown and so receive less negative feedback associated with this action. The current research explored this effect and three further hypotheses for the effects of cosmetic BTX injections based on embodied emotions...
October 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Coralie Briand, Marie-Louise Frémond, Didier Bessis, Aurélia Carbasse, Gillian I Rice, Vincent Bondet, Darragh Duffy, Lucienne Chatenoud, Stéphane Blanche, Yanick J Crow, Bénédicte Neven
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Hoon Jang, Mustafa Ozkaynak, Turgay Ayer, Marion R Sills
OBJECTIVES: Acute asthma exacerbations are among the most common reasons for childhood emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. Although early ED administration of asthma medication has been shown to decrease hospitalizations, studies of factors associated with early ED asthma medication delivery have been limited. The objective of our study was to identify patient- and ED-related factors associated with early medication delivery among children treated in the ED for asthma exacerbations...
October 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
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