Read by QxMD icon Read


Jérome Chal, Ziad Al Tanoury, Masayuki Oginuma, Philippe Moncuquet, Bénédicte Gobert, Ayako Miyanari, Olivier Tassy, Getzabel Guevara, Alexis Hubaud, Agata Bera, Olga Sumara, Jean-Marie Garnier, Leif Kennedy, Marie Knockaert, Barbara Gayraud-Morel, Shahragim Tajbakhsh, Olivier Pourquié
Body skeletal muscles derive from the paraxial mesoderm, which forms in the posterior region of the embryo. Using microarrays, we characterize novel mouse presomitic mesoderm (PSM) markers and show that, unlike the abrupt transcriptome reorganization of the PSM, neural tube differentiation is accompanied by progressive transcriptome changes. The early paraxial mesoderm differentiation stages can be efficiently recapitulated in vitro using mouse and human pluripotent stem cells. While Wnt activation alone can induce posterior PSM markers, acquisition of a committed PSM fate and efficient differentiation into anterior PSM Pax3+ identity further requires BMP inhibition to prevent progenitors from drifting to a lateral plate mesoderm fate...
March 19, 2018: Development
Aleksandra Klimczak, Urszula Kozlowska, Maciej Kurpisz
Muscular dystrophies represent a group of diseases which may develop in several forms, and severity of the disease is usually associated with gene mutations. In skeletal muscle regeneration and in muscular dystrophies, both innate and adaptive immune responses are involved. The regenerative potential of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) of bone marrow origin was confirmed by the ability to differentiate into diverse tissues and by their immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties by secretion of a variety of growth factors and anti-inflammatory cytokines...
March 13, 2018: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
Claudia Miersch, Katja Stange, Monika Röntgen
BACKGROUND: Satellite cells (SC) and their descendants, muscle precursor cells (MPC), play a key role in postnatal muscle development, regeneration, and plasticity. Several studies have provided evidence that SC and MPC represent a heterogeneous population differing in their biochemical and functional properties. The identification and characterization of functionally divergent SC subpopulations should help to reveal the precise involvement of SC/MPC in these myogenic processes. The aim of the present work was therefore to separate SC subpopulations by using Percoll gradients and to characterize their myogenic marker profiles and their functional properties (adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation)...
March 9, 2018: BMC Cell Biology
F Chen, W Yuan, X Mo, J Zhuang, Y Wang, J Chen, Z Jiang, X Zhu, Q Zeng, Y Wan, F Li, Y Shi, L Cao, X Fan, S Luo, X Ye, Y Chen, G Dai, J Gao, X Wang, H Xie, P Zhu, Y Li, X Wu
Four-and-a-half LIM domains protein 1 (FHL1) mutations are associated with human myopathies. However, the function of this protein in skeletal development remains unclear. Zebrafish Fhl1A is the homologue of human FHL1. In the present study, we showed that fhl1A knockdown causes defective skeletal muscle development, while injection with fhl1A mRNA largely recovered the muscle development in these fhl1A morphants. We also demonstrated that fhl1A knockdown decreases the number of satellite cells. This decrease in satellite cells and the emergence of skeletal muscle abnormalities were associated with alterations in the gene expression of myoD, pax7, mef2ca and skMLCK...
March 7, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
Chayanit Chaweewannakorn, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Masashi Koide, Hiroyasu Hatakeyama, Yukinori Tanaka, Shinichirou Yoshida, Shunji Sugawara, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Keiichi Sasaki, Makoto Kanzaki
Skeletal muscle regeneration after injury is a complex process involving interactions between inflammatory microenvironments and satellite cells. Interleukin (IL)-1 is a key mediator of inflammatory responses and exerts pleiotropic impacts on various cell types. Thus, we aimed to investigate the role of IL-1 during skeletal muscle regeneration. We herein show that IL-1α/β-double-knockout (IL-1KO) mice exhibit delayed muscle regeneration after cardiotoxin (CTX) injection, characterized by delayed infiltrations of immune cells accompanied by suppressed local production of pro-inflammatory factors including IL-6 and delayed increase of PAX7-positive satellite cells post-injury as compared with those of wild-type (WT) mice...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Marine Theret, Linda Gsaier, Sabrina Ben Larbi, Michèle Weiss-Gayet, Rémi Mounier
In this chapter, we describe the methods to isolate and culture muscle stem cells (MuSCs) from murine skeletal muscle in order to decipher the intrinsic effect of AMP-activated kinase activity on MuSC fate. Culture of MuSCs is a powerful model to recapitulate every step of stem cell behavior observed in vivo: activation, proliferation, differentiation, fusion and also self-renewal. We provide the detailed procedures to isolate pure MuSCs by a flow cytometry-based method using the selection of a combination of specific markers and to characterize MuSC fate (quiescence, activation, and differentiation) in response to AMPK activity modulation by assessing of the expression of stem cell (e...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
E A Radugina, E A C Almeida, E Blaber, V A Poplinskaya, Y V Markitantova, E N Grigoryan
Mechanical unloading in microgravity during spaceflight is known to cause muscular atrophy, changes in muscle fiber composition, gene expression, and reduction in regenerative muscle growth. Although some limited data exists for long-term effects of microgravity in human muscle, these processes have mostly been studied in rodents for short periods of time. Here we report on how long-term (30-day long) mechanical unloading in microgravity affects murine muscles of the femoral Quadriceps group. To conduct these studies we used muscle tissue from 6 microgravity mice, in comparison to habitat (7), and vivarium (14) ground control mice from the NASA Biospecimen Sharing Program conducted in collaboration with the Institute for Biomedical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, during the Russian Bion M1 biosatellite mission in 2013...
February 2018: Life Sciences in Space Research
Nicoletta Marroncelli, Marzia Bianchi, Marco Bertin, Silvia Consalvi, Valentina Saccone, Marco De Bardi, Pier Lorenzo Puri, Daniela Palacios, Sergio Adamo, Viviana Moresi
Skeletal muscle exhibits a high regenerative capacity, mainly due to the ability of satellite cells to replicate and differentiate in response to appropriate stimuli. Epigenetic control is effective at different stages of this process. It has been shown that the chromatin-remodeling factor HDAC4 is able to regulate satellite cell proliferation and commitment. However, its molecular targets are still uncovered. To explain the signaling pathways regulated by HDAC4 in satellite cells, we generated tamoxifen-inducible mice with conditional inactivation of HDAC4 in Pax7+ cells (HDAC4 KO mice)...
February 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sofia Garcia, Nadee Nissanka, Edson A Mareco, Susana Rossi, Susana Peralta, Francisca Diaz, Richard L Rotundo, Robson F Carvalho, Carlos T Moraes
PGC-1α is a transcriptional co-activator known as the master regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis. Its control of metabolism has been suggested to exert critical influence in the aging process. We have aged mice overexpressing PGC-1α in skeletal muscle to determine whether the transcriptional changes reflected a pattern of expression observed in younger muscle. Analyses of muscle proteins showed that Pax7 and several autophagy markers were increased. In general, the steady-state levels of several muscle proteins resembled that of muscle from young mice...
February 10, 2018: Aging Cell
Naoki Horii, Masataka Uchida, Natsuki Hasegawa, Shumpei Fujie, Eri Oyanagi, Hiromi Yano, Takeshi Hashimoto, Motoyuki Iemitsu
Increased complement component 1q (C1q) secretion with aging leads to muscle fibrosis and atrophy whereas resistance training attenuates circulating C1q levels. This study aimed to clarify whether resistance exercise-induced reduction of C1q secretion contributes to the inhibition of fibrosis and atrophy in aged muscles. Young (13-wk-old) and aged (38-wk-old) senescence-accelerated mouse prone 1 mice were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: a young or aged sedentary control group, or a young or aged resistance training (climbing a ladder 3 d/wk for 12 wk) group...
January 30, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Nayomi Perera, Maciej Szarek, Amanda Vannitamby, Jaya Vikraman, Georgina Huan, Abigale Durston, John Hutson, Ruili Li
AIM: Cryptorchidism affects 2%-4% of newborn boys and causes infertility and cancer. While normal androgen function is required for successful inguinoscrotal descent, its exact role on gubernacular morphology remains unidentified. We aimed to decipher the effect of androgen blockade on the gubernaculum and surrounding structures. METHODS: Genetically modified mice with androgen receptor knock out (ARKO) were sectioned at ages E17, D0, and D2 for immunohistochemical analysis and D4 for morphological analysis (with ethical approval; A644)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Birgit Friedmann-Bette, Francesca Profit, Thomas Gwechenberger, Nadine Weiberg, Mario Parstorfer, Marc-Andre Weber, Nikolaus Streich, Alexander Barié
PURPOSE: Protracted quadriceps muscle atrophy is observed after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R). The aim of this study was to assess if quadriceps strength training with eccentric overload (CON/ECC) is more efficient to induce muscle regeneration after ACL-R than conventional concentric/eccentric (CON/ECC) strength training. METHODS: Biopsies from the vastus lateralis muscle were obtained from 37 recreational athletes after 12 weeks of regular rehabilitation following ACL-R and again after 12 weeks with twice a week either conventional CON/ECC (n = 16) or CON/ECC (n = 21) one-legged supervised leg-press training...
January 31, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Yao Xu, Tao Shi, Yang Zhou, Mei Liu, Sebastian Klaus, Xianyong Lan, Chuzhao Lei, Hong Chen
Paired box 7 (PAX7) gene regulates the conversion of muscle satellite cells into myogenic cells and participates in multi-step processes in myogenesis. Expression levels of PAX7 are decisive for its regulatory function. Previous reports revealed that PAX7 were responsible for the developmental traits of muscle. The relationship of the PAX7 promoter variants and livestock phenotypic traits has not been fully elucidated. We detected a novel 10-bp insertion/deletion (indel) polymorphism in the bovine PAX7 promoter and revealed that the indel altered the binding of the transcriptional factor ZNF219...
January 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Milica Tosic, Anita Allen, Dominica Willmann, Christoph Lepper, Johnny Kim, Delphine Duteil, Roland Schüle
Satellite cells are muscle stem cells required for muscle regeneration upon damage. Of note, satellite cells are bipotent and have the capacity to differentiate not only into skeletal myocytes, but also into brown adipocytes. Epigenetic mechanisms regulating fate decision and differentiation of satellite cells during muscle regeneration are not yet fully understood. Here, we show that elevated levels of lysine-specific demethylase 1 (Kdm1a, also known as Lsd1) have a beneficial effect on muscle regeneration and recovery after injury, since Lsd1 directly regulates key myogenic transcription factor genes...
January 25, 2018: Nature Communications
Jason A Hanna, Matthew R Garcia, Alicia Lardennois, Patrick J Leavey, Dino Maglic, Alexandre Fagnan, Jonathan C Go, Jordan Roach, Yong-Dong Wang, David Finkelstein, Mark E Hatley
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in childhood and histologically resembles developing skeletal muscle. Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) is an aggressive subtype with a higher rate of metastasis and poorer prognosis. The majority of ARMS tumors (80%) harbor a PAX3-FOXO1 or less commonly a PAX7-FOXO1 fusion gene. The presence of either the PAX3-FOXO1 or PAX7-FOXO1 fusion gene foretells a poorer prognosis resulting in clinical re-classification as either fusion-positive (FP-RMS) or fusion-negative RMS (FN-RMS)...
January 25, 2018: Oncogene
Sergej Nowoshilow, Siegfried Schloissnig, Ji-Feng Fei, Andreas Dahl, Andy W C Pang, Martin Pippel, Sylke Winkler, Alex R Hastie, George Young, Juliana G Roscito, Francisco Falcon, Dunja Knapp, Sean Powell, Alfredo Cruz, Han Cao, Bianca Habermann, Michael Hiller, Elly M Tanaka, Eugene W Myers
Salamanders serve as important tetrapod models for developmental, regeneration and evolutionary studies. An extensive molecular toolkit makes the Mexican axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) a key representative salamander for molecular investigations. Here we report the sequencing and assembly of the 32-gigabase-pair axolotl genome using an approach that combined long-read sequencing, optical mapping and development of a new genome assembler (MARVEL). We observed a size expansion of introns and intergenic regions, largely attributable to multiplication of long terminal repeat retroelements...
February 1, 2018: Nature
Yixia Zhao, Fengqi Cao, Xiaohua Yu, Chuyan Chen, Jiao Meng, Ran Zhong, Yong Zhang, Dahai Zhu
Myogenic differentiation of skeletal muscle stem cells, also known satellite cells, is tightly orchestrated by extrinsic and intrinsic regulators. Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) is well documented to be implicated in satellite cell self-renewal and differentiation by repressing MyoD. We recently identified a MyoD-regulated and skeletal muscle-specifically expressed long non-coding RNA Linc-RAM which enhances myogenic differentiation by facilitating MyoD/Baf60c/Brg1 complex assembly. Herein, we investigated the transcriptional regulation and intracellular signaling pathway in mediating Linc-RAM gene expression during muscle cell differentiation...
January 24, 2018: RNA Biology
Alexandre Mayran, Konstantin Khetchoumian, Fadi Hariri, Tomi Pastinen, Yves Gauthier, Aurelio Balsalobre, Jacques Drouin
Pioneer transcription factors establish new cell-fate competence by triggering chromatin remodeling. However, many features of pioneer action, such as their kinetics and stability, remain poorly defined. Here, we show that Pax7, by opening a unique repertoire of enhancers, is necessary and sufficient for specification of one pituitary lineage. Pax7 binds its targeted enhancers rapidly, but chromatin remodeling and gene activation are slower. Enhancers opened by Pax7 show a loss of DNA methylation and acquire stable epigenetic memory, as evidenced by binding of nonpioneer factors after Pax7 withdrawal...
January 22, 2018: Nature Genetics
Lingjun Rao, Ying Qian, Alastair Khodabukus, Thomas Ribar, Nenad Bursac
The generation of functional skeletal muscle tissues from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) has not been reported. Here, we derive induced myogenic progenitor cells (iMPCs) via transient overexpression of Pax7 in paraxial mesoderm cells differentiated from hPSCs. In 2D culture, iMPCs readily differentiate into spontaneously contracting multinucleated myotubes and a pool of satellite-like cells endogenously expressing Pax7. Under optimized 3D culture conditions, iMPCs derived from multiple hPSC lines reproducibly form functional skeletal muscle tissues (iSKM bundles) containing aligned multi-nucleated myotubes that exhibit positive force-frequency relationship and robust calcium transients in response to electrical or acetylcholine stimulation...
January 9, 2018: Nature Communications
Joshua P Nederveen, Sophie Joanisse, Tim Snijders, Aaron Cq Thomas, Dinesh Kumbhare, Gianni Parise
Factors that determine the skeletal muscle satellite cell (SC) response remain incompletely understood. It is known, however, that SC activation status is closely related to the anatomical relationship between SC and muscle capillaries. We investigated the impact of muscle fibre capillarization on the expansion and activation status of SC following a muscle damaging exercise protocol in healthy young men. Twenty-nine young men (21 ± 0.5 yrs) performed 300 unilateral eccentric contractions (180 deg·s-1 ) of the knee extensors...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"