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Arunkumar Karunanidhi, Ehsanollah Ghaznavi-Rad, Rukman Awang Hamat, Mallikarjuna Rao Pichika, Leslie Than Thian Lung, Fazlin Mohd Fauzi, Sridevi Chigurupati, Alex van Belkum, Vasanthakumari Neela
The present study assessed the in vitro antibacterial and antibiofilm potential of hexane (ASHE) and dichloromethane (ASDE) extracts of Allium stipitatum (Persian shallot) against planktonic cells and biofilm structures of clinically significant antibiotic resistant pathogens, with a special emphasis on methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), and emerging pathogens, Acinetobacter baumannii and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia . Antibacterial activities were determined through disk diffusion, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC), time-kill kinetics, and electron microscopy...
2018: BioMed Research International
Parvaneh Vasli
PURPOSE: This study aimed to offer a translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and psychometric testing of the Perception of Family-Centered Care-Staff (PFCC-S) and Perception of Family-Centered Care-Parents (PFCC-P) questionnaires for use in pediatric nursing in Iran. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was comprised of six steps. The first five steps included the preparation, forward translation, reconciliation, back translation, and back translation review of the translated questionnaires...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Omid Aminian, Ataollah Moradi, Sahar Eftekhari
Background: Many studies have shown an association between unfavorable psychosocial factors and personal and organizational outcomes. In recent years, psychosocial issues have received top priority between work environment factors. This study aimed to provide a first insight into psychosocial stressors in electricity distribution industry in Iran and compare the psychosocial factors between two job categories of office and operational workers. Methods: The study population was employees of an electricity distribution company in Iran...
August 2018: Heliyon
Saeid Tamadoni Jahromi, Ahmad Sofiman Othman, Rusly Rosazlina
There are two morphotypes of Penaeus semisulcatus described hitherto in the Persian Gulf, namely the banded and non-banded antennae morphotypes. In this study, we used morphometric measurements and two mitochondrial genes (16S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase subunit I-COI) to assess relationships between the two morphotypes of P. semisulcatus. Out of 25 morphological characters examined, 10 characters were found significantly different between the two morphotypes when tested against separate sexes or both sexes combined...
August 12, 2018: Biochemical Genetics
Fatemeh Rahimi, Khadijeh Kazemi, Shahla Zahednejad, Daniel López-López, César Calvo-Lobo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among Iranian physical therapists. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out. An online survey was completed by Iranian physiotherapists from June 2017 to August 2017. A total of 333 online questionnaires were sent, and 319 questionnaires were fully completed and used for data analysis. The Persian version of the Nordic Questionnaire was the main outcome measurement...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Zahra Bayrami, Reza Hajiaghaee, Farahnaz Khalighi-Sigaroodi, Roja Rahimi, Mohammad Hossein Farzaei, Mahshid Hodjat, Maryam Baeeri, Mahban Rahimifard, Mona Navaei-Nigjeh, Mohammad Abdollahi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tragopogon graminifolius (T. graminifolius) from Asteraceae family has been used as a remedy in Persian traditional medicine for the treatment of various disorders such as wound healing. AIMOF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study is to investigate the compounds of T. graminifolius, which are responsible for its wound healing activity. MATERIALSAND METHODS: The experiment was performed in three phases; each phase consisted of fractionation of extracts followed by scratch assay...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mojgan Zendehdel, Forouzan Elyasi
Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the most prevalent disorders at reproductive age and has a negative impact on emotions and performance of women. Since various factors play a role in the development of this syndrome, the present study was aimed to examine biopsychosocial etiology of PMS in the form of a narrative review. Materials and Methods: Relevant studies were collected based on the three subjects of biological, psychological, and social etiologies during 1987-2015...
March 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Mahdi Yousefi, Reza Afshari, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Roshanak Salari
Background: Herbal distillates have been used for many centuries as herbal medicines in Traditional Persian medicine. The main purpose of this study was to determine methanol and ethanol contents in commonly-used industrial herbal distillates produced by three famous factories in Khorasan Razavi, Mashhad, Iran (2014-2015). Methods: Ninety herbal waters of ten types of most commonly used herbal distillates including Willow (Salix alba) , Ajava seeds ( Carum copticum ), Fennel ( Foeniculum vulgare ) , Poleigamander (Teucrium polium) , Forty plants, Peppermint (Mentha piperita) , Camel thorn (Alhagi camelorum) , Chicory (Cichorium intybus) , Fumitory (Fumaria officinalis) and Rose water (Rosa damascene) of three famous company in Mashhad were randomly bought from market...
June 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Shahnaz Ashrafi, Nayyereh Aminisani, Somaieh Soltani, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Seyed Morteza Shamshirgaran, Mohammad-Reza Rashidi
Background: The present study aimed at assessing the validity of self-reported drug use in people aged 35 and older in a pilot phase of a population-based cohort study. Methods: A total of 1038 adults over 35 years old in Khamene city in East Azerbaijan province were recruited for the pilot phase of Azar cohort; a province-level of a nationwide PERSIAN cohort study completing a questionnaire and providing biological samples from October to December 2014. Information about the history and duration of smoking tobacco, using drug and medication were obtained by the physician...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Vida Imani, Chung-Ying Lin, Shabnam Jalilolgadr, Amir H Pakpour
Background: Given the high prevalence of excessive daytime disorder (EDS) among children and adolescents, daytime sleepiness should be effectively measured for them to design appropriate intervention program. However, the commonly used instrument Epworth Sleepiness Scale for Children and Adolescents (ESS-CHAD) has little information in its psychometric properties. This study aimed to apply 2 different test theories to examine the psychometric properties of the Persian ESS-CHAD among a large sample of Iranian adolescents and children...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Somayeh Lookzadeh, Arda Kiani, Kimia Taghavi, Shirin Kianersi, Habib Emami, Maryam Mirenayat, Atefeh Abedini
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is one of the common symptoms of sarcoidosis, which occurs in about 50-70% of patients. AIM: Considering that there are no valid Iranian questionnaires for evaluating fatigue in sarcoidosis, in the present study, for the first time, we translated Fatigue Questionnaire into Persean and evaluated its validity and reliability among Iranian patients with sarcoidosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In methodological research, English version of Fatigue assessment scale (FAS) 10 items questionnaire which is designed to assess physical or mental fatigue in chronic disease patients, was translated into Persian and back-translated into English...
July 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Nasrin Baery, Azizeh Ghasemi Nejad, Mohsen Amin, Somaye Mahroozade, Roshanak Mokaberinejad, Soodabeh Bioos, Majid Anushiravani, Jale Aliasl, Malihe Karimi Darmiyan, Gholamreza Amin
This trial was conducted on 127 women aged 18-50 years with bacterial vaginosis to compare the vaginal suppository of metronidazole with Forzejeh, a vaginal suppository of herbal Persian medicine combination of Tribulus terrestris, Myrtus commuis, Foeniculum vulgare and Tamarindus indica. The patients (63 in metronidazole group and 64 in Forzejeh group) received the medications for 1 week. Their symptoms including the amount and odour of discharge and cervical pain were assessed using a questionnaire. Cervical inflammation and Amsel criteria (pH of vaginal discharge, whiff test, presence of clue cells and Gram staining) were investigated at the beginning of the study and 14 days after treatment...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Farahnaz Emami, Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad, Mohsen Razeghi
Patients with low back pain (LBP) have reduced core muscle geometry and impaired postural balance. Impaired trunk control was shown to be associated with poor balance and limited functional mobility in these patients. However, the relationship between muscle geometry and postural balance is unclear. This study aimed to determine the correlation of core muscle geometry with pain intensity, functional disability and postural balance in patients with chronic nonspecific mechanical LBP. Thirty patients aged 20-50 years were enrolled...
August 1, 2018: Medical Engineering & Physics
Charles Redmon, Allard Jongman
Aerodynamic and acoustic data on voiceless dorsal fricatives [x/χ] in Arabic, Persian, and Spanish were recorded to measure the extent to which such productions involve trilling of the uvula, thus exhibiting a sound source which, contrary to assumptions for voiceless fricatives, is mixed rather than aperiodic. Oscillation in airflow indicative of uvular vibration was present more often than not in Arabic (63%) and Persian (75%), while Spanish dorsal fricatives were more commonly produced with unimodal flow indicative of an aperiodic source...
July 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
A Kamyabi, H Nouri, H Moghimi
In this paper, we introduce pyrene degrader halotolerant yeast, Basidioascus persicus EBL-C16 and characterize its growth in different salt concentrations. Investigation of the removal of different concentrations of pyrene showed that B. persicus EBL-C16 was able to eliminate 50-90% of pyrene in the presence of 2.5% salt and also mineralize phenanthrene and anthracene. Growth and depletion kinetics of 500 mg L-1 of pyrene removal revealed 79% degradation and the growth rate reached 1.4 g L-1 of dry weight, decomposition constant rate was obtained as 0...
July 31, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Fereshteh Aliasghari, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Neda Lotfi Yaghin, Reza Mahdavi
PURPOSE: The present study was performed to develop the Persian version of Power of Food Scale (PFS) questionnaire (PFS-P) and to assess the hedonic hunger in Iranian adult population. In addition, associations between individual differences, including sex and body mass index (BMI) and the appetitive motives measured by the PFS-P were assessed. METHODS: Eight hundred and twenty participants were studied. The PFS-P, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire, and a questionnaire pertaining to demographic characteristics were completed for all participants...
July 31, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Zahra Nikousefat, Mohammad Hashemnia, Moosa Javdani, Ali Ghashghaii
Feline lower urinary tract diseases are known to be life threatening conditions in cats, especially when they occur as obstructive diseases in males. Early diagnosis and treatment is necessary, otherwise it may lead to death. A 3-year-old male Persian cat was referred to the clinic with a history of anuria, lethargy, loss of appetite and exploratory cystotomy 6 months ago due to urethral obstruction following urolithiasis. Urinary bladder was enlarged and painful on palpation and urine accumulation was observed in ultrasonography...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Parinaz Tavasolian, Masoud Rajabioun, Hamideh Salari Sedigh, Mohammad Azizzadeh
Ultrasonography is an accurate and accessible method for detecting polycystic kidney disease (PKD), an inherited autosomal dominant disease, and other urinary tract diseases. The present work is a preliminary study of PKD and urinary tract abnormalities using ultrasonography in Persian and other long hair cats in Iran. This study was conducted on 83 cats including 68 Persian cats and 15 Persian related cats from December 2013 to March 2015. The age of cats ranged 3 to 72 months. Cats were classified as PKD-positive when at least one renal cyst was observed...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
Morad Mousazadeh, Mohammad Mousavi, Gholamreza Askari, Hossein Kiani, Isabelle Adt, Adem Gharsallaoui
In the present work, the interactions between chickpea protein isolate (10 g·L-1 ) and soluble fraction of Persian gum with various concentrations (from 0 to 14 g·L-1 ) at different pH (3, 5, and 7) was characterized using turbidity, zeta-potential, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). The turbidity was significantly measured bigger at pH 3 than others followed by pH 7 and the minimum value of turbidity was obtained for pH 5...
July 28, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Mahyar Salavati, Roshanak Vameghi, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Ahmad Saeedi, Masoud Gharib
Introduction: The present study aimed to investigate validity and reliability of Persian Dimensions of Mastery Questionnaire (DMQ18) in children with cerebral palsy. Material and Methods: The original version was carried out through back translation into Persian, and then the construct validity was assessed by confirmatory factor analysis; and reliability was evaluated through Cronbach's alpha (n=230). Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used for test retest reliability (n=32)...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
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