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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734301/communication-influence-of-external-static-and-alternating-electric-fields-on-water-from-long-time-non-equilibrium-ab-initio-molecular-dynamics
#1
Zdenek Futera, Niall J English
The response of water to externally applied electric fields is of central relevance in the modern world, where many extraneous electric fields are ubiquitous. Historically, the application of external fields in non-equilibrium molecular dynamics has been restricted, by and large, to relatively inexpensive, more or less sophisticated, empirical models. Here, we report long-time non-equilibrium ab initio molecular dynamics in both static and oscillating (time-dependent) external electric fields, therefore opening up a new vista in rigorous studies of electric-field effects on dynamical systems with the full arsenal of electronic-structure methods...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691307/socio-sexual-functioning-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-existing-literature
#2
Grace I P Hancock, Mark A Stokes, Gary B Mesibov
Socio-sexual functioning encompasses an individual's interests, behaviors, and knowledge with respect to sexual, romantic, and social aspects of life. An individual's understanding of these domains is developed through a range of informal and formal avenues of sexual health education. The current model demonstrated this and proposed that, compared to typically developing individuals, those with ASD develop socio-sexual functioning differently due to having less peer engagement, less relationship experience, more parental guidance, greater use of online materials, receive less school-based sexual health education, and more support from wellbeing services...
July 10, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685187/compatibility-of-fosfomycin-with-different-commercial-peritoneal-dialysis-solutions
#3
M Kussmann, A Baumann, S Hauer, P Pichler, M Zeitlinger, M Wiesholzer, H Burgmann, W Poeppl, G Reznicek
For treatment of peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis, intraperitoneal administration of antibiotics remains the preferable route. For home-based therapy, patients are commonly supplied with peritoneal dialysis fluids already containing antimicrobial agents. The present study set out to investigate the compatibility of fosfomycin with different peritoneal dialysis fluids, namely, Extraneal(®), Nutrineal(®), Physioneal(®) 1.36% and Physioneal(®) 2.27%, under varying storage conditions. The peritoneal dialysis fluid bags including 4 g fosfomycin were stored over 14 days at refrigeration temperature (6°C) and room temperature (25°C) and over 24 h at body temperature (37°C)...
July 6, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678377/cascading-bias-of-initial-exposure-to-information-at-the-crime-scene-to-the-subsequent-evaluation-of-skeletal-remains
#4
Sherry Nakhaeizadeh, Ruth M Morgan, Carolyn Rando, Itiel E Dror
Thirty-eight participants took part in a study that investigated the potential cascading effects of initial exposure to extraneous context upon subsequent decision-making. Participants investigated a mock crime scene, which included the excavation of clandestine burials that had a male skeletal cast dressed either in female or gender neutral clothing. This was followed by a forensic anthropological assessment of the skeletal remains, with a control group assessing the same male skeletal cast without any clothing context...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676435/enhancing-the-educational-value-of-direct-to-consumer-advertising-of-prescription-drugs
#5
Monica J Hwang, Henry N Young
OBJECTIVES: The educational value of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription drugs hinges on its ability to convey important benefit and risk information to consumers. However, the literacy level required to understand some of the information presented in print advertisements may hinder DTCA's ability to educate consumers. The objective of this study was to compare the comprehension and retention of benefit and risk information between consumers who viewed an original print DTCA and those who viewed an advertisement modified according to health literacy principles...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660234/isolation-of-exosomes-from-semen-for-in-vitro-uptake-and-hiv-1-infection-assays
#6
Marisa N Madison, Jennifer L Welch, Chioma M Okeoma
Exosomes are membranous extracellular nanovesicles of endocytic origin. Exosomes are known to carry host and pathogen-derived genomic, proteomic, lipidomic cargos and other extraneous molecules. Exosomes are secreted by diverse cell types into the extracellular milieu and are subsequently internalized by recipient neighboring or distal cells. Upon internalization, exosomes condition recipient cells by donating their cargos and/or activating various signal transduction pathways, consequently regulating physiological and pathophysiological processes...
April 5, 2017: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640765/imaging-approaches-for-contact-lens-deposition
#7
Shyam Panthi, Jason J Nichols
Deposition on contact lenses (CLs) starts quickly after their application to the ocular surface. Deposits may be composed of tear film components or other extraneous substances. These deposits have been related to various adverse conditions of the eye, leading to reduced biocompatibility between the CLs and the ocular surface. Analysis of these deposits is essential to better elucidate the relationship between these deposits and their adverse reactions so that better methods of increasing biocompatibility can be developed...
July 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630743/comparison-of-five-video-assisted-intubation-devices-by-novice-and-expert-laryngoscopists-for-use-in-the-aeromedical-evacuation-environment
#8
Matthew C Wallace, SSgt Tyler Britton, Robbie Meek, Sharon Walsh-Hart, Col Todd E Carter, Steven J Lisco
BACKGROUND: The critically ill or injured patient undergoing military medical evacuation may require emergent intubation. Intubation may be life-saving, but it carries risks. The novice or infrequent laryngoscopist has a distinct disadvantage because experience is critical for the rapid and safe establishment of a secured airway. This challenge is compounded by the austere environment of the back of an aircraft under blackout conditions. This study determined which of five different video-assisted intubation devices (VAIDs) was best suited for in-flight use by U...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630291/global-sustainable-development-priorities-500-y-after-luther-sola-schola-et-sanitate
#9
Wolfgang Lutz
Martin Luther succinctly summarized his theology in sola statements, such as sola scriptura, viewing the Bible (scriptura) as the only valid source of information about God rather than what he viewed as the extraneous, corrupting church doctrine of the time. As a secular side effect of this focus on individual reading skills, the Protestant territories were the first to acquire high literacy rates, which subsequently fostered health, economic growth, and good governance. Here I argue that a similar priority focus on empowerment of all segments of all populations through education and health (sola schola et sanitate) is needed today for sustainable development...
July 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612309/pre-implantation-genetic-diagnosis-should-we-use-icsi-for-all
#10
Baruch Feldman, Adva Aizer, Masha Brengauz, Keren Dotan, Jacob Levron, Eyal Schiff, Raoul Orvieto
OBJECTIVE: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is commonly used during pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) in vitro fertilization (IVF), aiming to eliminate the risk of contamination from extraneous sperm DNA. Recently, ICSI "overuse" in non-male infertility has been doubted, since it does not offer an advantage over IVF. Prompted by the aforementioned observations, we sought to assess the accuracy of IVF vs ICSI in PGD cases, as might be reflected by a difference in the prevalence of discarded embryos as a consequent of parental contamination...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604030/chatting-in-the-face-of-the-eyewitness-the-impact-of-extraneous-cell-phone-conversation-on-memory-for-a-perpetrator
#11
John E Marsh, Krupali Patel, Katherine Labonté, Emma Threadgold, Faye C Skelton, Cristina Fodarella, Rachel Thorley, Kirsty L Battersby, Charlie D Frowd, Linden J Ball, François Vachon
Cell-phone conversation is ubiquitous within public spaces. The current study investigates whether ignored cell-phone conversation impairs eyewitness memory for a perpetrator. Participants viewed a video of a staged crime in the presence of 1 side of a comprehensible cell-phone conversation (meaningful halfalogue), 2 sides of a comprehensible cell-phone conversation (meaningful dialogue), 1 side of an incomprehensible cell-phone conversation (meaningless halfalogue), or quiet. Between 24 and 28 hr later, participants freely described the perpetrator's face, constructed a single composite image of the perpetrator from memory, and attempted to identify the perpetrator from a sequential lineup...
June 12, 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601519/cytotoxic-and-genotoxic-affects-of-acid-mine-drainage-on-fish-channa-punctata-bloch
#12
B Talukdar, H K Kalita, S Basumatary, D J Saikia, D Sarma
The investigation deals with the effects of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) of coal mine on fish Channa punctata (Bloch) by examining the incidence of haematological, morphological, histological changes and DNA fragmentation in tissues of C. punctata in laboratory condition. For this study fishes were exposed to 10% of AMD for a period of 30 days. The fusion of the primary and secondary gill lamellae, distortion, loss of alignment, deposition of worn out tissues and mucous on the surface of the lamella in the gills; degeneration of morphological architecture, loss of alignment of tubules, mucous deposition in the kidney; cellular damage, cellular necrosis, extraneous deposition on the surface, pore formation in the liver are some important changes detected by scanning electron microscopy...
June 8, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598683/buffered-romanowsky-giemsa-method-for-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-sections-taming-a-traditional-stain
#13
D Stefanović, G Samardžija, A Redžek, M Arnaut, Z Nikin, M Stefanović
Romanowsky-Giemsa (RG) stains were devised during the 19th century for identifying plasmodia parasites in blood smears. Later, RG stains became standard procedures for hematology and cytology. Numerous attempts have been made to apply RG staining to formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections, with varied success. Most published work on this topic described RG staining methods in which sections were overstained, then subjected to acid differentiation; unfortunately, the differentiation step often caused inconsistent staining outcomes...
June 9, 2017: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587126/lithium-in-the-natural-waters-of-the-south-east-of-ireland
#14
Laurence Kavanagh, Jerome Keohane, John Cleary, Guiomar Garcia Cabellos, Andrew Lloyd
The South East of Ireland (County Carlow) contains a deposit of the valuable lithium-bearing mineral spodumene (LiAl(SiO₃)₂). This resource has recently attracted interest and abstractive mining in the area is a possibility for the future. The open cast mining of this resource could represent a potential hazard in the form of metalliferous pollution to local water. The population of County Carlow is just under 60,000. The local authority reports that approximately 75.7% of the population's publicly supplied drinking water is abstracted from surface water and 11...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569837/a-robot-for-high-yield-electrophysiology-and-morphology-of-single-neurons-in-vivo
#15
Lu Li, Benjamin Ouellette, William A Stoy, Emma J Garren, Tanya L Daigle, Craig R Forest, Christof Koch, Hongkui Zeng
Single-cell characterization and perturbation of neurons provides knowledge critical to addressing fundamental neuroscience questions including the structure-function relationship and neuronal cell-type classification. Here we report a robot for efficiently performing in vivo single-cell experiments in deep brain tissues optically difficult to access. This robot automates blind (non-visually guided) single-cell electroporation (SCE) and extracellular electrophysiology, and can be used to characterize neuronal morphological and physiological properties of, and/or manipulate genetic/chemical contents via delivering extraneous materials (for example, genes) into single neurons in vivo...
June 1, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564546/polyurethane-microgel-based-microtissue-interface-guided-assembly-and-spreading
#16
Michael J Hill, Debanjan Sarkar
Colloidal gels are three-dimensional networks of microgel particles and can be utilized to design microtissues where the differential adhesive interactions between the particles and cells, guided by their surface energetics, are engineered to spatially assemble the cellular and colloidal components into three-dimensional microtissues. In this work we utilized a colloidal interaction approach to design cell-polyurethane (PU) microgel bimodal microtissues using endothelial cells (ECs) as a normal cell model and a nonmalignant breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) as a cancer cell model...
June 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561868/improving-critical-thinking-using-a-web-based-tutorial-environment
#17
Stephen M Wiesner, J D Walker, Craig R Creeger
With a broad range of subject matter, students often struggle recognizing relationships between content in different subject areas. A scenario-based learning environment (SaBLE) has been developed to enhancing clinical reasoning and critical thinking among undergraduate students in a medical laboratory science program and help them integrate their new knowledge. SaBLE incorporates aspects of both cognitive theory and instructional design, including reduction of extraneous cognitive load, goal-based learning, feedback timing, and game theory...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544409/mind-the-gap-temporal-discrimination-and-dystonia
#18
A Sadnicka, C Daum, C Cordivari, K P Bhatia, J C Rothwell, S Manohar, M J Edwards
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: One of the most widely studied perceptual measures of sensory dysfunction in dystonia is the temporal discrimination threshold (TDT) (the shortest interval at which subjects can perceive that there are two stimuli rather than one). However the elevated thresholds described may be due to a number of potential mechanisms as current paradigms test not only temporal discrimination but also extraneous sensory and decision-making parameters. In this study two paradigms designed to better quantify temporal processing are presented and a decision-making model is used to assess the influence of decision strategy...
June 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534582/selective-conversion-of-coconut-oil-to-fatty-alcohols-in-methanol-over-a-hydrothermally-prepared-cu-sio2-catalyst-without-extraneous-hydrogen
#19
Liubi Wu, Lulu Li, Bolong Li, Chen Zhao
A novel one-pot approach selects a hydrothermally synthesized Cu/SiO2 catalyst (consisting of Cu2O·SiO2 and Cu(0) surface species) to catalyze the reduction of a series of fatty esters, fatty acids, and coconut oil to fatty alcohols at 240 °C in methanol without extraneous hydrogen, attaining around 85% conversion and 100% selectivity.
June 1, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532393/maternal-care-quality-in-near-miss-and-maternal-mortality-in-an-academic-public-tertiary-hospital-in-yogyakarta-indonesia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Yuli Mawarti, Adi Utarini, Mohammad Hakimi
BACKGROUND: Reducing maternal mortality remains a major challenge for health care systems worldwide. The factors related to maternal mortality were extensively researched, and maternal death clusters around labour, delivery and the immediate postpartum period. Studies on the quality of maternal care in academic medical centre settings in low income countries are uncommon. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of maternal deaths was conducted in an academic public tertiary hospital in Yogyakarta, and maternal near misses were used as controls...
May 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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