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Larynx squamous cell carcinoma

Pei Gao, Liang Gong, Xuefeng Wang
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) ranks 6th among the most frequently diagnosed carcinomas globally. Laryngeal carcinoma is quite common, and 95% of the cases are SCCs. Since the introduction of larynx-preserving surgery, induction chemotherapy (IC) has played a substantial role. The aim of IC is to shrink or downstage primary laryngeal carcinomas, increasing the chances of complete surgical removal, particularly in cases with advanced but potentially resectable lesions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the value of IC in patients with resectable laryngeal cancer...
August 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Daniel F Hicks, Richard Bakst, John Doucette, Benjamin H Kann, Brett Miles, Eric Genden, Krzysztof Misiukiewicz, Marshall Posner, Vishal Gupta
OBJECTIVES: The prognostic role of obesity in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is not well defined. This study aims to determine its effect on disease-specific outcomes such as recurrence-free survival (RFS), locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) in addition to overall survival (OS). METHODS: For patients with newly diagnosed HNSCC undergoing radiation therapy (RT) at a single institution, body mass index (BMI) at diagnosis was categorized as normal (18...
August 2018: Oral Oncology
A Eskander, M K Krzyzanowska, H D Fischer, N Liu, P C Austin, J C Irish, D J Enepekides, J Lee, E Gutierrez, E Lockhart, M Raphael, S Singh
BACKGROUND: Mucosal head and neck squamous cell cancers are often managed with multimodality treatment which can be associated with significant toxicity. The objective of this study was to assess emergency department visits and unplanned hospitalizations for these patients during and immediately after their treatment. METHODS: A cohort of patients treated for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma was developed using administrative data. Emergency department visits and hospitalizations in the 90-day post-treatment period was determined...
August 2018: Oral Oncology
Pieter D de Veij Mestdagh, Tomas Janssen, Emmy Lamers, Casper Carbaat, Olga Hamming-Vrieze, Wouter V Vogel, Jan-Jakob Sonke, Abrahim Al-Mamgani
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The great majority of patients with lateralized head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treated with radiotherapy routinely undergo bilateral elective nodal irradiation (ENI), even though the incidence of contralateral regional failure after unilateral ENI is low. Excluding the contralateral neck from elective irradiation could reduce radiation-related toxicity and improve quality-of-life. The current study investigated the dosimetric benefits of a novel approach using lymph drainage mapping by SPECT/CT to select patients for unilateral ENI...
August 4, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Lilly Y W Bourguignon, Christine Earle, Marisa Shiina
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a malignancy that often involves the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, or paranasal sinuses. There is a compelling evidence of the human papilloma virus including HPV16 E6 oncogene drives cell transformation and oncogenic processes of HPV positive (HVP+) HNSCC [in particular, Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OPSCC)]. In this study, we determined that human OPSCC-derived, HPV16 E6+ cells (UMSCC-104 and UMSCC-47 cell lines) express CD44 and a regulatory transcription factor, c-Jun...
August 2, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Celso Muller Bandeira, Adriana Ávila de Almeida, Celina Faig Lima Carta, Alaor Aparecido Almeida, Fellipe Augusto Tocchini de Figueiredo, Valeria Cristina Sandrim, Antonio José Gonçalves, Janete Dias Almeida
Heavy metals intoxication is known to be risk factors for various diseases, including cancer. These metals may be presented in food and soil as well as in leaf and tobacco smoke. The aim of this study was to correlate the exposure to heavy metals stemming from tobacco and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma carcinogenesis. Analysis of lead, copper, manganese, arsenic, chromium, and cadmium by atomic absorption spectrophotometry was performed in whole blood samples from 91 patients: 68 smokers with oral cavity, pharynx, or laryngeal cancer; 8 non-smokers with oral or larynx cancer; and 15 non-cancer smokers with tobacco-related diseases (control group)...
July 28, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Marius Rademaker, Diana M Rubel, Karen Agnew, Megan Andrews, Katherine Sarah Armour, Christopher Baker, Peter Foley, Kurt Gebauer, Michelle Sy Goh, Monisha Gupta, Gillian Marshman, H Miles Prince, John Sullivan
Patients with psoriasis have an increased risk of cancer, which may be due to impaired immune surveillance, immune modulatory treatments, chronic inflammation and/or co-risk factors such as obesity. The increase in treatment-independent solid cancers, including urinary/bladder cancers, oropharynx/larynx, liver/gallbladder and colon/rectal cancers, seem to be linked to alcohol and smoking. Lung cancer and nonmelanoma skin cancer are also increased in patients with psoriasis. The risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer increases with age and severity of psoriasis...
July 10, 2018: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
Cornelius Maihoefer, Lars Schüttrumpf, Corinna Macht, Ulrike Pflugradt, Julia Hess, Ludmila Schneider, Christine Woischke, Axel Walch, Philipp Baumeister, Thomas Kirchner, Horst Zitzelsberger, Claus Belka, Ute Ganswindt
BACKGROUND: Postoperative (chemo) radiation improves tumor control and survival in high-risk patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma based on established risk factors. The clinical cooperation group "Personalized Radiotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer" focuses on the identification and validation of new biomarkers, which are aimed at eventually stratifying and personalizing the therapy concept. Hence, we reviewed all patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx, treated with postoperative (chemo) radiation from 06/2008 until 06/2015 at the Department of Radiation Oncology in the University Hospital, LMU Munich...
July 3, 2018: Radiation Oncology
Hiroshi Okamoto, Yusuke Taniyama, Tadashi Sakurai, Takahiro Heishi, Jin Teshima, Chiaki Sato, Shota Maruyama, Ken Ito, Yu Onodera, Takuro Konno-Kumagai, Hirotaka Ishida, Takashi Kamei
BACKGROUND: Recently, definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) has become one of the essential treatment strategies for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and has been especially gaining prevalence for cervical ESCC to preserve the larynx. Our department recently introduced dCRT concomitant with docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (DCF-R) for treating advanced cervical ESCC. This study aims to assess the safety and outcomes of DCF-R in patients with advanced cervical ESCC. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 11 patients with advanced cervical ESCC (clinical stage: II-IV, including T4b and/or M1 lymph node) who received DCF-R as the first-line treatment between December 2010 and February 2015...
June 15, 2018: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
Ramona Gabriela Ursu, Mihai Danciu, Irene Alexandra Spiridon, Ruediger Ridder, Susanne Rehm, Fausto Maffini, Sandrine McKay-Chopin, Christine Carreira, Eric Lucas, Victor-Vlad Costan, Eugenia Popescu, Bogdan Cobzeanu, Nicolae Ghetu, Luminita Smaranda Iancu, Massimo Tommasino, Michael Pawlita, Dana Holzinger, Tarik Gheit
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about the involvement of human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) in Romanian patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the HPV-attributable fraction in HNSCCs collected in Northeastern Romania. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 189 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples (99 oral cavity tumors, 28 oropharynx, 48 pharynx, and 14 larynx/hypopharynx) were analyzed for HPV DNA and RNA using Luminex-based assays, and for overexpression of p16INK4a (p16) by immunohistochemistry...
2018: PloS One
Nicole L Lebo, Rebecca Griffiths, Stephen Hall, Jim Dimitroulakos, Stephanie Johnson-Obaseki
BACKGROUND: Preclinical and early-phase clinical studies have suggested an oncoprotective role of statins in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The purpose of this study was to determine whether incidental statin use in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative HNSCC is predictive of improved oncologic outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 1194 patients from the Ontario Cancer Registry diagnosed with HNSCC from 2007 to 2012 was performed using linked databases from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences...
June 22, 2018: Head & Neck
Robert L Ferris, Nabil F Saba, Barbara J Gitlitz, Robert Haddad, Ammar Sukari, Prakash Neupane, John C Morris, Krzysztof Misiukiewicz, Julie E Bauman, Moon Fenton, Antonio Jimeno, Douglas R Adkins, Charles J Schneider, Assuntina G Sacco, Keisuke Shirai, Daniel W Bowles, Michael Gibson, Tobenna Nwizu, Raphael Gottardo, Kristi L Manjarrez, Gregory N Dietsch, James Kyle Bryan, Robert M Hershberg, Ezra E W Cohen
Importance: Immunotherapy for recurrent and/or metastatic (R/M) squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is promising. The toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) agonist motolimod may stimulate innate and adaptive immunity. Objective: To determine whether motolimod improves outcomes for R/M SCCHN when combined with standard therapy. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Active8 study was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial enrolling adult patients (age ≥18 years) with histologically confirmed R/M SCCHN of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx between October 2013 and August 2015...
June 21, 2018: JAMA Oncology
Elaine Tan, Mayur D Mody, Nabil F Saba
Laryngeal cancer (LC) remains a challenging disease to treat. The majority of LCs diagnosed worldwide are squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), and current treatment guidelines are designed to address conventional laryngeal SCC. However, several histologically rare tumor types can originate in the larynx. There is a lack of guidelines regarding the best therapeutic approaches to these tumors and their treatment is often modeled after their recommended management at non-laryngeal sites. Understanding the role for systemic therapy in these rare tumors is important, especially for patients with advanced disease or those who are not surgical candidates...
July 2018: Oral Oncology
Sambit Swarup Nanda, Ajeet Kumar Gandhi, Madhup Rastogi, Rohini Khurana, Rahat Hadi, Kamal Sahni, Surendra Prasad Mishra, Anoop K Srivastava, Madan Lal Brahma Bhatt, Devendra Parmar
PURPOSE: We evaluated the correlation of the x-ray repair cross complementing gene 1 (XRCC1) Arg194Trp polymorphism with clinical outcomes in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients treated with concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this prospective cohort study, we included 101 patients with HNSCC (oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx) who were aged ≥ 18 years, had stage III to IVB disease, had a Karnofsky Performance Status ≥ 80, and were deemed fit for CCRT...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
A Picard, L Arowas, L Piroth, I Heard, T Ferry
OBJECTIVES: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), mainly due to smoking, is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths. However, an increasing number of tumors - especially oropharyngeal cancer - are reported in non-smokers in association with the human papillomavirus (HPV). As HIV-infected individuals are particularly at risk of HPV-related disease, we aimed to describe the burden of HNSCC in this population. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients from HIV clinics diagnosed with HNSCC between 2004 and 2014...
June 7, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Gunnar Wichmann, Claudia Lehmann, Cindy Herchenhahn, Marlen Kolb, Mathias Hofer, Susanne Wiegand, Andreas Dietz
Background: In personalized medicine and treatment stratification of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), the heterogeneous genetic background of patients is not considered. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles and HLA haplotypes (HLA traits) are linked to development of HNSCC and affect progression-free survival (PFS) of HNSCC patients but most head and neck oncologists are not familiar with HLA typing. Hence, we developed an HLA-score abstracting from complexity of HLA-typing results to facilitate potential use of HLA-associated hazard ratios (HR) for prognostic stratification...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
Pei-Wei Huang, Chien-Yu Lin, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Cheng-Lung Hsu, Kang-Hsing Fan, Shiang-Fu Huang, Chun-Ta Liao, Shu-Kung Ng, Tzu-Chen Yen, Joseph Tung-Chieh Chang, Hung-Ming Wang
BACKGROUND: To clarify the effect of induction chemotherapy (ICT) in patients with advanced pharyngeal and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (PLSCC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: Patients with treatment-naïve nonmetastatic advanced PLSCC were stratified according to disease stage (III or IV) and resectability before being randomized to either a ICT/CCRT or CCRT arm. A cisplatin/tegafur-uracil/leucovorin regimen was administered during ICT and CCRT...
April 2018: Biomedical Journal
F von Scotti, M Kapsreiter, C Scherl, H Iro, C Bohr
OBJECTIVE: After that the establishment of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for head and neck cancer has been adopted in North America, it has also recently been adopted in Europe. In these parts, transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) is widely applied. The aim of the study was to identify the absolute number of operations amenable to TORS at a TORS initiating institution on the basis of all former TLM cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All laser surgery procedures from May 2004 to April 2013 (108 months) were initially retrospectively registered; after that, all stage pT1 and pT2 squamous cell carcinomas of the oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx were selected...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Alberto Raposo, Francisco García-Purriños, Celia Albaladejo, Maria E García-Solano, Jerónimo Lajara
BACKGROUND Pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (PEH) is a reactive epithelial proliferation occurring secondary to infection, neoplasm, injury, and inflammation. The histopathological characteristics of PEH may lead to it being confused with well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). CASE REPORT We present here the case of a 57-year-old male patient, who was diabetic and a smoker, who presented with dysphonia. Although nasal endoscopy suggested SCC, morphological and immunophenotypical study of biopsy tissue ruled out malignancy...
June 2, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Kiyoshi Misawa, Atsushi Imai, Daiki Mochizuki, Masato Mima, Shiori Endo, Yuki Misawa, Takeharu Kanazawa, Hiroyuki Mineta
The aim of this study was to clarify the epigenetic regulation of ten eleven translocation protein (TET) family genes, which can provide insights into the mechanisms of tumorigenesis and the risk of disease recurrence in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). We generated methylation profiles of TET1 , TET2 and TET3 genes in tumor samples obtained from 233 patients with HNSCC; these included 57 hypopharynx, 44 larynx, 69 oral cavity, and 63 oropharynx tumor samples. The mRNA expression and promoter DNA methylation of TET family genes were examined via quantitative RT-PCR and methylation-specific PCR, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Oncotarget
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