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Å Bakke, A T Tran, I Dalen, J G Cooper, K F Løvaas, A K Jenum, T J Berg, T V Madsen, K Nøkleby, B Gjelsvik, T Claudi, S Skeie, S Carlsen, S Sandberg, G Thue
AIMS: To assess population, general practitioner (GP) and practice characteristics associated with the performance of microvascular screening procedures and to propose strategies to improve Type 2 diabetes care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey in Norway (281 GPs from 77 practices) identified 8246 people with a Type 2 diabetes duration of 1 year or more. We used multilevel regression models with either the recording of at least two of three recommended screening procedures (albuminuria, monofilament, eye examination) or each procedure separately as dependent variable (yes/no), and characteristics related to the person with diabetes, GP or practice as independent variables...
October 21, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Enikő Bóna, Zsuzsanna Szél, Dániel Kiss, V Anna Gyarmathy
AIM: In the present study, we aim to assess the prevalence and certain psychological and other correlates of orthorexic tendencies: health and exercise behaviors and demographic variables among gym attendees in Hungary. METHODS: Altogether, responses of 207 gym attendees who filled out an online questionnaire (03/2017-10/2017) were analyzed. The mean age was 31.9 years; most were female and college educated, and about half resided in the capital city. Frequencies and means were calculated for the sample; and univariate linear regression and ANOVA were carried out...
October 20, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Yuval Palgi, Liat Ayalon, Sharon Avidor, Dikla Segel-Karpas, Ehud Bodner
The present study examined whether endorsing a felt-age that is extremely divergent from one's actual age (whether older or younger) is related to worse functioning four years later. Data were drawn from 4938 participants, who completed the 2008 and 2012 questionnaires of the Health-and-Retirement-Study (HRS). Participants were divided into four groups according to their reported proportional-felt-age: the normative-young (N = 2229), reported a normative felt-age at the median or younger; normative-old (N = 2226), reported normative felt-age at the median and older; and the extremely young and extremely old proportional-felt-age (upper and lower 5% of felt-age; N's = 242 and 241, respectively)...
October 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Cameron B Richardson, Nicole R Morgan, Julia A Bleser, Keith R Aronson, Daniel F Perkins
Evaluators are challenged to keep pace with the vast array of Veteran support programs operating in the United States, resulting in a situation in which many programs lack any evidence of impact. Due to this lack of evidence, there is no efficient way to suggest which programs are most effective in helping Veterans in need of support. One potential solution to this dilemma is to reconceptualize program evaluation, by moving away from evaluating programs individually to evaluating what is common across programs...
October 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Jessica M Madrigal, Victoria Persky, Andrea Pappalardo, Maria Argos
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to cadmium, cobalt, lead, and manganese has been associated with decreased pulmonary function in adults. Little is known about the magnitude of these associations among children in the United States. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated cross-sectional associations of blood and urinary concentrations of cadmium, cobalt, lead, and manganese with pulmonary function measures [forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1; milliliters), forced vital capacity (FVC; milliliters), ratio of FEV1 to FVC (FEV1:FVC), and mid-exhalation forced expiratory flow rate (FEF 25-75%; milliliters/second)] in a sample of 1234 6-17 year olds, who participated in the 2011-2012 survey cycle of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
October 18, 2018: Environment International
Mohammad Al Qadire
BACKGROUND: Various approaches and frameworks have been designed and tested to increase the uptake of research findings into practice. One approach is to base healthcare providers' practices on the best available research evidence rather than on expired policy or tradition. For which knowledge of evidence-based practice (EBP) principles is a prerequisite. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current inquiry is to evaluate Jordanian nursing students' knowledge of EBP. DESIGN: This study was an on-line cross-sectional survey...
October 16, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Sara A Heyn, Taylor J Keding, Marisa C Ross, Josh M Cisler, Jeanette A Mumford, Ryan J Herringa
BACKGROUND: Prior studies of pediatric posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have reported cross-sectional and age-related structural and functional brain abnormalities in networks associated with cognitive, affective, and self-referential processing. However, no reported studies have comprehensively examined longitudinal gray matter development and its intrinsic functional correlates in pediatric PTSD. METHODS: Twenty-seven youths with PTSD and 21 nontraumatized typically developing (TD) youths were assessed at baseline and 1-year follow-up...
August 16, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Alisson R Teles, Don Daniel Ocay, Abdulaziz Bin Shebreen, Andrew Tice, Neil Saran, Jean A Ouellet, Catherine E Ferland
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Although 40% of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients present with chronic back pain, the pathophysiology and underlying pain mechanisms remain poorly understood. We hypothesized that development of chronic pain syndrome in AIS is associated with alterations in pain modulatory mechanisms. PURPOSE: To identify the presence of sensitization in nociceptive pathways and to assess the efficacy of the diffuse noxious inhibitory control in patients with AIS presenting with chronic back pain...
October 18, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Vassiliki Sinopoulou, Morris Gordon, Paul Rutter
BACKGROUND: Increases in patients seeking advice at pharmacies has led to pharmacy staff engaging in diagnostic behaviours. Approaches to diagnosis include using mnemonics and clinical reasoning. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this review was to assess the degree to which the criteria researchers use to evaluate diagnostic performance in pharmacy consultations, in studies that have simulated patients or vignettes, conform with a clinical reasoning and a mnemonic framework...
October 11, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Tomoko Tanaka Saotome, Keiko Yonezawa, Nobuhiko Suganuma
INTRODUCTION: Sexual function and frequency can change between couples during pregnancy and postpartum, with a decline in sexual function in women. AIM: To investigate sexual function in couples during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: This questionnaire-based cross-sectional descriptive study solicited data from 551 couples, 127 (23%) of whom responded: 15 during the first trimester; 26 during the second trimester; and 21, 22, 21, and 22 at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postpartum, respectively...
October 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine
J J Amaro-Alcalá, R Rosas-Avilés, J J Marval-Ortiz, L Díaz-Espinoza, J R Gómez-Mancebo, F Rodríguez-Urbaneja, J M Torres-Viera, R López-Nouel, L E López-Gómez, W Alaeddine-Noueihed, E Martínez-Gutiérrez, M Durán-Castillo, J Acosta-Martínez
INTRODUCTION: In Venezuela, no large studies have been conducted to determine the level of control of hypertension (HT). OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to know the prevalence of controlled HT among hypertensive patients treated pharmacologically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-section study was conducted on patients 18years and older. RESULTS: A total of 4,320 patients were included. The prevalence of controlled hypertension was 52...
October 17, 2018: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
Carla Figueiredo Brandão, Viviane Maia Barreto Oliveira, Ada Rocha Ramony Martins Santos, Taísa Midlej Martins da Silva, Verônica Queiroz Cruz Vilella, Gleice Glenda Prata Pimentel Simas, Laura Regina Santos Carvalho, Raissa Aires Costa Carvalho, Ana Marice Teixeira Ladeia
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most prevalent monogenic hereditary pathology associated with the presence of hemoglobin SS in the world. It can affect individuals, leading to changes in the face and body, causing a deficiency in dental and bone tissue formation that can ultimately result in a higher level of predisposition to developing dental caries. This study aimed to evaluate the oral condition of children and adolescents with SCD in comparison with the condition of healthy controls...
October 20, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Esambe Emmanuel Edietah, Philip Nana Njotang, Atem Bethel Ajong, Marie José Essi, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Enow Robinson Mbu
BACKGROUND: Reducing unmet need for family planning by increasing the rate of modern contraceptive use is indispensable if Cameroon must meet maternal mortality targets of the Sustainable Development Goals. The objective of this survey was to estimate the rate of contraceptive use and identify factors associated with unmet need for family planning in rural Cameroon. METHODS: It was conducted a community-based cross sectional survey from February to March 2016 targeting women in a union of the Wum Health District...
October 20, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Ingela Thylén, Debra K Moser, Anna Strömberg
BACKGROUND: Elderly individuals are increasingly represented among patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), but data describing life with an ICD are scarse among octo- and nonagenarians. Moreover, few studies have reported those elderly patients' perspective on timly discussions concerning what shock deactivation involves, preferences on battery replacement, and their attitudes about turning off the ICD nearing end-of-life. Consequently, the aim of the study was to describe outlooks on life and death in octo- and nonagenarian ICD-recipients...
October 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Oleg Kostko, Bo Xu, Musahid Ahmed, Daniel S Slaughter, D Frank Ogletree, Kristina D Closser, David G Prendergast, Patrick Naulleau, Deirdre L Olynick, Paul D Ashby, Yi Liu, William D Hinsberg, Gregory M Wallraff
New photoresists are needed to advance extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography. The tailored design of efficient photoresists is enabled by a fundamental understanding of EUV induced chemistry. Processes that occur in the resist film after absorption of an EUV photon are discussed, and a new approach to study these processes on a fundamental level is described. The processes of photoabsorption, electron emission, and molecular fragmentation were studied experimentally in the gas-phase on analogs of the monomer units employed in chemically amplified EUV resists...
October 21, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Lulu Zhang, Shoubao Gao, Qingtian Meng, Jie Pan, Yuzhi Song
The single-sheeted potential energy surface (PES) of <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:msub> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>H</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mn>2</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:msub> <mml:mi>S</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>+</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>(</mml:mo> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>X</mml:mi> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mtext> </mml:mtext> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mn>2</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:msup> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>A</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>'</mml:mo> <mml:mo>'</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:msup> </mml:mrow> <mml:mo>)</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:math> is developed based on the ab initio energies calculated by the multi-reference configuration interaction method including the Davidson correction...
October 21, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
M E Loades, K A Rimes, S Ali, K Lievesley, T Chalder
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have found that parents of children with CFS are more fatigued, and mothers are more distressed than healthy controls. Managing the disabling symptoms of CFS can result in disruption and burden for the family. Most research has focused on mothers. This study sought to further explore the associations between adolescent fatigue and distress, and parental fatigue and distress, as well as family functioning, including both mothers and fathers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of a clinical cohort of consecutive attenders at a specialist chronic fatigue unit...
October 20, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Myoungjee Jung
BACKGROUND: Considering the rising suicide risk rate, we investigated the associations between alcohol abuse, smoking, and suicide risk. METHODS: Participants were 21,654 (male: 9,729, female: 11,925) responders of the National Nutrition Survey from 2013 to 2015 in Korea. Associations between alcohol, smoking, and suicide risk were analyzed using logistic regression and path analysis. The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) measured alcohol consumption levels...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Aslı Sis Çelik, Nurcan Kirca
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for domestic violence among women seeking infertility treatment at an IVF center. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 423 infertile women who referred to the IVF Center in the southwest of Turkey between 1 January and 31 July 2016. The women were interviewed without their male partners by using the questionnaire and Infertile Women's Exposure to Violence Determination Scale...
October 13, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Francisco Locks, Nidhi Gupta, Pascal Madeleine, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Ana Beatriz Oliveira, Andreas Holtermann
BACKGROUND: Pain in the lower extremities is common among blue-collar workers, with prolonged static standing as a potential risk factor. However, little is known about the association between diurnal accelerometer measures of static standing and pain in the lower extremities, and the potential importance of temporal patterns of static standing for this association. RESEARCH QUESTION: We aimed to investigate the cross-sectional association between accelerometer measures of total static standing time and temporal patterns (bout duration) of static standing (short: 0-5 min; moderate: >5-10 min; and long bouts: >10 min) during total day, work and leisure and pain intensity (on a 0-10 scale) in hips, knees and feet/ankles...
October 10, 2018: Gait & Posture
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