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Plant based diets benefits.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521670/omega-3-fatty-acids-for-the-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#1
REVIEW
Asmaa S Abdelhamid, Tracey J Brown, Julii S Brainard, Priti Biswas, Gabrielle C Thorpe, Helen J Moore, Katherine Ho Deane, Fai K AlAbdulghafoor, Carolyn D Summerbell, Helen V Worthington, Fujian Song, Lee Hooper
BACKGROUND: Researchers have suggested that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from oily fish (long-chain omega-3 (LCn3), including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)), as well as from plants (alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)) benefit cardiovascular health. Guidelines recommend increasing omega-3-rich foods, and sometimes supplementation, but recent trials have not confirmed this. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of increased intake of fish- and plant-based omega-3 for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular (CVD) events, adiposity and lipids...
November 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513704/plant-based-diets-considerations-for-environmental-impact-protein-quality-and-exercise-performance
#2
REVIEW
Heidi Lynch, Carol Johnston, Christopher Wharton
Plant-based diets provide well-established physical and environmental health benefits. These benefits stem in part from the degree of restriction of animal-derived foods. Historically, meat and other animal-derived proteins have been viewed as an integral component of athletes' diets, leading some to question the adequacy of vegetarian or vegan diets for supporting athletic performance. The purpose of this review is to examine the impact of plant-based diets on human physical health, environmental sustainability, and exercise performance capacity...
December 1, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30501504/impact-of-plant-extracts-upon-human-health-a-review
#3
Mariana Veiga, Eduardo M Costa, Sara Silva, Manuela Pintado
With the increase in evidences directly linking diet and health, several foodstuffs, such as phenolic rich fruits and vegetables, have emerged as possessing potential health benefits. Plants, given their fiber and phenolic content (and their intrinsic biological potential), have long been considered as contributing to health promotion. Therefore, the present work aimed to review the existing evidences regarding the various potential benefits of plant extracts' and plant extract-based products' consumption, with emphasis on in vivo works and epidemiological studies whenever available...
December 3, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498786/oral-ingestion-of-cannabis-sativa-risks-benefits-and-effects-on-malaria-infected-hosts
#4
Olugbenga Akinola, Elizabeth O Ogbeche, Hidayah A Olumoh-Abdul, Abdulmusawwir O Alli-Oluwafuyi, Aboyeji L Oyewole, Abdulbasit Amin, Wahab Imam AbdulMajeed, Olayemi Joseph Olajide, Abdurrazaq B Nafiu, Anoka A Njan, Olufunke E Olorundare, Grace O Gbotosho
Background: The emergence of a multidrug-resistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum ( Pf Pailin ) raises concern about malaria control strategies. Unfortunately, the role(s) of natural plants/remedies in curtailing malaria catastrophe remains uncertain. The claims of potential antimalarial activity of Cannabis sativa in vivo have not been well established nor the consequences defined. This study was, therefore, designed to evaluate the effects of whole cannabis consumption on malaria-infected host. Methods: Thirty mice were inoculated with dose of 1×107 chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium berghei ANKA-infected erythrocyte and divided into six treatment groups...
2018: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30487971/effectiveness-of-plant-based-diets-in-promoting-well-being-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#5
Anastasios Toumpanakis, Triece Turnbull, Isaura Alba-Barba
Diet interventions have suggested an association between plant-based diets and improvements in psychological well-being, quality of life and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) control in populations with diabetes. The aims of this review are to systematically analyze the available literature on plant-based diet interventions targeting diabetes in adults and to clearly define the benefits on well-being of such interventions. This is a systematic review of controlled trials. A computerized systematic literature search was conducted in the following electronic databases: Allied and Complementary Medicine, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, E-Journals, Excerpta Medica Database, MEDLINE, Health Management Information Consortium, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, PubMed, SocINDEX and Web of Science...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30473685/characterisation-of-a-hydroxycinnamic-acid-esterase-from-the-bifidobacterium-longum-subsp-longum-taxon
#6
Sandra M Kelly, John O'Callaghan, Mike Kinsella, Douwe van Sinderen
Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum , a common member of the human gut microbiota with perceived positive health effects, is capable of metabolising certain complex, plant-derived carbohydrates which are commonly found in the (adult) human diet. These plant glycans may be employed to favourably modulate the microbial communities in the intestine. Hydroxycinnamic acids (HCAs) are plant phenolic compounds, which are attached to glycans, and which are associated with anti-oxidant and other beneficial properties...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30405108/a-plant-based-diet-in-overweight-individuals-in-a-16-week-randomized-clinical-trial-metabolic-benefits-of-plant-protein
#7
Hana Kahleova, Rebecca Fleeman, Adela Hlozkova, Richard Holubkov, Neal D Barnard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A plant-based diet is an effective strategy in the treatment of obesity. In this 16-week randomized clinical trial, we tested the effect of a plant-based diet on body composition and insulin resistance. As a part of this trial, we investigated the role of plant protein on these outcomes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Overweight participants (n = 75) were randomized to follow a plant-based (n = 38) or a control diet (n = 37). Dual X-ray Absorptiometry assessed body composition, Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA-IR) assessed insulin resistance, and a linear regression model was used to test the relationship between protein intake, body composition, and insulin resistance...
November 2, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280661/nutraceutical-based-integrative-medicine-adopting-a-mediterranean-diet-pyramid-for-attaining-healthy-ageing-in-veterans-with-disabilities
#8
Mario Ciccotti, Anna Raguzzini, Tommaso Sciarra, Giovina Catasta, Paola Aiello, Cosimo Buccolieri, Raffaella Reggi, Maura Palmery, Florigio Lista, Ilaria Peluso
Veterans with disability represent a big burden worldwide and often require long-term rehabilitation. Unhealthy dietary and lifestyle habits, including smoke and alcohol abuse, are common in veterans. In the context of integrative medicine approaches, the "complementary and alternative medicine" has been suggested for the management of chronic diseases. However, the potential risk of interaction between herbal products, dietary supplements and drugs must be considered in veterans. The Mediterranean diet has been suggested as a natural, non-pharmacological nutraceutical for healthy ageing...
October 3, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30278429/effect-of-alpha-linolenic-acid-in-combination-with-the-flavonol-quercetin-on-markers-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-healthy-non-obese-adults-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#9
Constanze Burak, Siegfried Wolffram, Berndt Zur, Peter Langguth, Rolf Fimmers, Birgit Alteheld, Peter Stehle, Sarah Egert
OBJECTIVES: Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and quercetin are characteristic compounds in plant-based diets. Cardioprotective effects have been described for both substances, although a possible benefit of combining ALA and quercetin has not, to our knowledge, been evaluated yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential independent and additive effects of ALA and quercetin on blood pressure (BP) and lipid and glucose metabolism, as well as on biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress, and antioxidant status in healthy, non-obese men and women...
July 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30278053/cost-effectiveness-of-financial-incentives-and-disincentives-for-improving-food-purchases-and-health-through-the-us-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-a-microsimulation-study
#10
Dariush Mozaffarian, Junxiu Liu, Stephen Sy, Yue Huang, Colin Rehm, Yujin Lee, Parke Wilde, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, Thiago de Souza Veiga Jardim, Tom Gaziano, Renata Micha
BACKGROUND: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides approximately US$70 billion annually to support food purchases by low-income households, supporting approximately 1 in 7 Americans. In the 2018 Farm Bill, potential SNAP revisions to improve diets and health could include financial incentives, disincentives, or restrictions for certain foods. However, the overall and comparative impacts on health outcomes and costs are not established. We aimed to estimate the health impact, program and healthcare costs, and cost-effectiveness of food incentives, disincentives, or restrictions in SNAP...
October 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30275294/-diplogastrellus-nematodes-are-sexually-transmitted-mutualists-that-alter-the-bacterial-and-fungal-communities-of-their-beetle-host
#11
Cristina C Ledón-Rettig, Armin P Moczek, Erik J Ragsdale
A recent accumulation of studies has demonstrated that nongenetic, maternally transmitted factors are often critical to the health and development of offspring and can therefore play a role in ecological and evolutionary processes. In particular, microorganisms such as bacteria have been championed as heritable, symbiotic partners capable of conferring fitness benefits to their hosts. At the same time, parents may also pass various nonmicrobial organisms to their offspring, yet the roles of such organisms in shaping the developmental environment of their hosts remain largely unexplored...
October 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247964/an-integrative-approach-to-prostate-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Donald I Abrams
OBJECTIVES: The mostly indolent natural history and long overall survival associated with a diagnosis of prostate cancer provides a unique opportunity for men to explore diet and lifestyle interventions to alter the trajectory of their disease. As many patients may be appropriate for postponing conventional therapy, the effects of various integrative interventions can be investigated. In addition, treatment of prostate cancer with surgery, radiation, or androgen deprivation therapy, all may produce physical or psychological side effects that could be amenable to complementary therapies...
September 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247957/advising-women-undergoing-treatment-for-breast-cancer-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Dawn Lemanne, Victoria Maizes
A majority of women undergoing conventional treatment for breast cancer also undertake complementary and integrative approaches. Practitioners knowledgeable about the evidence base behind common integrative approaches can help patients attain improved quality of life, and at times, improved survival. Evidence-based recommendations include the following: a plant-based diet for general health after diagnosis, and carbohydrate restriction for patients with estrogen receptor-positive postmenopausal breast cancer may be prudent...
September 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215930/diets-for-health-goals-and-guidelines
#14
Amy Locke, Jill Schneiderhan, Suzanna M Zick
Diet is the single most significant risk factor for disability and premature death. Patients and physicians often have difficulty staying abreast of diet trends, many of which focus primarily on weight loss rather than nutrition and health. Recommending an eating style can help patients make positive change. Dietary patterns that support health include the Mediterranean diet, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet, the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, and the Healthy Eating Plate. These approaches have benefits that include prevention of cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and obesity...
June 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30120064/intestinal-bitter-taste-receptor-activation-alters-hormone-secretion-and-imparts-metabolic-benefits
#15
Bernard P Kok, Andrea Galmozzi, Nicole K Littlejohn, Verena Albert, Cristina Godio, Woojoo Kim, Sean M Kim, Jeffrey S Bland, Neile Grayson, Mingliang Fang, Wolfgang Meyerhof, Gary Siuzdak, Supriya Srinivasan, Maik Behrens, Enrique Saez
OBJECTIVES: Extracts of the hops plant have been shown to reduce weight and insulin resistance in rodents and humans, but elucidation of the mechanisms responsible for these benefits has been hindered by the use of heterogeneous hops-derived mixtures. Because hop extracts are used as flavoring agents for their bitter properties, we hypothesized that bitter taste receptors (Tas2rs) could be mediating their beneficial effects in metabolic disease. Studies have shown that exposure of cultured enteroendocrine cells to bitter tastants can stimulate release of hormones, including glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1)...
August 4, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114491/transitions-on-the-shopping-floor-investigating-the-role-of-canadian-supermarkets-in-alternative-protein-consumption
#16
Evan Gravely, Evan Fraser
A transition to a more sustainable diet likely requires substituting proteins of animal origin with alternatives like plant-based foods. Yet consumers are not regularly consuming alternative protein products, and one potential explanation is that the dominant food retail infrastructure is not oriented in favour of these foods. This study provides an in-depth exploration of the role of supermarkets in plant-based protein consumption in a Canadian food retail setting. A mixed-methods approach involving seven supermarket audits, 24 consumer interviews, and five key informant interviews was used to explore the in-store context for plant-based protein purchasing as well as the forms of "fits" and "misfits" between the supermarket's strategies for retailing plant-based protein and consumer strategies when shopping for these products...
November 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082049/linking-sustainability-to-the-healthy-eating-patterns-of-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-a-modelling-study
#17
Nicole Tichenor Blackstone, Naglaa H El-Abbadi, Margaret S McCabe, Timothy S Griffin, Miriam E Nelson
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based nutrition policy is a key mechanism to promote planetary health. In the USA, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans are the foundation of nutrition policy and guide more than US$80 billion in federal spending. Recent attempts have been made to incorporate sustainability into the development of the Dietary Guidelines. However, the sustainability of the 2015-20 Dietary Guidelines remains unclear; research has not yet assessed the environmental impacts of the distinct healthy patterns recommended by the policy...
August 2018: The Lancet. Planetary health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055253/the-genus-ficus-moraceae-used-in-diet-its-plant-diversity-distribution-traditional-uses-and-ethnopharmacological-importance
#18
REVIEW
Yinxian Shi, Aye Mya Mon, Yao Fu, Yu Zhang, Chen Wang, Xuefei Yang, Yuhua Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: A new field of enthnopharmacology has opened, where pharmacological studies draw their attention from the conventional only-medicine approach towards the dietary dimension. The uses of Ficus species in the human diet have been extensively documented by ethnobotanical field surveyors. Overlap commonly exist between the dietary and medicinal selection of Ficus species but not for choices of the plant parts and development stages, which leave a large space for ethnopharmacological study...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039875/comparative-aspects-of-plant-tannins-on-digestive-physiology-nutrition-and-microbial-community-changes-in-sheep-and-goats-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Byeng Ryel Min, Sandra Solaiman
Comparative aspects of plant tannins on digestive physiology, nutrition and microbial community in sheep and goats are discussed in the context of differences due to feed intake, digestibility, utilization of nutrients and microbial community. The purpose of this review was to present an overview of the potential benefits of tannin-containing diets for sheep and goats and specie differences in their response to tannins. It is well established that moderate level of tannins in the diet (3%-4% tannins DM) can precipitate with soluble proteins and increase protein supply to the sheep, but comparative aspects of tannin-containing diets in sheep and goats on animal performance, digestive physiology, rumen microbial changes and potential benefits to sustainable animal production by those compounds have received little attention...
October 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30037596/ferulic-acid-may-target-myd88-mediated-pro-inflammatory-signaling-implications-for-the-health-protection-afforded-by-whole-grains-anthocyanins-and-coffee
#20
Mark F McCarty, Simon B Iloki Assanga
Higher dietary intakes of anthocyanins have been linked epidemiologically to decreased risk for metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular events; clinical trials and rodent studies evaluating ingestion of anthocyanin-rich extracts confirm favorable effects of these agents on endothelial function and metabolic syndrome. However, these benefits of anthocyanins are lost in rats whose gut microbiome has been eliminated with antibiotic treatment - pointing to bacterial metabolites of anthocyanins as the likely protective agents...
September 2018: Medical Hypotheses
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