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Rashba spin orbit

Ryohei Wakatsuki, Naoto Nagaosa
We study theoretically the nonreciprocal charge transport in two-dimensional noncentrosymmetric superconductors with the Rashba spin-orbit interaction. The resistivity R depends on the current I linearly under the external magnetic field B, i.e., R=R_{0}(1+γBI), which is called the magnetochiral anisotropy. It is found that the coefficient γ is gigantically enhanced by the superconducting fluctuation with the components of both spin singlet and triplet pairings, compared with that in the normal state. This finding offers a method to quantitatively estimate the ratio of the pairing interactions between the singlet and triplet channels including its sign...
July 13, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Fernando Ajejas, Adrian Gudín, Ruben Guerrero, Alberto Anadón Barcelona, Jose Manuel Diez, Leticia de Melo Costa, Pablo Olleros, Miguel Angel Niño, Stefania Pizzini, Jan Vogel, Manuel Valvidares, Pierluigi Gargiani, Mariona Cabero, Maria Varela, Julio Camarero, Rodolfo Miranda, Paolo Perna
A major challenge for future spintronics is to develop suitable spin transport channels with long spin lifetime and propagation length. Graphene can meet these requirements, even at room temperature. On the other side, taking advantage of the fast motion of chiral textures, that is, Néel-type domain walls and magnetic skyrmions, can satisfy the demands for high-density data storage, low power consumption, and high processing speed. We have engineered epitaxial structures where an epitaxial ferromagnetic Co layer is sandwiched between an epitaxial Pt(111) buffer grown in turn onto MgO(111) substrates and a graphene layer...
August 1, 2018: Nano Letters
Jian Gou, Long-Juan Kong, Wen-Bin Li, Shao-Xiang Sheng, Hui Li, Sheng Meng, Peng Cheng, Ke-Hui Wu, Lan Chen
Two-dimensional surface structures often host a surface state in the bulk gap, which plays a crucial role in the surface electron transport. The diversity of in-gap surface states extends the category of two-dimensional systems and gives us more choices in material applications. In this article, we investigated the surface states of β-√3 × √3-Bi/Si(111) surface by scanning tunneling microscopy. Two nearly free electron states in the bulk gap of silicon were found in the unoccupied states. Combined with first-principles calculations, these two states were verified to be the Bi-contributed surface states and electron-accumulation-induced quantum well states...
August 1, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
R I Mohamed, Ahmed Farouk, A H Homid, O H El-Kalaawy, Abdel-Haleem Abdel-Aty, M Abdel-Aty, S Ghose
We analyze the dynamics of squeezing in a ballistic quantum wire with Rashba spin-orbit interaction in the presence of both strong and weak magnetic fields and for different initial states of the system. Compared to the more standard measure of squeezing based on variances, we show that entropy squeezing is a more sensitive measure. Our results show that there is a strong relationship between the spin-orbit interaction and the strength of entropy squeezing. Furthermore, there is a relationship between the initial state and the number of squeezed components...
July 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Szczepan Głodzik, Aksel Kobiałka, Anna Gorczyca-Goraj, Andrzej Ptok, Grzegorz Górski, Maciej M Maśka, Tadeusz Domański
We investigate single and multiple defects embedded in a superconducting host, studying the interplay between the proximity-induced pairing and interactions. We explore the influence of the spin-orbit coupling on energies, polarization and spatial patterns of the bound (Yu-Shiba-Rusinov) states of magnetic impurities in a two-dimensional square lattice. We also address the peculiar bound states in the proximitized Rashba chain, resembling the Majorana quasiparticles, focusing on their magnetic polarization that has been recently reported by S...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Jorge Cayao, Annica M Black-Schaffer, Elsa Prada, Ramón Aguado
Hybrid superconductor-semiconductor nanowires with Rashba spin-orbit coupling are arguably becoming the leading platform for the search of Majorana bound states (MBSs) in engineered topological superconductors. We perform a systematic numerical study of the low-energy Andreev spectrum and supercurrents in short and long superconductor-normal-superconductor junctions made of nanowires with strong Rashba spin-orbit coupling, where an external Zeeman field is applied perpendicular to the spin-orbit axis. In particular, we investigate the detailed evolution of the Andreev bound states from the trivial into the topological phase and their relation with the emergence of MBSs...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Alexander López, Francisco Mireles, John Schliemann, Benjamin Santos
We study the pseudospin and spin dynamical effects in single-layer silicene due to a perpendicular electric field periodically driven and its interplay with the intrinsic and extrinsic (Rashba) spin-orbit interaction. We find that the spin nonconserving processes of the real spin of the quasiparticles in silicene, induced by the rather weak spin-orbit mechanisms, manifest themselves as shifts of the resonances of its quasienergy spectrum in the low coupling regime to the driving field. We show that there is an interesting cooperative effect among the, in principle, competing Rashba and intrinsic spin-orbit contributions...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Kasun Premasiri, Santosh Kumar Radha, Sukrit Sucharitakul, U Rajesh Kumar, Raman Sankar, Fang-Cheng Chou, Yit-Tsong Chen, Xuan P A Gao
Manipulating the electron spin with the aid of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) is an indispensable element of spintronics. Electrostatically gating a material with strong SOC results in an effective magnetic field which can in turn be used to govern the electron spin. In this work, we report the existence and electrostatic tunability of Rashba SOC in multilayer InSe. We observed a gate-voltage-tuned crossover from weak localization (WL) to weak antilocalization (WAL) effect in quantum transport studies of InSe, which suggests an increasing SOC strength...
July 11, 2018: Nano Letters
Shishun Zhao, Lei Wang, Ziyao Zhou, Chunlei Li, Guohua Dong, Le Zhang, Bin Peng, Tai Min, Zhongqiang Hu, Jing Ma, Wei Ren, Zuo-Guang Ye, Wei Chen, Pu Yu, Ce-Wen Nan, Ming Liu
Electric field (E-field) modulation of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) switching, in an energy-efficient manner, is of great potential to realize magnetoelectric (ME) memories and other ME devices. Voltage control of the spin-reorientation transition (SRT) that allows the magnetic moment rotating between the out-of-plane and the in-plane direction is thereby crucial. In this work, a remarkable magnetic anisotropy field change up to 1572 Oe is achieved under a small operation voltage of 4 V through ionic liquid (IL) gating control of SRT in Au/[DEME]+ [TFSI]- /Pt/(Co/Pt)2 /Ta capacitor heterostructures at room temperature, corresponding to a large ME coefficient of 378 Oe V-1 ...
May 29, 2018: Advanced Materials
Ming-Chien Hsu, Liang-Zi Yao, Seng Ghee Tan, Ching-Ray Chang, Gengchiau Liang, Mansoor B A Jalil
The Rashba effect gives rise to the key feature of chiral spin texture. Recently it was demonstrated that the orbital angular momentum (OAM) texture forms the underlying basis for Rashba spin texture. Here we solve a model Hamiltonian of a generic p-orbital system in the presence of crystal field, internal spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and inversion symmetry breaking (ISB), and demonstrate, in addition to OAM and spin texture, the existence of orbital projection (OP) of the spin texture in a general Rashba system...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Hongxin Yang, Gong Chen, Alexandre A C Cotta, Alpha T N'Diaye, Sergey A Nikolaev, Edmar A Soares, Waldemar A A Macedo, Kai Liu, Andreas K Schmid, Albert Fert, Mairbek Chshiev
The possibility of utilizing the rich spin-dependent properties of graphene has attracted much attention in the pursuit of spintronics advances. The promise of high-speed and low-energy-consumption devices motivates the search for layered structures that stabilize chiral spin textures such as topologically protected skyrmions. Here we demonstrate that chiral spin textures are induced at graphene/ferromagnetic metal interfaces. Graphene is a weak spin-orbit coupling material and is generally not expected to induce a sufficient Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction to affect magnetic chirality...
July 2018: Nature Materials
Chunlei Qu, Sandro Stringari
By applying a position-dependent detuning to a spin-orbit-coupled Hamiltonian with equal Rashba and Dresselhaus coupling, we exploit the behavior of the angular momentum of a harmonically trapped Bose-Einstein condensed atomic gas and discuss the distinctive role of its canonical and spin components. By developing the formalism of spinor hydrodynamics, we predict the precession of the dipole oscillation caused by the synthetic rotational field, in analogy with the precession of the Foucault pendulum, the excitation of the scissors mode, following the sudden switching off of the detuning, and the occurrence of Hall-like effects...
May 4, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Tobias Frank, Petra Högl, Martin Gmitra, Denis Kochan, Jaroslav Fabian
We investigate topological properties of models that describe graphene on realistic substrates which induce proximity spin-orbit coupling in graphene. A Z_{2} phase diagram is calculated for the parameter space of (generally different) intrinsic spin-orbit coupling on the two graphene sublattices, in the presence of Rashba coupling. The most fascinating case is that of staggered intrinsic spin-orbit coupling which, despite being topologically trivial, Z_{2}=0, does exhibit edge states protected by time-reversal symmetry for zigzag ribbons as wide as micrometers...
April 13, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Andrés Greco, Andreas P Schnyder
Motivated by the recent resurgence of interest in topological superconductivity, we study superconducting pairing instabilities of the hole-doped Rashba-Hubbard model on the square lattice with first- and second-neighbor hopping. Within the random phase approximation, we compute the spin-fluctuation-mediated pairing interactions as a function of filling. Rashba spin-orbit coupling splits the spin degeneracies of the bands, which leads to two van Hove singularities at two different fillings. We find that, for a doping region in between these two van Hove fillings, the spin fluctuations exhibit a strong ferromagnetic contribution...
April 27, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Hiroyasu Nakayama, Takashi Yamamoto, Hongyu An, Kento Tsuda, Yasuaki Einaga, Kazuya Ando
In heterostructures with broken inversion symmetry, the electrons' motion is coupled to their spin through interface-driven spin-orbit coupling: the Rashba effect. The Rashba effect enables the interconversion between spin and charge currents, offering a variety of novel spintronic phenomena and functionalities. However, despite the significant progress in Rashba physics, controlling the spin-charge conversion in metallic heterostructures remains a major challenge. We show that molecular self-assembly provides a way to engineer the Rashba spin-charge converters...
March 2018: Science Advances
Ryan M Jock, N Tobias Jacobson, Patrick Harvey-Collard, Andrew M Mounce, Vanita Srinivasa, Dan R Ward, John Anderson, Ron Manginell, Joel R Wendt, Martin Rudolph, Tammy Pluym, John King Gamble, Andrew D Baczewski, Wayne M Witzel, Malcolm S Carroll
The silicon metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) material system is a technologically important implementation of spin-based quantum information processing. However, the MOS interface is imperfect leading to concerns about 1/f trap noise and variability in the electron g-factor due to spin-orbit (SO) effects. Here we advantageously use interface-SO coupling for a critical control axis in a double-quantum-dot singlet-triplet qubit. The magnetic field-orientation dependence of the g-factors is consistent with Rashba and Dresselhaus interface-SO contributions...
May 2, 2018: Nature Communications
Renyuan Liao
We developed a functional integral formulation for the stripe phase of spinor Bose-Einstein condensates with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. The excitation spectrum is found to exhibit double gapless band structures, identified to be two Goldstone modes resulting from spontaneously broken internal gauge symmetry and translational invariance symmetry. The sound velocities display anisotropic behavior with the lower branch vanishing in the direction perpendicular to the stripe in the x-y plane. At the transition point between the plane-wave phase and the stripe phase, physical quantities such as fluctuation correction to the ground-state energy and quantum depletion of the condensates exhibit discontinuity, characteristic of the first-order phase transition...
April 6, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Arthur Marronnier, Guido Roma, Soline Boyer-Richard, Laurent Pedesseau, Jean-Marc Jancu, Yvan Bonnassieux, Claudine Katan, Constantinos C Stoumpos, Mercouri G Kanatzidis, Jacky Even
Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites emerged as a new generation of absorber materials for high-efficiency low-cost solar cells in 2009. Very recently, fully inorganic perovskite quantum dots also led to promising efficiencies, making them a potentially stable and efficient alternative to their hybrid cousins. Currently, the record efficiency is obtained with CsPbI3 , whose crystallographical characterization is still limited. Here, we show through high-resolution in situ synchrotron XRD measurements that CsPbI3 can be undercooled below its transition temperature and temporarily maintained in its perovskite structure down to room temperature, stabilizing a metastable perovskite polytype (black γ-phase) crucial for photovoltaic applications...
April 24, 2018: ACS Nano
Nzar Rauf Abdullah, Thorsten Arnold, Chi-Shung Tang, Andrei Manolescu, Vidar Gudmundsson
The goal of this work is to show how the thermospin polarization current in a quantum ring changes in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling and a quantized single photon mode of a cavity the ring is placed in. Employing the reduced density operator and a general master equation formalism, we find that both the Rashba interaction and the photon field can significantly modulate the spin polarization and the thermospin polarization current. Tuning the Rashba coupling constant, degenerate energy levels are formed corresponding to the Aharonov-Casher destructive phase interference in the quantum ring system...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
V A Stephanovich, E Ya Sherman
We show that Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) can generate chaotic behavior of excitons in two-dimensional semiconductor structures. To model this chaos, we study a Kepler system with spin-orbit coupling and numerically obtain a transition to chaos at a sufficiently strong coupling. The chaos emerges since the SOC reduces the number of integrals of motion as compared to the number of degrees of freedom. Dynamically, the dependence of the exciton energy on the spin orientation in the presence of SOC produces an anomalous spin-dependent velocity resulting in chaotic motion...
March 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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