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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30079594/dietary-underreporting-in-women-affected-by-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#1
Rachele De Giuseppe, Valentina Braschi, David Bosoni, Ginevra Biino, Fatima C Stanford, Rossella E Nappi, Hellas Cena
AIM: The first-line therapy for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is weight loss focussing on diet and regular exercise; measurement of diet and energy intake (EI) is important to determine associations between nutrients and health in women with PCOS. The EI underreporting (UR) is a condition characterised by reports of habitual EI that is implausibly low, compared with estimated requirements. This case-control study aims to evaluate UR in women with PCOS. METHODS: Thirty-six women with PCOS were enrolled according to the Rotterdam criteria; 37 healthy women were enrolled as controls...
August 5, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30033891/source-and-amount-of-carbohydrate-in-the-diet-and-inflammation-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#2
Luigi Barrea, Paolo Marzullo, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Carolina Di Somma, Massimo Scacchi, Francesco Orio, Gianluca Aimaretti, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
High carbohydrate intake and low-grade inflammation cooperate with insulin resistance and hyperandrogenism to constitute an interactive continuum acting on the pathophysiology of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age characterised by oligo-anovulatory infertility and cardiometabolic disorders. The role of insulin in PCOS is pivotal both in regulating the activity of ovarian and liver enzymes, respectively involved in androgen production and in triggering low-grade inflammation usually reported to be associated with an insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia and cardiometabolic diseases...
July 23, 2018: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016431/ovarian-response-is-associated-with-anogenital-distance-in-patients-undergoing-controlled-ovarian-stimulation-for-ivf
#3
F Fabregues, I González-Foruria, J Peñarrubia, F Carmona
STUDY QUESTION: Is the length of the anogenital distance (AGD) a biomarker of ovarian reserve and response to controlled ovarian stimulation (COS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Shorter AGD is associated with presence of poor ovarian response. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Organ development during prenatal life is influenced by the prevailing intrauterine environment, and it has been suggested that nutritional, environmental and toxic factors could affect ovarian reserve set prenatally...
July 16, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897462/gut-microbiota-and-the-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-influence-of-sex-sex-hormones-and-obesity
#4
María Insenser, Mora Murri, Rosa Del Campo, M Ángeles Martínez-García, Elena Fernández-Durán, Héctor F Escobar-Morreale
Context: Gut microbiota play a major role in health and disease by influencing physiology, metabolism, nutrition, and immune function. Objective: To evaluate the composition of gut microbiota in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), focusing on the influence of sex, sex hormones and obesity on the associations found. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Academic hospital. Participants: We recruited 15 women with PCOS, 16 nonhyperandrogenic control women, and 15 control men...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750655/metabolic-risk-factors-in-adolescent-girls-with-type-1-diabetes
#5
Cíntia Castro-Correia, Rita Santos-Silva, Marta Pinheiro, Carla Costa, Manuel Fontoura
BACKGROUND: The incidence of pediatric metabolic syndrome (MS) has progressively increased. The incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) has also increased. Thus, some children and adolescents with T1DM exhibit MS parameters. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of MS parameters in female adolescents with T1DM based on their nutritional status. METHODS: We evaluated 44 adolescents with T1DM (consecutive non-randomized sample) aged between 14 and 18 years, who were on intensive therapy with insulin...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523006/the-effects-of-supplementation-with-chromium-on-insulin-resistance-indices-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#6
Javad Heshmati, Reza Omani-Samani, Samira Vesali, Saman Maroufizadeh, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Maryam Razavi, Mahdi Sepidarkish
Recently, the effects of nutritional supplementation on improvement or prevention of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been considered. Several studies have been carried out on the effect of chromium supplementation in improving PCOS patients. This study aimed to summarize the available findings regarding the effect of chromium on improving the polycystic ovary syndrome. The review includes randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing chromium treatment with placebo or other treatments in women with PCOS...
March 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374985/preptin-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
Agata Mierzwicka, Justyna Kuliczkowska-Plaksej, Katarzyna Kolačkov, Marek Bolanowski
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients, frequently develop metabolic complications, such as insulin resistance (IR), impaired carbohydrate metabolism, dyslipidemia, obesity. Among the new markers responsible for metabolic disorders, preptin seems to be of great significance. MATERIAL: One hundred and thirty-four women aged 17-45 were enrolled. PCOS was diagnosed in 73 women on the basis of ESHRE-ASRM criteria. Non-PCOS group consisted of 61 women with regular menstruation matched for nutritional status...
June 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182737/health-related-knowledge-beliefs-and-self-efficacy-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#8
Annie W Lin, Jamie S Dollahite, Jeffery Sobal, Marla E Lujan
STUDY QUESTION: Do health-related knowledge, beliefs and self-efficacy differ between women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women with PCOS felt at greater risk for adverse health outcomes, yet believed a healthy lifestyle was less beneficial to prevent weight gain relative to a comparison group. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Diet and physical activity are often used to treat PCOS, but there are high attrition rates and less engagement in self-help methods...
January 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178904/nutritional-supplements-and-herbal-medicines-for-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Susan Arentz, Caroline A Smith, Jason Abbott, Alan Bensoussan
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common, reproductive endocrinopathy associated with serious short and long term health risks. Many women with PCOS use ingestible complementary medicines. This systematic review examined the effect on menstrual regulation and adverse effects from randomised controlled trials. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared herbal or nutritional supplements to placebo or active controls in women with PCOS were eligible for inclusion...
November 25, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138958/predictors-of-depression-in-iranian-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#10
Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Tahereh Behroozi Lak, Fatemeh Aliasghari
Depression is a major complication of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Lifestyle modification can prevent it. This study aimed to determine the predictors of depression in women with PCOS. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 174 women who attended in infertility clinics in Urmia-Iran, 2015. The data were collected through socio-demographic, Beck Depression Inventory-II and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-2 questionnaires. The mean (standard deviation) of total score of the depression was obtained 27...
November 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084412/nutritional-counseling-promotes-changes-in-the-dietary-habits-of-overweight-and-obese-adolescents-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#11
Adriana Lúcia Carolo, Maria Célia Mendes, Ana Carolina Japur de Sá Rosa E Silva, Carolina Sales Vieira, Marcos Felipe Silva de Sá, Rui Alberto Ferriani, Rosana Maria Dos Reis
Objective To evaluate the effects of nutritional counseling on the dietary habits and anthropometric parameters of overweight and obese adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods This was a prospective, longitudinal and auto-controlled study. Thirty adolescents aged 13-19 years-old, diagnosed with PCOS received nutritional counseling and were followed-up for 6 months. After the follow-up period, the results were evaluated through body weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
October 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727165/increased-fibre-and-reduced-trans-fatty-acid-intake-are-primary-predictors-of-metabolic-improvement-in-overweight-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-substudy-of-randomized-trial-between-diet-exercise-and-diet-plus-exercise-for-weight-control
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Åsa Nybacka, Per M Hellström, Angelica L Hirschberg
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is commonly affected by obesity. PCOS phenotypes are prone to increased waist/hip ratio, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. This substudy was undertaken to evaluate the effects of lifestyle interventions on metabolic biomarkers in overweight/obese PCOS women and the interventional effects of dietary components related to metabolic outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized three-arm parallel study. PATIENTS: Fifty-seven PCOS women body mass index (BMI >27 kg/m2 , age 18-40) were randomly assigned to diet (D, n = 19), exercise (E, n = 19) or diet plus exercise (DE, n = 19) in three-arm fashion over 16 weeks...
December 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606381/which-origin-for-polycystic-ovaries-syndrome-genetic-environmental-or-both
#13
REVIEW
Patrick Fenichel, Charlotte Rougier, Sylvie Hieronimus, Nicolas Chevalier
Polycystic ovaries syndrome (PCOS), the most common female endocrine disorder, affects 7-10% of women of childbearing age. It includes ovarian hyperandrogenism, impaired follicular maturation, anovulation and subfertility. Insulin resistance, although present in most cases, is not necessary for diagnosis. It increases hyperandrogenism and long-term metabolic, cardiovascular and oncological risks. The origin of hyperandrogenism and hyperinsulinemia has a genetic component, as demonstrated by familial aggregation studies and recent identification of associated genomic variants, conferring a particular susceptibility to the syndrome...
July 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521685/weighing-the-impact-of-diet-and-lifestyle-on-female-reproductive-function
#14
Gabriella Garruti, Raffaella De Palo, Maria De Angelisc
In the last years several scientific societies and expert groups focused on the role played by nutritional factors, lifestyle and excess of body fat in interfering with female reproduction and fertility. In many studies a confounding factor is represented by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) which is one of the major causes of infertility where genetic and family factors are certainly playing a role, together with lifestyle and nutritional factors. In an attempt to define "the optimal fertility diet", we will consider the role played by Mediterranean lifestyle and some macronutrients (animal and vegetable proteins) on ovulatory disorders and female fertility also considering some new visions derived from randomized trials of Lifestyle programs in obese Infertile women asking for in vitro fertilization or alternative assisted reproduction technologies...
May 17, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416368/nutritional-management-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review-study
#15
REVIEW
Zeinab Faghfoori, Siavash Fazelian, Mahdi Shadnoush, Reza Goodarzi
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, which leads to reproductive, hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. Due to the presence of insulin resistance, PCOS increases the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, cardiovascular diseases and malignancies such as breast and endometrial cancer. The actual cause of this syndrome is unknown but environmental factors such as dietary habits play an important role in prevention and treatment and lifestyle modifications are the most important therapeutic strategies in these patients...
November 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323951/assessing-energy-requirements-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-comparison-against-doubly-labeled-water
#16
Nicholas T Broskey, Monica C Klempel, L Anne Gilmore, Elizabeth F Sutton, Abby D Altazan, Jeffrey H Burton, Eric Ravussin, Leanne M Redman
Context: Weight loss is prescribed to offset the deleterious consequences of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but a successful intervention requires an accurate assessment of energy requirements. Objective: Describe energy requirements in women with PCOS and evaluate common prediction equations compared with doubly labeled water (DLW). Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Academic research center. Participants: Twenty-eight weight-stable women with PCOS completed a 14-day DLW study along with measures of body composition and resting metabolic rate and assessment of physical activity by accelerometry...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303702/studies-on-the-quality-nutrition-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#17
Małgorzata Szczuko, Patrycja Sankowska, Marta Zapałowska-Chwyć, Paweł Wysokiński
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) manifests itself with various symptoms, therefore it interests representatives of many medical specializations: general practitioners, gynecologists, endocrinologists, dermatologists, cardiologists and those who deal with metabolic disorders, such as dieticians. Objective: The aim of this study was perform the qualitative assessment of components of diets of women with PCOS as one of the major factor contributing to the disease...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277129/daytime-decrease-of-prolactin-levels-is-associated-with-pcos-regardless-to-nutritional-status-and-other-hormones-levels
#18
Grzegorz Franik, Paweł Madej, Magdalena Guz-Lem, Aleksander Owczarek, Jerzy Chudek, Magdalena Olszanecka-Glinianowicz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to analyze daytime changes of prolactin level depending on nutritional status and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and fifteen (69 normal weight, 21 overweight and 25 obese) diagnosed with PCOS and 77 (37 normal weight, 18 overweight and 22 obese) women - Non-PCOS without concomitant diseases were enrolled. Body mass and height were measured and BMI was calculated. Serum concentrations of FSH, LH, E2, testosterone, TSH and PRL were determined morning 6...
May 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925712/quantitative-assessment-of-nutrition-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#19
Małgorzata Szczuko, Magdalena Skowronek, Marta Zapałowska-Chwyć, Andrzej Starczewski
Background: PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is called a pathology of the XX century and affects at least 10-15% women of childbearing age. The therapy involves pharmacotherapy of hormonal imbalance, as well as the change of lifestyle, including the diet. Objective: Performing the quantitative assessment of components of diets of women with PCOS, comparing the results with current dietary standards for Polish people and defining dietary requirements for the patients...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840515/principles-of-nutrition-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-and-comparison-with-modern-medicine
#20
Mojgan Tansaz, Maryam Bahmani
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age with metabolic and gynecological complications. Despite the high prevalence of this disease, many challenges remain regarding its diagnosis and treatment. According to many studies, lifestyle modification especially diet is the first line of the treatment in PCOS patients. The aim of this article was to study the principles of nutrition for PCOS patients in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) in comparison with modern medicine...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
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