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Spin filtering

Sergey Milikisiyants, Maxim A Voinov, Antonin Marek, Morteza Jafarabadi, Jing Liu, Rong Han, Shenlin Wang, Alex I Smirnov
Over the past decades pulsed electron-electron double resonance (PELDOR), often called double electron-electron resonance (DEER), became one of the major spectroscopic tools for measurements of nanometer-scale distances and distance distributions in non-crystalline biological and chemical systems. The method is based on detecting the amplitude of the primary (3-pulse DEER) or refocused (4-pulse DEER) spin echo for the so-called "observer" spins when the other spins coupled to the former by a dipolar interaction are flipped by a "pump" pulse at another EPR frequency...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Rui Shi, Ramsey S Lewis, Dilip R Panthee
We describe herein a method of recharging used commercial spin columns or assembling homemade spin columns using filter paper as binding material for cost-effective, low throughput nucleic acid purification. The efficiency of filter paper-based spin columns was evaluated for purification of nucleic acids from various sources. Following protocols of commercial kits, we found filter paper to be a useful binding material for purification of nucleic acids, including plant genomic DNA, plant total RNA, PCR products, and DNA from agarose gels...
2018: PloS One
Shenghui Zhang, Yiqun Xie, Yibin Hu, Xiaobin Niu, Yin Wang
Fully spin-polarized current and negative differential resistance (NDR) are two important electronic transport properties for spintronic nanodevices based on two-dimensional materials. Here, we describe both the electric and optical tuning of the spin-polarized electronic transport properties of the indium triphosphide (InP3) monolayer, which is doped with Ge atoms, by using quantum transport calculations. The spin degeneration of the InP3 monolayer is lifted due to the doping of Ge atoms. By applying a small bias voltage, a fully spin-polarized current can be obtained along both the armchair and zigzag directions...
November 28, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Sampo J Hämäläinen, Marco Madami, Huajun Qin, Gianluca Gubbiotti, Sebastiaan van Dijken
Active manipulation of spin waves is essential for the development of magnon-based technologies. Here, we demonstrate programmable spin-wave filtering by resetting the spin structure of pinned 90° Néel domain walls in a continuous CoFeB film with abrupt rotations of uniaxial magnetic anisotropy. Using micro-focused Brillouin light scattering and micromagnetic simulations, we show that broad 90° head-to-head or tail-to-tail magnetic domain walls are transparent to spin waves over a broad frequency range. In contrast, magnetic switching to a 90° head-to-tail configuration produces much narrower and strongly reflecting domain walls at the same pinning locations...
November 19, 2018: Nature Communications
Xiong Li, Ce Wang, Xiaohua Huang, Tonghui Zhang, Xuefen Wang, Minghua Min, Lumin Wang, Hongliang Huang, Benjamin S Hsiao
The emergence of Steiner minimal tree is of fundamental importance, and designing such geometric structure and developing its application have practical effect in material engineering and biomedicine. We used a cutting-edge nanotechnology, electrospinning/netting, to generate a Steiner geometrical poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) nanofiber/nanonet filter for removing airborne particulate matter (PM). Manipulation of surface morphologies by precise control of charged situation enabled the creation of two-dimensional nanonets with Steiner geometry...
November 28, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shundong Yuan, Shiyan Wang, Zhaoyang Kong, Zhijie Xu, Long Yang, Diansheng Wang, Qidan Ling, Yudou Wang
The spin-dependent electron transport in the ferrocene-based molecular junctions, in which the molecules are 1,3-substituted and 1,3'-substituted ethynyl ferrocenes, respectively, is studied by the theoretical simulation with nonequilibrium Green's function and density functional theory. The calculated results suggest that the substitution position of the terminal ethynyl groups has a great effect on the spin-dependent current-voltage properties and the spin filtering efficiency of the molecular junctions. At the lower bias, high spin filtering efficiency is found in 1,3'-substituted ethynyl ferrocene junction, which suggests that the spin filtering efficiency is also dependent on the bias voltage...
February 26, 2018: Micromachines
Giang-Chau Ngo, Berkin Bilgic, Borjan A Gagoski, Bradley P Sutton
PURPOSE: Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) provides information about tissue composition and organization. However, current acquisition methods can be quite time consuming, limiting the use of QSM in studies and in monitoring dynamic events. In this work, time efficient spiral acquisitions are combined with a model-based image reconstruction approach. Magnetic field inhomogeneity artifacts are corrected to obtain full brain susceptibility maps. METHODS: Magnetic field maps, capturing the magnetic field inhomogeneity distribution due to non-tissue sources (background field), were estimated from a calibration scan...
November 2, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Pablo U Asshoff, Jose L Sambricio, Sergey Slizovskiy, Aidan P Rooney, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Sarah J Haigh, Vladimir Fal'ko, Irina V Grigorieva, Ivan J Vera-Marun
Hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is a prototypical high-quality two-dimensional insulator and an ideal material to study tunneling phenomena, as it can be easily integrated in vertical van der Waals devices. For spintronic devices, its potential has been demonstrated both for efficient spin injection in lateral spin valves and as a barrier in magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs). Here we reveal the effect of point defects inevitably present in mechanically exfoliated hBN on the tunnel magnetoresistance of Co-hBN-NiFe MTJs...
November 14, 2018: Nano Letters
Juan Correa, Luiz F Pinto, Libo Zhao, Ricardo Riguera, Eduardo Fernandez-Megia
A polymer-mediated paramagnetic spin relaxation (PSR) filter is presented for the selective suppression of signals from polymer-interacting species in the 1D and 2D NMR spectra of mixtures. The combined use of Gd3+ and a polymer with a high transverse relaxation enhancement (R2p , which gives a measure of the Gd3+ -complexing ability) results in the suppression of signals from any polymer-interacting component in mixtures, irrespective of their R2p . By using poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) as a model system, we demonstrate selective filtering of the signals of typical low-R2p species (insensitive to Gd3+ ), such as molecular/polymeric cations and non-ionic polymers, which, through PAA recognition (electrostatic/hydrogen-bonding interactions), become exposed to the paramagnetic effect of Gd3+ , while leaving non-PAA-interacting species unaffected...
October 17, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Christine F Markwalter, Paul L A M Corstjens, Claire M Mammoser, Garrett Camps, Govert J van Dam, David W Wright
Accurate and sensitive point-of-care diagnostic tools are critical for schistosomiasis control and elimination. The existing ultrasensitive lateral flow assay for the detection of Schistosoma circulating anodic antigen (CAA) has demonstrated excellent sensitivity but is time-consuming and requires significant laboratory infrastructure that limits its applicability at the point of care. To address this challenge, we sought to develop an alternative sample preparation method to concentrate CAA from large-volume urine samples requiring little-to-no laboratory equipment...
October 17, 2018: Analyst
Bastian Trepka, Julian Stiegeler, Ilona Wimmer, Mikhail Fonin, Sebastian Polarz
EuO is unique, because it belongs to the few solids combining semiconducting properties (Egap = 1.1 eV) with native ferromagnetism. For future applications of EuO, e.g. as spin-filters or for sensors, one has to learn how defined nanostructures can be prepared. Unlike other ceramic oxides, there are no established soft-chemistry routes (e.g. sol-gel) towards EuO nanomaterials e.g. porous materials. This is due to the labile nature of the oxidation state Eu(+ii). We present a particle-based method leading to a EuO aerogel...
November 7, 2018: Nanoscale
P Zhao, G Chen
Based on the first-principles density functional theory combined with the non-equilibrium Green's function method, we have studied the spin-polarized and thermospin-polarized transport properties of phthalocyanine (Pc) dimer based molecular junction with different transition metal (TM = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni) atoms. Our results show that the spin-polarized and thermospin-polarized transport properties can be effectively tuned by changing the central TM atoms, and only the MnPc dimer system exhibits perfect spin/thermal-spin filtering and sizeable giant magnetoresistance (GMR)/thermal-GMR effects...
October 7, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Lena V Gast, Teresa Gerhalter, Bernhard Hensel, Michael Uder, Armin M Nagel
Double quantum filtered 23 Na MRI with magic angle excitation (DQF-MA) can be used to selectively detect sodium ions located within anisotropic structures such as muscle fibers. It might therefore be a promising tool to analyze the microscopic environment of sodium ions, for example in the context of osmotically neutral sodium retention. However, DQF-MA imaging is challenging due to various signal dependences, on both measurement parameters and external influences. The aim of this work was to examine how B0 in combination with B1 inhomogeneities alter the DQF-MA signal intensity...
October 5, 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
Osamu Takayama, Johneph Sukham, Radu Malureanu, Andrei V Lavrinenko, Graciana Puentes
The photonic spin Hall effect in transmission is a transverse beam shift of the out-coming beam depending on polarization of the incoming beam. The effect can be significantly enhanced by materials with high anisotropy. We report, to the best of our knowledge, the first experimental demonstration of the photonic spin Hall effect in a multilayer hyperbolic metamaterial at visible wavelengths (wavelengths of 520 and 633 nm). The metamaterial is composed of alternating layers of gold and alumina with deeply subwavelength thicknesses, exhibiting extremely large anisotropy...
October 1, 2018: Optics Letters
Shirin Asaadi, Tia Kakko, Alistair W T King, Ilkka Kilpeläinen, Michael Hummel, Herbert Sixta
Cellulose acetate is one of the most important cellulose derivatives. Herein we present a method to access cellulose acetate with a low degree of substitution through a homogeneous reaction in the ionic liquid 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-enium acetate ([DBNH][OAc]). This ionic liquid has also been identified as an excellent cellulose solvent for dry-jet wet fiber spinning. Cellulose was dissolved in [DBNH][OAc] and esterified in situ to be immediately spun into modified cellulose filaments with a degree of substitution (DS) value of 0...
July 2, 2018: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Junjian Zheng, Kaili Yan, Zhichao Wu, Mingxian Liu, Zhiwei Wang
Removal of sulfanilic acid (SA) from water is an urgent but still challenging task. Herein, we developed a low pressure electrochemical membrane filtration (EMF) system for SA decontamination using RuO2 -TiO2 @Ti/PVDF composite membrane to serve as not only a filter but also an anode. Results showed that efficient removal of SA was achieved in this EMF system. At a charging voltage of 1.5 V and a electrolyte concentration of 15 mM, flow-through operation with a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 2 h led to a high SA removal efficiency (80...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Marceo V W Zibetti, Azadeh Sharafi, Ricardo Otazo, Ravinder R Regatte
PURPOSE: Use compressed sensing (CS) for 3D biexponential spin-lattice relaxation time in the rotating frame (T1ρ ) mapping of knee cartilage, reducing the total scan time and maintaining the quality of estimated biexponential T1ρ parameters (short and long relaxation times and corresponding fractions) comparable to fully sampled scans. METHODS: Fully sampled 3D-T1ρ -weighted data sets were retrospectively undersampled by factors 2-10. CS reconstruction using 12 different sparsifying transforms were compared for biexponential T1ρ -mapping of knee cartilage, including temporal and spatial wavelets and finite differences, dictionary from principal component analysis (PCA), k-means singular value decomposition (K-SVD), exponential decay models, and also low rank and low rank plus sparse models...
September 19, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Anshuman Pandey, James W Gregory
Imaging of pressure-sensitive paint (PSP) for pressure measurement on moving surfaces is problematic due to the movement of the object within the finite exposure time of the imager, resulting in the blurring of the blade edges. The blurring problem is particularly challenging when high-sensitivity PSP with a long lifetime is used, where the long luminescence time constant of exponential light decay following a burst of excitation light energy results in blurred images. One method to ameliorate this effect is image deconvolution using a point spread function (PSF) based on an estimation of the luminescent time constant...
September 13, 2018: Sensors
Barnali Bhattacharya, Rajkumar Mondal, Utpal Sarkar
Density functional theory (DFT) combined with nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) formalism are used to investigate the effects of substitutional doping by nitrogen and sulfur on transport properties of AGNR-pentalene-AGNR nanojunction. A considerable spin filtering capability in a wide bias range is observed for all systems, which may have potential application in spintronics devices. Moreover, all model devices exhibit a negative differential effect with considerable peak-to-valley ratio. Thus, our findings provide a way to produce multifunctional spintronic devices based on nitrogen and sulfur doped pentalene-AGNR nanojunctions...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Volodymyr V Maslyuk, Rafael Gutierrez, Arezoo Dianat, Vladimiro Mujica, Gianaurelio Cuniberti
Chirality-induced spin selectivity (CISS) is a recently discovered effect, whose precise microscopic origin has not yet been fully elucidated; it seems, however, clear that spin-orbit interaction plays a pivotal role. Various model Hamiltonian approaches have been proposed, suggesting a close connection between spin selectivity and filtering and helical symmetry. However, first-principles studies revealing the influence of chirality on the spin polarization are missing. To clearly demonstrate the influence of the helical conformation on the spin polarization properties, we have carried out spin-dependent Density-Functional Theory (DFT) based transport calculations for a model molecular system...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
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