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Mental health pregnancy

Daniela Alberico, Edgardo Somigliana, Benedetta Bracco, Dridi Dhouha, Anna Roberto, Paola Mosconi, Federica Facchin, Paolo Vercellini
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential benefits of pregnancy on endometriosis symptoms. This is a retrospective study that has been conducted at Academic department and referral center for endometriosis. STUDY DESIGN: We included all conservative women who had a live birth after at least one surgery for endometriosis and who reported pre-pregnancy moderate to severe pelvic pain symptoms (at least one among dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia, non menstrual pelvic pain and dyschezia)...
August 22, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Kathryn Wouk, Nisha C Gottfredson, Christine Tucker, Brian W Pence, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Bharathi Zvara, Karen Grewen, Alison M Stuebe
BACKGROUND: Research shows that individuals can improve mental health by increasing experiences of positive emotions. However, the role of positive emotions in perinatal mental health has not been investigated. This study explored the extent to which positive emotions during infant feeding are associated with maternal depression and anxiety during the first year postpartum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four women drawn from a longitudinal cohort of mother-infant dyads were followed from the third trimester through 12 months postpartum...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Maria Ekelin, Mette Langeland Iversen, Mette Grønbæk Backhausen, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Evidence has shown that there are several physical and mental advantages of exercise during pregnancy. Despite this, the recommendations for exercise during pregnancy are poorly fulfilled. The aim of this study was to illuminate non-exercising pregnant women's views and experiences concerning exercise before and during pregnancy. METHOD: The study had a qualitative design with an inductive approach and was analysed by content analysis. A total of 16 individual and face-to-face interviews were conducted with healthy pregnant women, mainly in the third trimester and living in Sweden...
October 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Viviana Vivenzio, Bernardo Nardi, Cesario Bellantuono
Antepartum depression, frequently in comorbidity with anxiety disorders, is a severe psychopathological condition frequently reported in pregnancy and in many cases associated with obstetric and neonatal complications and potential negative consequences on child neurodevelopment. However, the pharmacological treatment of depression, during pregnancy generates a lot of concerns about the risks of such treatment for the fetus development and the neonatal health. The aim of this review is to present a selection of the latest international literature including recent original studies, systematic reviews, meta-analyses and recommendations from the guidelines, both on the risks of an untreated depressive disorders and on the risk of antidepressant therapy during gestation with drugs belonging to the SSRI and SNRI (SRI) class...
September 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Erin Smith, Frederick M Burkle, Kristine Gebbie, David Ford, Cécile Bensimon
IntroductionThe Australian prehospital profession has not yet facilitated a comprehensive discussion regarding paramedic role and responsibility during disasters. Whether paramedics have a duty to treat under extreme conditions and what acceptable limitations may be placed on such a duty require urgent consideration. The purpose of this research is to encourage discussion within the paramedic profession and broader community on this important ethical and legal issue. METHODS: The authors employed qualitative methods to gather paramedic and community member perspectives in Victoria, Australia...
October 9, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
James G Scott, Michael Tunbridge, Stephen Stathis
Aggression in children is a common transdiagnostic symptom associated with a wide range of developmental and mental health problems. It emerges early and without intervention, may increase in severity as the child grows stronger. Aggressive children are more likely to experience physical and mental illness, unemployment, poverty and forensic problems as adults. Strategies to prevent aggression must address risk factors: low maternal education, adolescent pregnancy, in utero exposure to tobacco and alcohol, poverty, coercive parenting, childhood maltreatment and bullying victimisation...
October 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Hamideh Bayrampour, Angela Vinturache, Erin Hetherington, Diane L Lorenzetti, Suzanne Tough
BACKGROUND: Given the prevalence of antenatal anxiety and its consistent associations with adverse pregnancy and child outcomes, early detection and management of anxiety are essential. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to identify risk factors for anxiety among pregnant women by systematically reviewing original research. METHODS: Cross-sectional, case-control and cohort studies that examined associations between antenatal anxiety and at least one potential risk factor prospectively or retrospectively and measured anxiety independent from other mental health conditions were included...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Sharin Baldwin, Mary Malone, Jane Sandall, Debra Bick
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on first time fathers' experiences and needs in relation to their mental health and wellbeing during their transition to fatherhood. INTRODUCTION: Men's mental health and wellbeing during their transition to fatherhood is an important public health issue that is currently under-researched from a qualitative perspective and poorly understood. INCLUSION CRITERIA: Resident first time fathers (biological and non-biological) of healthy babies born with no identified terminal or long-term conditions were included...
October 4, 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
PROBLEM: Perinatal depression is a public health concern as it is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Previous studies have recommended further examination of perinatal depression among Mexican-American adolescents. Thus, the purpose of this study was to understand pregnant and postpartum Mexican-American adolescents' knowledge and beliefs concerning perinatal depression. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study examined perceptions about the causes of perinatal depression, self-help strategies, and how to obtain mental health information...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Reda Boukakiou, Nine M C Glangeaud-Freudenthal, Bruno Falissard, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Florence Gressier
Pregnancy in women with mental disorders is increasingly common. The aim of this study was to determine, in women with severe mental illnesses, whether a prenatal episode was related to neonatal complications and if a specific disorder was associated with a higher risk. A population of infants and their mothers (n = 1439) jointly admitted to psychiatric Mother-Baby Units in France and Belgium (2001-2010) was assessed respectively for prematurity, low birth weight (LBW), hospitalization in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), and maternal mental health during pregnancy...
October 5, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Adalberto Campo-Arias, Edwin Herazo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
Jennifer Sanderson Slutsker, Robin R Hennessy, Julia A Schillinger
Congenital syphilis occurs when syphilis is transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus; congenital syphilis can be prevented through screening and treatment during pregnancy. Transmission to the fetus can occur at any stage of maternal infection, but is more likely during primary and secondary syphilis, with rates of transmission up to 100% at these stages (1). Untreated syphilis during pregnancy can cause spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, and early infant death. During 2013-2017, national rates of congenital syphilis increased from 9...
October 5, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Linnet Ongeri, Valentine Wanga, Phelgona Otieno, Jane Mbui, Elizabeth Juma, Ann Vander Stoep, Muthoni Mathai
BACKGROUND: Few longitudinal studies have examined associations between risk factors during pregnancy and mental health outcomes during the postpartum period. We used a cohort study design to estimate the prevalence, incidence and correlates of significant postpartum depressive symptoms in Kenyan women. METHODS: We recruited adult women residing in an urban, resource-poor setting and attending maternal and child health clinics in two public hospitals in Nairobi, Kenya...
October 1, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Jodie G Katon, Erica W Ma, George Sayre, Laurie C Zephyrin, Kristina M Cordasco, Elizabeth M Yano, John C Fortney
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about women veterans' experiences accessing and using Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) maternity care, which is nearly all purchased from non-VA providers. OBJECTIVE: To understand women veterans' experiences, preferences, and challenges using VA maternity care. METHODS: We conducted 27 semistructured interviews with women veterans who used VA maternity care during fiscal year 2016. To capture a wide variety of experiences, we randomly sampled veterans from urban and rural VA facilities with higher and lower volumes of VA paid deliveries...
September 29, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Zahra Kamali, Zahra Abedian, Ala SaberMohammad, Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi
INTRODUCTION: Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is the most common medical complication in the first trimester of pregnancy. That associated with a wide range of physical and mental symptoms for the patient and his family and can affect the quality of life of women's life. In addition, the training to improve knowledge, in adjusting diet and lifestyle, and leading to decrease nausea and vomiting. Due to the positive characteristics of training using the small groups, this study was applied with the objective of "The effect of small group teaching on quality of life in pregnant women with nausea and vomiting...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Shivani Manjrekar, Sandeep Patil
Background: Mental health disorders globally are on a rise due to various reasons. Gender differences have been one of the reasons. Pregnancy is a stressful event in mothers and it can either exacerbate preexisting mental illness or can give rise to other mental health disorders. Studies have shown that women residing in rural areas are at higher risk of developing mental health problems. Mental health problems have detrimental effects in post-partum period. Most of the complications can be prevented if psychiatric symptoms are detected in early part of pregnancy and if women are aware of these symptoms...
October 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Bonu Sengupta, Robert H Jantzen
PURPOSE: After a steady decline in the incidence of suicide in the last 3 decades of the twentieth century, suicide rates in the US and likewise in New York City (NYC) began to rise. A breakdown of the city's rates by gender reveals that since 2000, suicides among men had held steady while the rate among women had increased in every age group, in divergence from the national pattern of rising rates in both genders. This study considers a broad range of socioeconomic variables to identify those most strongly associated with suicide rates of women in NYC...
September 28, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Georgios Sideridis, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Farida Nentin, Elizabeth A Howell, Blake A Le Grand, Rosalind J Wright
Dysregulation of the maternal-fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA) has been hypothesized to negatively influence various offspring physical and mental health outcomes. Limited data suggest that low maternal socioeconomic status (SES) in pregnancy may disrupt maternal HPAA functioning. Research is needed that examines how maternal SES in childhood may influence maternal HPAA functioning in pregnancy, given evidence that early life adversity can have persistent effects on physiological stress reactivity...
September 13, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Addishiwet Fantahun, Amsale Cherie, Leul Deribe
Objectives: Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a serious public health problem that leads to high maternal morbidity and mortality, enormously affecting the infant, family and society. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with postpartum depression among postpartum mothers attending public health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016. Methods: Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2016-April 2016 among 633 postpartum women...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Molly J Dickens, Jodi L Pawluski
The transition to motherhood is characterized by some of the most pronounced endocrine changes a women will experience in her lifetime. Unfortunately matrescence is also a time in a woman's life when she is most susceptible to mental illness such as perinatal depression. A growing body of research has aimed to determine how key endocrine systems, such as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, are involved in the dysregulation of perinatal mental health. However, very little research has consistently linked perinatal changes in the HPA axis with maternal mental illness...
September 25, 2018: Endocrinology
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