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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082049/linking-sustainability-to-the-healthy-eating-patterns-of-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-a-modelling-study
#1
Nicole Tichenor Blackstone, Naglaa H El-Abbadi, Margaret S McCabe, Timothy S Griffin, Miriam E Nelson
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based nutrition policy is a key mechanism to promote planetary health. In the USA, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans are the foundation of nutrition policy and guide more than US$80 billion in federal spending. Recent attempts have been made to incorporate sustainability into the development of the Dietary Guidelines. However, the sustainability of the 2015-20 Dietary Guidelines remains unclear; research has not yet assessed the environmental impacts of the distinct healthy patterns recommended by the policy...
August 2018: The Lancet. Planetary health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055253/the-genus-ficus-moracea-used-in-diet-its-plant-diversity-distribution-traditional-uses-and-ethnopharmacological-importance
#2
REVIEW
Yinxian Shi, Aye Mya Mon, Yu Zhang, Yao Fu, Chen Wang, Xuefei Yang, Yuhua Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: A new field of enthnopharmacology has opened, where pharmacological studies draw their attention from the conventional only-medicine approach towards the dietary dimension. The uses of Ficus species in the human diet have been extensively documented by ethnobotanical field surveyors. Overlap commonly exist between the dietary and medicinal selection of Ficus species but not for choices of the plant parts and development stages, which leave a large space for ethnopharmacological study...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039875/comparative-aspects-of-plant-tannins-on-digestive-physiology-nutrition-and-microbial-community-changes-in-sheep-and-goats-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Byeng Ryel Min, Sandra Solaiman
Comparative aspects of plant tannins on digestive physiology, nutrition and microbial community in sheep and goats are discussed in the context of differences due to feed intake, digestibility, utilization of nutrients and microbial community. The purpose of this review was to present an overview of the potential benefits of tannin-containing diets for sheep and goats and specie differences in their response to tannins. It is well established that moderate level of tannins in the diet (3%-4% tannins DM) can precipitate with soluble proteins and increase protein supply to the sheep, but comparative aspects of tannin-containing diets in sheep and goats on animal performance, digestive physiology, rumen microbial changes and potential benefits to sustainable animal production by those compounds have received little attention...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30037596/ferulic-acid-may-target-myd88-mediated-pro-inflammatory-signaling-implications-for-the-health-protection-afforded-by-whole-grains-anthocyanins-and-coffee
#4
Mark F McCarty, Simon B Iloki Assanga
Higher dietary intakes of anthocyanins have been linked epidemiologically to decreased risk for metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular events; clinical trials and rodent studies evaluating ingestion of anthocyanin-rich extracts confirm favorable effects of these agents on endothelial function and metabolic syndrome. However, these benefits of anthocyanins are lost in rats whose gut microbiome has been eliminated with antibiotic treatment - pointing to bacterial metabolites of anthocyanins as the likely protective agents...
September 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019766/omega-3-fatty-acids-for-the-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#5
REVIEW
Asmaa S Abdelhamid, Tracey J Brown, Julii S Brainard, Priti Biswas, Gabrielle C Thorpe, Helen J Moore, Katherine Ho Deane, Fai K AlAbdulghafoor, Carolyn D Summerbell, Helen V Worthington, Fujian Song, Lee Hooper
BACKGROUND: Researchers have suggested that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from oily fish (long-chain omega-3 (LCn3), including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)), as well as from plants (alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)) benefit cardiovascular health. Guidelines recommend increasing omega-3-rich foods, and sometimes supplementation, but recent trials have not confirmed this. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of increased intake of fish- and plant-based omega-3 for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular (CVD) events, adiposity and lipids...
July 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984642/sitosterolemia-diagnosis-metabolic-and-hematological-abnormalities-cardiovascular-disease-and-management
#6
Jose Maria Bastida, Maria Luisa Giros, Rocio Benito, Kamila Janusz, Jesus Maria Hernandez-Rivas, Jose Ramon Gonzalez-Porras
Sitosterolemia is a recessive inherited metabolic disorder of unknown prevalence, characterized by increased levels of plasma plant sterols. It is caused by 28 and 31 variants in ABCG5 and ABCG8 genes, respectively, and is characterized by a predisposition to hyperabsorption and accumulation of toxic levels of plant sterols in plasma. Its clinical picture is extremely heterogeneous. The main clinical features are tendinous and cutaneous xanthomas, arthritis or arthralgia, premature cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis...
July 5, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963555/global-provisioning-of-red-meat-for-flexitarian-diets
#7
REVIEW
Talia M Hicks, Scott O Knowles, Mustafa M Farouk
Although not always labeled as such, flexitarianism is the default lifestyle for much of the world, whereby meals based on plant materials provide the bulk of people's calories. The rich nutrition of meat and animal products is often the lynchpin of these diets, even when only consumed occasionally. It provides forms and concentrations of essential proteins, lipids, and micronutrients that are otherwise scarce. However, the production of this meat is resource intensive. It requires large quantities of arable land and water, and typically has lower conversion efficiency of farm inputs to edible outputs compared with crops, poultry, aquaculture, dairy, and eggs...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910998/plant-based-diets-reducing-cardiovascular-risk-by-improving-sleep-quality
#8
Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Allison Crawford, Brooke Aggarwal
Purpose of review: The goal of this review is to evaluate recent research related to the effects of plant-based diets on sleep patterns. We discuss plausible mechanisms for the link between plant-based diets and sleep, and provide suggestions for future research in this area. Recent findings: Short sleep duration and poor sleep quality have been shown to negatively affect individual dietary habits, through enhanced appetite, increased overall caloric intake, as well as lower diet quality...
March 2018: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868098/dynamic-modeling-of-silicon-bioavailability-uptake-transport-and-accumulation-applicability-in-improving-the-nutritional-quality-of-tomato
#9
Mari C López-Pérez, Fabián Pérez-Labrada, Lino J Ramírez-Pérez, Antonio Juárez-Maldonado, América B Morales-Díaz, Susana González-Morales, Luis R García-Dávila, Jesús García-Mata, Adalberto Benavides-Mendoza
Silicon is an essential nutrient for humans, additionally is beneficial for terrestrial plants. In plants Si enhances tolerance to different types of stress; in humans, it improves the metabolism and increases the strength of skeletal and connective tissues as well as of the immune system. Most of the Si intake of humans come from edible plants creating a double benefit: first, because the absorption of Si increases the antioxidants and other phytochemicals in plants, thereby increasing its functional value, and second because the higher concentration of Si in plants increases intake in human consumers...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800598/vegetarian-dietary-patterns-and-cardiovascular-disease
#10
REVIEW
Hana Kahleova, Susan Levin, Neal D Barnard
Cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) is the leading global cause of mortality, being responsible for 46% of non-communicable disease deaths. It has been estimated that about 85.6 million Americans are living with some form of CVD, which continues to rise. Healthy lifestyle choices may reduce the risk of myocardial infarction by more than 80%, with nutrition playing a key role. Vegetarian dietary patterns reduce CVD mortality and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) by 40%. Plant-based diets are the only dietary pattern to have shown reversal of CHD...
May 22, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752697/biofortification-of-safflower-an-oil-seed-crop-engineered-for-ala-targeting-better-sustainability-and-plant-based-omega-3-fatty-acids
#11
Arti Rani, Asha Panwar, Manjary Sathe, Karunakara Alageri Chandrashekhara, Anil Kush
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency and a skewed n6:n3 fatty acid ratio in the diet is a major explanation for the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. There is mounting evidence of the health benefits associated with omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA's). Although present in abundance in fish, a number of factors limit our consumption of fish based omega-3 PUFA's. To name a few, overexploitation of wild fish stocks has reduced their sustainability due to increased demand of aquaculture for fish oil and meal; the pollution of marine food webs has raised concerns over the ingestion of toxic substances such as heavy metals and dioxins; vegetarians do not consider fish-based sources for supplemental nutrition...
May 11, 2018: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670913/vegetarian-diet-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-asian-indians-in-the-united-states
#12
Ranjita Misra, Padmini Balagopal, Sudha Raj, Thakor G Patel
Research studies have shown that plant-based diets confer cardiovascular and metabolic health benefits. Asian Indians (AIs) in the US (who have often followed plant-based diets) have elevated risk for chronic diseases such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and obesity suggesting ethnic vulnerability that imply genetic and/or lifestyle causative links. This study explored the association between this ethnic group and diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome after controlling for demographics, acculturation, family history of diabetes, and lifestyle and clinical risk factors...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659968/healthy-plant-based-diets-are-associated-with-lower-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-in-us-adults
#13
Hyunju Kim, Laura E Caulfield, Casey M Rebholz
Background: Plant-based diets, often referred to as vegetarian diets, are associated with health benefits. However, the association with mortality is less clear. Objective: We investigated associations between plant-based diet indexes and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in a nationally representative sample of US adults. Methods: Analyses were based on 11,879 participants (20-80 y of age) from NHANES III (1988-1994) linked to data on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality through 2011...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642557/a-mediterranean-diet-model-in-australia-strategies-for-translating-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet-into-a-multicultural-setting
#14
Elena S George, Teagan Kucianski, Hannah L Mayr, George Moschonis, Audrey C Tierney, Catherine Itsiopoulos
Substantial evidence supports the effect of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) for managing chronic diseases, although trials have been primarily conducted in Mediterranean populations. The efficacy and feasibility of the Mediterranean dietary pattern for the management of chronic diseases has not been extensively evaluated in non-Mediterranean settings. This paper aims to describe the development of a MD model that complies with principles of the traditional MD applied in a multiethnic context. Optimal macronutrient and food-based composition was defined, and a two-week menu was devised incorporating traditional ingredients with evidence based on improvements in chronic disease management...
April 9, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614023/genomic-influence-in-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-with-a-sterol-based-treatment
#15
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Eva Pérez Arruche, Esperanza Arce Delgado, María José Ciudad Cabañas, Elena Garicano Vilar, Luis Collado Yurrita
Raised serum cholesterol concentration is a well-established risk factor in cardiovascular disease. In addition, genetic load may have an indirect influence on cardiovascular risk. Plant-based sterol-supplemented foods are recommended to help reduce the serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level. The objective was to analyse the influence of different polymorphisms in hypercholesterolemia patients following a dietary treatment with plant sterols. A randomised double-blind cross-over controlled clinical trial was carried out in 45 people (25 women)...
April 3, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581251/the-opportunity-cost-of-animal-based-diets-exceeds-all-food-losses
#16
Alon Shepon, Gidon Eshel, Elad Noor, Ron Milo
Food loss is widely recognized as undermining food security and environmental sustainability. However, consumption of resource-intensive food items instead of more efficient, equally nutritious alternatives can also be considered as an effective food loss. Here we define and quantify these opportunity food losses as the food loss associated with consuming resource-intensive animal-based items instead of plant-based alternatives which are nutritionally comparable, e.g., in terms of protein content. We consider replacements that minimize cropland use for each of the main US animal-based food categories...
April 10, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576363/hyperlipidemia-secondary-to-acitretin-therapy-for-lamellar-ichthyosis-associated-with-a-nipal4-mutation-improves-on-a-plant-based-diet-and-relapses-on-a-standard-western-diet
#17
Jonathan C Lin, Daniele Massera, Mohammad Ghalib, Robert Marion, Lauren Graf, Steven R Cohen, Robert J Ostfeld
Oral retinoids are commonly prescribed for many dermatological conditions and may induce hyperlipidemia. We document the case of a 35-year-old man taking acitretin for congenital lamellar ichthyosis associated with a homozygous deleterious mutation in NIPAL4 who developed retinoid-induced hyperlipidemia that responded dramatically to a whole-food plant-based (WFPB) diet. On presentation, his diet consisted of chicken, fish, low fat meats and dairy, grains, and some fruits and vegetables. He then adopted a WFPB diet without making changes to his medications...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564646/dairy-products-dairy-fatty-acids-and-the-prevention-of-cardiometabolic-disease-a-review-of-recent-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Edward Yu, Frank B Hu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine recent literature on dairy products, dairy fatty acids, and cardiometabolic disease. Primary questions of interest include what unique challenges researchers face when investigating dairy products/biomarkers, whether one should consume dairy to reduce disease risk, whether dairy fatty acids may be beneficial for health, and whether one should prefer low- or high-fat dairy products. RECENT FINDINGS: Dairy composes about 10% of the calories in a typical American diet, about half of that coming from fluid milk, half coming from cheese, and small amounts from yogurt...
March 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512459/withdrawn-quercetin-a-plant-derived-polyphenol-with-tremendous-cardioprotective-effects
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496410/plant-based-diets-and-cardiovascular-health
#20
REVIEW
Ambika Satija, Frank B Hu
Plant-based diets, defined in terms of low frequency of animal food consumption, have been increasingly recommended for their health benefits. Numerous studies have found plant-based diets, especially when rich in high quality plant foods such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and nuts, to be associated with lower risk of cardiovascular outcomes and intermediate risk factors. This review summarizes the current evidence base examining the associations of plant-based diets with cardiovascular endpoints, and discusses the potential biological mechanisms underlying their health effects, practical recommendations and applications of this research, and directions for future research...
February 13, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
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