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Plant based diets benefits.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280661/nutraceutical-based-integrative-medicine-adopting-a-mediterranean-diet-pyramid-for-attaining-healthy-ageing-in-veterans-with-disabilities
#1
Mario Ciccotti, Anna Raguzzini, Tommaso Sciarra, Giovina Catasta, Paola Aiello, Cosimo Buccolieri, Raffaella Reggi, Maura Palmery, Florigio Lista, Ilaria Peluso
Veterans with disability represent a big burden worldwide and often require long-term rehabilitation. Unhealthy dietary and lifestyle habits, including smoke and alcohol abuse, are common in veterans. In the context of integrative medicine approaches, the "complementary and alternative medicine" has been suggested for the management of chronic diseases. However, the potential risk of interaction between herbal products, dietary supplements and drugs must be considered in veterans. The Mediterranean diet has been suggested as a natural, non-pharmacological nutraceutical for healthy ageing...
October 3, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30278429/effect-of-alpha-linolenic-acid-in-combination-with-the-flavonol-quercetin-on-markers-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-healthy-non-obese-adults-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#2
Constanze Burak, Siegfried Wolffram, Berndt Zur, Peter Langguth, Rolf Fimmers, Birgit Alteheld, Peter Stehle, Sarah Egert
OBJECTIVES: Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and quercetin are characteristic compounds in plant-based diets. Cardioprotective effects have been described for both substances, although a possible benefit of combining ALA and quercetin has not, to our knowledge, been evaluated yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential independent and additive effects of ALA and quercetin on blood pressure (BP) and lipid and glucose metabolism, as well as on biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress, and antioxidant status in healthy, non-obese men and women...
July 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30278053/cost-effectiveness-of-financial-incentives-and-disincentives-for-improving-food-purchases-and-health-through-the-us-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-a-microsimulation-study
#3
Dariush Mozaffarian, Junxiu Liu, Stephen Sy, Yue Huang, Colin Rehm, Yujin Lee, Parke Wilde, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, Thiago de Souza Veiga Jardim, Tom Gaziano, Renata Micha
BACKGROUND: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides approximately US$70 billion annually to support food purchases by low-income households, supporting approximately 1 in 7 Americans. In the 2018 Farm Bill, potential SNAP revisions to improve diets and health could include financial incentives, disincentives, or restrictions for certain foods. However, the overall and comparative impacts on health outcomes and costs are not established. We aimed to estimate the health impact, program and healthcare costs, and cost-effectiveness of food incentives, disincentives, or restrictions in SNAP...
October 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30275294/-diplogastrellus-nematodes-are-sexually-transmitted-mutualists-that-alter-the-bacterial-and-fungal-communities-of-their-beetle-host
#4
Cristina C Ledón-Rettig, Armin P Moczek, Erik J Ragsdale
A recent accumulation of studies has demonstrated that nongenetic, maternally transmitted factors are often critical to the health and development of offspring and can therefore play a role in ecological and evolutionary processes. In particular, microorganisms such as bacteria have been championed as heritable, symbiotic partners capable of conferring fitness benefits to their hosts. At the same time, parents may also pass various nonmicrobial organisms to their offspring, yet the roles of such organisms in shaping the developmental environment of their hosts remain largely unexplored...
October 1, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247964/an-integrative-approach-to-prostate-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Donald I Abrams
OBJECTIVES: The mostly indolent natural history and long overall survival associated with a diagnosis of prostate cancer provides a unique opportunity for men to explore diet and lifestyle interventions to alter the trajectory of their disease. As many patients may be appropriate for postponing conventional therapy, the effects of various integrative interventions can be investigated. In addition, treatment of prostate cancer with surgery, radiation, or androgen deprivation therapy, all may produce physical or psychological side effects that could be amenable to complementary therapies...
September 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247957/advising-women-undergoing-treatment-for-breast-cancer-a-narrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Dawn Lemanne, Victoria Maizes
A majority of women undergoing conventional treatment for breast cancer also undertake complementary and integrative approaches. Practitioners knowledgeable about the evidence base behind common integrative approaches can help patients attain improved quality of life, and at times, improved survival. Evidence-based recommendations include the following: a plant-based diet for general health after diagnosis, and carbohydrate restriction for patients with estrogen receptor-positive postmenopausal breast cancer may be prudent...
September 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215930/diets-for-health-goals-and-guidelines
#7
Amy Locke, Jill Schneiderhan, Suzanna M Zick
Diet is the single most significant risk factor for disability and premature death. Patients and physicians often have difficulty staying abreast of diet trends, many of which focus primarily on weight loss rather than nutrition and health. Recommending an eating style can help patients make positive change. Dietary patterns that support health include the Mediterranean diet, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet, the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, and the Healthy Eating Plate. These approaches have benefits that include prevention of cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and obesity...
June 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30120064/intestinal-bitter-taste-receptor-activation-alters-hormone-secretion-and-imparts-metabolic-benefits
#8
Bernard P Kok, Andrea Galmozzi, Nicole K Littlejohn, Verena Albert, Cristina Godio, Woojoo Kim, Sean M Kim, Jeffrey S Bland, Neile Grayson, Mingliang Fang, Wolfgang Meyerhof, Gary Siuzdak, Supriya Srinivasan, Maik Behrens, Enrique Saez
OBJECTIVES: Extracts of the hops plant have been shown to reduce weight and insulin resistance in rodents and humans, but elucidation of the mechanisms responsible for these benefits has been hindered by the use of heterogeneous hops-derived mixtures. Because hop extracts are used as flavoring agents for their bitter properties, we hypothesized that bitter taste receptors (Tas2rs) could be mediating their beneficial effects in metabolic disease. Studies have shown that exposure of cultured enteroendocrine cells to bitter tastants can stimulate release of hormones, including glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1)...
August 4, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114491/transitions-on-the-shopping-floor-investigating-the-role-of-canadian-supermarkets-in-alternative-protein-consumption
#9
Evan Gravely, Evan Fraser
A transition to a more sustainable diet likely requires substituting proteins of animal origin with alternatives like plant-based foods. Yet consumers are not regularly consuming alternative protein products, and one potential explanation is that the dominant food retail infrastructure is not oriented in favour of these foods. This study provides an in-depth exploration of the role of supermarkets in plant-based protein consumption in a Canadian food retail setting. A mixed-methods approach involving seven supermarket audits, 24 consumer interviews, and five key informant interviews was used to explore the in-store context for plant-based protein purchasing as well as the forms of "fits" and "misfits" between the supermarket's strategies for retailing plant-based protein and consumer strategies when shopping for these products...
November 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082049/linking-sustainability-to-the-healthy-eating-patterns-of-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-a-modelling-study
#10
Nicole Tichenor Blackstone, Naglaa H El-Abbadi, Margaret S McCabe, Timothy S Griffin, Miriam E Nelson
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based nutrition policy is a key mechanism to promote planetary health. In the USA, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans are the foundation of nutrition policy and guide more than US$80 billion in federal spending. Recent attempts have been made to incorporate sustainability into the development of the Dietary Guidelines. However, the sustainability of the 2015-20 Dietary Guidelines remains unclear; research has not yet assessed the environmental impacts of the distinct healthy patterns recommended by the policy...
August 2018: The Lancet. Planetary health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055253/the-genus-ficus-moraceae-used-in-diet-its-plant-diversity-distribution-traditional-uses-and-ethnopharmacological-importance
#11
REVIEW
Yinxian Shi, Aye Mya Mon, Yao Fu, Yu Zhang, Chen Wang, Xuefei Yang, Yuhua Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: A new field of enthnopharmacology has opened, where pharmacological studies draw their attention from the conventional only-medicine approach towards the dietary dimension. The uses of Ficus species in the human diet have been extensively documented by ethnobotanical field surveyors. Overlap commonly exist between the dietary and medicinal selection of Ficus species but not for choices of the plant parts and development stages, which leave a large space for ethnopharmacological study...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039875/comparative-aspects-of-plant-tannins-on-digestive-physiology-nutrition-and-microbial-community-changes-in-sheep-and-goats-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Byeng Ryel Min, Sandra Solaiman
Comparative aspects of plant tannins on digestive physiology, nutrition and microbial community in sheep and goats are discussed in the context of differences due to feed intake, digestibility, utilization of nutrients and microbial community. The purpose of this review was to present an overview of the potential benefits of tannin-containing diets for sheep and goats and specie differences in their response to tannins. It is well established that moderate level of tannins in the diet (3%-4% tannins DM) can precipitate with soluble proteins and increase protein supply to the sheep, but comparative aspects of tannin-containing diets in sheep and goats on animal performance, digestive physiology, rumen microbial changes and potential benefits to sustainable animal production by those compounds have received little attention...
October 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30037596/ferulic-acid-may-target-myd88-mediated-pro-inflammatory-signaling-implications-for-the-health-protection-afforded-by-whole-grains-anthocyanins-and-coffee
#13
Mark F McCarty, Simon B Iloki Assanga
Higher dietary intakes of anthocyanins have been linked epidemiologically to decreased risk for metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular events; clinical trials and rodent studies evaluating ingestion of anthocyanin-rich extracts confirm favorable effects of these agents on endothelial function and metabolic syndrome. However, these benefits of anthocyanins are lost in rats whose gut microbiome has been eliminated with antibiotic treatment - pointing to bacterial metabolites of anthocyanins as the likely protective agents...
September 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019766/omega-3-fatty-acids-for-the-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#14
REVIEW
Asmaa S Abdelhamid, Tracey J Brown, Julii S Brainard, Priti Biswas, Gabrielle C Thorpe, Helen J Moore, Katherine Ho Deane, Fai K AlAbdulghafoor, Carolyn D Summerbell, Helen V Worthington, Fujian Song, Lee Hooper
BACKGROUND: Researchers have suggested that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from oily fish (long-chain omega-3 (LCn3), including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)), as well as from plants (alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)) benefit cardiovascular health. Guidelines recommend increasing omega-3-rich foods, and sometimes supplementation, but recent trials have not confirmed this. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of increased intake of fish- and plant-based omega-3 for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular (CVD) events, adiposity and lipids...
July 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984642/sitosterolemia-diagnosis-metabolic-and-hematological-abnormalities-cardiovascular-disease-and-management
#15
Jose Maria Bastida, Maria Luisa Giros, Rocio Benito, Kamila Janusz, Jesus Maria Hernandez-Rivas, Jose Ramon Gonzalez-Porras
Sitosterolemia is a recessive inherited metabolic disorder of unknown prevalence, characterized by increased levels of plasma plant sterols. It is caused by 28 and 31 variants in ABCG5 and ABCG8 genes, respectively, and is characterized by a predisposition to hyperabsorption and accumulation of toxic levels of plant sterols in plasma. Its clinical picture is extremely heterogeneous. The main clinical features are tendinous and cutaneous xanthomas, arthritis or arthralgia, premature cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis...
July 5, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963555/global-provisioning-of-red-meat-for-flexitarian-diets
#16
REVIEW
Talia M Hicks, Scott O Knowles, Mustafa M Farouk
Although not always labeled as such, flexitarianism is the default lifestyle for much of the world, whereby meals based on plant materials provide the bulk of people's calories. The rich nutrition of meat and animal products is often the lynchpin of these diets, even when only consumed occasionally. It provides forms and concentrations of essential proteins, lipids, and micronutrients that are otherwise scarce. However, the production of this meat is resource intensive. It requires large quantities of arable land and water, and typically has lower conversion efficiency of farm inputs to edible outputs compared with crops, poultry, aquaculture, dairy, and eggs...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910998/plant-based-diets-reducing-cardiovascular-risk-by-improving-sleep-quality
#17
Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Allison Crawford, Brooke Aggarwal
Purpose of review: The goal of this review is to evaluate recent research related to the effects of plant-based diets on sleep patterns. We discuss plausible mechanisms for the link between plant-based diets and sleep, and provide suggestions for future research in this area. Recent findings: Short sleep duration and poor sleep quality have been shown to negatively affect individual dietary habits, through enhanced appetite, increased overall caloric intake, as well as lower diet quality...
March 2018: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868098/dynamic-modeling-of-silicon-bioavailability-uptake-transport-and-accumulation-applicability-in-improving-the-nutritional-quality-of-tomato
#18
Mari C López-Pérez, Fabián Pérez-Labrada, Lino J Ramírez-Pérez, Antonio Juárez-Maldonado, América B Morales-Díaz, Susana González-Morales, Luis R García-Dávila, Jesús García-Mata, Adalberto Benavides-Mendoza
Silicon is an essential nutrient for humans, additionally is beneficial for terrestrial plants. In plants Si enhances tolerance to different types of stress; in humans, it improves the metabolism and increases the strength of skeletal and connective tissues as well as of the immune system. Most of the Si intake of humans come from edible plants creating a double benefit: first, because the absorption of Si increases the antioxidants and other phytochemicals in plants, thereby increasing its functional value, and second because the higher concentration of Si in plants increases intake in human consumers...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800598/vegetarian-dietary-patterns-and-cardiovascular-disease
#19
REVIEW
Hana Kahleova, Susan Levin, Neal D Barnard
Cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) is the leading global cause of mortality, being responsible for 46% of non-communicable disease deaths. It has been estimated that about 85.6 million Americans are living with some form of CVD, which continues to rise. Healthy lifestyle choices may reduce the risk of myocardial infarction by >80%, with nutrition playing a key role. Vegetarian dietary patterns reduce CVD mortality and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) by 40%. Plant-based diets are the only dietary pattern to have shown reversal of CHD...
May 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752697/biofortification-of-safflower-an-oil-seed-crop-engineered-for-ala-targeting-better-sustainability-and-plant-based-omega-3-fatty-acids
#20
Arti Rani, Asha Panwar, Manjary Sathe, Karunakara Alageri Chandrashekhara, Anil Kush
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency and a skewed n6:n3 fatty acid ratio in the diet is a major explanation for the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. There is mounting evidence of the health benefits associated with omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA's). Although present in abundance in fish, a number of factors limit our consumption of fish based omega-3 PUFA's. To name a few, overexploitation of wild fish stocks has reduced their sustainability due to increased demand of aquaculture for fish oil and meal; the pollution of marine food webs has raised concerns over the ingestion of toxic substances such as heavy metals and dioxins; vegetarians do not consider fish-based sources for supplemental nutrition...
May 11, 2018: Transgenic Research
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