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Conversion Aphonia

Limor Benyamini, Ziv Gil, Jacob T Cohen
BACKGROUND: Trachea esophageal puncture (TEP) is performed following total laryngectomy to allow speech and communication. The most common reason for long-term speech failure in this population is hypertonicity of the constrictor muscle. OBJECTIVES: To present our experience with the treatment of aphonic patients after total laryngectomy and TEP and suggest a protocol for treatment. METHODS: Of 50 patients who underwent total laryngectomy and TEP, 6 suffered from aphonia after surgery...
December 2014: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Regina Helena Garcia Martins, Elaine Lara Mendes Tavares, Paula Ferreira Ranalli, Anete Branco, Adriana Bueno Benito Pessin
INTRODUCTION: Psychogenic dysphonia is a functional disorder with variable clinical manifestations. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical and vocal characteristics of patients with psychogenic dysphonia in a case series. METHODS: The study included 28 adult patients with psychogenic dysphonia, evaluated at a University hospital in the last ten years. Assessed variables included gender, age, occupation, vocal symptoms, vocal characteristics, and videolaryngostroboscopic findings...
November 2014: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Kwok-On Ng, Jia-Fu Lee, Wui-Chiu Mui
Aphonia induced by conversion disorder during surgery is a rare event. We report a woman 28 years of age who was undergoing a Cesarean section under epidural anesthesia. The patient sustained aphonia without detected neurologic deficits. Emergency consultations of a psychiatrist and neurologist were carried out in the operating room postoperatively. After a thorough medical and neurologic work-up, the consultative psychiatrist and the neurologist unanimously made the diagnosis of conversion disorder. Thirty-six hours after the operation, the patient's voice started to return...
September 2012: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
Robert G Bota, Walter F Ricci, Adrian Preda
We report a case of conversion disorder (partial aphonia) that was successfully treated with speech therapy. During the one year duration of this illness, the patient regained transiently (minutes) her normal speech on a few occasions, independently of concomitant pharmacological interventions. One year after recovery she developed aphonia for the second time, which responded again to speech therapy, although the response rate was slower. Several mechanisms of conversion disorder are reviewed as specifically applied to this case...
October 2010: CNS Spectrums
J-P Schuster, S Mouchabac, Y Le Strat, F Limosin
BACKGROUND: Conversion disorders comprise many clinical pictures, including hysterical mutism. Hysterical mutism has emerged as a clinical entity that remains difficult to diagnose, and whose treatment is poorly codified. Hysterical mutism is a disorder of the vocal function without changing the integrity of the body, resulting in loss of voice. Identified at all times, hysterical mutism entered the medical field in the late nineteenth century, under the direction of Jean-Martin Charcot (Salpêtrière School)...
October 2011: L'Encéphale
Robert G Bota, Walter F Ricci, Adrian Preda
We report a case of conversion disorder (partial aphonia) that was successfully treated with speech therapy. During the one year duration of this illness, the patient regained transiently (minutes) her normal speech on a few occasions, independently of concomitant pharmacological interventions. One year after recovery she developed aphonia for the second time, which responded again to speech therapy, although the response rate was slower. Several mechanisms of conversion disorder are reviewed as specifically applied to this case...
October 1, 2010: CNS Spectrums
Juerg Kolbrunner, Anne-Dorine Menet, Eberhard Seifert
BACKGROUND: Although psychogenic aphonia is considered to be a conversion disorder, aphonic patients are primarily treated symptomatically. This is because it is considered of overriding importance to elicit a voice quickly to avoid fixation of the aphonia. The aim of this study was to show that, for patients exhibiting the symptom of voicelessness, not eliciting the voice immediately will not lead to a permanent aphonia. METHODS: Between February 2000 and May 2006, aphonia was diagnosed in 22 patients...
January 9, 2010: Swiss Medical Weekly
Anthony Feinstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2009: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Ljiljana Vlaski, Danijela Dragicević, Dragan Dankuc, Vladimir Kljajić, Slobodanka Lemajić-komazec, Zoran Komazec
INTRODUCTION: Acute hearing impairment or deafhess may manifest as unilateral or bilateral. The etiopathogenetic substrate may be organic, functional and of unknown origin, the so-called idiopathic. The functional causes of impaired hearing and deafness also include psychogenic factors, where the essential dysfunction exists between the conscious simulation of hearing impairment and deafness for benefits versus psychogenic hearing impairment in conversion disorders where physical symptoms result as a symbolic expression of long-term psychological problems or conflicts...
2008: Medicinski Pregled
Koji Tsuruga, Toshiyuki Kobayashi, Nobuhide Hirai, Satoshi Kato
Psychiatric symptoms are often manifested in verbal expression. Generally, the contents of such expression are pathological. The formal abnormalities of speech are also observed in various mental disorders, as far as quantitative abnormalities are concerned. However, disturbance of intonation, namely disprosody, is more commonly observed in organic disorders of the brain. When the accent of words and the intonation of sentences changes from that of a native speaker, the speech sounds like the broken language of untrained foreigners...
2008: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
Giovanna Cantarella, Davide Pagani, Valter Fasano, Gabriele Scaramellini
The incidence of tuberculosis has progressively decreased in developed countries after the advent of antituberculous chemotherapy, but has recently been increasing again mainly due to migratory flows. Although common in the past and considered to be a prelethal event, laryngeal involvement has become a rarity. We report the case of a 52-year-old female smoker who complained of persistent aphonia. Videostroboscopy showed bilateral vocal fold erythroleukoplakias. A chest X-ray and CT scan aroused the suspicion of lung tuberculosis, which was confirmed by Ziehl-Neelsen staining for acid-alcohol-fast bacilli on bronchoalveolar lavage...
May 2007: Tumori
Duangjai Kasantikul, Buranee Kanchanatawan
BACKGROUND: Prolonged use of antipsychotic drugs (AP) with or without sudden withdrawal as well as high dosage of AP (at least 3 months) may result in a variety of movement disorders such as classical tardive dyskinesia (tongue rolling, lip pouting, trunkal choreiform movements), tardive myoclonus (sudden, brief involuntary jerking), tardive dystonia (tongue protrusion, torticollis, scoliosis, jaw spasm, bruxism, abnormal trunkal posture, or "Pisa syndrome", strong contraction of arm and leg)...
January 2007: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Ulrike Willinger, Sabine Völkl-Kernstock, Harald Nikolaus Aschauer
The etiology of functional dysphonia is still unclear, but psychological factors are assumed to play an important role . The purpose of this report is to investigate the impact of depression and anxiety in functional dysphonia. Sixty-one patients with functional dysphonia were screened for additional psychiatric disorders (besides 300.11) by a clinical psychiatric interview. They were then compared with healthy controls, matched by age, sex and occupation, with respect to self-reported symptoms of depression, generalized anxiety, and specific anxiety concerning health...
March 30, 2005: Psychiatry Research
Blagoje Kuljić
Although a common disease, conversion disorder still calls attention in the clinical practice. A case of conversion disorder, diagnosed as a psychogenic aphonia that persisted for a week, was reported in this paper. A 21-year-old woman developed symptoms after breaking off a long-lasting relationship with her boy-friend. History revealed that she was introvert with high neuroticism and communication problems. Cognitive-behavioral therapy was used. After the positive reinforcement in the therapy of her aphonia, assertion training for the development of communication skills was performed...
November 2004: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Kaori Yokoyama, Yoshito Okutsu, Hisae Fujita
Neurological complications related to spinal anesthesia are exceptional, but their consequences are serious. We report a case of conversion disorder, which was initially diagnosed as monoplegia caused by spinal anesthesia. The patient was a 36-year-old, 88 kg woman with a history of psychogenic aphonia. She underwent plastic surgery for both toes under spinal anesthesia. On the following day, her left leg remained paralyzed with loss of sensation below the knee level. She practiced walking according to rehabilitation program, but paralysis became worse gradually...
December 2002: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
M S Bhatia, L Vaid
Hysteria is a common neurotic disorder in psychiatric practice. Many of its conversion symptoms have not been studied in detail. In the present prospective study in a tertiary care teaching hospital, 25 cases of hysterical aphonia were analysed. There were 17 females and 8 males. Mean age of presentation was 18.4 years in females and 21.2 years in males. Majority of patients were literate upto primary class, belonging to joint family and had urban background. Duration of symptoms was within 2 weeks. Most common precipitating factor was stress of examination or failure followed by quarrels with peers or spouse...
August 2000: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences
H P Kapfhammer, P Dobmeier, C Mayer, H B Rothenhäusler
Conversion syndromes are frequent among medically unexplained somatic symptoms in neurology. A careful differential diagnosis must be carried out in a psychiatric consultation service. In a prospective study lasting for over four years 169 patients with pseudoneurological signs of conversion were included. From a clinical point of view the following conversion syndromes were presented: astasia/abasia: 27.2%, paresis/plegia: 24.3%, aphonia: 1.8%, hyp-/anaesthesia: 21.9%, blindness: 5.3%, non-epileptic seizures: 19...
December 1998: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
C H Yang, Y C Lee, C H Lin, K Chang
From March 1986 to April 1995, 418 consecutive psychiatric consultations for patients aged 18 or below were completed. Ten of these patients met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th. edition (DSM-IV) diagnostic criteria for a conversion disorder. The medical and psychiatric consultation records of these patients were reviewed. Chief conversion symptoms included pseudoseizure (four cases), gait disturbance (two cases), abnormal movement (one case), four limbs weakness (one case), aphonia (one case) and tunnel vision (one case)...
November 1996: Zhonghua Minguo Xiao Er Ke Yi Xue Hui za Zhi [Journal]
P Butcher
Using Freud's hysterical conversion model as a basis for reviewing the psychological features in psychogenic voice disorder, this paper describes research findings which show that individuals with this condition are not usually suffering from severe psychopathology but tend to be women who are experiencing high levels of stress (commonly associated with interpersonal relationship conflicts, low self-esteem, the burden of responsibility and feelings of powerlessness), and have above-average musculoskeletal tension as well as difficulties in voicing their feelings or views...
1995: European Journal of Disorders of Communication
M D Morrison, L A Rammage
It is apparent that voice disorders frequently labelled "functional" are associated with laryngeal muscle misuse. This use of the word "functional" is, however, intrinsically ambiguous, and so we propose an alternative term based on descriptive features of dysfunction: "muscle misuse voice disorders". Persistent phonation with an abnormal laryngeal posture can lead to organic changes such as nodules or polyps, particularly in females with posterior glottic chink. We hypothesized that the chink was related to an overall increase in laryngeal muscle tension, and more directly due to inadequate relaxation of the posterior crico-arytenoid muscle during phonation...
May 1993: Acta Oto-laryngologica
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