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Mental health pregnancy

Jordyn T Wallenborn, Anny-Claude Joseph, Whitney C Graves, Saba W Masho
Background: In the United States, major depressive disorder affects one in five women aged 20-40 years. During these childbearing years, depression can negatively impact maternal behaviors that are crucial for infant growth and development. This study examined the relationship between prepregnancy depression and breastfeeding duration by maternal age. Methods: Data from Phase 7 (2012-2013) of the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (N=62,483) were analyzed...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Aja Louise Murray, Daniela Kaiser, Sara Valdebenito, Claire Hughes, Adriana Baban, Asvini D Fernando, Bernadette Madrid, Catherine L Ward, Joseph Osafo, Michael Dunne, Siham Sikander, Susan Walker, Vo Van Thang, Mark Tomlinson, Manuel Eisner
Prenatal intimate partner violence (P-IPV) can have significant adverse impacts on both mother and fetus. Existing P-IPV interventions focus on the safety of the mother and on reducing revictimization; yet expanding these to address the adverse impact on the fetus has considerable potential for preventing long-term negative developmental outcomes. In this review, we draw together evidence on major pathways linking exposure to P-IPV and child outcomes, arguing that these pathways represent potential targets to improve P-IPV intervention efforts...
December 4, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
N C Momen, A Ernst, L H Arendt, J Olsen, J Li, M Gissler, C H Ramlau-Hansen
OBJECTIVE: Maternal cancer may be associated with offspring mental and behavioural disorders through various biological pathways. When postnatally diagnosed, it may cause stress and changes in care, potentially influencing mental health. Prenatally diagnosed cancer could lead to maternal stress and treatment, or influence fetal neural development. This study investigates associations between prenatally or postnatally diagnosed maternal cancers, and mental and behavioural disorders in children...
December 4, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Laura J Biggs, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Pranee Liamputtong, Della A Forster
In Australia, the PANDA-Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia National Helpline (the Helpline) offers support to callers impacted by emotional health challenges in the perinatal period. Callers receive counselling from professional staff and peer support from volunteers. An understanding of factors that contribute to callers' experiences of emotional distress, as well as potential barriers and facilitators to help-seeking, can be used to inform future service design and delivery. A caller intake form is completed by Helpline staff when an individual contacts the service for the first time, or re-engages after a period of non-contact...
December 3, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Verónica Martínez-Borba, Carlos Suso-Ribera, Jorge Osma
Perinatal mental illness refers to psychiatric disorders that exist during pregnancy and up to 1 year after childbirth. The aim of this systematic review was to discuss the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on perinatal depression (PeD) screening in the past three decades. Published articles were searched between 1990 and 2018, both in English and Spanish. In the search, we used different keywords, such as "pregnancy," "depression," or "technology" in ScienceDirect, PubMed-NCBI, and Web of Science...
November 30, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Kevin Doherty, Marguerite Barry, José Marcano-Belisario, Bérenger Arnaud, Cecily Morrison, Josip Car, Gavin Doherty
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health impacts both parental well-being and childhood development. In the United Kingdom, 15% of women are affected by depression during pregnancy or within 1 year of giving birth. Suicide is a leading cause of perinatal maternal mortality, and it is estimated that >50% of perinatal depression cases go undiagnosed. Mobile technologies are potentially valuable tools for the early recognition of depressive symptoms, but complex design challenges must be addressed to enable their use in public health screening...
November 27, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Shampa Ghosh, Jitendra Kumar Sinha, Nitin Khandelwal, Sumana Chakravarty, Arvind Kumar, Manchala Raghunath
A sub-optimal nutritional environment from early life can be envisaged as a stressor that translates into mental health problems in adulthood. Considering the widespread prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency especially amongst women in developing countries and the importance of vitamin B12 in normal brain function, in this study we have elucidated the behavioural correlates of chronic severe and moderate vitamin B12 deficiency in C57BL/6 mouse model established by us earlier. Female weanling mice were assigned to three dietary groups: (a) control AIN-76A diet with cellulose as dietary fibre (b) vitamin B12 restricted AIN-76A diet with pectin as dietary fibre (severe deficiency group) and (c) vitamin B12 restricted AIN-76A diet with cellulose as dietary fibre (moderate deficiency group)...
November 25, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
Fleur A Le Marne, Susan J Towns, Claire Gaskin, Jane Ho, Richard Baker, Erin Beavis, Anne M Bye
AIM: To implement and appraise a new model of care in terms of: patient experience, knowledge of epilepsy, readiness for transition and emotional and behavioural support in a new purpose-built facility for adolescents and young adults. METHODS: The new model of care included: upskilling of neurology staff in adolescent engagement and provision of group education sessions on epilepsy and mental health (MH), along with MH support, in a new purpose-built adolescent facility...
November 25, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Nolwenn Lagadec, Magali Steinecker, Amar Kapassi, Anne Marie Magnier, Julie Chastang, Sarah Robert, Nadia Gaouaou, Gladys Ibanez
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a period of transition with important physical and emotional changes. Even in uncomplicated pregnancies, these changes can affect the quality of life (QOL) of pregnant women, affecting both maternal and infant health. The objectives of this study were to describe the quality of life during uncomplicated pregnancy and to assess its associated socio-demographic, physical and psychological factors in developed countries. METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines...
November 23, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
S W McDonald, S Madigan, N Racine, K Benzies, L Tomfohr, S Tough
Links between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and threats to health and well-being later in life are well established. The current study extends those findings into younger populations of pregnant women and their children; investigating how ACEs relates to maternal postpartum well-being, coping, and parenting, as well as child outcomes. Participants included 1994 mothers and children from the All Our Families community-based cohort in Alberta, Canada, followed from pregnancy (from 2008 to 2011) until child age 3 years...
November 22, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Gilbert Gonzales, Nicole Quinones, Laura Attanasio
BACKGROUND: A large body of research has documented disparities in health and access to care among sexual minority populations, but very little population-based research has focused on the health care needs among pregnant sexual minority women. METHODS: Data for this study came from 3,901 reproductive-age (18-44 years) women who identified as lesbian or bisexual and 63,827 reproductive-age women who identified as heterosexual in the 2014-2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
November 19, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Sujit D Rathod, Simone Honikman, Charlotte Hanlon, Rahul Shidhaye
Background: Perinatal depression is associated with negative effects on child behavioural, cognitive and emotional development, birth outcomes, and physical growth. In India, increased priority accorded to mental health programs mean it is now possible to reduce the population-level burden of perinatal depression. In this secondary analysis of two studies, we aimed to describe the epidemiological features of depression among community- and facility-based samples of perinatal women from rural central India, and to describe the help-seeking behaviours from those women who screened positive for depression...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Janiece E DeSocio
This paper provides a summary of literature on epigenetic effects and infant health outcomes of maternal psychosocial stress during pregnancy. A search of literature yielded a large body of publications between 2008 and 2018. Relevant articles were selected, and additional sources were located from ancestry searches of reference lists. Results implicate maternal prenatal stress as a source of epigenetic mechanisms that affect fetal brain development and program risk for emotional dysregulation and mental disorders over a lifetime and across generations...
December 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Brendan P McDonnell, Sheila Keogan, Luke Clancy, Carmen Regan
OBJECTIVE: Maternal cigarette smoking is a recognised risk factor for maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality and remains a significant problem in the Irish maternity system. Approximately 11% of Irish women will continue to smoke in pregnancy, despite awareness of the negative impact on their pregnancy. Although recommendations exist for the management of pregnant smokers, information on the antenatal care of Irish smokers in pregnancy has not been described. We reviewed the care given to smokers in a large urban maternity hospital...
November 12, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Melissa Mulraney, Rebecca Giallo, Daryl Efron, Stephanie Brown, Jan M Nicholson, Emma Sciberras
Exposure to maternal mental health problems during pregnancy and the first year of life has been associated with the development of ADHD. One pathway through which maternal mental health may influence children's outcomes is via its effects on parenting. This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of parenting behavior in the pathway between maternal postnatal distress and later symptoms of ADHD in the child. Biological mothers living with their children participating in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children with data available from waves 1 (child age 3-12 months) and 5 (child age 8-9 years) were included in the current study (n = 3456)...
November 16, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Kristin M Mattocks, Rebecca Baldor, Bevanne Bean-Mayberry, Michael Cucciare, Megan R Gerber, Karen M Goldstein, Kimberly D Hammer, Elizabeth E Hill, Aimee Kroll-Desrosiers, Allan V Prochazka, Anne G Sadler, Lori Bastian
BACKGROUND: Despite the relatively recent Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) policy advances in providing care for veterans and their infants during the perinatal period, little information exists regarding access to prenatal care for women veterans. Currently, VA medical centers do not provide onsite pregnancy care for veterans, but pay for care from community obstetricians through the Veterans Choice Program (VCP) and related non-VA care programs. The VCP is subcontracted to two large contractors, Health Net and TriWest, to assist the VA in administering the VCP...
November 13, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Nicolas Berthelot, Roxanne Lemieux, Carl Lacharité
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy and the birth of a child present particular challenges for adults with personal histories of childhood abuse or neglect. However, few prenatal interventions address the specific needs of this population. This research aims to determine a list of actions that should be achieved during group interventions designed for expectant parents who experienced childhood trauma. METHODS: Fifteen stakeholders representing nine different Quebec health care and community organizations that work with families and/or trauma survivors participated in a Delphi process in two rounds...
November 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Jani Kajanoja, Noora M Scheinin, Max Karukivi, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of alexithymia has been consistently reported in alcohol- and drug-dependent populations. However, less is known about the role of alexithymia, and its individual dimensions on substance use in healthier populations. OBJECTIVES: To examine how different alexithymia dimensions associate with substance use, while controlling for confounding factors. METHODS: In the FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study, we analyzed a sample of 994 men...
November 14, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Nhi Tho Tran, Hanh Thi Thuy Nguyen, Hinh Duc Nguyen, Toan Van Ngo, Tine Gammeltoft, Vibeke Rasch, Dan W Meyrowitsch
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a relation between intimate partner violence (IPV) and postpartum depression (PPD). However, these studies have primarily focused on physical and sexual violence as predictors for postpartum depression and little attention has been given to emotional violence (EV), despite emotional violence having been well reported as the most common type of violence experienced by women. This present study aimed to investigate the association between various types of emotional experience during life with present partner and postnatal depressive symptoms among women in Vietnam...
2018: PloS One
Eva Mautner, Hannah Kalchmair, Alexander Avian, Maria Deutsch, Elfriede Greimel, Philipp Klaritsch
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to explore maternal health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and depression following intrauterine interventions in complicated monochorionic twin pregnancies at the Medical University Graz. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional questionnaire survey, women with at least one liveborn infant following intrauterine intervention during 2011 and 2015 were matched with uncomplicated monochorionic and dichorionic pregnancies. All completed the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey to measure HRQoL and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 to measure depression...
November 8, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
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