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Health And Lifestyle

Ruth Martis, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd, Jane Alsweiler, Michelle R Downie, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: Successful treatments for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have the potential to improve health outcomes for women with GDM and their babies. OBJECTIVES: To provide a comprehensive synthesis of evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews of the benefits and harms associated with interventions for treating GDM on women and their babies. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (5 January 2018) for reviews of treatment/management for women with GDM...
August 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Man Zhang, Jianqian Chao, Dan Li, Jiayi Gu, Wenji Chen, Hui Xu, Mubashir Hussain, Wenjuan Wu, Lin Deng, Tingting He, Ruizhi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of the older-centered Integrated Health Management Model Project (OPCHMP) for multiple lifestyle behaviours in the elderly. METHODS: A 2-arm, parallel, randomized controlled trial was conducted in Nanjing. The elderly were recruited from multiple community health service centres. The intervention group was intervened and received a personalized, 2-year OPCHMP. The control group only received usual care. Adherence to healthy lifestyle behaviours (ATHLBS) is the primary outcome, obtained through a self-reported composite health behaviour score...
July 20, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Eun-Ji Seo, Jeong-Ah Ahn, Laura L Hayman, Chun-Ja Kim
PURPOSE: This study examined whether depressive symptoms and health-promoting lifestyle behaviors mediate the association between perceived stress and quality of life (QoL) in university students. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey, Korean university students (N = 187, M age = 23.97 years; 54.0% female) completed structured questionnaires with psychometric adequacy. A parallel multiple mediation model was used to test the mediating effect of depressive symptoms and health-promoting lifestyle behaviors on the relationship between perceived stress and QoL...
August 10, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
Timothy W Churchill, Supriya Krishnan, Marc Weisskopf, Brandon Yates, Frank E Speizer, Jonathan H Kim, Lee E Nadler, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Ross Zafonte, Aaron L Baggish
BACKGROUND: Professional American-style football players are among the largest athletes across contemporary sporting disciplines, and weight gain during the years of football participation is common. At present, the health implications of this early-life weight gain remain incompletely understood. We sought to define weight trajectories of former professional American-style football athletes and to establish their relationship with 5 health afflictions common in this population (cardiovascular disease, cardiometabolic disease, neurocognitive impairment, sleep apnea, and chronic pain)...
August 10, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Miodrag Stojanović, Goran Cvetanović, Marija Anđelković-Apostolović, Dijana Stojanović, Nataša Rančić
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been one of the leading chronic diseases worldwide over past decades. The objective of the study was to identify predictors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in diabetic patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted at the General Hospital of the city of Leskovac, between June and November 2015. The Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire, EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) and EuroQol-VAS (EQ-VAS) questionnaires were used...
June 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
K Woods-Townsend, H Leat, J Bay, L Bagust, H Davey, D Lovelock, A Christodoulou, J Griffiths, M Grace, K Godfrey, M Hanson, H Inskip
Adolescence is a critical time point in the lifecourse. LifeLab is an educational intervention engaging adolescents in understanding Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) concepts and the impact of the early life environment on future health, benefitting both their long-term health and that of the next generation. We aimed to assess whether engaging adolescents with DOHaD concepts improves scientific literacy and whether engagement alone improves health behaviours.Six schools were randomized, three to intervention and three to control...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Adam B Evans, Anne Nistrup, Gertrud Pfister
Studies of governance rarely examine how specific institutional configurations are designed to target specific 'problem' groups, including older adults via 'active ageing' policies. In Denmark, active ageing policy has been contoured by the Structural Reform of 2007, which drove changes in institutional landscapes at both national and local levels. Rather than representing a 'hollowing out' of control from the centre, the Danish Structural Reform comprised a decentralised re-territorialisation of welfare provision, giving the state additional fiscal powers whilst placing additional responsibility for welfare delivery at the municipal level...
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
James J Annesi
OBJECTIVES: Self-regulation is thought to play a role in overcoming barriers to weight management behaviour changes. This research assessed the extent that relationship is manifested through associated changes in self-efficacy, and effects based on degree of obesity. DESIGN: Data sets from three previous studies of the present research group were utilized. After assessment of change scores using repeated-measures ANOVA, mediation and moderation analyses assessed effects of changes in self-regulatory skill usage on changes in physical activity and fruit/vegetable intake through self-efficacy changes...
August 11, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
J Parsons, K Sparrow, K Ismail, K Hunt, H Rogers, A Forbes
AIM: To inform targeted interventions for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by exploring the factors that influence their health behaviours and their preferences for lifestyle support. METHODS: Participants were women with previous GDM taken from a diverse inner-city UK population. Data collection involved focus groups (n = 35 women in six groups) and semi-structured interviews (n = 15 women). The transcribed data were analysed using framework analysis...
August 11, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Wenjie Zhang, Hongdao Meng, Shujuan Yang, Honglin Luo, Danping Liu
The rapid urbanization in China has brought with it some health benefits, but it also brought about a negative influence on the lifestyle of residents. We conducted this study to assess the change in hypertension-related knowledge and behavior from 2013 to 2016 among recently urbanized residents and determine their association with socioeconomic status (SES). This research used data from two cross-sectional studies conducted in Hezuo community in Chengdu, Sichuan province of China. A total of 2268 and 2601 individuals, respectively, participated and completed standard questionnaires...
August 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Felicia Marie Knaul, Hector Arreola-Ornelas, Natalia M Rodriguez, Oscar Méndez-Carniado, Xiaoxiao Jiang Kwete, Esteban Puentes-Rosas, Afsan Bhadelia
Purpose The incidence of infection-associated cancers and lethality of cancers amenable to treatment are closely correlated with the income of countries. We analyzed a core part of this global cancer divide-the distribution of premature mortality across country income groups and cancers-applying novel approaches to measure avoidable mortality and identify priorities for public policy. Methods We analyzed avoidable cancer mortality using set lower- and upper-bound age limits of 65 and 75 years (empirical approach), applying cancer-specific and country income group-specific ages of death (feasibility approach), and applying cancer-specific ages of death of high-income countries to all low- and middle-income countries (LMICs; social justice approach)...
July 2018: Journal of Global Oncology
Yannis P Pitsiladis, Catherine Carty, Ivo Ferriani, Sarah Lewis, Matteo Vitello, Charmaine Crooks, John Liljelund, Tegla Loroupe, David Eades, Margo Mountjoy, Fabio Pigozzi
SportAccord organized the inaugural HealthAccord conference on April 19, 2018, in Bangkok, Thailand. The goal of HealthAccord is for the International Sport Federations (IF) and sport industry leaders to address high-priority issues facing sport through a serious commitment to innovation to protect athlete health, to enhance athlete performance, and to stimulate action to improve global health through the promotion of physical activity. The first HeathAccord conference was organized by drawing on the knowledge and experience of experts from global health programs focused on athletes and global citizens, respectively...
August 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Ling Wang, Kenneth Rosenman
INTRODUCTION: We used data from the Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (MIBRFSS) to estimate the prevalence of adverse health outcomes by industry and occupation and to examine the association of adverse health outcomes with industry and occupation while controlling for demographics and personal lifestyle behaviors. METHODS: We calculated the prevalence of adverse health outcomes by industry by using data from the 2013-2015 MIBRFSS. Adjusted prevalence of adverse health outcomes was calculated by industry and occupation by using logistic regression for survey design, adjusting for demographics and health behaviors, and was compared with the overall prevalence in all industries and occupations...
August 9, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
M Pahor, S B Kritchevsky, D L Waters, D T Villareal, J Morley, J M Hare, B Vellas
To reduce disability and dependence in older adults, frailty may represent an appropriate target for intervention. While preventing frailty through lifestyle interventions may be the optimal public health approach for many population groups, pharmacological approaches will likely be needed for individuals who meet frailty criteria or who have comorbid conditions that contribute to and complicate the frailty syndrome, and for those who are not compliant with lifestyle interventions. Barriers to successful development of drug treatments for frailty include variability in how the frailty syndrome is defined, lack of agreement on the best diagnostic tools and outcome measures, and the paucity of sensitive, reliable, and validated biomarkers...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
A Beaumont, A Campbell, F Grace, N Sculthorpe
INTRODUCTION: Ageing is associated with a progressive decline in cardiac and vascular health, resulting in an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Lifestyle factors such as exercise have emerged as a primary therapeutic target in the prevention of CVD, yet older individuals are frequently reported as being the least active, with 1 in four adults failing to meet the physical activity guidelines. In contrast, well trained older individuals (Masters athletes) have superior functional capacity than their sedentary peers and are often comparable with young non-athletes...
August 10, 2018: Current Cardiology Reviews
Igor Grabovac, Sandra Haider, Eva Winzer, Ali Kapan, Karin E Schindler, Christian Lackinger, Thomas E Dorner
OBJECTIVE: To measure health effects in lay volunteers who made home visits consisting of social interaction, nutritional and physical exercise interventions to pre-frail and frail older people (trial registration, NCT01991639). METHODS: After baseline, participants were followed-up at 12 (V1) and 24 (V2) weeks. A one-repetition maximum (1-RPM) and handgrip were measured with the Concept2®DYNO and a dynamometer. The Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly was used to assess physical activity, and Food Frequency Questionnaire and the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener for nutrition...
August 9, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Antonio Videira-Silva, Luís Sardinha, Helena Fonseca
Background: Adolescent overweight is a major public health concern, as it is associated with several short-run and long-run adverse health outcomes. Inappropriate health behaviours may be at the front of this epidemic. There is widespread need for new strategies that may positively influence dietary and physical activity behaviours. This trial (NCT02941770) was designed to investigate the impact of a physical activity consultation, based on motivational interview technique, on physical activity behaviour and weight status among overweight adolescents followed at a tertiary paediatric care centre...
2018: BMJ Paediatrics Open
Jesse J Plascak, Bernadette Hohl, Wendy E Barrington, Shirley Aa Beresford
Social environmental factors are theoretically identified as influential drivers of health behaviors - tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity - related to chronic disease disparities. Empirical studies investigating relationships involving social environmental factors have found that either greater interpersonal racial-ethnic discrimination or perceived neighborhood disorder were associated with adverse health behaviors, with potentially larger effects among women. We simultaneously tested whether measures of perceived racial-ethnic discrimination and perceived neighborhood disorder were associated with physical activity, alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking; lifestyle risk factors of major chronic disease among women...
August 2018: SSM—Population Health
Shai S Klaitman, Evgeny Solomonov, Amir Yaloz, Seema Biswas
Background: Adolescent injuries and fatalities constitute a world health concern and present a major public health burden. Of all childhood injuries in Israel 61.8% occur during road traffic crashes. The risk of being injured or killed in a road traffic crash is especially high among individuals deemed to have a low socio-economic status, but, there also exist crucial risk factors for road traffic crashes that are intrinsic social determinants of health, including behavior, lifestyle, education and employment...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Cristy Phillips, Atoossa Fahimi
Physical activity-a lifestyle factor that is associated with immune function, neuroprotection, and energy metabolism-modulates the cellular and molecular processes in the brain that are vital for emotional and cognitive health, collective mechanisms that can go awry in depression. Physical activity optimizes the stress response, neurotransmitter level and function (e.g., serotonergic, noradrenergic, dopaminergic, and glutamatergic), myokine production (e.g., interleukin-6), transcription factor levels and correlates [e...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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