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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517670/association-of-estimated-sleep-duration-and-naps-with-mortality-and-cardiovascular-events-a-study-of-116-632-people-from-21-countries
#1
Chuangshi Wang, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Sumathy Rangarajan, Scott A Lear, Khalid F AlHabib, Viswanathan Mohan, Koon Teo, Paul Poirier, Lap Ah Tse, Zhiguang Liu, Annika Rosengren, Rajesh Kumar, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Khalid Yusoff, Nahed Monsef, Vijayakumar Krishnapillai, Noorhassim Ismail, Pamela Seron, Antonio L Dans, Lanthé Kruger, Karen Yeates, Lloyd Leach, Rita Yusuf, Andres Orlandini, Maria Wolyniec, Ahmad Bahonar, Indu Mohan, Rasha Khatib, Ahmet Temizhan, Wei Li, Salim Yusuf
Aims: To investigate the association of estimated total daily sleep duration and daytime nap duration with deaths and major cardiovascular events. Methods and results: We estimated the durations of total daily sleep and daytime naps based on the amount of time in bed and self-reported napping time and examined the associations between them and the composite outcome of deaths and major cardiovascular events in 116 632 participants from seven regions. After a median follow-up of 7...
December 5, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517661/age-at-onset-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-women-with-and-without-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-like-status
#2
Qing Peng, Carrie A Karvonen-Gutierrez, John F Randolph, Bin Nan, Daniel McConnell, Siobán D Harlow
Context: Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), but whether they develop MetS earlier than women without PCOS is unknown. Understanding the impact of PCOS on the timing of MetS onset is important for screening and clinical care in this population. Design: Women with PCOS-like status ("PCOSp") were identified from participants of the Michigan Bone Health and Metabolism Study based upon history of irregular menstrual cycles, high free-androgen index and high levels of anti-müllerian hormone...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517582/tuberculosis-control-from-the-perspective-of-health-professionals-working-in-street-clinics
#3
Paula Hino, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Renata Ferreira Takahashi, Káren Mendes Jorge de Souza, Tania Maria Ribeiro Monteiro de Figueiredo, Maria Rita Bertolozzi
PURPOSE: to present the opinion of professionals about street dwellers undergoing treatment of tuberculosis and identify strategies of control of tuberculosis in this population. METHOD: an exploratory and descriptive study involving 17 health professionals working in street clinics. A semi-structured study composed of closed questions and a guiding question. The statements were analyzed using the discourse analysis technique, resulting in the identification of two analytical categories: 1...
November 29, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517469/characteristics-associated-to-a-poor-self-rated-health-in-brazilian-adolescents-national-adolescent-school-based-health-survey-2015
#4
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Max Moura de Oliveira, Isis Eloah Machado, Rogério Ruscito Prado, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Claudio Dutra Crespo, Ada Ávila Assunção
Health self-assessment (HSA) is a widely studied indicator among adults and the elderly, but not often explored in adolescents. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of poor self-rated health in Brazilian schoolchildren and associated factors. Data from the 2015 National Adolescent School-based Health Survey (PeNSE) were analyzed; prevalences and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated for poor self-rated health and associated factors. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed...
November 29, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517395/the-waiting-room-potential-for-people-with-arterial-hypertension-to-learn
#5
Maria de Lourdes Barbosa Negrão, Patrícia Costa Dos Santos da Silva, Camila Maria Silva Paraizo, Roberta Garcia Gomes, Eliza Maria Rezende Dázio, Eliane Garcia Rezende, Zélia Marilda Rodrigues Resck, Silvana Maria Coelho Leite Fava
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the meanings assigned by people with systemic arterial hypertension to health education actions in the waiting room. METHOD: This is an analytical qualitative study, held in 2016 with 19 people with arterial hypertension from a health unit. The data were collected in households, through a semi-structured interview and field notes, recorded on audio, transcribed and organized by thematic analysis, being analyzed considering Vygostky's Cultural-Historical Learning Theory...
November 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515828/class-based-masculinity-cardiovascular-health-and-rehabilitation
#6
Adam Taylor Smith, Alex Dumas
Men in economically advanced societies are more at-risk of dying prematurely due to heart disease than women, and this risk is inversely related to their socioeconomic status (SES). While the strong influence of socioeconomic factors on self-management of chronic diseases is important, the impact of masculinity must also be considered. This study examines the social variation in preventive health lifestyles of men from two contrasting socioeconomic groups who have suffered from a cardiovascular incident requiring hospitalization...
December 4, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515634/nutrition-interventions-for-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-populations-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Feiyue Deng, Anran Zhang, Catherine Chan
Developing culturally appropriate diabetes nutrition interventions for immigrants could be facilitated knowing what is successful in the home country and other relevant countries. The primary purpose of this scoping review was to identify the design and delivery methods of nutrition interventions for Chinese populations with type 2 diabetes, in their home countries and as immigrants to western countries. A total of 14 articles was retrieved and included. Overall, the approaches used in China often were modelled on intensive lifestyle programs although alternative strategies were also identified...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514317/using-concept-mapping-to-identify-policy-options-and-interventions-towards-people-centred-health-care-services-a-multi-stakeholders-perspective
#8
Christine Cécile Leyns, Jan De Maeseneer, Sara Willems
BACKGROUND: People-centred health care (PCC) services are identified by the WHO as important building blocks towards universal health coverage. In 2016 the WHO formulated a comprehensive framework on integrated PCC services based on an international expert consultation. Yet, expert opinions may fail to recognize the needs of all health system stakeholders. Therefore, a consultation method that includes the health workforce and laypersons, can be instrumental to elaborate this framework more in-depth...
December 4, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514285/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-personalised-lifestyle-coaching-application-in-modifying-periconceptional-behaviours-in-women-suffering-from-reproductive-failures-iplan-trial
#9
Ka Ying Bonnie Ng, Susan Wellstead, Ying Cheong, Nick Macklon
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle, in particular obesity and smoking has significant impacts on fertility and an important focus for the treatment of reproductive failures is the optimisation of periconceptional lifestyle behaviours. The preimplantation intrauterine environment within the uterus is also key for embryo development and early programming. Although the benefits a healthy periconceptional lifestyle are well described, there remains a paucity of data demonstrating the efficacy of interventions designed to optimise preconceptional lifestyle behaviours and choices...
December 4, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514217/general-practitioners-reasoning-on-risk-screening-and-primary-prevention-of-stroke-a-focus-group-study
#10
Ann-Helen Patomella, Gustav Mickols, Eric Asaba, Gunnar Nilsson, Cecilia Fridén, Anders Kottorp, Bo Christer Bertilson, Kerstin Tham
BACKGROUND: By screening and modifying risk factors, stroke incidence can be reduced. Clinical guidelines states that primary prevention of stroke is a responsibility and task of primary health care, but research shows that this not always the case. The aim of the study was to explore and describe what characterizes GPs' reasoning around risk screening and primary prevention among persons at risk for stroke in primary health care. METHODS: A qualitative design based in a grounded theory approach was chosen in order to investigate this unexplored research area...
December 4, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513937/low-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-isolated-adolescents-the-mediation-effects-of-stress
#11
Rosario Ferrer-Cascales, Natalia Albaladejo-Blázquez, Nicolás Ruiz-Robledillo, María Rubio-Aparicio, Ana Laguna-Pérez, Ana Zaragoza-Martí
Loneliness perception during adolescence has been increased dramatically in recent years. Changes in lifestyle and difficulties in social interaction could explain this increased phenomenon. As described in previous research, this fact has been associated with the development of high stress levels and dysfunctional lifestyles, in which eating habits play a main role. In this regard, loneliness has been classically associated with poor eating habits, fundamentally the consumption of processed food with little nutritional value...
December 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513869/one-health-fermented-foods-and-gut-microbiota
#12
REVIEW
Victoria Bell, Jorge Ferrão, Lígia Pimentel, Manuela Pintado, Tito Fernandes
Changes in present-day society such as diets with more sugar, salt, and saturated fat, bad habits and unhealthy lifestyles contribute to the likelihood of the involvement of the microbiota in inflammatory diseases, which contribute to global epidemics of obesity, depression, and mental health concerns. The microbiota is presently one of the hottest areas of scientific and medical research, and exerts a marked influence on the host during homeostasis and disease. Fermented foods and beverages are generally defined as products made by microbial organisms and enzymatic conversions of major and minor food components...
December 3, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513866/inverse-association-between-organic-food-purchase-and-diabetes-mellitus-in-us-adults
#13
Yangbo Sun, Buyun Liu, Yang Du, Linda G Snetselaar, Qi Sun, Frank B Hu, Wei Bao
BACKGROUND: The organic food market has grown rapidly worldwide in the past 15 years. However, evidence concerning the health effects of organic foods is scarce. We evaluated the cross-sectional association of organic food purchase, as a proxy of organic food consumption, with diabetes in a nationally representative population. METHODS: We included 8199 participants aged ≥20 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007⁻2008 and 2009⁻2010...
December 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513857/influence-of-parental-healthy-eating-attitudes-and-nutritional-knowledge-on-nutritional-adequacy-and-diet-quality-among-preschoolers-the-sendo-project
#14
Andrea Romanos-Nanclares, Itziar Zazpe, Susana Santiago, Lucía Marín, Anaïs Rico-Campà, Nerea Martín-Calvo
Parental nutrition knowledge and attitudes play a fundamental role in their children's food knowledge. However, little is known about their influence on their children's diet quality and micronutrient intake. Thus, we aimed to assess the association of parental nutrition knowledge and healthy-eating attitudes with their children's adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and micronutrient adequacy. Parental healthy-eating attitudes and knowledge of the quality of their child's diet as well as anthropometric, lifestyle, and nutrient intake characteristics were recorded with a basal questionnaire that included a 140-item-food frequency-questionnaire...
December 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513771/association-between-cluster-of-lifestyle-behaviors-and-homa-ir-among-adolescents-abcd-growth-study
#15
André Oliveira Werneck, Ricardo Ribeiro Agostinete, Suziane Ungari Cayres, Jacqueline Bexiga Urban, Andréa Wigna, Lucas Gabriel de Moraes Chagas, Wesley Torres, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes
Objective: To analyze the association of potential risk factors to health with body fatness and insulin resistance. Baseline measures of the ongoing longitudinal Analysis of Behaviors of Children During (ABCD) Growth Study. Materials and Methods: The sample was composed of 280 adolescents of both sexes (198 boys and 82 girls) aged from 10 to 18 years. Four risk factors were considered, as follows: no sports practice, skipping breakfast, poor sleep quality, and TV viewing. The outcomes considered were insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and body fatness (densitometer scanner)...
December 1, 2018: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513433/effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-supplementation-combined-with-lifestyle-intervention-on-adipokines-and-biomarkers-of-endothelial-dysfunction-in-obese-adolescents-with-hypertriglyceridemia
#16
Fengyang Huang, Blanca Estela Del-Río-Navarro, José Leija-Martinez, Saúl Torres-Alcantara, Eliseo Ruiz-Bedolla, Leticia Hernández-Cadena, Albino Barraza-Villarreal, Rodrigo Romero-Nava, Fausto Sanchéz-Muñoz, Santiago Villafaña, Laurence A Marchat, Enrique Hong
Obesity in adolescents is considered a major public health problem; combined interventional approaches such as omega-3 supplementation with lifestyle intervention (LI) might exert synergistic effects and exceed the impact of each individual strategy. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate if the supplementation of omega-3 with LI could improve metabolic and endothelial abnormality in obese adolescents with hypertriglyceridemia. The study involved sixty-nine adolescents with normal weight and seventy obese adolescents with hypertriglyceridemia...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513077/metabolic-syndrome-in-pregnancy-and-risk-for-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-a-prospective-cohort-of-nulliparous-women
#17
Jessica A Grieger, Tina Bianco-Miotto, Luke E Grzeskowiak, Shalem Y Leemaqz, Lucilla Poston, Lesley M McCowan, Louise C Kenny, Jenny E Myers, James J Walker, Gus A Dekker, Claire T Roberts
BACKGROUND: Obesity increases the risk for developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia (PE), which both associate with increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women in later life. In the general population, metabolic syndrome (MetS) associates with T2DM and CVD. The impact of maternal MetS on pregnancy outcomes, in nulliparous pregnant women, has not been investigated. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Low-risk, nulliparous women were recruited to the multi-centre, international prospective Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) cohort between 11 November 2004 and 28 February 2011...
December 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511918/bariatric-surgery-lifestyle-interventions-and-orlistat-for-severe-obesity-the-rebalance-mixed-methods-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#18
Alison Avenell, Clare Robertson, Zoë Skea, Elisabet Jacobsen, Dwayne Boyers, David Cooper, Magaly Aceves-Martins, Lise Retat, Cynthia Fraser, Paul Aveyard, Fiona Stewart, Graeme MacLennan, Laura Webber, Emily Corbould, Benshuai Xu, Abbygail Jaccard, Bonnie Boyle, Eilidh Duncan, Michal Shimonovich, Marijn de Bruin
BACKGROUND: Adults with severe obesity [body mass index (BMI) of ≥ 35 kg/m2 ] have an increased risk of comorbidities and psychological, social and economic consequences. OBJECTIVES: Systematically review bariatric surgery, weight-management programmes (WMPs) and orlistat pharmacotherapy for adults with severe obesity, and evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of treatment. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the NHS Economic Evaluation Database were searched (last searched in May 2017)...
November 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511509/how-much-exercise-should-be-promoted-to-raise-total-daily-energy-expenditure-and-improve-health
#19
REVIEW
N M Byrne, A P Hills
Despite longstanding recognition of the benefits of a physically active lifestyle, there remains ambiguity regarding exactly how much exercise should be promoted to raise total energy expenditure (TEE) and improve health. This review provides a brief summary of the dose-response relationship between physical activity and relative risk of morbidity and mortality; mechanisms through which exercise drives an increase in TEE; the highest reported levels of TEE measured via doubly labelled water; and the potential impact of non-compliance and confounders in moderating the contribution of exercise to increase TEE...
December 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30511507/modulation-of-thermogenesis-and-metabolic-health-a-built-environment-perspective
#20
REVIEW
W D van Marken Lichtenbelt, H Pallubinsky, M Te Kulve
Lifestyle interventions, obviating the increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, generally focus on nutrition and physical activity. Environmental factors are hardly covered. Because we spend on average more that 90% of our time indoors, it is, however, relevant to address these factors. In the built environment, the attention has been limited to the (assessment and optimization of) building performance and occupant thermal comfort for a long time. Only recently well-being and health of building occupants are also considered to some extent, but actual metabolic health aspects are not generally covered...
December 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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