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Medical Application

Q F Xiao, Y Y Lu, C M Meng, W H Qin
Objective: To assess psychological acceptance and occupational stress of medical staff, analyze the relationship among personality, psychological acceptance and occupational stress and discuss the direct or indirect effects of personality to occupational stress. Methods: The gaseous four kinds of carboxylic acids in the workplace air were simultaneously collected by silica gel tube, and then desorbed by deionized water and eluted by ion chromatograph. The the content was detected by conductivity detector. Results: The linear relationship was good in the concentration range of about 0~140 mg/L...
August 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
W D Liu, H B Zhou, H P Hu
The application of artificial intelligence is developing rapidly in various fields with the improvement of computing power, big data processing, and diversity of algorithms. It has a great potential value in the field of medical and healthcare, especially in the field of cancer diagnosis and treatment. In addition, it can analyze a large amount of data, information, and knowledge instantaneously. Therefore, it serves as a powerful tool for doctors to make the best treatment decisions. Notably, the development of science and technology truly transform into the actual interests of patients...
August 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
A Liu, W Xu, H Xu, Y Wang, H L Zhao, J C Sha, Y M Gu
Objective: To explore the clinical value of 3D-DSA technology in the diagnosis and treatment guidance of hepatic artery chemoembolization. Methods: Liver cancer patients in the treatment groups were collected to receive 3D-DSA imaging guidance at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University between March and May 2017. In addition, routine 2D-DSA imaging was selected for treatment-received group. Intra-operative blood vessels and tumor-like lesions were observed. The total exposure dose (CAK, unit mGy), cumulative irradiation intensity per unit area (DAP, unit mGy...
June 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Ali Afzali, Farshid Babapour Mofrad, Majid Pouladian
Detailed knowledge of anatomical lung variation is very important in medical image processing. Normal variations of lung consistent with the maintenance of pulmonary health and abnormal lung variations can be as a result of a pulmonary disease. Inter-patient lung variations can be due to the several factors such as sex, age, height, weight and type of disease. This study tries to show the inter-patient lung variations by using one of the shape-based descriptions techniques which is called Fourier descriptors...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Aamir Raoof Memon, Tahir Masood, Waqar Ahmed Awan, Ahmed Waqas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of an incentive-based approach combined with a smartphone application in promoting physical activity and weight-loss among female medical students, and to explore among them psychological effects pertaining to self-esteem, guilt, body-shaming, and perception of physical beauty. METHODS: The pilot, randomised controlled trial was conducted at the Peoples University of Medical and Health Sciences for Women, Nawabshah, Pakistan, from March to May 2017, and comprised female students who were randomly allocated to either the incentivized or the non-incentivized group...
October 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Malik Hassan Mehmood, Hasan Salman Siddiqi, Rehana Rehman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Tanzil Jamali, Adeel Ahmed Khan, Asaad Ahmed Nafees, Muhammad Ahmed, Iqbal Azam, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Kiyoung Lee
To compare time-location pattern of undergraduate university students through GPS and diary method, and with level of physical activity, a cross-sectional survey was conducted from September 2012 - May 2013 involving 50 undergraduate students from Aga Khan University. Data were recorded through GPS, diary method, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-L) and accelerometer (ActiGraph). Median self-reported time spent in the indoor-inside the campus, indoor-outside the campus and outdoor environment was 405 (IQR:300-540), 720 (IQR:465-840) and 300 minutes (IQR:180-495) respectively, while 52% of the students were in moderate, 40% vigorous and 8% in mild categories of physical activity...
July 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Junaid Abdul Razzak, Minaz Mawani, Iqbal Azam, Courtland Robinson, Usama Talib, Muhammad Masood Kadir
OBJECTIVE: To assess the application of capture-recapture method as a potential strategy to estimate the incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from January to April 2013 in Karachi and comprised three public general hospitals, one public cardiac hospital, one private general hospital and two ambulance services. Two-sample capture-recapture method was used: first capture was through cardiac arrest data from two major emergency medical services and second capture was from the five teaching hospitals...
July 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Rushmia Karim, Niraj Mandal, Steve Tuft
Giant fornix syndrome (GFS) was first described as a cause for a relapsing mucopurulent conjunctivitis. Predominantly elderly patients have enlarged superior fornices from superior aponeurosis dehiscence that permits the accumulation of protein coagulum that is colonised by bacteria. Established treatment includes the use of intensive topical antibiotic and corticosteroid. We describe a case of a 98-year-old woman with GFS who did not respond to several weeks of intensive (two hourly) treatment with topical prednisolone 1% drops and chloramphenicol...
October 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Olivia A Bernal, Heather F McClintock, Jibby E Kurichi, Pui L Kwong, Dawei Xie, Joel E Streim, Liliana E Pezzin, Hillary R Bogner
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between activity limitation stages and patient satisfaction and perceived quality of medical care among younger Medicare beneficiaries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) for calendar years 2001-2011. PARTICIPANTS: A population-based sample (n=9323) of Medicare beneficiaries less than 65 years of age living in the community. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
October 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
R Bosc, A Fitoussi, B Hersant, T-H Dao, J-P Meningaud
Although the term augmented reality appears increasingly in published studies, the real-time, image-guided (so-called 'hands-free' and 'heads-up') surgery techniques are often confused with other virtual imaging procedures. A systematic review of the literature was conducted to classify augmented reality applications in the fields of maxillofacial surgery. Publications containing the terms 'augmented reality', 'hybrid reality', and 'surgery' were sought through a search of three medical databases, covering the years 1995-2018...
October 10, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
S Hafner, M Ehrenfeld, A-C Neumann, Andreas Wieser
PURPOSE: Cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAPP) is increasingly used for medical applications. The first devices are available from commercial manufactures, promising to improve wound healing and disinfection. The underlying antimicrobial mechanisms of CAPP are discussed, while the first results on its bactericidal efficiency against common bacterial species have already been published, with promising results. Most of the plasma sources used in these studies were built by the investigators themselves, and are not commercially available or licensed for clinical use...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Shan Wei, Zachary R Weiss, Pallavi Gaur, Eric Forman, Zev Williams
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a handheld, nanopore-based DNA sequencer can be used for rapid preimplantation genetic screening (PGS). DESIGN: Laboratory study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Amplified genomic DNA from euploid and aneuploid trophectoderm biopsy samples (n=9) that was also tested using traditional next generation sequencing (NGS). INTERVENTION(S): Short-read DNA library preparation and nanopore-based sequencing using a hand-held MinION sequencer...
October 2018: Fertility and Sterility
X Chen, L Liu, W Nie, R Deng, J Li, Q Fu, J Fei, C Wang
BACKGROUND: Refractory infectious wounds on renal transplantation (RT) recipients significantly prolong hospital stay, increase medical costs, and threaten allograft survival. Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) therapy is a new technique for managing wounds based on the principle of application of controlled negative pressure. The aim of this study was to summarize the efficacy and safety of VSD therapy in the management of refractory infectious wounds following RT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of a cohort of 661 consecutive patients who received renal transplants over a period of 3 years in which the data were collected and analyzed retrospectively...
October 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Taufique Joarder, Lal B Rawal, Syed Masud Ahmed, Aftab Uddin, Timothy G Evans
BACKGROUND: Retaining doctors in rural areas is a challenge in Bangladesh. In this study, we analyzed three rural retention policies: career development programs, compulsory services, and schools outside major cities - in terms of context, contents, actors, and processes. METHODS: Series of group discussions between policy-makers and researchers prompted the selection of policy areas, which were analyzed using the policy triangle framework. We conducted document and literature reviews (1971-2013), key informant interviews (KIIs) with relevant policy elites (n=11), and stakeholder analysis/position-mapping...
May 5, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Marcin Padzik, Wanda Baltaza, Jacek P. Szaflik, Edyta Hendiger, Monika Dybicz, Lidia Chomicz
Small amoebae belonging to the Acanthamoeba genus complete their life cycles in different environmental niches as free-living protists however some of them are facultative parasites that can cause severe disease in humans. The sight-threatening Acanthamoeba keratitis develops in immune-competent persons, mainly in contact lens wearers; it is detected with increasing frequency along with the spread of contact lens use. The high abundance of the amoebae in the environment is important for dispersion and transmission of the infections among humans...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Ying Fu, Xiao-Xiao Pang, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Qiong Chai, Fei Ye
A highly sensitive fluorescent probe, 2‑butyl‑6‑(2‑ethylidenehydrazinyl)‑1H‑benzo[de]isoquinoline‑1,3(2H)‑dione (P) has been designed and synthesized to detect Cu2+ in CH3 CN-HEPES (4:1, v/v, pH = 7.4) solution. This probe functions via a distinctive hydrolysis mechanism through Cu2+ -promoted accompany by extinction of the fluorescent and other competing metal ions did not showed any interference. The limit of detection toward Cu2+ was calculated of 320 nM. Probe P was not only successfully used for the determination of trace level Cu2+ in the CH3 CN-HEPES (4:1, v/v, pH = 7...
October 8, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Andreas Burgdorf, Inga Güthe, Marko Jovanović, Ekaterina Kutafina, Christian Kohlschein, Jó Ágila Bitsch, Stephan M Jonas
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders have a prevalence of up to 50% and are commonly diagnosed using polysomnography. However, polysomnography requires trained staff and specific equipment in a laboratory setting, which are expensive and limited resources are available. Mobile and wearable devices such as fitness wristbands can perform limited sleep monitoring but are not evaluated well. Here, the development and evaluation of a mobile application to record and synchronize data from consumer-grade sensors suitable for sleep monitoring is presented and evaluated for data collection capability in a clinical trial...
October 6, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Julia Han, Andrew Rabley, Alex Vlasak, Shahab Bozorgmehri, Vincent Bird, Louis Moy
OBJECTIVE: To survey the characteristics, career goals, and practice preferences of current urology applicants. METHODS: An anonymous survey was emailed to applicants pursuing a residency position at the University of Florida for the 2017-2018 academic year Urology Match. The survey included questions on demographics, motivating factors to pursue urology, plans for fellowship training, and anticipated and desired practice patterns. RESULTS: 151 of 295 applicants completed the survey, mean age 26...
October 10, 2018: Urology
Jason Gardosi
Fetal growth restriction is an indicator of placental insufficiency and is strongly associated with adverse perinatal outcome. There is a point that the recent dominance in the medical literature about which reference charts to use and dichotomization of fetal size at the 10th percentile overlooks the fact there is not a single cut-off in any growth chart that acts as an absolute divider between high and low risk for adverse outcome. Thus, the collective goal of all researchers to identify, monitor and effectively manage growth-restricted fetuses is better served by replacing dichotomisation of normal versus abnormal fetal growth at the 10th percentile by interpretation of fetal size in context with other known parameters of fetal risk - all as continuous parameters...
October 10, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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