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Life style

Lauren E O'Connor, Sarah L Biberstine, Douglas Paddon-Jones, A J Schwichtenberg, Wayne W Campbell
Background: Reducing red meat intake is commonly recommended. Limited observational studies suggest that healthy eating patterns with red meat are associated with improved quality of life. Objective: The secondary objectives of this randomized crossover controlled-feeding trial were to assess the effects of following a Mediterranean-style eating pattern (Med-Pattern) with different amounts of red meat on indexes of personal well-being (i.e., perceived quality of life, mood, and sleep) in overweight or obese adults...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Younoh Kim, Vlad Radoias
Hypertension is a rapidly growing problem in developing countries. At the same time, due to its asymptomatic nature, the afflicted population is largely unaware of being hypertensive. Due to a lack of resources, routine medical exams are very rare in developing countries and many sick individuals remain undiagnosed. Using a large sample of hypertensive individuals from Indonesia, we show the importance of being diagnosed. Diagnosed individuals exhibit lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and overall lower probability of remaining hypertensive than undiagnosed individuals...
2018: PloS One
Wan Ling Lee, Karuthan Chinna, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Imran Zainal Abidin
AIM: To investigate semantic equivalence between two translated versions of the heart quality of life (HeartQoL) questionnaire produced by the forward-backward and dual-panel methods. METHODS: The forward-backward and dual-panel versions of HeartQoL were self-administered among 60 participants who met the inclusion criteria of being a native Bahasa Malaysia-speaking Malay, aged 18 and older, having an indexed diagnosis of ischaemic heart disease and being cognitively fit...
December 4, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Yanina Herrera, Juan Martín Leardi, Marta S Fernández
Thalattosuchians are a group of Mesozoic crocodylomorphs known from aquatic deposits of the Early Jurassic-Early Cretaceous that comprises two main lineages of almost exclusively marine forms, Teleosauridae and Metriorhynchoidea. Teleosaurids were found in shallow marine, brackish and freshwater deposits, and have been characterized as semiaquatic near-shore forms, whereas metriorhynchids are a lineage of fully pelagic forms, supported by a large set of morphological characters of the skull and postcranial anatomy...
2018: PeerJ
Melissa Wasserstein, Carlo Dionisi-Vici, Roberto Giugliani, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Olivier Lidove, Zoltan Lukacs, Eugen Mengel, Pramod K Mistry, Edward H Schuchman, Margaret McGovern
BACKGROUND: Acid sphingomyelinase deficiency (ASMD), a rare lysosomal storage disease, results from mutations in SMPD1, the gene encoding acid sphingomyelinase (ASM). As a result, sphingomyelin accumulates in multiple organs including spleen, liver, lung, bone marrow, lymph nodes, and in the most severe form, in the CNS and peripheral nerves. Clinical manifestations range from rapidly progressive and fatal infantile neurovisceral disease, to less rapidly progressing chronic neurovisceral and visceral forms that are associated with significant morbidity and shorter life span due to respiratory or liver disease...
November 29, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Emily A Lai, Eric A Nesrsta, Jason M Bodiford, Ranu R Jain
The use of medical tattoos can potentially be life-saving. We present a 16-year-old patient who chose to tattoo a medical condition on her forearm. Her tattoo is more extensive than most medical tattoos and shows the measures a mother will take to ensure her daughter's safety. To our knowledge, there are no published guidelines recommending an ideal location or symbology for a medical tattoo. Such guidelines would be useful to artists, as well as to medical personnel in emergencies if the patient has a tattoo...
December 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Pavlína Wiedenová, Radim Šumbera, Jan Okrouhlík
A strict underground style of life is one of the greatest challenges for mammals partly due to the high energetic cost of obtaining food by digging through a mechanically resistant substrate. Any energy saving adaptation, for example the effect of social thermoregulation, is thus very important for subterranean mammals. It has also been suggested that social mammals may suffer from "isolation stress" if measured alone, because the presence of other family member(s) may decrease the stress levels and thus their metabolic rates...
December 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Crystal L Park, Cheryl L Holt, Daisy Le, Juliette Christie, Beverly Rosa Williams
Research on religious coping has proliferated in recent years, but many key questions remain, including the independent effects of positive and negative religious coping styles on well-being over time. Further, little research on religious coping styles has been conducted with African Americans in spite of their documented importance in this population. The present study examined the independent prospective effects on well-being of positive and negative religious coping styles over the subsequent 2.5 years in a national sample of African American community-dwelling adults...
November 2018: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
Juha Suuronen, Samu Sjöblom, Marjo Tuppurainen, Risto Honkanen, Toni Rikkonen, Heikki Kröger, Joonas Sirola
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the association of hormonal contraception and other life-style factors and habits affecting body composition (BC) and muscle strength. STUDY DESIGN: We measured the body composition of 400 healthy Finnish women (aged 20-40 years) using total body dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (TB-DXA) as well as grip strength (GS [kPa]) with a hand-held dynamometer and knee extension strength (KES [kg]) between 2011 and 2014...
November 22, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Belle H de Rooij, Nicole P M Ezendam, M Caroline Vos, Johanna M A Pijnenborg, Dorry Boll, Roy F P M Kruitwagen, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
BACKGROUND: In efforts to improve the implementation of survivorship care plans (SCPs), the authors assessed whether the impact of SCPs on patient-reported outcomes differed between patients with an information-seeking coping style (monitoring) versus those with an information-avoiding coping style (blunting). METHODS: In the Registration System Oncological Gynecology (ROGY) Care Trial, 12 hospitals in the Netherlands were randomized to deliver SCP care or usual care...
November 30, 2018: Cancer
Hans Pohl, Jan Batelka, Jakub Prokop, Patrick Müller, Margarita I Yavorskaya, Rolf G Beutel
Twisted winged insects (Strepsiptera) are a highly specialized small order of parasitic insects. Whether parasitism developed at an early or late stage in the evolution of the group was unknown. Here we record and describe the first definite Mesozoic strepsipteran primary larva embedded in Burmese amber (∼99 million years ago). This extends the origin of parasitism back by at least ∼50 million years, and reveals that this specialized life style has evolved in the Mesozoic or even earlier in the group. The extremely small first instar displays all diagnostic characters of strepsipteran immatures of this stage and is nearly identical with those of Mengenillidae, one of the most "ancestral" extant strepsipteran taxa...
2018: PeerJ
Camellia Akhgarjand, Kurosh Djafarian, Hamid Rezvani, Eznollah Azargashb, Mohammadreza Vafa
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a malignant hematologic disease. Cancer and its treatments can affect biological functions and change the nutritional status of patients. Zinc and copper are important cofactors for several enzymes and play an important role in maintaining the integrity of DNA. In ALL, we have oxidative conditions in the body that can cause oxidative damage to lipids and the production of malondialdehyde (MDA). So that the aim of this study is comparing serum levels of copper, zinc and inflammation before and after chemotherapy...
2018: American Journal of Blood Research
Yasuo Imanishi
Adjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy for hormone receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist for prostate cancer in men, are associated with bone loss, leading to the increment of fracture risks. Assessment of bone status, improvement of life style such as diet and exercise, and osteoporosis treatments are essential to keep good bone health in cancer treatment-induced bone loss.
2018: Clinical Calcium
Shin-Young Lee, Eunice Lee, Bulaporn Natipagon-Shah, Joy Toyama
Background: Few studies have examined preventive lifestyle behaviors and breast cancer (BC) screening behaviors simultaneously to determine whether BC screening behaviors are associated with preventive lifestyle behaviors. The purposes of this study are to (a) describe BC screening utilization and preventive lifestyle behaviors and (b) examine factors associated with BC utilization among Korean American (KA) women. Methods: Data from the 2015–2016 California Health Interview Survey were analyzed. Survey-weighted adjusted logistic regressions were used to determine whether preventive lifestyle behaviors and characteristics of KA women 50 years of age and older at the time of the survey were associated with obtaining mammograms...
November 29, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Mariko Nakamoto, Emi Shuto, Akiko Nakamoto, Akiko Hata, Nanako Aki, Yosuke Shikama, Yukiko Bando, Takako Ichihara, Takako Minagawa, Ayako Tamura, Yumi Kuwamura, Makoto Funaki, Tohru Sakai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the associations of intake of soy products and isoflavones with allergic diseases. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 1437 participants (aged 20-64 years) who were living in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan during the period 2010- 2011. We obtained anthropometric data and information on life style characteristics including dietary intake and current medical histories of allergic diseases using a structural self-administered questionnaire...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hongwei Yi, Deyi Xu, Xudong Wu, Fang Xu, Lin Lin, Huiping Zhou
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver diseases. The prevalence of NAFLD is continuously rising as the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome is increasing. However, there are no approved pharmacotherapies for the treatment of NAFLD other than managing life style and controlling diets. Extensive studies have demonstrated that multiple mechanisms are involved in free fatty acid (FFA)- and high fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic injury, including mitochondrial dysfunction, activation of oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and lysosome dysfunction...
November 28, 2018: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Alina Danet Danet, Manuela López Doblas, Joan Carles March Cerdà, María Ángeles Prieto Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a peer-training intervention for women with breast cancer, from a gender perspective: to discover the results of the intervention and examine in-depth the personal experiences of patients and health professionals participating in the training activity. METHOD: Mixed method multicentre design completed in 2017 in Andalusia (Spain), with a pre and post evaluation questionnaire with 102 patients, measuring life style, limitations, use of health services, communication with professionals and self-management; and content analysis of semi-structured interviews and focus groups with 21 patient-trainers and 5 health professionals, looking at experiences, needs and suggestions for improvement...
November 24, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
Julie B Linden, John P Capitanio, Brenda McCowan, Lynne A Isbell
Social instability in primate groups has been used as a model to understand how social stress affects human populations. While it is well established that individual cercopithecines have different temperaments or personalities, little is known about how temperament mediates the experience of social instability in large, naturalistic groups. Here, we report findings from a study tracking a newly formed group of captive rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). We examine whether inter-individual differences in temperament during infancy affect physiological responses to new group formation years later, measured through hair cortisol 9 months after the group was formed...
November 27, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
Vinaya Manchaiah, Eldré W Beukes, Sarah Granberg, Naresh Durisala, David M Baguley, Peter M Allen, Gerhard Andersson
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is one of the most distressing hearing-related symptoms. It is often associated with a range of physiological and psychological complications, such as depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Hence, approaching tinnitus from a biopsychological perspective may be more appropriate than from purely a biomedical model. OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at determining the relationship between tinnitus and the problems and life effects experienced by UK-based tinnitus research study volunteers...
November 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Aleksi Terho, Risto Bloigu, Aini Bloigu, Onni Niemelä, Mikko Tulppo, Y Antero Kesäniemi, Olavi Ukkola
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a global health threat and major cardiovascular risk. Various risk-prediction models for incident hypertension have been developed but not many of them have studied the risk-predictive value of life style factors in combination with cardiovascular biomarkers during long-term period of over 10 years. METHODS: We examined differences in several classical variables for 299 subjects in OPERA (Oulu Project Elucidating Risk of Atherosclerosis) cohort in subjects with no or new hypertension during a follow-up period of 21 years...
November 27, 2018: Blood Pressure
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