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Shirzad Gholami, Asal Tanzifi, Mehdi Sharif, Ahmad Daryani, Mohammad-Taghi Rahimi, Siavash Mirshafiee, Shahabeddin Sarvi
Aim: Human cystic echinococcosis (CE), caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus cestodes, is a globally distributed chronic disease that is an important socioeconomic and public health problem in humans and livestock in developing countries, including Iran. The aim of this study was to determine the overall seroprevalence of hydatid infection in the general population of Iran. Materials and Methods: This systematic review began by searching electronic databases in English (PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, and Google Scholar) and Persian (Magiran, Scientific Information Database, Iran Medex, and Iran Doc)...
November 2018: Veterinary World
Hoda Khalesi, Bahareh Emadzadeh, Rassoul Kadkhodaee, Yapeng Fang
In this study, the influence of Persian gum (PG) on the properties of whey protein concentrate (WPC) emulsion gel prepared through cold set gelation method (incorporation of CaCl2 ) was investigated. The mean droplet size of emulsions was analyzed prior to gelation and the emulsion gel samples were characterized by rheological studies, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and water holding capacity (WHC) measurement. Results showed PG affected the droplet size of the initial emulsions and the matrix of gel systems...
December 4, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Azar Jafari, Belgüzar Kara, Mozhgan Taebi, Hedayat Jafari
BACKGROUND: Patients on hemodialysis can experience thirst distress. However, there is no valid and reliable Persian instrument to measure this condition in such patients. The present study aims to determine the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the thirst distress scale (TDS) for patients on hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our sample consisted of 142 hemodialysis patients completed the TDS Persian version. The face, content, and construct validity of the scale were ascertained...
December 11, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
Behnaz Kiani, Habib Hadianfard, Margaret D Weiss
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the descriptive and psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale-Parent Report Form (WFIRS-P) in a normal sample of Iranian children. METHOD: Parents of 282 students (grades 1-6) completed the WFIRS-P. Means and standard deviations were computed for the total scale, each domain, and each item of the WFIRS-P. Internal consistency, interdomain correlations, and test-retest reliability were used to assess the reliability of the scale...
December 7, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Priscilla M Flynn, Mike T John, Mohammad M Naghibi Sistani
OBJECTIVES: The Oral Health Literacy Adults Questionnaire (OHL-AQ) was designed to test functional oral health literacy in general populations. Exploratory analyses suggested a unidimensional structure rather than the four constructs proposed (reading comprehension, numeracy, listening and decision-making). The purpose of this study was to conduct a confirmatory analysis of the OHL-AQ. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design used a stratified multistage sampling strategy in 22 districts of Tehran, Iran...
December 7, 2018: International Dental Journal
Aroona Chabra, Taha Monadi, Mohammad Azadbakht, Seyed Iman Haerizadeh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L. (C. epithymum; Convolvulaceae) is a parasitic plant that has long been used locally and traditionally in Asia, Europe and other regions. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The study intends to reflect the significance of the C. epithymum in traditional medicine. This review aims to grant insight into the species' botany, pharmacological activities and phytochemistry with distinctive emphasis on its ethnomedicinal and traditional applications in all over the world...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mohammad Hadadi, Soraya Piroozi, Farzaneh Haghighat, Farzaneh Abbasi, Seyedeh Mahboobeh Mousavi
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) measures can be used to make sound clinical decisions after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The purpose of the present study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Quality of Life (ACL-QOL) questionnaire into the Persian language and to evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: The process of translation and cross-cultural adaptation followed the World Health Organization method...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Annarita Marrano, Pedro J Martínez-García, Luca Bianco, Gina M Sideli, Erica A Di Pierro, Charles A Leslie, Kristian A Stevens, Marc W Crepeau, Michela Troggio, Charles H Langley, David B Neale
Over the last 20 years, global production of Persian walnut (Juglans regia L.) has grown enormously, likely reflecting increased consumption due to its numerous benefits to human health. However, advances in genome-wide association (GWA) studies and genomic selection (GS) for agronomically important traits in walnut remain limited due to the lack of powerful genomic tools. Here, we present the development and validation of a high-density 700K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array in Persian walnut. Over 609K high-quality SNPs have been thoroughly selected from a set of 9...
November 22, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Negin Salamat, Razieh Lamoochi, Fatemeh Shahaliyan
Most of effluents discharged to the environment contain toxic contaminants such as aromatic compounds and heavy metals which are considered hazardous to the nature and living organisms. In this study, Bacillus subtilis resistant to anthracene and lead was isolated from Persian Gulf sediments. Biosurfactant production was demonstrated using three methods, drop collapse, blood agar and oil spreading. Evaluation of optical density by spectrophotometer showed the bacterial growth in presence of 30 mg/l of anthracene and 50 mg/l of lead...
2018: Toxicology Reports
Azad Khaledi, Afsane Bahrami, Edris Nabizadeh, Yousef Amini, Davoud Esmaeili
Background: Legionella species are ubiquitous and naturally found in lakes, rivers, streams and hot springs, and other water resources. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Legionella species in water resources of Iran by a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: In search of papers relevant to the prevalence of Legionella in water resources of Iran, the scientific information database in both English and Persian languages was used. The search was limited to studies between the year 2000 and end of July 2016...
November 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Payam Amir-Heidari, Mohammad Raie
Oil spills in the marine environment can have serious environmental, social and economic impacts. These impacts may be of transnational nature, and this makes the oil spill problem an international issue. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a common structured methodology for oil spill risk assessment. In this research, a general framework is presented for probabilistic risk assessment of oil spill from offshore oil wells. A case study is also performed in Persian Gulf to quantify the risk posed by 357 offshore wells to the near-shore receptors...
November 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Nicole R Laferriere, Wendy E Kurata, Cary T Grayson, Kelsey M Stecklow, Lisa M Pierce
Gulf War Illness (GWI) is a chronic, multisymptom illness that continues to affect up to 30% of veterans deployed to the Persian Gulf during the 1990-1991 Gulf War. After nearly 30 years, useful treatments for GWI are lacking and underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in its pathobiology remain poorly understood, although exposures to pyridostigmine bromide (PB) and pesticides are consistently identified to be among the strongest risk factors. Alleviation of the broad range of symptoms manifested in GWI, which involve the central nervous system, the neuroendocrine system, and the immune system likely requires therapies that are able to activate and inactivate a large set of orchestrated genes...
November 29, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Sina Dobaradaran, Iraj Nabipour, Bahman Ramavandi, Reza Saeedi, Jörg Spitz, Azade Izadi, Ehsan Abedi, Maryam Janahmadi
This work is the first study on the spatial and temporal distribution of metals in zooplankton collected along the Persian Gulf. The rank order distribution of metals in terms of their overall average concentration in the zooplankton was observed to be Fe > Zn > Cu > Cd > Ni > Cr > Pb > Co > V. No clear pattern and no statistical differences were detected among the areas and the sampling stations. The highest concentrations of Cu, Zn, and Pb were observed in summer while the highest concentration levels of Fe and Ni were observed in winter...
December 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Ali Ranjbar Jafarabadi, Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari, Nunziacarla Spanò, Tiziana Cappello
Metal contamination is a serious environmental concern in the Middle East. Herein, geochemical fractionation distribution and potential sources of thirteen metals (Fe, Al, Mn, Zn, Cu, Co, Cr, Ni, V, As, Hg, Pb and Cd) were investigated in sediments from ten coral reef Islands in the Persian Gulf, Iran. To properly assess availability and mobility of elements, enrichment factor (EF), pollution load index (PLI), pollution index (PI), contamination index (CI), sediment pollution index (SPI) and ecological risk assessment were provided...
December 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Liyun Wu, Gang Wang, Charles M S Birore
This study aims to examine the health care hardships among veterans and the effects from the measures of disability statuses and health insurance coverage. Patterns and variations for different subgroups are categorized and analyzed. Using the 2014 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), this study included 2,686 veterans who were active duty in U.S. military in Persian Gulf War in the 1990s and Gulf War-era II since September 2001 or later. The dependent variable, medical hardship, was measured with four dichotomous indicators: problems paying medical bills, currently having medical bills that were being paid over time, currently having medical bills that were unable to be paid at all, and having medical care delayed due to cost...
November 30, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
Marwan S Shinawi, Renee Alpern, Rosemary Toomey, Diane S Dannenfeldt, Domenic Reda, Melvin Blanchard
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of birth defects among children born to Gulf War veterans. METHODS: 788 singleton children born after the war to 522 veterans (262 Gulf War-deployed, DV; 260 non-deployed, NDV) underwent physical examinations focusing on major and minor birth defects and other findings. RESULTS: We found no differences between children of DV and NDV in the prevalence of major birth defects or other findings...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Mahdi Shahriari, Farzaneh Zare, Majid Nimrouzi
AIM: Bitumen is a natural substance effusing from rocks' notches in some highland areas; it has been known as an effective remedy for treating some illnesses. Considering pain relieving properties of bitumen in traditional Persian medicine (TPM) sources, this study aims to review the viewpoints of TPM sages regarding bitumen in the context of traditional Persian medicine. It also provides applicable information for interested researchers to conduct well-designed clinical trials and evaluate therapeutic effects of bitumen claimed in TPM sources...
December 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Pedzisai Mazengenya, Rashid Bhikha
Avicenna, as he is known in the West, was a famous Persian Muslim physician and influential philosopher-scientist of the medieval Islamic world. He wrote and compiled the Canon of Medicine text, a book which was adopted as the main text of medicine at the most Persian and Western universities. The book consists of basic medical sciences, applied clinical sciences and pharmacology. In the current study, we present an analysis of the anatomy of the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems as viewed by Avicenna in the Canon of Medicine, and compare them with the relevant modern literature...
December 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Esra BayÇelebİ, CÜneyt Kaya, Davut Turan, Sİbel alagÖz ErgÜden, JÖrg Freyhof
Garra turcica, from the rivers Kızıl, Seyhan, Ceyhan and Arsuz, is re-diagnosed and re-described. The species was treated as a synonym of G. rufa but molecular data strongly suggest that G. turcica represent an own species. It is distinguished from G. rufa by being more slender bodied, having a blunt snout and usually a short rostral cap. Based on COI sequence data, G. turcica is closely related to a group of species from the Persian Gulf basin, all having very small distribution areas nested in or adjacent to the range of G...
November 21, 2018: Zootaxa
Hesam Akbari, Mohammad Ghasemi, Taha Yegani, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki, Maryam Saraei, Yalda Barsam, Hamed Akbari
Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Purpose: To validate the Persian version of the Million Visual Analogue Scale Questionnaire (MVAS), a self-administered low back pain (LBP) questionnaire. Overview of Literature: The majority of LBP questionnaires translated into Persian evaluate the impact of LBP on daily living. The MVAS is one of the most commonly used self-administered LBP questionnaires, and was developed to assess a different direction and effect of activities of daily living on LBP intensity...
November 29, 2018: Asian Spine Journal
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