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Carol Margolis, Maja Zakošek Pipan, Jolie Demchur, Matan Or, Paula Henthorn, Margret L Casal
Case series summary: The congenital midline defects of peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) and omphalocele are believed to be related developmental defects, and have both been described in cats and dogs. This case series describes multiple cases of PPDH and omphalocele in related cats. The majority of cats affected with midline defects (PPDH or omphalocele) were male, consistent with previous reports of male overrepresentation. Relevance and novel information: This is the first report of a family of Persian cats affected by PPDH and/or omphalocele...
July 2018: JFMS open reports
Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Shiva Komesh, Soofia Naghdi, Zahra Fakhari, Parisa Alaei
Study Design: A prospective, within-group cohort study of 46 patients with chronic low-back pain (CLBP). Purpose: To assess the responsiveness of the Persian Functional Rating Index (PFRI) and to determine the minimal clinically important change (MCIC) of the PFRI in a cohort of patients with CLBP. Overview of Literature: The FRI is an instrument for assessing pain and disability in patients with low-back pain. No study so far has examined the responsiveness of the PFRI...
October 18, 2018: Asian Spine Journal
Fazel Rezaei Motlagh, Hamid Pejam, Taher Babaee, Hassan Saeedi, Zahra Hedayati, Mohammad Kamali
PURPOSE: To examine the validity and reliability of the Persian versions of the Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity/Brace in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. MATERIALS/METHODS: Persian forward/backward translation of the Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity/Brace was produced, and all stages for a cross-cultural adaptation process were carried out based on the International Quality of Life Assessment guidelines. The measurements of internal consistency and test-retest reliability were assessed by Cronbach's α and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), respectively...
October 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Mojgan Firouzbakht, Aram Tirgar, Abbas Ebadi, Hamid Sharif Nia, Tuula Oksanen, Anne Kouvnen, Mohammad Esmaeil Riahi
BACKGROUND: The workplace social capital is one of the important features of clinical work environment that improves the productivity and quality of services and safety through trust and social participation. Evaluation of workplace social capital requires a valid and reliable scale. The short-form workplace social capital questionnaire developed by Kouvonen has long been used to evaluate the workplace social capital. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the questionnaire among a group of female Iranian health care workers...
October 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
P Asadollahi, Sh Razavi, Kh Asadollahi, M R Pourshafie, M Talebi
Introduction: The clinical significance of enterococci is mostly related to its antibiotic resistance which contributes to colonization and infection, in particular amongst the hospitalized patients. The present review has examined the literature to provide a comprehensive data on enterococci antibiotic resistance during the last 20 years in Iran. Methods: Search engines such as Google Scholar and PubMed were used to identify all Persian and English-language articles investigating enterococci in Iran from 1996 to 2017...
November 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
Zahra Zanjani, Hamid Yaghubi, Mohammadreza Shaeiri, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki
Objective: In recent years, many researchers have been searching for effective cognitive factors in the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). One of the scales designed to measure this characteristic is the contamination cognition scale (CCS) that evaluates 2 dimensions: overestimating the likelihood and severity of contamination. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of CCS. Method : The study population of this descriptive psychometric study included students of Shahed University...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
V Gutekunst, A U MÜller, T Pohl, F BrÜmmer, H Malik, N Fawzi, D Erpenbeck, H Lehnert
During a scientific expedition to the Palinurus Rock, Persian Gulf, Iraq, a reef, which was discovered first in 2012, we found a new species which we tentatively assigned to Ciocalypta (Porifera, Demospongiae, Suberitida, Halichondriidae). Genetic results from different authors (Morrow Cardenas, 2015, Redmond et al., 2013, Erpenbeck et al., 2012) suggest that several species of Ciocalypta and other species from Suberitida (e.g. several Axinyssa, Petromica, Topsentia, Cymbastela, Halichondria (Eumastia)) are indeed no Suberitida but belong to taxa yet unnamed...
July 27, 2018: Zootaxa
F Nazari, O Mirshamsi, A Sari, M Aliabadian, P martÍnez Arbizu
A survey of copepods from intertidal zone of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman resulted in discovery of three new species belonging to the family Canuellidae Lang, 1944. This work contributes to the final aim to describe meiobenthic copepods from this region and is the first description of meiobenthic copepods from Iranian coastline. The new species belong to the genera Brianola Monard, 1926, Canuella, T. A. Scott, 1893, and Scottolana Huys, 2009. Compared to other congeners, Brianola haliensis sp. nov...
July 19, 2018: Zootaxa
Yukio Iwatsuki, Phillip C Heemstra
The Indo-West Pacific sparid genus Argyrops is reviewed, with four valid species and three new species: A. bleekeri Oshi-ma, 1927, A. filamentosus (Valenciennes, 1830), A. megalommatus (Klunzinger, 1870), A. spinifer (Forsskål, 1775), A. caeruleops n. sp., A. flavops n. sp. and A. notialis n. sp. The above seven species can be differentiated on meristic values, ontogenetic and morphological characters, and coloration. Argyrops bleekeri from the western Pacific and A. notialis n. sp. from Western Australia both have only one rudimentary dorsal-fin spine on the first dorsal pterygiophore (which defines the Argyrops bleekeri complex), while the five other congeners have two rudimentary dorsal-fin spines, both associated with the first dorsal pterygiophore...
June 22, 2018: Zootaxa
I N Ivanov
The stories of 'self-bumping up' against a sharp object by inadvertency appeared in the historical chronicles with a periodicity of once per each 1000 years. The victims of such accidents include, inter alia, the Persian tsar Kambik II (522 b.c), Russian tsarevich Dimitry (1591), etc. The forensic medical analysis of the self-bumping by inadvertency episodes involving the historical characters made it possible to evaluate the circumstances, specific features and mechanism of the resulting injuries, the specific features of the inflicted wounds and their outcomes...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Sara Rastgar, Abdolali Movahedinia, Negin Salamat, Amirparviz Salati, Ebrahim Zabihi
The aim of this research was a comparative study on the isolation and culture of head kidney macrophages derived from Acipenser persicous and Rutilus frisii kutum as teleost and chondrostei species of fish. The macrophages were isolated by density gradient sedimentation, followed by adherence to a plastic surface. They exhibited strong phagocytic activity against bacteria. The effect of cell density, incubation time, FBS percentage, pH and temperatures on the cell number and viability were determined and compared...
October 10, 2018: Cytotechnology
Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Bita Fereidooni, Mohsen Saffari, Ali Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a major public health concern worldwide affecting up to one in five women at reproductive age. It is associated with biochemical and hormonal disturbances as well as adverse cosmetic, reproductive, metabolic, and psychological consequences, resulting in worsened quality of life. The aim of the present study is evaluating the quality of life and determining its degrading factors among Iranian women suffering from this syndrome. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 PCOS women in Hamadan, Iran...
October 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Mohsen Maghrebi, Abdolreza Karbassi, Raziyeh Lak, Roohollah Noori, Masoud Sadrinasab
The purpose of this article is to study, result of metal concentration in two-sediment cores from Persian Gulf. Age of sediment is determined by C14 isotope method and bulk concentration is determined by ICP. This research output shows that, age of BandareAbbas core back to 9660 and Bushehr core to 15,600 years ago. Also,concentration in BandareAbbas and Bushehr cores respectively change as, As (1.08-11.76 Vs 5.2-13.09), Ba (15.03-129.5 Vs 73.9-120.4), Cd (0.09-0.46 Vs 0.09-0.18), Li (5.66-58.5 Vs 15.3-33...
October 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Mohadeseh Parsaian, Mohammad Reza Shokri, Jamileh Pazooki
The aquaculture and industrial sewage impacts on benthic foraminifera investigated at two reefs across the northern Persian Gulf. The foraminifera assemblages at a single sewaged reef were compared with two non-sewaged reefs. A low-diversity assemblage, dominated by stress-tolerant species Quinqueloculina sp. and larger symbiont-bearing Amphistegina sp., was characteristic of the industrial sewaged reef. The opportunistic species Ammonia sp. and Elphidium sp. were common in aquaculture sewaged reef. The density of foraminifera in sewaged reefs was lower than non-sewaged reefs...
October 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Gabriel S Walt, Hannah M Burris, Christopher B Brady, Keith R Spencer, Victor E Alvarez, Bertrand R Huber, Latease Guilderson, Nazifa Abdul Rauf, Derek Collins, Tarnjit Singh, Rebecca Mathias, James G Averill, Sean E Walker, Ian Robey, Ann C McKee, Neil W Kowall, Thor D Stein
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder linked to repetitive head impacts and has been associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a fatal, degenerative neuromuscular disorder. The Department of Veterans Affairs Biorepository Brain Bank (VABBB) is a tissue repository that collects antemortem disease progression data and postmortem central nervous system tissue from veterans with ALS. We set out to determine the frequency of co-morbid ALS and CTE in the VABBB cohort and to characterize the clinical, genetic, and pathological distinctions between participants with ALS only and those with both ALS and CTE (ALS+CTE)...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Roghiyeh Faridnia, Ahmad Daryani, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Mehdi Sharif, Hamed Kalani
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasitic protozoan that infects a wide variety of vertebrates as intermediate hosts. The aim of the current systematic review study is to clarify the latest status of studies in the literature regarding rhoptry-associated recombinant proteins or rhoptry-associated recombinant DNAs as potential vaccines against toxoplasmosis. The search was performed systematically in 8 databases, four in English and four in Persian, up to February 2017. Overall, ROP2 was the most commonly used ROPs in DNA vaccines (27...
August 2018: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Davoud Pourmarzi, Ashraf Khoramirad, Mina Gaeeni
Objective: This study aimed to report on perceived stigma by PLWH and factors that affect it. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 120 PLWH in Qom, Iran from November 2015 to April 2016. Persian version of Fife and Wright's scale was used to measure perceived stigma. Results: The mean score of stigma was 73.19 ± 12.23 (range: 48-97). The means of external stigma and internal stigma were 43.70 ± 8.61 (range: 19-60), and 29.49 ± 5.32 (range: 17-40), respectively. Living in a rural areas (β = 10...
December 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Sara Rahavi-Ezabadi, Sam P Most, Mikhail Saltychev, Amir Arvin Sazgar, Sami P Moubayed, Babak Saedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Azin Niazi, Vafa Baradaran Rahimi, Sina Soheili-Far, Nafiseh Askari, Pouria Rahmanian-Devin, Zahra Sanei-Far, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Hassan Rakhshandeh, Vahid Reza Askari
Averagely 80% to 90% of breastfeeding women experience the nipple pain and fissures. The important factor for successful breastfeeding is to treat this problem. This study has done as a review with the aim of analysis of the clinical trials in the field of the prevention and treatment of the nipple fissures and pain due to the importance of breastfeeding. For this purpose, the key words of sore, nipples, fissure, trauma, wound, prevention, treatment, therapeutics, therapy, clinical trial, breastfeeding and their Persian synonyms and all of their possible combinations were searched in the national databases: SID and Iran Medex and Magiran, and in the international databases: PubMed, Scopus, Medline, Science direct by May 2017...
September 2018: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
Sousan Salehi, Ahmad Reza Khatoonabadi, Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi, Ghasem Mohammadkhani, Saman Maroufizadeh, Fatemeh Majdinasab
Objectives: Emotion is a key component in language processing, but emotional words processing in children is still controversial. We aimed to investigate the relationship between emotional dimensions, arousal and valence, word familiarity, comprehension, use, and emotional content recognition. Eventually, a list of emotional content words for this age was prepared in Persian. Materials&Methods: The study was conducted in selected elementary schools in Tehran, Iran from April to June 2017...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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