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Yvonne D Trigoso, Russell C Evans, William E Karsten, Lilian Chooback
The enzyme dihydrodipicolinate reductase (DHDPR) is a component of the lysine biosynthetic pathway in bacteria and higher plants. DHDPR catalyzes the NAD(P)H dependent reduction of 2,3-dihydrodipicolinate to the cyclic imine L-2,3,4,5,-tetrahydropicolinic acid. The dapB gene that encodes dihydrodipicolinate reductase has previously been cloned, but the expression of the enzyme is low and the purification is time consuming. Therefore the E. coli dapB gene was cloned into the pET16b vector to improve the protein expression and simplify the purification...
2016: PloS One
L Sun, L Xing, G H Zhang, S Y Pan
It is expensive to induce experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) by active immunity, and difficult to obtain natural acetylcholine receptor (AChR). We sought a new method of inducing EAMG by immunizing rats with artificially synthesized AChR. The AChR mRNA in TE671 cells was extracted and reverse transcribed. The inclusion body was purified and protein concentration was determined, and the EAMG animal model was used for induction. The serum was extracted from rat blood. The antibody titer was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA)...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Elvy Like Ginting, Syouhei Iwasaki, Chihiro Maeganeku, Hiroyuki Motoshima, Keiichi Watanabe
In the presence of divalent cations, inorganic pyrophosphatase is activated to hydrolyze inorganic pyrophosphate to inorganic phosphate. Here, we clone, express, purify, and characterize inorganic pyrophosphatase from the psychrophilic Shewanella sp. AS-11 (Sh-PPase). The recombinant Sh-PPase was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) at 20°C using pET16b as an expression vector and purified from the cell extracts by a combination of ammonium sulfate fractionation and anion-exchange chromatography. Sh-PPase was found to be a family II PPase with a subunit molecular mass of 34 kD that preferentially utilizes Mn²⁺ over Mg²⁺ ions for activity...
2014: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
Ren-an Chen, Jiang-hong Tian, Hua Wang
AIM: To prepare and identify the human single-chain Fv (scFv) antibody to hepatitis C virus(HCV) NS5B. METHODS: After the peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected from HCV patients, the single-chain antibody Fv library was constructed by amplifying the whole variable region of heavy chain(V(H);) and variable region of light chain(V(L);). Targeting NS5B, the scFv gene was cloned into pET16b, and then transfected into BL21 cells. The scFv was induced to express in the cells...
June 2012: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Oliver Spadiut, Lisbeth Olsson, Harry Brumer
BACKGROUND: The microbes Escherichia coli and Pichia pastoris are convenient prokaryotic and eukaryotic hosts, respectively, for the recombinant production of proteins at laboratory scales. A comparative study was performed to evaluate a range of constructs and process parameters for the heterologous intra- and extracellular expression of genes encoding the industrially relevant enzyme galactose 6-oxidase (EC from the fungus Fusarium graminearum. In particular, the wild-type galox gene from F...
2010: Microbial Cell Factories
Neda Setayesh, Zargham Sepehrizadeh, Elham Jaberi, Mojtaba Tabatabaei Yazdi
The present work aims to study a new NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase (cb5r) from Mucor racemosus PTCC 5305. A cDNA coding for cb5r was isolated from a Mucor racemosus PTCC 5305 cDNA library. The nucleotide sequence of the cDNA including coding and sequences flanking regions was determined. The open reading frame starting from ATG and ending with TAG stop codon encoded 228 amino acids and displayed the closest similarity (73%) with Mortierella alpina cb5r. Lack of hydrophobic residues in the N-terminal sequence was apparent, suggesting that the enzyme is a soluble isoform...
2009: Biological Research
Ramesh S Hire, Ashok B Hadapad, Tanaji K Dongre, Vinay Kumar
Certain strains of Bacillus sphaericus produce a highly toxic mosquito-larvicidal binary toxin during sporulation. The binary toxin is composed of toxic BinA (41.9kDa) and receptor binding BinB (51.4kDa) polypeptides and is active against vectors of filariasis, encephalitis and malaria. The toxin has been tested with limited use for the control of vector mosquitoes for more than two decades. The binA gene from a local ISPC-8 strain of B. sphaericus that is highly toxic to Culex and Anopheles mosquito species was cloned into pET16b and expressed in Escherichia coli...
June 2009: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Lin Su, Chang-zheng Liu, Yan-chun Deng, Ke-gong Yang, Zhi-quan Liang, Song-sen Chen
OBJECTIVE: To express the first three immunoglobulin-like domains of human stem cell factor receptor (c-Kit/Ig1-3) in E. coli and HEK293 ET cells and study their binding activity for stem cell factor (SCF). METHODS: In prokaryotic expression system, a double mutant form of c-Kit /Ig1-3 (c-Kit /Ig1-3(DM) was produced by overlap PCR and cloned into pET16b. The recombinant protein was expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) and refolded by dilution. In eukaryotic expression system, the gene of c-Kit/Igl13 with eight histidine segments was cloned into pEAK12 and the recombinant plasmid was transfected into HEK293 ET cells...
April 2006: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Maria E Katsarou, Athanasios Papakyriakou, Nikos Katsaros, Andreas Scorilas
We have recently cloned a new member of the human Ser/Arg-rich superfamily (SR) of pre-mRNA splicing factors, SR-A1. Members of the SR family of proteins have been shown to interact with the C-terminal domain (CTD) of the large subunit of RNA polymerase II, and participate in pre-mRNA splicing. The largest subunit of RNA polymerase II contains at the carboxy-terminus a peculiar repetitive sequence that consists of 52 tandem repeats of the consensus motif Tyr-Ser-Pro-Thr-Ser-Pro-Ser, referred to as the CTD. There is evidence that SR protein splicing factors are involved in cancer pathobiology through their involvement in alternative processing events...
August 19, 2005: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yun-Fei Niu, Ying Zheng, Xiao-Hua Mao
IL-15 and IL-15 receptors (IL-15R) play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), multiple myeloma and inflammatory autoimmune diseases. To develop a novel therapeutic agent capable of eliminating IL-15R-over-expressing abnormal cells, the gene coding for human IL-15 antagonist (IL-15M) was fused with a DNA fragment coding for the mutated form of Pseudomonas exotoxin, PEdelta293. The resulting gene fusion was cloned into pET16b under the control of T7 promoter, giving rise to the expression plasmid pET-IL15M-PEdelta293...
January 2005: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Ricki M Helm, A Wesley Burks
A review is presented of 3 murine models and a swine neonatal model used to investigate immunotherapeutic options. In Model 1, mutation of linear IgE-binding epitopes of Ara h 1 for the preparation of a hypoallergenic Ara h 1 is discussed with respect to expression in transgenic tobacco plants and correct folding following expression in the pET16b construct. In Model 2, the mutations of Ara h 1 were assessed for use as an immunotherapeutic agent. Although some protective benefit was observed with the modified Ara h 1 protein, animals desensitized with heat-killed E...
November 2004: Journal of AOAC International
Mitsuhiro Kurata, Maki Hirata, Shoji Watabe, Masashi Miyake, Susumu Y Takahashi, Yoshimi Yamamoto
Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-2 (CTLA-2) is a novel cysteine proteinase inhibitor. The protein sequence is homologous to the proregion of mouse cathepsin L. Here, we report the expression, purification, and characterization of recombinant CTLA-2 (CTLA-2alpha). CTLA-2alpha was cloned into the pET16b vector and the plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli strain BL21 (DE3) pLysS. The recombinant CTLA-2alpha was highly expressed and purified by His-Bind affinity chromatography, Factor Xa digestion, and hydrophobic chromatography...
November 2003: Protein Expression and Purification
Rui Juan Du, Bow Ho
BACKGROUND: Heat Shock Protein (HSP) has been regarded as a pathogenic factor in Helicobacter pylori infection. Heat Shock Protein 20 (HSP20) of H. pylori is identified as Hs1V based on open reading frame predication of genome sequences. It is a homologue of HslV of E. coli, a peptidase involved in protein degradation. METHODS: The HSP20 gene was cloned and inserted into pET16b fused with His-tag. Recombinant HSP20 protein (rHSP20) was expressed and purified by nickel column...
August 2003: Helicobacter
Xiao-Bing Lu, Hai-Zhen Wu, Jiang Ye, Yi Fan, Hui-Zhan Zhang
Adenosine kinase (AK), a key enzyme in the regulation of the cellular concentrations of adenosine (A), is an important physiological effector of many cells and tissues. In this article, we reported that ak, which encoded adenosine kinase, was cloned from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, sequenced, and overexpressed in E. coli using the pET16b expression system, and the recombinant protein was purified to apparent homogeneity using conventional protein purification techniques. Kinetic analysis of S. cerevisiae AK revealed K(m) values of (3...
July 2003: Sheng Wu Hua Xue Yu Sheng Wu Wu Li Xue Bao Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
A de Marco, S Volrath, T Bruyere, M Law, R Fonné-Pfister
The clone corresponding to maize plastidic protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase (PPO) has been isolated by functional complementation and inserted into a pET16b vector for expression in Escherichia coli. Recombinant PPO was purified by standard affinity chromatography using a metal chelating resin. Two contaminants copurified with recombinant PPO and were identified as GroEL and DnaK. Since chaperone binding to hydrophobic regions of the protein is regulated by ATP availability, an ATP washing step was introduced prior to elution of the recombinant protein from an affinity column...
October 2000: Protein Expression and Purification
C Albermann, J Distler, W Piepersberg
The 6-deoxyhexose L-fucose is an important and characteristic element in glycoconjugates of bacteria (e.g., lipopolysaccharides), plants (e.g., xyloglucans) and animals (e.g., glycolipids, glycoproteins, and oligosaccharides). The biosynthetic pathway of GDP-L-fucose starts with a dehydration of GDP-D-mannose catalyzed by GDP-D-mannose 4,6-dehydratase (Gmd) creating GDP-4-keto-6-deoxymannose which is subsequently converted by the GDP-4-keto-6-deoxy-D-mannose 3,5-epimerase-4-reductase (WcaG; GDP-beta-L-fucose synthetase) to GDP-beta-L-fucose...
September 2000: Glycobiology
D Saadat, D H Harrison
Methylglyoxal synthase provides bacteria with an alternative to triosephosphate isomerase for metabolizing dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP). In the present studies, the methylglyoxal synthase gene in Escherichia coli has been cloned and sequenced. The identified open reading frame (ORF) codes for a polypeptide of 152 amino acids, consistent with the 17 kDa purified protein. The sequence of this protein is not similar to any other protein of known function, including the functionally similar protein triosephosphate isomerase...
July 14, 1998: Biochemistry
D J Hyndman, R Takenoshita, N L Vera, S C Pang, T G Flynn
Treatment of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells by the aldehyde containing calpain inhibitor I resulted in the induction of a 35-kDa protein that was partially sequenced and shown to be a member of the aldo-keto reductase superfamily (Inoue, S., Sharma, R. C., Schimke, R. T., and Simoni, R. D. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 5894-5898). Using rapid amplification of cDNA ends polymerase chain reaction, we have sequenced the cDNA for this protein (CHO reductase). This enzyme is a new member of the aldo-keto reductase superfamily and shows greatest amino acid sequence identity to mouse fibroblast growth factor-regulated protein and mouse vas deferens protein (92 and 80% sequence identity, respectively)...
May 16, 1997: Journal of Biological Chemistry
M Shally, N Alloul, A Jackman, M Muller, L Gissmann, L Sherman
Several species of alternatively spliced mRNAs are transcribed from the E6 gene region of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16. These have the coding capacity for either the full length E6 of 151 amino acids (aa) or four truncated variants, E6I-E6IV, of 43-64 aa. As the first step to identify the putative E6 variants and their functions, we generated cDNAs corresponding to the various E6 open reading frames (ORF) and examined their expression employing in vitro transcription/translation systems and the bacterial pET system...
June 1996: Virus Research
R Rosin-Arbesfeld, P Mashiah, D Willbold, P Rosch, S R Tronick, A Yaniv, A Gazit
The Tat protein of equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) was synthesized in Escherichia coli using the inducible expression plasmid, pET16b, which contains a His.Tag leader, thus allowing for rapid and efficient enrichment of the histidine-tagged protein by metal affinity chromatography. Yields of up to 20 mg of Tat were obtained from 10(11) bacterial cells. The recombinant Tat protein was shown to potently trans-activate the EIAV long terminal repeat (LTR) following its introduction into canine cells by 'scrape loading'...
December 15, 1994: Gene
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