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Health And Lifestyle

Denny Meyer, Madawa W Jayawardana, Samuel D Muir, David Yen-Teh Ho, Olivia Sackett
BACKGROUND: Workplace programs designed to improve the health and psychological well-being of employees are becoming increasingly popular. However, there are mixed reports regarding the effectiveness of such programs and little analysis of what helps people to engage with such programs. OBJECTIVE: This evaluation of a particularly broad, team-based, digital health and well-being program uses mixed methods to identify the elements of the program that reduce work stress and promote psychological well-being, sleep quality, and productivity of employees...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Zuzana Špacírová, David Epstein, Leticia García-Mochón, Virginia A Aparicio, Milkana Borges-Cosic, M Puerto López Del Amo, José J Martín-Martín
OBJECTIVE: Adequate physical activity levels and a healthy lifestyle may prevent all kinds of non-communicable diseases, promote well-being and reduce health-care costs among perimenopausal women. This study assessed an exercise programme for perimenopausal women. METHOD: A total of 150 women (aged 45-64 years) not engaged in regular physical activity were randomly assigned to either a 16 week exercise intervention or to the control group. The study was conducted from the perspective of the National Health System...
October 16, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
Stephen T Higgins
This Special Issue of Preventive Medicine (PM) is the 5th in a series on behavior change, health, and health disparities. Unhealthy behavior patterns (i.e., lifestyle choices) including cigarette smoking and other substance abuse, physical inactivity, unhealthy food choices, and non-adherence with recommended medical regimens, undermine U.S. population health by increasing risk for chronic disease and premature death. This Special Issue brings together scholarly contributions from the emerging area of tobacco regulatory science to examine current topics of critical importance to reducing the burden of cigarette smoking on U...
December 2018: Preventive Medicine
Filippo Bianchi, Claudia Dorsel, Emma Garnett, Paul Aveyard, Susan A Jebb
BACKGROUND: Reducing meat consumption can help prevent non-communicable diseases and protect the environment. Interventions targeting conscious determinants of human behaviour are generally acceptable approaches to promote dietary change, but little is known about their effectiveness to reduce the demand for meat. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions targeting conscious determinants of human behaviour to reduce the demand for meat. METHODS: We searched six electronic databases on the 31st of August 2017 with a predefined algorithm, screened publicly accessible resources, contacted authors, and conducted forward and backward reference searches...
October 19, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Jian Zhang, Shengjie Tan, Ai Zhao, Meichen Wang, Peiyu Wang, Yumei Zhang
AIM: To investigate the association between patterns of nutrient intake and serum lipids in Chinese women aged 18-80 years. METHODS: In the present study, cross-sectional data were analysed from 2886 female participants aged 18-80 years from the China Health and Nutrition Survey wave 2009. Nutrient patterns were identified using factor analysis combined with cluster analysis based on the data of nutrient intake for three consecutive days. Multivariate linear regression models were used to estimate the association of nutrient patterns with serum lipids...
October 19, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
Dorothy Keine, John Q Walker, Brian K Kennedy, Marwan N Sabbagh
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative condition in which individuals exhibit memory loss, dementia, and impaired metabolism. Nearly all previous single-treatment studies to treat AD have failed, likely because it is a complex disease with multiple underlying drivers contributing to risk, onset, and progression. Here, we explored the efficacy of a multi-therapy approach based on the disease risk factor status specific to individuals with AD diagnosis or concern...
October 18, 2018: Current Aging Science
Todd M Manini, Thomas W Buford, John A Kairalla, Mary M McDermott, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, Roger A Fielding, Fang-Chi Hsu, Neil Johannsen, Stephen Kritchevsky, Tamara B Harris, Anne B Newman, Steven R Cummings, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Adam J Santanasto, Gregory J Tranah
Declines in walking speed are associated with a variety of poor health outcomes including disability, comorbidity, and mortality. While genetic factors are putative contributors to variability in walking, few genetic loci have been identified for this trait. We examined the role of mitochondrial genomic variation on walking speed by sequencing the entire mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Data were meta-analyzed from 1758 Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study and replication data from 730 Health, Aging, and Body Composition (HABC) Study participants with baseline walking speed information...
October 18, 2018: GeroScience
Rina Amelia
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a type of chronic disease with exceptional medical care for a patient's lifetime, which ultimately requires lifestyle and behavioural adjustments to prevent complications to death. Patients with good self-care behaviour will cause diabetes to be controlled to avoid complications to death and make patients have a better quality of life. AIM: This study aims (1) to determine the model of self-care behaviour in Type 2 diabetes patients in Binjai City (2) to analyse the effect of self-care behaviour on quality of life, metabolic control and lipid control of Type 2 diabetes patients in Binjai City...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Gülden Aynaci, Ozlem Akdemir
BACKGROUND: Identifying and controlling systemic arterial blood pressure is important in young people, and it is possible to reduce the frequency of systemic arterial hypertension by improving the lifestyle. AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the relationship between healthy lifestyle behaviors and systemic blood pressure in university students. MATERIALS: The study sample consisted of 200 university students from a state university in Edirne...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Seung-Ho So, Jong Won Lee, Young-Sook Kim, Sun Hee Hyun, Chang-Kyun Han
Ginseng has been traditionally used for several millennia in Asian countries, including Korea, China, and Japan, not only as a nourishing and tonifying agent but also as a therapeutic agent for a variety of diseases. In recent years, the various effects of red ginseng including immunity improvement, fatigue relief, memory improvement, blood circulation improvement, antioxidation, mitigation of menopausal women's symptoms, and anticancer an effect have been reported in clinical as well as basic research. Around the world, there is a trend of the rising consumption of health functional foods on the level of disease prevention along with increased interest in maintaining health because of population aging and the awareness of lifestyle diseases and chronic diseases...
October 2018: Journal of Ginseng Research
Eleanor Quested, Dominika Kwasnicka, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Daniel F Gucciardi, Deborah A Kerr, Kate Hunt, Suzanne Robinson, Philip J Morgan, Robert U Newton, Cindy Gray, Sally Wyke, Joanne McVeigh, Eva Malacova, Nikos Ntoumanis
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent among Australian men. Professional sports settings can act as a powerful 'hook' to engage men in weight loss programmes; the Football Fans in Training programme delivered in professional UK soccer clubs was successful and cost-effective in helping men lose weight. The Australian Football League (AFL) is a potentially attractive setting to engage men in a weight loss programme. We aim to develop, pilot and evaluate the feasibility of a weight loss intervention for overweight/obese middle-aged men, delivered in AFL settings, to promote weight loss and healthier lifestyles and determine its suitability for a future randomised control trial...
October 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Matilde Rubio-Almanza, Rosa Cámara-Gómez, Juan Francisco Merino-Torres
The prevalence of obesity has increased worldwide over the past decades. Obesity is associated with multiple comorbidities, such as type 2 diabetes, that generates a great impact on health and economy. Weight loss in these patients leads to glycemic control so it is a target to achieve. Lifestyle changes are not effective enough and recently other treatments have been developed such as bariatric/metabolic surgery, as well as drugs for type 2 diabetes and antiobesity drugs. The aim of this review is to compare the results in weight reduction and glycemic control of the different kinds of drugs with bariatric / metabolic surgery's results in type 2 diabetes...
October 15, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
Claire Stevens, Samuel G Smith, Charlotte Vrinten, Jo Waller, Rebecca J Beeken
Objectives Population-based cancer screening has been described as a teachable moment for behaviour change. This research examined the effect of faecal occult blood testing (FOBT) participation on smoking, alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity. Setting Data were from screening-naïve men within the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, receiving their first FOBT invitation (n = 774). Four waves of data were included in analyses (wave 4, 2008/2009 - wave 7, 2014/2015)...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Screening
Evert-Ben van Veen
Insights into the incidence and survival of cancer, the influence of lifestyle and environmental factors and the interaction of treatment regimens with outcomes are hugely dependent on observational research, patient data derived from the healthcare system and from volunteers participating in cohort studies, often non-selective. Since 25th May 2018, the European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) applies to such data. The GDPR focusses on more individual control for data subjects of 'their' data. Yet, the GDPR was preceded by a long debate...
October 15, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Helen Frost, Pauline Campbell, Margaret Maxwell, Ronan E O'Carroll, Stephan U Dombrowski, Brian Williams, Helen Cheyne, Emma Coles, Alex Pollock
BACKGROUND: The challenge of addressing unhealthy lifestyle choice is of global concern. Motivational Interviewing has been widely implemented to help people change their behaviour, but it is unclear for whom it is most beneficial. This overview aims to appraise and synthesise the review evidence for the effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing on health behaviour of adults in health and social care settings. METHODS: A systematic review of reviews. Methods were pre-specified and documented in a protocol (PROSPERO-CRD42016049278)...
2018: PloS One
Zobair M Younossi, Giulio Marchesini, Helena Pinto-Cortez, Salvatore Petta
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects 25% of the global adult population with a range of 13.5% in Africa and 31.8% in the Middle East. NAFLD is closely associated with a constellation of metabolic comorbidities which include: obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hypertension, and hypercholesteremia. In fact, the increasing number of metabolic comorbidities not only increase the prevalence of NAFLD but also places patients at higher risk for progressive liver disease. As such, NAFLD is presently among the top etiologies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and an indication for liver transplantation...
October 17, 2018: Transplantation
Eileen T Bosso, Meredith E Fulmer, Ruth Petersen
For most infants, there is no better source of nutrition than breast milk. Breastfeeding is more than a lifestyle choice; it is an investment in the health of mothers and babies. Over the past 10 years, efforts from multiple sectors have contributed to significant increases in breastfeeding initiation and duration. This report summarizes progress, initiatives that contributed to this success, and areas where more work is needed.
October 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Rhoda K Moise, Alan Meca, Seth J Schwartz, Jennifer B Unger, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Miguel Ángel Cano, José Szapocznik, Brandy Piña-Watson, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Daniel W Soto, Monica Pattarroyo, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi
OBJECTIVES: This study explored whether cultural identity predicts health lifestyle behaviors. METHOD: Participants included 302 recently immigrated (<5 years in the U.S.) Latinx adolescents (53% boys; mean age 14.51 years at baseline) from Miami and Los Angeles. Participants completed cultural identity measures at baseline and 1-year post baseline. A path analysis was used to estimate associations between cultural identities (ethnic, national, and bicultural) and health lifestyle behaviors (physical activity, diet, and sleep hygiene)...
October 18, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Atsushi Takahashi, Tetsuya Ohira, Kanako Okazaki, Seiji Yasumura, Akira Sakai, Masaharu Maeda, Hirooki Yabe, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Akira Ohtsuru, Yukihiko Kawasaki, Hitoshi Suzuki, Michio Shimabukuro, Yoshihiro Sugiura, Hiroaki Shishido, Yoshimitsu Hayashi, Hironori Nakano, Gen Kobashi, Kenji Kamiya, Hiromasa Ohira
Dramatic lifestyle changes due to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident increased the prevalence of hepatobiliary enzyme abnormalities (HEA). We aimed to evaluate associations of HEA with specific lifestyle- and disaster-related factors in residents who lived near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.This cross-sectional study included 22,246 residents who underwent a Comprehensive Health Check and the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 to March 2012. Residents were divided into 2 groups based on residential area and housing status after the accident...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shraddha Sapkota, Tao Huan, Tran Tran, Jiamin Zheng, Richard Camicioli, Liang Li, Roger A Dixon
Background : Among the neurodegenerative diseases of aging, sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent and perhaps the most feared. With virtually no success at finding pharmaceutical therapeutics for altering progressive AD after diagnosis, research attention is increasingly directed at discovering biological and other markers that detect AD risk in the long asymptomatic phase. Both early detection and precision preclinical intervention require systematic investigation of multiple modalities and combinations of AD-related biomarkers and risk factors...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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