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American College Of Sport Medicine

Dulce H Gomez, James R Bagley, Nicole Bolter, Marialice Kern, C Matthew Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the exercise intensity of active virtual reality games (AVRGs) by oxygen consumption (VO2 ), heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). A second aim was to compare the AVRG intensities to current American College of Sports Medicine exercise guidelines using metabolic equivalents (METs) and %VO2 reserve (%VO2 R). MATERIALS & METHODS: HR, VO2 , and RPE were collected on participants (N = 41; age: 25...
October 2018: Games for Health
Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Julia Bidonde, Angela Busch, Marie Westby, Glen P Kenny, Manuel Delgado-Fernández, Ana Carbonell-Baeza, Prinon Rahman, Gino De Angelis, Lucie Brosseau
BACKGROUND: This study aimed (1) to evaluate the therapeutic validity of exercise interventions included in a previous umbrella systematic review of high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the management of fibromyalgia; and (2) to explore whether exercise interventions with high therapeutic validity and that meet the 2013 American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines are positively associated with greater pain relief. METHODS: Therapeutic validity was evaluated based on the CONsensus on Therapeutic Exercise and Training (CONTENT) scale, in high methodological quality RCTs found in the nine systematic reviews of a previous umbrella review on exercise interventions in the management of fibromyalgia...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Felipe A Cunha, Gabrielle S M Gomes, Joana Carvalho, Nádia Silva
The present study investigated whether a single bout of concurrent exercise (Ex Rx) at Third Age Academies (TAAs) of Rio de Janeiro City meets the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines for energy cost and metabolic intensity in older adults. Nine subjects (5 males and 4 females, aged 63-80 years) visited the laboratory for clinical screening, anthropometrical, resting and maximal VO2 assessments. Thereafter, subjects performed an Ex Rx circuit, consisting of a single circuit alternating aerobic and resistance exercises at outdoor exercise equipment using body mass as the load (total of 9 exercises, 1-2 sets of 15 repetition)...
October 1, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Ram Jagannathan, Susan Lynn Ziolkowski, Mary Beth Weber, Jason Cobb, Nhat Pham, Jin Long, Shuchi Anand, Felipe Lobelo
BACKGROUND: Patients on dialysis are physically inactive, with most reporting activity levels below the fifth percentile of healthy age-matched groups. Several small studies have reported efficacy of diverse exercise interventions among persons with CKD and those on dialysis. However, no single intervention has been widely adopted in real-world practice, despite a clear need in this vulnerable population with high rates of mortality, frailty, and skilled nursing hospitalizations. METHODS/DESIGN: We describe a pragmatic clinical trial for an exercise intervention among patients transitioning to dialysis...
September 12, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Daniel Puciato, Władysław Mynarski, Michał Rozpara, Agnieszka Nawrocka
Background: Modern research of health determinants and health-related behavior patterns places a particular emphasis on the assessment of physical activity levels in various social and professional groups. The deficit of physical activity has become a common cause of serious diseases. Following the ecological model of health behavior, physical activity as a biological and cultural phenomenon can be indirectly modified by such interpersonal factors as age, sex, somatic traits and education...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Nicole A Guitar, Denise M Connelly, Lindsay S Nagamatsu, Joseph B Orange, Susan W Muir-Hunter
Executive function deficit is an indicator of Alzheimer's-type dementia and manifests as disruptions of attentional control, memory, cognitive flexibility, planning, and reasoning, among other cognitive problems. Physical exercise is suggested to have a protective effect on global cognition with aging. However, whether it influences executive function in people living with Alzheimer's-type dementia specifically is unknown. The current systematic review examined the efficacy of physical exercise on executive function performance in community-dwelling older adults living with Alzheimer's-type dementia...
August 10, 2018: Ageing Research Reviews
Angela L Mahaffey
Human physiology is a core physical sciences course for health professions students, such as nurses and exercise science majors. The concepts of human physiology lay the foundation for health professions courses, such as pathophysiology. The National Council Licensing Exam for registered nurses (a timed nursing licensure exam) and the American College of Sports Medicine timed licensure exams for exercise sciences students have a framework consisting of human physiology concepts and are computer adaptive testing (CAT) assessments...
September 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Christian Tapking, Daniel Popp, David N Herndon, Ludwik K Branski, Ronald P Mlcak, Oscar E Suman
PURPOSE: In burned children, exercise training increases maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) and can be combined with the nonspecific beta-blocker propranolol to decrease cardiac work. VO2 max is estimated if indirect calorimetry is not available. We compared measured and estimated VO2 max in severely burned children treated with or without propranolol to determine the suitability of commonly used formulas in these populations. METHODS: Patients received propranolol or placebo (control) during acute hospitalization...
July 10, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Heather N Furr, Jeff A Nessler, Sean C Newcomer
Furr, HN, Nessler, JA, and Newcomer, SC. Characterization of heart rate responses, duration, and distances traveled in youth participating in recreational skateboarding at community skateparks. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Recreational skateboarding continues to gain popularity in youth within the United States and abroad. Surprisingly, there is a paucity of research regarding the cardiovascular responses of youth participating in recreational skateboarding. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that skateboarding would elicit heart rates and durations consistent with the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations for cardiovascular fitness in youth...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
David P Looney, William R Santee, Anthony J Karis, Laurie A Blanchard, Maxwell N Rome, Alyssa J Carter, Adam W Potter
Introduction: Dismounted military operations often involve prolonged load carriage over complex terrain, which can result in excessive metabolic costs that can directly impair soldiers' performance. Although estimating these demands is a critical interest for mission planning purposes, it is unclear whether existing estimation equations developed from controlled laboratory- and field-based studies accurately account for energy costs of traveling over complex terrain. This study investigated the accuracy of the following equations for military populations when applied to data collected over complex terrain with two different levels of load carriage: American College of Sports Medicine (2002), Givoni and Goldman (1971), Jobe and White (2009), Minetti et al (2002), Pandolf et al (1977), and Santee et al (2003)...
May 31, 2018: Military Medicine
P Gendron, C Lajoie, L Laurencelle, F Trudeau
Background: Female firefighters are in the minority in the Québec firefighter population and worldwide. To our knowledge, no study has focused on cardiovascular risk factors in female firefighters, and further research in this area is needed to evaluate and reduce the risk of on-duty sudden cardiac death. Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in female firefighters in Québec. Methods: A cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire to evaluate lifestyle and CVD risk factors and symptoms...
August 11, 2018: Occupational Medicine
H B Benestad, K L Sand, J C Bruusgaard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2018: Acta Physiologica
Kimberly S Hurley, Kaleigh J Flippin, Lindsey C Blom, Jocelyn E Bolin, Donald L Hoover, Lawrence W Judge
The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) has recommended that resistance training be performed at least twice per week, with 8-12 repetitions of 8-10 exercises targeting all major muscle groups (1). However, Kruger, Carlson, and Kohl (18) reported that women were participating less than the U.S. population on the whole, as only 20% of women were engaging in resistance training two or more times per week. In order to better understand why only 1 in 5 women participate regularly in this form of physical activity, this study investigated current resistance training practices, perceived benefits, and barriers to resistance training among college women...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Margaux Chan, Martin J MacInnis, Sarah Koch, Kristin E MacLeod, Keith R Lohse, Maria E Gallo, A William Sheel, Michael S Koehle
Chan, M, MacInnis, MJ, Koch, S, MacLeod, KE, Lohse, KR, Gallo, ME, Sheel, AW, and Koehle, MS. Cardiopulmonary demand of 16-kg kettlebell snatches in simulated Girevoy Sport. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Kettlebell lifting has become popular both as a strength and conditioning training tool and as a sport in and of itself: Girevoy Sport (GS). Although several kettlebell multimovement protocols have been analyzed, little research has attempted to quantify the aerobic stimulus of the individual events in GS, which could better inform kettlebell-related exercise prescription...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Philippe Gendron, Claude Lajoie, Louis Laurencelle, François Trudeau
PURPOSE: To document the cardiovascular health profile of Québec police officers (PO). METHODS: Participants answered an online questionnaire evaluating the presence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and symptoms. RESULTS: Two thousand, ninety-nine (2,099) male (age: 40.8 ± 9.2 years) and 756 female (age: 37.9 ± 7.9 years) PO participated in this study. The prevalence of obesity (body mass index ≥ 30░kg/m2 ) and diagnosed hypertension was respectively 21...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Peter Kokkinos, Leonard A Kaminsky, Ross Arena, Jiajia Zhang, Jonathan Myers
Background To develop a clinically applicable equation derived from direct assessment of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max ) to predict VO2max assessed indirectly during cycle ergometry. Design VO2max was assessed by open-circuit spirometry during a graded maximal exercise test using cycle ergometry. Multivariable linear regression analysis was applied to identify the most relevant variables and construct the best prediction model for VO2max using a random sample of 70% from each of the following age categories: <40, 40-50, 50-70 and >70 years; the remaining 30% was used for validation...
July 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Elizabeth C Schroeder, Abbi D Lane-Cordova, Sushant M Ranadive, Tracy Baynard, Bo Fernhall
NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of the study? What are the effects of age and fitness on the vascular response to acute inflammation in younger and older adults? What is the main finding and its importance? In older adults, cardiorespiratory fitness level has a differential impact on endothelial function after acute inflammation. Compared with older adults with low fitness, older, moderately fit adults have a greater decrease in endothelial function, similar to that of younger adults...
June 2018: Experimental Physiology
Evan Foster B Sc, Julia E Fraser, Elizabeth L Inness PhD, Sarah Munce, Louis Biasin, Vivien Poon, Mark Bayley
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of physiotherapist-administered aerobic exercise testing/training, the proportion of physiotherapists who administer this testing/training, and the barriers that currently exist across different practice environments. A secondary objective is to identify the learning needs of physiotherapists for the development of an education curriculum in aerobic exercise testing and training with electrocardiograph (ECG) administration and interpretation. DESIGN: National, cross-sectional survey...
April 3, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Sayaka Nose-Ogura, Miyuki Harada, Osamu Hiraike, Yutaka Osuga, Tomoyuki Fujii
The female athlete triad (FAT) is defined by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) as low energy availability (low EA), functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea and osteoporosis. In low EA, lutein dysfunction first develops, followed by anovulation and, subsequently, oligomenorrhea, leading to amenorrhea. Moreover, low estradiol concentrations due to amenorrhea decrease bone mineral density (BMD). In athletes with one of the factors of FAT, the risk of a stress fracture is 2.4-4.9 times higher and may increase the risk of fracture throughout the lifespan...
June 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Jennifer O'Neil, Daniel McEwen, Michael J Del Bel, Donguk Jo, Odette Thevenot, Olivia S MacKiddie, Lucie Brosseau
Purpose/Rationale: Physical exercise interventions for the management of knee osteoarthritis are well known to be effective and accessible forms of rehabilitation and symptom management. However, without adequate reporting of these interventions, accurate replication and clinical use is negatively impacted. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this article was to assess content reporting using The Consensus on Exercise Reporting Template list and 2016 American College of Sports Medicine guidelines among moderate- to high-quality exercise interventions randomized controlled trials (total score of ≥6/10 on the PEDro scale) involving individuals with knee osteoarthritis...
July 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
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