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Mental health pregnancy

Despina Pampaka, Stefania I Papatheodorou, Mohammad AlSeaidan, Rihab Al Wotayan, Rosalind J Wright, Julie E Buring, Douglas W Dockery, Costas A Christophi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of antenatal depressive symptoms, identify relevant risk factors, and assess comorbid mental health problems, among pregnant women enrolled in a population based study. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data collected from 1916 pregnant women who participated in the TRansgenerational Assessment of Children's Environmental Risk (TRACER) study in Kuwait, and had answered the Baseline Questionnaire and completed the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS)...
September 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Desiree Y Phua, Michelle K Z L Kee, Dawn X P Koh, Anne Rifkin-Graboi, Mary Daniels, Helen Chen, Yap Seng Chong, Birit F P Broekman, Iliana Magiati, Neerja Karnani, Michael Pluess, Michael J Meaney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
Avita Rose Johnson, Meera George, B Ramakrishna Goud, T Sulekha
Introduction: Antepartum anxiety and depression are two of the most common risk factors for the development of postpartum depression. Women are at a higher risk of developing depression and suffering from mental disorders during pregnancy and the postnatal period. Psychopathological symptoms during pregnancy have physiological consequences for the fetus, such as impaired blood flow leading to low birth weight, as well as cognitive delay and behavioral problems. Objectives: To screen antenatal women for common mental health disorders and to determine the factors associated with mental health disorders during pregnancy...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
William F Rayburn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Mary C Kimmel, Elizabeth Cox, Crystal Schiller, Edith Gettes, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
This review provides information about medications used to treat perinatal depression, including guidance around when to use certain medications and when to consult a mental health provider. For each group of medications, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, mirtazapine, bupropion, lithium, atypical antipsychotics, and lamotrigine, the risks and benefits of treatment during pregnancy and lactation are reviewed, and unique qualities of each medication...
September 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Thomas Skjothaug, Lars Smith, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Vibeke Moe
This study aimed to explore fathers' mental health and retrospectively reported adverse childhood experiences during pregnancy, as well as various pathways predicting self-reported stress at 6 months' postpartum as assessed by the Parenting Stress Index (PSI; R.R. Abidin, ). A total of 835 fathers contributed data to the study. Data collection comprised five time points during pregnancy and one at 6 months' postpartum. The main analyses were performed using linear regression and path analyses. First, linear regression analyses showed that paternal anxiety symptoms during pregnancy predicted stress scores in the PSI child domain at 6 months (coefficient = 0...
August 9, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Petra Persson, Maya Rossin-Slater
This paper studies how in utero exposure to maternal stress from family ruptures affects later mental health. We find that prenatal exposure to the death of a maternal relative increases take-up of ADHD medications during childhood and anti-anxiety and depression medications in adulthood. Further, family ruptures during pregnancy depress birth outcomes and raise the risk of perinatal complications necessitating hospitalization. Our results suggest large welfare gains from preventing fetal stress from family ruptures and possibly from economically induced stressors such as unemployment...
April 2018: American Economic Review
Simon Nderitu Githui, Margaret Chege, Miriam Ca Wagoro, James Mwaura
Background information: Domestic Violence (DV) is associated with serious consequences to the survivor's physical, emotional, sexual, social and mental well-being. DV screening ensures timely detection of violence and hence promotes timely intervention. This timely intervention has the potential of averting adverse outcomes of DV to the survivor. Globally, the prevalence of DV among women is 35% and in Kenya its 49% among women and 13.5% among pregnant women. Despite the adverse outcome of DV in pregnancy, screening during pregnancy lags behind in Kenya...
2018: Journal of community & public health nursing
Clare L Taylor, Robert J Stewart, Louise M Howard
BACKGROUND: Relapse of serious mental illness (psychotic and bipolar disorders; SMI) in the postpartum period is potentially devastating for mother and baby. There is limited evidence on whether medication in the perinatal period is protective against postpartum relapse for women with SMI particularly non-affective psychoses. We aimed to investigate risk factors for postpartum relapse, particularly the potential prophylactic effects of medication. METHODS: Using an anonymised resource of comprehensive electronic secondary mental health care records linked with maternity data, women with history of SMI who gave birth from 2007 to 2011 were identified...
August 5, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Zahra Alipour, Gholam R Kheirabadi, Ashraf Kazemi, Marjaneh Fooladi
Background: Pregnant women comprise a vulnerable population owing to the changes they experience in various stages that affect their mental health. Mental health problems affects nearly one-fifth of pregnant women during the prenatal and postpartum periods. Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 focus on maternal and child health and specify that overall health cannot be reached without mental health. Aims: The aim of this comprehensive systematic review was to evaluate research evidence on the determinants of antenatal mental health disorders among Iranian women...
July 29, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Shweta Khandelwal, M K Swamy, Kamal Patil, Dimple Kondal, Monica Chaudhry, Ruby Gupta, Gauri Divan, Mahesh Kamate, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Mrutyunjaya B Bellad, Anita Gan, Bhalchandra S Kodkany, Reynaldo Martorell, K Srinath Reddy, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Usha Ramakrishnan, Nikhil Tandon, Aryeh D Stein
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests a strong association between nutrition during the first 1000 days (conception to 2 years of life) and cognitive development. Maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation has been suggested to be linked with cognitive development of their offspring. DHA is a structural component of human brain and retina, and can be derived from marine algae, fatty fish and marine oils. Since Indian diets are largely devoid of such products, plasma DHA levels are low...
August 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Sandrine Lamy, Estelle Houivet, Stéphane Marret, Benjamin Hennart, Heloise Delavenne, Jacques Benichou, Delphine Allorge, Florence Thibaut
Tobacco and/or alcohol use during pregnancy is a major public health concern. The aim of our study was to identify risk factors associated to maternal alcohol and tobacco use assessed by maternal self-reports combined with biological measurements in meconium samples of cotinine and ethylglucuronide which reflect fetal exposure to tobacco and alcohol, respectively, during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. We conducted a prospective study in three maternity hospitals in a large urban area during consecutive weeks (2010 and 2011)...
August 3, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Larisa Ariadne Justine Barnes, Lesley Barclay, Kirsten McCaffery, Parisa Aslani
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of complementary medicine use in pregnancy and lactation has been increasingly noted internationally. This systematic review aimed to determine the complementary medicine products (CMPs) used in pregnancy and/or lactation for the benefit of the mother, the pregnancy, child and/or the breastfeeding process. Additionally, it aimed to explore the resources women used, and to examine the role of maternal health literacy in this process. METHODS: Seven databases were comprehensively searched to identify studies published in peer-reviewed journals (1995-2017)...
July 31, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Kingi Mochache, Muthoni Mathai, Onesmus Gachuno, Ann Vander Stoep, Manasi Kumar
Background: Preterm birth occurs among 9.6% of births worldwide and is the leading cause of long-term neurodevelopmental disabilities among children and also responsible for 28% of neonatal deaths. No single etiological factor is responsible for preterm birth, but various risk factors have been identified. Prior studies have reported that compromised maternal mental health occurring during pregnancy may lead to various adverse obstetric outcomes. Objective: To determine whether antenatal depression is significantly associated with preterm delivery in a low resource hospital sample from suburbs of Nairobi...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Yasuka Nakamura, Mari Sato, Ikue Watanabe
During pregnancy, women experience various emotional changes. Previous research has investigated positive emotion influenced childbirth outcomes positively. This study explored the extent of positive emotion which pregnant women aware of their own pregnancy life subjectively and variables related to the changes thereof. This was an adjunct study of the Japan Environment and Children's Study which is a nationwide epidemiological study to identify the impact of environmental factors on health and development of children in Miyagi Prefecture...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Linda Bara Lydsdottir, Louise M Howard, Halldora Olafsdottir, Hjalti Einarsson, Thora Steingrimsdottir, Jon Fridrik Sigurdsson
Risk factors for antenatal common mental problems include a history of depression, lack of social support and a history of both childhood and adulthood sexual and physical abuse. However, it is less clear whether pregnancy is a time of particular susceptibility to mental disorders due to prior childhood experiences. The aim of the paper was to investigate the potential pathways to antenatal mental health problems. A total of 521 women attending prenatal care attended a clinical interview and answered psychological questionnaires...
July 28, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Özlem Can Gürkan, Zübeyde Ekşi, Derya Deniz, Hasan Çırçır
The current literature contains few studies conducted on the effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on pregnancy symptoms. Does being subjected to IPV during pregnancy increase the incidence of pregnancy-related symptoms? The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of IPV on pregnancy-related symptoms. The study was conducted as comparative, descriptive, and cross-sectional research with a total of 370 participants. Data were collected using the Domestic Violence Against Women Screening Form, the Pregnancy Symptoms Inventory (PSI), and a descriptive questionnaire...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Stephen Matthey, Anna M Della Vedova
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of a generic mood questionnaire (Matthey Generic Mood Questionnaire, MGMQ) against the established Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in perinatal mental health mood screening. BACKGROUND: Many perinatal clinical services use the EPDS to screen for depression, and some may consider using it to screen for anxiety. A new scale, the MGMQ, is designed to screen for a wide variety of emotions, not just depression or anxiety...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Erin K Howie, Joanne A McVeigh, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Genevieve N Healy, Romola S Bucks, Peter R Eastwood, Leon M Straker
BACKGROUND: The socioecological model proposes a wide array of factors that influence behaviours. There is a need to understand salient correlates of these activity behaviours in a specific population. However, few studies identified socio-demographic, behavioural, physical, and psychological correlates of objectively-assessed physical activity and sedentary time in young adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of participants in the Raine Study (a pregnancy cohort started in 1989)...
July 25, 2018: BMC Public Health
Craig Winston LeCroy, Darlene Lopez
Home visitation research remains on the forefront as policy makers look to evidence for programs they believe are worthy of investment, particularly in terms of child abuse prevention. A randomized controlled trial (N = 245) of the Healthy Families Arizona home visitation program was conducted. Outcomes were assessed across several key domains related to child abuse and neglect: safety and resources, parenting attitudes and behaviors, health and maternal outcomes, and mental health and coping. Findings revealed significant differences between the groups at both 6-month and 1-year follow-up assessments on use of resources, mobilizing resources, home environment, subsequent pregnancy, positive affect, and problem solving favoring the Healthy Families group...
July 23, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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