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American College Of Sport Medicine

Donguk Jo, Michael J Del Bel, Daniel McEwen, Jennifer O'Neil, Olivia S Mac Kiddie, Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Lucie Brosseau
RATIONALE: Exercise programs for the management of fibromyalgia are well recognized as being effective. However, the incomplete descriptions of exercise programs make replication and implementation difficult. Also, existing reporting tools have not been validated in relation to pain relief as well as with each other. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the description of exercise programs in randomized control trials for the management of fibromyalgia using different assessment tools, and the correlations of each tool in relation to effectiveness of pain relief of fibromyalgia, and the correlations between each tool...
December 5, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Joanna C Nicholas, Kirsty A McDonald, Peter Peeling, Ben Jackson, James A Dimmock, Jacqueline A Alderson, Cyril J Donnelly
Nicholas, JC, McDonald, KA, Peeling, P, Jackson, B, Dimmock, JA, Alderson, JA, and Donnelly, CJ. Pole dancing for fitness: The physiological and metabolic demand of a 60-minute class. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Little is understood about the acute physiological or metabolic demand of pole dancing classes. As such, the aims of this study were to quantify the demands of a standardized recreational pole dancing class, classifying outcomes according to American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) exercise-intensity guidelines, and to explore differences in physiological and metabolic measures between skill- and routine-based class components...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Valentin Benzing, Mirko Schmidt
Exergaming, or active video gaming, has become an emerging trend in fitness, education and health sectors. It is defined as digital games that require bodily movements to play, stimulating an active gaming experience to function as a form of physical activity (PA). Since exergaming is becoming more popular, claims have been made on the usefulness of exergaming. It has, for example, been entitled as being "the future of fitness" by the American College of Sports Medicine, promoting PA and health in children and adolescents...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
William Evans, Quentin Willey, Erik D Hanson, Lee Stoner
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness (AS) is a key measure in predicting risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related events, independent of other risk factors. Resistance training (RT) has been shown to increase AS in young healthy subjects. However, the effects of RT on AS in persons with or at risk for CVD remain unclear; this uncertainty is a barrier to RT prescription in this population. Considering RT may be as effective as or superior to aerobic exercise prescription in treating some co-morbidities associated with CVD, it would be helpful to clarify whether RT does lead to clinically meaningful increases (detrimental) in AS in those with CVD or CVD risk factors...
December 2018: Sports Medicine
Mimi Thyregod, Anders Løkke, Uffe Bodtger
Introduction: In patients with COPD, severe physical inactivity (SPI, which is defined as total daily energy expenditure/resting energy expenditure; physical activity level [PAL] ratio, <1.4) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) increases physical capacity in COPD, but the impact on SPI is unknown. In this study, we aimed at elucidating the prevalence of SPI in COPD patients attending standard PR, the impact of PR on SPI prevalence, and the relationship between SPI and time spent in moderate physical activity thus whether American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommendations are clinically useful in excluding SPI in COPD...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Lee Min Chul, Lee Sung Ki, Jung Suk Yool, Moon Hyung Hoon
PURPOSE: Exercise effectively enhances physiological adaptation, performance, and health-related markers in healthy individuals and diseased populations. However, the type and amount of optimal exercise remain controversial. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) took the top spot in the American College of Sports Medicine worldwide survey on fitness trends in 2018. METHODS: We review information on the effect of HIIT on physiological adaptation and the novel role on brain functions...
September 30, 2018: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Dulce H Gomez, James R Bagley, Nicole Bolter, Marialice Kern, C Matthew Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the exercise intensity of active virtual reality games (AVRGs) by oxygen consumption (VO2 ), heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). A second aim was to compare the AVRG intensities to current American College of Sports Medicine exercise guidelines using metabolic equivalents (METs) and %VO2 reserve (%VO2 R). MATERIALS & METHODS: HR, VO2 , and RPE were collected on participants (N = 41; age: 25...
October 2018: Games for Health
Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Julia Bidonde, Angela Busch, Marie Westby, Glen P Kenny, Manuel Delgado-Fernández, Ana Carbonell-Baeza, Prinon Rahman, Gino De Angelis, Lucie Brosseau
BACKGROUND: This study aimed (1) to evaluate the therapeutic validity of exercise interventions included in a previous umbrella systematic review of high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the management of fibromyalgia; and (2) to explore whether exercise interventions with high therapeutic validity and that meet the 2013 American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines are positively associated with greater pain relief. METHODS: Therapeutic validity was evaluated based on the CONsensus on Therapeutic Exercise and Training (CONTENT) scale, in high methodological quality RCTs found in the nine systematic reviews of a previous umbrella review on exercise interventions in the management of fibromyalgia...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Felipe A Cunha, Gabrielle S M Gomes, Joana Carvalho, Nádia Silva
The present study investigated whether a single bout of concurrent exercise (Ex Rx) at Third Age Academies (TAAs) of Rio de Janeiro City meets the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines for energy cost and metabolic intensity in older adults. Nine subjects (5 males and 4 females, aged 63-80 years) visited the laboratory for clinical screening, anthropometrical, resting and maximal VO2 assessments. Thereafter, subjects performed an Ex Rx circuit, consisting of a single circuit alternating aerobic and resistance exercises at outdoor exercise equipment using body mass as the load (total of 9 exercises, 1-2 sets of 15 repetition)...
October 1, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Ram Jagannathan, Susan Lynn Ziolkowski, Mary Beth Weber, Jason Cobb, Nhat Pham, Jin Long, Shuchi Anand, Felipe Lobelo
BACKGROUND: Patients on dialysis are physically inactive, with most reporting activity levels below the fifth percentile of healthy age-matched groups. Several small studies have reported efficacy of diverse exercise interventions among persons with CKD and those on dialysis. However, no single intervention has been widely adopted in real-world practice, despite a clear need in this vulnerable population with high rates of mortality, frailty, and skilled nursing hospitalizations. METHODS/DESIGN: We describe a pragmatic clinical trial for an exercise intervention among patients transitioning to dialysis...
September 12, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Daniel Puciato, Władysław Mynarski, Michał Rozpara, Agnieszka Nawrocka
Background: Modern research of health determinants and health-related behavior patterns places a particular emphasis on the assessment of physical activity levels in various social and professional groups. The deficit of physical activity has become a common cause of serious diseases. Following the ecological model of health behavior, physical activity as a biological and cultural phenomenon can be indirectly modified by such interpersonal factors as age, sex, somatic traits and education...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Nicole A Guitar, Denise M Connelly, Lindsay S Nagamatsu, Joseph B Orange, Susan W Muir-Hunter
Executive function deficit is an indicator of Alzheimer's-type dementia and manifests as disruptions of attentional control, memory, cognitive flexibility, planning, and reasoning, among other cognitive problems. Physical exercise is suggested to have a protective effect on global cognition with aging. However, whether it influences executive function in people living with Alzheimer's-type dementia specifically is unknown. The current systematic review examined the efficacy of physical exercise on executive function performance in community-dwelling older adults living with Alzheimer's-type dementia...
November 2018: Ageing Research Reviews
Angela L Mahaffey
Human physiology is a core physical sciences course for health professions students, such as nurses and exercise science majors. The concepts of human physiology lay the foundation for health professions courses, such as pathophysiology. The National Council Licensing Exam for registered nurses (a timed nursing licensure exam) and the American College of Sports Medicine timed licensure exams for exercise sciences students have a framework consisting of human physiology concepts and are computer adaptive testing (CAT) assessments...
September 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Christian Tapking, Daniel Popp, David N Herndon, Ludwik K Branski, Ronald P Mlcak, Oscar E Suman
PURPOSE: In burned children, exercise training increases maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) and can be combined with the nonspecific beta-blocker propranolol to decrease cardiac work. VO2 max is estimated if indirect calorimetry is not available. We compared measured and estimated VO2 max in severely burned children treated with or without propranolol to determine the suitability of commonly used formulas in these populations. METHODS: Patients received propranolol or placebo (control) during acute hospitalization...
July 10, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Heather N Furr, Jeff A Nessler, Sean C Newcomer
Furr, HN, Nessler, JA, and Newcomer, SC. Characterization of heart rate responses, duration, and distances traveled in youth participating in recreational skateboarding at community skateparks. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Recreational skateboarding continues to gain popularity in youth within the United States and abroad. Surprisingly, there is a paucity of research regarding the cardiovascular responses of youth participating in recreational skateboarding. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that skateboarding would elicit heart rates and durations consistent with the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations for cardiovascular fitness in youth...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
David P Looney, William R Santee, Anthony J Karis, Laurie A Blanchard, Maxwell N Rome, Alyssa J Carter, Adam W Potter
Introduction: Dismounted military operations often involve prolonged load carriage over complex terrain, which can result in excessive metabolic costs that can directly impair soldiers' performance. Although estimating these demands is a critical interest for mission planning purposes, it is unclear whether existing estimation equations developed from controlled laboratory- and field-based studies accurately account for energy costs of traveling over complex terrain. This study investigated the accuracy of the following equations for military populations when applied to data collected over complex terrain with two different levels of load carriage: American College of Sports Medicine (2002), Givoni and Goldman (1971), Jobe and White (2009), Minetti et al (2002), Pandolf et al (1977), and Santee et al (2003)...
May 31, 2018: Military Medicine
P Gendron, C Lajoie, L Laurencelle, F Trudeau
Background: Female firefighters are in the minority in the Québec firefighter population and worldwide. To our knowledge, no study has focused on cardiovascular risk factors in female firefighters, and further research in this area is needed to evaluate and reduce the risk of on-duty sudden cardiac death. Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in female firefighters in Québec. Methods: A cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire to evaluate lifestyle and CVD risk factors and symptoms...
August 11, 2018: Occupational Medicine
H B Benestad, K L Sand, J C Bruusgaard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2018: Acta Physiologica
Kimberly S Hurley, Kaleigh J Flippin, Lindsey C Blom, Jocelyn E Bolin, Donald L Hoover, Lawrence W Judge
The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) has recommended that resistance training be performed at least twice per week, with 8-12 repetitions of 8-10 exercises targeting all major muscle groups (1). However, Kruger, Carlson, and Kohl (18) reported that women were participating less than the U.S. population on the whole, as only 20% of women were engaging in resistance training two or more times per week. In order to better understand why only 1 in 5 women participate regularly in this form of physical activity, this study investigated current resistance training practices, perceived benefits, and barriers to resistance training among college women...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Margaux Chan, Martin J MacInnis, Sarah Koch, Kristin E MacLeod, Keith R Lohse, Maria E Gallo, A William Sheel, Michael S Koehle
Chan, M, MacInnis, MJ, Koch, S, MacLeod, KE, Lohse, KR, Gallo, ME, Sheel, AW, and Koehle, MS. Cardiopulmonary demand of 16-kg kettlebell snatches in simulated Girevoy Sport. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Kettlebell lifting has become popular both as a strength and conditioning training tool and as a sport in and of itself: Girevoy Sport (GS). Although several kettlebell multimovement protocols have been analyzed, little research has attempted to quantify the aerobic stimulus of the individual events in GS, which could better inform kettlebell-related exercise prescription...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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