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Life style

Ying Tan, Yan Gong, Maolong Dong, Zhaohui Pei, Jun Ren
The prevalence of cardiometabolic disease has reached an exponential rate of rise over the last decades owing to high fat/high caloric diet intake and satiety life style. Although the presence of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hypertension and obesity mainly contributes to the increased incidence of cardiometabolic diseases, population-based, clinical and genetic studies have revealed a rather important role for inherited myopathies and endocrine disorders in the ever-rising metabolic anomalies. Inherited metabolic and endocrine diseases such as glycogen storage and lysosomal disorders have greatly contributed to the overall prevalence of cardiometabolic diseases...
October 18, 2018: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular basis of disease
Emmett M Larsen, Luz H Ospina, Armando Cuesta-Diaz, Antonio Vian-Lains, George C Nitzburg, Sandra Mulaimovic, Asya Latifoglu, Rosarito Clari, Katherine E Burdick
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversity has been shown to exert profound effects on basic psychological processes well into adulthood. Some of these processes, such as those related to reward and emotion, play critical roles in moral decision-making. As a population with high rates of childhood trauma as well as heterogenous clinical presentation, individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) constitute an enriched group in which to examine the correlates of trauma and other clinical variables with moral cognition...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Sachiko Sasaki, Shigekazu Ukawa, Emiko Okada, Zhao Wenjing, Tomoko Kishi, Ai Sakamoto, Akiko Tamakoshi
OBJECTIVE: The Life Microscope is a new wristband-based life recorder system that can identify various human movements. We aimed to compare physical activity data captured using the Life Microscope with data from a commonly used accelerometer. RESULTS: Twenty-nine participants (34.6 ± 12.5 years) wore both the Life Microscope and an Active Style Pro accelerometer for 7 days. Physical activity categories were calculated by converting daily accelerometer data output into time spent at sedentary, light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity...
October 20, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Angéline Kernalléguen, Christine Enjalbal, Jean-Claude Alvarez, Omar Belgacem, Georges Léonetti, Daniel Lafitte, Anne-Laure Pélissier-Alicot
New designer drugs, as synthetic cannabinoids (SCs), continuously appear on the market and are booming due to their cannabis-like effect. New generation of smokable SCs, structurally dissimilar from Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), have isomers with distinguishable pharmacokinetic parameters and therefore different in vivo effects. The isoforms are misidentified using conventional techniques such as gas or liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry - or tandem mass - spectrometry. The aim of this study was to differentiate three positional isomers (JWH-007, JWH-019 and JWH-122) in single human hair samples, which store numerous substances revealing a way of life and consumption style...
December 24, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Juan Antonio Moreno-Murcia, Elisa Huéscar Hernández, Lorena Ruiz
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of controlling teacher behavior on high school physical education students' global intrinsic motivation, perceptions of the importance of the subject matter, intentions to be physically active, level of physical activity, and life satisfaction. The sample in this study was comprised of 416 Spanish high school students. Support for the study's expectations was provided through structural regression analysis. The analysis revealed that a controlling teaching style was negatively associated with the global intrinsic motivation of the students...
October 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Montserrat G Delgado, Julien Bogousslavsky
Psychopathology has been closely related with artists. A link between creativity and a tendency to affective disorders has become widely accepted. Several studies have shown that artists suffer disproportionately high rates of mood disorders, particularly manic depression and major depression. The famous twentieth century Spanish artist Joan Miró suffered from depression during the entirety of his life, as was recognized by some authors in private letters. The artist worked using several styles, as well as in ceramics and sculpture...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Simon Snoeck, Nicky Wybouw, Thomas Van Leeuwen, Wannes Dermauw
The two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae is an important pest with an exceptionally broad host plant range. This generalist rapidly acclimatizes and adapts to a new host, hereby overcoming nutritional challenges and a novel pallet of constitutive and induced plant defenses. Although recent studies reveal that a broad transcriptomic response upon host plant transfer is associated with a generalist life style in arthropod herbivores, it remains uncertain to what extent these transcriptional changes are general stress responses or host-specific...
October 17, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Camilla Knudsen, Nethaji Janeshawari Gallage, Cecilie Cetti Hansen, Birger Lindberg Møller, Tomas Laursen
Covering: up to 2018Plants are sessile organisms. To compensate for not being able to escape when challenged by unfavorable growth conditions, pests or herbivores, plants have perfected their metabolic plasticity by having developed the capacity for on demand synthesis of a plethora of phytochemicals to specifically respond to the challenges arising during plant ontogeny. Key steps in the biosynthesis of phytochemicals are catalyzed by membrane-bound cytochrome P450 enzymes which in plants constitute a superfamily...
October 16, 2018: Natural Product Reports
Mariusz Chabowski, Beata Jankowska-Polańska, Katarzyna Lomper, Dariusz Janczak
Background: A cancer diagnosis is a source of emotional distress. The aim of the study was to evaluate coping strategies in patients with non-small-cell lung carcinoma and to assess how coping strategies along with other factors affect their quality of life. Patients and methods: A total of 185 patients with non-small-cell lung carcinoma were enrolled in this observational, cross-sectional study. Demographic and clinical data were collected. Strategies for coping with cancer were assessed using a shortened version of the Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MiniMAC) scale...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
Xianwen Chen, Sjerp de Vries, Timo Assmuth, Jan Dick, Tia Hermans, Ole Hertel, Anne Jensen, Laurence Jones, Sigrun Kabisch, Timo Lanki, Irina Lehmann, Lindsay Maskell, Lisa Norton, Stefan Reis
Urbanization is a global trend, and consequently the quality of urban environments is increasingly important for human health and wellbeing. Urban life-style is typically associated with low physical activity and sometimes with high mental stress, both contributing to an increasing burden of diseases. Nature-based solutions that make effective use of ecosystem services, particularly of cultural ecosystem services (CES), can provide vital building blocks to address these challenges. This paper argues that, the salutogenic, i...
September 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Leila Nikniaz
Background: The Lifestyle Promotion Project (LPP) is a long-term community-based project for prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). In this project, the healthy lifestyle promotion plan will be implemented by the health policy agenda of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Methods: The study design included two phases: phase I was a cross-sectional prevalence study of NCDs and the associated risk factors implemented from Feb 2014 to Apr 2014. Phase II is a prospective follow-up study currently ongoing...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Jiangwei Yao, Charles O Rock
Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular pathogen with a reduced genome reflecting its host cell dependent life style. However, C. trachomatis has retained all of the genes required for fatty acid and phospholipid synthesis that are present in free-living bacteria. C. trachomatis assembles its cellular membrane using its own biosynthetic machinery utilizing glucose, isoleucine, and serine. This pathway produces disaturated phospholipid molecular species containing a branched-chain 15-carbon fatty acid in the 2-position, which are distinct from the structures of host phospholipids...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Meng-Tien Wu, Pei-Fang Tang, Joshua O S Goh, Tai-Li Chou, Yu-Kai Chang, Yung-Chin Hsu, Yu-Jen Chen, Nai-Chi Chen, Wen-Yih Isaac Tseng, Susan Shur-Fen Gau, Ming-Jang Chiu, Ching Lan
Studies have shown that Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) training has benefits on task-switching ability. However, the neural correlates underlying the effects of TCC training on task-switching ability remain unclear. Using task-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with a numerical Stroop paradigm, we investigated changes of prefrontal brain activation and behavioral performance during task-switching before and after TCC training and examined the relationships between changes in brain activation and task-switching behavioral performance...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
C de Baat, M A E van Stiphout, F Lobbezoo, K D van Dijk, H W Berendse
Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterised by motor symptoms, which are accompanied or often even preceded by non-motor symptoms. Pathologically, the disease is characterised by neural degeneration in specific brain regions, including the dopaminergic neurons of the pars compacta of the substantia nigra. At the molecular level, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, altered protein handling, and reactive microgliosis contribute to the neural degeneration. Advanced age is a significant risk factor...
October 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
PaweŁ JaŁoszyŃski
Mastigitae comprise most unusual ant-like stone beetles, showing intriguing morphological characters and ecological adaptations. The largest adults among Scydmaeninae can be found in this group; some reaching nearly 9 mm in length, but there are also adults as small as 1.10 mm. Members of Leptomastacini are microphthalmous and depigmented; Mastigini are often black or contrastingly bicolored and have diurnal life style, adults of some species climbing bushes and trees. Papusini inhabit the driest North American deserts and are active during the warmest time of the year; other taxa live in subtropical forests; some are known to enter caves...
July 30, 2018: Zootaxa
Guang-Xia Shi, Bao-Zhen Liu, Jun Wang, Qing-Nan Fu, San-Feng Sun, Rui-Li Liang, Jing Li, Jian-Feng Tu, Cheng Tan, Cun-Zhi Liu
Background: Strategies for preventing the persistence of pain and disability beyond the acute phase in shoulder pain patients are critically needed. Conventional acupuncture therapy (CAT) or motion style acupuncture therapy (MSAT) alone results in relative improvements in painful conditions in shoulder pain patients; combined interventions may have more global effects. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MSAT vs CAT for shoulder pain. Methods: A randomized controlled trial using a factorial design was conducted from January 2014 to December 2015...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Pankaj Garg, John Eastwood, Siaw-Teng Liaw, Bin Jalaludin, Rebekah Grace
INTRODUCTION: Well-Child Care (WCC) is the provision of preventive health care services for children and their families. Prior research has highlighted that several barriers exist for the provision of WCC services. OBJECTIVES: To study "real life" visits of parents and children with health professionals in order to enhance the theoretical understanding of factors affecting WCC. METHODS: Participant observations of a cross-sectional sample of 71 visits at three general practices were analysed using a mixed-methods approach...
2018: PloS One
Rachael Hemmert, Karen C Schliep, Sydney Willis, Charles Matthew Peterson, Germaine Buck Louis, Kristina Allen-Brady, Sara E Simonsen, Joseph B Stanford, Jiyoung Byun, Ken R Smith
BACKGROUND: Caffeine, alcohol, smoking and physical activity are known to alter sex steroid synthesis, which may affect hormone-dependent gynaecologic disease risk, such as endometriosis; however, few studies have assessed life style factors prior to endometriosis diagnosis. METHODS: Four hundred and seventy three women, ages 18-44 years, underwent laparoscopy or laparotomy, regardless of clinical indication, at 14 clinic sites, 2007-2009. Women with prior surgically confirmed endometriosis were excluded...
October 11, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Vijaya Lakshmi Tiruveedi, Swarna Bale, Amit Khurana, Chandraiah Godugu
Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas that may precipitate due to various reasons such as chronic alcoholism, gall stone obstruction, and life style. Current treatment options offer limited efficacy, as they provide only symptomatic relief. This study is an attempt to study the effects of Withaferin A (WFA) against Cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis in mice. Animals were pretreated with WFA via intraperitoneal route, for 7 days. Plasma amylase and lipase, tissue malondialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione were evaluated for all groups...
October 11, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Maria Ekelin, Mette Langeland Iversen, Mette Grønbæk Backhausen, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Evidence has shown that there are several physical and mental advantages of exercise during pregnancy. Despite this, the recommendations for exercise during pregnancy are poorly fulfilled. The aim of this study was to illuminate non-exercising pregnant women's views and experiences concerning exercise before and during pregnancy. METHOD: The study had a qualitative design with an inductive approach and was analysed by content analysis. A total of 16 individual and face-to-face interviews were conducted with healthy pregnant women, mainly in the third trimester and living in Sweden...
October 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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