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Developmental outcome AND preterm infant

Mariana Callil Voos, Soares de Moura Maria Clara Drummond, Renata Hydee Hasue
Purpose: Few studies have described mobilization approaches in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The present study describes the hip mobilization of a preterm infant (born at 33 6/7 weeks of gestational age) diagnosed with DDH. Design and Methods: During the 43-day hospital stay, the infant was seen twice a week (ten sessions, 20 minutes each). All sessions included hip approximation maneuvers, with the hip positioned in abduction, lateral rotation and flexion, and lower limbs passive mobilization, which were taught to the mother...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
Forgive Avorgbedor, Susan Silva, Elizabeth Merwin, James A Blumenthal, Diane Holditch-Davis
OBJECTIVE: To compare the health, physical growth, and developmental outcomes in preterm infants of women with and without hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of health outcomes; physical growth (head circumference, height, and weight) collected at birth and 2 months, corrected for prematurity; and cognitive, language, and motor skills of preterm infants of women with and without HDP. SETTING: Four NICUs in the United States...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Katherine Sanchez, Alicia J Spittle, Jeanie Ly Cheong, Deanne K Thompson, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson, Angela T Morgan
PURPOSE: Language skills are critical. Children born very preterm are vulnerable to language problems, but further work is needed to determine characteristics and specific predictors of language problems in this population. We aimed to compare language outcomes between 2-year-old children born <30 weeks and their term-born peers; and to explore risk factors for language difficulties in this cohort. DESIGN: Language at 2 years was examined in 134 children born <30 weeks and 133 children born at term using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - 3rd Edition (Bayley-3) and the Communication and Symbolic Behaviour Scale: Developmental Profile (Infant Toddler Checklist) (CSBS:DP)...
November 23, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Jing Lu, Erika C Claud
Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome in preterm infants predisposes the neonate to various major morbidities including neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit, and adverse neurological outcomes later in life. There are parallel early developmental windows for the gut microbiota and the nervous system during prenatal to postnatal of life. Therefore, preterm infants represent a unique population in which optimization of initial colonization and microbiota development can affect brain development and enhance neurological outcomes...
November 20, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
Leslie Altimier, Raylene Phillips
Birth at extremely low gestational ages presents a significant threat to infants' survival, health, development, and future well-being. After birth, a critical period of brain development must continue outside the womb. Neuro-supportive and neuroprotective family centered developmental care for and standardized care practices for extremely preterm infants have been shown to improve outcomes. Neuroprotective interventions must include a focus on the emotional connections of infants and their families. Being in skin-to-skin contact with the mother is the developmentally expected environment for all mammals and is especially important for supporting physiologic stability and neurodevelopment of preterm infants...
December 2018: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
Carlotta Spagnoli, Raffaele Falsaperla, Michela Deolmi, Giovanni Corsello, Francesco Pisani
Neonatal seizures are the most common neurological event in newborns, showing higher prevalence in preterm than in full-term infants. In the majority of cases they represent acute symptomatic phenomena, the main etiologies being intraventricular haemorrhage, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, central nervous system infections and transient metabolic derangements.Current definition of neonatal seizures requires detection of paroxysmal EEG-changes, and in preterm newborns the incidence of electrographic-only seizures seems to be particularly high, further stressing the crucial role of electroencephalogram monitoring in this population...
November 1, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Baby S Nayak, Leslie Edward Lewis, Binu Margaret, Ramesh Bhat Y, Joslin D'Almeida, Tenzin Phagdol
AIM: To describe a randomized controlled trial protocol designed to evaluate the effectiveness of mobile health based Preterm Home Care Program (mHealthPHCP) known as "NeoRaksha" mobile health application in improving parent-infant-interaction, growth and development of preterms. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial. The protocol is approved and funded by Department of Biotechnology, Government of India on 2 August 2016. METHODS: A total of 300 preterm-mother dyads admitted to neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital will be recruited and randomized to intervention and control group...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Wen-Xing Li, Yi Qu, De-Zhi Mu, Jun Tang
White matter injury in preterm infants has a complex etiology and can lead to long-term neurocognitive and behavioral deficits, but there are still no specific treatment methods for this disease at present. More and more studies have shown that mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of white matter injury in preterm infants and might be a common subcellular mechanism of white matter developmental disorder, which involves oxidative stress, reduced ATP synthesis, and disequilibrium of calcium homeostasis...
October 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Sarah A Keim, Kelly M Boone, Mark A Klebanoff, Abigail Norris Turner, Joseph Rausch, Mary Ann Nelin, Lynette K Rogers, Keith Owen Yeates, Leif Nelin, Kelly W Sheppard
Importance: Intake of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) among toddlers is low. Supplementation may benefit developmental outcomes of toddlers who were born preterm. Objective: To determine whether 6 months of daily DHA supplementation improves developmental outcomes of toddlers who were born preterm. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized, fully masked, placebo-controlled trial was conducted from April 26, 2012, to March 24, 2017, at a large US pediatric academic center with 9 neonatal intensive care units...
October 22, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Margie H Davenport, Victoria L Meah, Stephanie-May Ruchat, Gregory A Davies, Rachel J Skow, Nick Barrowman, Kristi B Adamo, Veronica J Poitras, Casey E Gray, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Frances Sobierajski, Laurel Riske, Marina James, Amariah J Kathol, Megan Nuspl, Andree-Anne Marchand, Taniya S Nagpal, Linda G Slater, Ashley Weeks, Ruben Barakat, Michelle F Mottola
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the relationship between maternal prenatal exercise and birth complications, and neonatal and childhood morphometric, metabolic and developmental outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic review with random-effects meta-analysis and meta-regression. DATA SOURCES: Online databases were searched up to 6 January 2017. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies of all designs were eligible (except case studies and reviews) if published in English, Spanish or French, and contained information on the relevant population (pregnant women without contraindication to exercise), intervention (subjective/objective measures of frequency, intensity, duration, volume or type of exercise, alone ('exercise-only') or in combination with other intervention components (eg, dietary; 'exercise+cointervention')), comparator (no exercise or different frequency, intensity, duration, volume, type or trimester of exercise) and outcomes (preterm birth, gestational age at delivery, birth weight, low birth weight (<2500 g), high birth weight (>4000 g), small for gestational age, large for gestational age, intrauterine growth restriction, neonatal hypoglycaemia, metabolic acidosis (cord blood pH, base excess), hyperbilirubinaemia, Apgar scores, neonatal intensive care unit admittance, shoulder dystocia, brachial plexus injury, neonatal body composition (per cent body fat, body weight, body mass index (BMI), ponderal index), childhood obesity (per cent body fat, body weight, BMI) and developmental milestones (including cognitive, psychosocial, motor skills))...
November 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Melissa Woythaler
Late preterm infants (born at 340/7 -366/7 weeks gestation) have been found to have increased morbidity and mortality compared to full term infants. Research has also been done to explore longer-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. This review details neurodevelopmental outcomes from birth to adulthood for late preterm infants. Outcome studies indicate that they are at increased risk of developmental disability, school failure, behavior problems, social and medical disabilities, and death. Many questions still remain regarding late preterm infant neurodevelopmental outcomes and future research should be done into this topic...
October 4, 2018: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Tanusha Ramdin, Daynia Ballot, David Rakotsoane, Lethile Madzudzo, Nicolette Brown, Tobias Chirwa, Peter Cooper, Victor Davies
BACKGROUND: Late preterm infants, previously considered low risk, have been identified to be at risk of developmental problems in infancy and early childhood. There is limited information on the outcome of these infants in low and middle income countries. METHODS: Bayley scales of infant and toddler development, version III, were done on a group of late preterm infants in Johannesburg, South Africa. The mean composite cognitive, language and motor sub-scales were compared to those obtained from a group of typically developed control infants...
October 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Laurel Gower, Dorothea Jenkins, Jamie L Fraser, Viswanathan Ramakrishnan, Patty Coker-Bolt
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Specific Test of Early Infant Motor Performance (STEP), a rapid screening test of preterm infants at risk for developmental delay. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively studied 23 preterm infants' performance on the STEP and the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) at term and 3 months, and on the Bayley-III at 12 months. We investigated the psychometric qualities of the STEP and determined STEP cutoff scores for low and high-performing infants...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Elaine M Boyle, Ranveer S Sanghera
Until recently, there has been a strongly held belief on the part of neonatal and paediatric clinicians that outcomes for infants born close to term are not different from those of babies born at full term. In the last decade, however, this assumption has been challenged by reports suggesting that this is not correct, and highlighting differences in morbidity and mortality both in the short and long term. This has led to development of new terminology to more accurately reflect the impact of immaturity associated with birth at 32-33 weeks (moderately preterm) and 34-36 weeks (late preterm) of gestation...
October 4, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Roberto Palumbi, Antonia Peschechera, Mariella Margari, Francesco Craig, Arcangelo Cristella, Maria Giuseppina Petruzzelli, Lucia Margari
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, several studies investigated the outcomes in children born very preterm. Only recently there has been an increasing interest in the late preterm infants (born between 34 + 0 and 36 + 6 weeks). This population is at high risk of morbidity and mortality in the first years of life. Other studies reported that they are also at risk of long-term developmental problem. Therefore, the aim of this study is to describe the neurodevelopmental and emotional-behavioral outcome in a sample of late preterm patients...
October 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Anett Nagy, Anna Mária Beke, Renáta Cserjési, Rózsa Gráf, Magda Kalmár
INTRODUCTION: Owing to the rapid progress of the medical science and technology, the chances of survival of the extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) preterm babies have dramatically improved. Nevertheless, the research findings on their long-term developmental outcome are inconsistent. AIM: Our study has attempted to contribute to the understanding of the developmental mechanisms in the extremely low birth weight preterm infants and to the prediction of the developmental outcomes taking into account of the risk factors of development...
October 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Andrea F Duncan, Carla M Bann, Allison Dempsey, Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, Susan Hintz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations in toddlers born extremely preterm (<28 weeks) between neonatal neuroimaging and 18- to 22-month developmental and behavioral outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort analysis from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network Surfactant Positive Airway Pressure and Pulse Oximetry Trial Neuroimaging and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Study of infants born extremely preterm...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Umamaheswari Balakrishnan, Prakash Amboiram, Binu Ninan, Anupama Chandrasekharan, Rajeswaran Rangaswamy, Lalitha Subramanian
INTRODUCTION: Preterm infants are at increased risk of adverse neuro-developmental outcome (NDO). Cranial ultrasound has limited predictability. The aim of the study is to evaluate whether MRI done at term equivalent age (TEA) predicts NDO at 18-22 months of corrected gestational age (CGA). METHOD: This cohort study of preterm infants born at ≤ 32 weeks of gestation and/or birth weight < 1500 grams between April 2011 and August 2012, was conducted in a tertiary care institute in India...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Rachel E Lean, Rachel A Paul, Tara A Smyser, Christopher D Smyser, Cynthia E Rogers
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent to which social and family factors explain variability in cognitive, language, and motor development among very preterm (<30 weeks of gestation) children from 2 to 5 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: As part of a longitudinal study, very preterm children recruited as neonates were assessed at 2 (n = 87) and 5 (n = 83) years of age using standardized tests of cognitive, language, and motor ability alongside demographically matched full term (FT) children (n = 63)...
December 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Giuseppina Sgandurra, Elena Beani, Matteo Giampietri, Riccardo Rizzi, Giovanni Cioni
BACKGROUND: Congenital brain lesions expose infants to be at high-risk for being affected by neurodevelopmental disorders such as cerebral palsy (CP). Early interventions programs can significantly impact and improve their neurodevelopment. Recently, in the framework of the European CareToy (CT) Project ( ), a new medical device has been created to deliver an early, intensive, customized, intervention program, carried out at home by parents but remotely managed by expert and trained clinicians...
September 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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